PhD is doctoral program with the duration of 3 to 5 years that deals with a variety of research methods and specialisation and some of these specialisations include English, Microbiology, Psychology and more. Graduates of this course have a wide variety of job opportunities in the world of research. Ph.D graduates primarily work as consultants, researchers, professors, and R&D industry experts.

Ph.D Course Details

Degree Doctorate
Full Form Doctor of Philosphy
Duration Course Duration of Doctor of Philosophy [Ph.D] is 3 Years.
Age No age limit
Minimum Percentage 60% in Post Graduation
Average Fees Incurred NR 72,000 - 4 LPA
Average Salary Offered INR 3.4 LPA [Source: Glassdoor]
Employment Roles Professor, Principal Scientist, Research Associate etc.

About PhD 

PhD full form is Doctor of Philosophy. According to Wikipedia, "A Doctor of Philosophy is the most common degree at the highest academic level awarded following a course of study. PhD is awarded for programs across the whole breadth of academic fields. Because it is an earned research degree, those studying for a PhD must produce original research that expands the boundaries of knowledge, normally in the form of a thesis or dissertation, and defend their work against experts in the field. Completing a PhD is often a requirement for employment as a university professor, researcher, or scientist in many fields".

Table of Contents:

Eligibility Criteria for PhD 

The admission procedure for PhD courses requires a master's degree from a recognized University. Students should have secured a minimum of 45-50% in their exams post, which they are required to qualify for any one of the national/state level entrance exams to get admitted for PhD. Students should prepare their research proposal as they will have to send it to the college of their choice for the application process. The PhD eligibility criteria depend on the college, and the course students are interested in applying for.

How To Get Admission for PhD?

The admission process for a PhD is not complicated, but it is tedious as there are many steps in the admission process. If students qualify the eligibility criteria for the course, they will be able to get admission for a PhD. Along with getting good grades at the master's level, students are expected to appear for an entrance exam.

Admission Process

There is no minimum or maximum age requirement for admission. 

How to Apply? 

Students can apply online or offline. Due to the COVID pandemic, the admission process for PhD in most universities has become online. Students need to visit the official website and look for the course they are interested in. Then they should fill out the PhD admission form by giving out their name, phone number, email address, course they are interested in, etc. The students must visit the respective college for offline registration and fill out the application form by attaching the required documents.

Selection Process

Once the application is accepted, there can be a final round of group discussions or personal interviews done by universities based on the college. They ask the aspirants to explain their research proposal and defend its relevance before confirmation of admission.

Read More: PhD Admission

PhD Courses

PhD is a postdoctoral degree that lasts between 3 - 6 years, depending on the specialization and college students decide to pursue and if the education is full-time or part-time. Doing them has also opened up multiple avenues and job profiles. In India, the PhD courses provide excellent exposure to multiple opportunities and qualify them to work in their respective research areas either in India or abroad.

Listed below are some of the top specializations of a PhD course:

Other popular PhD specialisations are listed below:

      PhD Courses List
PhD in Computer Science and Engineering PhD in Biotechnology
PhD in Finance PhD in English Literature
PhD in Maths PhD in Hindi
PhD in Sociology PhD in History
PhD in Commerce PhD in Management Studies
PhD in Chemistry PhD in Microbiology
PhD in Media Studies PhD in Pharmacy

Top 5 specialization

Top PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) Programmes in Different Streams

PhD programmes are available at a variety of universities in various subjects and topics of interest to the candidates. Here is a list of the various PhD streams available:

PhD Courses in Science 

Below is the list of PhD courses in Science:

  • PhD in Mathematics
  • PhD in Chemistry
  • PhD in Physics
  • PhD in Biotechnology
  • PhD in Zoology
  • PhD in Clinical Research
  • PhD in Bioinformatics
  • PhD in Applied Sciences
  • PhD in Clinical Research
  • PhD in Mathematical and Computational Sciences
  • PhD in Bioscience
  • PhD in Basic and Applied Science
  • PhD in Environmental Science and Technology
  • PhD in Botany
  • PhD in Applied Chemistry and Polymer Technology

PhD Courses in Humanities and Social Science

The PhD courses in Humanities and Social Sciences are as follows:

PhD Courses in Engineering

Below is the list of PhD Courses in Engineering:

