BTech Specialization List: Branches In Demand, Fees, Scope in India

Duration: 4 Years
Avg Fees: INR 2,200 - 6,00,000 per year
Thasleen Mohideen
Thasleen Mohideen

Updated on - Mar 15, 2024

Latest Updates for BTech

  • 20 May 2024 :

    The JEE Main Result 2024 for Paper 2 (B.Arch & B.Plan) was released on 19th May 2024 at the official website of NTA. 

  • 17 May 2024 :

    JEE Advanced 2024 admit card has been released on May 17, 2024, to the registered candidates.

  • 10 May 2024 :

    JEECUP Exam Date 2024 Out. The exam will be held from June 13, 2024, to June 20, 2024.

  • 28 April 2024 :

    ATIT 2024 results and provisional admission letters to selected and waitlisted candidates will be available in Jun 2024.

The BTech course offers various branches or specializations, allowing students to focus on specific areas of engineering and technology. The availability of branches may vary between universities, but some of the common BTech branches are Computer Science and Engineering (CSE), Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE), Information Technology, Chemical Engineering, etc.  

BTech or Bachelor of Technology, is a four-year undergraduate program in technology and engineering. In India, there are around 4500 BTech colleges that offer more than 45 BTech specializations. The B.Tech syllabus varies for different specializations to cater to the specific knowledge and skills required in each field.

Candidates aspiring to pursue BTech courses should pass entrance exams like JEE Main, JEE Advanced, WBJEE, BITSAT, and SRMJEE based on the institution they are opting for. Choosing the right BTech branch can help the candidate make informed decisions about the specialization and career options.

Table of Content

Top BTech Specialization List: Branches in Demand

B.Tech branches are crucial as they allow students to specialize in specific areas of technology and engineering, tailoring their education to their interests and career goals. It is recommended that students understand each specialization under BTech degree before applying for the course.

Given below are the top 10 BTech Specializations / Branches in detail:

1. BTech Computer Science and Engineering

BTech Computer Science and Engineering or BTech CSE is a four-year undergraduate program that focuses on equipping students with the skills and knowledge related to computer science, data structure, programming, etc. 

  • The BTech Computer Science Engineering fees in India range from INR 2-10 Lakhs per year.
  • The core BTech Computer Science and Engineering subjects include Mathematical Inductions, Three Dimensional Geometry, Data Processing, Discrete Structures, Interfacing Through Microprocessors, Artificial Intelligence, etc. 
  • Top colleges such as IIT Madras, IIT Delhi and IIT Mumbai offer BTech CSE courses.

Read More: BTech Computer Science and Engineering

2. BTech Mechanical Engineering

BTech Mechanical Engineering is a four-year undergraduate course that equips students with the knowledge and practical skills related to Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Nanomechanics, etc. 

  • The BTech Mechanical Engineering fees in India range from INR 3-12 Lakhs per year.
  • The core BTech Mechanical Engineering subject includes Manufacturing Processes, Dynamics of machinery, Metrology & Instrumentation, Kinematics, etc. 
  • Top colleges such as BITS Pilani, IIT Mumbai, and NIT Durgapur offer BTech Mechanical Engineering courses. 

Read More: BTech Mechanical Engineering

3. BTech Electrical Engineering

BTech Electrical Engineering is a four-year undergraduate program that focuses on enabling students with core knowledge and hands-on experience related to Electrical Engineering, electromagnetism, Computer Programming, Measurement and Instrumentation, etc. 

  • The BTech Electrical Engineering fee ranges from INR 40,000- 5,00,000 per year. 
  • The core BTech Mechanical Engineering subjects include Electronics Engineering, Vector Calculus, Differential Equations, Mathematical Statistics and Numerical Methods, etc.
  • Top colleges such as IIT Kanpur, Jadavpur University, Anna University, etc offer BTech Electrical Engineering courses in India

Read More: BTech Electrical Engineering

4. BTech Civil Engineering

BTech Civil Engineering is a four-year undergraduate program that enables students with the industry-required knowledge and technical skills related to planning and building bridges, roads, houses, etc. 

  • The BTech Civil Engineering fee ranges from INR 1,00,000 - 6,00,000 per year based on the type of university or institution.
  • The core BTech Civil Engineering subjects cover Structural Analysis, Mechanics of Materials, Basic Steel Design, Construction of Materials, etc, 
  • Top colleges such as BHU, IIT Madras, IIT Kanpur, and IIT Mumbai offer BTech Civil Engineering courses in India

Read More: BTech Civil Engineering

5. BTech Electronics and Communication Engineering

The BTech Electronics and Communication Engineering course is a four-year undergraduate program focusing on key aspects of electronics and communication such as studying, designing, and developing electrical circuits and electronics. 

