If you are looking to do your dream course at one of the best universities in India or specifically in Lovely Professional University (LPU) then LPU NEST is the exam for you. If you want to know more about this exam, go through the following sections. This will help you to understand the exam.
- LPU has announced extended dates for Phase-5 of LPUNEST 2020 BTech Exam. The last date to apply and the last date of the examination is October 31, 2020.
- Due to the health concerns raised by COVID-19, the examination is being conducted as an internet-based proctored test to ensure the validity of the results and the safety of the candidates. Check the LPUNEST 2020 Exam Dates section for the detailed schedule.
- What is LPUNEST?
- LPUNEST 2020 Exam Date
- LPUNEST 2020 Eligibility
- LPUNEST 2020 Application Process
- LPUNEST 2020 Application Form
- LPUNEST 2020 Exam Pattern
- LPUNEST 2020 Syllabus
- LPUNEST 2020 Admit Card
- LPUNEST 2020 Exam Centres
- LPUNEST 2020 Result
- LPUNEST 2020 Cutoff
- LPUNEST 2020 Counselling
- LPUNEST 2020 Reference Books
- LPUNEST Preparation Tips
- Contact Details
- Related Exams
What is LPUNEST?
About LPU: The Full form of LPUNEST is Lovely Professional University National Entrance and Scholarship Test. LPU is a private and one of the largest university located in Jalandhar, Punjab, India which was established in 2005 by Lovely International Trust under The Lovely Professional University Act, 2005. LPU offers a scholarship for students who are aspiring to study in one of the courses offered at the University.
Courses Offered: LPUNEST 2020 is a university level entrance exam inducted in the year 2009 for residential admissions into the Engineering, Management, Law, Design, Agriculture, Hotel Management & many other courses at Lovely Professional University.
Approvals: It also holds approvals from Punjab Pollution Control Board (PPCB) and Punjab State Power Corporation Limited (PSPCL) for its campus.
Mode: The LPU NEST 2020 is conducted only through online mode which is the Computer Based Test (CBT).
Frequency: The LPUNEST 2020 is conducted only once a year and in two schedules.
International Tie-ups: The Lovely Professional University having several international tie-ups with many Universities and to name a few are the University of Iowa, University of East London, University of Missouri, California State University, Otterbein University, Murdoch University, Jonkoping University, etc.
Scholarships: It provides scholarships worth over 7.5 lakhs (for a 5-year course) for deserving candidates.
LPUNEST Exam Highlights
The exam details of LPUNEST 2020 Exam are tabulated below.
|Exam Name||Lovely Professional University National Eligibility and Scholarship Test|
|Conducting Body||Lovely Professional University (LPU)|
|Exam Level||National Level Examination|
|Exam Date||Up to October 10, 2020|
|Courses offered||Undergraduate, Postgraduation and PhD programmes|
|Mode of Exam||Online Mode (Computer Based Test)|
|Type of Questions||Multiple Choice Questions|
LPUNEST 2020 Exam Date
The LPUNEST exam is conducted over different schedule as shown below.
Schedule 1 and 2: The Application Process for LPUNEST 2020 Schedule-1 had begun from January 2020. Post the release date, the candidates could start filling the application form online and book their slots on the official LPU portal. The Schedule - 2 (Phase 2) ended on July 31, 2020. Candidates will have to submit the Schedule-3 LPUNEST application form for MBA and B.Tech before October 10, 2020.
Schedule 3: LPUNEST 2020 Exam Dates have been released for Schedule-3. The Phase 3 started on August 1, 2020, and will end on August 31, 2020. The last date of slot booking is August 27, 2020. Once a candidate has attempted the LPUNEST 2020 exam, they will get their results within four working days.
Schedule 4: The online registration for phase 4 of LPUNEST has begun on September 1, 2020. Candidates can book the slot till October 6, 2020, and the last date of examination is on October 10, 2020. Candidates can choose any preferred LPUNEST exam slot within 5-10 days from the date of filling the LPUNEST 2020 application form.