  • PhD in Engineering
  • PhD in Production Engineering 
  • PhD in Information Technology
  • PhD in Chemical Engineering 
  • PhD in Quantitative Techniques
  • PhD in Ceramic Engineering
  • PhD in Computer Science Engineering
  • PhD in Civil Engineering
  • PhD in Mechanical Engineering
  • PhD in Genetic Engineering
  • PhD in Aeronautical and Automobile Engineering
  • PhD in Marine Biotechnology

PhD Courses in Commerce

Below is a list of PhD courses in the Commerce stream:

  • PhD in Commerce
  • PhD in Finance
  • PhD in Accountancy
  • PhD in Statistics
  • PhD in Commerce Management
  • PhD in Business Economics
  • PhD in Commerce and Management
  • PhD in Accounting and Financial Management

PhD Courses in Business Management

Below is a list of PhD courses in the Business Management:

  • PhD in HR Management
  • PhD in Logistics and Supply Chain Management
  • PhD in Marketing
  • PhD in Management
  • PhD in Operations Management
  • PhD in Organisational Behaviour
  • PhD in Business Administration
  • PhD in Renewable Energy
  • PhD in Aviation Management
  • PhD in Disaster Management

PhD Courses in Law

Below is a list of PhD courses in Law:

  • PhD in Law
  • PhD in Legal Studies
  • PhD in Law and Governance
  • PhD in Constitutional Law
  • Doctor of Law

PhD Courses in Medicine

Below is a list of PhD courses in the Medical stream:

  • PhD in Physiotherapy
  • PhD in Medicine
  • PhD in Physiology
  • PhD in Radiology
  • PhD in Hospital Administration
  • PhD in Medical Physics 
  • PhD in Radiology
  • PhD in Immunology
  • PhD in Pathology
  • PhD in Neurosciences
  • PhD in Paramedical 
  • Doctor of Medicine in Homoeopathy
  • Doctor of Medicine in Forensic Medicine
  • Doctor of Medicine in Cardiology
  • Doctor of Medicine in Biochemistry

PhD Courses in Pharmacy

The list below contains the names of PhD courses in the Pharmaceutical stream:

  • PhD in Pharmaceutical Science
  • PhD in Pharmacology
  • PhD in Pharmaceutics 
  • PhD in Medical Chemistry
  • PhD in Pharmaceutical Chemistry

PhD Courses in Agriculture

Below are some PhD courses in the Agriculture stream:

  • PhD in Horticulture
  • PhD in Agronomy
  • PhD in Agricultural Economics
  • PhD in Plant Pathology

Categories of PhD Candidates

There are various categories of students who pursue PhD. Below is a list of PhD Candidates: 

  • Full-Time Research Scholars: A full-time search A scholar is someone who is enrolled in a PhD programme and is devoting their full time to completing the degree requirements.
  • Part-Time Research Scholars: Applicants interested in working as part-time science staff at the institute can apply in one of the following categories:
  • Research Assistants
  • Institute staff/ Faculty
  • Project Staff
  • External Sponsored Candidates
  • Self-Financed: Candidates in this category go through the normal admissions process but do not receive any financial assistance from universities.
  • Sponsored: The candidates are awarded based on their merit and offered full sponsorship by Research & Development organisations to conduct research. 
  • Govt. /Semi Govt. Fellowship Scheme: The candidates are granted a fellowship by the government and hence get financial assistance through the government. 
  • Study Leave Candidates: The candidates are granted three years of leave by the government/research institutes/companies to conduct research at specific institutes.
  • ICCR Awardees: Indian Council of Cultural Relations awardees, are sponsored by their respective state governments. 

PhD is a competitive course that many students apply for. Since a PhD qualification is a very valued qualification not provided by many colleges, there is a lot of competition amongst students to get admission there. To make the decision-making process fair, colleges introduce an entrance exam as a screening process. Some of the most popular PhD entrance exams are listed below:

A Quick Glance at the PhD Entrance Exams 

The eligibility criteria of the above-mentioned entrance exams are entirely dependent on the conduction body; hence it varies. While the format of the entrance exams varies on the specialisation, as each college or subject has its own governing body. Below listed are some of the general guidelines of the PhD entrance examinations:

  • The exam pattern includes logical, reasoning, and knowledge-based questions. The mode of the test will be both online and offline.
  • The papers would be objective, and if there are subjective questions, they are asked to judge argument and reasoning skills.
  • The syllabus, mode of examination, and question pattern may change according to a university/conduction body.

