Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is an undergraduate degree in medicine and surgery awarded upon completion of the program by the respective medical school. The course duration offered by the top MBBS colleges in India is five and a half years with nine semesters and a year internship/live training session (four and a half years for academics and one year of internship). However, in some other countries, the duration might be lesser and will vary across countries. Students interested in acquiring knowledge with the basic concepts, functions, occurrence, and treatment of diseases in the human body can choose this field.
The syllabus comprises of subjects dealing in medicine and surgery with courses like Anesthesiology, Applied Pharmacology, Applied Medical Biochemistry, Dermatology, Forensic medicine and Toxicology, General Medicine, General Surgery, Human Physiology, Human Pathology, Radiotherapy, Human Anatomy, Human Microbiology, Otolaryngology, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pharmacology, Pediatrics, Venereology, and others.
NIRF, The Week, India Today use standard methodologies to rank top MBBS colleges within the country.
Top MBBS Colleges in India by NIRF
National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) uses standard methodologies through set parameters to rank different colleges within India.
The ranking parameters and weightage practised by NIRF to rank colleges depends on;
- Teaching, Learning, and Resources (TLR) - 30%
- Research and Professional Practice (RP) - 30%
- Graduation Outcomes (GO) - 15%
- Outreach and Inclusivity (OI) - 15%
- Peer Perception (PR) - 10%
According to the NIRF ranking, the top MBBS colleges in India are listed in the following table.
|Ranking||Name of the college||NIRF Score|
|1||All India Institute of Medical Sciences||90.69|
|2||Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research||80.06|
|3||Christian Medical College||73.56|
|4||National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences||71.35|
|5||Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences||70.21|
|6||Banaras Hindu University||64.72|
|7||Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences & Research||64.39|
|8||Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER)||63.17|
|9||Kasturba Medical College||62.84|
|10||King George's Medical University||62.20|
|11||Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences||61.58|
|12||Madras Medical College and Government General Hospital||58.84|
|13||Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education And Research||57.90|
|14||St. John's Medical College||57.83|
|15||Aligarh Muslim University||56.22|
Top MBBS Colleges in India by The Week
The list of top MBBS colleges in India by The Week is enlisted below.
|Ranking||College Name||Composite Score|
|1||All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi||895|
|2||Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore||785|
|3||Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune||705|
|4||Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry||691|
|5||Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), Delhi||688|
|6||Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi||670|
|7||King George's Medical University, Lucknow||640|
|8||Grant Medical College (GMC), Mumbai||632|
|9||Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Manipal||616|
|10||Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai||606|
|11||Madras Medical College (MMC), Chennai||590|
|12||University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi||587|
|13||Vardhman Mahavir Medical College (VMMC), Delhi||562|
|14||St. John’s Medical College, Bengaluru||511|
|15||Medical College, Kolkata||452|
Top 15 MBBS Colleges in India by India Today
The list of top MBBS colleges in India as per India Today is mentioned in the following.
|Ranking||College Name||Total Tuition Fees (in INR)|
|1||All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi||6,750|
|2||Christian Medical College & Hospital (CMC), Vellore||15,000|
|3||Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune||33,000|
|4||Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC, New Delhi||15,450|
|5||Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry||31,000|
|6||King George's Medical University, Lucknow||90,000|
|7||Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi||51,845|
|8||Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi||1,68,000|
|9||Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi||7,000|
|10||University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi||60,000|
Top MBBS Colleges in India Based on Zones
The list for top MBBS colleges within India is based on the zone-wise ranking system released by India Today. The top colleges are represented below for India's four zones- North, South, East and West.
Top MBBS Colleges in North India
The following points are the top MBBS colleges in the north zone of India.
- Christian Medical College (CMC), Ludhiana
- Dayanand Medical College & Hospital (DMC), Ludhiana
- Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences(AIIMS), Delhi
- Maulana Azad Medical College(MAMC), Delhi
- Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College (AMU), Aligarh
Top MBBS Colleges in South India
Some of the top colleges in south India for MBBS are as follows;
- Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore
- Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Manipal
- St. John’s Medical College, Bengaluru
- Amrita School of Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS), Kochi
- Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Mangaluru
- M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru
- Saveetha Medical College & Hospital, Chennai
Top MBBS Colleges in East India
The top MBBS colleges around the east zone of India are cited below.
