Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Biology is one of the best BSc courses in the science field. As it deals with the study of biological topics such as evolution, diversity, botany genetics, biodiversity, ecology. It also includes the study of ing principles of Biology such as evolution, cell theory, genetics, homeostasis and energy. Students will get full knowledge about research and development and can seek a good job in the medical field. Subjects in BSc Biology includes biodiversity, biophysics, ecology, medical botony, biofertilizers and much more practical modules.

B.Sc Biology Fees in India:

Students who want to join the B.Sc Biology course need to be aware of the fee to meet their financial status. The course fee vary with respect to colleges or universities. The average course fee for the B.Sc Biology course is approximately INR 30,000 per annum.

B.Sc Biology Salary in India:

Every student's aim is to build a good career and get placed right after graduation. B.Sc Biology course provides ample career opportunities with good salary packages. The average B.Sc biology salary of an aspirant is approximately INR 4.97 lakhs per annum.

B.Sc Biology Course Details

Degree Bachelors
Full Form Bachelor of Science in Biology
Duration Course Duration of Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Biology) is 3 Years.
Age No age limit
Minimum Percentage 50% in 10+2 from a recognized Board
Subjects Required 10+2 in Science Stream
Average Fees Incurred The average B.Sc biology course fee is INR 30,000 per annum
Similar Options of Study B.Sc (Microbiology), B.Sc (Botany), B.Sc (Zoology), B.Sc (Biotechnology) etc.
Average Salary Offered Average B.Sc biology Salary in India is INR 4.97 lakhs per annum
Employment Roles Clinical Process Associate, Biology Content Developer, Biology Researcher, Biological Technician, Botanist, Conservationist, Ecologist, Environment Consultant, Farming Consultant, Geneticist etc.
Placement Opportunities Agricultural Research Services, Biotechnology Firms, Botanical Gardens, Botanical Survey, Broadcast Companies, Clinical Research Organizations, Colleges / Universities, Conservatories etc.

B.Sc Biology Course:

B.Sc Biology or Bachelor of Science in Biology is an undergraduate Biology course. Biology is a natural science that is concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy, function, properties and the entire study of the processes of all forms of life.

B.Sc (Biology) degree course encompasses the study of the five unifying principles of Biology, which includes genetics, homeostasis cell theory, evolution, and energy. Candidates who are adept to writing, making presentations and working well in a group are ideal for this course. The B.Sc (Biology) degree course provides complete training in the studies of organisms and their relationship to their environment. The duration of the course is three years and the course provides an array of career opportunities for B.Sc Biology.

Selection is done on the basis of marks obtained in 10+2. To get direct admission candidates to need to score at least 50% marks in 10+2 level. Several top B.Sc Biology colleges offer this course, some of the top ones are-

  • Dayanand College (Ajmer)
  • AIIMS  (Dehli)
  • Bundelkhand University (Jhansi)

B.Sc Biology Quicklinks:

What is B.Sc Biology Course?

What is Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Biology)?

Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Biology), teaches students the anatomy of plant and animal cells, the interconnection between living things and the empirical study of animal behavior. The syllabus and subjects of B.Sc Biology course also teach students about taxonomy, life science and the study of living beings in general.

The most critical thing that the course teaches it's students is the study of the unifying principles of Biology, which are governed by evolution, homeostasis, energy, and genetics. B.Sc in Biology differs from B.Sc in biotechnology, as the latter deals more with the application of the principles of biology, and the former is more of a pure science study.

Check: B.Sc Courses After 12th

Why Choose B.Sc Biology?

Why Choose Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Biology)? 

Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] Biology degree serves as a basis for further higher studies in this field such as M.Sc., Ph.D.and M.Phil. degree in Botany as well as in Zoology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Food Science, Biomedical Sciences, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Environmental Sciences, Virology, Toxicology etc. The successful completion of which makes one eligible for the post of a lecturer in any university/college. There are several other B.Sc Biology jobs available to the successful candidate.

Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] Biology degree holders have plenty of opportunities in the field of Research and Development (R&D), Pharmaceuticals and Chemical industries, Public Health and Environmental Protection Sectors, Clinical Research, Waste Management, etc. Candidates also have options in Research and Development, and they can become Research Associate. It allows one to conduct experiments under the supervision of established scientists.

Check: Courses After 12th

B.Sc Biology Entrance Exams:

There is no particular entrance exam for B.Sc biology course. But few colleges have their own entrance exams and other colleges give direct admission.

