Mode: AP EAMCET 2019 Examination is conducted in online mode (Computer based test)
Subjects: AP EAMCET 2019 examination will be based on the Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics subjects prescribed from AP EAMCERT Syllabus 2019. However, aspirants must ensure they do extensive preparation on the topics to crack AP EAMCET 2019. Each and every concept included in the syllabus o fAP EAMCET 2019 is important and the students can expect questions from anywhere. Therefore, the students are advised to prepare all the concepts covered in AP EAMCET syllabus quite effectively.
Here we compiled the AP EAMCET Syllabus 2019 according to the subject wise list of all chapters covered. The students are advised to prepare the entire AP EAMCET syllabus without skipping due to the level of competition. Each and every concept included in the Syllabus of AP EAMCET 2019 is important and the students can expect questions from anywhere.
AP EAMCET 2019 syllabus | |
---|---|
Subject | Unit |
Physics | Stoichiometry |
Physical world | |
Units and measurement | |
Motion in a straight line | |
Motion in a plane | |
Laws of Motion | |
Work Energy and Power | |
Systems of particles and rotational motion | |
Oscillations | |
Gravitation | |
Mechanical properties of solids | |
Mechanical properties of liquids | |
Thermal properties of matter | |
Kinetic theory | |
Waves | |
Ray optics and optical instruments | |
Wave optics | |
Electric charges and fields | |
Electrostatic potential and capacitance | |
Current Electricity | |
Moving charges and magnetism | |
Magnetism and matter | |
Electromagnetic induction | |
Alternating current | |
Electromagnetic Waves | |
Dual nature of radiation and matter | |
Atoms | |
Nuclei | |
Semiconductors electronics: materials, devices and simple circuits | |
Communication systems | |
Maths | ALGEBRA |
Trigonometry | |
Vector Algebra | |
Co-ordinate Geometry | |
Calculus | |
Probability | |
Chemistry | Classification of elements and periodicity in properties |
Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure | |
States of matter : gases and liquids | |
Thermodynamics | |
Chemical equilibrium and acids-bases | |
Hydrogen and its compound | |
S - block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals) | |
P- block elements group 13 (boron family) | |
P-block elements -group 14 (carbon family) | |
Environmental Chemistry | |
Organic chemistry-some basic principles and techniques and hydrocarbons | |
Solid State | |
Solutions | |
Electrochemistry and chemical kinetics | |
Surface Chemistry | |
General principles of metallurgy | |
P-block elements | |
D and f block elements & coordination compounds | |
Polymers | |
Biomolecules | |
Chemistry in Everyday life | |
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes | |
Organic compounds containing C, H, & O like alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids | |
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen |
The syllabus for AP EAMCET 2019 includes chapters from 11th and 12th. Candidates can prepare for the exam using the AP EAMCET 2019 Reference Books.
Atomic Structure:
Atomic models –Rutherford’s Nuclear model of atom
Developments to the Bohr’s model of atom
Nature of electromagnetic radiation
Particle nature of electromagnetic radiation- Planck’s quantum theory
Bohr’s model for Hydrogen atom Explanation of line spectrum of hydrogen
Limitations of Bohr’s model
Quantum mechanical considerations of subatomic particles
Dual behavior of matter
Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle
Quantum mechanical model of an atom.
Important features of Quantum mechanical model of atom
Orbitals and quantum numbers Shapes of atomic orbitals
Energies of orbitals
Filling of orbitals in atoms
Aufbau Principle,
Pauli’s Exclusion Principle and Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity
Electronic configurations of atoms
Stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals
Classification Of Elements And Periodicity In Properties:
Need to classify elements, Genesis of periodic classification
Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table
Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100
Electronic configuration of elements and the periodic table
Electronic configuration and types of elements s,p,d.and f blocks
Trends in physical properties:
(a) Atomic radius, (b) Ionic radius (c)Variation of size in inner transition elements, (d) Ionization enthalpy, (e) Electron gain enthalpy, (f) Electronegativity
Periodic trends in chemical properties:
(a) Valence or Oxidation states, (b) Anomalous properties of the second period
elements - diagonal relationship Periodic trends and chemical reactivity
Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure:
Kossel - Lewis approach to chemical bonding, Octet rule, Representation of simple molecules, formal charges, limitations of octet rule
Ionic or electrovalent bond - Factors favorable for the formation of ionic compounds-Crystal structure of sodium chloride, General properties of ionic compounds
Bond Parameters - bond length, bond angle, and bond enthalpy, bond order, resonance-Polarity of bonds dipole moment-Fajan rules
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory Predicting the geometry of simple molecules
Valence bond theory-Orbital overlap concept-Directional properties of bonds-overlapping of atomic orbitals-types of overlapping and nature of covalent bonds-strength of sigma and pi bonds-Factors favoring the formation of covalent bonds
Molecular orbital theory - Formation of molecular orbitals, Linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO)-conditions for combination of atomic orbitals - Energy level diagrams for molecular orbitals -Bonding in some homonuclear diatomic molecules- H2, He2, Li2, B2, C2, N2 and O2
Hydrogen bonding-cause of formation of hydrogen bond - Types of hydrogen bonds inter and intramolecular-General properties of hydrogen bonds
States Of Matter: Gases And Liquids:
Intermolecular forces
Thermal Energy
Intermolecular forces Vs Thermal interactions
The Gaseous State The Gas Laws
Ideal gas equation
Graham’s law of diffusion - Dalton’s Law of partial pressures
Kinetic molecular theory of gases
Kinetic gas equation of an ideal gas (No derivation) deduction of gas laws from Kinetic gas equation
Distribution of molecular speeds, average and most probable speeds-Kinetic energy of gas molecules.
The behavior of real gases - Deviation from Ideal gas behavior - Compressibility factor Vs Pressure diagrams of real gases.
Liquefaction of gases.
Liquid State - Properties of Liquids in terms of Intermolecular interactions - Vapour pressure, Viscosity and Surface tension (Qualitative idea only. No mathematical derivation).
Stoichiometry:
Some Basic Concepts - Properties of matter - uncertainty in Measurement-significant figures, dimensional analysis
Laws of Chemical Combinations - Law of Conservation of Mass, Law of Definite Proportions, Law of Multiple Proportions, Gay Lussac’s Law of Gaseous Volumes, Dalton’s Atomic Theory, Avogadro Law, Examples
Atomic and molecular masses- mole concept and molar mass. Concept of equivalent weight
Percentage composition of compounds and calculations of empirical and molecular formulae of compounds Stoichiometry and stoichiometric calculations limiting reagent
Methods of Expressing concentrations of solutions-mass percent, mole fraction, molarity, molality and normality
Redox reactions-classical idea of redox reactions, oxidation and reduction reactions-redox reactions in terms of electron transfer
Oxidation number concept
Types of Redox reactions-combination, decomposition, displacement and disproportionation reactions Balancing of redox reactions - oxidation number method Half reaction (ion-electron) method
Redox reactions in Titrimetry
Thermodynamics:
Thermodynamic Terms
The system and the surroundings
Types of systems and surroundings
The state of the system
The Internal Energy as a State Function. (a) Work (b) Heat (c) The general case, the first law of Thermodynamics Applications
Work
Enthalpy, H- a useful new state function
Extensive and intensive properties Heat capacity
The relationship between Cp and Cv
Measurement of DU and DH: Calorimetry Enthalpy change, Dr H of reactions - reaction Enthalpy (a) Standard enthalpy of reactions, (b) Enthalpy changes during transformations, (c) Standard enthalpy of formation, (d) Thermochemical equations (e) Hess’s law of constant Heat summation Enthalpies for different types of reactions.