 Top 10 PhD Colleges in India

Below is the list of the 10 best PhD Colleges in the country:

Top PhD Colleges in India
NIRF Ranking Top colleges for PhD
1 University of Calcutta
2 Amity University
3 Amrita University, Coimbatore
4 Delhi University
5 JNU Delhi
7 Andhra University
25 IIT, Delhi
26  Aligarh Muslim University
30 BITS Pilani
35 Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal

Top CollegesTop PhD Government Colleges

There are numerous government-funded colleges that offer PhD in various courses across various streams. Here is a tabular list of the top PhD government colleges in India:

Top PhD Government Colleges
Sl.No. College Name
1 JNU, Delhi
2 DIPSAR, Delhi
3 NIT, Durgapur
4 Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur
5 BHU, Banaras
6 Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi
7 Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
8 Calcutta University, Kolkata
9 Jadavpur University, Kolkata
10 Institute of Advanced Study in Education, Chennai

Top PhD Private Colleges

Prestigious private institutes are sprawled all across India offering PhD courses. Below is a table of the top private colleges offering PhD in India:

Top PhD Private Colleges
Sl.No. College Name
1 VIT, Vellore
2 Bombay College of Pharmacy, Mumbai
3 Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education, Chennai
4 IFHE, Hyderabad
5 IIIT Bangalore
6 Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal
7 PRIST University, Tamil Nadu
8 DA-IICT, Gandhighar
9 JRNRV, Udaipur
10 BVIMSR, Mumbai

Top PhD Colleges in Chennai

Chennai is home to some of the country's best national and international colleges. The following are the top PhD colleges in Chennai:

Sl.No. College Name
1 Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education
2 Anna University
3 Sri Ramachandra Medical College

Read More: Top PhD Colleges in Tamil Nadu

Top PhD Colleges in Bangalore

Some of the best national and international colleges in the country are located in Bangalore. The top PhD schools in Bangalore are as follows:

Sl.No. College Name
2 Berean Baptist Bible College and Seminary
3 South Asia Institute of Advanced Christian Studies
4 BMS School of Architecture
5 The University of Trans-disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology 

Read More: Top PhD Colleges in Karnataka

Top PhD Colleges in Delhi

Delhi is home to some of the country's most prestigious national and international colleges. The following are the best PhD schools in Delhi:

Sl.No. College Name
1 IIT Delhi
2 National Law University
3 Faculty of Management Studies

Read More: Top PhD Colleges in Delhi

Top PhD Colleges in Kolkata

Some of the most prestigious national and international colleges in the country can be found in Kolkata. The best PhD programmes in Kolkata are listed below:

Sl.No. College Name
1 University of Calcutta
2 Jadavpur University
3 Techno India University
4 Adamas University
5 Presidency University

Read More: Top PhD Colleges in Kolkata

PhD in India

Major universities in India can obtain the best PhD in Philosophy in India. IIT provides outstanding opportunities for scientific and technological research.

IIT Bombay PhD

IIT Bombay is one of India's best institutions and a trustworthy place to pursue a PhD. There are 35 programmes in total, and applicants can specialise in any of them.

Candidates must have a degree and pass one of the UGC NET, GATE, or CEED exams to be eligible for these programmes at IIT Bombay. The speciality of PhD at IIT Bombay is shown in the table below.

SI.No. Specialisations
1 Financial Studies
2 Economics
3 Intellectual Property Rights Law
4 Computer Science and Engineering
5 Design
6 Biotechnology
7 Physics
8 Chemistry
9 Mathematics
10 Civil Engineering
11 Technology and Development
12 Technology Management
13 Strategy
14 Climate Studies
15 Educational Technology
16 Operations Management
17 Energy Science and Engineering
18 International Business
19 Industrial Engineering
20 Regulatory and Policy Studies
21 HR Management
22 Nano Science and Technology
23 Aerospace Engineering
24 Chemical Engineering
25 Material Science
26 Earth Science
27 Quantitative Techniques
28 Marketing
29 Information Technology
30 Instrumentation and Control
31 Electrical Engineering
32 Urban Engineering
33 Mechanical Engineering
34 Environmental Science and Engineering
35 Natural Resources

IIT Madras PhD

Doctoral programmes are also available at IIT Madras for those interested. It appears to be considered one of India's top IIT institutes, and it also offers PhD programmes in a variety of specialisations.

