IGCSE Board Syllabus 2021
The Cambridge IGCSE curriculum offers a variety of routes for learners with a wide range of abilities, including those whose first language is not English. Cambridge International helps schools build a curriculum around their specific needs. Starting from a foundation of core subjects, it is easy to add breadth and cross-curricular perspectives. Encouraging learners to engage with a variety of subjects, and make connections between them, is fundamental to our approach. For schools, Cambridge IGCSE offers a flexible and stimulating curriculum, supported with excellent resources and training.
For learners, Cambridge IGCSE helps improve performance by developing skills in creative thinking, inquiry, and problem-solving. It is the perfect springboard for advanced study. There are over 70 subjects available at Cambridge IGCSE, including 30 languages, and schools can offer them in any combination.
Table of Contents
- Steps to download Cambridge International syllabus
- Cambridge IGCSE Accounting (0452)
- Cambridge IGCSE Biology (9-1) (0970)
- Cambridge IGCSE Business Studies (9-1) (0986)
- Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry (9-1) 0971
- Cambridge IGCSE English - First Language (0500)
- Cambridge IGCSE Geography (0460)
- Cambridge IGCSE Physics (0625)
- Cambridge IGCSE Mathematics (0580)
- Cambridge IGCSE Science - Combined (0653)
Cambridge IGCSE develops learner knowledge, understanding, and skills in:
Applying knowledge and understanding to new as well as unfamiliar situations
Flexibility and responsiveness to change
Working and communicating in English
Schools worldwide have been involved in the development of Cambridge IGCSE. The syllabuses are international in outlook but retain a local relevance. They have been created specifically for an international student body and avoid cultural bias.
Steps to Download Cambridge International Syllabus
Candidates can follow the steps given below to download Cambridge International syllabus from the official website:
Step 1: Visit the website- cambridgeinternational.org
Step 2: Click on "Programmes and qualifications" section and select "Subjects" (For Cambridge Upper Secondary IGCSE).
Step 3: Now candidates can download the pdf required subject group.
Cambridge IGCSE Accounting (0452)
1. The fundamentals of accounting
This section introduces the subject by explaining the difference between book-keeping and accounting.
The role of accounting in providing information and the purposes of measuring business profit and loss are also explored. Basic accounting terms and the accounting equation are introduced.
2. Sources and recording of data
The core topic of this section is the double-entry system of book-keeping and how this is applied in the preparation of ledger accounts. The division of the ledger is considered.
Business documents and their use as sources of information are also included. Consideration is given to the procedures for processing information in books of prime entry.
3. Verification of accounting records
This section concentrates on the use of trial balances, bank reconciliation statements and control accounts as means of verifying accounting records. The procedures for the correction of errors are also covered.
4. Accounting procedures
Within this section, consideration is given to the importance of distinguishing between capital and revenue expenditure and receipts. Non-current assets are further explored in terms of accounting for depreciation and disposal.
Procedures to record adjustments for accruals and prepayments, irrecoverable debts, provision of doubtful debts and the recovery of debts written off are included. Inventory valuation and its impact on financial statements are also covered.
5. Preparation of Financial statements
The focus of this section is the preparation of financial statements, including year-end adjustments, for different types of businesses (sole traders, partnerships and limited companies).
Consideration is also given to the financial statements of clubs and societies and manufacturing businesses. The procedures employed when only incomplete records are available are also covered.
6. Analysis and Interpretation
This section introduces the calculation and interpretation of the main accounting ratios. The use of ratios in inter-firm comparison is also included.
Consideration is also given to the uses of accounting information by interested parties. The limitations of accounting statements are also explored.
7. Accounting Principles and Policies
The main accounting principles are introduced together with how they are applied in accounting records and statements.
Consideration is also given to the influence of international accounting standards and the selection of accounting policies
Cambridge IGCSE Biology (9-1) (0970)
The Syllabus has been Updated. You are strongly advised to read the whole Syllabus before Planning. The Latest Syllabus is version 2, Published on Feb 2019.
Candidates study the following topics:
1 Characteristics and classification of living organisms
2 The organization of the organism
3 Movement in and out of cells
4 Biological molecules
6 Plant nutrition
7 Human nutrition
8 Transport in plants
9 Transport in animals
10 Diseases and immunity
11 Gas exchange in humans
13 Excretion in humans
14 Coordination and response
18 Variation and selection
19 Organisms and their environment
20 Biotechnology and genetic engineering
21 Human influences on ecosystems
Cambridge IGCSE Business Studies (9-1) (0986)
1. Understanding business activity
This section introduces the underlying ideas and concepts of business and includes the purpose and nature of business activity and how businesses can be classified.
Enterprise and entrepreneurs, and why some businesses grow while others remain small are further important issues. How business size can be measured, types of business organization, business objectives, and stakeholder objectives are the concluding topics.
2. People in business
The focus is the functional area of human resources and includes the importance and methods of motivating a workforce. How businesses are organized and managed and the methods of recruitment, selection, and training of employees are also considered.
Finally, the section covers the importance and methods of effective internal and external communication.
This section includes the role of marketing, the distinctions between niche and mass markets and the techniques of market segmentation. The methods and importance of market research are covered.
The central role of the marketing mix, i.e. the four Ps, is made clear. Marketing strategies to influence consumer decisions at home and in new foreign markets are the final topics in this section.
