BSc Biotechnology is a 3-year undergraduate course and is divided into six semesters that deal with the study of living organisms or biological systems and advanced technology to study the same. Graduates of the course can have job opportunities in drug and pharmaceutical research, environment control, waste management.

BSc Biotechnology Course Details

Degree Bachelors
Full Form Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
Duration Course Duration of Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Biotechnology) is 3 Years.
Age No specific Age Limit
Minimum Percentage 50 - 55%
Average Fees Incurred INR 50K - 1 LPA
Similar Options of Study B.Sc (Microbiology), B.Sc (Genetics), B.Sc (Biochemistry)
Average Salary Offered INR 4 LPA
Employment Roles Marketing Manager, Medical Coder, Quality Control Analyst, Data Analyst, Research Analyst, Research Scientist, Business Development Manager, Clinical Research Associate (CRA), etc.

About B.Sc Biotechnology Course

According to Oxford Languages, Biotechnology is defined as "the exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes, especially the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc." 

B.Sc in Biotechnology is a branch of applied biology that employs living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine, and other fields that require by-products. B.Sc Biotechnology subjects include human biology, cell biology, biological systems, chemistry, and structural biochemistry. Biotechnology is a field that will never stop evolving. As a result, there is a growing demand for B.Sc Biotechnology graduates, and job scope abounds across the country. One can easily find the desired position in various sectors/industries such as drug and pharmaceutical research, waste management, chemicals, energy, food processing, bio-processing industries, animal husbandry, environmental conservation, genetic engineering, etc.

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Eligibility Criteria for B.Sc Biotechnology Course

Admission for the B.Sc Biotechnology course requires students to have passed Xth and XIIth with Physics, Biology, and Chemistry as core subjects. Students must meet the eligibility requirements before registering for a course. Students must meet certain requirements to be considered for this course. And there is no age limit for this course.

How To Get Admission for B.Sc Biotechnology Course?

The admission procedure for the B.Sc Biotechnology program is determined solely based on the aspirant's grades in high school. However, some of India's most prestigious colleges held their entrance exam for this course. After that, students must fulfil the eligibility criteria to get into the final round, a group discussion or personal interview.

How to Apply?

In light of the COVID scenario, the majority of colleges are moving their admissions processes entirely online. Students must go to the colleges' official websites and begin the application process by providing information such as their name, phone number, email address, and course preferences, among other things. Students must go to the college of their choice and fill out an application form with the required documentation attached to enrol offline.

Selection Process

Before acceptance is confirmed, the college will need a final round of group discussion or a personal interview after the application has been accepted.

There are several entrance exams for biotechnology after 12th, the top 5 entrance exams for biotechnology after 12th so that one can get a clear picture of which exam they should take based on their interests and how it can help them achieve their goals of getting into top biotechnology colleges in India. Some of them are: 

  • JMI

A Quick Glance at the B.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Exams

The B.Sc Biotechnology entrance exam eligibility criteria 2021 are entirely dependent on the conduction body; hence, it varies. Below listed are some of the similarities between the popular engineering entrance examination:

  • The exam pattern includes logical, reasoning, and knowledge-based questions.
  • It is conducted in english medium only and is for 2 hours.
  • It is an objective type exam with 100 questions, with 400 marks in total. 
  • There is a negative marking, one mark for each wrong answer. 4 marks are awarded for each correct answer.

Top 10 B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in India

In India, the following colleges can be the best options for pursuing a B.Sc Biotechnology course after 12th as there are several colleges where B.Sc Biotechnology is practised, but some colleges are best for this course, and you must try to target these colleges.

Top B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in India


Name of the College


Fergusson College Pune


JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research Mysore


St. Xavier’s College Ahmedabad


JMI New Delhi


Banasthali Vidyapith Jaipur


Loyola College Chennai


Christ University Bangalore


Elphinstone College Mumbai


Madras Christian College Chennai 


Hindu College New Delhi

Fee Structure for B.Sc Biotechnology

Tuition fees are calculated by several variables, including the form of college (government or self-financing), the student's scholarship status, the college's ranking, and so on. Tuition fees can range from INR 50K - 1 LPA on average. Annual fees of some top colleges in India are given below:

B.Sc Biotechnology Fees Structure


Name of Institute

Average Annual Fee


Banasthali Vidyapith, Jaipur

INR 1,17,500 


St. Xavier’s College, Ahmedabad

INR 60,185


Christ University, Bangalore

INR 85,000


JMI, New Delhi

INR 8,000

Syllabus and Subjects for B.Sc Biotechnology

The course combines two broad domains: biology and technology. Biotechnology is a branch of applied biology that employs living organisms or biological systems to make technical advancements and apply them to various fields.

Various core courses and topics that would be covered in the B.Sc biotechnology course are:

  • Human Biology
  • Cell Biology and Biological Systems
  • Chemistry
  • Structural Biochemistry
  • Biological Chemistry
  • Plant Science

Read More about BSc Biotechnology Syllabus and Subjects

Why Choose B.Sc Biotechnology?

The answer to "Why choose B.Sc Biotechnology?" can be made simpler by breaking it down to the following three short questions:

What is B.Sc Biotechnology All About?

BSc Biotechnology course is for three years and often referred to as B.Sc biotech. Biotechnology, to put it simply, is the study of altering or improving living organisms for human use. This branch of science's primary goal is to create valuable goods to improve living organisms to increase their value. Aspirants of this course must have critical skills like logical and independent minds, meticulous attention to detail, excellent written and oral communication skills. Aspirants have scope in the field of drug and pharmaceutical research, environment control. Some major BSc biotechnology subjects are biophysical chemistry, cell biology, genetics, microbiology and macromolecules, animal and plant physiology.

