Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is abbreviated as MBBS. It is an undergraduate program which comes under the field of medicine. The duration of MBBS course is 5½ years. This course follows the semester wise pattern consisting of 9 semesters. The MBBS course is encapsulated with practical experience as well as theoretical studies for 4 and a half years followed by a 1-year compulsory internship in various fields of medicine and surgery. 

MBBS Fees in India:

The course fee will vary from universities to universities standards and also depends upon the entrance exam. The average MBBS course fee ranges from INR 70,000 to 21 lakhs per anum.

MBBS Course

MBBS Salary in India:

The average salary for MBBS graduates in India is INR 3.6 lakhs per anum. The salary may vary from individual to individual based on their skills, diligence, and responsibility towards work.

MBBS Course Details

Degree Bachelors
Full Form Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Duration Course Duration of MBBS is 5.5 Years.
Age The upper age limit is 25 years
Minimum Percentage 50% in 10+2 from a recognised board
Subjects Required Physics, Chemistry and Biology in 10+2
Average Fees Incurred The average MBBS course fee ranges from INR 70,000 - 21 lakhs per annum
Similar Options of Study BDS, BHMS, BAMS
Average Salary Offered The average MBBS salary in India INR 3.6 lakhs per annum
Employment Roles General Surgeon, Medical Officer, Resident Medical Officer, Anaesthesiologist, Bacteriologist, Physician, Chief Medical Officer etc
Placement Opportunities Government Hospitals, Private Hospitals, Private Practice, In-house Doctors in Schools and other healthcare facilities.

MBBS Course:

The full form of MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is composed of 2 words, M.B. - 'Medicinae Baccalaureus' Bachelor of Medicine (in Latin) and B.S - 'Bachelor of Surgery' (in English), are the two first-professional degrees in medicine and surgery awarded upon graduation from medical school by universities in countries that follow the tradition of the United Kingdom[UK]. The duration of MBBS is 5 ½ years (4.5 academic course duration + 1-year internship).

It is an undergraduate academic degree course having a syllabus including both medicine and surgery subjects. Though the name suggests 2 separate degrees, however, it is only 1 degree.

The top universities/colleges which offer MBBS course in India include:

  1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  2. Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore
  3. Christian Medical College, Vellore 
  4. Armed Forces Medical College, Pune etc. are among the top MBBS colleges in India for the MBBS program.

Students have to fulfil some eligibility criteria for getting admission to this course and NEET UG medical entrance is the most accepted by almost all the medical colleges in India. There are national level and university level entrance for the MBBS admissions and the process differs in each college. Employment is very wide and secure. MBBS job scope is abundant in both private and public sectors and provides the candidate with a wide range of opportunities to pursue higher studies abroad or in India.

MBBS Quick Links:

What is MBBS Course?

What is MBBS?

MBBS is required to become a Doctor of Allopathic Medicine. Candidates are given an in-depth and proper knowledge of the human body through theory, practical experience in the dissection of bodies and observing various types of surgeries.

MBBS is suited best, for those who have a scientific bend of mind and those who want to serve humanity. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is one of the most prestigious of all medical degrees in India.

Till date, in India, MBBS education through distance mode has not been approved by the Medical Council of India [MCI]. MCI is a government-sponsored medical body which regulates uniform standards of medical education, both undergraduate and postgraduate in India.

Why Choose MBBS?


Students who have a keen interest in learning the basics of the human body, its workings and also the diagnosis of diseases and their cures, should opt for this course. This course has a structure which develops a person’s psyche towards the feelings of service and ailment of the sufferers of various diseases.

Diverse Career opportunities for students - This reason is often not stressed enough. After graduation, there is a broad range of opportunities for a future job in the field of medicine. On attaining the degree, one may choose to pursue higher studies or be a doctor, surgeon, practitioner, chiropractor or may choose to work as a medical representative in any other field.

It is well documented that the humanitarian aspect of the field is appealing and of no mean significance. There is no greater joy than the one you feel when you cure the ailings of an ill human or develop an antidote of new medicine for the greater good of humanity.