4. Operations management
- The focus is on the functional area of production and includes the meaning and methods of production and how productivity can be increased. The different costs of production and break-even analysis are covered.
- The section concludes with the importance and methods of achieving quality in the production process and location decisions of businesses.
5. Financial information and decisions
- This finance and accounting section covers the need for and sources of business finance, cash-flow forecasting, and working capital.
- Simple income statements are covered as well as statements of financial position and the analysis of accounts including why and how accounts are used.
6. External influences on business activity
This section focuses on different external influences on business activity and how these impact on a business. It includes government influences on economic, environmental and ethical issues and how they impact on the functional areas of businesses.
In addition, the international economy including globalization and its effects on businesses and governments, multinational businesses and exchange rates are important issues.
Legal constraints are an external influence to be considered but these influences are covered in the relevant functional areas above, as well as in this last section.
Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry (9-1) 0971
Candidates study the following topics:
1. The particulate nature of matter
2. Experimental techniques
3. Atoms, elements and compounds
5. Electricity and chemistry
6. Chemical energetics
7. Chemical reactions
8. Acids, bases and salts
9. The Periodic Table
11. Air and water
14. Organic chemistry
Cambridge IGCSE English - First Language (0500)
Cambridge IGCSE First Language English offers candidates the opportunity to respond with understanding to a rich array of reading texts during the course as a whole. Candidates will use these texts to inform and inspire their own writing and write in a range of text types for different purposes and audiences.
Candidates will develop both their speaking and their listening skills, delivering a presentation, and responding to questions and engaging in conversations.
- Candidates are encouraged to become appreciative and critical readers, writers, speakers
Cambridge IGCSE Geography (0460)
The syllabus is divided into three themes:
Theme 1: Population and settlement
Theme 2: The natural environment
Theme 3: Economic development.
The themes are designed to develop an understanding of natural and human environments
Cambridge IGCSE History (0470)
All candidates study all the Core Content in either:
The nineteenth-century: the development of modern nation-states, 1848–1914
The content focuses on the following Key Questions:
• Were the Revolutions of 1848 important?
• How was Italy unified?
• How was Germany unified?
• Why was there a civil war in the United States and what were its results?
• Why, and with what effects, did Europeans expand their overseas empires in the nineteenth century?
• What caused the First World War?
The twentieth century: international relations since 1919
The content focuses on the following Key Questions:
• Were the peace treaties of 1919–23 fair?
• To what extent was the League of Nations a success?
• Why had international peace collapsed by 1939?
• Who was to blame for the Cold War?
• How effectively did the United States contain the spread of Communism?
• How secure was the USSR’s control over Eastern Europe, 1948–c.1989?
• Why did events in the Gulf matter, c.1970–2000?
In addition, all candidates must also study at least one of the following Depth Studies:
• The First World War, 1914–18
• Germany, 1918–45
• Russia, 1905–41
• The United States, 1919–41
• China, c.1930–c.1990
• South Africa, c.1940–c.1994
• Israelis and Palestinians since 1945
Cambridge IGCSE Mathematics (0580)
Candidates may follow either the Core curriculum or the Extended curriculum. Candidates aiming for grades A* to C should follow the Extended curriculum.
All candidates will study the following topics:
2 Algebra and graphs
5 Coordinate geometry
7 Matrices and transformations
Cambridge IGCSE Physics (0625)
Candidates study the following topics:
1. General physics
2. Thermal physics
3 Properties of waves, including light and sound
4 Electricity and magnetism
5 Atomic physics
Cambridge IGCSE Physical Education (0413)
The syllabus provides candidates with an opportunity to study both the practical and theoretical aspects of Physical Education. It is also designed to foster enjoyment in physical activity.
The knowledge gained should enable candidates to develop an understanding of effective and safe physical performance.
Candidates will study all of the following topics:
1: Anatomy and physiology
2: Health, fitness, and training
3: Skill acquisition and psychology
4: Social, cultural and ethical influences
Candidates will also undertake four different physical activities chosen from at least two of the seven categories listed in section 6.2. Physical activities make a significant contribution to syllabus aims and objectives, serving as a source of material to facilitate learning.
Cambridge IGCSE Science - Combined (0653)
The syllabus content that follows is divided into three sections: Biology (B1–B12), Chemistry (C1–C12) and Physics (P1–P6). Candidates must study all three sections.
Candidates can either follow the Core syllabus only, or they can follow the Extended syllabus which includes both the Core and the Supplement. Candidates aiming for grades A* to C should follow the Extended syllabus.
- It is important that, throughout this course, teachers should make candidates aware of the relevance of the concepts studied in everyday life, and to the natural and man-made worlds.
B1. Characteristics of living organisms
B3. Biological molecules
B5. Plant nutrition
B6. Animal nutrition
B8. Gas exchange and respiration
B9. Coordination and response
B11. Organisms and their environment
B12. Human influences on ecosystems
C1. The particulate nature of matter
C2. Experimental techniques
C3. Atoms, elements and compounds
C5. Electricity and chemistry
C6. Energy changes in chemical reactions
C7. Chemical reactions
C8. Acids, bases and salts
C9. The Periodic Table
C11. Air and water
C12. Organic chemistry
P2. Work, energy and power
P3. Thermal Physics
P4. Properties of waves, including light and sound
P5. Electrical quantities
P6. Electric circuits.