For more details regarding the exam dates of LPUNEST, candidates can visit LPUNEST 2020 Exam Dates.
For further details, kindly refer university website (www.lpu.in)
LPUNEST 2020 Eligibility
The Lovely Professional University offers admission into various undergraduate and postgraduate courses. Therefore, the eligibility of candidates depends on the course which they are applying for. Only Indian Nationals are eligible to apply for the LPUNEST 2020 exam.
Candidate must be an Indian Citizen.
Eligibility for various UG courses
Applicants should have either completed or should be appearing in 2019 in the final examination of 10+2 from Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE, New Delhi) or they should be appearing for the Council for Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE, New Delhi) or State Board or any other Institution, college. These institutions must be recognized by the Council of Boards of School Education (COBSE), New Delhi or any other concerned apex body as applicable.
Eligibility for B.Tech
- The qualifying candidates must have secured minimum aggregate marks of 60% in 10+2 or equivalent (with Physics, Mathematics, and English) subject to qualifying the LPUNEST (B.Tech).
- There is 5% relaxation to North-East states and Sikkim candidates/ Defence Personnel and their Dependents/ Wards of Kashmiri Migrants as far as passing marks in qualifying exam are concerned.
- There 10% relaxation to outstanding Sports Persons (i.e. A/A+ category as per Sports Scholarship) as far as passing marks in qualifying exam are concerned, Subject to verification from Selection committee of the University. The selection committee must comprise Head (DSW), Director Sports, Deputy Director Sports, Concerned Coach and VC Nominee.
We have only mentioned a few details about the eligibility criteria. You can visit our LPUNEST 2020 Eligibility Criteria section to get full details about the criteria for the course you want.
For further details, kindly refer university website (www.lpu.in)
LPUNEST 2020 Application Process
The Lovely Professional University had started the application from January 2020 on the official website. Candidates have to fill in the LPUNEST 2020 Application Form Details and proofread it before submitting. Aspirants can go through the following sections to get familiarised with the application process.
How to apply for LPUNEST Online?
Candidates can follow these steps to register yourself for LPUNEST 2020 exam.
Step 1: Registration
- Candidates can register by visiting the official website.
- Provide all necessary details such as names, email IDs, date of birth and valid mobile number after which registration ID will be generated and sent to their registered email ID.
Step 2: Payment of Application Fee
- After successful registration for the LPUNEST 2020, candidates can proceed for the payment of application fee.
- The modes of paying the application fee are online using net banking, credit or debit card.
Step 3: Filling of Online Application Form
- Post completion of application fee payment, candidates must fill all personal, academic and contact details in the application form.
- Candidates must preview all details provided in the application form. In case the form is incomplete or incorrect then the application will be rejected.
Step 4: Uploading of Scanned Documents
- Candidates can proceed for the next steps that are to upload the scanned images of the documents after filling the details in the application form.
- Candidates should upload scanned copies of the photograph, birth certificate/Aadhaar card and certificate of the qualifying exam as per the specifications mentioned by the university.
Step 5: Submission of Application Form
- After successfully uploading the required documents, candidates have to finally submit the application form of LPUNEST 2020 by clicking on a button given at the last of the form.
- Candidates must print a copy of the filled application form for future reference.
General Guidelines for Remotely Proctored Online Exam
Due to COVID-19 pandemic lockdown, as per the notifications of central and state governments, it is safe to stay at home. Therefore, to facilitate our prospective students, LPU offers to appear in the LPUNEST using a remotely proctored online exam by staying at home. Following are the pivotal points that you should know before you appear in the exam.
The remote proctoring module needs the following system configuration and requirements:
Processor: Core 2 Duo & above Processor
Speed: 1.5 GHz & above RAM: Minimum 1 GB
Operating System (Windows)- Minimum: Windows 7 Recommended: Windows 10
Operating System (MAC)- Minimum: MAC OS X Recommended: MAC OS
- The remote proctoring module requires a proper internet connection of a minimum of 1 Mbps.
- You should have a working web camera and mic available/attached with your Laptop/desktop.
