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GSEB HSC/12th Syllabus 2021

Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board (GSEB) released the GSEB HSC syllabus for the students on its official website. The board had reduced the syllabus to 30% and made changes in the exam pattern. According to the revised exam format, 50% of marks will be for the OMR answers, and 50% will be for descriptive questions, whereas, for the general stream, the objective questions will carry 30% marks.

Candidates can download the GSEB HSC/12th syllabus of Science/Commerce/Arts from the official website, and the same is available below on our page. Gujarat board syllabus will help candidates to know the important topics along with the weight of marks. The board provides the marking scheme for each subject, which will help candidates understand the question paper pattern for the GSEB HSC exam 2021.

Table of Contents

Gujarat Board HSC/12th Syllabus 2021 (Stream-Wise)

GSEB syllabus for class 12th comprises three major streams: Arts, Commerce and Science. The board releases the GSEB syllabus in both Gujarati and English medium.

The science stream teaches the areas related to medical, engineering, and other professional fields, whereas the commerce stream focuses on business-related topics, commerce, trade, and financial matters. Unlike science and commerce, the humanities/arts stream covers vast areas of study, and the subjects include languages like political science, psychology, sociology, and more. The syllabus is provided for the students to prepare well for the exam.

Kindly go through the following table to better understand the core subjects in each stream. The following sections cover the detailed syllabus topics according to the streams. Candidates can also download the syllabus PDF files from the sections below.

Stream

Major Subjects

Science

Physics

Chemistry

Mathematics

Biology

English

Computer Science

Commerce

Accountancy

Business Studies

Economics

Mathematics

English

Humanities/Arts

History

Geography

Political Science

English

Psychology

Sociology

GSEB HSC Science Syllabus

The science stream's core subjects are physics, chemistry, mathematics and biology. English is a compulsory subject, and there are many other optional language subjects. Please go through the detailed syllabus given below.

GSEB 12th Physics Syllabus 

Students can go through the following table to get an idea about the units, chapters, and sub-topics included in GSEB 12th Physics syllabus.

Units

Electric charges and fields

Alternating current

Electrostatic potential and capacitance

Electromagnetic waves

Current electricity

Ray optics and optical instruments

Moving charges and magnetism

Wave optics

Magnetism and Matter

Dual nature of radiation and matter

Electromagnetic induction

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GSEB 12th Chemistry Syllabus

Find below the GSEB class 12th Chemistry syllabus for the 2020-2021 academic year. 

Unit No.

Title

1

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

2

Structure of Atom

3

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

4

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

5

States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

6

Chemical Thermodynamics

7

Equilibrium

8

Redox Reactions

9

Hydrogen

10

s -Block Elements

11

Some p -Block Elements

12

Organic Chemistry: Some Basic Principles and Techniques

13

Hydrocarbons

GSEB 12th Biology Syllabus

The topics for class 12th Biology consist of reproduction, genetics, evolution, etc. The detailed syllabus is given below, in which the marking scheme is also available. 

Unit No.

Title

1

Physiology of Plants

2

Physiology of Animals

3

Reproduction, Growth, and Development

4

Ecology and Enviroment

5

Biology and Human Welfare

GSEB 12th Mathematics Syllabus

GSEB 12th Mathematics consists of six units. The following table below shows the marks distribution for the respective units. 

Unit No.

Unit Name

1

Relations and Functions

2

Algebra

3

Calculus

4

Vectors and Three – Dimensional Geometry

5

Linear Programming

6

Probability

GSEB HSC Commerce Syllabus

Economics, Business Studies, and Accountancy are the core subjects of the Commerce stream. However, English is a compulsory subject similar to that of the other two streams.

GSEB 12th Accountancy Syllabus

GSEB 12th Accountancy syllabus consists of all the founding principles of accounting and its real-time applications. Go through the following table to learn more about the syllabus topics.

Unit No.