  • The BTech Electronics and Communication Engineering course fee ranges from INR 2-7 Lakhs per year based on the type of institution. 
  • The core BTech Electronics and Communication Engineering subjects cover Logic Design, Analog Electronic Circuits, Network Analysis, Microcontrollers, etc. 
  • The course is offered by top colleges such as Delhi Technological University, IIT Guwahati, NIT Trichy, etc, 

Read More: BTech Electronics and Communication Engineering

6. BTech Chemical Engineering

BTech Chemical Engineering is a specialisation in Bachelor of Technology that focuses on training students on the theoretical and technical aspects of Chemical Engineering such as the mechanism of converting chemical compounds and developing instruments. 

  • The BTech Chemical Engineering fees range from INR 3-9 Lakhs per year in India.
  • The core BTech Chemical Engineering subjects are Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Organic Chemistry, Process Heat transfer, etc.
  •  The BTech Chemical Engineering course is offered by top colleges such as IIT Hyderabad, IIT Mumbai, IIT Madras, BHU, etc. 

Read More: BTech Chemical Engineering

7. BTech Aerospace Engineering

The BTech Aerospace Engineering course aims at equipping students with the knowledge and skills related to aircraft design, development, and maintenance. 

  • The BTech Aerospace Engineering course fee ranges from INR 2-5 Lakhs per year.
  • The core BTech Aerospace Engineering subjects cover Engineering Mechanics, Elements of Aeronautics, Basic Strength of Materials, Aircraft Structure, etc, 
  • Top colleges such as MIT, LPU, UPES, and Amity University offer BTech Aerospace Engineering in India.

Read More: BTech Aerospace Engineering

8. BTech Information Technology

BTech Information Technology course focuses on training the students on the relevant domain knowledge and skills related to computer science, programming, data structures, artificial intelligence, etc.

  • The BTech Information Technology fees range from INR 50,000 - 6,00,000 Per Year.
  • BTech IT subjects cover Computer Communication Networks, Data Structures through C, Digital Electronics, Concepts of Databases, etc. 
  • Top colleges in India such as NIT Surathkal, Anna University, Delhi Technical University, etc offer BTech IT courses.

Read More: BTech Information Technology

9. BTech Automobile Engineering

BTech Automobile Engineering courses enable students with the industry-required knowledge related to automobile designing, development, and maintenance. 

  • The BTech Automobile Engineering fees range from INR 2-5 Lakhs per year.
  • BTech Automobile Engineering course covers subjects such as Manufacturing and Assembly Drawing Machines and Mechanism, Fluid Mechanics, Design of Automotive Components, Automotive Engine Systems, etc, 
  • Top Colleges such as Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Manipal Institute of Technology, Amity University, etc offer BTech Automobile Engineering courses.

Read More: BTech Automobile Engineering

10. BTech Biotechnology 

BTech Biotechnology course equips the students with theoretical and practical knowledge in subjects related to genomics, nanobiotechnology, plant and animal cancer cell signaling, neurobiology, etc.

  • BTech Biotechnology course fees range from INR 25,000 - 2,50,000 per year
  • The course covers subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, Engineering Mechanics, Bio-analytical Techniques, Sensors and Measuring Techniques, etc,
  • Top Colleges such as VIT, NIT Rourkela, Thapar University, Anna University, etc offer BTech Biotechnology courses in India

Read More: BTech Biotechnology

In addition to the well-known specializations mentioned above, various colleges in India offer a range of other BTech courses. Following are some of the other BTech Courses List in India:

B.Tech Specialization

Top Universities

BTech Fees Per Year

BTech Genetic Engineering

SRM University, Bharath University, Aryabhatta Knowledge University

INR 5.0- 14.0 Lakhs

BTech Marine Engineering

Tolani Maritime Institute, International Maritime Academy, Institute of Technology and Marine Engineering

INR 2.56 -12 Lakhs

BTech Petroleum Engineering

IIT Kharagpur, IIT Dhanbad, Anna University

INR 1.34 - 10.36 Lakhs

BTech Nanotechnology

IIT Madras, IIT Bombay, IIT Roorkee

INR 2.15 - 9.50 Lakhs

BTech Artificial Intelligence

IIT Hyderabad, Chandigarh University, Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology

INR 1.5 -14 Lakhs

BTech Plastic Engineering

CIPET Ahmedabad, CIPET Chennai, IPT Lucknow

INR 50K- 2.0 Lakhs

BTech Agricultural Engineering

College of Technology, TN Agricultural University, CAET

INR 50K- 2.0 Lakhs

BTech Food Technology

Jamia Hamdard University, Amity University, Anna University

INR 12K - 5.0 Lakhs

BTech Environmental Engineering

Sharda University, NMIMS, Kerala University

INR 30K - 8.0 Lakhs

BTech Bioinformatics

DY Patil School of Engineering and Technology, VIT Vellore, Jagannath University

INR 1.5-3.7 Lakhs

BTech LLB

NALSAR University of Law, UPES Dehradun, Amity University

INR 40k - 4.0 Lakhs

BTech Mechatronics

SRM Engineering College, Sastra University, Manipal Institute of Technology

INR 50K - 6.0 Lakhs

BTech Data Science

Hindustan University, Netaji Subhas University of Technology, Gurugram University

