B.Sc Biotechnology is a 3-year undergraduate course, divided into six semesters, that deal with the study of living organisms and biological systems, as well as the advanced technology involved in studying the same. Graduates of the course can have job opportunities in drug and pharmaceutical research, environment control, and waste management.

BSc Biotechnology Course Details

Degree Bachelors
Full Form Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
Duration Course Duration of Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Biotechnology) is 3 Years.
Age No specific Age Limit
Minimum Percentage 50 - 55%
Average Fees Incurred INR 50,000 - 1 LPA
Similar Options of Study B.Sc (Microbiology), B.Sc (Genetics), B.Sc (Biochemistry)
Average Salary Offered INR 4 LPA
Employment Roles Marketing Manager, Medical Coder, Quality Control Analyst, Data Analyst, Research Analyst, Research Scientist, Business Development Manager, Clinical Research Associate (CRA), etc.

About B.Sc Biotechnology Course

According to Oxford Languages, Biotechnology is defined as "the exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes, especially the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc." 

B.Sc Biotechnology is a branch of applied biology that employs living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine, and other fields that require by-products. B.Sc Biotechnology subjects include human biology, cell biology, biological systems, chemistry, and structural biochemistry.

Table of Contents

Eligibility Criteria for B.Sc Biotechnology Course

Admission for the B.Sc Biotechnology course requires students to have passed Xth and XIIth with Physics, Biology, and Chemistry as core subjects. Students must meet the eligibility requirements before registering for a course. Students must meet certain requirements to be considered for this course. And there is no age limit for this course.

How To Get Admission for B.Sc Biotechnology Course?

The admission procedure for the B.Sc Biotechnology program is determined solely based on the aspirant's grades in high school. However, some of India's most prestigious colleges held their entrance exam for this course. After that, students must fulfil the eligibility criteria to get into the final round, a group discussion or a personal interview. The course falls under the umbrella of B.Sc and henceforth has a similar admission process.

How to Apply?

In light of the COVID scenario, the majority of colleges are moving their admissions processes entirely online. Students must go to the colleges' official websites and begin the application process by providing information such as their name, phone number, email address, and course preferences, among other things. Students must go to the college of their choice and fill out an application form with the required documentation attached to enrol offline.

Selection Process

Before acceptance is confirmed, the college will need a final round of group discussion or a personal interview after the application has been accepted.

Merit-Based Admission

Merit-based admission might entail accepting candidates with the highest exam scores, or it can involve looking at each applicant's accomplishments and potential from a broader perspective.

  • Candidates must have a minimum of 60% in compulsory courses such as physics, chemistry, biology, or mathematics in their 12th grade.
  • Candidates must monitor the notice at their preferred colleges regularly.
  • Candidates must complete the application form by the deadline and submit it together with the necessary papers and payments.
  • After the college releases the merit list, the aspirants must complete the required formalities for admission if they are a part of the merit list.

Entrance-Based Admission

Entrance-based UG admissions are based on students' qualifying examination scores plus their entrance test results. Admissions applications are submitted online through the university's official website.

  • Students must first register for the admission exam by submitting their email address, phone number, and password, following which they will be given a login id. 
  • Aspirants will obtain their admission cards after paying the exam expenses. For a smooth examination, the conducting body will issue guidance. 
  • The results will be posted on the conducting body's official website a few days after the test. 
  • Aspirants will be assigned seats according to their ranks based on the results. 
  • Aspirants will have to undergo counselling and complete other required formalities according to the college to secure their admission.

Who Should Study B.Sc Biotechnology

A career as a biotechnologist necessitates ongoing research in several domains. This course is for applicants who are passionate about research. Biotechnologists change the genetic material of plants and animals to boost food and livestock output. This course will appeal to those who want to work in the field of food security and biodiversity. This course is for students who are interested in developing medications and vaccines.

When Should You Study B.Sc Biotechnology?

For individuals who are following a normal course, the B.Sc Biotechnology course should be pursued immediately after the completion of the 12th or equivalent exam. Candidates should enrol in this course if they have decided to pursue a mostly research-based profession.

