CBSE Class 12 Exam Pattern 2024-25: Check New Exam Pattern

Result Date: 13 May '24
Sushmita Sundas
Sushmita Sundas

Updated on - May 20, 2024

The Central Board of Secondary Education has updated the CBSE class 12 exam pattern 2024-25. There will be more competency-based questions in the CBSE 12th board exam 2025. Moreover, the number of constructed response questions will decrease by 10 per cent compared to the previous year. 

Per the revised exam pattern, competency-focused questions in the form of MCQs/ case-based questions, source-based integrated questions, or any other type will carry 50% weightage, select response type questions (MCQ) will have 20% weightage, and short/answer type questions will carry 30% weightage.

CBSE Class 12 Result 2024 CBSE Class 12 Compartment Exam 2024

Table of Contents:

CBSE Class 12th Exam Pattern 2024-25: Details

The board has modified the CBSE exam pattern for the class 12th students for the academic year 2025. Refer to the table below to understand the changes that were made in the CBSE 12th exam pattern 2024-25. 

CBSE Class 12th Exam Pattern 2024-25
Particulars Academic Year 2023-24 Academic Year 2024-25
Competency-focused questions in the form of MCQs/ Case-based questions, Source-based integrated questions or any other type 40% 50%
Select response-type questions (MCQ) 20% 20%
Constructed response questions (short answer/long answer type questions) 40% 30%

Direct Link for Updated CBSE Exam Pattern 2024-25

CBSE Class 12 Exam Pattern 2024-25: Highlights

CBSE released a new exam pattern for class 12 CBSE and an assessment policy for the 2025 academic year. Here are the details about the CBSE class 12 exam pattern 2024-25.

CBSE 12th Exam Pattern 2024-25 Highlights 
Particulars Details
Name of the exam  Central Board of Secondary Education
Mode of exam  Offline 
Exam dates Feb 2025 (tentative)
Exam duration  3 hours 
Core subjects Mathematics, Science and Social Science
Question pattern 50% Competency-focused questions (case-based or source based)
20% Select response-type questions (MCQs)
30% Constructed response questions (Short answer/long answer questions)
Total marks 100 (Theory+Practical)
Passing marks 33 per cent in each subject
Negative marking No
Official website cbse.gov.in

Also read: CBSE Additional Practise Paper

Marking Scheme for Class 12 CBSE 2024-25: Assessment Policy

The final examination will cover the recent syllabus per the CBSE curriculum 2024-25. For the CBSE class 12 board exams 2025, question papers would comprise 20% MCQs or objective questions. 50% would be competency-based questions. The remaining 30% would be subjective or short/long answer questions.

Refer to the image below for the detailed marking scheme based on the CBSE class 12 exam pattern 2024-25. 

Tabulated below is the marks breakdown for the theory and practical exams for various subjects as per the CBSE class 12 exam pattern 2024-25. Students must refer to this to start their preparation accordingly. 

CBSE Class 12 Exam Pattern 2024-25 - Assessment Policy
Subjects Theory Exam Practical Exam
English 80 20
Sociology 80 20
Political Science 80 20
Physics 70 30
Mathematics 80 20
History 80 20
Geography 70 30
Economics 80 20
Computer Science 70 30
Chemistry 70 30
Business Studies 80 20
Accountancy 80 20
Biology 70 30

Also read: Passing Marks in CBSE Class 12 

CBSE Class 12 Exam Pattern 2024-25: Subject-Wise Marks Distribution

The CBSE board will follow the revised CBSE class 12 2024-25 exam pattern for various subjects. The paper will be conducted for 100 marks, of which 80 marks will be given for theory and 20 marks for practical assessment. Tabulated below is the updated marking scheme for class 12 CBSE 2024-25 per subject, which students can refer to.  

CBSE Class 12 2024-25 Exam Pattern For Science Subjects

CBSE class 12 exam pattern 2024-25 is available for subjects such as Mathematics, Physics, Biology, Chemistry. Check the exam pattern of the science-based subjects in the following s

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Maths 2024-25

For CBSE 12th Mathematics, the theory part has a total weightage of 80 marks, and the internal assessment is for 30 marks. CBSE class 12 2024-25 exam pattern and the marking scheme for Mathematics are tabulated below. 

