# Gujarat Board SSC/10th Syllabus 2019

## Gujarat Board 10th/SSC Syllabus 2019

• Brief: The syllabus is formulated by the  Gujarat Board SSC syllabus committee and includes regular updating of the syllabus as per the latest events and basic need of the students.

• Authority: Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board have announced the syllabus of Gujarat 10th/SSC Examination 2019. The GSEB is going to conduct class 10th board exam in the month of February-March(tentative) 2019.

• Syllabus PDF: The candidates can download Gujarat Board Class 10th Syllabus & Exam Pattern from the official website. Here candidate can get all Syllabus Details for Gujarat SSC Exam and revised new syllabus.

• Download PDF: The candidate can download syllabus's PDF as per GSEB Subject wise Model Question Papers.GSEB Gujarat 10th class Syllabus for Sangeet, Yoga, Chitrakala, Social Science, Science, Hindi Syllabus and in English Medium for Yoga, Health & Physical Education, English and Social Science.

## Gujarat Board SSC (Class 10th) Syllabus PDF 2019:

 New Syllabus - Gujarati Medium New Syllabus - English Medium Sangeet Kanthya Ane Swar Vadya Gujarati Medium Yoga, Health and Physical Education- English Medium Yoga Swasthya Shikshan Gujarati Medium English First Language ENGLISH MEDIUM Chitrakala Gujarati medium Social Science - English Medium Social Science Gujarati Medium English Second Language Gujarati Medium Gujarati First Language Gujarati Medium (Revised Edition) Gujarati First Language Gujarati Medium (Corrigenda) Gujarati Second Language Hindi Second Language
Gujarat Board Syllabus for Class 10 Mathematics:

UNIT I: NUMBER SYSTEM

• Euclid's Division Lemma
• Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic - statements after reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples,
• Proofs of results and decimal expansions of rational numbers in terms of terminating and non-terminating recurring decimals.

UNIT II: ALGEBRA

1.POLYNOMIALS

• Zero of Polynomial
• The relationship between zeros and their coefficients of quadratic polynomials.
•  Statement and simple problems on the division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients.

2. PAIR OF LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES

• Pair of linear equations in two variables and their graphical solution. Also, The Geometric representation of different possibilities of solutions/inconsistency.

• Algebraic conditions for the number of solutions.

• The solution of the pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically - by substitution, by elimination and by cross multiplication.

• Simple situational problems must be included.

• Simple problems on equations reducible to linear equations may be included.

• Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2 + Bx + c = 0, (a ≠ 0).

• The solution of the quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, by completing the square and by using the quadratic formula.

• The relationship between discriminate and nature of roots. Problems related to day to day activities to be practised.

4. ARITHMETIC PROGRESSIONS

UNIT III: TRIGONOMETRY

1. INTRODUCTION TO TRIGONOMETRY

a. Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle.

b. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios, whichever are defined at 0o & 90o.

c. Values (with proofs) of the trigonometric ratios of 30o, 45o & 60o. Relationships between the ratios.

2. TRIGONOMETRIC IDENTITIES

Proof and applications of the identity sin2 A + cos2A = 1. Only simple identities will be given. Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles.

3. HEIGHTS AND DISTANCES
a. Simple and believable problems on heights and distances.

b. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles.

c. Angles of elevation and depression should be only 300, 450, 600.

UNIT IV: COORDINATE GEOMETRY

1. LINES (In two-dimensions)

a. Review the concepts of coordinate geometry done earlier including graphs of linear equations.

b. Awareness of the geometrical representation of quadratic polynomials.

c. The distance between two points and section formula.

d. Area of a triangle. Basic questions will be given.

UNIT V: GEOMETRY

1. TRIANGLES
Prove,

1. If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.

2. If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.

3. If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar.

4. If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.

5. If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.

6. If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse, the triangles on each side of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and to each other.

7. The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares on their corresponding sides.

8. In a right triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides.

9. In a triangle, if the square on one side is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides, the angles opposite to the first side is a right triangle.

2. CIRCLES
1.  The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

2.  The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to circle are equal.

3. CONSTRUCTIONS

1. Division of a line segment in a given ratio (internally)

2. Tangent to a circle from a point outside it.

3. Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle.

UNIT VI: MENSURATION

1. AREAS RELATED TO CIRCLES

a. Motivate the area of a circle; area of sectors and segments of a circle.

b. Problems based on areas and perimeter and circumference of the above-said plane figures. (In calculating the area of a segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to the central angle of 60o, 90o & 120o only.

c. Plane figures involving triangles, simple quadrilaterals and circle should be taken.

2. SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES

(i) Problems with finding surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.

(ii) Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems. (Problems with the combination of not more than two different solids be taken.)

UNIT VII: STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

1. STATISTICS
Mean, median and mode of grouped data (a bimodal situation to be avoided). Cumulative frequency graph.

2. PROBABILITY
A classical definition of probability. Connection with probability as given in Class IX. Simple problems on single events, not using set notation.

