B.Tech, Bachelor of Technology course is an undergraduate degree awarded to students after 4 years of Engineering study. The duration of B.Tech course is 4 years. Students who have completed 10+2 are eligible to apply for B.Tech course. This course helps students in all ways such as developing technical skills, soft skills, and analytical skills. There are many reputed institutions/ universities in India which offer B.Tech course in various specialisations such as Electrical Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Computer Science Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, etc. Since the world needs technologist experts in various streams for development, the job scope is always high in demand.
Students who want to join B.Tech Course need to be aware of the fees to meet their financial status. The course fees vary with respect to colleges or universities. The average course fees for the Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] curriculum is INR 40,500 to INR 1.5 lakhs per annum.
Every Student aim is to build a good career and get placed right after graduation. B.Tech course provides ample career opportunities with good salary packages. The average course salary of an aspirant of Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] is INR 5.91 lakhs per annum.
|Full Form||Bachelor of Technology|
|Duration||Course Duration of Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] is 4 Years.|
|Age||17 - 22 years of age|
|Minimum Percentage||50% in 10+2 from a recognized Board|
|Subjects Required||Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics with Computer Science / Electronics / Biology|
|Average Fees Incurred||The average B.Tech course fee ranges from INR 40,500 - 1.5 lakhs per annum|
|Similar Options of Study||Bachelor of Engineering [BE]|
|Average Salary Offered||Average B.Tech Salary in India is INR 5.91 lakhs per annum|
|Employment Roles||Software Engineer, Senior Software Engineer, Software Developer, Mechanical Engineer, Systems Engineer, IT Support, Associate Software Engineer etc. as Associate / Fully Fledged.|
|Placement Opportunities||Tata Consultancy Services Limited, Infosys Limited, HCL Technologies Ltd., Accenture, Capgemini, HP, Intel, etc are the top recruiters|
Bachelor of Technology abbreviated as B.Tech is one of the most sought-out degrees in India. It is an undergraduate degree with a course duration of 4 years. This is considered to be a skill-oriented course. The B.Tech curriculum makes provisions for the system of lateral entry wherein an aspirant who has pursued a diploma course can join the B.Tech program in the second year and can continue henceforth.
Bachelor of Technology is an academic degree awarded to the students graduating in the field of Engineering. A large number of government-affiliated or private colleges, universities and institutions offer the B.Tech course as part of their curriculum, including the Indian Institutes of Technologies [IITs] in Kharagpur, Bombay, Madras, Kanpur, Delhi, Guwahati, Ropar, Roorkee, Bhubaneshwar, Gandhinagar, Hyderabad, Jodhpur, Patna, Indore, Mandi, Varanasi, Palakkad, Tirupati, Dhanbad, Bhilai, Goa, Jammu, Dharwad; the National Institutes of Technologies [NITs] in Tiruchirappalli, Rourkela, Surathkal, Warangal, Durgapur, Allahabad, Nagpur, Calicut, Jaipur among others.
A host of prestigious and private universities in India offer the Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] course as part of the curriculum like Vellore Institute of Technology [VIT], Manipal Academy of Higher Education [MAHE], SRM Institute of Science and Technology [SRMIST], Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology [KIIT], Birla Institute of Technology and Science [BITS] among others. These, along with a large number of public and private colleges constitute the top B.Tech colleges in India for B.Tech.
The demand for this course is high because of the increasing value and employment opportunities attached to these graduation courses and the booming development of the IT industry. Graduates of the B.Tech curriculum enjoy lucrative job opportunities and vast scope of employment in a spectrum of areas. Engineers are indispensable to the society as automation and machinery is the need of the hour for the development and progress of any nation. Engineers wield the wand to the development of society.
Graduation from a B.Tech course will enable students to gain more exposure in terms of industry and application when compared to graduation from a basic Science course. In India, graduates of the B.Tech curriculum are employed in different sectors like Information Technology, Research & Development, Automobile, Aeronautical, Networking, Telecommunication, and other growing industries as well.
Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] is a 4-year course whose aim of the syllabus is designed to teach in aspirants a love and desire to incorporate technology into our lives with the sole objective of making our lives easier while making massive strides in the field of engineering - a pre-requisite for the development of a nation to its pinnacle.