Throughout the world, an uniformity in medical knowledge and practice is maintained. Thus, a medical graduate from India can easily practise medicine in Australia or Chile or the USA or the UK - something inaccessible to many other disciplines. The world needs more doctors. A lot of EU countries that have forbidden or restricted employment of foreign citizens for employment but this do not applicable to doctors.

MBBS Entrance Exams:

These exams are mostly pen and paper or online. Some have negative marking and some of them do not.  One must be prepared and thorough with their 10+2 syllabus as the questions are based on the syllabus of physics, chemistry, and biology. Some of the exams include questions in English, personality, and aptitude.

National Level Entrance Exams:

  1. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Undergraduate [NEET UG]
  2. All India Institute of Medical Sciences MBBS Entrance Examination [AIIMS MBBS]
  3. Armed Forces Medical College Admission [AFMC MBBS Admission]

University Level Entrance Exams:

  1. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research [JIPMER]
  2. CMC Vellore MBBS/BDS Admissions [CMC Vellore MBBS]
  3. St. John's Medical Entrance Test [St John's MBBS]
  4. Indraprastha University MBBS/BDS Admissions [IPU MBBS]
  5. Annamalai University All India Medical Entrance Exam [AU AIMEE]
  6. Delhi University MBBS/BDS Admissions [DU MBBS]
  7. Aligarh Muslim University Medical Admissions [AMU MBBS]
  8. Amrita Medical Entrance Exam [Amrita MBBS]

MBBS Course Preparation Tips:

  • Scrutinisation of the syllabus: The foremost step in preparation for MBBS exams is the scrutinisation of the syllabus. As most of the entrance exams cover the NCERT syllabus, an aspirant should make a proper list of the topics required to be covered additionally and should lay primary focus on the same.

  • Develop your own focus points: While scrutinizing the syllabus, understand your own weak points and lay special emphasis on the same while preparing. Maintain composure and study ethics.

  • Adhering to a set routine: Building a self-made timetable and adhering to it is mandatory as it sets the candidate a target to attain each day or week.

  • Go through previous year question papers: It gives the aspirant an idea of the type of paper pattern and the level of difficulty while allowing the aspirant hands-on practice and experience.

MBBS Subjects:

The subjects mentioned in the curriculum for students who wish to pursue or are in the process of pursuing an MBBS degree are:

  1. Human Anatomy
  2. Human Physiology Including Bio-Physics
  3. Biochemistry
  4. Introduction to Humanities & Community Medicine
  5. Forensic Medicine including Toxicology
  6. Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  7. Orthopaedics
  8. Radiotherapy
  9. Ophthalmology
  10. Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  11. General Medicine
  12. General Surgery
  13. Paediatrics
  14. Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  15. Dermatology
  16. Ophthalmology
  17. Orthopaedics
  18. Ear, Nose, and Throat [E.N.T]
  19. Psychiatry
  20. Anaesthesiology

MBBS Course Fees:

The average MBBS fees in India for a student pursuing MBBS ranges from INR 70,000 to 21,00,000 per annum. The fee structure may vary as per the institute, the infrastructure, faculty, and prestige of the college/university as well as government-mandated quotas. 

MBBS Course Syllabus:

The syllabus for an aspirant of MBBS degree differs minorly from college to college but the crux of the MBBS syllabus is maintained throughout India:

MBBS Syllabus 
Sl.No. Subjects of Study
1 General Medicine
2 Paediatrics
3 Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases
4 Skin & STD
5 Psychiatry
6 Radiology
7 General Surgery
8 Orthopaedics
9 Ophthalmology
10 Ear Nose And Throat
11 Obstetrics and Gynaecology including Family Welfare Planning
12 Community Medicine
13 Casualty
14 Dentistry

MBBS Course Eligibility:


To obtain MBBS admission the basic criteria is that a candidate should have scored more than 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology aggregate in their 10+2 grade. To get medical school entry, there will be no state-level exam conducted for admission in MBBS & BDS courses from the year 2017 and all the state-level medical entrance tests have been merged into NEET examination (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test) which is one of the most sought national level examination conducted by the CBSE board.

