Bachelor of Science is a three years course that deals with a variety of research-oriented studies of science under several streams and also focuses on the application of science concepts in real-life scenarios. The course is built on science fundamentals and consists of various specialization streams such as physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, and much more. Graduates of this course have diverse job opportunities in the world of research and development. B.Sc graduates primarily work as scientists, research scholars, specialists, and R&D industry experts.

BSc Course Details

Degree Bachelors
Full Form Bachelor of Science
Duration Course Duration of Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] is 3 Years.
Age No age limit
Minimum Percentage 50% in 10+2 from a recognised board
Average Fees Incurred INR 10,000 - 2 LPA
Average Salary Offered INR 6.04 LPA [Source: Payscale]
Employment Roles Anesthesiologist, Scientist, Lecturer, Biology Researcher, Scientist Assistant, Laboratory Technician, Chemist, Research Analyst, Professor, Technical Writer/ Editor, Pharmacist, Plant Biochemist etc.

About B.Sc

According to Mirriam-Webster, B.Sc can be defined as a "recipient of a bachelor's degree which signifies that the recipient has done the greater part of his/her course work in the sciences with a specialization in particular science". 

B.Sc full form is Bachelor of Science and is the short form of the Latin term, "Baccalaureus Scientiae". It is an undergraduate science course consisting of an ocean of specialization program introduced by UGC as a 3-year program. The course is a universally recognized sciences program that imparts research-based study on specialization, which will give graduates exposure to several research methodologies.

B.Sc course is tailor-made for graduates who have strong fundamentals in mathematics and basic science. Graduates of B.Sc courses are hired in both core science industries and other research-based industries. Apart from the pure science domain, some Arts/Commerce specializations are offered under B.Sc, like Economics or Statistics, depending on the university. A B.Sc degree course is designed to enhance graduates with practical skills and interdisciplinary knowledge in science.

Table of Contents

Eligibility Criteria for B.Sc

For B.Sc admission, students should have completed their 10+2 schooling with a minimum of 50% of marks with either science or maths as mandatory subjects. Age is not a factor for eligibility as the coursework accepts students across all age groups. Selective universities require students to clear university-level entrance examinations for the admission process.

How To Get Admission for B.Sc?

The B.Sc eligibility criteria vary from one university to another. Reputed institutions admit students only via merit quota. The cutoff scores are calculated using entrance exam scores in any B.Sc specialization, aspirants interested in pursuing a specialized degree must have completed their high school with an aggregate of over 50%. The admission requirements differ based on the specialization and the college's reputation. Listed below are the steps for the admission process in general:

Apply For the Course

The aspirants can either apply online or offline for the desired college. COVID-19 has forced universities to conduct admissions online. Students are needed to fill in the necessary details on the official website of their respective universities.

Selection Criteria

The selection criteria are based on the cutoff scores set by the university. The university cutoff score is the aggregate of entrance exam scores and 10+2 score. Aspirants eligible for admissions are called for personal interviews before seat allocation. Sometimes, a personal interview is conducted to test aspirants' willingness and knowledge of the specialization.

B.Sc Courses

B.Sc courses are offered either as full-time courses, part-time B.Sc courses, and online-based learning B.Sc courses. There are several pure science and research technology applications, and each of them is pursued as separate specialized domains. The diverse fields of research require specialized personnel to spearhead the research works and establish a concrete theorem. Listed below are top B.Sc specializations in India:

Other Specializations include:

B.Sc Specializations
BSc Course List
BSc Environmental Science BSc Mathematics
BSc Geology BSc Chemistry
BSc Genetics BSc Finance
BSc Nutrition and Dietetics BSc Botany
BSc Physiotherapy BSc Computer Applications
BSc Geography BSc Perfusion Technology
BSc Medical BSc Economics
BSc Information Technology BSc Medical Lab Technology
BSc Visual Communication BSc Audiology
BSc Cardiac Perfusion BSc Nautical Science
BSc Biology BSc Aviation
BSc Operation Theatre Technology BSc Hotel Management
BSc Astrophysics BSc Forensic Science
BSc Physician Assistant BSc Psychology
BSc Non-Medical BSc Hons
BSc Radiography BSc optometry
BSc Pathology BSc Forestry
BSc Physical Sciences BSc Nautical Science
BSc Occupational Therapy BSc Horticulture
BSc Electronics BSc Statistics
BSc Aeronautical Science BSc Zoology
BSc Industrial Chemistry BSc Animation
BSc Beauty Cosmetology BSc Food Technology
BSc Biochemistry BSc Home Science
BSc Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology BSc Fashion Design

The B.Sc course entrance exam is conducted in the form of an online written test. There are several national and state-level entrance examinations affiliated across several universities. Apart from that, selected universities conduct a university-level exam for the admission process, apart from national level examinations.

