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JKBOSE 12th Syllabus 2021

Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education (JKBOSE) will conduct final board examinations for class 12th candidates as per the syllabus provided at the beginning of the academic year. Candidates can download the JKBOSE 12th syllabus 2021 from the official website for different subjects as PDF files. JKBOSE provides the entire subject syllabus for different streams on the official website. Candidates need to download the syllabus to refer to while preparing for the board exams.

⭐ JKBOSE 12th Admit Card 2021  ⭐ JKBOSE 12th Date Sheet 2021

Table of Contents

JKBOSE 12th Syllabus 2021

JKBOSE has released a detailed syllabus of each stream for class 12th. English Subject is mandatory for all streams. Candidates can click on the given links to check the syllabus for specific streams.

Candidates must also go through the following table to learn more about the core subjects of each stream. Kindly go through the following table to understand the core subjects and also download the PDF given in from the section below.

Stream Major Subjects
  • History
  • Geography
  • Political Science
  • English
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • Biology
  • English
  • Computer Science
  • Accountancy
  • Business Studies
  • Economics
  • Mathematics
  • English

JKBOSE 12th Humanities Syllabus 2021

Humanities syllabus consists of subjects such as history, geography, philosophy, political science, psychology etc. Candidates must go through the detailed syllabus given below for core subjects.

JKBOSE 12th Philosophy Syllabus 2021

The philosophy subject consists of four parts in each section. Candidates must check each and every part of it and prepare for exams accordingly.

Unit Unit Name
Part A - Indian Philosophy
I. Nature and Schools of Indian Philosophy 1. Nature and Schools of Indian Philosophy
2. Characterises of Indian Philosophy
3. Theory of Purusarthas ( Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksa )
II. Philosophy of the Bhagvad Gita 1. Nishkama – Karma
2. Avadharma
3. Lokasmgraha
III. Buddhism , Nyaya , Yoga , Jainism 1. Buddhism ( Eight – Fold Path )
2. Nayaya ( Theory of Pramanas )
3. Yoga ( Eight – Fold Practice )
4. Jainism (Panshilla : Ahimsa, Satya, Asteya, Brahmacharya, Aprigraha )
B. Muslim Philosophy 
IV. Introduction to Muslim Philosophy 1. Meaning and Emergence of Muslim Philosophy
2. Sources of Muslim Philosophy ( primary and secondary sources )
3. Main Philosophical Teachings of Holy Quran
V. Principles Schools of Muslims Philosophical Thought 1. Mutazilism : Principles of Mutazilism
2. Asharism : Main Doetrines of Asharism
VI. Muslim Philosophers and their contribution 1. Alama Iqbal – Intellect and Intuition
2. Jamalal Din Afghani – Spirituality , Morality , Rationality and Muslim Unity
3. Al – Kindi – God , Soul , Intellect
Part C - Western Philosophy
VII. The Casual Principles 1. Aristotle’s Theory of Four Fold Causation
2. Hume’s Theory of Causation
VIII. Nature of Reality 1. Proof for the existence of God
2. Ontological Arguments
3. Cosmological Arguments
4. Teleological Arguments
IX. Mind - Body Problem 1. Interactionism – Descartes
2. Parallelism – Spinoza
3. Pre – Established Harmony ( Leibnitz )
Part D - Applied Philosophy
X. Environment Ethics , Bio Ethics , Business Ethics  1. Environment Ethics
2. Bio Ethics
3. Business Ethics
4. Philosophy of Education

JKBOSE 12th Psychology Syllabus 2021

The psychology syllabus is of nine units. Kindly go through all the units and check the revised syllabus given by the board.

Unit Unit Name
I. Intelligent and Attitude • Concept of Intelligence.
• Theories of Intelligence: Theory of multiple intelligence, Triarchic theory of intelligence, PASS
model of intelligence.
• Culture and Intelligence, Tests of Intelligence.
• Aptitude : Nature and Types.
• Giftedness ( nature and identification ).
• Individual differences ( heredity – environmental interaction ).
II. Self and Personality • Concept of self, self efficiency, self regulation and techniques.
• Concept of Personality, theories of Personality ( Trait and types, Psychoanalytic, Humanistic ).
• Assessment of Personality : Self report measures, Projective techniques.
III. Meeting Life Challenges • Concept of adjustment.
• Stress : Meaning, Sources and Types, Coping strategies.
• Concept of health and well – being.
IV. Psychological Disorders • Concept of normality and abnormality, Causal factors associated with psychological disorders.
• Classification of psychological disorders.
• Major psychological disorders : Anxiety, Schizophrenia ( meaning and symptoms ).
• Mood disorders, behavioral, substance related.
V. Therapeutic Approaches • Goals and objectives of therapeutic processes, stages of therapeutic relationships.
• Types of therapies : Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Cognitive, Behavior, Biomedical, Yoga &
• Rehabilitation of mentally ill patients.
VI. Attitude and Social Cognition • Nature and components of attitude, attitude – formation and change.
• Attribution , Social cognition , Schemas and Stereotypes.
• Pro – social behavior and its techniques prejudice and discrimination, Strategies for handling
VII. Group Process and Social Influence • Meaning of group, group behavior, factors influencing group formation, types of group, Social
identity, intergroup conflict : conflict resolution strategies.
• Social influence processes : conformity, obedience and compliance, cooperation and competition.
VIII. Environment and Social Concerns • Human – Environmental relationships : noise pollution, air pollution, natural and man-made
• Social issues : poverty, aggression and violence, gender discrimination.
• Promoting pro-environmental behavior, human rights and peace management
IX. Statistics • Meaning of Statistics, types of Statistics, preparation of frequency distribution.
• Measures of central tendency: Mean, Median and Mode.
• Measures of variability: Range, S.D, Q.D, Average Deviation

