MBBS: Full Form, Course Details, Eligibility, Fees, Duration, Admission

Duration: 5 Years 5 Months
Avg Fees: ₹10K - 15 LPA
Sakshi Chaudhary
Sakshi Chaudhary

Updated on - Jan 3, 2024

Latest Updates for MBBS

  • 21 February 2024 :

    TS EAMCET 2024 official notification has been released.

  • 10 February 2024 :

    NEET Application Form 2024 has been released. The last date to apply is Mar 9, 2024.

  • 31 January 2024 :

    NEET PG 2024 Application Form fee has been reduced by INR 750 for candidates of all categories.

  • 28 January 2024 :

    TS EAMCET 2024 exam dates are out for all the streams, and Engineering exam is from May 9 - 11, 2024.

MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is a 5.5-year (4.5 years+1 year of internship) undergraduate medical program that provides training for students to conduct diagnoses, find treatment and medicines, and perform surgeries. The five and a half year MBBS course includes coursework, clinical rotations, and practical experience.

The MBBS syllabus is a comprehensive curriculum that covers a wide range of topics essential for a career in medicine. The core subjects in MBBS course include Anatomy and Physiology, Pharmacology, Community Medicine, Biochemistry, Pathology, Anaesthesiology, etc.

To be eligible for MBBS admission 2024, candidates must have a minimum of 50% in 10+2 examination with Mathematics, Biology, and Chemistry from a recognized board. The candidates also need to qualify for MBBS entrance exams such as NEET UG, AIIMS MBBS, JIPMER, etc. The average MBBS course fees ranges from INR 10,000-15 LPA.

MBBS Course Details

Degree Bachelors
Full Form Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Duration 5 Years 5 Months
Age The minimum age limit is 17 years.
Subjects Required Physics, Chemistry and Biology in 10+2
Minimum Percentage 50% in 10+2 from a recognised board
Average Fees ₹10K - 15 LPA
Similar Options of Study BDS, BHMS, BAMS
Average Salary INR 5 LPA
Employment Roles General Surgeon, Medical Officer, Resident Medical Officer, Anaesthesiologist, etc.
Opportunities Government Hospitals, Private Hospitals, Private Practice

What is MBBS Course?

MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, and the course gives students the thorough knowledge and abilities required to identify and treat a variety of medical disorders through a combination of theoretical and practical study. The MBBS course duration is 5.5 years (4.5 years+1 year of internship).

The MBBS job scope for graduates ranges from working in the healthcare industry to international organizations and universities in roles such as Physicians, General Surgeons, Medical officers, Resident Medical officers, etc. The average salary of an MBBS course graduate is INR 3 Lakhs - 7 Lakhs Per Annum, depending on their specialty, experience, and location. 

Table of Contents

MBBS Eligibility Criteria

For registration in various colleges, students need to fulfill certain MBBS eligibility criteria which are discussed below:

  • The candidate should score a minimum of 50% in 10+2 with Mathematics, Biology, and Chemistry as mandatory subjects from a recognized board and are required to clear cutoffs for entrance exams such as NEET-UG, JIPMER, AFMC MBBS, etc., as per the college requirement.
  • The minimum MBBS age limit to enroll in the course is 17 years.

MBBS Admission Process 2024

The standard MBBS admission process in India includes online registration, appearance for the entrance exam, counseling, seat allocation, and document verification. The admission process for MBBS without NEET in India varies from state to state having their entrance exams such as KEAM-Kerala (MBBS), JKCET- J & K (MBBS), etc. The general MBBS admission requirements for the course are as follows:

  • Step 1: Aspirants can apply online or offline to the universities of their choice from the official website or directly in college.
  • Step 2: As per the college requirement students need to clear the MBBS course entrance exams as an eligibility criterion.
  • Step 3: Some institutes offer an additional round of MBBS counselling that includes a Group Discussion followed by a personal interview.
  • Step 4: Students need to provide valid documents for the document verification process after getting selected and paying the fees.

MBBS Admission Process

Read More: MBBS Admission Process

Why Choose MBBS Course?

Students frequently inquire about the specifics of an MBBS course before enrolling. To assist aspirants in understanding the answers to these questions below mentioned are a few points:

  • Numerous job options are available to MBBS course graduates, including positions in private practice, hospitals, clinics, and research organizations. 
  • Doctors have been working along with eminent humanitarian societies such as Red Cross, and Amnesty International to provide access to medical and healthcare facilities to everyone across the globe. 
  • The government has started a program to open 150,000 health and wellness facilities across the country which increases the demand for doctors.
  • Additionally, there are numerous scholarships offered to Indian applicants for MBBS course abroad, including the JGC-S Scholarship Foundation and the Sato Yo International Scholarship Foundation.

Why Choose MBBS?

