|Full Form||Bachelor of Education|
|Duration||Course Duration of Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] is 2 Years.|
|Age||Minimum age limit is 21 years|
|Minimum Percentage||50% - 55%|
|Subjects Required||Graduation/Post Graduation from the recognized university.|
|Average Fees Incurred||INR 6000 - 1 Lakh per annum|
|Similar Options of Study||BA B.Ed, B.Sc B.Ed, B.Com B.Ed|
|Average Salary Offered||INR 3.5 Lakh per annum|
|Employment Roles||Primary School Teacher, High School Teacher, Head Teacher, Secondary School Teacher, Mathematics Teacher, Middle School Teacher, Teacher Assistant, Social Worker, High School Principal etc.|
|Placement Opportunities||HCL Technologies Ltd., Oakridge International School, Billabong, Oberoi International School, VIBGYOR High etc.|
Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] course is an undergraduate professional degree that prepares students to work as teachers in schools.
The B.Ed degree is mandatory for teaching at the secondary (classes 6 to 10) and higher secondary (10+2 or classes 11 and 12) divisions. Formerly often referred to as Bachelor of Training [BT] or in some universities as ‘Siksha Shastri’, the course duration is generally 2 years.
Bachelor of Education course can also be pursued through Correspondence or Distance Learning, both of which generally have a duration of 2 years. The B.Ed course admission procedure can vary according to universities.
After B.Ed, students have the flexibility to pursue Master of Education [M.Ed.] in any Indian university or teacher-training institutes offering the course. The National Council for Teacher Education is the statutory body that regulates teacher training courses in India.
The specialization subject or stream of pursuance by a particular student prior to the pursuance of B.Ed course determines the choice of subjects that he or she is allowed to teach.
For students who have pursued Humanities stream, the choice of subjects of instruction is vastly constricted to the following:
Some of the top colleges in India who offer the Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] curriculum includes:
The students who have pursued the Science Stream are trained to teach
The course is considered to be the bedrock of one of the most promising professions in terms of salary and job security besides the tremendous amount of respect that a teacher commands in the world.
The minimum duration for the completion of a B.Ed course through distance mode is two years. However, the maximum duration has been set as five years.
The candidates wishing to pursue a B. Ed. course are mandated to appear for B.Ed entrance exams organized by various institutions or colleges of India.
The B.Ed salary scale for a government teaching job is very impressive, while the growth rate in salary is exponentially high for diligent aspirants.4
The full form of B.Ed is Bachelor of Education. It is usually opted for by aspirants who wish to take up teaching as a profession.
For candidates who complete their undergraduate degree in B.Ed, an option to pursue higher studies i.e., M.Ed is a viable option for further expertise.
The Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] degree is mandatory for teaching in higher primary school and high schools.
The 2-year program is generally divided into four semesters by the institutes. The curriculum is structured in order to involve both classroom-based teachings as well as practical training and internships.
The curriculum of the B.Ed course syllabus covers the basics of education, learner, and learning while exploring the innate relationship between a teacher and student. Values and ethics such as discipline, understanding, patience, and perseverance are inculcated in candidates to maximize their productivity.
The various B.Ed subjects pursued in the B.Ed curriculum are listed below.
The ideal teacher should deal with children with different mentalities from different socio-economic categories adeptly while nurturing the unique talents and ideologies of each child.
A major component of the B.Ed curriculum is student psychology, which helps in developing the relationship between a teacher and a student and professes to the teacher several avenues to inculcate the proper set of values and ethics in a student.
The Pursuance of the Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] course makes an individual skilled in the efficient importance of knowledge based on the principles of learning and teaching. It develops one's communication skills and widens one's mental bandwidth so that the aspirant can impart quality education to students.
The perks of the teaching profession are manifold and inspire tens of thousands of aspirants each year:
The teaching profession is considered to be a very noble service to society as the opportunity to influence future generations is crucial to the pillars of society.
The B.Ed course renders an aspirant competent in comprehending the psychological principles of growth and development while analyzing the individual differences of the students one teaches which facilitates a proper understanding of their demands and needs.
This course demands aspirants to be vocal and fluent in their speech while being adept at problem-solving since teaching at the high school level is a very challenging job.
The B.Ed job scope and employability opportunities are vast and command a huge amount of respect due to the noble nature of the teachers' profession.
To facilitate admission into the B.Ed curriculum, many universities and colleges conduct entrance examinations to select the students who possess appreciable communicative and learning capabilities. Teachers Eligibility Test [TET] is an exam conducted by the Central Government and is considered the benchmark entrance exam for the B.Ed curriculum.
