Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2023: Download PDFs for Class 12th

Exam Date

Feb 21, 2023 to Mar 21, 2023

Sushmita Sundas

Updated on Jan 27, 2023 by Sushmita Sundas

Sushmita Sundas

Sushmita Sundas Updated on Jan 27, 2023

The Maharashtra HSC syllabus has been released in PDF file format which is available on the official website. The syllabus will guide students in preparing for the board exams.  Maharashtra 12th syllabus consists of subjects divided into three streams - Science, Commerce, and Arts. The syllabus helps students understand what they will study for the HSC exam.

Candidates can download the Maharashtra HSC exam syllabus, available as PDF files. The steps to download the syllabus are mentioned on this page.

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Table of Contents


Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2023 Highlights

Understanding the syllabus is essential for candidates. It helps them make their study plan to clear the board exam with good grades. Check out the essential highlights of the Maharashtra HSC syllabus.

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2023 Highlights
Board name  Maharashtra State Board of Higher Secondary Education
Category  MSBSHSE syllabus 2023
Official website

How to Download Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2023 PDF Files?

Here are the steps to download the Maharashtra HSC syllabus 2023 from the board's official website:

Step 1: Visit the official website of Maharashtra HSC board -

Step 2: Click on the section "Subjects & Syllabus" from the primary menu tab on the Home page.

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2023

Step 3: Select "HSC General Subject Codes and Syllabus" from the dropdown menu.

Step 4: Selecting the HSC General syllabus option will redirect you to the HSC syllabus page.

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2023

Step 5: Select the subject to download and save it for future reference.

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2023: Subject-wise Download Link

Below are the direct links to download the Maharashtra HSC syllabus PDF files. In addition, candidates can download Maharashtra HSC syllabus PDFs for reference and practice purposes.

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus Download Links
Subjects Links
Appendix Download
HSC Syllabus Download
Pattern Download
Scheme of subjects Download
English Download
Marathi Download
Gujarati Download
Hindi Download
Urdu Download
Kannada Download
Sindhi Download
Malayalam Download
Tamil Download
Telugu Download
All subjects Download

Maharashtra HSC New Syllabus 2023

The new Maharashtra HSC syllabus includes some of the compulsory subjects such as english, environmental education, health and physical education. Mentioned below are some of the details provided about the new syllabus that the student needs to follow. 

Chapters Page Numbers
(A) Compulsory Subjects
1. English  01
2. Environmental Education  07
3. Health and Physical Education  10
Modern Indian Languages
1. Marathi 16
2. Hindi 17
3. Gujarati 19
4. Urdu 22
5. Kannada 25
6. Tamil 27
7. Telugu 29
8. Malayalam 31
9. Sindhi 33
10. Bengali 35
11. Punjabi 38
Modern Foreign Languages
12. German 44
13. French 46
14. Russian 48
15. Japanese 50
Classical Languages
16. Sanskrit  56
17. Pali 58
18. Ardhamagadhi 60
19. Persian 63
20. Arabic 64
21. Avesta Pahlavi 66
(B) Elective Subjects
1. A Modern Indian Language  
2. A Modern Foreign Language  
3. A Classical Language  
4. Marathi Literature 68
5. Hindi Applied 70
6. English Literature 71
7. History 74
8. Geography 76
9. Mathematics and Statistics (For Arts and Science) 79
10. Mathematics and Statistics (For Commerce) 88
11. Geology 92
12. Political Science 98
13. Home Management 100
14. Food Science 102
15. Child Development 106
16. Textiles 109
17. Sociology 111
18. Logic 115
19. Philosophy 118
20. Psychology 120
21. Economics 124
22. Book Keeping and Accountancy 127
23. Organization of Commerce & Accountancy 135
24. Secretarial Practice 140
25. Co-operation 145
26. Physics 149
27. Chemistry 156
28. Biology 166
29. Drawing 175
30. Design and Color 177
31. Pictorial Composition 181
32. History of Art and Appreciation 183
33. History and Development of Indian Music 186
34. Vocal Light Music 190
35. Vocal Classical Music 195
36. Instrumental Music 200
37. Percussion Instruments 205
38. Agricultural Science 209
39. Animal Science 213
40. Defense Studies 219
41. Education 226
42. Occupational Orientation 229
43. Information Technology (Science) 237
46. Information Technology (Arts) 242
47. Information Technology (Commerce) 246
48. General Knowledge 250

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2023 for English 

Maharashtra HSC syllabus 2023 includes english and it is considered as a compulsory subject. The evaluation is done on student's reading, writing, and English grammar skills. The Grammar section comprises of given topics.

