A Master of Laws is a postgraduate academic degree, pursued by those students who hold an undergraduate law degree, a professional law degree, or an undergraduate degree in a related subject. In some jurisdictions, the Master of Law [LLM] is the basic professional degree for admission into legal practice.

Graduation requirements for an LLM program vary depending on the respective university guidelines. Many LLM programs combine both coursework and research. Also, part-time Master of Laws [LLM] program is available for professionals who wish to complete their LLM while working as a full-time professional.

LLM Course Fees in India:

Students who want to pursue their Master of Laws course should be aware of the fee structure of this course in India. The course fee will vary from one college to another. The average course fee for LLM course in India is approximately INR 2,00,000 per annum.

LLM Course Salary in India:

Acquiring a Master of Laws degree can lead to growth in one's life in terms of finance, knowledge and skill. After post-graduation in LLM course, one can expect a salary of approximately INR 5,56,000 per annum.

LLM Course Details

Degree Masters
Full Form Master of Laws / Legum Magister
Duration Course Duration of Master of Laws [LLM] is 2 Years.
Age No age limit
Minimum Percentage 55% in LLB
Subjects Required Bachelor's Degree
Average Fees Incurred The average Master of laws course fee is INR 2 L per annum
Similar Options of Study LLB, BA LLB, B.Com LLB, BBA LLB, B.Sc LLB
Average Salary Offered Average B.Tech Salary in India is INR 5.56 L per annum
Employment Roles Advocate, Corporate Legal Manager, Corporate Lawyer, Legal Manager, Legal Assistant, Immigration Consultant, Human Rights Lawyer, RTI Activist, HR Manager etc.
Placement Opportunities ICICI Bank, LexisNexis, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Kla-Tencor Corporation, Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. etc. Private practice has a wide range of opportunities.

LLM Course:

Master of Legislative Law is a postgraduate law course. The law is a body of rules which is established and regulated by an authority. The LLM course duration is 2 years and the degree is divided into 4 semesters.

The maximum LLM course duration to complete the course may vary with the LLM syllabus offered by the college, as per Banaras Hindu University the course should be completed in maximum four years duration.  

The course structure is based upon various specialisations. LLM correspondence course or LLM course through distance education is also offered by various Institutes, for example, Dr Ambedkar Law College. Law degrees in India are granted in terms of the Advocates Act, 1961.

LLM Quick links:

What is LLM?

What is Master of Laws [L.L.M]?

LLM full form is 'Latin Legum Magister'. "LL" is short for "laws." Legum is the possessive plural form of the Latin word lex, which means "specific laws", as opposed to the more general concept embodied in the word jus, from which the word Juris and the modern English word "Justice" are derived.

Master of Laws is a postgraduate academic degree, pursued by those students who hold an undergraduate law degree, a professional law degree, or an undergraduate degree in a related subject. In some jurisdictions, the Master of Law [LLM] is the basic professional degree for admission into legal practice. Law students and professionals pursue an LLM course to gain expertise in a specialised field of law.

Master of Laws is one of the imperial and profound profession since Independence in terms of its career opportunities and in terms of political dominance. Candidates with an LLM degree indicates that he has acquired advanced, specialised legal training, and is qualified to work in a multinational legal environment.

Why choose LLM?

Why choose Master of Laws [L.L.M]?

Master of laws enables a candidate to gain specialised knowledge through research in a particular area of Law. An LLM degree enhances one's repute as the course signifies advanced, specialised legal training and it also signifies that a person is qualified to work in a multinational legal environment. Lawyers can find employment opportunities in both public and private sector organisations. Most Lawyers wants to be an advocate and practice law as their profession.

Master of laws enables one to:

  • Grow his network
  • Pimp his CV
  • Prepare for an international career
  • Aim for big bucks by diversifying
  • Embrace inner academics

LLM Entrance Exams:

To get the admission in Master of Laws program a student has to clear his bachelor's with an aggregate of 55% and should have attended any of the entrance exams of this program.

Below is the list of few important entrance exams which a candidate has to appear (any 1) before getting admission:

LLM Course Preparation Tips:

Here are a few familiar preparation tips candidates should follow to clear the entrance exams of Master of Laws:

  • Start early: Starting early helps the students in covering all the important topics and gives them time to revise the syllabus once again.
  • Knowledge of the exam paper pattern: The paramount step in preparing well for the entrance exam is a deep-rooted understanding and comprehension of the paper pattern and the syllabus.

