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AP Board Intermediate Syllabus 2021

BIEAP offers courses for two classes, i.e., class 11th and class 12th, also known as Intermediate first and second year. BIEAP has published the syllabus for all the subjects for the academic year 2021. Due to COVID-19, the AP board has decided to reduce the syllabus to 30%. Students can access their syllabus on the official website of BIEAP - bie.ap.gov.in, or candidates can also find the syllabus PDF for all the subjects from the following sections.

⭐AP Intermediate Board 2021 ⭐ AP Intermediate Time Table 2021 ⭐ AP Intermediate Results 2021
 
Table of Contents

AP 12th/Intermediate Syllabus 2021 (Stream-Wise)

AP class 12th comprises three major streams: Science, Language, and Humanities/Arts. These three streams are classified based on the core subjects.

The science stream teaches the areas related to medical, engineering, and other professional fields, whereas the arts stream focuses on business-related topics, commerce, trade, and financial matters. Unlike science and commerce, the language stream is more concerned with the languages taught.

The following sections cover the detailed syllabus topics according to the streams. Candidates can also download the syllabus PDF files from the sections below.

AP Inter-Science Syllabus 2021

The core subjects of the science stream are physics, chemistry, mathematics, zoology, and botany. Please go through the detailed syllabus given below:

AP 12th Mathematics II B Syllabus 2021

Students can go through the following table to get an idea about the units/chapters and sub-topics included in the AP 12th Mathematics syllabus:

Chapters

Important Topics

01. Complex Numbers

Complex numbers as an ordered pair of real numbers- fundamental operations, Geometrical and Polar Representation of complex numbers in Argand plane- Argand diagram, etc.

02. De Moivre’s Theorem

De Moivre’s theorem- Integral and Rational indices, nth roots of unity- Geometrical Interpretations – Illustrations, etc.

03. Quadratic Expressions

Quadratic expressions, equations in one variable, Quadratic inequations, etc.

04. Theory of Equations

The relation between the roots and coefficients in an equation, Solving the equations when two or more roots of it are connected by certain relation, Transformation of equations - Reciprocal Equations, etc.

05. Permutations and Combinations

Fundamental Principle of counting - linear and circular permutations, Permutations with constraint repetitions, etc.

06. Binomial Theorem

Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, Approximations using Binomial theorem, etc.

07. Partial fractions

Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains non –repeated linear factors, Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains irreducible factors, etc.

08. Measures of Dispersion

Range, Mean deviation, Variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data, etc.

09. Probability

Random experiments and events, Axiomatic approach and addition theorem of probability, etc.

10. Random Variables and Probability Distributions

Random Variables, Theoretical discrete distributions – Binomial and Poisson Distributions, etc.

AP 12th Physics Syllabus 2021

Students can go through the following table to get an idea about the chapters important-topics included in the AP 12th Physics syllabus:

Chapters

Important Topics

Chapter 1 - WAVES

Transverse and longitudinal waves, Displacement relation in a progressive wave, The speed of a traveling wave, The principle of superposition of waves, Reflection of waves, Beats, Doppler effect, etc.

Chapter 2 - RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors, Refraction, Total Internal Reflection, Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses, Refraction through a Prism, Dispersion by a Prism, Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight, Optical Instruments, etc.

Chapter 3 - WAVE OPTICS

Huygens Principle, Refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens, Principle, Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves, Interference of Light Waves and Young’s Experiment, Diffraction, Polarisation, etc.

Chapter 4 - ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS

Electric Charges, Conductors and Insulators, Charging by Induction, Basic Properties of Electric Charge, Coulomb’s Law, Forces between Multiple Charges, Dipole in a Uniform External Field, Continuous Charge Distribution, Gauss’s Law, Application of Gauss’s Law, etc.

Chapter 5 - ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE

Electrostatic Potential, Potential due to a Point Charge, Potential due to an Electric Dipole, Potential due to a System of Charges, Equipotential Surfaces, Potential Energy of a System of Charges, The Parallel Plate Capacitor, Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance, Combination of Capacitors, Energy Stored in a Capacitor, Van de Graaff Generator, etc. Potential Energy in an External Field, etc.