  • Tenses
  • Types of sentences
  • Clauses
  • Reported speech
  • Prepositions
  • Word formation
  • Infinitives
  • Gerunds and Participles
  • Linking words/discourse markers

Maharashtra HSC Subject-wise Weightage for English

The section-wise weightage for english is mentioned below which comprises of reading skills, grammar, writing skills, and oral test. Students can refer to the given chart to know the weightage each section carries.

Sections Weightage
Reading Skills (Textual and non-textual) 40%
Grammar 15%
Writing Skills 25%
Orla test 20%

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2023 Stream-wise Details

Maharashtra HSC syllabus 2023 consists of different subjects under three main streams:

  • Maharashtra HSC Science Stream
  • Maharashtra HSC Commerce Stream
  • Maharashtra HSC Arts Stream

Maharashtra HSC Science Subjects List

The list of subjects under the Maharashtra HSC Science stream are:

Maharashtra HSC Science Stream Subjects
Compulsory Subjects Elective Subjects
Modern Indian Language or Modern Foreign Language or Classical Language Mathematics and Statistics, Geology, Child Development, Textile, Psychology, Economics, Geography, Defence-Studies, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Agriculture Science and Technology, Animal Science and Technology, Sociology, Sanskrit, Education, Information Technology, English literature.
Health and Physical Education Elective Subjects
Environment Education

Maharashtra HSC Commerce Subjects List

The list of subjects under the Maharashtra HSC Commerce stream are:

Maharashtra HSC Commerce Stream Subjects
Compulsory Subjects Elective Subjects
Modern Indian Language or Modern Foreign Language or Classical Language Mathematics and statistics, Economics, Geography, Book-keeping and Accountancy, Organization of Commerce and Management, Mathematics and Statistics, Secretarial Practice, Co-operation, Occupational Orientation, Defense Studies, English Literature, Information Technology
Environment Education
Health and Physical Education Elective Subjects

Maharashtra HSC Arts Subjects List

The list of subjects under the Maharashtra HSC Arts stream is given below:

Maharashtra HSC Arts Stream Subjects
Compulsory Subjects Elective Subjects
Modern Indian Language or Modern Foreign Language or Classical Language A Modern Indian LanguageA Modern Foreign LanguageSanskritArdhamagadhiPaliArabicPersianAvesta-PahlaviHistoryGeographyMathematics and StatisticsPolitical ScienceChild DevelopmentTextileSociologyPhilosophyLogicPsychologyEconomicsDefense StudiesDrawingDesign and ColourCompositionHistory of Art & AppreciationHistory and Development of Indian MusicVocal Light Music (Practical I)Vocal Classical Music (Practical II)Instrumental Music (Practical III) orPercussionEuropean MusicHistorical Development of Indian Classical DanceBook-Keeping & AccountancyCo-operationInformation TechnologyEnglish Literature
Environment Education
Health and Physical Education Elective Subjects

Subjects and Chapters Under the Science Stream

The Maharashtra HSC science stream consists of mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology. Mentioned below are some of the details and chapters for each stream which studnets can refer. 

