Updated on Nov 21, 2022 by Lisha Gupta
MCA is a 3-year professional postgraduate course that deals with the various aspects of computer science and applications. The MCA scope is vast considering the wide use of computers across industries Freshers of the MCA can apply for a diversity of designations such as System Administrators, Computer Scientist, Software Developer, Industrial Designer, Chief Information Officer, Consultant and Project Leader.
|Full Form||Master of Computer Application|
|Age||No Age Limit|
|Minimum Percentage||45-50% in undergraduate|
|Average Fees||INR 30,000 - 2.4 LPA|
|Similar Options of Study||MCM, M.Sc (Computer Science), B.Tech (Computer Science and Engineering), BCA+MCA, MCS|
|Average Salary||INR 5.3 LPA|
|Employment Roles||Senior Software Engineer, Software Engineer, Software Developer, Sr. Software Engineer / Developer / Programmer, Team Leader (IT), Project Manager (IT), Lead Software Engineer, etc|
|Opportunities||HCL Technologies Ltd., Tata Consultancy Services Limited, Accenture, Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp, Capgemini, Tech Mahindra Ltd, Sapient Corporation, Oracle Corp., Mindtree Consulting etc|
MCA is a 3-year duration course that deals with introducing its students to the theoretical concepts of computer science and its practical applications. The full form of MCA stands for Master of Computer Application. Merriam-Webster defines computer science as a branch of science that deals with the theory of computation or the design of computers.
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For admissions into the MCA course, students must ensure they satisfy the basic eligibility criteria. The minimum mark for selection process eligibility is 50%. MCA full form stands for Master of Computer Application. Therefore, the student must have a basic knowledge of computer science and its applications.
Aspirants of the course must have had mathematics as a core subject in the 10+2 or Bachelors. Along with the basic merit-based eligibility, some colleges also conduct an MCA entrance exam for the admission process. There is no age limit for applying to the MCA course.
Students must be aware of the MCA course details before applying for the same. For the admission process, students must ensure they satisfy the basic MCA eligibility criteria. The basic eligibility criteria for securing admission into the MCA course include students completing their Bachelor’s degree from any stream with a minimum of 50%.
Aspirants of the MCA degree must have had Mathematics as one of the primary subjects in their 10+2 or undergraduate degree. Along with the merit-based selection process, few colleges conduct an MCA entrance exam to ensure they select the best potential student along all the lines of requirements.
Applications for the MCA admission process may be availed by students by visiting the college website or directly communicating with the admissions office of the respective institution.
Listed below are some of the admission process details for MCA in general:
MCA course details for the admission process are available on the website of colleges through which the aspirants of the course can begin their application process. Applications for the MCA admission process are available to students through both the offline and online modes.
The selection process for the MCA course conducted by various colleges usually revolves around the candidate’s performance in the undergraduate degree. Aspirants of MCA must ensure a minimum of 50% marks in their Bachelor’s to secure the basic eligibility criteria for merit-based selection.
Along with the merit-based selection process, several colleges also conduct an MCA entrance exam for the admission process. This helps the colleges to ensure they select the best candidate with the knowledge and skills required for the MCA duration. Students can view their admission process results on the college portal or may receive them via email.
The Master of Computer Applications should be taken up by candidates who are interested in pursuing a career as a Software Developer.
Master of Computer Application can be pursued by individuals who have got 50% or more in their relevant undergraduate course. Admission to the Master of Computer Applications is done either based on a merit list or entrance examination. Most of the top colleges admit students based on entrance examinations.
In the final year of the MCA course, students can opt for numerous MCA specializations as required. Some of the MCA specializations that are available across the Indian universities are:
Students can go for MCA courses online as well as MCA course distance education. Tabulated below are some of the important information related to the types of MCA course.
|Parameter||MCA Course Distance Education||MCA Course Online|
|Mode||Distance Education||Online through web facility|
|Duration||2-5 Years||6 Months-4 Years|
|Eligibility||Bachelor's degree||Bachelor's Degree|
|Average Fees||INR 40,000-1.5 LPA||INR 30,000-1.5 LPA|
|Top Colleges||IGNOU, Annamalai University, University Of Mumbai, Institute Of Distance & Open Learning - [Idol], Mumbai||University of Mysore, Amity University, Tamil Nadu Open University|
Read More: Distance MCA
For admissions into MCA, the selection is either based on merit or the candidate’s performance in the MCA entrance exam conducted by the colleges. Aspirants must ensure they prepare for the entrance exam tediously along all the lines of requirements for MCA qualification.