JKBOSE 12th Political Science Syllabus 2021

Political science syllabus consists of two detailed parts. Please go through the syllabus and prepare wisely for exams.

Unit Unit Name
Part A - Contemporary World Politics
I. Cold War Era in World Politics Emergence of two power blocs after the Second World War. Arenas of the cold war. Challenges to Bipolarity: Non Aligned Movement, quest for new international economic order. India and the cold war .
II. Disintegration of the "Second World" and the Collapse of Bipolarity New entities in world politics : Russia, Balkan states and Central Asian states. Introduction of democratic
politics and capitalism in post – communist regimes.India’s relation with Russia and other post –
communist countries.
III. US Dominance in World Politics Growth of unilateralism : Afghanistan, first Gulf War, response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq. Dominance and
challenge to the US in economy and ideology. India’s renegotiation of its relationship with the USA.
IV. Alternative Centres of Economic and Political Power Rise of China as an economic power in post – Mao era, creation and expansion of European Union, ASEAN.
India’s changing relations with China.
V. South Asia in the Post – Cold War Era Democratisation and its reversals in Pakistan and Nepal.Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, Impact of economic
globalization on the region.Conflicts and efforts for peace in South Asia.India’s relations with its
VI. International Organizations in a Unipolar World Restructuring and the future of the UN.India’s position in the restructured UN. Rise of the new international
actors ; New international economic organizations, NGO’s. How democratic and accountable are the new
institutions of global governance?
VII. Security in Contemporary World Traditional concerns about the security and politics of disarmament. Non – traditional or human security : global
poverty, health and education. Issues of human rights and migration .
VIII. Globalization and its Critics Economic, cultural and political manifestations.Debates on the nature of consequences of globalization. Anti
– globalization movements. India as an arena of globalization and struggle against it.
IX. Environmental and Natural Resources in Global Politics Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms.Conflicts over traditional and
common property resources.Rights of indigenous people. India’s stand in global environmental debates.
Part B - Politics in India since Independence
X. Nation – Building and Its Problems Nehru’s approach to nation – building : Legacy of partition: challenge of ‘refugee’ resettlement, the Kashmir
problem. Organization and reorganization of states; Political conflicts over language
XI. Era of One – Party Dominance First three general elections, nature of Congress dominance at the national level, uneven dominance at the
state level, coalitional nature of Congress. Major opposition parties.
XII. Politics of Planned Development Five year plans, expansion of state sector and the rise of new economic interests. Famine and suspension
of five year plans.Green revolution and its political fallouts.
XIII. India’s External Relations Nehru’s foreign policy.Sino – Indian war of 1962, Indo – Pak war of 1965 and 1971.India’s nuclear
programme and shifting alliances in world politics.
XIV. Challenge to and Restoration of Congress System Political succession after Nehru. Non – Congressism and electoral upset of 1967, Congress split and
reconstitution . Congress’ victory in 1971 elections, politics of ‘’garibi hatao’’
XV. Crisis of the Constitutional Order Search for ‘committed’ bureaucracy and judiciary. Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar
movement. Emergency context constitutional and extra – constitutional dimensions, resistance to
emergency. 1977 elections and the formation of Janata Party. Rise of civil liberties organizations .
XVI. Regional Aspirations and Conflicts Rise of regional parties. Punjab crisis.The Kashmir situation.Challenges and responses in the North East.
XVII. Rise of New Social Movement Farmers’ movements, Women’s movement, Environment and Development – affected people’s movements.
Implementation of Mandal Commission report and its aftermath
XVIII. Recent Developments in Indian Politics Participatory upsurge in 1990s.Rise of the JD and the BJP.Increasing role of regional parties and coalition
politics.UF and NDA governments.Elections 2004 and UPA governments

JKBOSE 12th Science Syllabus 2021

Physics, English and Chemistry subjects are mandatory in the science stream. Candidates can go through the syllabus of mandatory subjects as well as elective subjects

JKBOSE 12th Physics Syllabus 2021

Physics subject is mandatory for science stream students. Candidates can go through the given chapters and study for exams.