- R G Kar Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata
- The Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research (IPGMER), Kolkata
- Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata
- Darbhanga Medical College, Bihar
- Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata
Top MBBS Colleges in West India
The selected list of top colleges as per India Today in West India are
- Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram
- Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University) Medical College, Pune
- K. J. Somaiya Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre, Mumbai
- Armed Forces Medical College(AFMC), Pune
- Seth G S Medical College, Mumbai
Top MBBS Colleges in Central India
The list below are of the top medical colleges around Central India.
- Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College, Indore
- Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur
- Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior
- Chirayu Medical College & Hospital, Bhopal
Top MBBS Colleges in North-East India
The following lists are a few of the top MBBS colleges in North-East India.
- North-eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences (NEIGRIHMS), Meghalaya
- Assam Medical College, Assam
- Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Gangtok
- Regional Institute of Medical Science, Lamphelpat, Imphal
- Regional Institute of Paramedical & Nursing Sciences, Zemabawk, Aizawl
- Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi Regional Institute of Mental Health (LGBRIMH), Tezpur
Specialisations-wise MBBS Colleges in India
There are around 500+ colleges that specifically offer Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) programmes in India.
MBBS is a general course and thus has no specialisations in any of the colleges.
The MBBS program consists of fundamental theoretical and practical sessions on human anatomy, physiology, medicine, surgery and more. The course provides an understanding of diseases, health conditions, medicinal processes to apply to combat diseases, to analyze the cause and operate them.
However, to become a specialist, a candidate needs to pursue higher studies at the master’s level with preferred specialisations after MBBS from MCI recognised institutes. A few of the specialisations after MBBS are mentioned in the following table.
|General Medicine||General Surgery||Immunology||Anesthesiology||Craniologist||Cardiology||Clinical||Hematology|
|Health Administration||Hospital Administration||Medical Genetics||Neuro Surgery||Nephrology||Orthopaedics||Obstetrics and Gynecology||Ophthalmology|
|Continuous Urinary Surgery||Cardio-Thoracic Surgery||Dermatology||ENT||Forensic Medicine||Endocrinology||Gastroenterology||Geriatrics|
|Paediatrics||Psychiatry||Pathologist||Pediatric Surgery||Plastic Surgery||Radiodiagnosis||Respiratory Medicine||Venereology and Leprosy|
The top medical colleges that provide the best courses for PG studies within the country are mentioned in the list.
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi
- Christian Medical College & Hospital (CMC), Vellore
- Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry
- Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Mangaluru
- Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education And Research
Fee Structure for Top MBBS Colleges in India
The fee structure mainly depends on several factors of facilities, infrastructure and institution type. The varying fee structures of different government or public and private colleges for MBBS in India are listed below.
Fees for Public MBBS Colleges
Enlisted below are the top government MBBS colleges with their various college fees.
|Public College Name||MBBS Fee Structure (Total Tuition in INR)|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi||6,750|
|Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune||33,000|
|Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), New Delhi||15,450|
|Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry||31,000|
|King George's Medical University, Lucknow||90,000|
|Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi||7,000|
|University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi||60,000|
|Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi||1,67,500|
Fees for Private MBBS Bachelor Colleges
The fee structure for MBBS from the best private college with varying college fees for graduate and undergraduate programmes are mentioned below;
|Private College Name||MBBS Fee Structure (Total Tuition in INR)|
|Christian Medical College & Hospital (CMC), Vellore||15,000|
|Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Manipal||3,770,000|
|St. John’s Medical College, Bengaluru||2,789,000|
|Dayanand Medical College & Hospital (DMC), Ludhiana||1,343,000|
|Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram||355,000|
|M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru||20,000,000|
|Christian Medical College (CMC), Ludhiana||3,300,000|
|Grant Medical College (GMC), Mumbai||247,000|
Entrance Exams Accepted by Top MBBS Colleges in India
The top MBBS colleges in India consider admissions based on score or rank secured in any competitive entrance exam level. Entrance tests are either conducted offline or online. The scoring pattern might have a negative marking or no negative marking depending on the conducting authority.
There is a seat reservation percentage on category type and management quota for the admissions depending on various colleges.
Some of the universities prefer university level tests scores along with national-level scores on a merit-basis. The questions are from the 12th syllabus of PCB subjects, English, Aptitude, Personality and others.