Admission to the doctorate programmes at IIT Madras requires a master's diploma in engineering with at least 60% combined marks. Applicants must also have valid GATE, NET, CSIR-JRF, or UGC-JRF scores.

SI.No. Specialisations
1 Computer Science
2 Biotechnology
3 Science and Humanities
4 Mathematics
5 Management Studies
6 Physics
7 Chemical Engineering
8 Biomedical Sciences
9 Engineering Design
10 Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering
11 Management
12 Chemistry
13 Civil Engineering
14 Mechanical Engineering
15 Electrical Engineering
16 Climate and Ocean Science
17 Applied Mathematics
18 Fluid Mechanics
19 Aerospace Engineering
20 Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science

IIT Indore PhD

IIT Indore is a prestigious institute in India, and it is well-known for its PhD programmes. PhD programmes at IIT Indore are typically three years long and include around 15 specialisations. To be admitted to those programmes, candidates must take and pass the GATE exam, CSIR, NET, JRF, and other exams.

SI.No. Specialisations
1 Psychology
2 Economics
3 Physics
4 Chemistry
5 English
6 Computer Science and Engineering
7 Materials Engineering
8 Mathematics
9 Electrical Engineering
10 Biosciences and Biomedical Engineering
11 Philosophy
12 Astronomy
13 Mechanical Engineering
14 Sociology
15 Material Science 

IIT Bhubaneswar PhD

IIT Bhubaneswar is an autonomous university that is ranked among the best in the country. It is a well-known educational institution for obtaining a PhD and is well-known for its engineering courses. Candidates must have a CGPA of at least 7 and an overall score of 60% to be eligible for this programme, as well as pass the GATE, CSIR NET, or UGC exam.

SI.No. Specialisations
1 Psychology
2 English
3 Electrical Engineering
4 Mathematics
5 Bio-Sciences
6 Computer Science
7 Mechanical Engineering
8 Civil Engineering
9 Electronics and Communication Engineering
10 Physics
11 Chemistry
12 Geological Sciences
13 Earth Science
14 Metallurgical and Materials Engineering
15 Climate and Ocean Science

IISC Bangalore PhD

The Indian Institute of Science (IISC) has a number of PhD programmes available. The institute's excellent infrastructure, faculty, and rankings make this degree worthwhile. NIRF ranked us second in both 2019 and 2020. Candidates must hold a bachelor's degree or higher in the relevant field and pass the Internet JRF, GATE, or GPAT entrance exams.

SI.No. Specialisations
1 Ecological Sciences
2 Biochemistry
3 Molecular Reproduction; Development and Genetics
4 Microbiology and Cell Biology
5 Neuroscience
6 Molecular Biophysics
7 Materials Research
8 Inorganic and Physical Chemistry
9 Organic Chemistry
10 Mathematics
11 Astronomy and Astrophysics
12 Solid-State and Structural Chemistry
13 Physics
14 High Energy Physics
15 Electrical Engineering
16 Computer Science and Automation
17 Electronic Systems Engineering
18 Electrical Communication Engineering
19 Computational Data Sciences
20 Aerospace Engineering
21 Nanoscience and Engineering
22 Chemical Engineering
23 Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
24 Civil Engineering
25 Earth Sciences
26 Materials Engineering
27 Mechanical Engineering
28 Centre for Product Design and Manufacturing
29 Sustainable Technology
30 Instrumentation and Applied Physics
31 Management Studies
32 Energy
33 Biosystems Science and Engineering
34 Mathematical Sciences
35 Water Research
36 Nanoscience and Engineering
37 Climate Change
38 Cyber-Physical Systems
39 Brain and Artificial Intelligence

IIT Hyderabad PhD

IIT Hyderabad is one of the most accessible universities in Telangana for pursuing a PhD. In 2020, he was ranked 17th by the NIRF. Thousands of scientists are enrolled in the institute, which offers 13 PhD programmes in total. M.Tech degrees from accredited educational institutions, as well as GATE, CSIR NET, JRF, UGC NET, and other qualifications, are the basic qualification criteria for obtaining an IIT Hyderabad PhD here.