Biotechnology has an excellent job scope in the present and future. Agriculture, bioremediation, food manufacturing, and energy production are all fields where biotechnology is being used. Plants immune to insects, weeds, and plant diseases are created using genetic engineering in agriculture.

What Does a Biotechnology Professional Do?

Biotechnology is used in a variety of fields and realms. It has applications in various fields, including healthcare, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, recycling, food processing, and manufacturing. Now, let's dive deep into the standard functions:

Research and Development: Biotechnology is used to genetically modify plants to increase their resistance to diseases and pathogenic microorganisms. In a nutshell, this will help boost agricultural productivity. Biotechnology is also used to create organic fertilizers.

Create New Products: Handle responsibilities such as using biological processes to create new products. They also assist in various researches at universities or commercial laboratories. Samsung Healthcare, Stryker, Toshiba Medical Systems, Drager, and others are only a few examples.

Reasons Why Biotechnology Can Fetch You a Rewarding Career?

Biotechnology is an increasingly growing industry where many large companies and multinational corporations invest capital, raising the market for B.Sc Biotechnology graduates. Since the world is moving toward growth and development, this area has become very popular among young people, and more and more people are choosing this route.

Demand: The lack of successful treatments for several diseases makes health sciences an enticing area for actively searching for ways to improve diagnostic methodologies or discover cutting-edge medical therapies for disease prevention and cure. Furthermore, there is a constant demand for talent to develop pharmaceutical formulations using both modern and conventional medical methods such as Ayurveda, medicinal plants, and Siddha medicine, which has resulted in a rise in the number of clinical researchers, pharmacologists, and biomedical scientists working.

Decent Salary and Job Growth: Average salary for Biotechnologist is 4 Lakhs Per Annum and, According to a study compiled by the Indian government, India's biotech sector is rising at a 20 per cent compound annual growth rate (CAGR), with a target of reaching USD 100 billion by 2025. The growth is phenomenal in the sector.

Read More about B.Sc Biotechnology Jobs

Preparation Tips for B.Sc Biotechnology 

Below are some preparation tips made by our experts for aspirants who want to pursue B.Sc in Biotechnology:

Know the Syllabus: Learning the syllabus ahead of time will help students concentrate on crucial points during lectures and exams.

Make a Strategy: Students should create a study plan that will allow them to study according to the syllabus and complete it before exams.

Strengthen Your Fundamentals: The course requires the student to be more focused on the basics of biology, chemistry. The practical section is also vital. Students will have to spend a reasonable amount of time in the laboratory, performing practical lessons and lab training.

Practice makes perfect: Candidates should practice and revise before the exam to reduce the unnecessary pressure one day before the examination.   

Scope For Higher Education

Students with a B.Sc in Biotechnology have a wide range of career opportunities after graduation. Students can opt for higher advanced education after completing their B.Sc Biotechnology degree course. The higher education options they can pursue are:

MSc: If you want to continue your education in the same field, an MSc in Biotechnology is an option. It's a two-year program that includes a BSc in Biotechnology as one of the prerequisites.

B.Ed: Aspirants interested in becoming a teacher in either public or private schools should consider enrolling in a B.Ed degree program. This course will provide them with the requisite perspectives for teaching at various levels of education.

PhD: After B.Sc. Biotechnology, one may venture into PhD also.

MBAAspirant should pursue an MBA in Pharmaceuticals or diploma courses if you have a natural talent for managing and directing people. This is one of the best career choices available.

Salary of a B.Sc Biotechnology

According to Payscale, the average Biotechnology salary in India is INR 5 LPA in India. This value varies depending on the city, years of experience, the job role, etc. Biotechnology is one of India's swiftly growing sectors as this sector will attract more and more youth, as there is tremendous growth in biotechnology.

Read More about B.Sc Biotechnology Salary  

Career Options After B.Sc Biotechnology

After completing B.Sc in Biotechnology, an individual can work both in public and private sectors depending on their preferences. There are many fields where biotechnology is applied. There are a wide variety of jobs from different areas. The leading recruiters are:

  • Research firms
  • Hospitals
  • Animal husbandry
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Laboratories
  • Food production firms
  • Ecology
  • Clinical research firms
  • Fertilizer manufacturers
  • Consultation agencies
  • Chemical manufacturers
  • Educational institutes

Skills That Make You Best In B.Sc Biotechnology

Candidates interested in biological sciences, have solid problem-solving skills, and are computer savvy should strongly consider this curriculum. Biotechnology graduates are in demand for a variety of high-paying positions all over the world. The field is constantly changing, and graduates will work as research scientists, biotech analysts, or specialists in their fields after completing the program. Some must-have skills and knowledge for B.Sc Biotechnology aspirants are given below:

  • Knowledge of biology
  • Analytical thinking skills
  • To be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • The ability to work well with others
  • The ability to work on your own
  • Knowledge of chemistry, including the safe use and disposal of chemicals
  • Excellent verbal communication skills

Frequently Asked Questions


What are the three branches of biotechnology?

The three types of biotechnology are medical, agricultural and industrial biotechnology.


Which is better- B.Tech in biotechnology or B.Sc in biotechnology?

Both courses have their unique traits. A B.Tech degree in biotechnology focuses both on the biological sciences as well as the chemical engineering principles involved. A BSc degree concentrates solely on the natural aspect.


Is M.Sc in biotechnology after B.Sc worth it?

Yes, M.Sc in biotechnology is an invaluable course as it helps an aspirant to take a step further in their research prospects while adding to the employability of an aspirant.

See Various Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Biotechnology) Colleges in India

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