# AP Board Intermediate Syllabus 2021

BIEAP offers courses for two classes, i.e., class 11th and class 12th, also known as Intermediate first and second year. BIEAP has published the syllabus for all the subjects for the academic year 2021. Due to COVID-19, the AP board has decided to reduce the syllabus to 30%. Students can access their syllabus on the official website of BIEAP - bie.ap.gov.in, or candidates can also find the syllabus PDF for all the subjects from the following sections.

 â­AP Intermediate Board 2021 â­ AP Intermediate Time Table 2021 â­ AP Intermediate Results 2021

## AP 12th/Intermediate Syllabus 2021 (Stream-Wise)

AP class 12th comprises three major streams: Science, Language, and Humanities/Arts. These three streams are classified based on the core subjects.

The science stream teaches the areas related to medical, engineering, and other professional fields, whereas the arts stream focuses on business-related topics, commerce, trade, and financial matters. Unlike science and commerce, the language stream is more concerned with the languages taught.

The following sections cover the detailed syllabus topics according to the streams. Candidates can also download the syllabus PDF files from the sections below.

### AP Inter-Science Syllabus 2021

The core subjects of the science stream are physics, chemistry, mathematics, zoology, and botany. Please go through the detailed syllabus given below:

#### AP 12th Mathematics II B Syllabus 2021

Students can go through the following table to get an idea about the units/chapters and sub-topics included in the AP 12th Mathematics syllabus:

 Chapters Important Topics 01. Complex Numbers Complex numbers as an ordered pair of real numbers- fundamental operations, Geometrical and Polar Representation of complex numbers in Argand plane- Argand diagram, etc. 02. De Moivre’s Theorem De Moivre’s theorem- Integral and Rational indices, nth roots of unity- Geometrical Interpretations – Illustrations, etc. 03. Quadratic Expressions Quadratic expressions, equations in one variable, Quadratic inequations, etc. 04. Theory of Equations The relation between the roots and coefficients in an equation, Solving the equations when two or more roots of it are connected by certain relation, Transformation of equations - Reciprocal Equations, etc. 05. Permutations and Combinations Fundamental Principle of counting - linear and circular permutations, Permutations with constraint repetitions, etc. 06. Binomial Theorem Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, Approximations using Binomial theorem, etc. 07. Partial fractions Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains non –repeated linear factors, Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains irreducible factors, etc. 08. Measures of Dispersion Range, Mean deviation, Variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data, etc. 09. Probability Random experiments and events, Axiomatic approach and addition theorem of probability, etc. 10. Random Variables and Probability Distributions Random Variables, Theoretical discrete distributions – Binomial and Poisson Distributions, etc.

#### AP 12th Physics Syllabus 2021

Students can go through the following table to get an idea about the chapters important-topics included in the AP 12th Physics syllabus:

 Chapters Important Topics Chapter 1 - WAVES Transverse and longitudinal waves, Displacement relation in a progressive wave, The speed of a traveling wave, The principle of superposition of waves, Reflection of waves, Beats, Doppler effect, etc. Chapter 2 - RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors, Refraction, Total Internal Reflection, Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses, Refraction through a Prism, Dispersion by a Prism, Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight, Optical Instruments, etc. Chapter 3 - WAVE OPTICS Huygens Principle, Refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens, Principle, Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves, Interference of Light Waves and Young’s Experiment, Diffraction, Polarisation, etc. Chapter 4 - ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS Electric Charges, Conductors and Insulators, Charging by Induction, Basic Properties of Electric Charge, Coulomb’s Law, Forces between Multiple Charges, Dipole in a Uniform External Field, Continuous Charge Distribution, Gauss’s Law, Application of Gauss’s Law, etc. Chapter 5 - ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE Electrostatic Potential, Potential due to a Point Charge, Potential due to an Electric Dipole, Potential due to a System of Charges, Equipotential Surfaces, Potential Energy of a System of Charges, The Parallel Plate Capacitor, Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance, Combination of Capacitors, Energy Stored in a Capacitor, Van de Graaff Generator, etc. Potential Energy in an External Field, etc. Chapter 6 - CURRENT ELECTRICITY Electric Current, Electric Currents in Conductor, Ohm’s law, Temperature Dependence of Resistivity, Electrical Energy, Power Combination of Resistors - Series and Parallel Cells, emf, Internal Resistance, Cells in Series and Parallel, Kirchhoff’s Laws, Wheatstone Bridge, Meter Bridge, Potentiometer, etc. Chapter 7 - MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM Magnetic Force, Motion in a Magnetic Field, Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields, Magnetic Field due to a Current, Element, Biot-Savart Law, Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop, Torque on Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole, The Moving Coil Galvanometer, etc. Chapter 8 - MAGNETISM AND MATTER The Bar Magnet, Magnetism and Gauss’s Law, The Earth’s Magnetism, Magnetisation, and Magnetic Intensity, Magnetic Properties of Materials, Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets, etc. Chapter 9 - ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION The Experiments of Faraday and Henry, Magnetic Flux, Faraday’s, Law of Induction, Lenz’s Law and Conservation of Energy, Inductance, AC Generator, etc. Chapter 10 - ALTERNATING CURRENT AC Voltage Applied to a Resistor, Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors - Phasors, AC Voltage Applied to an Inductor, AC Voltage Applied to a Capacitor, AC Voltage Applied to a Series LCR Circuit, Power in AC Circuit: The Power Factor, LC Oscillations, Transformers, etc. Chapter 11 - ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES Displacement Current, Electromagnetic Waves, Electromagnetic Spectrum, etc. Chapter 12 - DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER Electron Emission, Photoelectric Effect, Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect, Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light, Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation, Particle Nature of Light: The Photon Wave Nature of Matter, Davisson and Germer Experiment, etc. Chapter 13 - ATOMS Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom, Atomic Spectra, Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom, The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom, DE Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Second Postulate of Quantisation, etc. Chapter 14 - NUCLEI Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus, Size of the Nucleus, Mass-Energy and Nuclear Binding Energy, Nuclear Force, Radioactivity, Nuclear Energy, etc. Chapter 15 - SEMICONDUCTOR ELECTRONICS: MATERIALS, DEVICES AND SIMPLE CIRCUITS Classification of Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors, Intrinsic Semiconductor, Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier, Special Purpose p-n Junction Diodes, Junction Transistor, Digital Electronics, and Logic Gates, Integrated Circuits, etc. Chapter 16 - COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Elements of a Communication System, Basic Terminology Used in Electronic Communication System, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission Medium, Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves, Modulation and its Necessity, Amplitude Modulation, etc.

#### AP 12th Chemistry Syllabus 2021

Students can go through the following table to get an idea about the chapters important-topics included in the AP 12th Chemistry syllabus:

### AP Inter Arts Syllabus 2021

Humanities/Arts is a vast stream compared to the others. The primary subjects taught in the stream are History, Commerce, Economics, Accountancy, and many more. The following section contains the detailed classification of the major subjects in the Arts stream:

#### AP 12th Economics Syllabus 2021

The following detailed syllabus will help candidates understand the important topics for different units:

 Chapters Important Topics Chapter 1: Economic Growth and Development Economic growth, Economic Development, Differences Between Economic Growth and Development, etc. Chapter 2: Population and Human Resources Development World Population, Causes of the rapid growth of population in India, Occupational distribution of the population of India, Meaning of Human Resources Development, etc. Chapter 3: National Income Income Inequalities, Causes of Income Inequalities, Measures to control income inequalities, Unemployment in India, etc. Chapter 4: Agriculture Sector Cropping pattern in India, Organic Farming, Irrigation facilities in India, Productivity of agriculture, Landholdings in India, etc. Chapter 5: Industrial Sector National Manufacturing Policy, Disinvestment, National Investment Fund (NIF), Foreign Direct Investment, Special Economic Zones, etc. Chapter 6: Tertiary Sector Tourism, Banking, and Insurance, Communication, Science and Technology, etc. Chapter 7: Planning And Economic Reforms Regional Imbalances, Role of Trade in Economic Development, Economic Reforms in India, GATT, etc. Chapter 8: Environment and Sustainable Economic Development Environment, Economic Development, Environment, and Economic Linkages, etc. Chapter 9: Economy Of Andhra Pradesh Education, Environment, Agricultural sector, Industrial sector, etc. Chapter 10: Economic Statistics Methods of Studying Variation, Measures of Dispersion for average, Lorenz Curve, Correlation, etc.

### AP Inter Language Syllabus 2021

AP inter languages consists of mainly English, Telugu, Hindi, and many more. Following is a list of the important topics under various subjects:

#### AP 12th English Syllabus 2021

English is a compulsory subject for all streams of AP class 12th. In the following table, you can find essential information on AP 12th syllabus 2021 topics:

 Unit Important Topics Prose 1.Respond Instead of Reacting by Azim Premji 2. How to Live to be 200 by Stephen Leacock 3.Albert Einstein at School by Patrick Pringle 4. Eight Cousins or One Brother? By D.Balasubramanian 5. Spoon-Feeding by W.R.Inge 6. Mother’s Day: One-Act play by J.B.Priestley Poetry 1. Equipment by Edgar Albert Guest 2. The Giving Tree by Shel Silverstein 3. Human Family by Maya Angelou 4. Bull in the City by Sri (Translated by Velcheru Narayana Rao) 5. Harvest Hymn by John Betjeman Non-Detailed Text 1. Animal Farm (an abridged version) by George Orwell Study skills and communication skills 1. Conversation Practice 2. Vocabulary 3. Reading Comprehension 4. Interpretation of Non-Verbal Information 5. The Language of Advertisements 6. Letter Writing 7. Note Making 8. Word Stress 9. Describing a Process 10. Completing a Form 11.Curriculum Vitae English: Part II Prose 1. Playing the English Gentleman - M.K. Gandhi 2. The Bet - Anton Chekov 3. The Mad Tea Party - Lewis Carrol 4. On Smilies - A.G. Gardiner 5. The Prize Poem Sir P. G. Wodehouse 6. Sale - Anita Desai 7. Riders to the Sea - J.M. Synge Poetry 1. Ulysses - Alfred Lord Tennyson 2. The Second Coming - W.B. Yeats 3. The Unknown Citizen - W.H. Auden 4. To the Indians who Died in South Africa -T.S. Eliot 5. The Night of the Scorpion - Nissim Ezekiel 6. Rakhi - Vikram Seth 7. Telephone Conversation - Wole Soyinka Non-Detailed Text Julius Caesar - Shakespeare Orient Longman Edition

Following are the direct links to the syllabus of the different streams for students to download and prepare accordingly:

#### Science Stream

Find below the syllabus 2021 released by the AP board for the students of the Science stream:

#### Arts Stream

Find below the syllabus 2021 released by the AP board for the students of the Arts stream to download:

#### Language Stream

Find below the syllabus 2021 released by the AP board for the students of Language stream:

Step 1: Visit the BIEAP's official website - bie.ap.gov.in

Step 2: Select the 'Syllabus' option in the main menu bar.

Step 3: Select the required stream to view the syllabus PDF for particular subjects.

## AP Intermediate Board Exam 2021 Preparation Tips

The following are the preparation tips for the students of different streams to refer to:

• Science: Subjects that are practical and are all interlinked. Candidates should understand the concepts and remember the formulas.

• Arts: Subjects in the arts stream are all theoretical. Candidates should study them in comparison with real-life examples.

• Language: The English Language is a compulsory subject. Other languages include Telugu, Hindi, etc.