Sl.No. Specialisations
1 Biotechnology
2 Civil Engineering
3 Computer Science and Engineering
4 Mathematics
5 Liberal Arts
6 Biomedical Engineering
7 Electrical Engineering
8 Physics
9 Chemistry
10 Chemical Engineering
11 Design
12 Entrepreneurship
13 Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science


VTU, or Visvesvaraya Technological University, is located in Bergham. Candidates may apply to both full-time and part-time programmes, as well as the PhD programme on a part-time basis. For courses, the candidate must be a candidate with a 6.5 CGPA in its upgrade certificate.

Sl.No. Specialisation
1 Civil Engineering
2 Biotechnology
3 Architecture
4 Computer Science and Engineering
5 Electrical Engineering
6 Nano-technology
7 Mechanical Engineering
8 Research Methodology
9 Physics
10 Chemistry
11 Physical Education
12 Mathematics
13 Chemical Engineering
14 Library and Information Science
15 Textile Technology
16 Polymer Science and Technology

Bangalore University PhD

Bangalore University is a good teaching institute for PhD programmes and is located in Bangalore, Karnataka. The university is a member of the NAAC, ACU, and AIC, and it is also ranked number one by the NIRF.

To be eligible for the PhD programme at Bangalore University, applicants must have an undergraduate degree with a minimum overall score of 55%. Candidates will be chosen based on their performance in both the college entrance exam and the personal interview.

Computer Science and Engineering
Management Studies
Foreign Language
Electronic Science
Applied Genetics
Rural Development
Home Science
Life Science
Speech and Hearing
Physical Education
Communication System
Electrical Engineering
Biological Sciences
Environmental Science
Computer Science

Amity University PhD

Amity University, Noida is a well-known institute with campuses throughout India. Without a doubt, pursuing a doctoral programme here is something to think about. The university offers over 70 different doctoral programmes. Applicants must have a Master's or Master's degree in Philosophy or a related field, with a minimum overall score of 55%, to be eligible for this exam. Applicants may also use a CGPA of 6.0 on a scale of 10 or 66% of the total score in 10th or 12th grade. Entrance exams such as UGC NET, CSIR, ICAR (ASRP), GATE, ICMR, GPAT, and DST are also required. Amity University's average PhD fee is INR 1,20,000.

Hospital Administration Finance Renewable Energy
Hospitality Anthropology Architecture and Planning
Psychology Forensic Science International Relation
Law Chemistry Cellular and Molecular Oncology
Commerce English Virology
Mass Communication Pharmaceutical Sciences Radiation Biology
Ecological Sciences Computer Science and Engineering Immunology
Bioinformatics Materials and Devices Rural Management 
Natural Resources Special Education Fashion Management
Polymer Science and Technology Biosensors Defence and Strategic Studies
Remote Sensing Physical Education Horticulture
Travel and Tourism Management Physiotherapy Physiology
Economics Mechanical and Automation Engineering Microbial Technology
History Neuroscience Nuclear Science and Technology
Education Environmental Science Statistics
Fine Arts Food Technology Stem Cell
Clinical Psychology Mathematics Renewable Energy
Public Health Electrical Engineering Geoinformatics and Remote Sensing
Food and Nutrition Sociology Climate Change and Ecological Studies
Management Studies Political Science Aerospace Engineering
Competitive Intelligence Physical and Molecular Science Physics
Wildlife Sciences Agriculture Solar Energy
Microbial Biotechnology Natural Product Studies Information Technology


JNU, or Nehru University, is one of India's best universities, particularly for studies. At JNU, a doctoral programme must last at least four years. Applicants must have a postgraduate degree and a total score of at least fifty. Candidates will be chosen based on their performance in the CBT test and their loud voice performance. The average JNU PhD fee is INR 1,381 P.A.

