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PSEB 12th Syllabus 2021 - Punjab Board 12th Syllabus

Punjab State Education Board released the new and updated PSEB syllabus 2021 on the board's official website. The syllabus issued will be applicable to all the schools affiliated with the Punjab state board. Punjab 12th board for government and private schools at the same time. Punjab board 12th syllabus of Mathematics, Computers, English, and Punjabi, are the same for arts, commerce, and science.

This year, the Punjab board (PSEB) has reduced the PSEB class 12th syllabus 2021. The 12th syllabus contains the chapters and topics covered by candidates studying in class 12th for better preparation. The PSEB syllabus is very detailed, containing information on various topics covered under each chapter of every subject. The syllabus has been provided in both English and Punjabi languages to cater to every student's needs. Students can find the link to download the PSEB syllabus of class 12th arts, science, commerce, and agriculture in the following sections.

⭐ PSEB 12th Date Sheet ⭐ PSEB 12th Admit Card ⭐ PSEB 12th Result 2021
 

Table of Contents:

PSEB 12th Syllabus - Scheme of Subjects

The Punjab board has released the new scheme of subjects to understand the latest exam pattern better. Following are the points that the students must take note of.

  • Each student will have to appear for four compulsory subjects.

  • Arts and Science students will have an option to opt for three elective subjects

  • Commerce students have to choose four elective subjects according to the new syllabus.

  • Commerce and science students have an option to choose between Mathematics and Computer Applications as additional subjects.

  • Students belonging to the arts stream can opt for an additional subject from the subjects of their group.

  • Science students can also choose Geography/Home Science/Agriculture/Biology/Maths/Economics as an additional subject.

PSEB 12th Syllabus 2021 (Stream-Wise Subjects)

PSEB class 12th comprises three major streams: Arts, Commerce and Science. These three streams are classified based on the core subjects. 

The science stream teaches the areas related to medical, engineering, and other professional fields, whereas the commerce stream focuses on business-related topics, commerce, trade, and financial matters. Unlike science and commerce, the humanities/arts stream covers vast areas of study, and the subjects include languages like political science, psychology, sociology, and more.

Kindly go through the following table to better understand the core subjects in each stream. The following sections cover the detailed syllabus topics according to the streams. Candidates can also download the syllabus PDF files from the sections below.

Stream

Major Subjects

Science

Physics

Chemistry

Mathematics

Biology

English

Computer Science

Commerce

Accountancy

Business Studies

Economics

Mathematics

English

Humanities/Arts

History

Geography

Political Science

English

Psychology

Sociology

Students appearing for class 12th exams have to appear for three compulsory subjects. The following table shows the list of compulsory subjects -

12th Class Compulsory Subjects

General English

 Punjabi History and Culture

General Punjabi

Environmental Education

Computer Science

Students belonging to arts and science streams will have to appear for three elective subjects, whereas commerce stream students have to appear for four elective subjects. Kindly go through the list of elective subjects from each stream.

(a) PSEB Arts Subjects  

Language - Punjabi/Hindi/English/Urdu Foreign Language - Sanskrit/French/German History  Economics Mathematics
Business Studies Accountancy Political Science Sociology Public Administration
Philosophy Religion Geography Defence Studies Psychology
History and Appreciation of Art Computer Application Agriculture Home Science Music (Vocal)
Gurmat Sangeet Music (Instrumental) Music (Tabla) Music (Dance) Physical Education and Sports
Drawing and Painting Commercial Art Modeling and Sculpture Media Studies  

Class 12 Science group students have the following PSEB science subjects as the elective options to choose from. 

(b) Science Group

Any three elective subjects from the following :

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology or Mathematics

Candidates can also pick any one of the following additional subjects:

  • Geography
  • Home Science
  • Agriculture
  • Biology or Mathematics
  • Computer Application
  • Economics

Students in the commerce stream have the below mentioned PSEB commerce subjects as the elective choices. 

(C) PSEB Commerce Subjects

 Business Studies II

Economics or 

Fundamentals of e-Business

 Accountancy-II

PSEB 12th Science Syllabus 2021

PSEB class 12th syllabus 2021 for Science stream comprises four subjects out of which students will have to appear for the exam of at least three subjects. In the following sections, we have provided Punjab board class 12th Physics, chemistry and biology curriculum for better understanding.