The MCA entrance exam process ensures the concerned institution that they make a selection of students with all the required skills. Listed below are some of the popular MCA entrance exams conducted in India:
Students who aspire to get admission into MCA should ask the question, ‘What is MCA?’ The demands and skills required for the MCA duration should be studied in detail to increase their chances of getting selected for admission.
Timely preparation for the MCA entrance exam well beforehand ensures a better understanding of the concepts helping students to clearly understand ‘What is MCA ?’ Students should research MCA course entrance exams to understand the different patterns of question papers in various colleges around the country.
Listed below is the pattern for the entrance exam:
Read More: MCA Entrance Exams
The courses offered by the best MCA colleges in India can be availed through both the regular model and distance learning. Studying in the best MCA colleges in India ensures a high profile career for graduates who seek to climb the ladder of success.
Many of the top MCA colleges conduct an entrance exam to ensure they select the candidates with the highest potential. Listed below are some of the best MCA colleges in India:
Name of the Institute
|College Name||MCA Course Fees|
|Annex College||INR 1.2 LPA|
|Techno India University||INR 1.77 LPA|
|BP Poddar Institute of Management and Technology||INR 3.10 LPA|
|Narula Institute of Technology||INR 2.06 LPA|
|Pailan College of Management and Technology||INR 99,150 PA|
|Future Institute of Engineering and Management||INR 1.41 LPA|
|University of Calcutta||INR 19,094 PA|
|Heritage Institute of Technology||INR 1.24 LPA|
Read More: MCA Colleges in Kolkata
|Colleges||MCA Course Fees|
|Christ University||INR 1.40 LPA|
|Presidency University||INR 1 LPA|
|Administrative Management College||INR 60,000 PA|
|Jain University||INR 1,37 LPA|
|Global Institute of Management Sciences||-|
|AJ Aviation Academy||-|
|Sambhram Academy of Management Studies||INR 75,000 PA|
|Kristu Jayanti College||INR 1.17 PA|
|Mount Carmel College||-|
|AIMS Institutes||INR 4.02 PA|
Read More: MCA Colleges in Bangalore
|Colleges||MCA Course Fees|
|Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth||INR 45,000 PA|
|MIT School of Management||INR 1.50 LPA|
|AIMS||INR 67,000 PA|
|Dr DY Patil Institute of Management & Research||INR 98,000 PA|
|Ness Wadia College of Commerce||-|
|Dr D.Y. Patil Arts, Science, And Commerce Pimpri||INR 55,000 PA|
|Progressive Education Society's Modern College of Engineering||INR 84,500 PA|
|ASM Group of Institutes||INR 81,000 PA|
|Sinbad Business School||INR 84,537 PA|
|Jayawant Institute of Management Studies||INR 1.13 LPA|
Read More: MCA Colleges in Pune
|Colleges||MCA Course Fees|
|University of Hyderabad||INR 42,610 PA|
|Presidency School of Management and Computer Science||-|
|Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology||INR 82,000 PA|
|St. Ann's College for Women||INR 27,000 PA|
|A.V. College of Arts Science and Commerce||INR 40,000 PA|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University||INR 16,500 PA|
|Deccan College of Engineering and Technology||INR 37,500 PA|
|Aurora's Technological and Research Institute||INR 36,200 PA|
Read More: MCA Colleges in Hyderabad
Government First Grade College, KR Puram
|2.||The Oxford College of Science|
|3.||MS Ramaiah Institute of Technology (MSRIT)|
|4.||BMS Institute of Technology and Management|
|5.||BMS College of Engineering (BMSCE)|
MCA in Bangalore has the lowest fees for a three years course around INR 25,000 PA. It can reach up to 6 LPA for premium colleges.