English Environmental Science
Economics History (Mediaeval and Modern)
Geography Molecular Medicine
Philosophy International Politics
Life Science Persian
Law and Governance Kannada
International Trade and Development Canadian Studies
Hindi Tamil
Physical Science Science Policy
Arts Political Science
Ancient History Latin American Studies
Computer Systems Cinema Studies
Sanskrit Women Studies
Diplomacy and Disarmament Comparative Politics
Korean Media Studies
Japanese Chemical Sciences
Spanish Mathematical Studies
Social System French
West Asian Studies North East India Studies
German South Asian Studies
Russian Social Sciences
Management of Informal Sector Chinese Studies
Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy African Studies
Biotechnology International Legal Studies
Urdu Political Geography
Linguistics Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
Population Studies International Organisation
Nano Science and Technology Arabic
Discrimination and Exclusion Studies -


Delhi University or DU is one of the best colleges in Delhi, as well as in overall India. It achieved the 18th and 20th rank by the NIRF in 2019 and 2020 respectively. The basic eligibility criteria for pursuing a PhD program in DU is having a master's degree or holding an M.Phil degree with a minimum of 55% aggregate scores. The entrance exams accepted in this university are UGC NET, JRF, and SLET, and also the college conducts its own DU entrance exam. The average fees for DU PhD Programs are INR 45,000.

Commerce German
Business Administration Dermatology
Pharmacology Obstetrics and Gynaecology Nursing
History Electronics and Communication
Political Science Anaesthesiology
Resource Management and Design Application Paediatrics
Fabric and Apparel Science Business Economics
English Urdu
Physical Education Russian
Education Sanskrit
Philosophy Punjabi
Anthropology Manufacturing Process and Automation Engineering
Economics Persian
Physical Education Electronics
Library and Information Science African Studies
Psychology Radiology
Home Science French/ Italian/ German/ Hispanic studies
Surgery Human Development and Childhood Studies
Botany Buddhist Studies
Social Work Pulmonary Medicine
Geology Biophysics
Microbiology Pathology
Chemistry Instrumentation and Control
Hindi Music
Operational Research Plant Molecular Biology
Medicine Adult Continuing Education and Extension
Sociology Environment Studies
Linguistics Arabic
Genetics Biochemistry
Community Medicine Computer Science
Pulmonary Medicine Financial Studies
Statistics Physiology
Biomedical Sciences Medicinal Microbiology
Applied Science and Humanities -

Mumbai University PhD

Applicants are also eligible to pursue a PhD at the University of Mumbai. It is a well-known government university with a three-year doctoral programme. Applicants must have a Master's or Master of Philosophy degree from an accredited educational institution and an overall score of at least 55%. Applicants must also have valid GATE, UGC, SET, JRF ICAR, and CSIR scores.

Sl.No. Specialisations
1 Life Science
2 Commerce
3 English
4 Education
5 African Studies
6 Marathi
7 Sociology
8 Library and Information Science
9 Linguistics
10 Philosophy
11 Sanskrit
12 Urdu
13 Music
14 Physics
15 Persian
16 Kannada
17 French
18 Arabic
19 Biotechnology
20 History
21 Politics
22 Chemistry
23 Statistics
24 Geography
25 Sindhi
26 Russian
27 Computer Science
28 Pali and Prakrit
29 German

IIT Kharagpur PhD

IIT Kharagpur is one of India's best IITs, as well as one of the best colleges in the country. The NIRF ranked fifth in both 2020 and 2019. IIT Kharagpur offers 17 PhD programmes in total. A minimum CGPA of 6.5 or aggregate marks of 60% at the postgraduate level is required to pursue a doctorate degree at IIT Kharagpur.

Sl.No. Specialisations
1 Science
2 Humanities and Social Science
3 Mechanical Engineering
4 Engineering and Technology
5 Management Studies
6 Working Professionals
7 Quality Improvement Programme
8 Social Sciences
9 Architecture and Planning
10 Rubber Technology
11 Rural Development
12 Mechanical Engineering
13 Earth Science
14 Structural Engineering
15 Architecture
16 Chemical Sciences
17 Electrical Communication Engineering

PhD Abroad

According to the QS World University Rankings, the world's best universities offer PhD. programmes. Rankings for 2021 and 2020 are available so that schools can be compared on a regular basis.