(a) Standard enthalpy of combustion (âˆ†c H q ), (b) Enthalpy of atomization (âˆ†a H q ), phase transition, sublimation, and ionization, (c) Bond Enthalpy (âˆ†bondH q ), (d) Enthalpy of solution (âˆ†solH q ) and dilution-lattice enthalpy Spontaneity.
(a) Is decrease in enthalpy a criterion for spontaneity? (b) Entropy and spontaneity, the second law of thermodynamics, (c) Gibbs Energy and spontaneity
Gibbs Energy change and equilibrium Absolute entropy and the third law of thermodynamics.
Chemical Equilibrium And Acids-Bases:
Equilibrium in Physical process
Equilibrium in chemical process - Dynamic Equilibrium
Law of chemical Equilibrium - Law of mass action and Equilibrium constant
Homogeneous Equilibria, Equilibrium constant in gaseous systems.
Relationship between KP and Kc
Heterogeneous Equilibria
Applications of Equilibrium constant
Relationship between Equilibrium constant K, reaction quotient Q and Gibbs energy G
Factors affecting Equilibria. Principle application to the industrial synthesis of Ammonia and Sulphur trioxide
Ionic Equilibrium in solutions
Acids, bases and salts- Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis concepts of acids and bases
Ionisation of Acids and Bases -Ionisation constant of water and its ionic product- pH scale-ionization constants of weak acid ionization of weak bases-relation between Ka and Kb -Di and polybasic acids and di and poly acidic Bases-Factors affecting acid strength-Common ion effect in the ionization of acids and bases Hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions
Buffer solutions-designing of buffer solution-Preparation of Acidic buffer
Solubility Equilibria of sparingly soluble salts
Solubility product constant Common ion effect on solubility of Ionic Salts
Hydrogen And Its Compounds:
Position of hydrogen in the periodic table
Dihydrogen-Occurrence and Isotopes
Preparation of Dihydrogen
Properties of Dihydrogen
Hydrides: Ionic, covalent, and non-stoichiometric hydrides
Water: Physical properties
Structure of water and ice.
Chemical properties of water
hard and soft water, Temporary and permanent hardness of water
Hydrogen peroxide: Preparation
Physical properties
structure and chemical properties
storage and uses
Heavy Water
Hydrogen as a fuel.
The S - Block Elements (Alkali And Alkaline Earth Metals):
Group 1 Elements:
Alkali metals
Electronic configurations
Atomic and Ionic Radii
Ionization enthalpy
Hydration enthalpy
Physical properties
Chemical properties
Uses
General characteristics of the compounds of the alkali metals: Oxides
Halides
Salts of oxo Acids
Anomalous properties of Lithium: Differences and similarities with other alkali metals, Diagonal relationship
Similarities between Lithium and Magnesium
Some important compounds of Sodium: Sodium Carbonate Sodium Chloride
Sodium Hydroxide
Sodium hydrogen carbonate
The biological importance of Sodium and Potassium.
Group 2 Elements:
Alkaline earth elements
Electronic configuration
Ionization enthalpy
Hydration enthalpy
Physical properties, Chemical properties
Uses
General characteristics of compounds of the Alkaline Earth Metals: Oxides, hydroxides, halides, salts of oxoacids (Carbonates Sulphates and Nitrates)
Anomalous behavior of Beryllium
its diagonal relationship with Aluminium
Some important compounds of calcium: Preparation and uses of Calcium Oxide Calcium Hydroxide
Calcium Carbonate
Plaster of Paris
Cement
The biological importance of Calcium and Magnesium.
P- Block Elements Group 13 (Boron Family):
General introduction - Electronic configuration, Atomic radii, Ionization enthalpy, Electronegativity
Physical & Chemical properties
Important trends and anomalous properties of boron
Some important compounds of boron - Borax, Orthoboric acid, diborane
Uses of boron, aluminum, and their compounds.
p-Block Elements - Group 14 (Carbon Family):
General introduction - Electronic configuration, Atomic radii, Ionization enthalpy, Electronegativity
Physical & Chemical properties
Important trends and anomalous properties of carbon
Allotropes of carbon
Uses of carbon
Some important compounds of carbon and silicon -carbon-monoxide, carbon dioxide, Silica, silicones, silicates, and zeolites.
Environmental Chemistry:
Definition of terms: Air, Water, and Soil Pollutions
Environmental Pollution
Atmospheric pollution
Tropospheric Pollution
Gaseous Air Pollutants (Oxides of Sulphur Oxides of Nitrogen
Hydrocarbons
Oxides of Carbon (CO, CO2 ).
Global warming and Greenhouse effect
Acid Rain- Particulate Pollutants- Smog
Stratospheric Pollution: Formation and breakdown of Ozone- Ozone hole- effects of depletion of the Ozone Layer
Water Pollution: Causes of Water Pollution
International standards for drinking water
Soil Pollution: Pesticides, Industrial Wastes
Strategies to control environmental pollution- waste Management- collection and disposal
Green Chemistry: Green chemistry in day-to-day life
Dry cleaning of clothes
Bleaching of paper
Synthesis of chemicals.
Organic Chemistry-Some Basic Principles And Techniques And Hydrocarbons:
General introduction
Tetravalency of Carbon: shapes of organic compounds
Structural representations of organic compounds
Classification of organic compounds
Nomenclature of organic compounds
Isomerism
Fundamental concepts in organic reaction mechanisms
Fission of covalent bond
Nucleophiles and electrophiles
Electron movements in organic reactions
Electron displacement effects in covalent bonds: inductive effect, resonance, resonance effect, electromeric effect, hyperconjugation
Types of Organic reactions
Methods of purification of organic compounds
Qualitative elemental analysis of organic compounds
Quantitative elemental analysis of organic compounds.
Hydrocarbons:
Classification of Hydrocarbons
Alkanes - Nomenclature, isomerism (structural and conformations of ethane only)
Preparation of alkanes
Properties - Physical properties and chemical Reactivity, Substitution reactions - Halogenation(free radical mechanism), Combustion, Controlled Oxidation, Isomerisation, Aromatization, reaction with steam and Pyrolysis
Alkenes- Nomenclature, structure of ethene, Isomerism (structural and geometrical)
Methods of preparation
Properties- Physical and chemical reactions: Addition of Hydrogen, halogen, water, sulphuric acid, Hydrogen halides (Mechanism- ionic and peroxide effect, Markovnikov’s, antiMarkovnikov’s or Kharasch effect).