Unit Unit Name
1 Electrostatics
2 Current Electricity
3 Magnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism
4 Electro-Magnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
5 Electromagnetic Waves
6 Optics
7 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
8 Atoms and Nuclei
9 Electronic Devices
10 Communication System

JKBOSE 12th Chemistry Syllabus 2021

Find below the JKBOSE class 12th Chemistry syllabus for the 2020-2021 academic year. 

Unit Unit Name
I Solid State
II Solutions
III Electrochemistry
IV Chemical Kinetics
V Surface Chemistry
VI General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
VII p-Block Elements
VIII d and f-Block Elements
IX Coordination Compounds
X Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
XI Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
XII Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
XIII Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen
XIV Biomolecules
XV Polymers
XVI Chemistry in Everyday Life

JKBOSE 12th Biology Syllabus 2021

Biology subject is elective for students. It consists of section a and b i.e., Botany and Zoology. Kindly go through both the sections and prepare accordingly.

Unit Unit Name
Section A (Botany)
I Reproduction in Flowering Plants
II Genetics
III Biology and Human Welfare
IV Ecology and Environment
Section B (Zoology)
I Reproduction
II Genetics and Evolution
III Biology and Human Welfare
IV Biotechnology and its Application

JKBOSE 12th Mathematics Syllabus 2021

Mathematics subject is elective for students. It consists of six units, candidates can go through all the units and practice for examination wisely.

Unit Unit Name
I Relations and Functions
II Algebra
III Calculus
IV Vectors and Three - Dimensional Geometry
V Linear Programming
VI Probability

JKBOSE 12th Commerce Syllabus 2021

Business studies and accountacy are mandatory subjects in commerce stream. Candidates to go through the core subjects given below for the academic year 2020-21.

JKBOSE 12th Business Studies Syllabus 2021

Business studies consist of two parts. Candidates to go through the following parts and start their preparations for the exam.

Unit Unit Name
Part A - Principles and Functions of Management
I Nature and Significance of Management
II Principles of Management
III Management and Business Environment
IV Planning
V Organising
VI Staffing
VII Directing
VIII Controlling
Part B - Business Finance and Marketing
IX Business Finance
X Financial Markets
XI Marketing Management
XII Consumer Protections

JKBOSE 12th Accountancy Syllabus 2021

Accountacy subjects consist of two parts and four units. Candidates must look through the syllabus thoroughly and prepare accordingly for the upcoming exam.

Unit Unit Name
Part A - Accounting for Partnership Firms and Companies
Unit 1 - Accounting for Partnership Firms
1. Fundamentals and Admission of a Partner
2. Retirement and Death of a Partner
3. Dissolution of Partnership Firm
Unit 2 - Accounting for Companies
1. Accounting for Share Capital
2. Accounting for Debentures
Part B
Unit 3 - Financial Statement Analysis
Unit 4 - Cash Flow Statement

How to Download JKBOSE 12th Syllabus 2021?

Candidates can follow the steps mentioned below to download the JKBOSE 12th syllabus 2021 from the official website. 

Step 1: Visit the official website of the Jammu and Kashmir board -

Step 2: In the primary menu, click on the "Student" option then "Syllabus" and select "Class 12th".

JKBOSE 12th Syllabus 2021

Step 3: Candidates are then required to click on the "Syllabi and Course of Study for Class XII" link.

Step 4: Download and save the syllabus PDF that is open for further reference.

JKBOSE 12th Syllabus PDF Download

Candidates can download the syllabus directly from the given link for JKBOSE 12th examination 2021.


Download Link

JKBOSE 12th Syllabus 

PDF link

JKBOSE 12th Textbook Notification

PDF Link

JKBOSE 12th Board Exam 2021 Preparation Tips

The following tips will help candidates prepare well for the JKBOSE 12th board exams 2021:

  • Start studying early, and candidates need to give ample time to review the materials covered in class. 

  • Candidates shall check with the syllabus for the topics to be covered. So candidates can start preparing their study plan.

  • Candidates need to start studying at the earliest possible, especially if the topics are difficult to understand.

  • It is recommended for the candidates to take notes during class, so they can understand and clarify doubts then and there.

  • Candidates can also get notes from their seniors for a more thorough understanding.

  • Candidates shall ask their teachers for materials, mock tests, and other guidance.

  • Candidates need to review themselves to improve their knowledge.

  • Revision of each topic is a must. Candidates also need to give sufficient time for revision.

  • Candidates can make use of flashcards for faster learning and revision.

  • Organizing mock tests to determine the candidate’s writing speed and to practice accordingly.

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