- Ensure proper lighting in the room so that the pictures captured during the exam are not blurred.
- You will receive login information prior to the exam.
- LPU counsellor will call you prior to the exam to make you accustomed to the entire process, infrastructure requirements and other important information to appear in the test.
- You will be under constant observation during the entire duration of the test via artificial intelligence tools and live to monitor by the proctors. Any suspected activity will lead to the immediate termination of the exam. The AI tools will be able to detect any movement of face or eyeballs and highlight the same automatically. The candidate will be under constant vigilance of proctor through a live feed to deter any suspicious activity of the candidate.
NOTE:- For detailed information (regarding exam procedure, infrastructure requirements and things to remember during the exam) refer to the instruction manual in the email you will receive before the exam. For more details, refer to the PDF file here.
LPUNEST 2020 Application Form
Online Mode: Candidates can start filling the LPUNEST 2020 application form online from January 2020 and they will have to submit the third phase of application form for B.Tech and MBA before October 10, 2020. The details of the application fee are provided below for your reference.
|Category||Cost of Application Form and Soft Copy of LPUNEST Kit||Cost of Online Application Form and Printed LPUNEST Kit||Cost of Offline Application Form and Printed LPUNEST Kit|
|Boys||INR 800||INR 1000||INR 800|
|Girls||INR 500||INR 700||INR 500|
Once they have finished filling LPUNEST 2020 Application Form Details, they will have to pay the application fee. Candidates can pay the fee online only through Netbanking/Credit Card/Debit Card.
The candidates without the online internet facility can get the application form (and the LPUNEST Kit) by visiting the University Campus or any other prescribed place by paying cash. For boys, the application form and kit costs INR 800 and for girls, it is INR 500.
Photograph and Signature: Candidate should have a recent photo taken against a white background. The size of the photo should be 10 Kb to 100 Kb. And candidates should have a scanned copy of their signature. They have to remember that the signature should be consistent throughout the admission process else they will be subjected to rejection.
Documents Required for LPUNEST
The various documents that candidates require while applying for the LPUNEST 2020 exam are:
- Marksheet of Class 10th and 12th.
- Valid Mobile Number and Email ID.
- Payment options like Debit card/Credit card/Net banking/Demand Draft.
- Scanned copy of the candidate's signature.
- A recent passport size photograph against a white background.
LPUNEST 2020 Exam Pattern
LPU conducts the LPU NEST exam as an online exam which is Online proctored test. The exam pattern will depend on paper which will depend on the course the candidate has applied for. Here we have mentioned the exam pattern for B.Tech, MBA and Law exams.
Exam Pattern for the online proctored exam for B.Tech
LPUNEST 2020 online proctored Exam for B. Tech consists of 95 MCQs which should be attempted within the time duration of 1 hour and 30 minutes or 90 minutes. Candidates will get less than a minute to attempt each question. So candidates have to use the time efficiently. LPU NEST 2020 exam will be conducted for a total of 270 marks. Marks distribution is as follows:
|Name||Courses for Test||Test Scheme||No. of questions||Marks (subject)||MM||Time|
|LPUNEST-2020 (B.Tech)||Physics||Physics, Chemistry, English, Maths or Physics, Chemistry, English, Biology
||Physics: 20 Questions (All MCQs)(4 marks each)||80||270 Marks||90 Minutes|
|Mathematics||Mathematics: 20 Questions (All MCQs) (4 marks each)||80|
|Chemistry||Chemistry: 20 Questions (All MCQs) (4 marks each)||80|
|Biology||Biology: 20 Questions (All MCQs) (4 marks each)||80|
|English||English: 15 Questions (All MCQs) (2 marks each)||30|
Exam Pattern for online proctored LLM exam
LPUNEST LLM online proctored test will have 160 MCQs. The exam duration is 120 minutes (2 hours). The marks distribution for this paper is as follows:
|Name||Courses for Test||Test Scheme||No. of questions||Marks (subject)||MM||Time|
|LPUNEST -2020 (LL.M)||English||All compulsory||English: 40 Questions (1 mark each)||40||160 Marks||120 Minutes|
|Constitutional Law||Constitutional Law: 40 Questions (1 mark each)||40|
|Jurisprudence||Jurisprudence: 40 Questions (1 mark each)||40|
|Other Law Subjects||Other Law subjects: 40 Questions (1 mark each)||40|
Exam Pattern for online proctored MBA exam
LPUNEST MBA online proctored test will have 100 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ). The time duration of the exam is 150 minutes. Each correct answer fetches +3 marks and there is no penalty for incorrect or unattempted responses. The marks distribution for this paper is as follows:
|Name||Subjects||No of Questions||Marks||Time Duration|
LPUNEST 2020 - MBA
LPUNEST 2020 Syllabus
The LPUNEST is an exam which is conducted to offer admissions into various Undergraduate and postgraduate courses. Therefore, the LPUNEST 2020 Syllabus that a candidate should concentrate on depends on the course which he/she is applying for.