Oxidation, Ozonolysis, and Polymerization
Alkynes - Nomenclature and isomerism, the structure of acetylene.
Methods of preparation of acetylene
Physical properties, Chemical reactions- the acidic character of acetylene, addition reactions- of hydrogen, Halogen, Hydrogen halides and water.
Polymerization
Aromatic Hydrocarbons:
Nomenclature and isomerism, Structure of benzene, Resonance, and aromaticity
Preparation of benzene.
Physical properties.
Chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution.
Electrophilic substitution reactions- Nitration, Sulphonation, Halogenation, Friedel-Craft’ alkylation and acylation
Directive influence of functional groups in monosubstituted. benzene, Carcinogenicity, and toxicity.
Solid State:
General characteristics of solid-state Amorphous and crystalline solids
Classification of crystalline solids based on different binding forces (molecular, ionic, metallic and covalent solids)
Probing the structure of solids: X-ray crystallography
Crystal lattices and unit cells.
Bravais lattices primitive and centered unit cells.
The number of atoms in a unit cell (primitive, body-centered and face-centered cubic unit cell).
Calculations involving unit cell dimensions-density of the unit cell
Imperfections in solids-types of point defects-stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric defects
Electrical properties-conduction of electricity in metals, semiconductors, and insulators- band theory of metals
Magnetic properties.
Solutions:
Types of solutions
Expressing concentration of solutions - mass percentage, volume percentage, mass by volume percentage, parts per million, mole fraction, molarity and molality
Solubility: Solubility of a solid in a liquid, solubility of a gas in a liquid, Henry’s law
Vapour pressure of liquid solutions: vapour pressure of liquid-liquid solutions.
Raoult’s law as a special case of Henry’s law - vapour pressure of solutions of solids in liquids
Ideal and non-ideal solutions
Colligative properties and determination of molar mass-relative lowering of vapour pressure-elevation of boiling point-depression of freezing point-osmosis and osmotic pressure-reverse osmosis and water purification
Abnormal molar masses-van Hoff factor.
Electrochemistry And Chemical Kinetics Electrochemistry:
Electrochemical cells
Galvanic cells: measurement of electrode potentials
Nernst equation-equilibrium constant from Nernst equation- electrochemical cell and Gibbs energy of the cell reaction
Conductance of electrolytic solutions- measurement of the conductivity of ionic solutions-variation of conductivity and molar conductivity with concentration strong electrolytes and weak electrolytes-applications of Kohlrausch’s law
Electrolytic cells and electrolysis: Faraday’s laws of electrolysis-products of electrolysis
Batteries: primary batteries and secondary batteries
Fuel cells
Corrosion of metals-Hydrogen economy.
Chemical Kinetics:
Rate of a chemical reaction
Factors influencing rate of a reaction: dependence of rate on concentration- rate expression and rate constant- order of a reaction, molecularity of a reaction
Integrated rate equations-zero order reactions-first order reactions-half life of a reaction
Pseudo first order reaction
Temperature dependence of the rate of a reaction -effect of catalyst
Collision theory of chemical reaction rates.
Surface Chemistry:
Adsorption: Distinction between adsorption and absorption-mechanism of adsorption-types of adsorption-characteristics of physisorption-characteristics of chemisorptions-adsorption isotherms adsorption from solution phase-applications of adsorption
Catalysis: Catalysts, promoters, and poisons-auto catalysis- homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis-adsorption theory of heterogeneous catalysis-important features of solid catalysts: (a)activity (b)selectivity-shape-selective catalysis by zeolites-enzyme catalysis-characteristics and mechanism- catalysts in industry
Colloids
Classification of colloids: Classification based on physical state of dispersed phase and dispersion medium classification based on nature of interaction between dispersed phase and dispersion medium classification based on type of particles of the dispersed phase- multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids- cleansing action of soaps-preparation of colloids-purification of colloidal solutions- properties of colloidal solutions: Colligative properties, Tyndal effect, colour, Brownian movement-charge on colloidal particles, electrophoresis
Coagulation-precipitation methods coagulation of lyophilic sols and protection of colloids-Emulsions
Colloids around us- application of colloids.
General Principles Of Metallurgy:
Occurrence of metals
Concentration of ores-levigation, magnetic separation, froth flotation, leaching
Extraction of crude metal from concentrated ore-conversion to oxide, reduction of oxide to the metal
Thermodynamic principles of metallurgy – Ellingham diagram-limitations-application extraction of iron, copper and zinc from their oxides
Electrochemical principles of metallurgy
Oxidation and reduction
Refining of crude metal-distillation, liquation polling, electrolytic refining, zone refining and vapour phase refining
Uses of aluminum, copper, zinc, and iron
P-Block Elements:
Group-15 Elements:
Occurrence- electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electronegativity, physical and chemical properties
Dinitrogen-preparation, properties, and uses
Compounds of nitrogen-preparation, properties and uses of ammonia
Oxides of nitrogen
Preparation and properties of nitric acid
Phosphorous-allotropic forms Phosphine-preparation, properties and uses
Phosphorus halides
Oxoacids of phosphorous
Group-16 Elements:
Occurrence- electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, physical and chemical properties
Dioxygenpreparation, properties, and uses
Simple oxides
Ozone-preparation, properties, structure, and uses
Sulphur-allotropic forms
Sulphur dioxide-preparation, properties and uses
Oxoacids of Sulphur
Sulphuric acid- manufacture, properties, and uses.
Group-17 Elements:
Occurrence, electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, physical and chemical properties
Chlorinepreparation, properties, and uses
Hydrogen chloride- preparation, properties and uses
Oxoacids of halogens
Interhalogen compounds- preparation, properties, and uses.
Group-18 Elements:
Occurrence, electronic configuration, ionization enthalpy, atomic radii, electron gain enthalpy, physical and chemical properties (a) Xenon-fluorine compoundsXeF2 ,XeF4 and XeF6 -preparation, hydrolysis and formation of fluoro anions-structures of XeF2 , XeF4 and XeF6 (b) Xenon-oxygen compounds XeO3 and XeOF4 - their formation and structures-uses of noble gases.
D And F Block Elements & Coordination Compounds:
d and f Block Elements:
Position in the periodic table
Electronic configuration of the d-block elements
General properties of the transition elements (d-block) -physical properties, variation in atomic and ionic sizes of transition series, ionisation enthalpies, oxidation states, trends in the M²+/M and M³+/M²+ standard electrode potentials, trends in stability of higher oxidation states, chemical reactivity and Eθ values, magnetic properties, formation of coloured ions, formation of complex compounds, catalytic properties, formation of interstitial compounds, alloy formation Some important compounds of transition elements-oxides and oxoanions of metals-preparation, properties and uses of potassium dichromate and potassium permanganate-structures of chromate, dichromate, manganate and permanganate ions
Inner transition elements(f-block)-lanthanoids- electronic configuration-atomic and ionic sizes-oxidation states- general characteristics
Actinoidselectronic configuration atomic and ionic sizes, oxidation states, general characteristics and comparison with lanthanoids
Some applications of d and f block elements.