PhD Abroad Colleges
Universities RANK2021 RANK 2020
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 1 1
Stanford University 2 2
Harvard University 3 3
California Institute of Technology - Caltech 4 5
University of Oxford 5 4
ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology 6 6
University of Cambridge 7 7
Imperial College London 8 9
University of Chicago 9 10
University College London (UCL) 10 8

Harvard PhD

Harvard University is regarded as one of the world's top educational institutions. Many candidates have worked extremely hard to gain admission to their current university and continue their education. It provides programmes in eight different specializations, including a doctoral programme. This institute's doctoral programmes typically cost around INR 38 LPA.

Furthermore, the university provides both full-time and part-time study options. All applicants to the current university must take the GRE or GMAT exam. Those interested in studying the following subjects at this university:

  • Computer Science
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Neuroscience
  • Business Administration
  • Molecular and Cellular Biology
  • Statistics
  • Data Science
  • Computational Science and Engineering


Another of the world's top universities is MIT or the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It is a private university with an employment rate of 82%. According to US news, it will be ranked third among national universities in 2020. MIT is a well-known institute for those interested in pursuing PhD programmes. It offers a total of 29 research programmes. The average course fee for doctoral programmes at MIT is around INR 21 LPA. All students must submit their GRE entrance examination scores to be considered.

Among the PhD specializations offered by MIT are:

  • Physics
  • Mathematics
  • Computer Engineering and Science
  • Doctor of Medicine
  • Brain and Cognitive Sciences
  • Nuclear Science and Engineering
  • Economics
  • Political Science
  • Finance
  • Marketing
  • Information Technology
  • Biological Engineering 
  • Technological Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategic Management
  • Operations Research
  • Accounting 
  • Social and Engineering 
  • Transportation
  • Work and Employment 
  • Economic Sociology 
  • Science, Technology and Society
  • Organizational Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Linguistics 
  • Civil and Environmental Engineering 
  • Polymer and Soft Matter
  • Statics
  • History

Oxford PhD

According to the QS World ranking and numerous other organizations, Oxford University is also one of the best universities in the world. Many experts consider it to be the world's easiest university. It is a public research university with an acceptance rate of 15%. Oxford University has a 45% international student population, and pursuing a PhD here is worthwhile. It offers 17 research programmes, which are detailed below -

  • Computer Science
  • Law
  • Molecular and Cellular Medicine 
  • Medical Sciences
  • Finance 
  • Surgical Sciences
  • Management 
  • Health Data Science 
  • Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics
  • Condensed Matter Physics 
  • Social Data Science
  • Geography and Environment
  • Mathematics
  • Statics
  • Engineering Science
  • Economics

Stanford PhD

Stanford University in California, USA, is regarded as one of the world's most prestigious research institutions. It is ranked among the top five colleges globally and has a strong reputation for pursuing research programmes. It is well-known for its research programmes. Applicants to Stanford University have access to approximately 60 doctoral courses. The majors available are as follows:

  • Physics
  • Mathematics
  • Computer Engineering and Science
  • Doctor of Medicine
  • Brain and Cognitive Sciences
  • Nuclear Science and Engineering
  • Economics
  • Political Science
  • Finance
  • Marketing
  • Information Technology
  • Biological Engineering 
  • Technological Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategic Management
  • Operations Research
  • Accounting 
  • Social and Engineering 
  • Transportation
  • Work and Employment 
  • Economic Sociology 
  • Science, Technology and Society
  • Organizational Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Linguistics 
  • Civil and Environmental Engineering 
  • Polymer and Soft Matter
  • Statics
  • History

Cambridge PhD

Doctoral students from all over the world come to Cambridge University to pursue their studies. It is a one-of-a-kind college with a 16% acceptance rate. Every year, 9,000 international students are admitted to this institute.

Applicants must pass the GMAT or GRE entrance exam to be considered for Cambridge University study programmes. It is reputed to be the most straightforward university for doctoral programmes. Through this website, candidates can apply to 66 PhD programmes. Examine the specializations that are available below.