The questions asked for the examination are generic and have much onus on high school fundamentals. B.Sc admissions are offered based on the examination scores secured by the student along with university cutoff. Some of the popular B.Sc entrance exams are listed below:

A Quick Glance at the B.Sc Entrance Exams

Entrance exams are mandatory criteria for B.Sc admissions. The exam pattern for specified B.Sc courses varies from one conducting body to another. The standard format for the entrance exam are listed below:

  • The exam pattern consists of questions from 10+2 PCM along with general aptitude.
  • The duration of the examination is usually from 2-3 hours.
  • The syllabus, mode of examination, and question pattern may change according to the conducting university.

Top B.Sc Colleges in India

Apart from state-recognized law schools, several universities are offering a B.Sc course in India. Below listed are top colleges that NIRF ranks:

Top B.Sc Colleges in India



Name  of the College


Miranda House New Delhi


Lady Shri Ram College Delhi


Presidency College Chennai


St. Xavier’s College Kolkata


Hans Raj College Delhi


Gargi College Delhi


Thiagarajar College Madurai


 PSG College of Arts and Science Coimbatore


Lady Irwin College Delhi


Government Arts College Coimbatore

Fee Structure for B.Sc

According to UGC guidelines, the B.Sc duration in India is about 3 years of study. The average B.Sc fees range from INR 10,000 - 2 LPA. The fee structure may depend on several factors such as university reputation, infrastructure, placements, etc.

Some of the B.Sc colleges are listed below according to their fees structure:

B.Sc Fees Structure


Fees Structure

Lady Irwin College


PSG College of Arts and Science


Government Arts College

INR 50,000

Miranda House


Lady Shri Ram College for Women

INR 1.75 LPA

Syllabus and Subjects for B.Sc

B.Sc is a nationally recognized undergraduate sciences degree. The syllabus for B.Sc entirely depends on the area of specialization one chooses to pursue. Apart from the specialization subjects, there are some fundamental sciences and research methodology subjects in UGC's curriculum.

B.Sc syllabus offers in-depth knowledge and nuances of the specialized domain along with essential research methodology studies. Apart from theoretical subjects, B.Sc also helps students to attain practical experience required for the industry. Some of the subjects that are included in the B.Sc syllabus are:

  • Chemistry of Main Group Elements
  • Language
  • Research Methodology and Techniques
  • Biochemistry
  • Food Chemistry
  • Analog System and Application

Read More about BSc Syllabus and Subjects

Why Choose B.Sc?

B.Sc is one of the most prestigious undergraduate science degrees in India. The course offers extensive support for research-based study in various fields of science and technology. The scope provided by the B.Sc course in terms of research and development is vast, making it the go-to course for aspirants. To understand more on "Why Choose B.Sc?", we can split the statement into the following three simple questions :

What is B.Sc All About?

B.Sc is an undergraduate science course pursued for three years. The course focuses more on application and domain-based sciences studies, helping students have practical exposure to research work during the coursework. The B.Sc syllabus consists of subjects like basic science, mathematics, etc, which are designed to provide more importance to theoretical concepts and the application of science and technology in various specialized domains. It also helps graduates perform research on specified concepts and develop solutions catering to real-world problems. The B.Sc course opens plenty of job opportunities in both theoretical and practical domains of work. Graduates of this course receive several offers from both public and private sectors owing to their interdisciplinary study.

What Does a B.Sc Graduate Do?

B.Sc course is known for imbibing in-depth theoretical knowledge that will help for research-oriented studies. It enables students to work as a researcher, professor, consultant or an analyst, etc. B.Sc graduates have a variety of functions in their job role; some of them are:

Research and Development: One of the primary job roles of B.Sc graduates is in the research and development domain. Graduates help in developing new solutions to existing queries and implement the same in several real-life applications.

Teaching: Graduates of this course will be exposed to in-depth theoretical knowledge on various specialized domains, making them eligible to pass on the knowledge to upcoming generations. Teaching is one of the significant functions of science graduates apart from research work.

