B.Tech Subjects and Syllabus


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Lisha Gupta

Updated on Oct 3, 2022 by Lisha Gupta

Lisha Gupta

Updated on Oct 3, 2022 by Lisha Gupta

The B.Tech syllabus has a variety of courses under it. The B.Tech subjects mainly focus on offering practical learning in various engineering specializations. The curriculum broadens the thinking horizons and allows graduates to have the practical knowledge required for industrial operations.

B.Tech Semester Wise Subjects and Syllabus 

The B.Tech course is split into four years and eight semesters of study. The course syllabus for the most essential and significant subjects of the different core branches of the B.Tech curriculum is provided in the tables below. 

B.Tech's first and second-year syllabuses aim to provide the students with all the vital knowledge and core subjects. At the same time, the B.Tech third and fourth-year syllabuses allow the students to choose electives and make their curriculum diverse and flexible. Due to the diversity of education, the B.Tech job scope in India is very high and rewarding.

Most colleges across the nation follow a curriculum laid out by UGC, although minor variations are observed in some colleges.

B.Tech First Year Syllabus

The B.Tech first-year syllabus is detailed in the table below:

Engineering Physics Engineering Chemistry
Mathematics - I Mathematics - II
Engineering Physics Lab Engineering Mechanics
Basic Electronics Specialization based Subject
Engineering Graphics Computer Programming
EG Lab Programming Lab
Environmental Studies Engineering Mechanics Lab

B.Tech Second Year Syllabus

The table below shows the subjects in the B.Tech second-year syllabus

Engineering Thermodynamics Data Structures
Control Systems Digital Electronics
Mathematics -III Mathematics - IV
Electrical Devices Microprocessors
Strength of Materials Microprocessors Lab
Thermodynamics Lab Digital Electronics Lab
Control Systems Lab Theory of Machines

B.Tech Third Year Syllabus

The B.Tech third year syllabus is detailed in the table below:

Structural Analysis Hydraulics and Pneumatics
Concrete Structures Elective - II
Machine Design Analog Circuits
Industrial Automation Transportation Engineering
Elective - I Digital Signal Processing
Sensors and Instrumentation Elective - III
Structural Analysis Lab Hydraulics Lab
Industrial Automation Lab Circuit Design Lab

B.Tech Fourth Year Syllabus

The table below contains the subjects from B.Tech fourth year syllabus:

Elective - IV Industrial Management
Elective - V Open Elective
Elective - VI Dissertation
VLSI Technology Industrial Project
Power Electronics Viva Voce
Fundamentals of Machine Learning Internship 
Power Electronics Lab -
Electives Lab -

B.Tech Subjects

The B.Tech subjects provide fundamental engineering concepts combined with specialized fields of study. The course aims to make graduates apply engineering concepts to developing technically sound solutions in any specialized domain and enhance productivity.

Apart from theory-based learning, the course structure does include laboratory sessions, internships, and project-based subjects. In addition, according to the choice-based credit system, students are free to opt for elective subjects based on their interests in the domain and job aspirations. 

B.Tech Core Subjects

The B.Tech course provides a mix of fundamental engineering concepts and specialization-based concepts, helping students understand more common engineering problems apart from their specialized stream of study. Listed below are some of the core subjects that the students study:

  • Engineering Physics
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Basic Electronics
  • Structural Analysis
  • Machine Design
  • Programming Language
  • Digital Electronics
  • Microcontrollers and Microprocessors 
  • Communication Protocols

B.Tech Laboratory Subjects

Along with the core and elective subjects, there are also many laboratory subjects that the students can choose from. Laboratory subjects help the students to learn about the topics in greater depth and get hands-on experience. The B.Tech laboratory subjects are listed below:

  • Hydraulics Lab
  • Thermodynamics Lab
  • Engineering Mechanics Lab
  • Programming Lab
  • Basic Electronics Lab
  • Power Electronics Lab
  • Microcontrollers Lab
  • Special Machines Lab
  • Industrial Project

B.Tech Elective Subjects

An elective course is a subject from the block of electives, which must be taken within the volume established in the curriculum. Aspirants can opt for elective subjects to make their courses flexible and diverse. The B.Tech elective subjects are listed below:

  • Robotics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Machine Learning 
  • Autonomous Vehicles
  • Material Handling
  • Internet of Things
  • Cloud Computing
  • Graphic Designing
  • Cyber Security

Specialisation-wise B.Tech Subjects and Syllabus

B.Tech syllabus allows students to be exposed to practical approaches of problem-solving techniques combined with theoretical studies to support the statement. In addition, the coursework offers a basic understanding of engineering concepts and basic communication subjects during the initial semesters.

According to the specialization they've opted for, the course structure diverts from the third semester to the eight-semester. Detailed below are some of the popular specializations and their corresponding course structure.

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Subjects and Syllabus

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering syllabus offers more depth in fundamental mechanical engineering concepts and their application in various fields. The B.Tech Mechanical Engineering syllabus is listed below:

  • Thermodynamics
  • Fluid Engineering
  • Machine Design
  • Materials Science
  • Automobile Design
  • Special Machines

At the end of the 8th semester, students must present a project on real-world application.

