NEET Syllabus 2021: Biology, Physics and Chemistry Syllabus PDF Download

Exam Date

Aug 1, 2021

Result Date

Sep 1, 2021

Apr 30, 2021 | Medical


The NEET exam is to be held on Aug 1, 2021, and having proper knowledge of the syllabus is of utmost importance. The NEET UG syllabus 2021 stretches over three subjects, i.e., Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Botany & Zoology). The questions will be based on the syllabus of grade 10, 11 and 12. Hence, it is best to use their textbooks from these classes to prepare the NEET syllabus 2021. A detailed explanation of NEET 2021 is given below.

NEET syllabus for the 2021 exam includes subjects from Class 10, 11, and 12. Knowledge about the topics covered in NEET syllabus 2021 is essential for an aspirant preparing for the upcoming exam to crack it. The NEET 2021 syllabus will consist of the following sections: Physics, Chemistry, Zoology & Botany. Some of the important facts related to the NEET UG syllabus 2021 are.

  • NTA has prescribed the NEET 2021 syllabus. The curriculum is prepared by the Council Board of School Education (COBSE), Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), National Council of Education Research and Training (NCERT). They collaborate and design the NEET 2021 syllabus.
  • Apart from CBSE's curriculum, the NEET syllabus 2021 will be finalized after reviewing the syllabus from several different state boards.

NEET Syllabus 2021 Highlights

Below are the highlights of the NEET 2021 Syllabus, which will give a clear idea about the marking scheme, subjects, the number of questions asked, and other relevant details.

NEET 2021 Syllabus highlights
Elements Details
Subjects The NEET Syllabus for 2021 shall comprise topics from Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Zoology+Botany)
Sections NEET 2021 exam pattern will have four sections viz. Physics, Chemistry, Zoology & Botany.
Difficulty level The questions in NEET 2021 will be based on Class XI and Class XII (Physics, Chemistry & Biology).
No. of questions The question paper will have 45 objective type questions from every section, viz. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. The total number of questions would hence be 180.
Marks The NEET 2021 question paper would be of 720 marks.
Marking scheme Every right answer will fetch the candidate 4 marks, while 1 mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.

NEET 2021 Syllabus Physics

The aspirants must know that NTA NEET 2021 syllabus for each subject is vast. The question paper for NEET 2021 shall contain questions from Physics from the curriculum of class 11 and 12. Given below is the unit-wise Physics syllabus for NEET 2021 from classes 11.

NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus from Class 11 Curriculum

The units covered under the NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus from class 11 are given below:

  • Physical world and measurement
  • Gravitation
  • Laws of Motion
  • Work, Energy, and Power
  • Thermodynamics
  • Kinematics
  • Properties of the Bulk Matter
  • The motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
  • Oscillations and Waves
  • The behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

NEET 2021 Physics Syllabus from Class 12 Curriculum

The topics covered from class 12th curriculum for the NEET 2021 syllabus are listed below:

  • Current Electricity
  • Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  • Electrostatics
  • Electronic Devices
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  • Atoms and Nuclei
  • Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  • Optics

NEET Syllabus 2021 Chapter-wise Weightage

The chapter-wise weightage for NEET 2021 Physics syllabus is tabulated below:

NEET Syllabus 2021: Chapter-wise weightage for Physics
Class 11th Syllabus Weightage Class 12th Syllabus Weightage
Physical-world and measurement 2% Electro statistics 8%
Kinematics 3% Current Electricity 8%
Gravitation 3% Optics 9%
Laws of Motion 3% Magnetic effects of Current and Magnetism 5%
Work, Energy, and Power 4% Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents 9%
The motion of systems of particles and rigid body 4% Electromagnetic waves 5%
Properties of Bulk Matter 3% Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation 6%
Thermodynamics 9% Atoms and Nuclei 3%
The behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic theory 3% Electronic Devices 9%
Oscillations and wave 4% -- --

NEET 2021 Chemistry Syllabus

Given below is the Chemistry Syllabus for NEET 2021. The NEET UG syllabus 2021 for Chemistry contains topics from the syllabus of class 11 and 12.