There are various combinations of streams under B.Tech that an aspirant can opt for, depending upon the availability of seats and merit/rankings in various universities, along with some core subjects that provide the essential coverage of the fundamentals of engineering. The curriculum of the B.Tech course is specially designed to teach students the analytical prowess necessary to solve a problem with the minimum resources and under practical constraints. Some universities, offer the same course for which they award a B.E.Sc [Bachelor of Engineering Science] degree or B.SE [Bachelor of Science in Engineering] which is equivalent to the B.Tech degree. Engineering is applied in all fields and most professional practices. The most common and lucrative streams under the broad conduit of the B.Tech syllabus are listed below:
The technology sector is booming and the demand for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] graduates is more than ever. This course helps the students become professional engineers. It helps inculcate in the students an awareness of the erstwhile needs and requirements of the world and channel their analytical and technical prowess to solve problems amidst constraints and effective resource allocation. The curriculum of the B.Tech course includes professional subjects specific to the course of pursuance of the specific aspirants while educating them in the nitty-gritty of the technical aspects of the course.
Engineers command a highly lucrative salary and immense job satisfaction as a result of the noble nature of the profession and the large amount of respect that they command. Graduates of the B.Tech curriculum enjoy flexibility in their options of employability as they can choose to pursue higher studies in Management (MBA) or in their technical domain (M.Tech) or opt for jobs in their technical domain or in non-technical domains as in banks and other areas.
The B.Tech job opportunities are abundant and in a large number of sectors such as:
After graduating successfully, an individual can earn an average salary package of more than INR 5.5 lakh per annum. Some of the major recruiters for B.Tech graduates are software giants like Infosys, TCS, Accenture, Capgemini, Oracle, HP which recruit students for jobs through campus placements and provide impressive salary packages.
The future of an engineer may lead to either consultancy, or the industry, or a research and development field. The attractive prospect of availability of lucrative scholarships is a significant proof pursuing engineering many State Governments offering lucrative scholarships with all expenses covered for meritorious students pursuing B.Tech curriculum. Engineering is a rapidly developing sector. Advancements are being made at a good pace in this sector as a result of the engineers' ability to integrate components into the larger picture for the user’s usability while establishing design goals amidst restraints and practicality.
A computer engineer also finds employment in constructing and managing the computer system of an organisation while supplying technical support. Big firms are investing large amounts of money into this sector, and new business opportunities are developing in this sector. These things have led to a massive increase in job openings. In short, B.Tech graduates are in huge demand and indispensable these days.
A large spectrum of various types of courses is available to aspirants of Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech]. The same is listed below:
The admission process for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] course is through popular entrance exams like:
Admissions to B.Tech course are mostly through the merit rank obtained by the aspirant in the JEE exam or any concerning the institute-specific examination. The JEE exam has two levels: JEE Main & JEE Advanced. The JEE Main paper contains 180 questions which is an online mode of test. It is, in essence, an objective type paper and comprises Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics questions of MCQ format with four options. Negative marking of -1 mark is awarded for each wrong answer and four marks awarded for each correct answer. The duration of the test is 3 hours.
From 2020, the JEE Advanced will be online. The questions are of 3 types - Multiple Choice Questions, Numerical Aptitude Type and Match the cases with the same negative marking scheme.
Here are a few familiar preparation tips candidates should follow to clear the entrance exams for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech]:
Knowledge of the exam paper pattern: The paramount step in preparing well for the entrance exam is a deep-rooted understanding and comprehension of the paper pattern and the syllabus.
Effective time management: Focus points should be kept in mind, with particular emphasis on weaker subjects and the daily practice of numerical problems. A timetable should be drawn, and the candidate should follow the timetable with dedication and diligence.
Enrolling in coaching institutes: A coaching class or a tutor especially for clearing the entrance exam is a bonus as the teacher will help a candidate to focus on weaker zones and will aid in practice and comprehension of topics.
Practice makes perfect: Candidates should practice and revise before the exam so that it reduces the unnecessary pressure one day before the examination.
A few reference books which should be used by students appearing for an entrance examination of B.Tech are listed below:
A few books necessary for students pursuing B.Tech in the core engineering streams are listed below:
Computer Science and Engineering:
Electrical and Electronics Engineering:
The subjects included in the curriculum of the core engineering streams are listed below. The subjects in the first two semesters are common for all Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] students. Some students can request to change their stream after the first year of the course depending on the Institute/University. It is after these two semesters that the candidate enters into the specialised stream they took admission for, and the subjects will start to diverge from this point on accordingly.
While there are minor deviations in the curricula of some colleges, the crux of the subject composition remains constant:
Computer Science and Engineering
Electrical and Electronics Engineering:
The average course fees for the Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] curriculum ranges between INR 40,500 to INR 1.5 lakhs per annum. This amount varies based on the prestige, faculty, infrastructure and placement history of the college, university or institution of admission of the aspirant as well as government and management quotas.