Syllabus for B.Tech: Topics are related to subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology, and English. Candidates must go through the class 10th and class 12th syllabus.
Previous Year Paper/Sample Paper: Candidates can refer to the previous year question papers to get a clear idea of the syllabus, exam pattern and marking scheme.
Other Courses: If you are applying for other courses then the syllabus will be related to the course which you are applying for. LPUNEST Syllabus will also depend on the qualifying or qualifying exam.
LPUNEST 2020 concentrates most on the students' strength in the 11th and 12th syllabus. It puts to test the subject understanding of the candidates on how well he/she understands the studied or given syllabus. The detailed syllabus for LPUNEST 2020 B.Tech is mentioned below:
LPUNEST 2020 Syllabus Chemistry
UNIT 1: Atomic Structure, States of Matter & Thermodynamics
- Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry: Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory; Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound; Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis; Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae; Chemical equations and stoichiometry.
- States of Matter: Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.
- Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws - Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure; Concept of Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation; Kinetic theory of gases; Concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor and van der Waals equation, liquefaction of gases, critical constants.
- Liquid State: Properties of liquids - vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).
- Solid State: Classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg’s Law and its applications; Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, an imperfection in solids; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.
- Atomic Structure: Discovery of sub-atomic particles (electron, proton and neutron), Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom, Bohr model of a hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; Dual nature of matter, de Broglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, a quantum mechanical model of the atom, its important features, the concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions; Variation of Ψ and Ψ2, with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p and d - orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
- Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure: Kossel - Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds. Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.
- Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fagan's rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
- Quantum Mechanical Approach to Covalent Bonding: Valence bond theory - Its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals; Resonance.
- Molecular Orbital Theory: Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy. Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.
- Chemical Thermodynamics: Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.
- First Law of Thermodynamics: Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution.
- Second Law of Thermodynamics: Spontaneity of processes; ∆S of the universe and ∆G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, ∆G0 (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.
UNIT 2: Solutions, Chemical Kinetics & Surface Chemistry
- Solutions: Different methods for expressing the concentration of solution - molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law – Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure - composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions; Colligative properties of dilute solutions - the relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, the elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van Hoff factor and its significance.
- Equilibrium: Meaning of equilibrium, a concept of dynamic equilibrium.
- Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid-liquid, liquid - gas and solid-gas equilibria, Henry’s law, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
- Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of ∆G and ∆Go in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.
- Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted - Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, the solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.
- Redox reactions and Electrochemistry: Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions. Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.
- Electrochemical cells - Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half - cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement; Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change; Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.
- Chemical Kinetics: Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first-order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions – Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
- Surface chemistry: Adsorption- Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting the adsorption of gases on solids - Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions. Catalysis- Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its mechanism.
- Colloidal State - distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloids-lyophilic, lyophobic; multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids - Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and ﬂocculation; Emulsions and their characteristics.
UNIT 3: Hydrogen & s - Block Element
- Classiﬁcation of elements and periodicity in properties: Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.
- General principles and processes of isolation of metals: Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; Steps involved in the extraction of metals - concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn & Fe; Thermodynamics and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.