AIIMS is a medical entrance examination conducted by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. With this examination, the candidate is given admission to the undergraduate medical courses [MBBS]. Also, the ones who want to pursue MBBS course from the institutions of AIIMS can apply for this exam.

Jawaharlal Institute Postgraduate Medical Education & Research [JIMPER] regulates the medical entrance examination for the admission in MBBS programme and students can get admission in JIPMER, Puducherry & JIPMER, Karaikal campuses through this exam.

The university-level medical entrance exams are JIPMER, St. John's Medical Entrance Test, CMC Vellore MBBS/BDS Admissions, Delhi University MBBS/BDS Admissions [DU MBBS] etc. A basic requirement for applying medical entrance tests is that the student should be at least 17 years old. Upper age limit, where specified is 25 years.

Typically, written tests have questions from physics, chemistry, and biology (botany and zoology). In general, the mix of questions is such that the focus on biology, which is a combination of zoology and botany, is as much as that on physics and chemistry together.

Most of the time there is negative marking for a wrong answer. This would be indicated in the information bulletin or prospectus. Some medical entrance tests also have a few questions on general knowledge, personality and intelligence assessment or English language. 

MBBS Course Admission:


The admission to the particular course is based on the marks obtained in an entrance exam conducted on national/state/college level. Most of the colleges give admission on the basis of the marks scored in NEET UG exam. The candidate should be of 17 to 25 years of age. 

MBBS Specialisations:

Some major MBBS course specialisation areas are:

  1. General Medicine
  2. General Surgery
  3. Paediatrics
  4. Obstetrics and Gynecology
  5. Dermatology
  6. Ophthalmology
  7. Orthopaedics
  8. ENT
  9. Psychiatry
  10. Anesthesiology
  11. Plastic Surgery
  12. Neuro Surgery
  13. Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
  14. Conito-Urinary Surgery
  15. Pediatric Surgery
  16. Gastroenterology
  17. Endocrinology
  18. Clinical Hematology
  19. Nephrology
  20. Cardiology
  21. Immunology
  22. Craniologist
  23. Pathologist

MBBS Job Opportunities:

The career prospects and job opportunities for a graduate of MBBS are vast and command extreme respect, owing to the humanitarian and life-saving role of their work they are:

Sl. No. Job Opportunities
1 Anaesthetist or Anaesthesiologist
2 Bacteriologist
3 Cardiologist
4 Chiropodist
5 Chief Medical Officer [CMO]
6 Clinical Laboratory Scientist
7 Dermatologist
8 E.N.T. Specialist
9 Meteorologist
10 Gastroenterologist
11 General Practitioner
12 General Surgeon
13 Gynaecologist
14 Hospital Administrator
15 Medical Admitting Officer
16 Neurologist
17 Nutritionist
18 Obstetrician
19 Orthopaedist
20 Pathologist
21 Paediatrician
22 Radiologist
23 Physician
24 Physiologist
25 Psychiatrist
26 Resident Medical Officer

MBBS Course Salary:

The average salary offered for a graduate after MBBS is INR 3.6 L per annum. While this may vary from hospital to hospital, the diligence, experience and work ethics of an individual is paramount to his or her salary package.

List of MBBS Colleges:

The top colleges to pursue MBBS in India are:

SI.No. Name of the Institute
1 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi
2 Christian Medical College, Vellore
3 Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry
4 Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
5 Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore
6 Madras Medical College, Chennai
7 King George's Medical University, Lucknow
8 Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
9 Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi
10 Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh

Difference between MBBS, BAMS, BUMS and BHMS:

The basic disciplinary difference between MBBS, BAMS, BUMS, and BHMS are fundamental in nature. While all these courses share the common trait of being a medical undergraduate degree primarily with a duration of 5½ years, there are distinct points of difference among them:


  • Full form: Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery [MBBS]
  • Focal point: Allopathy


  • Full form: Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery [BAMS]
  • Focal point: Ayurveda


  • Full form: Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery [BHMS]
  • Focal point: Homeopathy


  • Full form: Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery [BUMS]
  • Focal point: Unani

MBBS Course FAQs:

  1. What is the difference between an MBBS and MD?
    - MBBS is an undergraduate degree, the graduate of which is expected to have a basic knowledge of all subjects. Whereas MD is a postgraduate degree pursued after an MBBS degree and in a specific field.