NEET 2021 Chemistry Syllabus from Class 11

The topics covered in the NEET Chemistry syllabus 2021 from class 11 are listed below:

  • Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • Structure of Atom
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
  • Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
  • States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
  • Equilibrium
  • Redox Reactions
  • Hydrogen
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Thermodynamics
  • S-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
  • Some p-Block Elements
  • Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques
  • Environmental Chemistry

NEET 2021 Chemistry Syllabus from Class 12 Curriculum

The NEET 2021 Chemistry Syllabus from class 12 curriculum is listed below:

  • Chemistry in everyday life
  • Solid State
  • Solutions
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Surface Chemistry
  • General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • P- Block Elements
  • D and F Block Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • Biomolecules and Polymers

NEET 2021 Chemistry Syllabus Chapter-wise Weightage

The weightage of each unit in the NEET 2021 syllabus for Chemistry is given below for candidate's reference:

Topics Weightage
NEET Chapter wise Weightage for Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry (XI) 22%
Organic Chemistry (XII) 20%
Physical Chemistry (XII) 20%
Physical Chemistry (XI) 16%
Inorganic Chemistry (XII) 13%
Organic Chemistry (XI) 9%

NEET 2021 Syllabus Biology

Given below is the NEET Syllabus 2021 for Biology. The candidates must note that the NEET 2021 Biology Syllabus contains topics from class 11 and 12.

NEET Biology Syllabus 2021 from Class 11 Curriculum

The topics covered in the NEET Biology syllabus 2021 from class 11 are listed below:

  • Diversity in Living World
  • Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants
  • Cell Structure and Function
  • Plant Physiology
  • Human physiology

NEET Biology Syllabus 2021 from Class 12 Curriculum

The topics covered in the NEET Biology syllabus 2021 from class 12 are listed below:

  • Reproduction
  • Genetics and Evolution
  • Biology and Human Welfare
  • Biotechnology and Its Applications
  • Ecology and environment

The approximate weightage given to each chapter under Biology in NEET syllabus 2021 is mentioned below:

Class 11th Biology Syllabus Weightage Class 12th Biology Syllabus Weightage
Diversity of Living Organisms 14% Reproduction 9%
Structural Organisation in Plants & Animals 5% Genetics and Evolution 18%
Cell: Structure and Function 9% Biology and Human Welfare 9%
Human Physiology 19% Biotechnology and its Applications 5%
Plant Physiology 6% Ecology and Environment 6%

NTA NEET Syllabus 2021 PDF

The PDF files containing detailed NTA NEET syllabus 2021 for Physics, Chemistry and Biology of Class 11 and Class 12 are given below:

NEET Physics Syllabus 2021
NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2021
NEET Biology Syllabus 2021

Each exam has a vast syllabus, and it is not possible to touch every topic. In the tables below, we have compiled an analysis based on past year trends that will help candidates prepare better for the exams.

Detailed Analysis of NEET 2021 Physics

Out of the several topics in the NEET Physics syllabus, the most trending ones have been tabulated to understand and better prepare for the exam.

From analyzing the trends, it is visible that the Mechanics had much weightage in the NEET Exam as compared to the others.

Detailed Physics Syllabus for NEET 2021.

Detailed Analysis of NEET 2021 Chemistry

Chemistry has a vast syllabus, including Physical, Inorganic and Organic chemistry. Out of these several topics in the NEET Chemistry syllabus, the most trending ones have been tabulated to understand and better prepare for the exam.

Topics 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Mechanics 40% 31% 36% 29% 40%
Magnetism 16% 9% 13% 15% 9%
Electricity 13% 13% 9% 9% 11%
Modern Physics 11% 18% 16% 16% 16%
Heat and Thermodynamics 9% 11% 11% 13% 13%
Optics 9% 11% 11% 11% 9%
Waves 2% 7% 4% 7% 2%
Topics 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Physical Chemistry (XI) 24% 24% 22% 15% 31%
Inorganic Chemistry (XI) 18% 16% 4% 11% 7%
Physical Chemistry (XII) 18% 11% 16% 16% 18%
Organic Chemistry (XII) 16% 20% 20% 27% 18%
Inorganic Chemistry (XII) 13% 16% 22% 22% 11%
Organic Chemistry (XI) 11% 13% 16% 9% 15%
From analyzing the trends, it is visible that the Physical Chemistry from class XI has had domination compared to the others.

Detailed Chemistry Syllabus for NEET 2021.

Detailed Analysis of NEET 2021 Biology – Botany

Being a medical entrance exam, a lot of hard work is put in the Botany section of the NEET Exam. The previous year trends are tabulated below.

Topics 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Ecology 19% 17% 17% 15% 21%
Genetics 17% 15% 23% 10% 10%
Plant Physiology 17% 11% 11% 11% 13%
Structure & Func. of Cell 15% 17% 8% 18% 19%
Biology in Human Welfare 8% 2% 6% 2% 4%
Diversity of Life 8% 17% 13% 17% 13%
Reproduction & Sexual Reproduction 8% 10% 9% 11% 11%
Structural Organization of Plants 8% 11% 13% 0% 0%

Detailed Analysis of NEET 2021 Biology – Zoology

Being a medical entrance exam, the Zoology section of the NEET Exam is essential. The previous year trends are tabulated below.