CBSE Class 12 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Mathematics
Topic Marks
Relations and Functions 8
Algebra 10
Calculus 35
Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry 14
Linear Programming 5
Probability 8
Total 80
Internal Assessment 20

Also Read: CBSE 12th Maths Paper Analysis 2024

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Physics 2024-25

Elucidated below is the updated CBSE exam pattern for Physics 2024. The marking scheme for class 12 CBSE 2024-25 Physics displays that the theory part has a total weight of 70 marks; the remaining 30 marks belong to the practicals.

CBSE Class 12th 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Physics
Topic Marks
Electrostatics and Current Electricity 16
Magnetic Effects of Current, Magnetism, Electromagnetic Induction, Alternating Current 17
Electromagnetic Waves and Optics 18
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter, Atoms and Nuclei 12
Electronic Devices 7
Total 70
Practical 30

Also Read: CBSE 12th Physics Paper Analysis 2024

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Chemistry 2024-25

The theory part has a total weight of 70 marks, and the remaining 30 marks are assigned to the practicals. Refer to the table mentioned below to learn more about the updated CBSE class 12 exam pattern 2024-25 for the Chemistry subject. 

CBSE 12th 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Chemistry
Topic Marks
Solutions 7
Electrochemistry 9
Haloalkenes and Haloaroenes
Alcohol, Phenol, and Ether 6
Biomolecules 7
Chemical Kinetics 7
d-block and f-block elements 7
Co-ordination Compounds 7
Aldehyde, Ketone, Carboxylic Acids 8
Amines 6
Total 70

Also Read: CBSE 12th Chemistry Paper Analysis 2024

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Biology 2024-25

Biology paper carries 70 marks for theory and 30 marks for practical. Tabulated below is the updated CBSE class 12 exam pattern 2024-25 for Biology. 

CBSE Class 12 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Biology
Topic Marks
Reproduction 16
Genetics and Evolution  20
Biology and Human Welfare 12 
Biotechnology and its Applications 12
Ecology 10
Total 70

Also Read: CBSE 12th Biology Paper Analysis 2024

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Biotechnology 2024-25

Tabulated below is the updated CBSE marking scheme 2024-25 class 12 of Biotechnology which students must refer to. 

CBSE Class 12th 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Biotechnology
Topic Marks
Protein and Gene Manipulation 40
Cell Culture and Genetic Manipulation  30
Practicals 30
Total 70

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Engineering Graphics 2024-25

Refer to the table below to learn more about the updated chapter-wise marking scheme for class 12 for Engineering Graphics. 

CBSE 12th 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Engineering Graphics
Topic Marks
Isometric Projection of Solids 25
Machine Drawing 45
Practicals 30
Total 70

CBSE Class 12 2024 Exam Pattern for Commerce Subjects

The chapter-wise CBSE marking scheme 2024-25 class 12 is available for the subjects under the commerce stream. Check the CBSE class 12 exam pattern 2024-25 for Business Studies and Accountancy subjects.

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Business Studies 2024-25

The CBSE class 12th business studies contain a section for Principles and Functions of Management and Business Finance and Marketing. Tabulated below is the updated CBSE class 12 exam pattern 2024-25 for Business Studies. 

Class 12 CBSE 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Business Studies
Topic Marks
Principles and Functions of Management
Nature and Significance of Management Principles of Management Business Environment  16 
PlanningOrganising 16
StaffingDirecting Controlling 20
Business Finance and Marketing
Financial Management Financial Markets  15
Marketing ManagementConsumer Protection  15
Internal Assessment/Project 20

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Accountancy 2024-25

The class 12th theory part has a total weight of 80 marks, divided into Part A: 60 marks and Part B: 20 marks. Mentioned below is the detailed CBSE class 12 exam pattern 2024-25 for Accountancy.  

12th CBSE 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Accountancy
Topic Marks
Part A: Accounting for Partnership Firms and Companies
Accounting for Partnership Firms  36
Accounting for Companies  24
Part B: Financial Statement Analysis
Analysis of Financial Statements 12 
Cash Flow Statement  8
Project Work  20

Also Read: CBSE 12th Accountancy Paper Analysis 2024

CBSE Class 12 2024-25 Exam Pattern For Arts Subjects

The arts stream contains popular subjects such as Political Science, Sociology, Psychology, Legal Studies, and economics. The marking scheme for class 12 CBSE 2024-25 of the art-based subject is briefly given below. 

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Political Science 2024-25

Below is the updated marking scheme for the academic year 2024-25, which students must refer to for the Political Science paper. 