Chapter 6 - CURRENT ELECTRICITY

Electric Current, Electric Currents in Conductor, Ohm’s law, Temperature Dependence of Resistivity, Electrical Energy, Power Combination of Resistors - Series and Parallel Cells, emf, Internal Resistance, Cells in Series and Parallel, Kirchhoff’s Laws, Wheatstone Bridge, Meter Bridge, Potentiometer, etc.

Chapter 7 - MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM

Magnetic Force, Motion in a Magnetic Field, Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields, Magnetic Field due to a Current, Element, Biot-Savart Law, Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop, Torque on Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole, The Moving Coil Galvanometer, etc.

Chapter 8 - MAGNETISM AND MATTER

The Bar Magnet, Magnetism and Gauss’s Law, The Earth’s Magnetism, Magnetisation, and Magnetic Intensity, Magnetic Properties of Materials, Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets, etc.

Chapter 9 - ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION

The Experiments of Faraday and Henry, Magnetic Flux, Faraday’s, Law of Induction, Lenz’s Law and Conservation of Energy, Inductance, AC Generator, etc.

Chapter 10 - ALTERNATING CURRENT

AC Voltage Applied to a Resistor, Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors - Phasors, AC Voltage Applied to an Inductor, AC Voltage Applied to a Capacitor, AC Voltage Applied to a Series LCR Circuit, Power in AC Circuit: The Power Factor, LC Oscillations, Transformers, etc.

Chapter 11 - ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

Displacement Current, Electromagnetic Waves, Electromagnetic Spectrum, etc.

Chapter 12 - DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER

Electron Emission, Photoelectric Effect, Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect, Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light, Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of

Radiation, Particle Nature of Light: The Photon Wave Nature of Matter, Davisson and Germer Experiment, etc.

Chapter 13 - ATOMS

Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model

of Atom, Atomic Spectra, Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom, The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom, DE Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Second Postulate of Quantisation, etc.

Chapter 14 - NUCLEI

Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus, Size of the Nucleus, Mass-Energy and Nuclear Binding Energy, Nuclear Force, Radioactivity, Nuclear Energy, etc.

Chapter 15 - SEMICONDUCTOR ELECTRONICS: MATERIALS, DEVICES AND SIMPLE CIRCUITS

Classification of Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors, Intrinsic Semiconductor, Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier, Special Purpose p-n Junction Diodes, Junction Transistor, Digital Electronics, and Logic Gates, Integrated Circuits, etc.

Chapter 16 - COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Elements of a Communication System, Basic Terminology Used in Electronic Communication System, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission Medium, Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves, Modulation and its Necessity, Amplitude Modulation, etc.

AP 12th Chemistry Syllabus 2021

Students can go through the following table to get an idea about the chapters important-topics included in the AP 12th Chemistry syllabus:

Chapters

Important Topics

Chapter 1: SOLID STATE

General characteristics of solid-state, Amorphous and

crystalline solids, Classification of crystalline solids based on

different binding forces (molecular, ionic, metallic, and covalent

solids), Imperfections in solids-types of point

defects-stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric defects,

Electrical properties-conduction of electricity in metals, etc.

Chapter 2: SOLUTIONS

Types of solutions, Expressing concentration of solutions mass percentage, volume percentage, mass by volume percentage, parts per million, Abnormal molar masses-van’t Hoff factor, etc.

Chapter 3: ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS

ELECTROCHEMISTRY

Electrochemical cells, Galvanic cells: measurement of

electrode potentials, Nernst equation-equilibrium constant from

Nernst equation- electrochemical cell and Gibbs energy of the cell

reaction, Corrosion of metals-Hydrogen economy, etc.

Chapter 4: SURFACE CHEMISTRY

Adsorption and absorption, mechanism of adsorption-types of adsorption characteristics of physisorption - adsorption from solution phase applications of adsorption, Emulsions, etc.

Chapter 5: GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF METALLURGY

The occurrence of metals, magnetic separation, froth floatation, leaching,

Extraction of crude metal from concentrated ore-conversion to

oxide, Uses of aluminum, copper, zinc, and iron, etc.

Chapter 6: p-BLOCK ELEMENTS

GROUP-15 ELEMENTS

Occurrence- electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii,

ionization energy, electronegativity, physical and chemical

properties, Phosphorus halides, etc.

GROUP-16 ELEMENTS

Occurrence- electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii,

ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy,

electronegativity, physical and chemical properties,

Dioxygen-preparation, etc.