1. Maharashtra HSC Mathematics

The Mathematics syllabus consists of two parts. Topics in the first part include Mathematics logic, Matrics, Circles, Conics, Vectors, etc. Topics in the second part include Differentiation, Application of Definite Integral, Probability Distribution, Statistics, etc. The detailed Maharashtra HSC syllabus for mathematics is mentioned in the table below:

Maharashtra HSC Mathematics Syllabus
S.No Topic Name
Part I
1 Mathematics Logic
2 Matrics
3 Trigonometric Function
4 Pair of a straight line
5 Circle
6 Conics
7 Vectors
8 Three-dimensional geometry
9 Line
10 Plane
11 Linear Programming Problems
1 Continuity
2 Differentiation
3 Application of Derivatives
4 Integration
5 Application of Definite Integral
6 Differential Equation
7 Statistics
8 Probability Distribution
9 Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution

2. Maharashtra HSC Physics

Topics in the Physics syllabus include Circular Motion, Gravitation, Rotational Motion, Oscillations, Elasticity, etc. Maharashtra HSC syllabus for Physics consists of 20 units as mentioned below:

Maharashtra Board New Syllabus of 12th Science - Physics


Topic Name



Circular motion

Angular displacement, Angular velocity and angular acceleration, Relation between linear velocity and angular velocity, Uniform circular motion, Radial acceleration, Centripetal and centrifugal forces, Banking of roads, Vertical circular motion due to earth’s gravitation, Equation for velocity and energy at different positions of vertical circular motion. Kinematical equations for circular motion in analogy with linear motion.



Newton’s law of gravitation, Projection of a satellite, Periodic time, Statement of Kepler’s laws of motion, Binding energy and escape velocity of a satellite, Weightlessness condition in orbit, Variation of ‘g’ due to altitude, latitude, depth and motion, Communication satellite and its uses.


Rotational Motion

Definition of M.I., K.E. of the rotating body, Rolling motion, Physical significance of M.I., Radius of gyration, Torque, Principle of parallel and perpendicular axes, M.I. of some regular shaped bodies about specific axes, Angular momentum and its conservation.



Explanation of periodic motion, S.H.M., Differential equation of linear S.H.M. Projection of U.C.M. on any diameter, Phase of S.H.M., K.E. and P.E. in S.H.M., Composition of two S.H.M.’s having same period and along same line, Simple pendulum, Damped S.H.M.



General explanation of elastic property, Plasticity, Deformation, Definition of stress and strain, Hooke’s law, Poisson’s ratio, Elastic energy, Elastic constants and their relation, Determination of ‘Y’, Behaviour of metal wire under increasing load, Applications of elastic behaviour of materials.


Surface Tension

Surface tension on the basis of molecular theory, Surface energy, Surface tension, Angle of contact, Capillarity and capillary action, Effect of impurity and temperature on surface tension.


Wave Motion

Simple harmonic progressive waves, Reflection of transverse and longitudinal waves, Change of phase, Superposition of waves, Formation of beats, Doppler effect in sound.


Stationary waves

Study of vibrations in a finite medium, Formation of stationary waves on string, Study of vibrations of air columns, Free and Forced vibrations, Resonance.


Kinetic theory

Concept of an ideal gas, Assumptions of kinetic theory, Mean free path, Derivation for pressure of a gas, Degrees of freedom, Derivation of Boyle’s law, Thermodynamics- Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature, 1st law of thermodynamics, 2nd law of thermodynamics, Heat engines and refrigerators, Qualitative idea of black body radiation,Wein’s displacement law, Green house effect, Stefan’s law, Maxwell distribution, Law of equipartition of energy and application to Specific heat capacities of gases.


Wave theory

Wave theory of light, Huygens’ Principle, Construction of plane and spherical wave front, Wave front and wave normal, Reflection at plane surface, Refraction at plane surface, Polarisation, Polaroids, Plane polarised light, Brewster’s law, Doppler effect in light.


Interference and diffraction

Interference of light, Conditions for producing steady interference pattern, Young’s experiment, Analytical treatment of interference bands, Measurement of wavelength by biprism experiment, Diffraction due to single slit, Rayleigh’s criterion, Resolving power of a microscope and telescope, Difference between interference and diffraction.



Gauss’ theorem proof and applications, Mechanical force on unit area of a charged conductor, Energy density of a medium, Dielectrics and electric polarisation, Concept of condenser, Capacity of parallel plate condenser, Effect of dielectric on capacity, Energy of charged condenser, Condensers in series and parallel, van-deGraaff generator.