The course syllabus for the most essential and significant subjects of the different core branches of the Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] curriculum is listed below. Most colleges across the nation follow this curriculum, although minor variations are observed in some colleges.
Computer Science Engineering:
|Sl. No.||Data Structures||Digital System Design|
|1||Introduction to Data Structure||Introduction to Boolean Algebra|
|2||Arrays and List||Minimalization Techniques|
|3||Stack and Queue||Design of Combinational Logic Circuits|
|4||Trees||Synchronous Sequential Circuits|
|5||Graphs and Hash Tables||Hardware Description Language|
|Sl. No.||Computer System Architecture||Algorithm Design and Analysis|
|1||Basic Structure of Computers||Introduction to Algorithms|
|2||Arithmetic Unit||Divide and Conquer|
|3||Basic Processing Unit||Greedy and Dynamic Programming|
|5||Input-Output Organisation||Branch Bound and Randomized Algorithms|
|Sl. No.||Microprocessors and Microcontrollers||Operating Systems|
|1||Introduction to microprocessor||Introduction|
|2||8086 Family Assembly Language||Processes and Threads|
|3||Programming Concepts||Concurrency and Scheduling|
|4||I/O Interface and Pentium||Memory|
|5||Architecture and Programming 8051||Input/Output and File Systems|
|Sl. No.||Compiler Design||Artificial Intelligence|
|1||Introduction to compiler and automata||Introduction|
|2||Syntax Analysis- Parsing||Heuristic Search Techniques|
|3||Intermediate Code Generation||Knowledge and Reasoning|
|5||Code Optimisation||Game Playing|
Electrical and Electronics Engineering:
|Sl. No.||Analysis of Electrical Circuits||Electrical Machines|
|1||Analysis of DC Circuits||DC Generator|
|2||Analysis of AC Circuits||DC Motors|
|4||Transient Analysis||Testing of DC Machines and Transformers|
|5||Three-phase circuits, tuned circuits and graph theory||Modelling of DC Machines|
|Sl. No.||Electromagnetic Theory||Electron Devices and Circuits|
|1||Basic Concepts of Field Theory||Semiconductor Devices|
|2||Electrostatics Applications||Small Signal Analysis|
|3||Magnetostatics Applications||Large Signal Analysis|
|4||Time-Varying Electric and Magnetic Fields||Feedback Amplifiers and Oscillators|
|5||Electromagnetic Waves||Wave Shaping Circuits|
|Sl. No.||Control Systems||Power Electronics|
|1||Introduction to Control Systems||Power Electronics Devices|
|2||Transient, steady-state and stability analysis||AC to DC Converters|
|3||Frequency Response Analysis||DC to DC Converters|
|4||Compensator Design using Time and Frequency Responses||DC to AC Converters|
|5||State Space Analysis||AC to AC Converters|
|Sl. No.||Power System Protection||Microcontrollers|
|1||Introduction to Protective Schemes||Processor-Based System|
|2||Protection of Equipment||Interfacing Devices|
|3||Switchgear||High-Performance RISC Architecture-ARM Processors|
|4||Surge Protection and Insulation Co-ordination||Intel 8051 Microcontrollers|
|5||Modern trends in Power System Protection||PIC Microcontrollers|
|Sl. No.||Engineering Mechanics||Thermodynamics|
|1||Statics of Particles and Rigid Bodies||Basic Concepts and the First Law of Thermodynamics|
|2||Friction||Second Law of Thermodynamics and Entropy|
|3||Analysis of Trusses and Centroids||Properties of Steam and Vapour Power Cycle|
|4||Moment of inertia of Surfaces and Volumes||Fuels and Combustion|
|5||Dynamics of Particles||Thermodynamic Relations|
|Sl. No.||Manufacturing Technology||Mechanics of Solids|
|1||Casting||Concept of Stresses and Strains|
|2||Mechanical Working of Metals||Analysis of Beams|
|3||Theory of Metal Cutting||Torsion of Shafts|
|4||Gear Manufacturing and Surface Finishing Process||Deflection of Beams|
|5||Machine Tools||Columns and Cylinders|
|Sl. No.||Fluid Mechanics||Applied Thermal Engineering|
|1||Properties of Fluids and Fluid Statics||Gas Power Cycles|
|2||Fluid Kinematics and Dynamics||Internal Combustion Engines|
|3||Dimensional Analysis and Flow-through Pipes||Air Compressors|
|4||Hydraulic Machines||Refrigeration Systems|
|5||Boundary-Layer Theory||Psychrometry and Air Conditioning|
|Sl. No.||Computer-Aided Design and Analysis||Manufacturing Engineering|
|1||Introduction to CAD||Machining|
|2||Representation of curves and surfaces||Casting, Welding and Powder Metallurgy|
|3||Graphics Concepts||Metal Forming|
|4||CAD Standards and Recent Technology||Rising|
|5||Finite Element Analysis||Forging|