Topics 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Human Physiology 33% 38% 41% 29% 38%
Animal Husbandry & Biotechnology 17% 14% 18% 13% 8%
Human Reproduction & Reproductive Health 14% 16% 14% 16% 11%
Biomolecules 10% 3% 5% 8% 5%
Evolution: Theories & Evidences 9% 8% 3% 10% 8%
Human Health & Disease 7% 8% 5% 11% 16%
Animal Kingdom 5% 8% 11% 8% 11%
Structural Organisation in Animals 5% 5% 5% 5% 3%

Topics deleted from Class 12 Syllabus

Keeping in mind the loss of studies due to the outbreak of COVID-19, CBSE decided to reduce several important topics from the syllabus of classes 11 and 12. This move aims to lift the burden of covering a massive syllabus in such a situation off students' shoulders. The topics deleted from the syllabus of Biology are tabulated below:

Topics reduced from the Biology Syllabus
Human Physiology Ecosystems
Plant Physiology Environmental Issues
Evolution Reflex Action, Sensory Perception, Sense Organs
Transportation in Plants, Digestion, and Absorption Elementary Structure and Function of Eye and Ear
Locomotion and Movement

The topics reduced from the Syllabus of Chemistry are tabulated below:

Topics omitted from the Chemistry Syllabus of Class 11 and 12
Arrhenius Equation Basic Metallurgical Processes; Corrosion and Prevention
Activation Energy Carbon and its Compounds
Basic Atomic Structure Nomenclature of Carbon and its Compounds
Chemical Substances- Metals and Non-Metals Difference between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons

The topics omitted from the Physics Syllabus of grade 11 and 12 are discussed below:

Physics topics deleted from the syllabus of class 11 and 12
Doppler Effect Effects of Current
Inertia and Momentum Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
Newton's Laws of Motion Electric Generator
Kepler's Law of Planetary Motion Domestic Electric Circuits
Direct Current, Alternating Current: Frequency of AC and Advantage of AC over DC

It has not been confirmed whether questions from any of these topics will be asked in the NEET exam 2021 or not. Any information on the same will be updated in this section.

How to study for NEET 2021

Every year, thousands of students appear for the NEET exam. NEET is a very tough exam to crack. It calls for a very rigorous preparation. Simply familiarizing oneself with the NTA NEET syllabus 2021 is not enough. Here are some tips that the aspirants must follow to make the most of their time and cover the NTA NEET 2021 syllabus with the most efficiency.

Knowing the NEET 2021 Exam Pattern

Simply knowing the NEET 2021 syllabus is not enough. The candidates must know how many questions they have to solve and how much time they have in hand to answer all the questions in the paper. Here i's the NEET 2021 exam pattern in brief, for your reference:

NEET 2021 Exam Pattern
Particulars Details
Total number of Questions 180
Marking scheme for NEET 2021 Correct Answer: +4 Marks | Incorrect Answer: -1 Marks
Maximum Marks 720
Question Type Objective type with 4 options

NEET 2021 Preparation Books

The candidates must refer to books which offer quality content in terms of factual accuracy and diction, to cover their NEET syllabus 2021. Some of the NEET preparation books GMU highly recommends for exam preparation are:

  • NCERT textbooks for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology for class 11 and 12.
  • Biology for NEET - Pearson
  • NEET/JEE Chemistry - Target Publishing
  • Organic Chemistry for NEET - M.S. Chouhan
  • Objective Physics for NEET - Pearson
  • Inorganic Chemistry for NEET Preparation - VK Jaiswal

NEET 2021 Sample Papers/Mock Tests

The aspirants who wish to appear for NEET start preparing from class 11. It shall take about 10-11 months of rigorous preparation to cover the NEET 2021 syllabus. Once through, the candidates must test their knowledge by solving as many NEET sample papers or mock tests as they can get their hands on. Apart from helping them analyze how much of the NEET syllabus 2021 they have covered, it would also enable them to understand the exam pattern and make the most use of the allotted exam time.

NEET 2021 Syllabus: Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are Frog, Earthworm, and Cockroach included in the NEET 2021 syllabus?

Ans: Earthworms and Frogs aren't a part of the NEET syllabus prescribed by the NTA. However, some questions may be based on the digestive, reproductive, circulatory, respiratory, and nervous systems of a cockroach. The candidates must keep in mind that the question paper of 2017 had 2 questions based on Frogs.

2. Is Communication System a part of the NTA NEET Syllabus 2021?

Ans: The communication system has not been included in the NEET syllabus for several years. Even in 2021, the chances of its inclusion in the NEET syllabus are less.

3. What is the difference between the NEET syllabus and the AIIMS syllabus?

Ans: The syllabus for AIIMS is slightly different from NEET. It includes various topics which are no longer a part of the NEET syllabus, such as the frog and the earthworm. The AIIMS exam also has a section to test a candidate's aptitude in General Knowledge, English, and Reasoning.


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