- Hydrogen: Position of hydrogen in the periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties & uses of hydrogen; Physical & Chemical properties of water & Heavy Water; Structure, preparation, reactions & uses of hydrogen peroxide; Classification of hydrides - ionic, covalent and interstitial, Hydrogen as a fuel.
- s - Block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals) Group - 1 and 2 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships. Preparation and properties of some important compounds - sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate; Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement; Biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.
UNIT 4: p, d & f Block Elements and Environmental Chemistry
p - Block elements
- Group – 13 to Group – 18 Elements: General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group. GroupWise study of the p – block elements.
- Group – 13: Preparation, properties and uses of boron and aluminium; structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron tri- ﬂuoride, aluminium chloride and alums.
- Group – 14: Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties & uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones.
- Group – 15: Properties & uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.
- Group – 16: Preparation, properties, structures & uses of dioxygen and ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparations, properties, structures & uses of sulphur dioxide, sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur. Group - 17: Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides & oxoacids of halogens. Group – 18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of ﬂuorides and oxides of xenon.
- d – and f – Block elements: Transition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements - physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties and uses of K2 Cr2 O7 and KMnO4.
- Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction. Actinoids - Electronic configuration and oxidation states.
- Coordination Compounds: Introduction to Co-ordination compounds, Werner’s theory; ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).
- Environmental chemistry: Environmental pollution- Atmospheric, water and soil. Tropospheric pollutants – Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; Greenhouse effect and Global warming; Acid rain; Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects and prevention.
- Stratospheric pollution: Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of the ozone layer -its mechanism and effects. Water Pollution - Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention. Soil pollution - Major pollutants such as Pesticides (insecticides, Herbicides and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention. Strategies to control environmental pollution.
- UNIT 5: Basic Concepts of Organic Chemistry
- Puriﬁcation and characterization of organic compounds: Puriﬁcation: Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography - principles and their applications.
- Qualitative analysis: Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.
- Quantitative analysis (Basic Principles only): Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus. Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.
- Some basic principles of organic chemistry: Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules - hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: - C = C -, - C ≡ C – and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism - structural and stereoisomerism.
- Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC) Covalent bond ﬁssion: Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
- Electronic displacement in a covalent bond - Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation. Hydrocarbons: Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties & reactions.
- Common types of organic reactions- Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.
- Alkanes - Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of Alkanes.
- Alkenes - Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis, oxidation and polymerization.
- Alkynes - Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.
- Aromatic hydrocarbons - Nomenclature, benzene - structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophilic substitution halogenation, nitration, Friedel – Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive inﬂuence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene.
- Organic compounds containing halogens: General methods of preparation, properties and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions. Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform & iodoform, freons and DDT.
UNIT 6: Oxygen, Nitrogen, Polymers & Biomolecules
- Organic compounds containing Oxygen: General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.
- Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.
- Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions:halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, Reimer - Tiemann reaction.
- Ethers: Structure.
- Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as – Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of - hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.
- Carboxylic acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it.
- Organic compounds containing Nitrogen: General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.
- Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
- Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
- Polymers: General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization-addition and condensation, copolymerization; Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization; some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses -polyethene, nylon, polyester and bakelite.
- Biomolecules: General introduction and importance of biomolecules.
- Carbohydrates: Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose and maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).
- Proteins: Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
- Vitamins: Classification and functions.
- Nucleic acids: Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.
- Chemistry in everyday life: Chemicals in medicines– Analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids antihistamines-their meaning & common example.
- Chemicals in food - Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents - common examples.
- Cleansing agents - Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
LPUNEST 2020 Syllabus Physics
- UNIT 1: Motion
- Laws of motion: Force and Inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications; equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.
- Work, energy and power: Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power. The potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non-conservative forces; Elastic & inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
- Rotational motion: Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, Centre of the mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; a moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; a moment of inertia, the radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.
- UNIT 2: Kinematics, Gravitation & Oscillations
- Physics and measurement: Physics, technology and society, SI units, Fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
- Kinematics: Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non- uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.