Current electricity

Kirchhoff’s law, Wheatstone’s bridge, Meter bridge, Potentiometer.


Magnetic effects of electric current

Ampere’s law and its applications, Moving coil galvanometer, Ammeter, Voltmeter, Sensitivity of moving coil galvanometer, Cyclotron.



Circular current loop as a magnetic dipole, Magnetic dipole moment of revolving electron, Magnetisation and magnetic intensity, Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism on the basis of domain theory, Curie temperature.


Electromagnetic inductions

Laws of electromagnetic induction, proof of, e = – dØ/dt Eddy currents, Self induction and mutual induction, Need for displacement current, Transformer, Coil rotating in uniform magnetic induction, Alternating currents, Reactance and impedance, LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only) Power in a.c circuit with resistance, inductance and capacitance, Resonant circuit, Wattless current, AC generator.


Electromagnetic inductions

Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, Einstein’s equation, Particle nature of light.


Atoms, Molecules, and Nuclei

Alpha particle scattering experiment, Rutherford’s model of atom. Bohr’s model, Hydrogen spectrum, Composition and size of nucleus, Radioactivity, Decay law, massenergy relation, mass defect, B.E. per nucleon and its variation with mass number, Nuclear fission and fusion, de Broglie hypothesis, Matter waves – wave nature of particles, Wavelength of an electron, Davisson and Germer experiment, Continuous and characteristics X-rays.



Energy bands in solids, Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, P-type and Ntype semiconductor, P-N junction diode, I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, Rectifiers, Zener diode as a voltage regulator, Photodiode, Solar cell, I-V characteristics of LED, Transistor action and its characteristics, Transistor as an amplifier (CE mode), Transistor as a switch, Oscillators and Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR).


Communication systems

Elements of communication system, the bandwidth of signals, the bandwidth of transmission medium, Need for modulation, Production and detection of amplitude modulated wave, space communication, Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere.

3. Maharashtra HSC Chemistry

The Maharashtra Board HSC syllabus for Chemistry consists of 16 units, as mentioned below. Topics under those units include Solid State, Solutions and colligative properties, Chemical Thermodynamics and energetic, Electrochemistry, p-Block Elements, d and f Block Elements, Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers, etc. Find the detailed syllabus in the table below.

Maharashtra Board New Syllabus of 12th Science - Chemistry
S.No Topic Name Subtopic


Solid State

Classification of solids, unit cell in 2 & 3-dimensional lattices, calculation of density, voids, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors, insulators and n-p type semiconductors.


Solutions and colligative properties

Types of solutions, concentration of solids in liquids, Raoult’s law elevation of boiling point, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, Van’t Hoff factor, etc


Chemical Thermodynamics and energetic

Work, heat, energy, First law of thermodynamics, Hess’ law of constant heat summation, extensive and intensive properties, enthalpy of bond dissociation, Second and third law of thermodynamics, etc



Kohlrausch’s Law, lead accumulator, dry cell –electrolytic and galvanic cells, EMF, fuel cells, Nernst equation


Chemical Kinetics

Activation energy, rate law and specific rate constant, Arrhenius equation, concept of collision theory, etc


General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

Principles and methods of extraction, reduction electrolytic method and refining


p-Block Elements

Group 15 elements, Group 16 elements, Classification of oxides, Group 17 elements, Group 18 elements, etc.


d and f Block Elements

Lanthanoids, Actinoids, first row transition metals, interstitial compounds, alloy formation


Coordination Compounds

IUPAC nomenclature, Werner’s theory, coordination number, magnetic properties, VBT, CFT. isomerism,


Halogen derivatives of alkanes (and arenas)

Haloalkanes, Haloarenes, stability of carbocations, d-l and R-S configurations.


Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers

Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, methods of preparation, etc


Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, methods of preparation, etc


Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

Amines, Diazonium salts, Cyanides and isocyanides, etc



Carbohydrates, Proteins, Vitamins, Nucleic acids, etc



Classification, methods of polymerization, copolymerization, polythene, bakelite, nylon, polyesters, and rubber, Biodegradable, non-biodegradable polymers.