  • Physics
  • Mathematics
  • Computer Engineering and Science
  • Doctor of Medicine
  • Brain and Cognitive Sciences
  • Nuclear Science and Engineering
  • Economics
  • Political Science
  • Finance
  • Marketing
  • Information Technology
  • Biological Engineering 
  • Technological Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Strategic Management
  • Operations Research
  • Accounting 
  • Social and Engineering 
  • Transportation
  • Work and Employment 
  • Economic Sociology 
  • Science, Technology and Society
  • Organizational Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Linguistics 
  • Civil and Environmental Engineering 
  • Polymer and Soft Matter
  • Statics
  • History

Fee Structure for PhD 

The course fee for PhD depends on the college students are interested in applying for. Many factors would influence the fee structure, such as the location, facilities, faculty and infrastructure. PhD is one of the few courses where there are many PhD scholarships available for students. Private organizations, colleges and NGOs provide scholarships to help students pursue their research without financial burden. The average course fees range from INR 72,000 - to 4 LPA. Candidates can pay the fees yearly.

Syllabus and Subjects for PhD

The course and subjects for a PhD degree depend on the specialization aspirants decide to pursue. There are over 1000 courses in which students can choose to specialize, and therefore, for understanding the course subjects, aspiring students should search for PhD course details online.

Listed below are some subjects that the students get a chance to study: 

  • Research Methodology
  • Ethics of Interviewing for a research course
  • How to write a research proposal
  • Introduction to social media as a research tool

Read More About PhD Syllabus and Subjects

Why Choose PhD?

A PhD is a doctoral research degree and is normally the highest academic qualification you can achieve. The degree works towards a thesis offering an original contribution to your subject. There are many specializations that students can pursue based on their interests. PhD graduates can have a very rewarding career after graduation, as not many people pursue this course. To understand the answer to the question, "Why choose PhD?" we should make it simpler by breaking it down into the following three short questions:

Why Choose PhD?

What is PhD All About?

PhD is a final degree that students get in during their education. Aspirants can pursue a PhD degree in whichever field of education they are interested in. The primary focus of this educational program is to introduce students to the research and exploration aspects of the subject they choose to pursue. Students can pursue subjects such as Humanities, Engineering and more. After this course, there are many job opportunities for students as they can become researchers, professors, and consultants. A full-time PhD course duration is 3 - 4 years; for part-time, the duration is 5-6 years.

What Does a PhD Graduate Do?

The speciality of the PhD course is that it provides knowledge in theory through research. It enables students to work as researchers, professors, consultants, analysts, etc. They have a variety of shared responsibilities and functions in their role; some of them are:

Research and Development: PhD graduates are responsible for representing new areas of research and ethics. Their role entails them studying and researching the missing parts in the field they are interested in.

Teaching and Educating: Graduates of this course are the most aware of the different themes in the subject they choose to research. Therefore, a part of their job is to teach and educate the younger generation about their subject and research.

Reasons Why PhD Can Fetch You a Rewarding Career?

A PhD is an essential degree for the job market today as it provides students with all the essential skills to learn about a specific specialization and excel in it. The skills can help students make a career in teaching and research and, therefore, help them create a remarkable difference in the field they are interested in.

Demand: The role has a lot of demand in the Research, Teaching and innovation industries. Therefore, students don't need to worry about gaining work experience after graduation.

Long-Term Demand: PhDs will always have a demand in the job market as the knowledge they possess is key for every industry to succeed and continue. Due to this reason, no matter the market situation, it is very less likely that PhDs will find their job threatened.

Read More About PhD Jobs

Salary of a PhD Graduate

It is impossible to predict the exact salary that a PhD graduate earns, as many factors can affect this decision. Some of these factors students can control if students do internships and gain work experience can increase their chances of getting a higher salary. According to Glassdoor, a PhD graduate's average salary is INR 3.4 LPA in India. This value can change depending on the city, years of experience, designation, etc.

Read More About PhD Salary

Career Options After PhD Graduation

Job opportunities are available in plenty for PhD graduates in both the public and private sectors. The job roles offered will be of the highest level of employment owing to their knowledge and research-based experience.

Top 5 Companies

The most common roles the graduates work in are:

  • Consultants
  • Professors
  • Learning Counsels
  • Analysts
  • Research Scientist

Skills That Make You The Best PhD Graduate

PhD graduates need to have skills to help them succeed in their professional lives. These skills don't just help the students succeed in their research process. After they have completed their research, aspirants will need these skills to ensure that they succeed in their workplace. Some of these skills include:

  • Quantitative Analysis Skills
  • Research Skills
  • Analytical Skills
  • The Ability to Work Under Pressure
  • Interpersonal Skills

Add Your Question

Improve Your Question

Answer Now

Post By