- Gravitation: The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
- Oscillations and waves: Periodic motion - period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring - restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M.: kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance; Wave motion; Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave; Displacement relation for a progressive wave; Principle of superposition of waves, reﬂection of waves Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound.
- UNIT 3: Thermal Physics
- Properties of solids and liquids: Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, Bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a ﬂuid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent ﬂow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.
- Thermodynamics: Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics. The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.
- Kinetic theory of gases: Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro’s number.
- UNIT 4: Electricity & Magnetism
- Electrostatics: Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. Electric ﬂux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field. Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, a combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
- Current electricity: Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge. Potentiometer - principle and its applications.
- Magnetic effects of current and magnetism: Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-carrying conductors- definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
- UNIT 5: Atomic Structure & Optics
- Atoms and nuclei: Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
- Dual nature of matter and radiation: Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation; particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment.
- Optics: Reﬂection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reﬂection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reﬂecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
- Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reﬂection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroids.
- UNIT 6: Electrical & Electronics
- Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents: Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattles current. AC generator and transformer.
- Electromagnetic waves: Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X- rays, gamma rays). Applications of e.m. waves.
- Electronic devices: Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch. Communication systems: Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System.
LPUNEST 2020 Syllabus Mathematics
- UNIT 1: Algebra
- Sets, relations and functions: Sets and their representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations; Functions,one-one, into and onto functions, the composition of functions.
- Complex numbers and quadratic equations: Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions.The relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, a formation of quadratic equations with given roots.
- Sequences and series: Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers. The relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum up to n terms of special series: Geometric progression.
- UNIT 2: Matrices, Vectors & Reasoning
- Matrices & Determinants: Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three, Adjoint, transpose, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices, Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants. evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices.
- Vector algebra: Vectors and scalars, the addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.
- Mathematical reasoning: Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if. Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contrapositive.
- UNIT 3: Permutation-Combinations & Binomial Theorem
- Permutations and Combinations: Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, Meaning of P (n, r) and C (n, r), simple applications.
- Mathematical induction: Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.
- Binomial theorem and its simple applications: Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.
- UNIT 4: Limit, Integration & Differentiation
- Limit, continuity and differentiability: Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems. Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals.
- Integral calculus: Integral as an antiderivative. Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Integration by substitution, by parts and by partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric identities. Integral as limit of a sum. Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form. Differential equations: Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree. Formation of differential equations. The solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations.
- UNIT 5: Geometry
- Coordinate geometry: A cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
- Straight lines: Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, a distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of the centroid, the orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
- Circles, conic sections: Standard form of the equation of a circle, the general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent. Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = MX + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.
- Three Dimensional Geometry: Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.
- UNIT 6: Probability & Trigonometry
- Statistics and probability: Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
- Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.
- Trigonometry: Trigonometrical Identities and equations, Trigonometrical functions, Inverse trigonometric function: Definition, domain, range, elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions, Heights and Distances.
LPUNEST 2020 Syllabus Biology
- Unit 1: Diversity & Structural Organisation
- What is living? Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens.
- Five kingdom classiﬁcation: Salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Viruses and Viroids, Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms; Angiosperms- classification up to class, characteristic features and examples, Salient features and classification of animals- nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level.
- Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants: Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of ﬂowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inﬂorescence- cymose and racemose, ﬂower, fruit and see, Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach).
- Cell Structure and Function: Cell theory and cell as the Basic Unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, ﬂagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus. Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action;
- Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.
- Unit 2: Plant Physiology
- Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long-distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, Phloem transport, Mass ﬂow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases.
- Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, Biological Nitrogen fixation.
- Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non-cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.
- Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration- glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations- Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.
- Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.
- Unit 3: Human Physiology
- Digestion and absorption: Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhoea.
- Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals; Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans- Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
- Body ﬂuids and circulation: Composition of the blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
- Excretory Products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and function; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin- angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.
- Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, flagella, muscular; Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions; Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia Gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.
- Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans- central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reﬂex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.
- Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action; Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goitre, exophthalmic goitre, diabetes, Addison’s disease).
- Unit 4: Reproduction, Genetics and Evolution
- Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.
- Sexual reproduction in ﬂowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen- Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events- Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
- Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis- spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development up to blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation; Parturition; Lactation.
- Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control-Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT.
- Genetics and Evolution: Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism- Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex-linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
- Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation- Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA fingerprinting.
- Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidence for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence; Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic Theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene ﬂow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.
- Unit 5: Biology, Biotechnology and Human Welfare
- Health and Disease: Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.
- Improvement in food production: Plant breeding, tissue culture, single-cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.
- Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.
- Biotechnology and Its Applications: Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
- Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issues-Biopiracy and patents.
- Unit 6: Ecology and environment
- Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions- mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.
- Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy ﬂow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services-Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release.
- Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries.
- Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warming; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.
LPUNEST 2020 Syllabus English
- Grammar: Parts of speech – Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Adverb, Verb, Preposition, Conjunction Interjection; Tenses – Present, Past and Future Tense in Active and Passive Form; Modal Verbs – Can, Could, May, Might, Should, Will, Would.
- Associative Language Skills: Vocabulary – Antonyms, Synonyms, One-word substitution, Word Analogies, Idioms and Phrases
- Common Errors: Sentence Correction and Error Finding Exercises
- Comprehension Passages: Closed and Open paragraphs, identifying key ideas or theme.
LPUNEST 2020 Admit Card
LPU, the conducting authority of LPUNEST will release the admit card on the official website. Candidates can download their admit card by entering their credentials. A copy of the LPUNEST 2020 Admit Card will be mailed to the candidate's mail ID provided during registration.
How to download LPUNEST Admit Card?
Once the admit card is released, candidates can download them by following the steps given below.
- Step 1: Visit the official website of LPUNEST 2020.
- Step 2: Click on the “LPUNEST” icon.
- Step 3: Login using your credentials which are User Id and Password.
- Step 4: Click on submit. LPUNEST 2020 admit card will be displayed on the screen.
- Step 5: Download and take a printout of the Admit Card in the A4 size sheet.
Details on the LPUNEST admit card
Candidates can find the below mentioned details on the LPUNEST 2020 admit card.
- Candidate’s Name
- Roll number
- Date of Birth
- Candidate's photograph
- Test centre address
- Exam date and Slot time
- Course Name
- Exam instructions
LPUNEST 2020 Exam Centres
Exam Centres are spread across 200 cities with nearly 140 exam centres. The exam centre can be selected by the candidates at the time of filling the LPUNEST application form. Candidate can choose the centre which is comfortable and convenient. LPU NEST 2020 can be attended either in English or Hindi.
The list of exam centres which candidates can choose from are given in the following table:
|Himachal Pradesh||Bilaspur (HP)|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Jammu|
Note: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Lovely Professional University is offering candidates to appear for LPUNEST 2020 using remotely proctored online exams by staying at home. The exam can be attempted if the candidate has a laptop or an Android-based smart mobile phone with proper good internet connectivity of 1 Mbps.
LPUNEST 2020 Results
The results will be declared within 4 days after the exam is taken by the candidate on the official university portal. LPUNEST 2020 Result will be announced on the Lovely Professional University official website in the PDF format. Candidates can take a printout for future reference. 4 days after the exam is conducted, candidates can check the LPU results as mentioned in the steps below.
How to check LPUNEST 2020 Results?
You can check your results by following these steps:
- Step 1: Go to the official website of LPUNEST 2020 and click on the 'View Results' icon.
- Step 2: Enter your valid credentials, which are the LPUNEST 2020 application form number. Click on the ‘View Result’ tab.
- Step 3: Click on the submit button and you can view your LPUNEST 2020 result.
- Step 4: Take a printout of the LPUNEST 2020 result for future reference.
Details mentioned on LPUNEST 2020 Scorecard
The scorecard of LPUNEST contains the following details.