Gujarat Board Syllabus for Class 10 Science

Unit 1: Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour

Acids, bases and salts : Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH— ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of sodium hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Chemical reactions : Chemical Equation, Balanced chemical equation, Implications of a balanced Chemical equation, Types of chemical reactions : combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.

Metals and non-metals: Properties of Metals and Non-metals, reactivity series, Formation and properties of ionic compounds, Basic Metallurgical processes, corrosion and its prevention.

Carbon Compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon, Homologous series Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing, Functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), the difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons, Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction).

Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only
properties and uses), soaps and detergents.
Periodic classification of elements : Need for classification, Modern Periodic table, Gradation in Properties.
Valency, Atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.

Unit 2: World of Living

Life Processes: "living being"; Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals. Control and Co-ordination in animals and plants: Tropic movements in plants; Introduction to plant hormones; control and co-ordination in animals: nervous system; voluntary, involuntary and reflex action, chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.

Reproduction: Reproduction in animal and plants (asexual and sexual). Reproductive health-need for and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Childbearing and women's health.
Heredity and evolution: Heredity; Model's contribution- Rules for the inheritance of traits; Sex determination: brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution.

Unit 3: Effects of Current

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm's law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, a parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life; Heating effect of Electric current and its applications in daily life.

Electric Power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.
Magnetic effects of current: Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming's left-hand rule.

Electromagnetic induction. The induced potential difference, Induced current, Fleming's Right-Hand Rule, Direct current. Alternating current; frequency of AC. An advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.

Unit 4:

Reflection of light at curved surfaces, Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal
focus, focal length. Mirror Formula (Derivation not required), Magnification.

Refraction; laws of refraction, refractive index.Refraction of light by a spherical lens, Image formed by spherical lenses, Lens formula (Derivation not required), Magnification. Power of a lens;

Functioning of a lens in the human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.

Unit 5: Management of natural resources:

Management of natural resources. Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wildlife, coal and petroleum conservation. Examples of People's participation in the conservation of natural resources.The Regional environment: Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.

Sources of energy: Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; nuclear. Renewable versus non-renewable sources.

Our Environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable, substances.

Gujarat Board Syllabus for Class 10 English Core

Questions 1 and 2 two unseen passages of total 500 words with a variety of questions including 4 marks for vocabulary. Only prose passages will be used. One will be factual and the other will be literary.

Passage 1 - 200 words  - Four or five comprehension questions 8 marks
Passage 2 - 300 words -Four or five comprehension questions and two questions on vocabulary.
Marks for vocabulary will not exceed 4 marks. 12 marks

WRITING
1. Letter Writing - One letter based on provided verbal stimulus and context.
Type of letter : Informal: Personal such as to family and friends.
Formal: Letter of complaints, enquiries, requests, applications
2. Writing a short paragraph on a given outline/topic in about 60 words
3. Composition: A short writing task based on a verbal and/or visual stimulus. (diagram, picture, graph, map, chart, table, flowchart etc.) Maximum words 80

GRAMMAR
A variety of short questions involving the use of particular structures within a context. Test types used will include cloze, gap-filling, sentence-completion, sentence-reordering, dialogue-completion and sentence-transformation (including combining sentences). The Grammar syllabus will include the following areas for teaching:
1. Use of non-finite.
2. Sentence connectors: as, since, while, then, just because, just, until.
3. Clauses with what, where and how.
4. Past Tense.
5. Modals: can, could, may, must, might.
Note: All other areas covered in Class IX will also be tested in Class X as this is an integrated course for this area of learning.

TEXTBOOKS

First Flight - NCERT Textbook for Class X
Prose 20 Marks

1. Two extracts from different prose lessons included in Textbook (Approximately 100 words each)
These extracts chosen from different lessons will be literary and discursive in nature Each extract will be of 5 marks. One mark in each extract will be for vocabulary. 4 marks in each passage will be used for testing local and global comprehension besides a question on interpretation.

2. One out of two questions extrapolative in nature based on any one of the prose lessons from Textbook to be answered in about 80 words.

3. One out of two questions on Drama Text (local and global comprehension question) (30-40 words)

Poetry

1. One extract from a poem from the prescribed reader followed by two or three questions to test the local and global comprehension of the set text.

2. Two out of three short answer type questions on interpretation of themes and ideas contained in the poems to be answered in 30-40 words each.

FootPrints without Feet - NCERT Supplementary Reader for Class X

3. One out of two questions from Supplementary Reader to interpret, evaluate and analyse character, plot or situations occurring in the lessons to be answered in about 100 words.

4. One out of two short answer type questions of interpretative and evaluative nature based on lessons to be answered in 30-40 words

5. One out of two short answer type questions based on factual aspects of the lessons to be answered in 20-30 words.

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