PSEB 12th Physics Syllabus 2021

Students can go through the following table to get an idea about the units, chapters, and sub-topics included in PSEB 12th Physics syllabus.

Unit Name

No. of Questions

Marks

Electrostatics

2

9

Current Electricity

3

7

Magnetic effects of current and magnetism

3

10

Electromagnetic Induction & current

3

7

Electromagnetic waves

2

4

Optics

4

14

Dual nature of matter

2

5

Atoms and Nuclei

2

7

Electronics devices

3

7

Total Marks

26

70

PSEB 12th Chemistry Syllabus 2021

Find below the PSEB class 12th Chemistry syllabus for the 2020-2021 academic year.

Unit Name

Marks

Solutions

7

Electro-Chemistry

6

Chemical-kinetics

5

Surface Chemistry

5

General Principles and Process of isolation of elements

2

p-block elements

8

d&f block elements

7

Coordination Number

2

Haloalkanes & Haloarenes

6

Alcohol,Phenols and Ether

5

Aldehyde, Ketons and Carbooxalic Acids

5

Organic compounds containing Nitrogen compounds

3

Biomolecules

3

Ploymers

4

Chemistry in everyday life

2

Total

70

PSEB 12th Biology Syllabus 2021

The topics for PSEB 12th Biology consist of reproduction, genetics, evolution, etc. The detailed syllabus is given below, in which the marking scheme is also available.

Unit Name

Chapters

Marks

Reproduction

Reproduction in organisms

1

Sexual reproduction in flowering plants

8

Human Reproduction

2

Reproductive health

3

Genetics and Evolution

Heredity and variation

5

Molecular Basis of Inheritance

10

Evolution

3

Biology and Human Welfare

Human Health and Disease

6

Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

3

Microbes in human welfare

5

Biotechnology and its applications

Biotechnology: Principles and processes

4

Biotechnology and its applications

6

Ecology and environment

Organisms and populations

3

Ecosystem

8

Biodiversity and Conservation

1

Environmental issues

 2

PSEB 12th Maths Syllabus 2021

Punjab board 12th Mathematics consists of six units. The following table below shows the marks distribution for the respective chapters.

Units Chapters Marks

Relations & Functions

Relations & Functions

Inverse Trigonometric Functions

5

Algebra

Matrices and Determinants

10

Calculus

Continuity and Differentiability

7

Applications of Derivatives

Integrals

Applications of the Integrals

Differential Equations

Vectors and three Dimensional Geometry

Vectors

3 Dimensional Geometry

Linear Programming

Linear Programming

Probability

Probability

PSEB 12th Computer Science Syllabus 2021

The following table shows the revised syllabus of PSEB 12th computer science for the academic year 2020-2021 -

Chapter Name

No. of Questions

Marks

Revision of 11th Class

2

3

Uses of String Function

2

6

User-Defined Functions

3

7

Windows Movie Maker - 1

3

7

Windows Movie Maker - 2

2

5

Networking Resolution

3

9

Library Functions

2

6

E-Governance

2

7

Total

19

50

PSEB 12th Commerce Syllabus 2021

Economics, Business studies and Accountancy are some of the core subjects of the Commerce stream. We have provided the syllabus of each subject in the following sections.

PSEB 12th Accountancy Syllabus 2021

PSEB 12th Accountancy syllabus consists of all the founding principles of accounting and its real-time applications. Go through the following table to learn more about the syllabus topics.

Unit

Unit Name

Marks

Part A

 

 

 

 

Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organizations, Partnership Firms and Companies

Unit 1. Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Organizations

10

Unit 2. Accounting for Partnership Firms

30

Unit 3. Accounting for Companies

20

Total

60

Part B

 

 

 

Financial Statement Analysis

Unit 4. Analysis of Financial Statements

12

Unit 5. Cash Flow Statement

8

 Total

20

Part C

 

 

 

 

Project Work

20

Project work will include

 

 

 

 

Project File | 4 Marks

Written Test  | 12 Marks (One Hour)

Viva Voce | 4 Marks

PSEB 12th Business Studies Syllabus 2021

PSEB class 12th Business Studies provides strategies and scientific approaches in business fields. The syllabus is so exhaustive, as given in the following table.