Chemistry in Everyday life

 Chemicals in medicines, Chemicals in food, Cleansing agents

4. Maharashtra HSC Biology

Maharashtra Board HSC syllabus for Biology consists of two sections - Botany and Zoology. There are 6 units in both sections. The units and the sub-topics under them are mentioned in the table below:

Maharashtra Board New Syllabus of 12th Science - Biology


Topic Name


Unit 1- Genetics and Evolution


Genetic Basis of Inheritance 


Gene: its nature, expression, and regulation

Unit 2 - Biotechnology and its application


Biotechnology: Process and Application

Unit 3 - Biology and Human Welfare


Enhancement in Food Production


Microbes in Human Welfare

Unit 4 - Plant Physiology





Unit 5 - Reproduction in Organisms


Reproduction in Plants

Unit 6 - Ecology and Environment


Organisms and Environment -I

SECTION II - Zoology

Unit 1 - Genetics and Evolution


Origin and the Evolution of Life


Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance

Unit 2 - Biotechnology and its application


Genetic Engineering and Genomics

Unit 3 - Biology and Human Welfare


Human Health and Diseases


Animal Husbandry

Unit 4 - Human Physiology 




Excretion and osmoregulation


Control and Co-ordination

Unit 5 - Reproduction in Organisms 


Human Reproduction

Unit 6 - Ecology and Environment 


Organisms and Environment-II

Subjects and Chapters Under the Arts Stream

The Maharashtra HSC syllabus consists of arts stream and mentioned below are some of the important details that the student needs to consider while preparing for the board exams. 

Maharashtra HSC Political Science

Some of the important syllabus for political science that the students need to consider are mentioned below. 

Part 1-Indian Constitution: Characteristics

1. Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties.

2. Legislature: Parliament. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Lawmaking process, Amendment procedure State legislature: Vidhan Sabha, Vidhan Parishad

3. Executive: President – Election, Power and Functions Vice President – Election, Power and Functions Prime Minister and Council of Ministers – Election.

Part 2- Politics in India

6. Patterns of Party Competition

  • One-party dominant system
  • Towards multi-party system

7. Political and Social Movements

  • Nature of social movement
  • Role of movements in a democratic system
  • Examples of movements, etc.

Maharashtra HSC Sociology

Some of the important chapter of sociology are given below. 

  1. Formation of Indian Society
  2. Segments of Indian Society
  3. Social Institutions in India
  4. Major Social Problems in India
  5. National Integration
  6. Social Change in India
  7. Social reformers in India
  8. Globalization and Mass Media

Maharashtra HSC Exam Pattern 2023

The Maharashtra HSC exam pattern consists of some of the important details which students need to consider. 

  • The students are required to take two languages as compulsory subjects. 
  • The different questions asked in the exam will cover the syllabus of Class 12 Maharashtra board 2022 of the respective subject.
  • The minimum passing percentile for each subject is 35.
  • The Maharashtra 12th exam will be held for 100 marks, wherein 80 marks are allotted for theory and 20 marks for practicals/oral/project.
  • A few subjects such as Geology, Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Agriculture science and technology and animal science and technology, for which exams are held for 70 marks and practical/oral/project are conducted for 30 marks. 

How to Prepare for Maharashtra HSC Exam?

Students can follow the tips given below while preparing for the Maharashtra HSC exam:

  • Students should cover all topics in the prescribed Maharashtra HSC syllabus.
  • Each topic should be addressed.
  • Students should make a proper study timetable.
  • They must dedicate a reasonable amount of time to revision and breaks.
  • Students should solve Maharashtra HSC's previous years' question papers as much as possible.
  • Sample papers help candidates gain confidence and track their performance.
  • Consult with teachers and friends to resolve doubts instantly.

Also Read: Maharashtra HSC Preparation Tips


What are the compulsory subjects for the Maharashtra HSC exam?

What are the major streams for the Maharashtra HSC exam?

From where can the students download the Maharashtra HSC syllabus?

Do the student needs to take a printout of the Maharashtra HSC syllabus?

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