Survey and Analysis: Science graduates always know the value of surveying and analysis, which helps them to finetune their thesis. Surveying helps graduates understand the needs and necessities of the solution and help them optimize their research work to satisfy all the requirements.

Reasons Why B.Sc Can Fetch You a Rewarding Career?

B.Sc is an essential and essential degree for the job market today as it provides students with all the vital skills required for research in a specialized domain. Science graduates do enjoy some perks in the job market over several undergraduate courses. Let's understand some of the reasons behind it:

Demand: There is substantial demand for skillful research scholars and analysts in several sectors that'll boost the country's technological development. Massive scopes have opened for science graduates as India has started to invest in research and development sectors in several domains.

Payscale: B.Sc graduates enjoy a competitive pay scale during the initial stages of their careers. Upon gaining experience, their pay scale increases multifold, making them competitive as other undergraduates.

Read More About BSc Jobs

Preparation Tips for B.Sc

Some of the essential course preparation tips for the B.Sc course are given below:

  • Know the Syllabus: Get an understanding of the syllabus and try to focus on essential areas for examinations.
  • Make a Plan: Make a study plan that will help you study according to the syllabus and cover it before exams.
  • Strengthen Your Fundamentals: The course requires the student to be more focused on fundamental science to understanding concepts quickly. So, revise your grade 11 and 12 PCM subjects.

Scope For Higher Education

B.Sc courses have a lot of scopes both in India and abroad. Graduates who are willing to enhance further on their research can opt for an M.Sc degree in India. B.Sc graduates, who have a knack for management studies, can opt for an MBA in any domain, which helps them gain interdisciplinary knowledge. An MBA in any domain helps them venture into the techno-managerial domain and suitably increase their payscale by a higher margin. Some of the higher education courses include :

Salary of a B.Sc Graduate

As a fresher, a B.Sc graduate can earn an average of INR 6.04 LPA. In other cases, aspirants' average salary depends upon factors like job designation, job sector, and seniority. Average pay scale of B.Sc graduates increases as their work experience in the field increases.

Read More About BSc Salary

Career Options After B.Sc Graduation

Plenty of job opportunities are available for B.Sc graduates in both the public and private sectors. The job roles offered will differ according to the industry they work in, and the technical knowledge candidates possess. The most common positions the graduates work as are:

  • Research Scholars
  • Professors
  • Learning Counsels
  • Project Manager
  • Analysts
  • Research Scientist

Skills That Make You The Best B.Sc Graduate

B.Sc graduates are required to possess skills that will help them succeed in their professional careers. These skill sets will not only help them in terms of academics but will also help them to thrive as a working professional.

Some of these skills include:

  • Quantitative Analysis Skills
  • Research Skills
  • The Ability to Work Under Pressure
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Technical Knowledge
  • Communication Skills

Frequently Asked Questions


Which is better BSc or BSc Hons?

 A Bachelor of Science (Hons) degree is considered to be superior to a Bachelor of Science degree.


Which is better BSc or Engineering?

Both are equally competent and have equally lucrative career opportunities or research options. Engineering concentrates more on the application sector via B.Sc concentrates on the theory of the phenomenon.


Which is the best BSc course?

There are a large number of B.Sc courses which you can choose to pursue depending on your interest area like Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Physiology among others.

Entrance Exams For Bachelor of Science [B.Sc]

See Various Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] Colleges in India

Fee Structure of Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] in India

(In Lakhs)

Fee Structure by State for Bachelor of Science [B.Sc]

All Over India

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Public Colleges
₹ 540 (Minimum Fee) (Maximum Fee) ₹ 5 Lakh
₹ 29,625 (Average Fee)
Private Colleges
₹ 540 (Minimum Fee) (Maximum Fee) ₹ 24.40 Lakh
₹ 2.01 Lakh (Average Fee)

Andhra Pradesh

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Public Colleges
₹ 5,770 ₹ 5.40 Lakh
₹ 19,500
Private Colleges
₹ 2,420 ₹ 2.40 Lakh
₹ 18,000

Arunachal Pradesh

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Public Colleges
₹ 39,000 ₹ 1.04 Lakh
₹ 50,000
Private Colleges
₹ 16,500 ₹ 1.05 Lakh
₹ 60,000