Read More: B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Subjects and Syllabus

B.Tech Civil Engineering Subjects and Syllabus

The B.Tech Civil Engineering syllabus focuses more on understanding basic civil engineering concepts and construction methods. Some subjects include structural analysis, steel analysis, surveying technology, and much more on basic construction techniques and material analysis.

The subjects as per the B.Tech Civil Engineering syllabus are listed below:

  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Strength of Materials
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Concrete Technology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Computer-Aided Design
  • Hydraulics Machinery
  • Solid Mechanics
  • Irrigation and Hydraulics

Read More: B.Tech Civil Engineering Subjects and Syllabus

B.Tech Computer Science Engineering Subjects and Syllabus

B.Tech Computer Engineering syllabus deals with training aspirants to develop computer software solutions and other technological designs. Some of the B.Tech Computer Science subjects are listed below:

  • Computer Programming
  • Data Structures & Algorithms
  • Object-Oriented Programming using C ++
  • Design and Analysis of Algorithms
  • Database Management Systems
  • Digital Systems
  • Computer Networks and Circuit Theory
  • Microprocessor & Computer Architecture
  • Operating Systems

The coursework includes mandatory projects and dissertations in the final semesters, which tests students' overall understanding of the concepts learned. 

Read More: B. Tech Computer Science Engineering Subjects and Syllabus

B.Tech Electrical and Electronics Engineering Subjects and Syllabus

B.Tech EEE syllabus focuses more on electrical engineering fundamentals and their application in developing electrical power systems in day-to-day applications. The coursework also offers knowledge of electronics systems, which helps students combine electrical systems. The subjects in the B.Tech Electrical and Electronics Engineering syllabus are provided in the list below:

  • Analog Electronics
  • Circuits and Systems
  • Power Systems
  • Microcontrollers
  • Power Electronics
  • Transmission and Distribution
  • Data Structures and Algorithms
  • Computer Programming
  • Pulse and Digital Circuits 

Students are required to submit a real-life working model as a project in their final semester of study.

Read More: B.Tech Electrical and Electronics Engineering Subjects and Syllabus

B.Tech Electronics and Communication Engineering Subjects and Syllabus

B.Tech ECE syllabus is very different from B.Tech EEE, as it focuses more on electronics and their application in communication systems. The coursework also includes basic programming concepts that help students develop integrated systems. The list of subjects in the B.Tech Electronics and Communication Engineering syllabus is detailed below:

  • Analog Circuits
  • Digital Signal Processing
  • Communication Protocols
  • Linear Integrated Circuits
  • Power Electronics
  • Digital Electronics
  • Microprocessors

During the final semester of study, students are required to work on real-life projects and dissertations.

Read More: B.Tech Electronics and Communication Engineering Subjects and Syllabus

Other Important B.Tech Subjects and Syllabus:

B.Tech Course Structure

In general, a B.Tech course structure consists of basic engineering, core, and elective subjects. Most engineering colleges across the country follow the CBCS structure as per UGC recommendations.

The core subjects vary according to the specialization opted by the aspirant and the university offering the course. The first two semesters consist of basic engineering subjects such as physics, math, mechanics, etc., combined with communication subjects. 

In the CBCS system, students can choose electives based on their specialization and areas of interest. They must submit a research-based final dissertation and a working model at the end of their degree. The course structure is:

  • VII Semesters
  • Core and Elective subjects
  • Dissertation Submission
  • Project and Viva Voce
  • Mandatory Internship
  • Lab subjects

B.Tech Teaching Methodology and Techniques

Apart from traditional lecture-based teaching methods, the B.Tech course involves several other teaching methods to make the coursework more interesting. 

The teaching methods comprise multi-sensory instruction, brainstorming sessions, mandatory internships, group discussions, and case study that helps students gain more knowledge on practical learning. It not only improves the teaching-learning process but makes it more purposive. In short, the teaching methodology and techniques are:

  • Research Sessions
  • Group Projects
  • Case Methodology 
  • Workshop
  • Final Dissertation Submission
  • Mandatory Internship

B.Tech Projects

Project work and publications are an integral part of the B.Tech course. The mandatory project helps students apply engineering concepts to develop solutions for real-world problems.

It also helps students understand more about industries' functionality and product development stages with practical learning. Project work can also be interdisciplinary, which will enhance students' knowledge by integrating other specializations.

Some of the common B.Tech Projects include:

  • Smart GPS tracker using Arduino
  • Robots for Material Handling 
  • IoT and RFID based material tracker
  • Pick and Place Robots
  • Stock Prediction Model
  • CNN-based live tracking

B.Tech Reference Books

In the table given below are some of the best books with the best authors. Aspirants can choose it depending upon its uses.

Books Authors
Algorithms To Live By The Computer Science Of Human Decisions Brian Christian and Tom Griffiths
Introduction To Algorithms Thomas H. Cormen
The Soul Of A New Machine Tracy Kidder
Superintelligence: Path, Dangers, Strategies Nick Bostrom
The Computer Networking: A top-down Approach James F. Kurose and Keith W. Ross

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