- Candidate’s name
- Roll number
- Course name
- Composite score
- Sectional score
- Overall Marks obtained
LPUNEST 2020 Cutoff
LPUNEST Cut Off 2020 is the minimum score that the candidate must score to be eligible for admission to Lovely Professional University National Entrance and Scholarship Test.
The LPUNEST Cut Off 2020 marks for B.Tech courses can be judged based on the previous year cutoffs. Candidates will also be with the scholarships who score more than or equal to the cutoff marks.
Factors Determining LPUNEST Cut Off 2020
The following factors are considered while evaluating the LPUNEST Cut Off:
- The minimum marks are set by the University and are based on a number of factors.
- The number of candidates, number of vacant seats, average performance in the entrance test, and last year’s cut off.
- After the cut-off is declared, a Merit List will be prepared on the basis of the candidates’ score in the entrance test.
LPUNEST 2020 Cut Off Jalandhar (Expected)
The table below represents the LPUNEST Cut Off 2020 for NATA, JEE is tabulated below:
|NATA||NATA Qualified [As per 2020]|
|JEE (Main) Paper-II Architecture||80 percentile|
LPUNEST Cut Off 2019 Jalandhar
Candidates can check the cutoff percentile for CAT score.
|Section||LPUNEST 2019 Cut Off (Percentile)|
LPUNEST Cut Off 2018 Jalandhar
Candidates will get the idea of the cutoff percentile for CAT score.
|Section||LPUNEST 2018 Cut Off (Percentile)|
LPUNEST 2020 Counselling
The counselling and admission process of Lovely Professional University (LPU) will be conducted in online mode only for the year 2020. Based on the LPUNEST 2020 merit list, the candidates will be called for the LPUNEST 2020 Counselling Process. Allotment of the seats is based on the candidate’s ranking in the LPUNEST 2020 exam, preferences, and availability of the seats.
Documents Required during LPUNEST 2020 Counselling
Candidates are required to bring the following documents at the time of the LPUNEST 2020 counselling process.
- 10th Marksheet
- 12th Marksheet and Pass Certificate
- LPUNET 2020 Admit Card
- LPUNEST 2020 Scorecard
- Any Photo identity or Government ID proof such as Aadhar, Pan Card, Driving License, Passport etc.
- Caste Certificate (If any)
- Birth Certificate
- Category Certificate
- Character Certificate
- Passport size photograph
LPUNEST 2020 Reference Books
Candidates aspiring to take admission in the Lovely Professional University (LPU) must learn and practice questions from good reference books. Since there are many courses under LPUNEST, each course has its own syllabus and reference books. The list of reference books for candidates preparing for LPUNEST 2020 is given below.
- NCERT Textbook for Class 11th and 12th (PCMB)
- Concepts of Physics(Volume 1 and 2) by HC Verma
- RD Sharma's Mathematics Class 11th and 12
- Concise Inorganic Chemistry by JD Lee
- Universal’s CLAT Guide
- Legal Awareness and Legal Aptitude by AP Bhardwaj
- NIFT, NID & IIFT Entrance Exam Guide By D Mittal
- General Aptitude: Quantitative Aptitude & Reasoning
- General Aptitude Theory and Practice by Anand Kumar and Ajay Kumar
- How To Prepare For CAT by Arun Sharma (All 3 Books - VARC/DILR/QA)
LPUNEST Preparation Tips
To prepare well for the exam and to score good marks, candidates must have a well-planned schedule. Candidates can refer to the preparation strategies to be followed before the exam. Some of these are listed below.
- Make a proper schedule
- Must have an in-depth knowledge of the exam syllabus and pattern.
- Solve previous years question papers to know the pattern of question papers.
- Attempt mock tests to manage time effectively.
- Make short notes for the important topics.
- Do a quick revision before the exam and study at least 8-10 hours per day.
For the LPUNEST 2020 exam and admission related queries, candidates can contact the below-given address and phone number.
Official Website: www.nest.lpu.in
Address: Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar - Delhi G.T. Road, Phagwara, Punjab (India) - 144411
Contact: +911824517000, +911824404404