JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2024: Physical Chemistry, Organic, Inorganic

Hafsha Qureshi
Hafsha Qureshi

Updated on - Mar 18, 2024

JEE Main Chemistry syllabus 2024 covers topics from inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry. The syllabus is released by NTA through its official website. We have explained the detailed syllabus of JEE Main Chemistry along with essential topics, books, and preparation tips. Candidates must follow the syllabus and recommended books to score good marks.

Table of Contents

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2024

JEE Main Chemistry syllabus 2024 is quite vast and is considered tough, candidates need to be precise and thorough with each topic in order to score good marks. Chemistry is considered a scoring subject for JEE Main. Further, the syllabus is divided into three parts:

  • Physical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus PDF 2024  Download PDF

Physical Chemistry JEE Main Syllabus 2024

Shown below in a tabulated manner are the Physical Chemistry chapters for JEE Main. Each topic and covering sub-topics are elaborately mentioned:

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • Matter and its nature
  • Dalton's atomic theory
  • Physical quantities and measurements
  • Laws of chemical combination
  • Atomic and molecular masses
  • Mole concept and stoichiometry

States of Matter

  • Classification of matter
  • Gaseous State
  • Liquid State
  • Solid State

Atomic Structure

  • Atomic models (Thomson, Rutherford)
  • Electromagnetic radiation
  • Bohr model
  • Quantum mechanics
  • Quantum numbers and orbitals

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Ionic and covalent bonds
  • Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR)
  • Valence bond theory
  • Molecular Orbital Theory
  • Hydrogen bonding

Solutions

  • Concentration of solutions
  • Raoult's Law
  • Colligative properties
  • Molecular mass determination

Equilibrium

  • Equilibria involving physical processes
  • Equilibria involving chemical processes
  • Ionic equilibrium
  • Le Chatelier's principle

Redox Reaction and Electrochemistry

  • Redox reactions
  • Electrolytic and Galvanic cells
  • Electrode potentials
  • Nernst equation

Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of chemical reactions
  • Rate laws and factors affecting reactions

Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption- Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids - Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from Solutions.
  • Catalysis - Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its mechanism.
  • Colloidal state- distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloids - lyophilic. lyophobic; multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids - Tyndall effect. Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation: Emulsions and their characteristics.

Inorganic Chemistry JEE Main Syllabus 2024

Inorganic chemistry for JEE Main Physics carries topics and sub-topics. Detailed inorganic chemistry syllabus along with each topic is as mentioned below:

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  • Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table. s, p, d and f block elements.
  • Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy.
  • Electrons gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.

General Principles and Process of Isolation of Metals

  • Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores.
  • Extraction of metals: concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe.
  • Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.

Hydrogen

  • The position of hydrogen in the periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen.
  • Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water.
  • Structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide.
  • Classification of hydrides: ionic, covalent and interstitial. Hydrogen as a fuel.

S Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals) - Group 1 and Group 2 Elements

  • General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.
  • Preparation and properties of some important compounds: sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate.
  • Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement.
  • The biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.

P- Block Elements - Group 13 to Group 18 Elements

  • General Introduction, Electronic configuration, and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group. Groupwise study of the p-block elements.
  • Group 13: Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and alums.
  • Group 14: Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties, and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites, and silicones.
  • Group 15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotropic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.
  • Group 16: Preparation, properties, structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone; Allotropic forms of sulfur; Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulfur dioxide, sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulfur.
  • Group 17: Preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxyacids of halogens.
  • Group 18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.

D and F Block Elements

  • Transition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements: physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.
  • Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanides, Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction
  • Actinoids: Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

Coordination Compounds

  • Introduction to coordination compounds, Werner’s theory, ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation. IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism. Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties. Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems).

Environmental Chemistry

  • Environmental pollution: Atmospheric, water, and soil.
  • Atmospheric pollution: Tropospheric and stratospheric.
  • Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention. Greenhouse effect and Global warming, acid rain.
  • Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
  • Stratospheric pollution: Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of the ozone layer, its mechanism and effects.
  • Water Pollution: Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes, and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.
  • Soil pollution: Major pollutants such as Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides) their harmful effects and prevention. Strategies to control environmental pollution.

Organic Chemistry JEE Main Syllabus 2024

The organic chemistry syllabus is mentioned below, this section is considered important as many questions come in the exam from this part.

Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

  • Purification: Crystallization, differential extraction, sublimation, distillation and chromatography principles and their applications.
  • Qualitative analysis: Detection of halogens, phosphorus, nitrogen and sulfur.
  • Quantitative analysis: Estimation of carbon, halogens, sulfur, hydrogen, nitrogen and phosphorus. Calculations of empirical formula and molecular formulae, Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

  • Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p).
  • Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: -C = C- and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur; Homologous series.
  • Isomerism: structural and stereoisomerism.
  • Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC): Covalent bond fission Hemolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
  • Electronic displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electrometric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.
  • Common types of organic reactions: Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.

Hydrocarbons

  • Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
  • Alkanes: Conformations; Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
  • Alkenes: Geometrical isomerism.
  • Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.
  • Alkynes: Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons: Nomenclature, benzene structure and aromaticity.
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.

Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

  • General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions. Nature of C – X bond. Mechanisms of substitution reactions. Uses, Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons, and DDT.

Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

  • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.
  • Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, and sulphonation, Reimer Tiemann reaction.
  • Ethers: Structure
  • Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones. Important reactions such as Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction. Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.
  • Carboxylic Acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

Polymers

  • General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization addition and condensation, co-polymerization.
  • Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization.
  • Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses, polyethene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite.