MCA is one of the most popular postgraduate courses in India. And it is also known as Master of Computer Applications. MCA is a PG course that educates students about different computer programs, application software, computer architecture, operating systems, etc.
Candidates often prefer to study in the abroad colleges as it allows them access to better infrastructure, research facilities as well as better placement opportunities. There are various courses available in the foreign colleges that have similar learning outcomes as that of the Master of Computer Applications.
The candidates generally need to keep the following things in mind before applying to the courses the abroad at colleges
Candidates who want to study in the USA should keep the following things in mind before applying for the PG Computer course
|College Names||Average Fees|
|Stanford University||INR 45.5 LPA|
|Massachusetts Institute of Technology||INR 55.2 LPA|
|California State University Los Angeles Campus||INR 16.3 LPA|
|New York University||INR 38.5 LPA|
|The University of Texas at Dallas||INR 38.2 LPA|
Candidates who wish to study in the UK should keep the following thing in mind
|College Names||Average Fees|
|Teesside University||INR 10.9 LPA|
|University of Greenwich||INR 21.3 LPA|
|University of Oxford||INR 37.3 LPA|
|University of Sunderland||INR 19.3 LPA|
|University of East London||INR 22.2 LPA|
Candidates who wish to study in Australia should keep the following thing in mind
|College Names||Average Fees|
|University of Melbourne||INR 38 LPA|
|University of Sydney||INR 49.0 LPA|
|RMIT University||INR 21.8 LPA|
|University of Queensland||INR 25.5 LPA|
|University of Adelaide||INR 34.5 LPA|
Candidates who want to study in Canada should keep the following things in mind while applying for admission.
|College Names||Average Fees|
|University of Toronto||INR 23.5 LPA|
|University of British Columbia||INR 16.6 LPA|
|University of Alberta||INR 15.7 LPA|
|McGill University||INR 17.4 LPA|
|University of Waterloo||INR 28.2 LPA|
The MCA course fees range from INR 30,000 TO 2 LPA. Various factors come into play when deciding upon the MCA fees charged by the colleges.
Some of these factors include faculty, infrastructure, institutional facilities, lab technologies etc. The MCA fee structure in Indian colleges is comparatively reasonable to other computer science degrees. Listed below is the MCA fees structure for various colleges in India:
|Sl. No.||Name of the Institute||Total Fee Structure|
|1.||Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore||INR 2.7 LPA|
|2.||NIT, Tiruchirappalli||INR 1.9 LPA|
|3.||Chandigarh University, Chandigarh||INR 2.1 LPA|
|4.||Anna University, Chennai||INR 1.4 LPA|
|5.||SRM, Ghaziabad||INR 2.2 LPA|
|6.||Tamil Nadu College of Engineering, Coimbatore||INR 35,000 PA|
A comparison between the top 3 universities that provide MCA course ( along with their course fees, average salary, and top recruiters are mentioned below:
|Parameters||Delhi University||University of Hyderabad||Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)|
|Overview||Delhi University is considered one of the best universities in India. Situated in New Delhi, it provides degree and non-degree courses in Science, Humanities, Arts, Commerce, Journalism, Fine Arts, etc.||The University of Hyderabad is a public research university set up in 1974. The 2300 acres of the campus were set up along the lines of the six-point formula. It is recognized as an Institute of Eminence and houses more than 5000 students from 400 faculty from several disciplines.||JNU is a central university, located in New Delhi. It is a world-renowned university, offering courses in various disciplines like Science, Medical Science, Arts, Language, and much more.|
|MCA course fees (INR)||INR 5,000-8,000 PA||INR 51,955 PA||INR 1,357 PA|
|Average Salary (INR)||INR 6 - 7 LPA||INR 2.5 - 5 LPA||INR 4 - 10 LPA|
|Top Recruiters||Acolyte, Amazon, Chegg, Cvent, Deutsche Bank, Microsoft, GrapeCity, Sapient, Snapdeal, etc.||Infosys, TCS, Genpact, Wipro, Amazon, Microsoft, Deloitte, HCL technologies, etc.||NIIT, Samsung, Sapient, Naggar, Google, Infosys, Europa, IBM, Infogain, etc.|
MCA course is one of the most popular postgraduate courses offered in India. However, there are some courses, like MSc Computer Science, and MTech in Computer Science, which have similar learning outcomes as that of the Master of Computer Applications. The course comparison between the Master of Computer Applications and the other program has been discussed below.