Coordination Compounds:
Werner’s theory of coordination compounds
Definitions of some terms used in coordination compounds
Nomenclature of coordination compounds-IUPAC nomenclature
Isomerism in coordination compounds- (a)Stereo isomerism-Geometrical and optical isomerism (b)Structural isomerism-linkage, coordination, ionization and hydrate isomerism
Bonding in coordination compounds. (a)Valence bond theory - magnetic properties of coordination compounds-limitations of valence bond theory (b) Crystal field theory (i) Crystal field splitting in octahedral and tetrahedral coordination entities (ii) Colour in coordination compounds-limitations of crystal field theory
Bonding in metal carbonyls
Stability of coordination compounds
Importance and applications of coordination compounds.
Polymers:
Classification of Polymers -Classification based on source, structure, mode of polymerization, molecular forces and growth polymerization
Types of polymerization reactions-addition polymerization or chain growth polymerization-ionic polymerization, free radical mechanic preparation of addition polymers-polythene, Teflon and polyacrylonitrile-condensation polymerization or step growth polymerization-polyamides-preparation of Nylon 6,6 and nylon 6-poly esters-terylene-bakelite, melamine-formaldehyde polymers
copolymerization-Rubber-natural rubber-vulcanization of rubber-Synthetic rubbers-preparation of neoprene and Buna-N
Molecular mass of polymers-number average and weight average molecular masses- polydispersity index(PDI)
Biodegradable polymers-PHBV, Nylon 2-nylon 6
Polymers of commercial importance polypropene, polystyrene, polyvinylchloride (PVC), urea-formaldehyde resin, glyptal, and Bakelite - their monomers, structures, and uses.
Biomolecules:
Carbohydrates - Classification of Carbohydrates- Monosaccharides: preparation of glucose from sucrose and starch- Properties and structure of glucose- D, L configurations and (+), (-) notations of glucose-Structure of fructose
Disaccharides: Sucrose- preparation, structure
Invert sugar- Structures of maltose and lactose-Polysaccharides: Structures of starch, cellulose, and glycogen- Importance of carbohydrates
Proteins-Aminoacids: Natural aminoacids-classification of amino acids - structures and D and L forms- Zwitter ions
Proteins: Structures, classification, fibrous and globular- primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins- Denaturation of proteins
Enzymes: Enzymes, mechanism of enzyme action
Vitamins: Explanation-names classification of vitamins - sources of vitamin-deficiency diseases of different types of vitamins
Nucleic acids: chemical composition of nucleic acids, structures of nucleic acids, DNA fingerprinting biological functions of nucleic acids Hormones: Definition, different types of hormones, their production, biological activity, diseases due to their abnormal activities.
Chemistry In Everyday Life:
Drugs and their classification: (a) Classification of drugs on the basis of pharmacological effect (b) Classification of drugs on the basis of drug action (c) Classification of drugs on the basis of chemical structure (d) Classification of drugs on the basis of molecular targets
Drug-Target interaction enzymes as drug targets (a) Catalytic action of enzymes (b) Drug-enzyme interaction, receptors as drug targets
Therapeutic action of different classes of drugs: antacids, antihistamines, neurologically active drugs: tranquilizers, analgesics-non-narcotic, narcotic analgesics, antimicrobials-antibiotics, antiseptics, and disinfectants- antifertility drugs
Chemicals in food-artificial sweetening agents, food preservatives, antioxidants in food
Cleansing agents-soaps and synthetic detergents – types and examples.
Haloalkanes And Haloarenes:
Classification and nomenclature
Nature of C-X bond
Methods of preparation: Alkyl halides and aryl halides-from alcohols, from hydrocarbons (a) by free radical halogenation (b) by electrophilic substitution (c) by replacement of diazonium group(Sandmeyer reaction) (d) by the addition of hydrogen halides and halogens to alkenes-by halogen exchange reactions Physical properties melting and boiling points, density and solubility
Chemical reactions: Reactions of haloalkanes (i)Nucleophilic substitution reactions (a) SN² mechanism (b) SN¹ mechanism (c) stereochemical aspects of nucleophilic substitution reactions-optical activity (ii) Elimination reactions (iii) Reaction with metals-Reactions of haloarenes: (i) Nucleophilic substitution (ii)Electrophilic substitution and (iii) Reaction with metals
Polyhalogen compounds: Uses and environmental effects of dichloromethane, trichloromethane triiodomethane, tetrachloromethane, freons, and DDT.
Organic Compounds Containing C, H, And O:
(Alcohols, Phenols, Ethers, Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic acids)
Alcohols, Phenols, And Ethers:
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers -classification
Nomenclature: (a)Alcohols, (b)phenols and (c) ethers Structures of hydroxy and ether functional groups
Methods of preparation: Alcohols from alkenes and carbonyl compounds, from Grignard reagents
Phenols from haloarenes, benzene sulphonic acid, diazonium salts, cumene
Physical properties of alcohols and phenols
Chemical reactions of alcohols and phenols (i) Reactions involving cleavage of O-H bond in alcohols-Acidity of alcohols and phenols, esterification (ii) Reactions involving cleavage of C-O bond- reactions with HX, PX3 , dehydration and oxidation (iii) Reactions of phenols- electrophilic aromatic substitution, Kolbe’s reaction, Reimer - Tiemann reaction, reaction with zinc dust, oxidation
Commercially important alcohols (methanol, ethanol)
Ethers-Methods of preparation: By dehydration of alcohols, Williamson synthesis- Physical properties-Chemical reactions: Cleavage of C-O bond and electrophilic substitution of aromatic ethers (anisole).
Aldehydes And Ketones:
Nomenclature and structure of carbonyl group
Preparation of aldehydes and ketones-(1) by oxidation of alcohols (2) by dehydrogenation of alcohols (3) from hydrocarbons -Preparation of aldehydes (1) from acyl chlorides (2) from nitriles and esters(3) from hydrocarbons-Preparation of ketones(1) from acyl chlorides (2)from nitriles (3)from benzene or substituted benzenes
Physical properties of aldehydes and ketones
Chemical reactions of aldehydes and ketones-nucleophilic addition, reduction, oxidation, reactions due to α - Hydrogen and other reactions (Cannizzaro reaction, electrophilic substitution reaction)
Uses of aldehydes and ketones.
Carboxylic Acids:
Nomenclature and structure of carboxyl group
Methods of preparation of carboxylic acids (1)from primary alcohols and aldehydes (2) from alkylbenzenes (3)from nitriles and amides (4)from Grignard reagents (5) from acyl halides and anhydrides (6) from esters
Physical properties
Chemical reactions: (i) Reactions involving cleavage of O-H bond-acidity, reactions with metals and alkalies (ii) Reactions involving cleavage of C-OH bond-formation of anhydride, reactions with PCl5 , PCl3 , SOCl2 , esterification and reaction with ammonia (iii) Reactions involving-COOH group-reduction, decarboxylation (iv) Substitution reactions in the hydrocarbon part - halogenation and ring substitution
Uses of carboxylic acids.