Biomolecules

  • General introduction and importance of biomolecules.
  • Carbohydrates: Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
  • Proteins: Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
  • Vitamins: Classification and functions.
  • Nucleic Acids – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acid.

Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines: Analgesics, tranquilisers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines, their meaning and common examples.
  • Chemicals in food: Preservatives, and artificial sweetening agents are common examples.
  • Cleansing agents: Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

  • Detection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) in organic compounds.
  • Detection of the following functional groups: carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
  • Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum, and Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
  • Titrimetric exercises: Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
  • Qualitative salt analysis – Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, and Anions: CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI-, Br, I (Insoluble salts excluded).
  • Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4,
  • Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base
  • Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols,
  • Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus with Weightage (Topic-wise/ Chapter-wise)

Now that students know the entire JEE Main Chemistry syllabus 2024, let us look at the topic-wise weightage. The table shows the marks and question division for each topic. It will further help in understanding the marking and enhance the exam preparation.

JEE Main Chemistry Topics Weightage
Total Questions Topics Weightage
1 Chemical Kinetics 4
1 Atomic Structure 4
1 Alkyl Halides 4
1 Solid State And Surface Chemistry 4
1 Redox Reaction 4
1 Electrochemistry 4
1 General Organic Chemistry 4
1 Stereochemistry 4
1 Hydrocarbon 4
1 Carboxylic Acid and their Derivatives 4
1 Carbohydrates, amino acids and Polymers 4
1 Aromatic Compounds 4
2 Chemical Bonding 8
2 Nuclear Chemistry And Environment 8
2 Periodic table and Representative Elements 8
2 Thermodynamics and Gaseous State 8
2 Chemical And Ionic Equilibrium 8
3 Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry 12

Important Topics for JEE Main Chemistry 2024

The syllabus is vast and the time is limited. After analyzing the syllabus and question pattern of past years the chapter-wise mark weightage is mentioned above. Now we will see the most important chapters for JEE Main chemistry:

Organic Chemistry Important Topics for JEE Main 2024

Questions from this part are not fixed or the same every year, there are random questions from each section. However, mentioned below are certain important topics from which questions can be asked:

  • Reactions and their mechanism
  • Acidity
  • Nomenclature
  • Basicity

Inorganic Chemistry Important Topics for JEE Main 2024

In inorganic chemistry, all the topics are considered important and carry weightage. Hence knowing the topics is quite an important factor. Listed below are some of the topics:

  • Methods of Preparation and Chemical Reactions, uses, etc. of the compounds.
  • Chemical bonding
  • Elements of the periodic table
  • Transition elements and coordination chemistry
  • S & P block elements and Hydrogen
  • Dipole Moment
  • Shape and Hybridisation
  • Molecular Orbital Theory
  • Fajan’s Rule & its application

Physical Chemistry Topics for JEE Main 2024

In the case of physical chemistry, many questions are asked from this part. Some of the important topics from physical chemistry chapters for JEE Main are the wavelength of electronic transition, quantum numbers and ionisation energy, rest of them are mentioned below:

  • Mole concept
  • Redox Reaction
  • Formulas and basic concepts of Atomic Structure
  • Equilibrium
  • Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Electrochemistry & Redox Reactions
  • Surface Chemistry
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • Solutions

Most Important Chapters for JEE Main Chemistry 2024

The detailed syllabus is mentioned in the earlier sections, here is a table that reflects the topics from the individual sections that are considered important:

Organic Chemistry

  • Purification and characterization of organic compounds
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Chemistry in everyday life
  • Principles related to practical chemistry
  • Organic compounds containing
  • Halogens
  • Oxygen
  • Nitrogen
  • Polymers
  • Biomolecules
  • Some basic principles of organic chemistry

Inorganic Chemistry

  • Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
  • Hydrogen
  • Block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals)
  • P Block elements group 13 to group 18 elements
  • d- and f – block elements
  • Coordination compounds
  • Environmental chemistry
  • General principles and processes of isolation of metals.

Physical Chemistry

  • Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry
  • Atomic Structure
  • State of Matter
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Solutions
  • Equilibrium
  • Redox, Reaction and Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Surface Chemistry.

Here is the list of books that are recommended for JEE Main exams chemistry that can help you derive the desired marks:

Books Recommended for JEE Main Chemistry 2024
Section Books Author/Publisher
Common Syllabus Class 11-12 Chemistry book NCERT
Organic Chemistry Advanced Problems in Organic Chemistry for JEE M S Chauhan
A Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry for the JEE Peter Sykes
Inorganic Chemistry Concise Inorganic Chemistry J.D. Lee
Problems in Inorganic Chemistry for JEE Main & Advanced V. K. JAISWAL
Physical Chemistry Problems in Physical Chemistry Narendra Awasthi
Atkins’ Physical Chemistry

JEE Main Chemistry Preparation Tips

JEE Main Chemistry is considered quite significant in increasing the total aggregate marks. Most of the questions are based on fundamental concepts. The questions are less time-consuming as they are not calculation based. Listed below are a few tips that can enhance your chances of getting the qualifying rank:

  • Candidates are required to be thorough with all the important formulas, named reactions, chemical equations, and periodic table trends.
  • Clarity about the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus 2024 is quite an important factor for scoring higher marks.
  • Refer to proper study materials and books.
  • Read the question paper carefully before jumping to answer, if there is any doubt, take a little time to understand and then attempt the question.
  • There must be knowledge of every topic and what logic works behind a particular concept.

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