The differences between MCA and MSc Computer Science are set based on qualification, duration, eligibility, course overview, average fees, and the average salary mentioned below.
|Parameters||MCA course||MSc Computer Science|
|Course Overview||MCA course provides in-depth and extensive knowledge about various aspects of computer applications. Students are taught everything related to software, hardware, and networking with the studies of IT, Data structures & Mathematics.||MSc Computer Science provides core competence in various aspects of Computer Science. Students are taught software engineering, mathematics, artificial intelligence, data science, and much more.|
|Qualification||MCA course stands for Master of Computer Applications||This course offers a Master of Science degree in the field of Computer Science|
|Duration||3 years||2 years|
|Eligibility||BCA or related field||BSc Computer science or related field|
|Average Fees (INR)||INR 1 - 5 LPA||INR 1 - 3 LPA|
|Average Starting Salary (INR)||INR 2.5 - 5 LPA||INR 3.5 - 6 LPA|
Read More: M.Sc CS vs MCA
Both MCA and MTech in Computer Science are very different in terms of their course structure and qualification, but the career options are more or less the same after pursuing any of these master's degree courses. The table below lists some of the major differences between them:
|Parameters||MCA course||MTech Computer Science|
|Course Overview||The MCA course provides basic theoretical and practical knowledge in all aspects of computer applications like software engineering, networking, hardware studies, and much more.||M.Tech. in Computer Science is a specialized technical degree that provides in-depth knowledge and skills required to be successful in computer science and IT field.|
|Qualification||Master of Computer Applications||Master of Technology in Computer Science|
|Eligibility||BCA or related field||BTech in Computer Science|
|Subjects||Discrete Mathematics, Digital Electronics and Microprocessor, C programming, Computer Applications, Web Technologies, Operating Systems, etc.||Design & Analysis of Algorithms, Advanced Database Systems, Soft Computing, Computer Graphics, Embedded Systems, etc.|
|Average Fees (INR)||INR 1 - 5 LPA||INR 2 - 8 LPA|
|Average Starting Salary (INR)||INR 2.5 - 5 LPA||INR 3.5 - 8 LPA|
Read More: MTech Computer Science
The MCA course in India has a 3 years duration span. The total span of the course is divided into 6 semesters to make the MCA subjects more flexible for the students.
Certain colleges may have certain electives in addition to the core subjects to bring a range of pragmatic understanding to the Master of Computer Application course. Students should download the MCA syllabus PDF beforehand to understand the MCA details more transparently.
The details of the MCA course duration are available in the college portal of the respective colleges. MCA course full form translates to Master of Computer Application. Therefore, the students must have an understanding of computer programming and application skills to help understand specialised topics upon joining the course.
Listed below are some of the MCA subjects in the course:
Read More: MCA Subjects and Syllabus
The technology sector is one of the most popular job destinations in all the working industries. The boom that the industry saw with the IT revolution is yet to see any dip in demand as the popularity of IT jobs only seems to be rising. MCA specialises students in the field of computer science and applications providing them with a professional edge before entering the industry.
MCA full form Master of Computer Application is a 3-year postgraduate course specialising in the field of computer science and applications. The syllabus of the MCA course is divided into 6 semesters to make the MCA duration in India more flexible for its students. The MCA degree is available to students in both regular and distance learning modes.
Both theoretical and practical pedagogy are adopted in the MCA syllabus to ensure the students get best oriented with key computer application skills such as software development, programming, Linux, C++, operating system and database management systems.
MCA is one of the most popular and beneficial careers for graduates because it is universally demanding. The graduates of the MCA course are one of the highest-paid in the country with companies providing lucrative job designations to potential candidates.
MCA job opportunities are available in almost every government and private sector area because of which the course is becoming popular among aspirants.