|Sl. No.||Principles of Architecture||Building Material Science|
|1||Planning Aspects and Regulations||Basic Load Bearing Materials|
|2||Architectural Principles||Advanced Load Bearing Materials|
|3||Proportion, Scale, Balance||Special Construction Materials|
|4||Building Services||Non-Load Bearing Materials|
|5||Elevators and Escalators||Recent Construction Materials|
|Sl. No.||Engineering Geology||Mechanics of Solids|
|1||General Geology||Basics of Mechanics, Stress, Strain and Deformation|
|2||Minerals of the Earth's Crust||Analysis of State of Stress|
|3||Rocks of the Earth's Crust||Centre of Gravity and Moment of Inertia|
|4||Structural Features of Rocks||Bending of Beams and Torsion of Shafts|
|5||Geology for Engineering||Analysis of Statically Determinate Plane Trusses|
|Sl. No.||Engineering Surveying||Constructional Technology|
|1||Chain, Compass and Plane Table Surveying||General|
|3||Theodolite Surveying||Floors and Roofs|
|4||Tacheometric Surveys||Stairs and Supporting Structure|
|5||Engineering Surveys||Building Amenities|
|Sl. No.||Strength of Materials||Structural Design|
|1||Deflection of Beams||Masonry|
|2||Energy Principles||Mix Design and Behaviour of RCC Sections|
|3||Columns||Limit State Method of Design of Beams and Staircases|
|4||Theories of Failure||Limit State Method of Design for Columns|
|5||Special Topics||Limit State Method of Design for Foundations|
|Sl. No.||Industrial Organic Chemistry||Chemical Process Calculations|
|1||Reactions and Reagents||Basic Concepts and Composition of Mixtures|
|2||Carbohydrates||Material Balance for Non-Reactive Systems|
|3||Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins||Material Balance for Reactive Systems|
|4||Oils, Fats, Waxes and Dyes||Energy Balance|
|5||Heterocyclic Compounds and Pharmaceutical Chemistry||Material Balance for Multi-Unit Systems|
|Sl. No.||Mechanical Operations||Physical and Analytical Chemistry|
|1||Characterization and Handling of Particulate Solids||Gaseous State|
|2||Comminution of Solids||Liquid State|
|3||Separations Based on Motion of a Particle through Fluids||Chemical Equilibrium and Phase Rule|
|4||Filtration||Surface Phenomenon and Photochemistry|
|5||Agitation and Mixing||Instrumental Methods of Analysis|
|Sl. No.||Principles of Mass Transfer||Chemical Process Technology|
|1||Mass Transfer and Diffusion||Chlor-Alkali Industries|
|2||Mass Transfer Coefficients and Interphase Mass Transfer||Sulphur and Silicate Industries|
|3||Gas Absorption||Fertilizers and Allied Industries|
|5||Drying||Synthetic Organic Chemicals|
|Sl. No.||Process Heat Transfer||Mass Transfer Applications|
|1||Convective Heat Transfer||Distillation|
|2||Forced Convection||Design of Distillation Columns|
|3||Heat Exchangers||Extraction and Leaching|
|4||Evaporation||Adsorption and Crystallization|
|5||Radiation||Miscellaneous Separation Processes|
For regular candidates, the mandatory eligibility criteria include a pass certificate in 10+2, A-Level, IB, American 12th grade or equivalent with Physics, Mathematics, and English as compulsory subjects along with Chemistry or Biology or any technical vocational subjects as optional subjects having secured a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Mathematics and any one of the optional subjects.
For Lateral Entry Candidates, the mandatory eligibility criteria include a degree from a recognised university with at least 45% marks and a pass certificate in XII standard with Mathematics as a subject.
Admission to Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] program is conducted both through entrance examinations and based on merit. Individual universities offer both direct admission and entrance exam-based admission to the program. Candidates who wish to apply for the B.Tech program should beforehand have ready their results from the respective entrance exams required by the selected/opted Universities.
Applications for admissions can be availed either online from the University website or offline by visiting the Admissions Office of the same. Applicants should submit the application form before the deadline mentioned on the website of the particular University. Candidates are advised to scrutinise the list of entrance exams and the declaration dates of results applicable to B.Tech for various Universities carefully. They should also make sure that they satisfy the education eligibility criteria with the minimum required marks.