An entrance exam is required for candidates for the MBBS course. In addition to these exams, other universities may hold their own set of entrance exams for admission to the MBBS course. Among these are:

MBBS Entrance Exam Registration Details Accepting Colleges
NEET UG January 2024 (tentatively) MMC Chennai, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, AIIMS Delhi
AIIMS MBBS March 2024 (tentatively) AIIMS Guwahati, AIIMS Jodhpur, AIIMS Madurai
AI AIMEE May 20, 2024 (Last Date) Annamalai University
JIPMER  4th Week of March 2024 Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research 
CMC Vellore MBBS 1st Week of March 2024 Christian Medical College
John's Medical Entrance Test July 2024 (tentatively) St.John's Medical College
AFMC MBBS March 2024 (tentatively) Armed Forces Medical College Pune
Delhi University MBBS 2nd Week of February 2024 Delhi University
Aligarh Muslim University Medical Entrance Exam 1st Week of February 2024 Aligarh Muslim University

Read More: MBBS Entrance Exams

NEET Cut-Off

Based on the NEET Cut-off, the merit list is being prepared. One has to clear the cut-off mark to get enrolled in colleges of their choice. Following is the list of NEET cut-off marks for different categories:

Category 2023 Cut-off 2022 Cut-Off 2021 Cut-off 2019 Cut-off
General 720-137 715-117 720-138 720-147
SC/ST/OBC 136-107 116-93 137-108 146-113<
General- Physically Handicapped (PH/PwD) 720-137 116-105 137-122 146-129
SC/ST/OBC- Physically Handicapped (PH/PwD) 120-107 104-93 121-108 128-113
Minimum Marks Required in NEET for MBBS in Private Colleges Minimum Marks Required in NEET for MBBS in Government Colleges

Top MBBS Colleges in India

MBBS fees in India range between INR 10,000 - 15 LPA. The MBBS fee structure varies across the country, depending on infrastructure and faculty availability. The following are the top MBBS colleges in India and their course fees structure:

College Admission Fees Tuition Fees Miscellaneous Fees
M.S. Ramaiah Medical College INR 15,000 INR 9 LPA INR 24,000 PA
Maulana Azad Medical College - INR 2,368 PA
INR 1,000 PA
BJ Government Medical College INR 5,000 INR 95,000 PA INR 4,000 PA
Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences & Research  INR 30,000  INR 14 LPA  INR 1.2 LPA
Sharda University INR 10,000 INR 12.69 LPA INR 85,600 PA
Christian Medical College INR 52,000 INR 1.5 LPA INR 8,800 PA
Integral University INR 5,000 INR 17 LPA INR 1,00,000 PA
NIMS INR 22,000 INR 11.92 LPA INR 19,000 PA
MS Ramaiah Medical College INR 10,000 INR 1.44 LPA INR 38,000 PA
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh INR 46,340 INR 45,000 PA INR 10,000 PA
Banaras Hindu University INR 13,450 INR 16,400 PA INR 25,000 PA
AIIMS, Delhi INR 500 INR 23,300 PA INR 1,000 PA
University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi INR 1,000 INR 8,000 PA INR 30,000 PA
King George's Medical University, Lucknow INR 2,000 INR 54,900 PA INR 12,000 PA

Top City Wise MBBS Colleges in India 

Following are the city-wise top Medical Colleges of India offering MBBS courses.

Top Cities Average Fees
MBBS Colleges in Punjab INR 10.5 LPA
MBBS Colleges in Chennai INR 8.5 LPA
MBBS Colleges in Karnataka INR 22.1 LPA
MBBS Colleges in Maharashtra INR 7.1 LPA
MBBS Colleges in Haryana INR 2 LPA
MBBS Colleges in Kolkata INR 3.4 LPA
MBBS Colleges in Telangana INR 6.0 LPA
MBBS Colleges in Hyderabad INR 2.7 LPA
MBBS Colleges in Rajasthan INR 11.3 LPA

MBBS Specialisations

An MBBS degree qualifies one as a healthcare professional. With the advancement of science and medical science, there is a high demand for well-trained doctors who can operate the new technology. As a result, these specializations allow for extensive development and updating of knowledge.

Below mentioned are some of the MBBS courses listed:

  • Dermatology
  • ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat)
  • Orthopedics
  • Paediatrics
  • Anaesthesiology
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Psychiatry
  • General Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • General Medicine

Also, Check: Top 7 MBBS Alternative Courses in India

Bridge Courses in MBBS

Having a distinctive approach, a BDS to MBBS Bridge course allows Dental Science graduates to practice as general physicians in various hospitals, clinics, and organizations across India. Upon completing this course, the graduates must compulsorily spend at least 3 years in rural areas.

Eligibility Bachelor's degree in a science-related field with a minimum of 50% mark in aggregate
Bridge MBBS Course Duration 3 Years
Average Fees INR 50K - 4 LPA 
Top Colleges Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Gujarat University

Read More: BDS to MBBS Bridge Course

MBBS Syllabus and Subjects

MBBS course curriculum focus on developing an understanding of topics like Human Anatomy, physiology, and analysis of Human Anatomical Analysis such as the Brain, Cardiology, General Medicine, Orthopaedics, Radiology, etc.

The MBBS duration in India is 5 years and throughout the course, a strong emphasis is placed on various topics such as Human Anatomy, Human Physiology, Introduction to Humanities & Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine including Toxicology, etc.

