MBBS Course Details

Degree Bachelors
Full Form Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Duration Course Duration of MBBS is 4.5 Years.
Age The upper age limit is 25 years
Minimum Percentage 50% in 10+2
Subjects Required Physics, Chemistry and Biology in 10+2
Average Fees Incurred INR 10,000 - 20 L per annum
Similar Options of Study BDS, BHMS, BAMS
Average Salary Offered INR 3.6 L per annum
Employment Roles General Surgeon, Medical Officer, Resident Medical Officer, Anaesthesiologist, Bacteriologist, Physician, Chief Medical Officer etc
Placement Opportunities Government Hospitals, Private Hospitals, Private Practice, In-house Doctors in Schools and other healthcare facilities.

MBBS Course:

The full form of MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery and it is composed of 2 Words, M.B. - 'Medicinae Baccalaureus' (Bachelor of Medicine in Latin) and B.S. - 'Bachelor of Surgery' (in English), are the two first professional degrees in medicine and surgery awarded upon graduation from medical school by universities in countries that follow the tradition of the United Kingdom(UK).

Though the name suggests 2 separate degrees, however, it is only 1 degree.

It is an Undergraduate Academic Degree Course who's MBBS syllabus deals with the practice of Medicine and Surgery.

Universities for MBBS includes:

  1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  2. Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, 
  3. Christian Medical College, Vellore 
  4. Armed Forces Medical College, Pune etc are among the top medical colleges in India for the MBBS program.

Students have to fulfil some eligibility criteria for admission to this course and NEET UG medical entrance is the most accepted by almost all the Medical Colleges in India.

  1. Employment is very wide and secure. MBBS job scope is abundant in both private and public sectors and affords the candidate a wide range of opportunities to pursue higher studies abroad or in India.
  2. There is the National level and University level Entrance for the MBBS admissions and the process differs in each college.
  3. The duration of MBBS course extends over a period of 4 ½ academic years which are divided into 9 semesters.
  4. After the completion of an academic study, a candidate has to complete 1 year of compulsory rotating internship.
  5. All over the duration of MBBS is 5 ½ years.

What is MBBS Course?

What is MBBS?

  • MBBS is required to become a Doctor of Allopathic Medicine. Candidates are given an in-depth and proper knowledge of the human body through theory, practical experience in the dissection of bodies and observing various types of surgeries.

  • MBBS is suited best, for those who have a scientific bend of mind and those who want to serve humanity. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is one of the most prestigious of all medical degrees in India.

  • MBBS is not available through distance education though there was a report regarding the introduction of MBBS through correspondence in Times of India, according to which Max Healthcare and US-based Oceania University were in regular touch with MCI (Medical Council of India) over the distance MBBS program in November 2007.

  • MCI is a government-sponsored medical body which regulates uniform standards of medical education, both undergraduate and postgraduate in India.

Why choose MBBS?


  • Students who have a keen interest in learning the basics of the human body, its workings and also the diagnosis of diseases and their cures, should opt for this course. This course has a structure which develops a person’s psyche towards the feelings of service and ailment of the sufferers of various diseases.
  • Diverse career opportunities for students- This reason is often not stressed enough. After graduation, there is a broad range of opportunities for a future job in the field of medicine.

  • On attaining the degree, one may choose to pursue higher studies or be a doctor, surgeon, practitioner, chiropractor or may choose to work as a medical representative in any other field.

  • It is well documented that the humanitarian aspect of the field is appealing and of no mean significance. There is no greater joy than the one you feel when you cure the ailings of an ill human or develop an antidote of a new medicine for the greater good of humanity.

  • Throughout the world, an uniformity in medical knowledge and practice is maintained. Thus, a medical graduate from India an easily practice medicine in Australia or Chile or the USA or the UK- something inaccessible to many other disciplines.

  • The world needs more doctors. A lot of EU countries that have forbidden or restricted employment of foreign citizens for employment but this do not apply to doctors.

MBBS Entrance Exams:

  • These exams are mostly pen and paper or online.

  • Some have negative marking and some of them do not.

  • One must be prepared and thorough with their 10+2 syllabus as the questions are based on the syllabus of physics, chemistry, and biology. Some of the exams include questions in English, personality, and aptitude.

National Level Entrance Exams:

  • NEET UG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Undergraduate)

  • AIIMS MBBS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences MBBS Entrance Examination)

  • AFMC MBBS Admission (Armed Forces Medical College Admission)

University Level Entrance Exams:

  • JIPMER MEDICAL (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research)

  • CMC Vellore MBBS (CMC Vellore MBBS/BDS Admissions)

  • St John's MBBS (St. John's Medical Entrance Test)

  • IPU MBBS (Indraprastha University MBBS/BDS Admissions)

  • AU AIMEE (Annamalai University All India Medical Entrance Exam)

  • DU MBBS (Delhi University MBBS/BDS Admissions)

  • AMU MBBS (Aligarh Muslim University Medical Admissions)

  • Amrita MBBS (Amrita Medical Entrance Exam)

MBBS Course Preparation Tips:

  • Scrutinization of the syllabus: The foremost step in preparation for MBBS exams is the scrutinization of the syllabus. As most of the entrance exams cover the NCERT syllabus, an aspirant should make a proper list of the topics required to be covered additionally and should lay primary focus on the same.