B.Sc Biology Course Preparation Tips:

Here are a few familiar preparation tips candidates should follow to clear the exams of B.Sc biology course:

  • Start early: Starting early helps the students in covering all the important topics and gives them time to revise the syllabus once again.
  • Knowledge of the exam paper pattern: The paramount step in preparing well for the entrance exam is a deep-rooted understanding and comprehension of the paper pattern and the syllabus.

  • Effective time management: Focus points should be kept in mind, with particular emphasis on weaker subjects and the daily practice of numerical problems. A timetable should be drawn, and the candidate should follow the timetable with dedication and diligence. 

  • Enrolling in coaching institutes: A coaching class or a tutor especially for clearing the entrance exam is a bonus as the teacher will help a candidate to focus on weaker zones and will aid in practice and comprehension of topics.

  • Practice makes perfect: Candidates should practice and revise before the exam so that it reduces the unnecessary pressure one day before the examination.

  • Attend mock test: Attending the mock test will give you the strength to write the exam properly. As it will help you in judging yourself, it will help you to focus on your weaker area in studies.
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B.Sc Biology Subjects:

B.Sc Biology Course is 2 years of post-graduation program, which is divided into 4 semesters. Below is the tabulation of all the B.Sc biology subjects, which most of the colleges follow in their curriculum.

B.Sc Biology Subjects - Semester - I
Sl.No Subjects
1 Chemistry (Theory)
2 Chemistry (Practical)
3 Light and Life (Theory)
4 Light and Life (Practical)
5 General Elective I (Theory)
6 General Elective I (Practical)


B.Sc Biology Subjects - Semester - II
Sl.No Subjects
1 Biophysics (Theory)
2 Biophysics (Practical)
3 Biodiversity (Theory)
4 Biodiversity (Practical)
5 General Elective II (Theory)
6 General Elective II (Practical)


B.Sc Biology Subjects - Semester - III
Sl.No Subjects
1 Protein and Enzymes (Theory)
2 Protein and Enzymes (Practical)
3 Cell biology (Theory)
4 Cell biology (Practical)
5 Ecology (Theory)
6 Ecology (Practical)
7 Medical botany
9 Medical diagnostics


B.Sc Biology Subjects - Semester - IV
Sl.No Subjects
1 Systems physiology (Theory)
2 Systems physiology (Practical)
3 Molecular biology (Theory)
4 Molecular biology (Practical)
Metabolism and integration (Theory)
Metabolism and integration (Practical)
Public health and management
8 Biochemical techniques
9 Recombinant DNA technology


B.Sc Biology Subjects - Semester - V
Sl.No Subjects
1 Growth and reproduction (Theory)
2 Growth and reproduction (Practical)
3 Genetics (Theory)
4 Genetics (Practical)
5 Natural resource management (Theory)
6 Natural resource management (Practical)
Analytical techniques in plant sciences (Theory)
Analytical techniques in plant sciences (Practical)
Stress biology (Theory)
10 Stress biology (Practical)


B.Sc Biology Subjects - Semester - VI
Sl.No Subjects
1 Animal behavior and chronobiology (Theory)
2 Animal behavior and chronobiology (Practical)
3 Endocrinology (Theory)
4 Endocrinology (Practical)
Biomaterials (Theory)
Biomaterials (Practical)
Microbiology (Theory)
Microbiology (Practical)
Plant biochemistry (Theory)
Plant biochemistry (Practical)


B.Sc Biology Fees:

Students who want to join the B.Sc Biology course need to be aware of the fee to meet their financial status. The course fee varies with respect to colleges or universities. The average course fee for the B.Sc Biology curriculum is approximately INR 30,000 per annum.

B.Sc Biology Syllabus:

B.Sc Biology is constructed from 6 semesters with a time span of 6 months each, collectively making 3 years. In those 3 years, a student has to go through theory subjects as well as practical. There are class tests, practicals, assignments, seminars, projects, and theory lectures. Biology is a diverse subject that covers many biological aspects of living organisms. Students have to study several important subjects during B.Sc. biology course.