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen:
Amines:
Structure of amines
Classification
Nomenclature
Preparation of amines: reduction of nitro compounds, ammonolysis of alkyl halides, reduction of nitriles, reduction of amides, Gabriel phthalimide synthesis and Hoffmann bromamide degradation reaction
Physical properties
Chemical reactions: the basic character of amines, alkylation, acylation, carbyl amine reaction, reaction with nitrous acid, reaction with aryl sulphonyl chloride, electrophilic substitution of aromatic amines (aniline)-bromination, nitration, and sulphonation.
Diazonium Salts:
Methods of preparation of diazonium salts (by diazotization) Physical properties
Chemical reactions: Reactions involving displacement of Nitrogen
Sandmeyer reaction, Gatterman reaction, replacement by i) iodide and fluoride ions ii) hydrogen, hydroxyl and Nitro groups reactions involving retention of diazo group
Coupling reactions
The importance of diazonium salts in the synthesis of aromatic compounds.
Cyanides And Isocyanides:
Units And Measurements:
The international system of units
Measurement of Length
Measurement of Large Distances
Estimation of Very Small Distances
Size of a Molecule
Range of Lengths
Measurement of Mass
Range of Masses
Measurement of time
Accuracy
Precision of instruments and errors in measurement
Systematic errors
Random errors
Least count error
Absolute Error
Relative Error and Percentage Error
Combination of Errors
Significant figures
Rules for Arithmetic Operations with Significant Figures
Rounding off the Uncertain Digits
Rules for Determining the Uncertainty in the Results of Arithmetic Calculations
Dimensions of Physical Quantities
Dimensional Formulae and dimensional equations
Dimensional Analysis and its Applications
Checking the Dimensional Consistency of Equations
Deducing Relation among the Physical Quantities
Motion In A Straight Line:
Position
path length and displacement
Average velocity and average speed
Instantaneous velocity and speed
Acceleration, Kinematic equations for uniformly accelerated motion
Relative velocity
Motion In A Plane:
Scalars and vectors
Position and displacement vectors
Equality of vectors
Multiplication of vectors by real numbers
Addition and subtraction of vectors - graphical method
Resolution of vectors
Vector addition - analytical method
Motion in a plane
Position vector and displacement
Velocity, acceleration
Motion in a plane with constant acceleration
Relative velocity in two dimensions
Projectile motion
Equation of path of a projectile
Time of maximum height
Maximum height of a projectile
Horizontal range of projectile
Uniform circular motion
Laws Of Motion:
Aristotle’s fallacy
The law of inertia
Newton’s first law of motion
Newton’s second law of motion, momentum
Impulse
Newton’s third law of motion
Conservation of momentum
Equilibrium of a particle
Common forces in mechanics
Friction, types of friction
Static, kinetic and rolling frictions
Circular motion
Motion of a car on a level road
Motion of a car on a banked road, solving problems in mechanics
Work, Energy, And Power:
The Scalar Product
Notions of work and kinetic energy
The work-energy theorem
Work, Kinetic energy
Work done by a variable force
The work-energy theorem for a variable force
The concept of Potential Energy
The conservation of Mechanical Energy
The Potential Energy of a spring
Various forms of energy
Heat
Chemical Energy
Electrical Energy
The Equivalence of Mass and Energy
Nuclear Energy
The Principle of Conservation of Energy
Power, Collisions
Elastic and Inelastic Collisions
Collisions in one dimension
Coefficient of Restitution and its determination
Collisions in Two Dimensions
Systems Of Particles And Rotational Motion:
Rigid body motion
Centre of mass
Centre of Gravity
Motion of Centre of mass
Linear momentum of a system of particles
Vector product of two vectors
Angular velocity and its relation with linear velocity
Angular acceleration
Kinematics of rotational motion about a fixed axis
Moment of force (Torque)
Angular momentum of particle
Torque and angular momentum for a system of a particles
Conservation of angular momentum
Equilibrium of a rigid body
Principle of moments
Moment of inertia
Theorems of perpendicular and parallel axes
Dynamics of rotational motion about a fixed axis
Angular momentum in case of rotation about a fixed axis
Rolling motion
Kinetic Energy of Rolling Motion
Oscillations:
Periodic and oscillatory motions
Period and frequency
Displacement
Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.)
Simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion
Velocity and acceleration in simple harmonic motion
Force law for Simple Harmonic Motion
Energy in simple harmonic motion
Some systems executing Simple Harmonic Motion
Oscillations due to a spring
The Simple Pendulum
Damped simple harmonic motion
Forced oscillations and resonance
Gravitation:
Kepler’s laws
Universal law of gravitation
central forces
the gravitational constant
Acceleration due to gravity of the earth
Acceleration due to gravity below and above the surface of earth
Gravitational potential energy
Escape speed
Orbital Speed
Earth satellites
Energy of an orbiting satellite
Geostationary and polar satellites
Weightlessness
Mechanical Properties Of Solids:
Elastic behaviour of solids
Stress and strain
Hooke’s law
Stress-strain curve
Elastic moduli
Young’s Modulus
Determination of Young’s Modulus of the Material of a Wire
Shear Modulus
Bulk Modulus
Poisson’s Ratio
Elastic Potential Energy in a Stretched wire
Applications of elastic behaviour of materials
Mechanical Properties Of Fluids:
Pressure
Pascal’s Law
Variation of Pressure with Depth
Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure
Hydraulic Machines
Archimedes’ Principle
Streamline flow
Bernoulli’s principle
Speed of Efflux
Torricelli’s Law
Venturi-meter
Blood Flow and Heart Attack
Dynamic Lift
Viscosity
Variation of Viscosity of fluids with temperature
Stokes’ Law
Reynolds number
Critical Velocity
Surface tension and Surface Energy
Angle of Contact
Drops and Bubbles
Capillary Rise
Detergents and Surface Tension
Thermal Properties Of Matter:
Temperature and heat
Measurement of temperature
Ideal-gas equation and absolute temperature
Thermal expansion
Specific heat capacity
Calorimetry
Change of state
Triple Point
Regulation
Latent Heat
Heat transfer
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Black body Radiation
Greenhouse Effect
Newton’s law of cooling and its experimental verification
Thermodynamics:
Thermal equilibrium
Zeroth law of thermodynamics
Heat
Internal Energy and work
First law of thermodynamics
Specific heat capacity
Specific heat capacity of water
Thermodynamic state variables and Equation of State
Thermodynamic processes
Quasi-static process
Isothermal Process
Adiabatic Process
Isochoric Process
Isobaric process
Cyclic process
Heat engines
Refrigerators and heat pumps
Second law of thermodynamics
Reversible and irreversible processes