CBSE 12th 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Political Science
Topic Marks
Part A: Contemporary World Politics
The End of Bipolarity  8
New Centres of PowerContemporary South Asia  12
United Nations and its OrganizationsSecurity in the Contemporary World  10
Environment and Natural ResourcesGlobalization 10
Part B: Politics in India Since Independence
Challenges of Nation-BuildingIndia's Foreign Policy 10 
India’s Foreign Policy
Parties and Party System in IndiaDemocratic Resurgence 12 
Regional AspirationsIndian Politics: Recent Trends and Development 12
Total 80

Also Read: CBSE 12th Political Science Paper Analysis 2024

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Legal Studies 2024-25

The total CBSE marking scheme 2024-25 class 12 for Legal Studies is 100. The detailed topic-wise marks distribution is tabulated below for the student's reference. 

CBSE Class 12 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Legal Studies
Topic Marks
Judiciary  10
Topics of Law 20
Arbitration, Tribunal Adjudication and Alternative Dispute Resolution  10
Human Rights in India  10
Legal Profession in India  10
Legal Services  10
International Context  10
Project (Based on Syllabus) 20 
Total 100

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Economics 2024-25

The marking scheme for class 12 CBSE 2024-25 theory part for Economics has a total weight of 80 marks, and the practical part has a total weight of 20 marks. Refer to the table below to learn more about the marks distribution for Economics. 

CBSE Class 12 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Economics
Topic Marks
Part 1: Introductory Macroeconomics
National Income and Related Aggregates 10
Money and Banking
Determination of Income and Employment 12 
Government Budget and the Economy  6
Balance of Payments  6
Part B: Indian Economic Development
Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991  12
Current Challenges Facing the Indian Economy  20
Development Experience of India – A Comparison with Neighbours  8
Total 80

Also Read: CBSE 12th Economics Paper Analysis 2024

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Sociology 2024-25

The Sociology paper for the CBSE class 12 consists of 100 marks. Below is the class 12 CBSE 2024-25 marking scheme for the Sociology subject.  

CBSE Class 12th 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Sociology
Topic Marks
The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society  10
Social Institutions: Continuity and Change 10 
Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion  10
The Challenges of Cultural Diversity  10
Structural Change
Cultural Change
Change and Development in Rural Society 10 
Change and Development in Industrial Society 10 
Social Movements  10
Project  20
Total 100

Marks Distribution & Exam Pattern of CBSE Class 12 Psychology 2024-25

The Psychology paper consists of 100 marks. Below is the detailed topic-wise CBSE class 12 exam pattern 2024-25 for the Psychology subject. 

CBSE Class 12 2024-25 Exam Pattern - Psychology
Topic Marks
Therapeutic Approaches  9
Variations in Psychological Attributes 13
Psychological Disorders 12
Self and Personality 13
Meeting Life Challenges 9
Attitude and Social Cognition  8
Social Influence and Group Processes  6
Practical  30
Total 100

Read More: Download CBSE Class 12 Revised Marking Scheme 2024-25

CBSE Class 12 2024-25 Marking Scheme & Sample Paper

The CBSE marking scheme 2024-25 class 12 are provided below for various subjects. Access the direct link to download the sample paper for various subjects for class 12 below:

CBSE Class 12 Exam Pattern 2024-25 - Marking Scheme & Sample Paper
Subject Name Sample Paper PDF Link Marking Scheme PDF Link
Biology Download Now Download Now
Chemistry Download Now Download Now
Engg. Graphic Download Now Download Now
English Core Download Now Download Now
English Elective Download Now Download Now
Hindi Elective Download Now Download Now
Hindi Core Download Now Download Now
Legal Studies Download Now Download Now
Applied Mathematics Download Now Download Now
Mathematics Download Now Download Now
 Physics Download Now Download Now
 Psychology Download Now Download Now
 Sociology Download Now Download Now

CBSE Class 12 Exam Pattern 2024-25: Passing Criteria

The passing criteria for CBSE class 12 are the same as before. A student has to score 33% marks separately in theory and practical papers. Check the Important points regarding the passing criteria of the CBSE class 12 2024-25 exam. 

  • The aggregate marks scored also have to be 33% of the total.
  • If a student obtains 33% marks in aggregate but does not score 33% in one of the subjects, they will have to sit for the compartment exam.
  • The total consists of marks obtained in both theory and practical papers.
  • Grace marks are awarded on a scale of two to five.

FAQs

What is the CBSE 12th exam pattern for 2024-25?

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According to the CBSE 12th class exam pattern 2024-25, how much weightage is given to MCQs, long/short questions, and Competency-focused questions?

What are the passing criteria as per the latest 12th CBSE 12th exam pattern for 2024-25?

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