GROUP-17 ELEMENTS

Occurrence, electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii,

ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, physical and chemical properties, etc.

GROUP-18 ELEMENTS

Occurrence, electronic configuration, ionization

enthalpy, atomic radii electron gain enthalpy, Xenon-oxygen, compounds XeO3 and XeOF4 - their formation and structures, etc.

Chapter 7: d AND f BLOCK ELEMENTS & COORDINATION COMPOUNDS d AND f BLOCK ELEMENTS

Actinides-electronic configuration atomic and

ionic sizes, oxidation states, general characteristics and

comparison with a lanthanide, Some important compounds of transition elements-oxides

and oxoanions of metals-preparation and properties of

potassium dichromate and potassium permanganate-structures

of chromate, dichromate, etc. COORDINATION COMPOUNDS: Structural isomerism linkage, coordination, ionization and solvate isomerism, bonding in coordination compounds, etc.

Chapter 8: POLYMERS

Types of polymerization reactions addition polymerization or chain growth polymerization-ionic

polymerization, free radical mechanism-preparation of addition

polymers-polythene, Teflon, Polymers of commercial importance polypropene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride(PVC), urea-formaldehyde resin, etc.

Chapter 9: BIOMOLECULES

Enzymes: Enzymes, mechanism of enzyme action, Hormones: Definition, different

types of hormones, their production, biological activity, diseases

due to their abnormal activities, etc.

Chapter 10: CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE

Chemicals in food artificial sweetening agents, food preservatives, Drug-enzyme

interaction Receptors as drug targets, Cleansing agents-soaps, and synthetic detergents, etc.

Chapter 11:

HALOALKANES AND HALOARENES

Classification and nomenclature, Nature of C-X bond, by the addition of hydrogen halides and halogens to alkenes-by halogen

exchange, triiodomethane, tetrachloro

methane, freons, and DDT, etc.

Chapter 12: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING C, H, AND O (Alcohols, Phenols, Ethers, Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic acids)

ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS, AND ETHERS:

Alcohols, phenols, and ethers -classification,

Nomenclature: (a)Alcohols, (b)phenols and (c)ethers,

Structures of hydroxy and ether functional groups,

Methods of preparation, Cleavage of C-O bond and

electrophilic substitution of aromatic ethers, etc.

ALDEHYDES AND KETONES:

Nomenclature and structure of carbonyl group, Preparation of aldehydes and ketones-(1) by oxidation of

alcohol, etc.

CARBOXYLIC ACIDS: Nomenclature and structure of carboxyl group, Methods of preparation of carboxylic acids, Reactions involving -COOH group-reduction, decarboxylation, Uses of carboxylic acids, etc.

Chapter 13: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

CONTAINING NITROGEN

AMINES: Structure of amines, Classification, Nomenclature,

Preparation of amines: reduction of nitro compounds,

ammonolysis of alkyl halides, reduction of nitriles, reduction of

amides, Gabriel phthalimide synthesis and Hoffmann bromamide

degradation reaction, Physical properties

DIAZONIUM SALTS:

Methods of preparation of diazonium salts (by diazotization),

Physical properties, Chemical reactions: Reactions involving the displacement of nitrogen, reactions involving retention of the diazo group

CYANIDES AND ISOCYANIDES:

Structure and nomenclature of cyanides and isocyanides, etc.

AP Inter Arts Syllabus 2021

Humanities/Arts is a vast stream compared to the others. The primary subjects taught in the stream are History, Commerce, Economics, Accountancy, and many more. The following section contains the detailed classification of the major subjects in the Arts stream:

AP 12th Economics Syllabus 2021

The following detailed syllabus will help candidates understand the important topics for different units:

Chapters

Important Topics

Chapter 1: Economic Growth and Development

Economic growth, Economic Development, Differences Between Economic Growth and Development, etc.

Chapter 2: Population and Human Resources Development

World Population, Causes of the rapid growth of population in India, Occupational distribution of the population of India, Meaning of Human Resources Development, etc.

Chapter 3: National Income

Income Inequalities, Causes of Income Inequalities, Measures to control income inequalities, Unemployment in India, etc.

Chapter 4: Agriculture Sector

Cropping pattern in India, Organic Farming, Irrigation facilities in India, Productivity of agriculture, Landholdings in India, etc.