  • Develop your own focus points: While scrutinizing the syllabus, understand your own weak points and lay special emphasis on the same while preparing. Maintain composure and study ethics.

  • Adhering to a set routine: Building a self-made timetable and adhering to it is mandatory as it sets the candidate a target to attain each day or week.

  • Go through previous years' question papers: It gives the aspirant an idea of the type of paper pattern and the level of difficulty while allowing the aspirant hands-on practice and experience.

MBBS Subjects:

The subjects mentioned in the curriculum for students who wish to pursue or are in the process of pursuing an MBBS degree are:

  • Human Anatomy

  • Human Physiology Including Bio-Physics

  • Biochemistry

  • Introduction to Humanities & Community Medicine

  • Forensic Medicine including Toxicology

  • Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Orthopaedics

  • Radiotherapy

  • Ophthalmology

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

  • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Specialisations

  • General Medicine

  • General Surgery

  • Paediatrics

  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology

  • Dermatology

  • Ophthalmology

  • Orthopaedics

  • E.N.T. (Ear, Nose, and Throat)

  • Psychiatry

  • Anaesthesiology

MBBS Course Fees:

The average MBBS fees in India for a student pursuing MBBS ranges from INR 10,000 to 20,00,000 per annum. The fee structure may vary as per the institute, the infrastructure, faculty and prestige of the college/university as well as government-mandated quotas. 

MBBS Course Syllabus:

The syllabus for an aspirant of MBBS degree differs minorly from college to college but the crux of the syllabus is maintained throughout India:

MBBS Syllabus 

Sl. No.

Subjects of Study


General Medicine




Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases


Skin & STD






General Surgery






Ear Nose And Throat


Obstetrics and Gynaecology including Family Welfare Planning


Community Medicine





MBBS Course Eligibility:


  • To obtain MBBS admission the basic criteria is that a candidate should have scored more than 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology aggregate in their 10+2 grade.

  • To get medical school entry, there will be no state level exam conducted for admission in MBBS & BDS courses from the year 2017 and all the state level medical entrance tests have been merged into NEET examination (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test) which is one of the most sought national level examination conducted by the CBSE board.
  • AIIMS is a medical entrance examination conducted by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. With this examination, the candidate is given admission to the undergraduate medical courses (MBBS). Also, the ones who want to pursue MBBS course from the institutions of AIIMS can apply for this exam.

  • JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute Postgraduate Medical Education & Research) regulates the medical entrance examination for the admission in MBBS programme and students can get admission in JIPMER, Puducherry & JIPMER, Karaikal campuses through this exam.

  • The university-level medical entrance exams are JIPMER, St John's MBBS (St. John's Medical Entrance Test), CMC Vellore MBBS (CMC Vellore MBBS/BDS Admissions), DU MBBS (Delhi University MBBS/BDS Admissions) etc.

  • A basic requirement for applying for medical entrance tests is that the student should be at least 17 years old on or before 31st December of the year of admission. Upper age limit, where specified is 25 years.

  • Typically, Written tests have questions from physics, chemistry, and biology (botany and zoology). In general, the mix of questions is such that the focus on biology, which is a combination of zoology and botany, is as much as that on physics and chemistry together.

  • Most of the time there is negative marking for a wrong answer. This would be indicated in the information bulletin or prospectus. Some medical entrance tests also have a few questions on general knowledge, personality and intelligence assessment or English language. 

MBBS Course Admission:


  • The admission to the particular course is based on the marks obtained in an entrance exam conducted on national/state/college level.

  • Most of the colleges give admission on the basis of the marks scored in NEET UG exam.

  • The candidate should be of 17 to 25 years of age. 

MBBS Specializations:

Some major MBBS specialization areas are:

  • General Medicine

  • General Surgery

  • Paediatrics

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

  • Dermatology

  • Ophthalmology

  • Orthopaedics

  • ENT

  • Psychiatry

  • Anesthesiology

  • Plastic Surgery

  • Neuro Surgery

  • Cardio-Thoracic surgery

  • Conito-Urinary surgery

  • Pediatric surgery

  • Gastroenterology

  • Endocrinology

  • Clinical Hematology

  • Nephrology

  • Cardiology

  • Immunology

  • craniologist

  • Pathologist

MBBS Job Opportunities:

The career prospects and job opportunities for a graduate of MBBS are vast and command extreme respect, owing to the humanitarian and life-saving role of their work:

