JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2024: Category-wise, Steps to Claim Reservation

Hafsha Qureshi
Hafsha Qureshi

Updated on - Mar 18, 2024

JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2024 is released by the National Testing Agency (NTA). Reservation in IIT provides advantages to reserved-category candidates in terms of age-limit relaxation, seat allocation, qualifying scores, etc. Moreover, they are also granted concessions on the application fees while filling out the JEE Main application form.

Candidates can find the detailed JEE reservation criteria on the official website of NTA.

Table of Contents

JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2024 for Institutions Under Central Government

The JEE reservation criteria comprise a category-wise percentage of reservation in IIT and the eligibility requirements that the candidates have to comply with. The table below shows the category-wise percentage for reservation in JEE Mains:

Category-Wise JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2024
Category Reservation Percentage
General Economically Weaker Sections (GEN-EWS) 10%
Non-Creamy Layer of Other Backward Classes (OBC-NCL) 27%
Scheduled Castes (SC) 15%
Scheduled Tribes (ST) 7.5%
Persons with Disabilities 5%

JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2024: Highlights

Several institutes follow the central JEE Mains reservation system, while others follow the home state quota and other state quotas. Check out the major highlights of reservation in IIT:

  • The JEE reservation criteria 2024 follows the reservation rules and regulations established by the Government of India.
  • The state-wise engineering colleges that accept JEE Main scores will follow state-specific criteria for reservation in IIT.
  • Applicants whose names appear on the central list of the Government of India will qualify for admission to NITsIITs, and GFTIs.

OBC Reservation in JEE Mains

In this section, we will discuss the criteria for OBC reservation in IIT. A list of other backward classes (non-creamy layer) is available on the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) website. This list is called the Central list and has to be followed in accordance with the JEE reservation criteria 2024. JEE applicants who fall under this list need to select the OBC option while filling out the application form. Other applicants who fall under the OBC list as per their respective state list will be required to select the General category.

JEE Reservation Criteria for Persons With Disability (PwD)

Candidates with a disability of more than 40%, as certified by the competent authority, are eligible to claim the benefits under reservation in IIT. Besides, applicants who suffer from one of the following disabilities belong to the PwD category:

  • Blind or low vision
  • Deaf or hard of hearing
  • Disabilities of bones/joints/muscles
  • Locomotor disabilities like cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, acid attack victims, dwarfism, etc.
  • Autism, mental illness, or intellectual disability
  • Other ‘specified disabilities’ as given in the schedule of the RPwD Act 2016.

JEE Mains Reservation System for Women Candidates

The majority of engineering colleges in India reserve at least 5% of their seats for women. In order to take advantage of this policy, female candidates must apply through the women's quota system. Moreover, female applicants from the PWD category will receive an additional 3% reservation in top engineering colleges in India for JEE Main.

JEE Main Reservation Criteria for Institutions of National Importance

Some institutes like IITs, NITs, IIITs, etc., are recognized at a national level. Every aspirant dreams of getting admitted into one of these institutions after qualifying for the JEE Main. These colleges have their own criteria for reservation in JEE Mains. These criteria are given as follows:

  • Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) - All IITs fall under the central government, and therefore, they follow the All India Quota while admitting candidates into engineering courses.
  • Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) - IIIT admissions are based on All India Quota, Home State Quota, and Other State Quotas.
  • Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs) - GFTIs offer admissions for undergraduate engineering courses based on the All India Quota. However, there are exceptions like Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, and IIEST Shibpur, which apply the home state quota and other state quotas. The Assam University, Silchar is also an exception, allowing a home-state quota for candidates from Assam and all-India quota for candidates from the other states.
  • National Institutes of Technology (NITs) - The NITs admit candidates to undergraduate engineering courses on the basis of State Quotas and Other State Quotas.

JEE Main 2024 Reservation Criteria for NITs

In the NITs, 50% of the seats are reserved for candidates from the home state. At the same time, the remaining 50% is reserved for eligible candidates from other states. Here, the ‘Home State Quota’ applies to eligible candidates who have completed class 12th from the state where the particular NIT is located. 

In contrast, ‘Other State Quota’ applies to candidates under reserved categories who belong to a state other than the one in which that NIT is situated. For States and Union Territories that do not have an NIT, these NITs will be considered as their state quota.

JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2024 for NITs
Union Territories NITs
Andaman & Nicobar Islands NIT Puducherry
Lakshadweep NIT Goa
Daman and Diu NIT Goa
Dadar and Nagar Haveli NIT Goa
Chandigarh NIT Delhi

Note that the above criteria are applicable for all NITs except for Warangal and Goa. For these NITs, the following JEE reservation criteria are followed:

JEE Main Reservation Criteria 2024 for NIT Warangal and NIT Goa
Name of the NIT Quota Eligible Candidates
NIT Warangal Home State Quota Candidates from Telangana are eligible to claim reservation under this quota
Other States Quota Under this quota, candidates belonging to other states and those from Andhra Pradesh are eligible to apply for admission
Andhra Pradesh Quota Candidates who belong to Andhra Pradesh can claim reservation under this quota.
NIT Goa Home State Quota There is a 40% reservation of seats for candidates from Goa. If there are any further vacancies, 10% of the seats will be filled by candidates who belong to Daman & Diu, Dadar & Nagar Haveli and Lakshadweep
Other States Quota Candidates from Goa, Daman & Diu, Dadar & Nagar Haveli and Lakshadweep can apply for admission under this quota

How to Claim Reservation in JEE Mains 2024?

Candidates belonging to reserved categories are required to follow certain formalities in order to claim the benefits. Here are the steps to claim a reservation in IIT:

  • Candidates need to fill out the JEE Main application form, wherein they would be required to fill in various details, including their category. At this stage, they are not required to provide proof of their category. Therefore, if a candidate does not select the correct reserved category while filling out the application form, the authorities will not accept any further claims.
  • During JEE Main counselling, candidates will have to submit certain documents, including a caste/category certificate.
  • Candidates who fail to provide proof of their reservation claim will be placed under the 'non-reserved' or 'general' category.

Documents Required to Claim JEE Main Reservation 2024

It is not enough for candidates to indicate they belong to a reserved category during the application process, and they will be required to provide proof as outlined below in order to qualify for a reservation under the reservation criteria of JEE Main 2024.

  • A category certificate issued by an official authority in the prescribed format 
  • Caste or Tribe certificates for candidates belonging to SC/ ST
  • Disability certificate for candidates under the PwD category 


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