Chapter 5: Industrial Sector

National Manufacturing Policy, Disinvestment, National Investment Fund (NIF), Foreign Direct Investment, Special Economic Zones, etc.

Chapter 6: Tertiary Sector

Tourism, Banking, and Insurance, Communication, Science and Technology, etc.

Chapter 7: Planning And Economic Reforms

Regional Imbalances, Role of Trade in Economic Development, Economic Reforms in India, GATT, etc.

Chapter 8: Environment and Sustainable Economic Development

Environment, Economic Development, Environment, and Economic Linkages, etc.

Chapter 9: Economy Of Andhra Pradesh

Education, Environment, Agricultural sector, Industrial sector, etc.

Chapter 10: Economic Statistics

Methods of Studying Variation, Measures of Dispersion for average, Lorenz Curve, Correlation, etc.

AP Inter Language Syllabus 2021

AP inter languages consists of mainly English, Telugu, Hindi, and many more. Following is a list of the important topics under various subjects:

AP 12th English Syllabus 2021

English is a compulsory subject for all streams of AP class 12th. In the following table, you can find essential information on AP 12th syllabus 2021 topics:

Unit

Important Topics

Prose

1.Respond Instead of Reacting by Azim Premji

2. How to Live to be 200 by Stephen Leacock

3.Albert Einstein at School by Patrick Pringle

4. Eight Cousins or One Brother? By D.Balasubramanian

5. Spoon-Feeding by W.R.Inge

6. Mother’s Day: One-Act play by J.B.Priestley

Poetry

1. Equipment by Edgar Albert Guest

2. The Giving Tree by Shel Silverstein

3. Human Family by Maya Angelou

4. Bull in the City by Sri (Translated by Velcheru Narayana Rao)

5. Harvest Hymn by John Betjeman

Non-Detailed Text

1. Animal Farm (an abridged version) by George Orwell

Study skills and communication skills

1. Conversation Practice

2. Vocabulary

3. Reading Comprehension

4. Interpretation of Non-Verbal Information

5. The Language of Advertisements

6. Letter Writing

7. Note Making

8. Word Stress

9. Describing a Process

10. Completing a Form

11.Curriculum Vitae

English: Part II

Prose

1. Playing the English Gentleman - M.K. Gandhi

2. The Bet - Anton Chekov

3. The Mad Tea Party - Lewis Carrol

4. On Smilies - A.G. Gardiner

5. The Prize Poem Sir P. G. Wodehouse

6. Sale - Anita Desai

7. Riders to the Sea - J.M. Synge

Poetry

1. Ulysses - Alfred Lord Tennyson

2. The Second Coming - W.B. Yeats

3. The Unknown Citizen - W.H. Auden

4. To the Indians who Died in South Africa -T.S. Eliot

5. The Night of the Scorpion - Nissim Ezekiel

6. Rakhi - Vikram Seth

7. Telephone Conversation - Wole Soyinka

Non-Detailed Text

Julius Caesar - Shakespeare Orient Longman Edition

Following are the direct links to the syllabus of the different streams for students to download and prepare accordingly:

Science Stream

Find below the syllabus 2021 released by the AP board for the students of the Science stream:

Arts Stream

Find below the syllabus 2021 released by the AP board for the students of the Arts stream to download:

 

Language Stream

Find below the syllabus 2021 released by the AP board for the students of Language stream:

 

How to Download AP Intermediate Syllabus 2021?

Follow the steps below to download the AP Intermediate syllabus 2021:

Step 1: Visit the BIEAP's official website - bie.ap.gov.in

Step 2: Select the 'Syllabus' option in the main menu bar. AP 12th Syllabus 2021

Step 3: Select the required stream to view the syllabus PDF for particular subjects.

AP Inter Syllabus 2021

Step 4: Download and save the PDFs for further reference.

AP Intermediate Board Exam 2021 Preparation Tips

The following are the preparation tips for the students of different streams to refer to:

  • Science: Subjects that are practical and are all interlinked. Candidates should understand the concepts and remember the formulas.

  • Arts: Subjects in the arts stream are all theoretical. Candidates should study them in comparison with real-life examples.

  • Language: The English Language is a compulsory subject. Other languages include Telugu, Hindi, etc.

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