National Level Entrance Exams
- National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Undergraduate (NEET-UG)
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences MBBS Entrance Examination (AIIMS MBBS)
- Armed Forces Medical College Admission (AFMC MBBS Admission)
University Level Entrance Exams
- Annamalai University All India Medical Entrance Exam (AU AIMEE)
- Aligarh Muslim University Medical Admissions (AMU MBBS)
- Amrita Medical Entrance Exam (Amrita MBBS)
- CMC Vellore MBBS/BDS Admissions (CMC Vellore MBBS)
- Delhi University MBBS/BDS Admissions (DU MBBS)
- Indraprastha University MBBS/BDS Admissions (IPU MBBS)
- Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER)
- St. John's Medical Entrance Test (St John's MBBS)
Eligibility Criteria and Admissions for Top MBBS Colleges in India
Admissions will be allotted based on the merit basis system of score or rank obtained in any competitive examination level.
Management quota and category reservation also aid in the selection with the availability of seats offered by the different institutions.
The general eligibility criteria for admission into top MBBS colleges in India are in the following.
Eligibility Criteria for Top MBBS Colleges in India
The criterion set for selecting a candidate may vary for the different colleges. So, a candidate must ensure to fulfil the basic minimum eligibility criteria required by the institutions to be applicable to apply for admissions.
Candidates must also clear the required entrance tests to get admissions directly. The general eligibility criteria for MBBS colleges in India are as follows.
- The lower age limit to apply is 17 years.
- The upper age limit to apply is 25 years.
- Candidates must pass the 12th (10+2) standard with a minimum aggregate of 50% in Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Biotechnology (PCB) and English as compulsory subjects from a recognized board.
- The minimum score requirement for admission may differ for various colleges. For general admission, candidates must at least obtain 50% marks in the exam.
Admissions for Top MBBS Colleges in India
National exams like NEET-UG are compulsory to get admissions into medical colleges. It includes admissions into all government medical institutes, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry.
There are more than 500 medical colleges for MBBS programmes in India. To get a seat amongst one of India's best medical colleges for an MBBS program, a student must meet the eligibility criteria and achieve a good score in any of the national/state/university levels entrance tests.
- Admissions to MBBS programs at university-level medical entrance exams in public universities like JIPMER, CMC Vellore, Delhi University (DU), etc, a candidate must secure a good score conducted by the university board.
- In private colleges, admissions are offered based on NEET-UG and AIIMS merit-ranks with AIQ/State quota and test score secured at the university level.
- The tests are conducted on the 12th syllabus of PCB subjects. Various institutions also take tests along with general knowledge, English language, personality and others.
Cut Offs for Top MBBS Colleges in India
Several cut-offs released by the different top MBBS colleges for the admissions into the specific course. Each student should ensure to reach the minimum cut off score/mark to proceed for admissions into UG or PG programs.
NEET-UG, AIIMS, JIPMER are some of the entrance tests at the national and university level conducted for UG admissions following a merit basis system into the best MBBS colleges in India. NEET is the sole entrance exam for medical studies.
Cut-off differs every year due to paper difficulty level, overall candidates who appeared for the tests, category and quota reservation ( for 15% All India Quota and 85% State Quota seats) allotted and implemented by the various college's officials.
NEET Cut Off
The top MBBS colleges in India accept the NEET score as the sole criteria for admission. The previous year NEET cut off for the various top colleges for the MBBS program in the general category is given below. It is to give a rough idea for better preparation.
|College Name||Approx Cut-offs (General Category)|
|AIIMS New Delhi||98.80 - 99.5|
|Grant Medical College, Mumbai||170 - 568|
|JIPMER Puducherry||1 - 156|
|King George’s Medical University, Lucknow||147 - 720|
|Kasturba Medical College, Manipal||3383 - 30596|
|Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi||656 - 669|
|M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru||147 - 720|
|Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), Delhi||192|
Scope of MBBS in India
The urge for medical attention is much required irrespective of current worldly affairs. A respectable profession and a high-risk job in helping to cure diseases and provide remedies for a human body system's health conditions. The number of hospitals is exceeding each year, requiring more hiring of eligible candidates within the region or country.
Medical practice and knowledge are applied beyond boundaries of race, religion or country. Simply put, doctors are not restricted for employment in abroad countries, unlike other professions with limited acceptance for foreign citizens like EU countries.
There is no shortage of opportunities for a medical graduate. Salaries are undoubtedly fantastic with the amount of work and complications sworn for the role of saving human lives and commendable service for society. Instead, candidates with a medical background have the highest secured jobs on the broad demand list by most the private and public hospitals or clinics.
The job roles for an MBBS graduate include anaesthesiologist, bacteriologist, clinical laboratory scientist, Cardiologist, Chief Medical Officer (CMO), dermatologist, E.N.T specialist, Meteorologist, general surgeon, gynaecologist, general practitioner, gastroenterologist, hospital administrator, medical admitting officer, nutritionist, neurologist, Orthopaedist, obstetrician, Pediatrician, pathologist, radiologist, physician, psychiatrist, resident medical officer and many others.