  • Effective time management: Focus points should be kept in mind, with particular emphasis on weaker subjects and the daily practice of numerical problems. A timetable should be drawn, and the candidate should follow the timetable with dedication and diligence. 

  • Enrolling in coaching institutes: A coaching class or a tutor especially for clearing the entrance exam is a bonus as the teacher will help a candidate to focus on weaker zones and will aid in practice and comprehension of topics.

  • Practice makes perfect: Candidates should practice and revise before the exam so that it reduces the unnecessary pressure one day before the examination.

  • Attend mock test: Attending the mock test will give you the strength to write the exam properly. As it will help you in judging yourself, it will help you to focus on your weaker area in studies.

LLM Subjects:

The following list of subjects is followed and pursued in most colleges in India throughout their curriculum. While a few colleges adopt minor variations, the core of the syllabus remains the same throughout most colleges.

LLM Subjects - Semester I 
Sl. No. Subjects
1 Constitutional Law- I
2 Legal Theory - I
3 Research Methodology

 

LLM Subjects - Semester II 
Sl. No. Subjects
1 Constitutional Law- II
2 Legal Theory - II
3 Law and Social Change

 

LLM Subjects - Semester III
Sl. No. Subjects
1 Law Relating to Industrial Relations
2 Law Relating to Labour Welfare

 

LLM Subjects - Semester IV
Sl. No. Subjects
1 Law Relating to Industrial Injuries and Social Securities
2 Law Relating to Service Regulation

LLM Course Fees:

Students who want to pursue their Master of Laws course should be aware of the fee structure of this course in India. The course fee will vary from one college to another. The average course fee for LLM course in India is approximately INR 2,00,000 per annum.

LLM Course Syllabus:

LLM program syllabus is tabulated below:

LLM Syllabus - Semester I
Sl.No Legal Theory - I
1
Nature of Jurisprudence
2 Meaning of Law
3
Natural Law Theories
4
Classical Positivism
5
Pure Theory of Law
6
Analytical School of Law
7
Sociological School of Law
8
American Realism
9
Scandinavian Realism
10
Historical and Anthropological Jurisprudence
11
Feminist Jurisprudence
12
Postmodernist Jurisprudence

 

LLM Syllabus - Semester I
Sl.No Constitutional Law - I
1 Preamble
2
Fundamental Rights
3
Definition of State
4
Enforceability of Fundamental Rights
5
Test for infringement of Fundamental Rights
6 Right to Equality
7
Right to Freedom
8
Freedom of the Person
9
Right against exploitation
10
Freedom of Religion
11 Right to Property
12
Right to Constitutional Remedies
13
Restriction, Abrogation and Suspension of Fundamental Rights
14
Directive Principles of State Policy

 

LLM Syllabus - Semester I
Sl.No Research Methodology
1
Concept of Reflective thinking
2
Research problem
3 Hypothesis
4
Basic methods of research
5
The technique of Research Observation
6 Analysis of data
7 Report writing
8 Internet material

 

LLM Syllabus - Semester II
Sl.No Legal Theory - II
1
Introduction to Precedents
2 Approach to the Interpretation of the statute
 
Hierarchy of Courts
4
Ratio Decidendi and Obiter dicta
5
Precedent and problems
6
Introductory to the constitutional background
7
Forms of Legislation
8
Parliamentary practice

 

LLM Syllabus - Semester II
Sl.No Constitutional Law - II
1
Principles of Parliamentary and Presidential forms of Govt
2
Nature of the Executive power
3
Composition of Houses of the legislature
4
Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and High Courts
5
Doctrine of Pleasure
6
The concept of Federalism
7
Legislative relations under the Indian Constitution
8
Administrative Relations between Union and States
9
Restrictions on the power of State Legislatures on fiscal powers

 

LLM Syllabus - Semester II
Sl.No Law and Social Change
1
Conceptions of Society
2
Social Integration
3
Theories of Social Change
4
Conceptions of Law and Legal System
5
The notion of legal impact and effectiveness
6
Symbolic and instrumental uses of the law
7
Problems in the study of impact and effectiveness

 