Listed below are some of the important MBBS subjects and the topics covered:

MBBS Subjects Topics Covered
Anatomy  Gross Anatomy, Micro Anatomy, Embryology, Neuroanatomy, Osteology, Muscular System, Cardio Vascular System, Respiratory System
Biochemistry Biological cells, Biomolecules, Enzymes, Metabolic pathways, their regulation and metabolic interrelationships, Amino Acid Metabolism, Lipid metabolism
Physiology General Physiology, Nerve and Muscles, Cardiovascular System, blood, Respiratory System, Nutrition, Environmental Physiology
Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Forensic Medicine, Clinical Forensic Medicine, Medical Jurisprudence, Forensic Psychiatry, Forensic Sciences
Microbiology Introduction to Microbiology, Introduction to Bacteriology, Bacterial Staining and Cultivation, Common Test for Bacterial Identification

Read More: MBBS Syllabus and Subjects


The MBBS course aims to give students the knowledge and abilities they will need to work as qualified medical professionals who can identify and treat a variety of diseases and medical conditions. There are other courses for students that offer similar career opportunities and knowledge for graduates.

Given below is the course comparison of the MBBS and MD courses:

Parameter MBBS MD
Full Form Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Doctor of Medicine
Duration 5.5 years (4.5 years + 1 year of rational internship) 3 Years
Average Course Fee INR 10,000-15 LPA INR 5 LPA
Job Opportunities Surgeon, Physician, etc. Physician / Doctor - Internal Medicine, etc.
Average Initial Salary INR 5 LPA INR 5 - 10 LPA

Read More: MD


Courses After MBBS

After completing the MBBS course, the aspirant can further their education in medical courses. The program's goal is to train aspirants in the medical field capable of making significant contributions to the field.

Following graduation, the following are some courses after MBBS for higher education are:

Read More: Courses After MBBS

Career Options After Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

MBBS in India has a wide range of career prospects for graduates. India has a sizable healthcare sector, and there is a rising need for medical specialists. Given below are the job roles available after completion of the MBBS course:

  • Orthodontist
  • Physician
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Cardiologist
  • Surgeon

Read More: Career Options after MBBS

Salary for MBBS Graduate

The average annual MBBS salary in India for graduates is INR 5-13 LPA. Salary, on the other hand, may vary from person to person depending on their skills, diligence, and responsibility toward their work. MBBS jobs are available in both the public and private sectors in India. Given below are the MBBS salary details for various job roles:

MBBS Job Role Average Salary
General Physician INR 7.5 LPA
Resident Doctor INR 13 LPA
Pathologist INR 10.2 LPA
Radiologist INR 8.7 LPA
Emergency Medicine Physician INR 12.1 LPA

Read More: MBBS Salary in India

MBBS Scholarship

There is a wide range of scholarships offered to candidates pursuing MBBS. The scholarship program is created to assist students in overcoming financial obstacles and succeeding in their academic objectives. Below is a list of scholarships for MBBS students:

  • Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test (NEST Senior)
  • Bharati Scheme for Education
  • Vijayalakshmi R.L. Jalappa Scholarship
  • Vahani Scholarship
  • HDFC Educational Crisis Scholarship
  • Combined Counselling Board Scholarship
  • All India Pre-medical Scholarship Test
  • All India Youth Scholarship Entrance Examination
  • Swami Vivekananda Merit Cum Means Scholarship

Read More: MBBS Scholarship

Skills Required For MBBS Course Students

An aspirant who wishes to pursue an MBBS course must have the necessary skills to progress in the course. The course is practical and requires prior knowledge. Here is a list of a few skills an applicant should have:

  • Researching
  • Medical Writing skills
  • Counseling and Caring skills
  • Practices of Medical And Surgical Techniques
  • Demonstrate Skill In Surgical Practice
  • Patience and Perseverance

Top Medical Entrance Exams


Exam Date: May 31, 2023


Exam Date: May 09, 2024

MBBS Fee Structure


What is the difference between an MBBS and MD?

MBBS is an undergraduate degree, the graduate of which is expected to have a basic knowledge of all subjects. Whereas MD is a postgraduate degree pursued after an MBBS degree and in a specific field.

What is the MBBS course duration in India?

The duration of the MBBS course extends over a period of 5 ½ (4 ½ academic years + 1 year of internship).

What is MBBS full form?

The MBBS full form is a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery.

What are popular MBBS Branches?

There are several popular MBBS branches that students can choose from. A few of these are physiology, pathology, microbiology, pathology, biochemistry, and biochemistry.

Can we do MBBS after 12th?

Yes, candidates who have studied PCB in class 12th are eligible to pursue the MBBS course.

What is the salary of an MBBS doctor?

The average MBBS doctor's salary is INR 5 LPA.

How many marks are required in NEET for MBBS?

At least 550 NEET Marks for MBBS are essential for getting admitted to a government university in India.

What is MBBS course fees in India?

MBBS course fees in India is in the range of INR 10,000-15 LPA.

Which are the best colleges for an MBBS degree?

Some of the best colleges for an MBBS degree are AIIMS Delhi, CMC Vellore, Amrita School of Medicine, etc.

See Various MBBS Colleges in India

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