The Bachelor of Technology syllabus has a variety of courses under it. The coursework mainly focuses on offering practical learning in various engineering specializations. B.Tech course provides a mix of fundamental engineering concepts and specialization-based concepts, helping students understand more common engineering problems apart from their specialized stream of study. The curriculum broadens the thinking horizons and allows graduates to have the practical knowledge required for industrial operations.

Semester Wise B.Tech Syllabus

B.Tech course is split into four years and eight semesters of study. The course syllabus for the most essential and significant subjects of the different core branches of the B.Tech curriculum is listed below. Most colleges across the nation follow a curriculum laid out by UGC, although minor variations are observed in some colleges.

B.Tech First Year Syllabus



Engineering Physics

Engineering Chemistry

Mathematics - I

Mathematics - II

Engineering Physics Lab

Engineering Mechanics

Basic Electronics

Specialization based Subject

Engineering Graphics

Computer Programming

EG Lab

Programming Lab

Environmental Studies

Engineering Mechanics Lab

B.Tech Second Year Syllabus



Engineering Thermodynamics

Data Structures

Control Systems

Digital Electronics

Mathematics -III

Mathematics - IV

Electrical Devices


Strength of Materials

Microprocessors Lab

Thermodynamics Lab

Digital Electronics Lab

Control Systems Lab

Theory of Machines

B.Tech Third Year Syllabus 



Structural Analysis

Hydraulics and Pneumatics

Concrete Structures

Elective - II

Machine Design

Analog Circuits

Industrial Automation

Transportation Engineering

Elective - I

Digital Signal Processing

Sensors and Instrumentation

Elective - III

Structural Analysis Lab

Hydraulics Lab

Industrial Automation Lab

Circuit Design Lab

B.Tech Fourth Year Syllabus



Elective - IV

Industrial Management

Elective - V

Open Elective

Elective - VI


VLSI Technology

Industrial Project

Power Electronics

Viva Voce

Fundamentals of Machine Learning


Power Electronics Lab


Electives Lab


B.Tech Subjects

The B.Tech subjects focus on providing fundamental engineering concepts combined with specialized fields of study. The course aims to make graduates apply engineering concepts into developing technically sound solutions in any specialized domain and enhance productivity. Apart from theory-based learning, the course structure does include laboratory sessions, internships, and project-based subjects. According to the choice-based credit system, students are free to opt for elective subjects based on their interests in the domain and job aspirations. Some of the common B. Tech subjects list are provided below:

B.Tech Core Subjects

  • Engineering Physics
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Basic Electronics
  • Structural Analysis
  • Machine Design
  • Programming Language
  • Digital Electronics
  • Microcontrollers and Microprocessors 
  • Communication Protocols

B.Tech Laboratory Subjects:

  • Hydraulics Lab
  • Thermodynamics Lab
  • Engineering Mechanics Lab
  • Programming Lab
  • Basic Electronics Lab
  • Power Electronics Lab
  • Microcontrollers Lab
  • Special Machines Lab
  • Industrial Project

B.Tech Elective Subjects:

  • Robotics 
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Machine Learning 
  • Autonomous Vehicles
  • Material Handling
  • Internet of Things
  • Cloud Computing
  • Graphic Designing
  • Cyber Security

Specialisation-wise B.Tech Syllabus

B.Tech syllabus allows students to be exposed to practical approaches of problem-solving techniques combined with theoretical studies to support the statement. During the initial semesters, the coursework offers a basic understanding of engineering concepts and basic communication subjects. The course structure diverts from the third semester till the eight-semester according to their specialization they've opted for. Listed below are some of the popular specializations and their corresponding course structure:

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Syllabus

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering syllabus offers more depth in fundamental mechanical engineering concepts and their application in various fields. The subjects such as thermodynamics, fluid engineering, machine design, materials science provide a basic understanding of systems. Subjects like automobile design, special machines, etc., helps students to apply mechanical engineering concepts in real-world situations. At the end of the 8th semester, students are required to present a project on real-world application.

Read More about B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Syllabus and Subjects

B.Tech Civil Engineering Syllabus

B.Tech Civil Engineering syllabus focuses more on providing an understanding of basic civil engineering concepts and construction methods. Some of the subjects include structural analysis, steel analysis, surveying technology, and much more on basic construction techniques and material analysis.