Some of such important subject syllabus are listed below:

B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - I
Sl.No Chemistry
1 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Ionic Bonding
2 Chemical Thermodynamics
3 Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry
4 Stereochemistry


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - I
Sl.No Light and Life
1 Nature of light
2 Photosynthesis
3 Bioluminescence
4 Behavioral Aspects of Ecology and Physiology


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - II
Sl.No Biophysics
1 Mechanics
2 Waves and Oscillations
3 Biological Membranes
4 Spectroscopic Techniques


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - II
Sl.No Biodiversity
1 Defining Biodiversity
2 Modern Tools in the study of Biodiversity
3 Crop Diversity
4 Bio-prospecting


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - III
Sl.No Biodiversity
1 Biomolecules
2 Proteins
3 Enzymes
4 Isolation and Purification of Enzymes
5 Role of Metal Ions in Biology


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - III
Sl.No Cell Biology
1 An Overview of Cells
2 Tools and Techniques in Cell Biology
3 Cell Wall, Extra Cellular Matrix and Cell Interactions
4 Cell membrane
5 Nucleus
6 Mitochondria, Chloroplasts, Lysosomes, Gloxysomes and Peroxisomes
7 Cytoskeleton
8 Protein Sorting and Transport
9 Cell Signaling
10 Cancer


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - III
Sl.No Ecology
1 Introduction to Ecology
2 Population Ecology
3 Ecosystem and Community Ecology
4 Behavioral Ecology


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - III
Sl.No Medicinal Botany
1 History, Scope, and Importance of Medicinal Plants
2 Conservation of Endangered and Endemic Medicinal Plant
3 Ethnobotany and Folk Medicines


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - III
Sl.No Biofertilizers
1 Introduction
2 Azospirillum
3 Cyanobacteria
4 Mycorrhizal Association
5 Organic Farming


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - III
Sl.No Medical Diagnostics
1 Biomedical Basis of Diseases
2 Analytical Technology
3 Diagnostic Methods


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - IV
Sl.No System Physicology
1 Movements and Bulk Transport
2 Gas Exchange in Organism, Generation and Utilization of Energy
3 Regulatory Physicology
4 Integrative Physiology


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - IV
Sl.No Molecular Biology
1 Genes and Genomic Organization
2 Replication of DNA
3 DNA repair
4 DNA-dependent synthesis of RNA
5 RNA Processing
6 Proteins Synthesis
7 Regulation of Gene Expression


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - IV
Sl.No Metabolism and Integration
1 Concept of Metabolism
2 Metabolic Pathways
3 Metabolic Integration
4 Oxidative phosphorylation


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - IV
Sl.No Metabolism and Integration
1 Introduction
2 Pollution
3 Waste Management and Hazards
4 Diseases


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - IV
Sl.No Biochemical Techniques
1 Spectroscopic Techniques
2 Chromatography
3 Electrophoresis
4 Centrifugation


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - IV
Sl.No Recombinant DNA Technology
1 Introduction to Recombinant DNA Technology
2 Cloning Vectors for Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
3  Introduction of DNA into Cells
4 Applications of RDT


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - V
Sl.No Growth and Reproduction
1 Introduction
2 Pre-Fertilization Changes
3 Post-Fertilization Changes and Early Development
4 Differentiation


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - V
Sl.No Genetics
1 Mendelian Genetics and Extensions
2 Linkage, Crossing Over and Chromosomal Mapping
3 Mutations
4 Extrachromosomal Inheritance
5 Genome Dynamics-Transposable Genetic Elements
6 Genomics, Bioinformatics and Proteomics
7 Population and Evolutionary Genetics


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - V
Sl.No Analytical Techniques in Plant Sciences
1 Imaging and Related Techniques
2 Cell Fractionation
3 Radioisotopes
4 Spectrophotometry
5 Chromatography
6 Characterization of Proteins and Nucleic Acids


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - V
Sl.No Stress Biology
1 Defining Plant Stress
2 Environmental Factors
3 Stress Sensing Mechanisms in Plants
4 Reactive Oxygen Species


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - V
Sl.No Natural Resources Management
1 Natural Resources
2 Sustainable Utilization
3 Land
4 Water
5 Biological Resources


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - VI
Sl.No Wildlife Conservation and Management
1 Introduction
2 Habitat Analysis
3 Human-Wildlife Conflict
4 Modern Concepts of Management


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - VI
Sl.No Animal Behaviour and Chronobiology
1 Introduction
2 Mechanisms of Behaviour
3 Patterns of Behaviour
4  Social Behaviour
5 Altruism
6 Sexual Behaviour


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - VI
Sl.No Biomaterials
1 Introduction to Biomaterials
2 Biocompatibility
3 Modified biomaterials
4 Applications of Biomaterials


B.Sc Biology Syllabus - Semester - VI
Sl.No Microbiology
1 History of Microbiology and Classification
2 Microbial Nutrition and Growth
3 Microbial Cell Organization
4 Microbial Genetics
5 Viruses
6 Food and Microbiology

B.Sc Biology Course Eligibility:

Eligibility Criteria for Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Biology):

The basic eligibility criterion for pursuing B.Sc. (Biology) the degree is qualifying 10+2 or equivalent examination in Science stream with a minimum of 50% marks secured in Biology subject and/or in aggregate from a recognized board of the country.