Unit Unit Name Marks

Part A

Principles and Functions of Management 

1

Nature and Significance of Management

16

2

Principles of Management

3

Business Environment

4

Planning

14

5

Organising

6

Staffing

20

7

Directing

8

Controlling

Total

50

Part B

Business Finance and Marketing 

9

Financial Management

15

10

Financial Markets

11

Marketing Management

15

12

Consumer Protection

Total

30

Part C

Project Work (One)

20

PSEB 12th Business Economics and Quantitative Methods-II Syllabus 2021

PSEB 12th Business Economics is divided into two parts: Business Statistics and Introductory Macroeconomics. The following table explains the topics and chapters included in the subject.

Unit Name

Chapter/Topics Included

Part-1 (Business Statistics)

Measures of Central Tendency

Arithmetic Mean, Median and Mode

Measures of Dispersion And Skewness

Measures of Dispersion (Range, Quartile, Decile, Percentile, Mean Deviation, Standard Deviation, etc.), Measures of Skewness(meaning, Absolute Measures, Relative Measures & Coefficient of Skewness)

Index Number

Meaning, Features, Uses and Problems of Construction of Index Number. Methods of Construction of Index Number, Cost of Living Index Numbers, Choice of base for Computing Index Numbers, Base Shifting

Correlation & Regression Analysis

Meaning, Significance, Types of Correlation, Methods of Correlation, Regression Lines, Preparation of Regression quotient

Part-2 (Introductory Macroeconomics)

National Income and Related Aggregates

Basic Concepts, Circular Flow of Income, Aggregates related to National Income GDP, GNP, NDP, NNP, National Disposable Income

(Gross and Net) Private Income, Personal Income and Personal Disposable Income, etc.

Determination of Income and Employment

Aggregate Demand and Supply, Propensity to Consume and Save, Determination of Income and Employment, Excess and Deficient Demand, etc

Money and Banking

Money, Supply of Money, Central Bank, Commercial Banks, etc.

Government Budget and the Economy

Government Budget, Classification of Receipts, Classification of Expenditure, Balanced Budget-Surplus Budget and Deficit Budget, Revenue Deficit, Fiscal Deficit and Primary Deficit, etc.

Balance of Payments

Balance of Payment Accounts, Foreign Exchange Rate, Determination of Exchange Rate in a Free Market, etc.

PSEB 12th Arts Syllabus 2021

Humanities/Arts is a vast stream compared to the other two. The primary subjects taught in the stream are History, Political Science, Sociology, Psychology, and more. The following section contains the detailed classification of the major subjects in the Humanities/Arts stream.

PSEB 12th History Syllabus 2021

The total marks for the PSEB 12th History exam is 80 for theory and 20 for internal assessment. The following detailed syllabus will help candidates understand the marks distribution for different units.

Part-A

Physical Features of the Punjab and their influence on its History.

Guru Arjan Dev Ji and His Martyrdom.

Sources of the History of Punjab.

Guru Hargobind Ji and Transformation of Sikhism.

Political, Social and Economic Conditions of Punjab in the beginning of the 16th Century.

Guru Har Rai Ji and Guru Har Krishan Ji

Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s life and His Teachings.

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji and His Martyrdom.

Development of Sikhism under Guru Angad Dev Ji, Guru Amar Das Ji and Guru Ram Das Ji.

Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the foundation of Khalsa, His battles and His personality.

Banda Singh Bahadur.

 

Part-B

Abdus Samad Khan, Zakaria Khan and Mir Mannu, Their relations with the Sikhs.

Anglo-Sikh Relations (1800-1839).

Rise of the Dal Khalsa and its mode of Fighting.

Ranjit Singh’s relations with Afganistan and his N.W.F. Policy.

Social and Economic Conditions of Punjab under the Mughals.

Civil and Military Administration of Ranjit Singh.

Invasions of Ahmed Shah Abdali and disintegration of Mughal rule in Punjab.

Character and Personality of Ranjit Singh.

Origin and Growth of the Sikh Misls and their nature of organization.