The specialisation options in the Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] curriculum include core and non-core courses as listed below:
A large variety of lucrative job opportunities and vast scope of employment is available to the graduates of the Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] curriculum in several specialisation streams as enlisted below:
|Engineering Stream||Job Industries||Initial Annual Salary (In Rupees)|
|Aeronautics||Aeronautical Firms, Automobile Industry, Machinery Production, Research, Design and Development, Tools Production Firms, Thermal, and Power Management, Fluid Mechanics, Turbo Industries, Lubrication Engineering, Mechanical Maintenace, Nuclear Operations, Mechanical Drawing, Quality Testing, Defence Services etc.||3,50,000 to 12,00,000|
|Computer Science||IT and Software Firms, Computing Systems, Software Analysis, Consultancy Firms, Web Design, Web Development, Tech Support, Manual Testing etc.||3,50,000 to 9,00,000|
|Electrical and Electronics||Electrical Design, Electronics Development, Computing Systems, Communications, Mobile Networking etc.||2,50,000 to 9,00,000|
|Electronics and Communication|
|Biotechnology||Food Research, Medicine Production, Disease Research, Culture Research, Animal Research, Genetic Sciences etc.||2,00,000 to 7,50,000|
|Chemical||Food Research, Medicine Production, Chemicals, Fertilizers, and Pesticide Production, Cosmetics and Healthcare Product Manufacture, Oil and Gas Refining etc.||2,00,000 to 12,00,000|
|Industrial||Milling and Manufacturing, Mass Production, Industrial Design, Entrepreneurship, Business and Production Management, Factories, Power Plants, Textile Production, Cement and Steel Industries etc.||2,00,000 to 9,50,000|
|Civil||Road and Bridge Construction, Building Construction and Management, Planning, Support and Reinforcement, Dam Projects, Housing, and Urban Development etc.||3,30,000 to 9,00,000|
|Biomedical||Medical Equipment Manufacturer, Medicine, Hospitals, Healthcare Tools||2,50,000 to 9,00,000|
The average course salary for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] graduates is INR 5.91 lakhs per annum. This valuation varies depending on the sector and firm of employment of the aspirant as well as his or her seniority, experience, diligence, dedication and performance at the workplace.
A large number of government-affiliated or private colleges, universities and institutions offer the Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] course as part of their curriculum, including the Indian Institutes of Technologies [IITs] in Kharagpur, Bombay, Madras, Kanpur, Delhi, Guwahati, Ropar, Roorkee, Bhubaneshwar, Gandhinagar, Hyderabad, Jodhpur, Patna, Indore, Mandi, Varanasi, Palakkad, Tirupati, Dhanbad, Bhilai, Goa, Jammu, Dharwad; the National Institutes of Technologies [NITs] in Tiruchirappalli, Rourkela, Surathkal, Warangal, Durgapur, Allahabad, Nagpur, Calicut, Jaipur among others.
A host of prestigious and private universities in India offer the B.Tech course as part of the curriculum like Vellore Institute of Technology [VIT], Manipal Academy of Higher Education [MAHE], SRM Institute of Science and Technology [SRMIST], Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology [KIIT], Birla Institute of Technology and Science [BITS] among others.
The list of top colleges in India for Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] curriculum is tabulated below:
|Sl. No.||Name of the College|
|17||Vellore Institute of Technology|
|18||SRM Institute of Science and Technology|
A large number of colleges in India offer distance-learning or correspondence courses in Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] as is enlisted below:
B.E. refers to Bachelor of Engineering and is more knowledge-based, relying highly on the technical know-how and theoretical knowledge of machines or phenomena.
B.Tech refers to Bachelor of Technology and is more skill-based, relying on the development of machines or applications based on the demands of the same.
Should I do an MBA after BTech?
- Yes, an aspirant of B.Tech should pursue an MBA after graduation to increase his or her employability. Companies prefer candidates with managerial experience and knowledge as it will help in the logistical side apart from the technical expertise.
Which stream is best in BTech?
- There is no specific best stream in B.Tech. All the specialisation branches of B.Tech have their unique value and lucrative employability opportunities or research options. It depends on a person's interest, which should govern the stream an aspirant wishes to pursue.
Is B.Tech better than B.Sc?
- Yes, B.Tech is better than B.Sc if the aspirant wishes to learn about the technical application side of technology rather than the research scope. However, for research scope, B.Sc has more opportunities than B.Tech.
Admission is based on your 12th board marks and there is no entrance exam.
Candidates should have atlest minimum of 70% marks in 12th board for direct admission but if you don't have that many marks then you can give entrance test conducted by University itself i.e. Q-Care entrance exam, on passing the exam you can register yourself in that college.