Some reputed colleges and institutes conduct entrance examinations to allow admission to their B.Sc (Biology) degree course. Selection to the degree course in these colleges is based on marks secured in the final merit i.e. total marks aggregated in the final exams of 10+2 and the entrance exam. Candidates who have communication skills, writing and making presentations, teamwork skills and can do group projects and seminars are the most suitable for the course.

They should have also organizational skills, problem-solving skills, project and time management skills, self-reliance, initiative, business awareness, and strong interpersonal skills. Candidates who desire to become a lecturer at the college level will have to have a Master’s degree plus NET exam. So they also are a suitable match for it. Candidates should have skills like critical thinking, active learning, problem-solving, creativity, innovation and research skills.

B.Sc Biology Course Admission:

Admission Procedure for Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Biology):

Candidates who have successfully cleared their 10+2 examination in science stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as compulsory subjects can apply for the admission in B.Sc biology course and there is no need to give any entrance examination for the same as admissions are given on merit basis. Merit list is prepared on the basis of 10+2 score and selected candidates have to go through group discussion and personal interview to get into the course. Through group discussion and personal interviews, the capabilities and skills of candidates are assessed on an individual basis.

Generally, application forms are available in the month of June and July every year. Candidates need to fill the form and have to submit as per the guidelines prescribed in the prospectus.

B.Sc Biology Job Opportunities:

A B.Sc biology graduate has ample of opportunities waiting around, all one needs to do is to grab it. All of this is because of the diverse skill set one possesses. There are many job opportunities after graduation. some of the fields are Biology content developer, Biological Technician, Conservationist etc.

B.Sc Biology Salary:

Every student's aim is to build a good career and get placed right after graduation. B.Sc Biology course provides ample career opportunities with good salary packages. The average B.Sc biology salary of an aspirant is approximately INR 4.97 lakhs per annum.

List of B.Sc Biology Colleges:

Below mentioned are the few top B.Sc biology colleges in India which provide the B.Sc biology course:

Sl. No. Name of the College
1 Dayanand College, Ajmer
2 Career College, [CC] Bhopal
3 Rayat Shikshan Sanstha's Dahiwadi College, Satara
4 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, [AIIMS] New Delhi
5 Lal Bahadur Shastri PG College, [LBSPGC] Jaipur
6 Bundelkhand University, Jhansi
7 Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar
8 Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya, [MGCGV] Satna
9 MES College of Arts Commerce and Science, [MESCACS] Bangalore
10 Islamia Karimia College, [IKC] Indore

Distance B.Sc Biology:

B.Sc biology distance learning is offered to those candidates who do not find time to go for full-time classes, these students can go for IGNOU. IGNOU is an open university which is built to provide learnings to individuals through various means other than going through full academic session. Other than IGNOU there is a large number of colleges in India offer distance learning or correspondence courses in B.Sc biology. Some of the names of colleges are listed below:

  • Nalanda open university, Bihar
  • Netaji Subhas university, Kolkata
  • Wisdom School of Management, Lucknow
  • Dr CV Raman University, Bilaspur
  • Saraswati distance education, Mumbai

Difference between B.Sc Biology and B.Sc Chemistry, Botany, Zoology [CBZ]:

What is the difference between B.Sc Biology and B.Sc CBZ? Below is a difference that is a must-read for every B.Sc aspirant.

Sl.No B.Sc Biology B.Sc CBZ
1 It is an undergraduate program after (10+2)
It is the advanced study in the field of Chemistry, Botany, Zoology
2 Here the topics would be like flor, fauna, reactions and. enzymes related to organisms Here the student has to select one topic among CBZ as the main course
3 It covers the topics of Chemistry, Botany and Zoology Here one has to select one topic among the 3 and get deeper into it.

B.Sc Biology Course FAQs:

  1. Can one become a  doctor after completing B.Sc Biology course?
    -No, to become a doctor one has to complete an undergraduate MBBS degree.

  2. Is B.Sc biology better than MBBS?
    -No, B.Sc biology is easier than MBBS rather than better.

  3. Is B.Sc biology a good degree?
    -Yes, B.Sc biology is a good area and it provides a good scope.

Related Courses:

See Various Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Biology) Colleges in India

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