First Anglo-Sikh War – Causes and Results.

Ranjit Singh’s Career and Conquests.

Second Anglo-Sikh War – Causes and Results, Annexation of Punjab.

Part-C (Map)

Battles of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

First Anglo-Sikh War.

Important Battles of Banda Singh Bahadur.

Second Anglo-Sikh War.

Ranjit Singh’s kingdom

 

PSEB 12th Political Science Syllabus 2021

The following table contains the revised marks distribution and the topics included according to the updated PSEB 12th Political Science syllabus.

Chapters of Part-A (Political Theory)

Political System

Some major contemporary Political Theories

Bureaucracy (Civil Services)

Electorate

Public opinion

Party System

Interest and Pressure Groups

 

Chapters of Part-B (Indian Political System)

Indian Democracy

Democracy at Grass root

Party System in India

Electoral System

National Integration

Foreign Policy of India

India and the World

 

PSEB 12th General English Syllabus 2021

English is a compulsory subject for all the streams of PSEB class 12th. In the following table, you can find essential information on PSEB 12th syllabus 2021 topics.

Section: A (Lessons for Intensive study)

The March King Katherine Little Bakeless

 

Robots and People Isaac Asimov

On Giving Advice Joseph Addison

On Saying 'Please' A. G. Gardiner

The Story of My Life Helen Keller

Two Gentlemen of Verona A. J. Cronin

In Celebration of Being Alive Dr. Christian Barnard

Thinking Out of the Box: Lateral Thinking (Adapted from the article from the Internet)

Gadari Babas in Kalapani Jail

Dr.Harish Puri

Section: B (Poetry)

Prayer of the Woods Anonymous

 

On Friendship Khalil Gibran

The Echoing Green William Blake

Once upon a Time Gabriel Okara

Cheerfulness Taught by Reason Elizabeth Barret Browning

Father Returning Home Dilip Chitre

The Road Not Taken Robert Frost

On His Blindness John Milton

Section: C (Lessons for Extensive study)

The School for Sympathy E. V. Lucas

 

A Chameleon Anton Chekhov

Bholi K. A. Abbas

The Gold Frame R. K. Luxman

The Barber's Trade Union Mulk Raj Anand

The Bull beneath the Earth K. S. Virk

Section: D (Grammar and Composition)

Grammar

 

Determiners

Use of Non-finite

(Infinitives, Gerunds, Participles)

Transformation of Sentences 

Voice

Narration

Composition

Précis writing

Letter writing (Official/Business/To Editors)

Application

Explaining Newspaper Headline

E-Mail writing

Punjabi History and Culture

PART - A

 

The Great Mughals and their legacy to Punjab.

Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

Successors of Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

Banda Singh Bahadur and his Martyrdom.

Sikhs became the Masters of Punjab.

PART - B

Punjab under Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

The British occupation of Punjab.Some Famous Legends of the Punjab:-

a. Puran Bhagat b. Heer Ranjha c. Sohni Mahiwal

Classical Literature of the Medieval period.

PART - C 

MAP QUESTION TOPICS

Banda Singh Bahadur

Shri Guru Gobind Singh

Maharaja Ranjit Singh

First Anglo-Sikh War

Second Anglo Sikh war

How to Download PSEB 12th Syllabus 2021?

Class 12th students can follow the detailed steps given below to download the PSEB syllabus 2021 from the board's official website.

Step 1: Visit the official website of the Punjab Board - pseb.ac.in 

Step 2: Click on the "Syllabus 2020-21" link under the "Important Links" section on the homepage.

Step 3: In the new window, click on "Scheme of Studies Structure of Question Paper for Academic Year 2021-22" under the "Class 12th Syllabus" tab. 

Step 4: This will open the PSEB 12th syllabus PDF in a new window containing the detailed syllabus for all subjects across all the streams. Save, download and print for future use.  

PSEB Syllabus PDF for Class 12th

Candidates can download the PDF for PSEB class 12th syllabus using the following link.

Stream

Download

Science/Commerce/Humanities/Agriculture

Click Here

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Is there an option to choose additional subjects in class 12th?

  2. Do we have language subjects in PSEB 12th ?

  3. When will PSEB 12th Result 2021 be released?

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