Types of B.Sc Biotechnology

This course is for people interested in learning more about biology and its technology integration. There are two options for this programme: full-time B.Sc Biotechnology and distance B.Sc Biotechnology.

Full-Time B.Sc Biotechnology

The full-time B.Sc Biotechnology is a three-year programme that focuses on the advanced study of cellular and biomolecular processes involved in the creation of a wide range of technologies and products that help people live better lives and have better health. In a full-time B.Sc Biotechnology programme, students will gain significantly more exposure, experience, and knowledge via direct interaction with classmates and professors.

Distance B.Sc Biotechnology

Distance education B.Sc Biotechnology programmes typically last up to 6 years. This B.Sc Biotechnology programme is designed for working professionals. However, because the courses are extremely practical, it is recommended that students continue their education traditionally. Various universities, including Mahatma Gandhi University, Shobhit University, and IGNOU, offer distance B.Sc Biotechnology courses.

There are several entrance exams for biotechnology after 12th, and the top 5 entrance exams for biotechnology after 12th so that one can get a clear picture of which exam they should take based on their interests and how it can help them achieve their goals of getting into top biotechnology colleges in India. Some of them are: 

A Quick Glance at the B.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Exams

The B.Sc Biotechnology entrance exam eligibility criteria for the course are entirely dependent on the conduction body; hence, it varies. Below listed are some of the similarities between the popular engineering entrance examination:

  • The exam pattern includes logical, reasoning, and knowledge-based questions.
  • It is conducted in English medium only and is for 2 hours.
  • It is an objective-type exam with 100 questions, with 400 marks in total. 
  • There is a negative marking, one mark for each wrong answer. 4 marks are awarded for each correct answer.

Top 10 B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in India

In India, the following colleges can be the best options for pursuing a B.Sc Biotechnology course after 12th as there are several colleges where B.Sc Biotechnology is practised, but some colleges are best for this course, and you must try to target these colleges.

Top B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in India


Name of the College

1 Fergusson College Pune
2 JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research Mysore
3 St. Xavier’s College Ahmedabad
4 JMI New Delhi
5 Banasthali Vidyapith Jaipur
6 Loyola College Chennai
7 Christ University Bangalore
8 Elphinstone College Mumbai
9 Madras Christian College Chennai 
10 Hindu College New Delhi

Top B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Mumbai

Mumbai also has some of the best institutions for B.Sc Biotechnology in India. Check the table below for the top colleges of B.Sc Biotechnology in Mumbai:

Sl.No Institution
1 Mumbai University
2 Ramniranjan Jhunjhunwala College (R.J.C)
4 Elphinstone College
5 Wilson College

Read More: B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Mumbai

Top B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in New Delhi

India’s capital city is home to some of the best institutions for B.Sc Biotechnology in India. Here are the top B.Sc Biotechnology colleges in New Delhi:

Sl.No Institution
1 Jamia Millia Islamia
2 Gurukul Institute Of Management And Technology
4 Delhi Institute Of Technology And Paramedical Sciences
5 Sharda University

Read More: B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Delhi

Top B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Chennai

Chennai also has some of the best institutions for B.Sc Biotechnology in India. Check the table below for the top colleges of B.Sc Biotechnology in Chennai:

Sl.No Institution
1 Vels University
2 Dr. MGR Educational And Research Institute
3 Guru Nanak College
4 Hindustan College Of Arts And Science
5 University of Madras

Read More: B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Chennai

Top B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Bangalore

The capital city of Karnataka is renowned around the country for colleges offering top B.Sc Biotechnology programmes. Check the table below for the best B.Sc Biotechnology colleges in Bangalore:

Sl.No Institution
1 Surana College
2 Jain University
3 Christ University
4 Aditya Institute Of Management Studies And Research [AIMSR]
5 The Oxford College Of Science

Read More: B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Bangalore

Top B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Hyderabad

The Telangana state capital has some premier institutions in the country for B.Sc Biotechnology courses in India. Check the table below for the top B.Sc Biotechnology colleges in Hyderabad:

Sl.No Institution
1 Osmania University
2 Government City College
3 Anurag University
4 Vivekananda Degree College [VDC]
5 Avanthi Degree & PG College

Read More: B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Hyderabad

Top B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Kolkata

Kolkata, West Bengal's capital, boasts some of the top B.Sc Biotechnology institutes. The top B.Sc Biotechnology colleges in Kolkata are included in the table below:

Sl.No Institution
1 St. Xavier’s College
2 Techno India University
3 Guru Nanak Institute Of Pharmaceutical Science And Technology [GNIPST]
4 Amity University
5 University of Calcutta

Read More: B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Kolkata

Top B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Pune

Pune also has some of the best institutions for B.Sc Biotechnology in India. Check the table below for the top B.Sc Biotechnology colleges in Pune:

Sl.No Institution
1 Fergusson College
2 M.E.S. Abasaheb Garware College
3 Bharati Vidyapeeth
4 Dr D.Y. Patil Arts, Science And Commerce College
5 Modern College Of Arts Science And Commerce [MCASC]

Read More: B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges in Pune

Study B.Sc Biotechnology Abroad

Students who can afford it can study for a B.Sc Biotechnology in another country. A B.Sc Biotechnology study outside of India might take anywhere from 2-to 4 years, depending on the country.

Access to some of the best resources, facilities, and instructors, as well as global exposure in terms of subject matter and foreign cultures, are some of the advantages of pursuing a B.Sc Biotechnology degree abroad.


The United States has some of the greatest institutions and colleges in the world that offer top-notch B.Sc Biotechnology programmes. The top B.Sc Biotechnology colleges in the United States are shown in the table below:

Sl.No Institution
1 Harvard University
2 University of Pennsylvania
3 Northwestern University
4 Stanford University
5 New York University


The United Kingdom is one of the most renowned places in the world for quality education. They have a history of producing notable graduates since the 13th century. The table below shows the top colleges in the UK for B.Sc Biotechnology:

Sl.No Institution
1 University of Oxford
2 University of Cambridge
3 University of Sheffield
4 Lancaster University
5 University of Portsmouth


Canada is one of the most popular places in the world for B.Sc Biotechnology programmes. The top colleges for B.Sc Biotechnology in Canada are:

Sl.No Institution
1 University of Toronto
2 Georgetown University
3 McGill University
4 University of Montreal
5 Ontario College


For many students, Australia has emerged as one of the top locations for higher education. The following is a list of the best B.Sc Biotechnology colleges in Australia:

Sl.No Institution
1 University of Melbourne
2 RMIT University
3 University of Sydney
4 University of Adelaide
5 Deakin University

Fee Structure for B.Sc Biotechnology

Tuition fees are calculated by several variables, including the form of college (government or self-financing), the student's scholarship status, the college's ranking, and so on. Tuition fees can range from INR 50,000 - to 1 LPA on average. The annual fees of some top colleges in India are given below:

B.Sc Biotechnology Fees Structure


Name of Institute

Average Annual Fee

1 Banasthali Vidyapith, Jaipur INR 1 LPA
2 St. Xavier’s College, Ahmedabad INR 60,185
3 Christ University, Bangalore INR 85,000
4 JMI, New Delhi INR 8,000

Syllabus and Subjects for B.Sc Biotechnology

The course combines two broad domains: biology and technology. Biotechnology is a branch of applied biology that employs living organisms or biological systems to make technical advancements and apply them to various fields.

Various core courses and topics that would be covered in the B.Sc biotechnology course are:

  • Human Biology
  • Cell Biology and Biological Systems
  • Chemistry
  • Structural Biochemistry
  • Biological Chemistry
  • Plant Science

Read More: B.Sc Biotechnology Syllabus and Subjects

Why Choose B.Sc Biotechnology?

The answer to "Why choose B.Sc Biotechnology?" can be made simpler by breaking it down to the following three short questions:

What is B.Sc Biotechnology All About?

