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Bihar Board 10th Syllabus 2021 | बिहार बोर्ड सिलेबस (Paper Pattern Revised)

Bihar School Education Board (BSEB) conducts both secondary and senior secondary board examinations twice (regular and supplementary) a year. The paper pattern was changed to 50% choice for students. The paper will consist of 100 objective questions, out of which the student needs to answer any 50 questions of one mark each. Moreover, this year, the board decided to reduce the syllabus by 30% due to the ongoing pandemic.

BSEB syllabus comprises chapters and its marks distribution of all subjects. Candidates can download the BSEB syllabus as a PDF file; the subject-wise syllabus is released for Hindi, English, Mathematics, Science, Social Science, and other optional subjects. Candidates can also download sample question papers and the Bihar board 10th class book PDFs from the official website.

Table of Contents

Bihar Board Class 10th Syllabus 2021 (All Subjects)

BSEB class 10th students have to study five compulsory subject and one optional subject. We have provided the list of subjects that class 10th students study below:




Mother Tongue

(Hindi or Urdu or Bangla)


Second Indian Language








Social Science

Download Bihar Board 10th Syllabus 2021 PDF for Mother Tongue Subjects

Bihar board teaches three Mother Tongue languages that students can opt from and, i.e. Hindi, Urdu and Bangla. We have provided PDF files of the three languages below for your convenience.

Hindi Syllabus PDF

Bihar board has released the BSEB 10th Hindi language syllabus as a PDF file which we have provided below:

Urdu Syllabus PDF

Students can download the PDF file of the Bihar board 10th Urdu syllabus as given below:

Bihar Board 10th Syllabus 2021 for Mathematics

Mathematics is an easy subject if there are clarity of concepts and consistency in practising important chapters and questions. Bihar board 10th Maths syllabus consists of chapters like Quadratic equations, Probability, Statistics etc. Students must go through the detailed BSEB 10th syllabus of Mathematics subject as given below:

Name of the Unit



Real Numbers

Euclid’s Division Lemma and Algorithm, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, Rational and Irrational Numbers



Geometric Meaning of The Zeroes, Zeroes, and Coefficients, Division Algorithm For Polynomials


Pair of Linear Equations in 2 Variables

Graphical Solution to Linear Equations, Substitution Method, Elimination Method, Cross Multiplication Method, Equations Reducible to Linear Form

Quadratic Equations

Introduction to Quadratic Equations, Method of Completing The Square, Nature of Roots, Equations Reducible to Quadratic Form

Arithmetic Progression

Introduction to Arithmetic Progression, nth Term of A.P., Sum of n Terms of A.P., Word Problems of A.P.

Coordinate Geometry

Distance Formula, Section Formula, Area of Triangles


Introduction to Trigonometry

Trigonometric Ratios, Trigonometric Tables, Trigonometric Ratios of Complementary Angles, Introduction to Trigonometric Identities, Applications of Trigonometric Identities


Some Applications of Trigonometry

Introduction to Heights and Distances, Applications of Heights and Distances



Basic Proportionality Theorem, Topic 2 – Converse of BPT, Criteria For Similar Triangles, Problems on Similar Triangles, Areas of Similar Triangles, Pythagoras Theorem

Topic 7 – Problems on Pythagoras Theorem






Tangents to A Circle, Properties of Tangents

Construction Constructions of Similar Triangles, Construction of Tangents

Areas Related to Circles

Area and Circumference of a Circle, Areas of Sectors and Segments, Areas of Combination of Figures

Surface Areas and Volumes

Surface Area: Combination of Solids, Volume: Combination of Solids, Conversion of Solids, Frustum of A Cone


Arithmetic Mean of Grouped Data, Mode of Grouped Data, Median of Grouped Data, Relation Between Central Tendencies, Cumulative Frequency Curve




Classical Approach to Probability, Applications of Probability

Bihar Board 10th Syllabus 2021 for Social Science

Social Science is divided into four subjects: History, Civics, Geography and Economics. Students must learn important terms, dates and concepts by heart to ace the exams. We have provided Bihar board 10th Social Science syllabus below:





  • The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

  • The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China

  • Nationalism in India

  • The Making of a Global World

  • The Age of Industrialisation

  • Work, Life, and Leisure: Cities in the Contemporary World

  • Print Culture and the Modern World

  • Novels, Society, and History



  • Power Sharing

  • Federalism

  • Democracy and Diversity

  • Gender, Religion, and Caste

  • Popular Struggles and Movements

  • Political Parties

  • Outcomes of Democracy

  • Challenges to Democracy



  • Resources and Development

  • Forest and Wildlife Resources

  • Water Resources

  • Agriculture

  • Minerals and Energy Resources

  • Manufacturing Industries

  • Lifelines of National Economy



  • Development

  • Sectors of the Indian Economy

  • Money and Credit

  • Globalization and the Indian Economy

  • Consumer Rights




Bihar Board 10th Syllabus 2021 PDF for Social Science

Students can download the PDF file of the Bihar board 10th Social Science syllabus from below:

Bihar Board 10th Syllabus 2021 for Science 

The Bihar board class 10th Science subject holds 60 marks out of 100 for the theory and 20 marks each for internal assessment and practical exams. We have provided unit-wise marks distribution of the Bihar board 10th Science syllabus below:

Unit Number

Unit Name



Chemical Compounds



The Living World



Electricity and its effects



Light and Communication



Natural Resources




Bihar Board 10th Syllabus 2021 for English

English is a subject that requires reading skills, comprehension and writing skills to score good marks in subject. We have provided below the detailed syllabus of Bihar board 10th English for your understanding:



English Prose

  • Two questions are to be attempted among three short answer type questions (4 marks)

  • One explanation in three different passages (4 marks)

  • Comprehension question needs to be attempted between two passages (4 marks)

  • Use of words (2 marks)

  • One needs to be answered among two long answer type questions (6 marks)


  • Combining Sentence Correction (2 marks)

  • Direct and Indirect Narration (2 marks)


  • Antonyms and Synonyms of two words Substitution of word ( two groups) Homophones


  • Translate from English to Hindi Translate from Hindi to English


  • One essay containing 250 words among 4-5 different topics Application Writing or Letter Writing

Bihar Board 10th English Syllabus 2021 PDF

Students can download the PDF file of the Bihar board 10th English syllabus below:

How to Download the Bihar Board 10th Syllabus 2021?

It is an effortless process to download the Bihar board 10th syllabus from the official website. Students can follow the step-by-step procedure given below to download the same: 

Step 1: Visit the official website of the Bihar matric board -

Step 2: On the home page, click on the "Student Section."

BSEB Class 10th Syllabus 2021

Step 3: In the new window, click on the "Syllabus"option to download the PDF.

Step 4: Download and save the PDF for future reference.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. How many optioinal subjects can a student choose?

  2. Where to download BSEB matric syllabus PDF? 

  3. Can I download sample papers from the official website?

  4. What is the Bihar matric exam start date?

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