Unit Name

1

Partnership Accounts

2

Reconstruction of Partnership

3

Dissolution of Partnership Firm

4

Share Capital Transaction

5

Accounting for Debentures

6

Analysis of Financial Statements

7

Deshi Nama System

GSEB 12th Economics Syllabus

GSEB class 12th Economics is a subject with a wide range of applications in people's daily lives. Class 12th Economics consists of an advanced version of the concepts learned in class 11th.

 Units

Graph in Economics

Population

Indicators of Growth and Development

Agriculture Sector

Money and Inflation

Foreign Trade

Banking and Monetary Policy

Industrial Sector

Poverty

Emerging Issues in Indian Economy

Unemployment

GSEB 12th Business Studies Syllabus

The following is the syllabus of Business Studies subject for the current academic year given below.

Unit No.

Unit Name

Part A

Principles and Functions of Management 

1.

Nature and Significance of Management

2.

Principles of Management

3.

Business Environment

4.

Planning

5.

Organising

6.

Staffing

7.

Directing

8.

Controlling

Part B

Business Finance and Marketing

9.

Financial Management

10.

Financial Markets

11.

Marketing Management

12.

Consumer Protection

Part C

Project Work (One)

GSEB HSC Humanities Syllabus

Humanities/Arts is a vast stream compared to the other two. The primary subjects taught in the stream are History, Political Science, Geography, and more. The following section contains the detailed classification of the major subjects in the Humanities/Arts stream.

GSEB 12th Political Science Syllabus

The following table contains the topics that comprise the updated GSEB 12th Political Science syllabus.

Chapters

Nature of party system in India

Peace and Development

Elections in India

India and the World

Indian Democracy: Challenges and Response

United Nations

Development and Democracy

Environment and World Politics

GSEB 12th Geography Syllabus

The following table shows the topics included in GSEB 12th Geography.

Units

Human Geography: An introduction

Human Settlements

Population

Natural Resources

Primary and Secondary Activities of Mankind

Global Problems: In geographical perspective

Transport

Data Sources and its compilation,

Communication

Presentation of Statistical Data

Trade

Data Analysis and Mapmaking using Computer

GSEB 12th Sociology Syllabus

Find the topics included in the GSEB 12th sociology below.

Unit No.

Unit Name

 Part A - Indian Society 

1

The Demographic Structure of Indian Society

2

Social Institutions: Continuity and Change

3

Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion

4

The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

 Part B - Social Change and Development in India 

5

Structural Change

6

Cultural Change

7

Change and Development in Rural Society

8

Change and Development in Industrial Society

9

Social Movements

Download GSEB HSC/12th Syllabus 2021 PDF

Candidates can download the GSEB class 12th syllabus in PDF file format. GSEB uploads the syllabus files for the board exams on its official website. However, candidates can find the direct links to download the syllabus in the following table.

Subject Name

Download Link

Mathematics

Click Here

Political Science

Click Here

Psychology

Click Here

Accountancy

Click Here

Biotechnology

Click Here

Biology 

Click Here

Computer Science

Click Here

Economics

Click Here

English Elective

Click Here

Entrepreneurship

Click Here

Geography

Click Here

History

Click Here

Fashion Studies

Click Here

Home Science

Click Here

Passing Criteria for GSEB HSC/12th Syllabus 2021

As per the Gujarat board guidelines, a candidate needs to obtain a minimum of 33% marks in theory and 33% marks in practical/internal examination to pass in class 12th final exams. A candidate must also achieve 33% marks in aggregate in all the subjects. Below are the detailed passing criteria for GSEB 12th board exams:

  • A candidate receives the pass certificate if they acquire a grade higher than an 'E' in all internal assessment subjects.

  • A candidate shall obtain at least 33% marks in all the five external examination subjects (main/compartmental).

  • For subjects involving practical work, a candidate must obtain 33% marks in theory and 33% marks in practical separately to qualify.

  • Candidates exempted from one or more internal examinations will be eligible to appear in the external exams. However, the result shall be declared only after the fulfilment of other conditions.
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