B.Sc Biotechnology course is for three years and is often referred to as B.Sc biotech. Biotechnology, to put it simply, is the study of altering or improving living organisms for human use. This branch of science's primary goal is to create valuable goods to improve living organisms to increase their value. Aspirants of this course must have critical skills like logical and independent minds, meticulous attention to detail, and excellent written and oral communication skills. Aspirants have scope in the field of drug and pharmaceutical research, and environment control. 

Biotechnology has an excellent job scope in the present and future. Agriculture, bioremediation, food manufacturing, and energy production are all fields where biotechnology is being used. Plants immune to insects, weeds, and plant diseases are created using genetic engineering in agriculture.

What Does a Biotechnology Professional Do?

Biotechnology is used in a variety of fields and realms. It has applications in various fields, including healthcare, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, recycling, food processing, and manufacturing. Now, let's dive deep into the standard functions:

Research and Development: Biotechnology is used to genetically modify plants to increase their resistance to diseases and pathogenic microorganisms. In a nutshell, this will help boost agricultural productivity. Biotechnology is also used to create organic fertilizers.

Create New Products: Handle responsibilities such as using biological processes to create new products. They also assist in various researches at universities or commercial laboratories. Samsung Healthcare, Stryker, Toshiba Medical Systems, Drager, and others are only a few examples.

Reasons Why Biotechnology Can Fetch You a Rewarding Career?

Biotechnology is an increasingly growing industry where many large companies and multinational corporations invest capital, raising the market for B.Sc Biotechnology graduates. Since the world is moving toward growth and development, this area has become very popular among young people, and more and more people are choosing this route.

Demand: The lack of successful treatments for several diseases makes health sciences an enticing area for actively searching for ways to improve diagnostic methodologies or discover cutting-edge medical therapies for disease prevention and cure. Furthermore, there is a constant demand for talent to develop pharmaceutical formulations using both modern and conventional medical methods such as Ayurveda, medicinal plants, and Siddha medicine, which has resulted in a rise in the number of clinical researchers, pharmacologists, and biomedical scientists working.

Decent Salary and Job Growth: Average salary for a Biotechnologist is 4 Lakhs Per Annum and, According to a study compiled by the Indian government, India's biotech sector is rising at a 20 per cent compound annual growth rate (CAGR), with a target of reaching USD 100 billion by 2025. The growth is phenomenal in the sector.

Read More: B.Sc Biotechnology Job Opportunities and Scope

Course Comparison

B.Sc Biotechnology is a specialized subject offering studies in the field of advancement of biotechnology. Graduates from the field can work in various industries offering many lucrative positions. Below is a course comparison between B.Sc Biotechnology and other courses:

B.Sc Biotechnology vs BTech Biotechnology

Below is a course comparison between B.Sc Biotechnology and B.Tech Biotechnology


B.Sc Biotechnology

B.Tech Biotechnology

Overview of the Course

Cellular and biomolecular processes are the emphasis of the B.Sc Biotechnology programme. R&D is given precedence over industry-specific expertise.

Biological Chemistry, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Analytical Techniques, and Bioinformatics are among the topics covered in the B.Tech Biotechnology programme.


3 Years 

4 Years


Class 12th or equivalent from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects. 

Class 12th or equivalent from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects. 

Admission Procedure 

Merit/ Entrance-Based

Merit/ Entrance-Based

Job Roles 

Lecturer, Marketing Manager, Biotech Product Analyst, Research Scientist etc. 

Maintenance Engineer, Service Engineer, Export & Import Specialist, Biotechnology Expert etc.

Average Fees 

INR 50,000- 2 LPA

INR 1.2-10 LPA

Average Salary 



Read More: B.Tech Biotechnology

College Comparison for B.Sc Biotechnology

B.Sc Biotechnology is offered by a significant number of institutions and universities across India. The following are some of the top universities, along with vital information on the ranking, admissions, fees, and salary packages:

Sr. No.