LLM Syllabus - Semester III
Sl.No Law Relating to Industrial Relations
1 History of Trade Union
2 Collective Bargaining
3 Freedom of Association
4 Industrial Disputes Act
5 Industrial Dispute Resolutions

 

LLM Syllabus - Semester III
Sl.No Law Relating to Labour Welfare
1 Constitution and Labour Welfare
2 Minimum Wage
3 ILO
4 Labour and Human Rights Equality
5 Unorganized Sector

 

LLM Syllabus - Semester IV
Sl.No Law Relating to Industrial Injuries and Social Securities
1 Workmen’s Compensation
2 Fatal Accidents Act
3 Industrial safety Factories Act
4 Occupational Health and Industrial Injuries
5 Social Security

 

LLM Syllabus - Semester IV
Sl.No Law Relating to Service Regulation
1 Service Law
2 Conditions of Service Terms
3 Contractual Employment
4 Misconduct and discipline of the employees
5 Judicial Review

LLM Course Eligibility:

 Eligibility criteria for Master of Law [L.L.M]:

The LLM course can be pursued only by those, who have successfully completed their under graduation in law i.e. LLB/B.L Degree/5 Year LLB, degree course under 10+2+5 pattern or an equivalent degree from a recognized university with not less than 55% marks in the aggregate (50% in case of reserved categories, i.e., S.C./S.T./persons with disability) as per the LLM eligibility criteria.

Percentage and other criteria are mostly the same but may vary as per an institution’s policy. There is no restriction on the age for admission to most of the Master of laws courses offered through the mode of distance learning.

In fact, a candidate with a graduate degree from any recognized university is eligible to earn an LLM course through distance learning. Certain seats are allotted to NRIs and they are not required to give any entrance exams such as CLAT. Their admission will be based on the merit-based or academic record of LLB or equivalent course.

LLM Course Admission:

Admission Procedure for Master of Law [L.L.M]:

The admission procedure and mode of selection of various law schools might differ but the screening is based on merit-based of the candidate. Generally, universities offering LLM course conduct an entrance test for admission purpose to this program. The application forms for this course are available in the month of May every year.

The aspirant can download the application form after visiting the website of the college. Every university will have its individual date of release of the application form in their authorized website. The aspirants should fill up the application form before the deadline and submit to the authorized person/administration.  

LLM Job Opportunities:

Having an LLM degree can give a person many job opportunities all over the world. In many areas, the need for legal skills in non-lawyer jobs is arising. In these cases, the advanced knowledge and skill from a non-JD graduate degree (such as an MSL) benefit both the career professional and the company.

LLM Course Salary:

Acquiring a Master of Laws degree can lead to growth in one's life in terms of finance, knowledge and skill. After post-graduation in Master of Laws course, one can expect a salary of approximately INR 5,56,000 per annum.

List of Master of Laws Colleges:

Getting admission in the best university is the dream of every aspirant. Below is listed the top university for LLM course:

SI.No. Name of the College
1 University of Mumbai, Mumbai
2 The University of Delhi - DU, Delhi
3 National Law School of India University, Bangalore
4 Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi
5 Uttaranchal University, Dehradun
6 Faculty of Law
7 Indian Law Institute
8 Amity Law School
9 National Law University

Distance LLM:

Master of Laws distance learning is offered to those candidates who do not find time to go for full-time classes, these students can go for IGNOU. IGNOU is an open university which is built to provide learnings to individuals through various means other than going through full academic session. Other than IGNOU there is a large number of colleges in India offer distance learning or correspondence courses in Master of Laws. Some of the names of colleges are listed below:

  • Annamalai University
  • National Law School of India University
  • Madurai Kamaraj University
  • Guru Nanak Dev University
  • Acharya Nagarjuna University 
  • Ambedkar Open University

Difference between LLM and LLB:

Sl.No LLM LLB
1 Minimum course duration is just 1 year
Minimum course duration is 3 years
2 It is an additional qualification where one becomes an expert in the field of law
It is a minimum qualification to practise law
3 Many international scholarships are available
Scholarship availability is less compared to LLM
4 It is pursued after LLB
It is an undergraduate course

LLM FAQs:

  1.  Can I study Master of Laws course part-time?
    - Yes, there is an option of part-time study for those who can't go for regular classes.
  2.  Is there any application fee?
    - Yes there is an application fee
  3.  Can LLM be completed in one year?
    - Usually, LLM is of one year but few colleges postpone it to two or more years.