The curriculum of the B.Ed course covers vast areas of human development and psychology as well as specialization subjects and comprises subjects like children development, pedagogy, and other language papers among others.
For the purpose of admission of students into the Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] curriculum in colleges around India, several universities and institutes conduct entrance exams to facilitate the assessment of the merit of the aspirants. A list of such entrance exams for the B.Ed curriculum is listed below.
Allahabad University B.Ed Entrance Test: It is conducted by the Allahabad University in the month of June for the purpose of admission into their B.Ed curriculum.
Chhattisgarh Professional Examination Board: This exam is conducted every year in the month of June for the purpose of admission into the prestigious government-affiliated colleges in the state.
Jammu And Kashmir Board: This exam is particularly conducted for the granting of admission of students into the B.Ed curriculum in several colleges in the state.
Andhra Pradesh Education Common Entrance Test: It is an objective-type examination conducted by the state education board to facilitate admission of students into the B.Ed curriculum in several colleges in the state.
Uttar Pradesh Joint Entrance Test: Conducted by the Lucknow University, the application eligibility for applying for this exam is a minimum of 45% in their matriculation exams.
Himachal Pradesh University B.Ed Entrance Test: It is conducted by the Himachal Pradesh University usually in the month of June to grant admission to students in the state-run colleges in the state.
Knowledge of the following subjects is a requisite for the entrance exams for admission into the Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] curriculum in most states
The subjects pursued in the curriculum of Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges are:
|Sl. No.||Subjects of Study|
|1||Paper-I Philosophical and Sociological Basis of Education|
|2||Paper-II The Learner – Nature and Development|
|3||Paper-III Teaching-Learning Process|
|4||Paper-IV (PART-A) School Management
(PART-B) Computer Education
|5||Paper-V (PART-A) Guidance and Counselling
(PART-B) Any One of the following options:
(i) School Library Services
(ii) Comparative Education
(iii) Adult and Continuing Education
(iv) Health and Physical Education
(v) Education of Children with special needs
(vi) Population Education
(vii) Distance Education and Open Learning
(viii) Environmental Education
(xi) Yoga Education
(x) Value Education
(xi) Educational Technology
(xii) Elementary Education
(xiii) Women Education & Indian Society
(xiv) Co-Curricular Activities in Schools
(xv) E-Education Resource Development
Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] course fees may vary from college to college The average fees incurred ranges from 60000 to 1 lakh per annum. It may also vary for full-timers and regulars.
The uniform curriculum for Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] framed by the National Council of Education Research and Training [NCERT] for the better development of students lays down ground-rules and syllabus framework for students all across the nation
|Sl. No.||Childhood and Growing Up||Contemporary India and Education||Language across the Curriculum||Understanding ICT And its Application|
|1||Learner as a Developing Individual||Contemporary India||Language Background of Students||Introduction to ICT|
|2||Development and Learning||Constitutional Provisions and Education||Nature of Classroom Discourse||ICT and Pedagogy|
|3||Understanding Childhood in a Socio-cultural perspective||Policy Framework for Development of Education in India||Informational Reading and Writing||ICT for Assessment and Management|
|4||Adolescence: Issues and Concerns||Initiatives of Government of India|
|5||Stages of Child Development: Implications for Teachers||Contemporary Indian Education: Concerns and Issues|
|Sl. No.||Learning and Teaching||Knowledge and Curriculum||Assessment for Learning|
|1||Understanding the Learner||Knowledge and Knowing||Assessment and Evaluation: An Overview|
|2||Understanding Learning||Forms of Knowledge and its organization in Schools||Context of Assessment|
|3||Learning in ‘Constructivist’ Perspective||Curriculum Determinants and Considerations||Assessment Procedure|
|4||Understanding Teaching||Curriculum Development||Data Analysis, Feedback, and Reporting|
|5||Teaching as a Profession||Curriculum Implementation and Renewal|
|Sl. No.||Engagement with the Field: Tasks||Creating an Inclusive School||Health, Yoga and Physical education|
|1||Tasks and Assignments in different Courses||Understanding Inclusion in Education||Health Education|
|2||School Internship||Understanding physical, psychological and social-cultural diversity||Physical Education|
|3||Courses on Enhancing Professional Capacities||Addressing Learners’ Diversity||Yoga|
|Sl. No.||Gender, School and Society||Reading and Reflecting on Texts||Arts in Education||Understanding the Self|
|1||Gender Issues: Key Concepts||Read the prescribed stories||Visual Art and Craft||Understanding of Self|
|2||Socialization Processes in India: Family, School, and Society||Essays/ Excerpts from Literary Texts||Performing Arts: Dance, Music, Theatre, and Puppetry||Development of Professional Self and Ethics|
|3||Creating Gender Inclusive Classroom||Essays /Excerpts from Educational and Scientific Texts||Theory: Appreciation of Art||Role of Teacher in Developing Understanding of Self among Learners|
The minimum qualification required for admission into a Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] course is a Bachelor of Arts [BA], Bachelor of Science [B.Sc.] or Bachelor of Commerce [B.Com] from recognized board/university.