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Public Colleges
₹ 17,820 ₹ 2.22 Lakh
₹ 21,250
Private Colleges
₹ 2,520 ₹ 6.40 Lakh
₹ 14,790


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Public Colleges
₹ 3,750 ₹ 1.59 Lakh
₹ 37,000
Private Colleges
₹ 489 ₹ 88,150
₹ 6,819


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Public Colleges
₹ 2,349 ₹ 1.33 Lakh
₹ 15,000
Private Colleges
₹ 4,599 ₹ 1.96 Lakh
₹ 42,100


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Public Colleges
₹ 16,500 ₹ 7.50 Lakh
₹ 75,000
Private Colleges
₹ 2,061 ₹ 11.80 Lakh
₹ 9,000


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Public Colleges
₹ 3,800 ₹ 2.34 Lakh
₹ 1.19 Lakh
Private Colleges
₹ 1,500 ₹ 8.66 Lakh
₹ 1.35 Lakh

Himachal Pradesh

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Public Colleges
₹ 5,583 ₹ 2.70 Lakh
₹ 35,510
Private Colleges
₹ 2,175 ₹ 5.93 Lakh
₹ 90,000

Jammu And Kashmir

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Public Colleges
₹ 7,320 ₹ 3.16 Lakh
₹ 18,000


interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 7,146 ₹ 36,000
₹ 10,140
Private Colleges
₹ 1,920 ₹ 2.15 Lakh
₹ 29,811


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Public Colleges
₹ 2,100 ₹ 1.87 Lakh
₹ 9,700
Private Colleges
₹ 3,750 ₹ 9.06 Lakh
₹ 76,800


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Public Colleges
₹ 3,000 ₹ 2.88 Lakh
₹ 10,815
Private Colleges
₹ 660 ₹ 6 Lakh
₹ 37,500

Madhya Pradesh

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Public Colleges
₹ 2,300 ₹ 2.88 Lakh
₹ 15,000
Private Colleges
₹ 5,700 ₹ 3.20 Lakh
₹ 64,800


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Public Colleges
₹ 9,000 ₹ 3.88 Lakh
₹ 33,771
Private Colleges
₹ 90 ₹ 16.35 Lakh
₹ 36,000


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Public Colleges
₹ 42,000 ₹ 55,690
₹ 55,690
Private Colleges
₹ 60,000 ₹ 1.83 Lakh
₹ 1.23 Lakh


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Public Colleges
₹ 18,125 ₹ 24,125
₹ 24,125


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Public Colleges
₹ 5,005 ₹ 1.05 Lakh
₹ 28,400
Private Colleges
₹ 360 ₹ 4.40 Lakh
₹ 6,624

Pondicherry / Puducherry

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Private Colleges
₹ 750 ₹ 1.46 Lakh
₹ 12,600


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Public Colleges
₹ 1,400 ₹ 2.06 Lakh
₹ 65,580
Private Colleges
₹ 2,880 ₹ 9.60 Lakh
₹ 1.29 Lakh


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Public Colleges
₹ 2,666 ₹ 2.40 Lakh
₹ 18,750
Private Colleges
₹ 3,060 ₹ 4.50 Lakh
₹ 1.05 Lakh


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Private Colleges
₹ 53,600 ₹ 3.59 Lakh
₹ 2.01 Lakh

Tamil Nadu

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Public Colleges
₹ 1,545 ₹ 6.75 Lakh
₹ 16,800
Private Colleges
₹ 733 ₹ 8.45 Lakh
₹ 39,000


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Public Colleges
₹ 2,700 ₹ 2.43 Lakh
₹ 13,770
Private Colleges
₹ 4,080 ₹ 2.34 Lakh
₹ 39,000


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Private Colleges
₹ 12,000 ₹ 71,000
₹ 45,000

Uttar Pradesh

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Public Colleges
₹ 2,982 ₹ 2.80 Lakh
₹ 11,664
Private Colleges
₹ 1,200 ₹ 6 Lakh
₹ 36,000


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Public Colleges
₹ 1,704 ₹ 1.20 Lakh
₹ 15,000
Private Colleges
₹ 25,000 ₹ 6 Lakh
₹ 2.10 Lakh

West Bengal

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Public Colleges
₹ 1,429 ₹ 2.18 Lakh
₹ 7,200
Private Colleges
₹ 1,092 ₹ 4.25 Lakh
₹ 7,280

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