Related Courses:

Entrance Exams For Master of Laws [LLM]

See Various Master of Laws [LLM] Colleges in India

Fee Structure of Master of Laws [LLM] in India

0-2
2-5
>10
(In Lakhs)

Fee Structure by State for Master of Laws [LLM]

All Over India

Interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 17,100 (Minimum Fee) (Maximum Fee) ₹ 1.95 Lakh
 
₹ 1.06 Lakh (Average Fee)
Private Colleges
₹ 12,000 (Minimum Fee) (Maximum Fee) ₹ 14 Lakh
 
₹ 80,000 (Average Fee)

Andhra Pradesh

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 12,000 ₹ 23,590
 
₹ 15,810
Private Colleges
₹ 12,000 ₹ 60,000
 
₹ 16,500

Assam

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 20,820 ₹ 2.91 Lakh
 
₹ 94,500

Chhattisgarh

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 15,000 ₹ 1.51 Lakh
 
₹ 30,000
Private Colleges
₹ 14,200 ₹ 50,000
 
₹ 42,000

Gujarat

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 4,380 ₹ 16,000
 
₹ 11,800
Private Colleges
₹ 62,000 ₹ 80,000
 
₹ 80,000

Haryana

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 10,024 ₹ 22,560
 
₹ 14,000
Private Colleges
₹ 39,560 ₹ 4 Lakh
 
₹ 1.75 Lakh

Himachal Pradesh

interested cta gif
Private Colleges
₹ 91,000 ₹ 1.40 Lakh
 
₹ 1.28 Lakh

Karnataka

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 9,460 ₹ 1.40 Lakh
 
₹ 15,575
Private Colleges
₹ 16,000 ₹ 1.75 Lakh
 
₹ 1.13 Lakh

Kerala

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 11,990 ₹ 1.61 Lakh
 
₹ 29,200

Madhya Pradesh

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 13,900 ₹ 75,860
 
₹ 36,000
Private Colleges
₹ 50,000 ₹ 1 Lakh
 
₹ 60,000

Maharashtra

interested cta gif
Private Colleges
₹ 13,721 ₹ 14 Lakh
 
₹ 80,000

Orissa

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 9,244 ₹ 46,800
 
₹ 24,690

Punjab

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 39,560 ₹ 95,000
 
₹ 50,240
Private Colleges
₹ 21,334 ₹ 2.06 Lakh
 
₹ 1.25 Lakh

Rajasthan

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 6,570 ₹ 1.70 Lakh
 
₹ 75,000
Private Colleges
₹ 13,200 ₹ 96,000
 
₹ 72,000

Tamil Nadu

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 4,746 ₹ 70,200
 
₹ 70,200

Uttar Pradesh

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 2,000 ₹ 80,000
 
₹ 13,300
Private Colleges
₹ 15,000 ₹ 3 Lakh
 
₹ 1.10 Lakh

Uttarakhand

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 32,650 ₹ 1.34 Lakh
 
₹ 53,996
Private Colleges
₹ 32,800 ₹ 1.80 Lakh
 
₹ 98,500

West Bengal

interested cta gif
Public Colleges
₹ 1,670 ₹ 1.75 Lakh
 
₹ 90,000

Master of Laws [LLM] Reviews

Maria
Master of Laws [L.L.M.], batch of 2021
Eligibility Criteria and Admission Process

50% in BBA.LLB from Bishop Cotton Women's Christian law college affiliated to Karnataka State Law University.

Message   See Full Review
GAUS
Master of Laws [L.L.M.], batch of 2014
Eligibility Criteria and Admission Process
7/10

Course LLM Time duration 2 year (full time). Eligibility:- Law graduate from any recognized university

Admission Every year in July.

they will conduct all India test PGAT for admission. The student has to give the test for admission.

Message   See Full Review
Farha
Master of Laws [L.L.M.], batch of 2017
Eligibility Criteria and Admission Process
6/10

The candidate must clear the CLAT/AMU BA LLB exam and must have passed the 12th from a recognized institute. I ranked 69 in CLAT.

Message   See Full Review
1