Carnot engine
Carnot’s theorem
Kinetic Theory:
Molecular nature of matter
Behaviour of gases
Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law
Kinetic theory of an ideal gas
Pressure of an Ideal Gas
Kinetic interpretation of temperature
Law of equipartition of energy
Specific heat capacity
Monatomic Gases
Diatomic Gases
Polyatomic Gases
Specific Heat Capacity of Solids
Specific Heat Capacity of Water
Mean free path
Waves:
Transverse and longitudinal waves
Displacement Relation In A Progressive Wave
Amplitude And Phase
Wavelength And Angular Wave Number
Period
Angular Frequency And Frequency
The Speed Of A Travelling Wave
Speed Of A Transverse Wave On Stretched String
Speed Of A Longitudinal Wave (Speed Of Sound)
The Principle Of Superposition Of Waves
Reflection Of Waves
Standing Waves And Normal Modes
Beats
Doppler Effect: Source Moving And Observer Stationary
Observer Moving And Source Stationary
Both Source And Observer Moving
Ray Optics And Optical Instruments:
Reflection Of Light By Spherical Mirrors
Sign Convention
Focal Length Of Spherical Mirrors
The Mirror Equation
Refraction
Total Internal Reflection
Total Internal Reflection In Nature And Its Technological Applications
Refraction At Spherical Surfaces And By Lenses, Power Of A Lens
Combination Of Thin Lenses In Contact, Refraction Through A Prism
Dispersion By A Prism
Some Natural Phenomena Due To Sunlight
The Rainbow, Scattering Of Light
Optical Instruments
The Eye
The Simple And Compound Microscopes
Refracting Telescope And Cassegrain Reflecting Telescope
Wave Optics:
Huygens Principle
Refraction And Reflection Of Plane Waves Using Huygens Principle
Refraction In A Rarer Medium (At The Denser Medium Boundary)
Reflection Of A Plane Wave By A Plane Surface
The Doppler Effect
Coherent And Incoherent Addition Of Waves
Interference Of Light Waves And Young‘S Experiment, Diffraction
The Single Slit Diffraction
Resolving Power Of Optical Instruments
The Validity Of Ray Optics
Polarisation
Polarisation By Scattering
Polarisation By Reflection
Electric Charges And Fields:
Electric Charge
Conductors And Insulators
Charging By Induction
Basic Properties Of Electric Charges
Additivity Of Charges
Conservation Of Charge
Quantization Of Charge
Coulomb’s Law
Forces Between Multiple Charges
Electric Field
Electric Field Due To A System Of Charges
Physical Significance Of Electric Field
Electric Field Lines
Electric Flux
Electric Dipole
The Field Of An Electric Dipole For Points On The Axial Line And On The Equatorial Plane
Physical Significance Of Dipoles
Dipole In A Uniform External Field
Continuous Charge Distribution
Gauss’s Law
Applications Of Gauss’s Law
Field Due To An Infinitely Long Straight Uniformly Charged Wire
Field Due To A Uniformly Charged Infinite Plane Sheet
Field Due To A Uniformly Charged Thin Spherical Shell
Electrostatic Potential And Capacitance:
Electrostatic Potential
Potential Due To A Point Charge
Potential Due To An Electric Dipole
Potential Due To A System Of Charges
Equipotential Surfaces
Relation Between Field And Potential
Potential Energy Of A System Of Charges
Potential Energy In An External Field
Potential Energy Of A Single Charge
Potential Energy Of A System Of Two Charges In An External Field
Potential Energy Of A Dipole In An External Field
Electrostatics Of Conductors
Electrostatic Shielding
Dielectrics And Polarisation
Electric Displacement
Capacitors And Capacitance
The Parallel Plate Capacitor
Effect Of Dielectric On Capacitance
Combination Of Capacitors
Capacitors In Series
Capacitors In Parallel
Energy Stored In A Capacitor
Van De Graaff Generator
Current Electricity:
Electric Current
Electric Current In Conductors
Ohm’s Law
Drift Of Electrons And The Origin Of Resistivity
Mobility
Limitations Of Ohm’s Law
Resistivity Of Various Materials
Colour Code Of Resistors
Temperature Dependence Of Resistivity
Electrical Energy
Power
Combination Of Resistors – Series And Parallel
Cells
EMF
Internal Resistance
Cells In Series And In Parallel
Kirchhoff’s Rules
Wheatstone Bridge
Meter Bridge
Potentiometer
Moving Charges And Magnetism:
Magnetic Force
Sources And Fields
Magnetic Field
Lorentz Force
Magnetic Force On A Current Carrying Conductor
Motion In A Magnetic Field
Helical Motion Of Charged Particles
Motion In Combined Electric And Magnetic Fields
Velocity Selector
Cyclotron
Magnetic Field Due To A Current Element
Biot – Savart’s Law
Magnetic Field On The Axis Of A Circular Current Loop
Ampere’s Circuital Law
The Solenoid And The Toroid
Force Between Two Parallel Current-Carrying Conductors
The Ampere (UNIT)
Torque On Current Loop
Magnetic Dipole
Torque On A Rectangular Current Loop In A Uniform Magnetic Field
Circular Current Loop As A Magnetic Dipole
The Magnetic Dipole Moment Of A Revolving Electron
The Moving Coil Galvanometer
Conversion Into Ammeter And Voltmeter
Magnetism And Matter:
The Bar Magnet
The Magnetic Field Lines
Bar Magnet As An Equivalent Solenoid
The Dipole In A Uniform Magnetic Field
The Electrostatic Analog
Magnetism And Gauss’s Law
The Earth’s Magnetism
Magnetic Declination And Dip
Magnetisation And Magnetic Intensity
Susceptibility
Magnetic Properties Of Materials
Diamagnetism
Paramagnetism
Ferromagnetism
Hysteresis Loop
Permanent Magnets And Electromagnets
Electromagnetic Induction:
The Experiments Of Faraday And Henry
Magnetic Flux
Faraday’s Law Of Induction
Lenz’s Law And Conservation Of Energy
Motional Electromotive Force
Energy Consideration - A Quantitative Study
Eddy Currents
Inductance
Mutual Inductance
Self Inductance
AC Generator
Alternating Current:
AC Voltage Applied To A Resistor
Representation Of AC Current And Voltage By Rotating Vectors - Phasors
AC Voltage Applied To An Inductor
AC Voltage Applied To A Capacitor
AC Voltage Applied To A Series LCR Circuit
Phasor – Diagram Solution
Analytical Solution
Resonance
Sharpness Of Resonance
Power In AC Circuit
The Power Factor
LC Oscillations
Transformers
Electromagnetic Waves:
Displacement Current
Maxwell’s Equations
Electromagnetic Waves
Sources Of Electromagnetic Waves
Nature Of Electromagnetic Waves
Electromagnetic Spectrum: Radio Waves
Microwaves
Infrared Waves
Visible Rays
Ultraviolet Rays
X-Rays
Gamma Rays
Dual Nature Of Radiation And Matter:
Electron Emission
Photoelectric Effect
Hertz’s Observations
Hallwachs And Lenard’s Observations
Experimental Study Of Photoelectric Effect
Effect Of Intensity Of Light On Photocurrent
Effect Of Potential On Photoelectric Current
Effect Of Frequency Of Incident Radiation On Stopping Potential
Photoelectric Effect And Wave Theory Of Light
Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation
Energy Quantum Of Radiation
Particle Nature Of Light
The Photon
Wave Nature Of Matter
Photocell
Davisson And Germer Experiment
Atoms:
Alpha Particle Scattering And Rutherford’s Nuclear Model Of Atom
Alpha Particle Trajectory
Electron Orbits
Atomic Spectra
Spectral Series
Bohr Model Of The Hydrogen Atom
Energy Levels
Franck – Hertz Experiment