  2. How much time does it take to finish MBBS?
    - The duration of MBBS course extends over a period of 5 ½ (4 ½ academic years + 1 month of internship) which are divided into 9 semesters.

  3. What is the fees for MBBS?
    - The average MBBS fees in India for a student pursuing MBBS ranges from INR 70,000 to 21,00,000 per annum.

Entrance Exams For MBBS

See Various MBBS Colleges in India

Fee Structure of MBBS in India

(In Lakhs)

Fee Structure by State for MBBS

All Over India

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Public Colleges
₹ 7,000 (Minimum Fee) (Maximum Fee) ₹ 1.38 Lakh
₹ 10,435 (Average Fee)
Private Colleges
₹ 2,000 (Minimum Fee) (Maximum Fee) ₹ 1.16 Cr
₹ 14 Lakh (Average Fee)

Andhra Pradesh

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Private Colleges
₹ 3 Lakh ₹ 56.30 Lakh
₹ 27.50 Lakh


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Public Colleges
₹ 16,740 ₹ 74,800
₹ 65,000


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Public Colleges
₹ 4,750 ₹ 2.67 Lakh
₹ 2.10 Lakh


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Private Colleges
₹ 30,000 ₹ 62.65 Lakh
₹ 15 Lakh


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Private Colleges
₹ 80,560 ₹ 18 Lakh
₹ 9 Lakh


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Public Colleges
₹ 62,500 ₹ 18.80 Lakh
₹ 83,500
Private Colleges
₹ 2,000 ₹ 55 Lakh
₹ 14.30 Lakh


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Private Colleges
₹ 1.25 Lakh ₹ 35 Lakh
₹ 20.70 Lakh

Madhya Pradesh

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Public Colleges
₹ 8,140 ₹ 18.80 Lakh
₹ 1.75 Lakh


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Public Colleges
₹ 2 Lakh ₹ 42.50 Lakh
₹ 3 Lakh
Private Colleges
₹ 85,000 ₹ 35.50 Lakh
₹ 8.25 Lakh


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Private Colleges
₹ 27.70 Lakh ₹ 44.50 Lakh
₹ 31.10 Lakh

Pondicherry / Puducherry

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Private Colleges
₹ 8.75 Lakh ₹ 12.60 Lakh
₹ 10 Lakh


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Private Colleges
₹ 4.40 Lakh ₹ 33 Lakh
₹ 12.60 Lakh


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Public Colleges
₹ 8,040 ₹ 2 Lakh
₹ 10,000
Private Colleges
₹ 17,550 ₹ 87.50 Lakh
₹ 52.50 Lakh

Tamil Nadu

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Public Colleges
₹ 9,000 ₹ 14 Lakh
₹ 68,000
Private Colleges
₹ 61,450 ₹ 1.16 Cr
₹ 9 Lakh


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Private Colleges
₹ 1.88 Lakh ₹ 45 Lakh
₹ 6 Lakh

Uttar Pradesh

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Public Colleges
₹ 16,400 ₹ 1.95 Lakh
₹ 1.30 Lakh
Private Colleges
₹ 7.80 Lakh ₹ 71.10 Lakh
₹ 39.60 Lakh

West Bengal

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Public Colleges
₹ 42,500 ₹ 60,800
₹ 45,000

MBBS Reviews

M.B.B.S., batch of 2024
Eligibility Criteria and Admission Process

This is awesome and amazing wonderful university  

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M.B.B.S., batch of 2023
Eligibility Criteria and Admission Process

Admission through KCET entrance exam but NEET examination is important and the cutoff for general categories is 470 AIR.

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Surya kala
M.B.B.S., batch of 2023
Eligibility Criteria and Admission Process

The college offers many courses like mbbs, pg, bds, physiotherapy, nursing etc.

For the admission into mbbs, one should get qualified in the neet. For other courses, other exams like eamcet conducted by the state government will be taken into consideration.

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