Read More about B.Tech Civil Engineering Syllabus and Subjects

B.Tech Computer Science Engineering Syllabus

B.Tech Computer Engineering syllabus deals with training aspirants to develop computer software solutions and other technological designs. The coursework includes several programming languages such as C, C++, Java, Python, etc. It also offers subjects such as software development cycle, application development, machine learning, etc., which are direct applications of the programming languages. The coursework includes mandatory projects and dissertations in the final semesters, which tests students' overall understanding of the concepts learned. 

Read More about B. Tech Computer Science Engineering Syllabus and Subjects

B.Tech Electrical and Electronics Engineering Syllabus

B.Tech EEE syllabus focuses more on electrical engineering fundamentals and its application in developing electrical power systems in day-to-day applications. The coursework also parallelly offers knowledge on electronics systems, which help students combine electrical systems. Some of the coursework subjects include power electronics, electrical machines, digital electronics, microprocessors, and much more that help students understand the nuances of electrical engineering. Students are required to submit a real-life working model as a project in their final semester of study.

Read More about B.Tech Electrical and Electronics Engineering Syllabus and Subjects

B.Tech Electronics and Communication Engineering Syllabus

B.Tech ECE syllabus is very different from B.Tech EEE, as it focuses more on electronics and their application in communication systems. The coursework also includes basic programming concepts that help students develop integrated systems. The syllabus consists of subjects like analog circuits, digital signal processing, communication protocols, linear integrated circuits, power electronics, digital electronics, microprocessors, and much more to understand fundamental electronics and their application in communication systems. During the final semester of study, students are required to work on real-life projects and dissertations.

Read More about B.Tech Electronics and Communication Engineering Syllabus and Subjects

Other Important B.Tech Syllabus and Subjects:

B.Tech Course Structure

In general, a B.Tech course structure consists of basic engineering, core, and elective subjects. Most engineering colleges across the country are following the CBCS structure as per UGC recommendations. The core subjects vary according to the specialization opted by the aspirant and the university offering the course. The first two semesters consist of basic engineering subjects such as physics, maths, mechanics, etc., combined with communication subjects. In the CBCS system, students can choose electives based on their specialization and areas of interest. They must submit a research-based final dissertation and a working model at the end of their degree. The course structure is:

  • VII Semesters
  • Core and Elective subjects
  • Dissertation Submission
  • Project and Viva Voce
  • Mandatory Internship
  • Lab subjects

B.Tech Teaching Methodology and Techniques

Apart from traditional lecture-based teaching methods, the B.Tech course involves several other teaching methods to make the coursework more interesting. The teaching methods comprise multi-sensory instruction, brainstorming sessions, mandatory internships, group discussions, and case study that helps students gain more knowledge on practical learning. It not only improves the teaching-learning process but makes it more purposive. In short, the teaching methodology and techniques are:

  • Research Sessions
  • Group Projects
  • Case Methodology 
  • Workshop
  • Final Dissertation Submission
  • Mandatory Internship

B.Tech Projects

Project work and publications are an integral part of the B.Tech course. The mandatory project helps students to apply engineering concepts in developing solutions for real-world problems. It also helps students understand more about the functionality of industries and stages of product development with practical learning. Project work can also be interdisciplinary, which will enhance students' knowledge by integrating other specializations. Students will be encouraged to do their projects in renowned industries as internships in respective domains of specialization. An internship will assist them in understanding the work ethics and offer them ideation for developing solutions.

Some of the common B. Tech Projects include:

  • Smart GPS tracker using Arduino
  • Robots for Material Handling 
  • IoT and RFID based material tracker
  • Pick and Place Robots
  • Stock Prediction Model
  • CNN-based live tracking

B.Tech Reference Books

In the table given below are some of the best books with the best authors. Aspirants can choose it depending upon its uses.

Books Authors
Algorithms to live by The computer science of human decisions Brian Christian and Tom Griffiths
Introduction to algorithm Thomas H. Cormen
The soul of a new machine Tracy kidder
Superintelligence: Path, Dangers, Strategies Nick Bostrom
The computer networking: A top-down Approach James F. Kurose and Keith W. Ross

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