The Line Spectra Of The Hydrogen Atom
De Broglie’s Explanation Of Bohr’s Second Postulate Of Quantization
Nuclei:
Atomic Masses And Composition Of Nucleus
Discovery Of Neutron
Size Of The Nucleus
Mass - Energy And Nuclear Binding Energy
Nuclear Force
Radioactivity
Law Of Radioactive Decay
Alpha Decay
Beta Decay
Gamma Decay
Nuclear Energy
Fission
Nuclear Reactor
Nuclear Fusion
Energy Generation In Stars
Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion
Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices And Simple Circuits:
Classification Of Metals
Conductors
And Semiconductors On The Basis Of Conductivity And Energy Bands
Band Theory Of Solids
Intrinsic Semiconductor
Extrinsic Semiconductor
P-Type Semiconductor
N-Type Semiconductor
P-N Junction Formation
Semiconductor Diode
P-N Junction Diode Under Forward Bias
P-N Junction Diode Under Reverse Bias
Application Of Junction Diode As A Rectifier
Special Purpose P-N Junction Diodes
Zener Diode
Zener Diode As Voltage Regulator
Optoelectronic Junction Devices
Photodiode
Light Emitting Diode
Solar Cell
Junction Transistor
Structure And Action
Basic Transistor Circuit Configurations And Transistor Characteristics
Transistor As A Switch And As An Amplifier (CE – Configuration)
A Feedback Amplifier And Transistor Oscillator
Digital Electronics And Logic Gates
NOT, OR, AND, NAND And NOR Gates, Integrated Circuits
Communication Systems:
Elements Of A Communication System
Basic Terminology Used In Electronic Communication Systems
Bandwidth Of Signals
Bandwidth Of Transmission Medium
Propagation Of Electromagnetic Waves
Ground Waves
Sky Waves
Space Wave
Modulation And Its Necessity
Size Of The Antenna Or Aerial
Effective Power Radiated By An Antenna
Mixing Up Of Signals From Different Transmitters
Amplitude Modulation
Production Of Amplitude Modulated Wave
Detection Of Amplitude Modulated Wave
Algebra:
Functions: Types of functions – Definitions - Inverse functions and Theorems - Domain, Range, Inverse of real-valued functions.
Mathematical Induction: Principle of Mathematical Induction & Theorems - Applications of Mathematical Induction - Problems on divisibility.
Matrices: Types of matrices - Scalar multiple of a matrix and multiplication of matrices - Transpose of a matrix - Determinants - Adjoint and Inverse of a matrix - Consistency and inconsistency of Equations- Rank of a matrix - Solution of simultaneous linear equations.
Complex Numbers: Complex number as an ordered pair of real numbers- fundamental operations - Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib - Modulus and amplitude of complex numbers –Illustrations - Geometrical and Polar Representation of complex numbers in Argand
De Moivre’s Theorem: De Moivre’s theorem- Integral and Rational indices - nth roots of unit geometrical Interpretations – Illustrations.
Quadratic Expressions: Quadratic expressions, equations in one variable - Sign of quadratic expressions – Change in signs – Maximum and minimum values - Quadratic inequations.
Theory of Equations: The relation between the roots and coefficients in an equation - Solving the equations when two or more roots of it are connected by certain relation - Equation with real coefficients, the occurrence of complex roots in conjugate pairs and its consequences - Transformation of equations - Reciprocal Equations.
Permutations and Combinations: Fundamental Principle of counting – linear and circular permutations- Permutations of ‘n’ dissimilar things taken ‘r’ at a time - Permutations when repetitions allowed - Circular permutations - Permutations with constraint repetitions - Combinations-definitions, certain theorems, and their applications.
Binomial Theorem: Binomial theorem for positive integral index - Binomial theorem for rational Index (without proof) - Approximations using Binomial theorem.
Partial fractions: Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains non repeated linear factors - Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) where both f(x) and g(x) are polynomials and when g(x) contains repeated and/or non-repeated linear factors - Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains irreducible factors.
Trigonometry:
Trigonometric Ratios up to Transformations: Graphs and Periodicity of Trigonometric functions - Trigonometric ratios and Compound angles - Trigonometric ratios of multiple and sub-multiple angles - Transformations - Sum and Product rules.
Trigonometric Equations: General Solution of Trigonometric Equations - Simple Trigonometric Equations – Solutions.
Inverse Trigonometric Functions: To reduce a Trigonometric Function into a bijection - Graphs of Inverse Trigonometric Functions - Properties of Inverse Trigonometric Functions.
Hyperbolic Functions: Definition of Hyperbolic Function – Graphs - Definition of Inverse Hyperbolic Functions – Graphs - Addition formulae of Hyperbolic Functions.
Properties of Triangles: Relation between sides and angles of a Triangle - Sine, Cosine, Tangent and Projection rules - Half angle formulae and areas of a triangle – Incircle and Excircle of a Triangle.
Vector Algebra:
The addition of Vectors: Vectors as a triad of real numbers - Classification of vectors - Addition of vectors - Scalar multiplication - Angle between two non zero vectors - Linear combination of vectors - Component of a vector in three dimensions - Vector equations of line and plane including their Cartesian equivalent forms.
Product of Vectors: Scalar Product - Geometrical Interpretations - orthogonal projections - Properties of dot product - Expression of dot product in i, j, k system - Angle between two vectors - Geometrical Vector methods - Vector equations of plane in normal form - Angle between two planes - Vector product of two vectors and properties - Vector product in i, j, k system - Vector Areas - Scalar Triple Product - Vector equations of plane in different forms, skew lines, shortest distance and their Cartesian equivalents. The plane through the line of intersection of two planes, condition for coplanarity of two lines, perpendicular distance of a point from a plane, the angle between the line and a plane. Cartesian equivalents of all these results - Vector Triple Product – Results.
Measures Of Dispersion And Probability:
Measures of Dispersion - Range - Mean deviation - Variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data - Coefficient of variation and analysis of frequency distribution with equal means but different variances.
Probability: Random experiments and events - Classical definition of probability, Axiomatic approach and addition theorem of probability - Independent and dependent events - conditional probability- multiplication theorem and Baye’s theorem and applications.
Random Variables and Probability Distributions: Random Variables - Theoretical discrete distributions – Binomial and Poisson Distributions.
Coordinate Geometry:
Locus: Definition of locus – Illustrations - To find equations of locus - Problems connected to it.