A minimum aggregate score of 50% in graduation is a requisite for admission. A minimum aggregate score of 55% at post-graduate level is mandatory for admission into colleges for the B.Ed curriculum.
Some universities and colleges conduct entrance examinations for the selection of candidates based on their performance in the entrance test. Most of the examinations are conducted in the month of June or May.
The admission to the Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] curriculum in colleges in India is conducted mainly through entrance exams conducted by the states and institutions for granting admission to students.
Candidates are advised to go through the different procedures of admission to the University he/she is opting for.
Students need to apply in an entrance test conducted by the various state and Independent educational bodies and universities for admission in various teaching institutions attached to it. Admission in the same is granted according to the rank of the candidate in the entrance exam.
Generally, the admission test is conducted in the month of May or June and the forms for the admission test are available online.
The entrance exams mainly focus on objective-type questions on subjects like
The results of these exams are generally declared by July/August. Candidates undergo practical training courses apart from theory classes.
There will be a counselling round after the merit list is announced.
The specialization options are available to students in the Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] curriculum is listed below:
|3||B.Ed (Biological Sciences)|
|4||B.Ed (Business Studies)|
|5||B.Ed (Child Development)|
|7||B.Ed (Computer Science)|
|9||B.Ed (Education of Handicapped)|
|12||B.Ed (Home Science)|
|13||B.Ed (Information Technology)|
|16||B.Ed (Natural Science)|
|17||B.Ed (Physical Science)|
|19||B.Ed (Social Science)|
|20||B.Ed (Special Education – Locomotor and Neurological Disorder)|
|21||B.Ed (Special Education)|
|22||B.Ed (Special Education) (Learning Disability)|
|23||B.Ed (Special Education) (Mental Retardation)|
|24||B.Ed (Special Education) (Visually Impaired)|
Graduates of Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] course find a wide scope of employability in the job market. Some of the major and most lucrative job opportunities for B.Ed graduates are:
The salary package offered to graduates of Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] curriculum in the private and public sectors portray a stark difference. Freshers in the private sector begin with a lower base package as compared to employees in the public sector. However, the growth rate with experience in the private sector is exponential.
Aspirants with higher qualifications, greater skill set and greater experience have better chances of teaching in highly reputed schools with salary packages often increasing to almost double of that in the public sector.
In the public sector, the admission procedure is rigid and is subject to the candidates' qualification of the Central Teacher Eligibility Test [CTET]. The salary packages may deviate due to their subject of specialization or their experience.
Rs 5,000 per month
Rs 12,000 per month
Rs 15,000 – Rs 40,000 per month
Rs 25,000 – Rs 40,000 per month
Some of the top colleges in India offering Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] course in the full-time course are listed below:
|3||Jamia Millia Islamia Institute of Post Graduate Studies and Research|
|4||The University of Kerala, Department of Education|
|5||University of Madras|
|6||Maharishi Dayanand University|
|7||Mother Teresa Women's University|
|9||SNDT Women's University|
|10||Madurai Kamaraj University|
Some of the top Bachelor of Education [B.Ed] colleges offering distance learning to students all over India are listed below:
|Sl. No.||Name of the College|
|1||Lady Shri Ram College for Women, New Delhi|
|2||Satyam College of Education, Noida|
|3||Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam|
|4||Lady Irwin College, Delhi University|
|5||Bombay Teachers Training college, Mumbai|
|6||St. Xavier's College of Education, Patna|
|7||D.M College of Teacher Education, Imphal|
|8||Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar|
|9||Amity University, Noida|
|10||Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi|
|11||Indira Gandhi National Open University|
|12||Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University|
|13||Karnataka State Open University|
|14||Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University|
|15||Netaji Subhas Open University|
Graduation with 45 percent marks is the basic elibility criteria to join the course. Merit the cutoff of the course is on the basis of marks.
The eligibility criteria to join any 3 year bachelor degree such as BSC /B.Com /BA /BCA and so on, is to have 50% or more in the previous academic result. There are various entrance exams for different courses, I took hpu shimla B. Ed entrance examination to join. The cutoff is 60% for general category.