NIRF Ranking


Admission Type

Average Fees

Average Salary

1. 16 JMI, New Delhi JMI Entrance Exam INR 8,000 PA INR 5 LPA
2. 59 St. Xavier’s College, Ahmedabad Entrance-Based INR 60,185 PA INR 4 LPA
3. 95 Mumbai University, Mumbai Merit/ Entrance-Based INR 27,500 PA INR 6 LPA
4. 42 Fergusson College, Pune Merit-Based INR 11,025 PA INR 4.5 LPA
5. 151 Christ University, Bangalore Merit-Based INR 85,000 PA INR 3 LPA

Preparation Tips for B.Sc Biotechnology 

Below are some preparation tips made by our experts for aspirants who want to pursue B.Sc Biotechnology:

Know the Syllabus: Learning the syllabus ahead of time will help students concentrate on crucial points during lectures and exams.

Make a Strategy: Students should create a study plan that will allow them to study according to the syllabus and complete it before exams.

Strengthen Your Fundamentals: The course requires the student to be more focused on the basics of biology, and chemistry. The practical section is also vital. Students will have to spend a reasonable amount of time in the laboratory, performing practical lessons and lab training.

Practice Makes Perfect: Candidates should practice and revise before the exam to reduce the unnecessary pressure one day before the examination.   

Scope For Higher Education

Students with a B.Sc Biotechnology have a wide range of career opportunities after graduation. Students can opt for higher advanced education after completing their B.Sc Biotechnology degree course. The higher education options they can pursue are:

MSc: If you want to continue your education in the same field, an MSc in Biotechnology is an option. It's a two-year program that includes a B.Sc Biotechnology as one of the prerequisites.

B.Ed: Aspirants interested in becoming a teacher in either public or private schools should consider enrolling in a B.Ed degree program. This course will provide them with the requisite perspectives for teaching at various levels of education.

PhD: After B.Sc. In biotechnology, one may venture into a PhD also.

MBAAspirants should pursue an MBA in Pharmaceuticals or diploma courses if they have a natural talent for managing and directing people. This is one of the best career choices available.

Salary of a B.Sc Biotechnology

According to Payscale, the average Biotechnology salary in India is INR 5 LPA in India. This value varies depending on the city, years of experience, the job role, etc. Biotechnology is one of India's swiftly growing sectors as this sector will attract more and more youth, as there is tremendous growth in biotechnology.

Read More: B.Sc Biotechnology Salary  

Career Options After B.Sc Biotechnology

After completing B.Sc Biotechnology, an individual can work both in public and private sectors depending on their preferences. There are many fields where biotechnology is applied. There are a wide variety of jobs from different areas. The leading recruiters are:

  • Research firms
  • Hospitals
  • Animal husbandry
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Laboratories
  • Food production firms
  • Ecology
  • Clinical research firms
  • Fertilizer manufacturers
  • Consultation agencies
  • Chemical manufacturers
  • Educational institutes

Skills That Make You Best In B.Sc Biotechnology

Candidates interested in biological sciences, have solid problem-solving skills, and are computer savvy should strongly consider this curriculum. Biotechnology graduates are in demand for a variety of high-paying positions all over the world. The field is constantly changing, and graduates will work as research scientists, biotech analysts, or specialists in their fields after completing the program. Some must-have skills and knowledge for B.Sc Biotechnology aspirants are given below:

  • Knowledge of biology
  • Analytical thinking skills
  • To be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • The ability to work well with others
  • The ability to work on your own
  • Knowledge of chemistry, including the safe use and disposal of chemicals
  • Excellent verbal communication skills

Frequently Asked Questions


What are the three branches of biotechnology?

The three types of biotechnology are medical, agricultural and industrial biotechnology.


Which is better- B.Tech in biotechnology or B.Sc in biotechnology?

Both courses have their unique traits. A B.Tech degree in biotechnology focuses both on the biological sciences as well as the chemical engineering principles involved. A BSc degree concentrates solely on the natural aspect.


Is M.Sc in biotechnology after B.Sc worth it?

Yes, M.Sc in biotechnology is an invaluable course as it helps an aspirant to take a step further in their research prospects while adding to the employability of an aspirant.

See Various Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Biotechnology) Colleges in India

Add Your Question

Improve Your Question

Answer Now

Post By