Transformation of Axes: Transformation of axes - Rules, Derivations, and Illustrations - Rotation of axes - Derivations – Illustrations.
The Straight Line: Revision of fundamental results - Straight line - Normal form – Illustrations - Straight line - Symmetric form - Straight line - Reduction into various forms - Intersection of two Straight Lines - Family of straight lines - Concurrent lines - Condition for Concurrent lines - Angle between two lines - Length of perpendicular from a point to a Line - Distance between two parallel lines - Concurrent lines - properties related to a triangle.
Pair of Straight lines: Equations of pair of lines passing through origin - angle between a pair of lines - Condition for perpendicular and coincident lines, bisectors of angles - Pair of bisectors of angles - Pair of lines - second degree general equation - Conditions for parallel lines - distance between them, Point of intersection of pair of lines - Homogenizing a second degree equation with a first degree equation in x and y .
Circle: Equation of circle -standard form-centre and radius equation of a circle with a given line segment as diameter & equation of circle through three non collinear points - parametric equations of a circle - Position of a point in the plane of a circle – power of a point-definition of tangent-length of tangent - Position of a straight line in the plane of a circle-conditions for a line to be tangent – chord joining two points on a circle – equation of the tangent at a point on the circle- point of contact equation of normal - Chord of contact - pole and polar-conjugate points and conjugate lines - equation of chord in term of its midpoint - Relative position of two circles- circles touching each other externally, internally- common tangents –centers of similitude- equation of pair of tangents from an external point.
A system of circles: Angle between two intersecting circles - Radical axis of two circles properties- Common chord and common tangent of two circles – radical center.
Parabola: Conic sections –Parabola- the equation of the parabola in standard form-different forms of the parabola- parametric equations - Equations of tangent and normal at a point on the parabola ( Cartesian and parametric) - conditions for a straight line to be a tangent.
Ellipse: Equation of ellipse in standard form- Parametric equations - Equation of tangent and normal at a point on the ellipse (Cartesian and parametric) - condition for a straight line to be a tangent.
Hyperbola: Equation of hyperbola in standard form- Parametric equations - Equations of tangent and normal at a point on the hyperbola (Cartesian and parametric) - conditions for a straight line to be a tangent- Asymptotes.
Three Dimensional Coordinates: Coordinates - Section formulae - Centroid of a triangle and tetrahedron.
Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios: Direction Cosines - Direction Ratios.
Plane: Cartesian equation of Plane - Simple Illustrations.
Calculus:
Limits and Continuity: Intervals and neighborhoods – Limits - Standard Limits – Continuity
Differentiation: Derivative of a function - Elementary Properties - Trigonometric, Inverse Trigonometric, Hyperbolic, Inverse Hyperbolic Function – Derivatives - Methods of Differentiation - Second Order Derivatives
Applications of Derivatives: Errors and approximations - Geometrical Interpretation of a derivative - Equations of tangents and normals - Lengths of tangent, normal, sub tangent and subnormal - Angles between two curves and condition for orthogonality of curves - Derivative as Rate of change - Rolle’s Theorem and Lagrange’s Mean value theorem without proofs and their geometrical interpretation - Increasing and decreasing functions - Maxima and Minima
Integration: Integration as the inverse process of differentiation- Standard forms -properties of integrals - Method of substitution- integration of Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions - Integration by parts – Integration by Partial fractions method - Reduction formulae
Definite Integrals: Definite Integral as the limit of sum - Interpretation of Definite Integral as an area - Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus (without proof) – Properties - Reduction formulae - Application of Definite integral to areas
Differential equations: Formation of differential equation-Degree and order of an ordinary differential equation - Solving differential equation by i) Variables separable method, ii) Homogeneous differential equation, iii) Non - Homogeneous differential equation, iv) Linear differential equations
Botany Syllabus:
Diversity in the living world:
The living world
Biological Classification
Science of plants – Botany
Plant Kingdom
Structural Organisation in Plants- Morphology:
Morphology of Flowering Plants
Vegetative: Parts of a typical Angiospermic plant; Vegetative morphology and modifications- Root, Stem, and Leaf- types; Venation, Phyllotaxy.
Reproductive: Inflorescence - Racemose, Cymose, and special types
Flower
Reproduction in Plants:
Modes of reproduction
Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Plant Systematics:
Taxonomy of angiosperms
Cell Strucuture and Function:
Cell-The unit if life
Biomolecules
Cell cycle and Cell Division
Internal Organisation in Plants:
Histology and Anatomy of Flowering Plants
Plant Ecology:
Ecological Adaptations, Succession, and Ecological Services
Plant Physiology:
Transport in plants
Plant water relations
Long distance transport of water
Mineral nutrition
Enzymes
Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
respiration of plants
Plant growth and development
Micro-Biology:
Bacteria
Viruses
Genetics:
Principles of genetics and variation
Molecular Biology:
Molecular basis of inheritance
Biotechnology:
Principles and processes of Biotechnology
Biotechnology and its application
Plants,Microbes and Human Welfare:
Strategies for enhancement of food
Microbes in Human welfare.
Zoology Syllabus:
Diversity of the living world
Structural Organisation in Animals
Animal diversity-Invertebrate Phyla
Animal diversity-phylum Chordata
Locomotion and reproduction in protozoa
Biology and human welfare
Type study of Periplaneta americana
Ecology and environment
Human anatomy and physiology-I
Human anatomy and physiology-II
Human anatomy and physiology-III
Human anatomy and physiology-IV
Human reproduction
Reproductive health
Human reproduction system
Genetics
Organic evolution
Applied biology
Details about the syllabus of the EP EAMCET
Hi Rohan, you can refer the syllabus by going the AP EAMCET Syllabus link
Syllabus for the AP EAMCET
To know the syllabus for NEET Exam 2018 please go through the link NEET Syllabus.
Hi Vishwajeet, you can get the details about the syllabus at AP EAMCET link
What is the Syllabus for AP EAMCET 2017 Chemistry?
The Syllabus for Chemistry in AP EAMCET 2017 is as follows:
The Mathematics syllabus is given below:
Number System
Algebra
Trigonometry
Vector Algebra
Probability
Co-ordinate Geometry
Calculus
What is the AP EAMCET syllabus for Physics?
The syllabus for Physics is given below:
Physics world
Units and measurement
Elements of Vectors
Kinematics & Dynamics
Collisions & Friction
Center of Mass (CM)
Gravitation
Elasticity
Fluid Mechanics
Where will I get the syllabus details for EAMCET?
The candidates appearing for AP EAMCET can take a look at the following syllabus:
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Classification of elements
Periodicity in properties
Stoichiometry
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
Solutions
Electro Chemistry etc.
Physics world
Units and measurement
Elements of Vectors
Kinematics & Dynamics
Collisions & Friction
Center of Mass (CM)
Gravitation
Elasticity
Fluid Mechanics
Number System
Algebra
Trigonometry
Vector Algebra
Probability
Co-ordinate Geometry
Calculus