Sl. No. Job Opportunities
1 Anesthetist or Anaesthesiologist
2 Bacteriologist
3 Cardiologist
4 Chiropodist
5 Chief Medical Officer (CMO)
6 Clinical Laboratory Scientist
7 Dermatologist
8 E.N.T. Specialist
9 Meteorologist
10 Gastroenterologist
11 General Practitioner
12 General Surgeon
13 Gynaecologist
14 Hospital Administrator
15 Medical Admitting Officer
16 Neurologist
17 Nutritionist
18 Obstetrician
19 Orthopaedist
20 Pathologist
21 Paediatrician
22 Radiologist
23 Physician
24 Physiologist
25 Psychiatrist
26 Resident Medical Officer

MBBS Course Salary:

The average salary of a graduate of MBBS is INR 3.6 L per annum. While this may vary from hospital to hospital, the diligence, experience and work ethics of an individual is paramount to his or her salary package.

List of MBBS Colleges:

The top colleges in India for the pursual of MBBS are:


Name of the Institute


All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi


Christian Medical College, Vellore


Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry


Armed Forces Medical College, Pune


Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore


Madras Medical College, Chennai


King George's Medical University, Lucknow


Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi


Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi


Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh


Entrance Exams For MBBS

See Various MBBS Colleges in India

Fee Structure of MBBS in India

(In Lakhs)

Fee Structure by State for MBBS

All Over India

Public Colleges
₹ 7,000 (Minimum Fee) (Maximum Fee) ₹ 1.38 Lakh
₹ 10,435 (Average Fee)
Private Colleges
₹ 2,000 (Minimum Fee) (Maximum Fee) ₹ 1.16 Cr
₹ 14 Lakh (Average Fee)

Andhra Pradesh

Private Colleges
₹ 3 Lakh ₹ 56.30 Lakh
₹ 27.50 Lakh


Public Colleges
₹ 16,740 ₹ 74,800
₹ 65,000


Public Colleges
₹ 4,750 ₹ 2.67 Lakh
₹ 2.10 Lakh


Private Colleges
₹ 30,000 ₹ 62.65 Lakh
₹ 15 Lakh


Private Colleges
₹ 80,560 ₹ 18 Lakh
₹ 9 Lakh


Public Colleges
₹ 62,500 ₹ 18.80 Lakh
₹ 83,500
Private Colleges
₹ 2,000 ₹ 55 Lakh
₹ 14.30 Lakh


Private Colleges
₹ 1.25 Lakh ₹ 35 Lakh
₹ 20.70 Lakh

Madhya Pradesh

Public Colleges
₹ 8,140 ₹ 18.80 Lakh
₹ 1.75 Lakh


Public Colleges
₹ 2 Lakh ₹ 42.50 Lakh
₹ 3 Lakh
Private Colleges
₹ 85,000 ₹ 35.50 Lakh
₹ 8.25 Lakh


Private Colleges
₹ 27.70 Lakh ₹ 44.50 Lakh
₹ 31.10 Lakh

Pondicherry / Puducherry

Private Colleges
₹ 8.75 Lakh ₹ 12.60 Lakh
₹ 10 Lakh


Private Colleges
₹ 4.40 Lakh ₹ 33 Lakh
₹ 12.60 Lakh


Public Colleges
₹ 8,040 ₹ 2 Lakh
₹ 10,000
Private Colleges
₹ 17,550 ₹ 87.50 Lakh
₹ 52.50 Lakh

Tamil Nadu

Public Colleges
₹ 9,000 ₹ 14 Lakh
₹ 68,000
Private Colleges
₹ 61,450 ₹ 1.16 Cr
₹ 9 Lakh


Private Colleges
₹ 1.88 Lakh ₹ 45 Lakh
₹ 6 Lakh

Uttar Pradesh

Public Colleges
₹ 16,400 ₹ 1.95 Lakh
₹ 1.30 Lakh
Private Colleges
₹ 7.80 Lakh ₹ 71.10 Lakh
₹ 39.60 Lakh

West Bengal

Public Colleges
₹ 42,500 ₹ 60,800
₹ 45,000

MBBS Reviews

M.B.B.S., batch of 2019
Eligibility Criteria and Admission Process

A student should be passed 10+2 and should have a good score in NEET exam. I have given NEET exam. The cutoff is very high for mbbs and it varies from colleges to colleges. But for gov collages, if u have scored 530+ then only there is a chance for your seat.

Message   See Full Review
M.B.B.S., batch of 2022
Eligibility Criteria and Admission Process

Eligibility criteria for mbbs are 12th pass and admission through neet. The cut off depends on the admission criteria.

Message   See Full Review
M.B.B.S., batch of 2023
Eligibility Criteria and Admission Process

Any student who clears NEET exam is allowed to attend the counselling held by the state government.. cut off for my college in 2017 was approx 350.

Message   See Full Review