One may also pursue higher postgraduate studies in MBBS with specialisations available or be a doctor, surgeon, practitioner, and others.
MBBS Placements in India
In India, the vast majority of medical colleges provide great placement opportunities for students' welfare.
The income package depends on the placement offered, subjects specialized, internship experience, allowing students to get recruited immediately in various national and international companies. The average salary of a fresh MBBS graduate student is around INR 297,600 PA, as seen on Payscale.
Top MBBS Recruiters
Some of the top medical recruiters from the top MBBS colleges within India who provide placements are cited in the following.
|College Name||Top Recruiters|
|Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education And Research, Chennai||Abbot, Anthem BioSciences, Astra ZenecaLtd, BIOCLINICA, Biocon, EpiSource, GE Healthcare, Himalaya Drugs, Indegene, L T Engineering and Construction, Lenskart, Nestle, Philips India, Sankara Netralaya, TNQ, Wockhardt India, Zifo Technologies, etc.|
|Madras Medical College (MMC), Chennai||Pfizer and Visionary RCM Infotech and many more|
|Vardhman Mahavir Medical College (VMMC), Delhi||Safdarjung Hospital, Ottobock, Endolite, P&O International, Ossur, etc.|
|Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi||Ansal API, ALC India Pvt. Ltd., Coal India Limited, Concentrix, University, XL Dynamics Pvt. Ltd., E2I Group, iCRM, IDBI, IBM Global Process, ICICI Bank, Services Pvt. Ltd., WiproBPO, PCIL, Spandana Sphoorty, Sri Ram Swaroop, Future Group (Big Bazar), PRADAN and others|
|Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, (PGIMER) Chandigarh||PGI Hospital, UNICEF, WHO, and more|
Average CTCs Offered in Top MBBS Colleges in India
According to Glassdoor, the average CTCs for medical students is INR 1,633,468 LPA approximately. Some of the salaries offered by the various top medical colleges in India are highlighted below as per the institute’s official website.
|College Name||Average CTCs offered (in approx INR)|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi||7.5 LPA|
|University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi||7.8 LPA|
|Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi||8.0 LPA- 32 LPA|
|Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry||1.05 -10.0 LPA|
|King George's Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow||7.0 LPA|
|Christian Medical College & Hospital (CMC), Vellore||1.5 - 4 LPA|
Which year in MBBS is considered as tough?
Generally, the first or final year is tough. It consists of pre-clinical subjects like anatomy, biochemistry, physiology with bio-physics, and introduction to community medicine, including humanities which is a vast subject. However, MBBS is one of the hardest programme fields.
Does an MBBS doctor perform surgery?
An MBBS doctor is not allowed to perform surgeries. They need to pursue postgraduate studies to become a specialist in that field from MCI recognised institutes.
Which medical course is the best?
In the medical field, MBBS is considered the best. However, courses like BDS, BAMS, BHMS, B.Sc Nursing, Bachelor of Physiotherapy and others are among the popular courses with great potential in career opportunities.
Which MBBS course is the best?
It depends on the interests and subject potential of the course. Upon completing MBBS, you can pursue any of the following postgraduate courses or other specialisations of general medicine, general surgery, craniologist, cardiology, immunology, nephrology, paediatrics, psychiatry and many more.
- MS (Microbiology)
- MS (Clinical Pathology)
- Diploma or Masters (MS) in Occupational Health.
- Diploma in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
- Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology
- M. Tech (Biomedical Engineering and Biological Sciences)
- Masters in Hospital Administration
What are the minimum marks required in NEET for MBBS in government and private colleges?
For all the government colleges, candidates must secure NEET qualifying marks released for the year to proceed with counselling. The previous year NEET qualifying percentile for the general category is 50%ile with marks ranging from 147 to 720, and 40%ile for SC, ST, OBC categories. The NEET cut off is released for two quota — 15 % AIQ and 85% State Quota.
Delhi, Delhi NCR
9 / 10
Pondicherry / Puducherry, Pondicherry / Puducherry
8 / 10
Delhi, Delhi NCR
9 / 10
Delhi, Delhi NCR
8 / 10
8 / 10
Bangalore / Bengaluru, Karnataka
8 / 10
8 / 10
8 / 10
Bangalore / Bengaluru, Karnataka
9 / 10