Full Stack Developer: The job profile of a Full Stack Developer includes troubleshooting, debugging, code reviewing, performance optimisation and writing efficient codes. Some of the soft skills include efficiency, time management and attention to detail in an ideal candidate for the job.
They design user interactions on websites and develop fully-fledged platforms that do not depend on other applications for better optimisation.
The technological industry is the most widespread in the world today. Information Technology is the most sought after career destination for a majority of potential employees due to this very reason.
With a Master of Computer Application course, one can master the art of computer science and application skills thus fetching them an attractive job profile.
Rewarding Salary: The annual payscale of MCA careers is one of the highest in the country. Candidates need to acquire a certain set of soft and hard skills even before joining the course to come out as the best potential graduate before entering the industry.
The growth of career in MCA course jobs is also very positive with various departments providing opportunities for candidates to grow and earn a higher salary as they gain greater experience.
Read More: MCA Jobs and Salary
Students should be well versed in the various aspects of the MCA entrance exam. They should do a timely preparation well beforehand by reading the details in the MCA course syllabus and references. Aspirants should visit the websites of the best MCA colleges in India to understand what entails the MCA qualification criteria.
This enables the MCA aspirants to prepare adequately for the entrance without facing many problems. Listed below are some of the preparation tips for the MCA entrance exam:
Prepare a study plan: A well-laid plan for studying routines is a necessity given the amount of practice the course demands. Although it is pragmatic and one of the more interesting courses, nonetheless it is very tedious and, without a proper timetable would be difficult to cope with even after selection.
Mock Practice: students should download the question paper from the previous years to better grasp the question, ‘What is MCA?’ Regular practice of earlier year’s question paper also helps in debunking the exam pattern.
Develop key skills: The syllabus of MCA is one computer application and its implementation. Individuals lacking key skills of interpersonal communication, leadership, attention to detail etc are bound to face a steep task during the MCA course duration.
The scope for higher education after MCA increases the credibility of the individual when joining the job industry. Lucrative careers are one of the main reasons why many join the MCA course but if they feel the need to go for a higher career, they can opt for the same.
A higher educational experience also ensures a higher pay scale when entering the industry. Some of the higher educational options after the MCA course duration are listed below:
The average MCA salary offered in India according to Payscale is INR 7.9 LPA. The scope of salary is even higher as the individual applies for higher educational options after MCA. Scope for growth and development is immense in the IT industry thereby ensuring individuals with certain key skills would often see a hike in their pay range.
Some of the key skills that enable one to stand out from the rest include technical skills, interpersonal skills, accountability, leadership, attention to detail etc.
Read More: MCA Salary
While conducting research into the MCA degree, one should in a detailed manner into the various career options the course offers. Options may vary depending upon the priorities of individuals. Those who do not want to join the industry immediately after MCA graduation can opt for higher studies in the form of an M.Phil, PhD, ME or an M.Sc course.
The MCA course jobs after graduation themselves are some of the most lucrative designations with impressive salaries. Listed below are some of the job roles that an MCA degree graduate can join as a fresher:
The 3 year MCA course duration demands a lot of tedious effort to understand the theoretical tenets of the course. Along with the theoretical aspects, the practical approach is also necessary for an MCA aspirant to be a well-wrought graduate.
Possession of a certain set of soft and hard skills ensures the candidate is best prepared for all the professional challenges in the working industry. Some of the skills that make one a reliable MCA professional are listed below:
Can we do MCA after BSc?
Yes, it is good to do MCA after B.Sc because the B.Sc degree adds to the value of an aspirant and makes him or her more employable. After completing MCA, one can get a job as a software engineer or software tester
Can a BCom graduate do MCA?
Yes, you are eligible to join MCA after completing your B.Com with computer applications. The eligibility criteria call for any graduate with an undergraduate course from a UGC approved college or unive
Can I do MTech after MCA?
Yes, it is a good idea. MCA and BCA together are equivalent to B.Tech. It improves the knowledge set of the aspirant and can help the aspirant pursue higher studies or help him or her to improve employability opportunities.