INR 2-4 Lakhs

BTech Cyber Security

IIT Roorkee, IIT Kanpur, IIT Delhi

INR 1.0 - 2.5 Lakhs

BTech Dairy Technology

Parul University, Apex University, Sandip University

INR 2-5 Lakhs

BTech Software Engineering

SRM Engineering College, CV Raman Global University, Delhi Technical University

INR 2-4 Lakhs

BTech Aeronautical Engineering

IIT Madras, IIT Bombay, IIT Kharagpur

INR 50K-5.0 Lakhs

BTech Applied Electronics and Instrumentation

BITS Pilani, Anna University, St.Joseph College of Engineering

INR 70K-2.0 Lakhs

BTech Mining Engineering

IIT Kharagpur, NIT Surathkal, UPES

INR 48K-2.6 Lakhs

BTech Biomedical Engineering

IIT Delhi, IIT Hyderabad, Amity University

INR 47K-3.2 Lakhs

BTech Information Science and Engineering

NIT Trichy, NIT Calicut, Jamia Millia Islamia

INR 40K-2.0 Lakhs

BTech Safety and Fire Engineering

Chandigarh University, Jain University, Chitkara University

INR 1-3 Lakhs

BTech Biomedical Instrumentation

SRM University, MIT Manipal, Lovely Professional University

INR 50K-3.2 Lakhs

BTech Industrial Engineering and Management

Jadavpur University, BITS Pilani, Thapar University

INR 1.5-2.4 Lakhs

BTech Petrochemical Engineering

IIT Madras, IIT Bombay, Anna University

INR 60K-2.5 Lakhs

BTech Medical Electronics

Amity University, Manipal Institute of Technology, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology

INR 10K-1.5 Lakhs

BTech Engineering Physics

IIT Madras, IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay

INR 66K-2.2 Lakhs

BTech Textile Engineering

PSG College of Technology, ICT Mumbai, Anna University

INR 1.6-2.25 Lakhs

BTech Architecture Engineering

IIT Madras, NIT Trichy, IIT Kharagpur

INR 53K -6.4 Lakhs

BTech Food Science and Technology

Amity University, Panjab University, Chandigarh University

INR 40K-5.0 Lakhs

How to Choose the Right B.Tech Specialization?

Choosing the right BTech branch could be a challenging part for students aspiring to pursue BTech courses. Here are some pointers on how to choose a BTech branch that could help the candidates make the right and informed decision 

  1. Know the BTech courses list - Getting to know the list of BTech specializations being offered in universities and colleges and the average fee structure will help the candidate to research further on the top colleges
  2. Research- Research on the future and current trend of the BTech branches of the candidate’s interest to narrow down the list further
  3. Placement Opportunities - Figure out the BTech branches that yield the best placement package for the candidates

Also, Check: BTech Fees in India

Admission Process for BTech Specializations

The BTech admission process is similar for all the BTech Specializations. The admission process takes place either based on the merit score or entrance examination score such as JEE Main, JEE  Advanced, OJEE, BITSAT, etc. 

The admission process for B.Tech specializations typically involves the following key steps:

  • Eligibility Criteria: The candidate must ensure that they meet the eligibility criteria for admission into BTech courses.
  • Entrance Exam: The candidate must register and apply for the entrance examination based on the college of their choice. 
  • Application Submission: Candidates can submit their application either online or offline based on the college of their choice.
  • Counselling or Interview: Once the merit list is out, the candidate will be called for counseling or group discussion. 
  • Document Verification and Fee Payment: The candidates can further proceed with the document verification and fee payment.

Read More: BTech Admission Process

Top Colleges Offering BTech Specialization

In India, there are around 4500 engineering colleges that offer BTech courses. The BTech courses are offered by government, private and government-aided colleges across the country. The fee range for BTech courses varies as per the specialization. Given below are the top colleges in India for the best B.Tech specialization:

Top BTech Computer Science Engineering Colleges

BTech Computer Science Engineering course is offered by top colleges such as IIT Madras, IIT Delhi, IIT Mumbai, Anna University, etc. The average BTech CSE fees range from INR 60,000 - to 5,00,000 Per Year

Tabulated below are the top BTech CSE colleges and the fee details:

Name of the College

BTech CSE Fees Per Year

IIT Madras

INR 2,10,000

IIT Delhi

INR 2,35,000

IIT Kharagpur

INR 2,23,000

IIT Mumbai

INR 2,18,000

Parul University

INR 86,000

Read More: Top BTech Computer Science Engineering Colleges

Top BTech Mechanical Engineering Colleges

The BTech Mechanical Engineering courses are offered by both private and government institutions such as IIT Madras, IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, etc. Listed below are the top BTech Mechanical Engineering colleges in India along with their fee details:

Name of the College

BTech Mechanical Engineering Fees Per Year

IIT Madras

INR 2,04,650

IIT Delhi

INR 2,20,300

IIT Bombay

INR 2,28,000

BITS Pilani

INR 5,00,000-5,75,000

NIT Durgapur

INR 1,49,000

Read More: Top BTech Mechanical Engineering Colleges

Top BTech Electrical Engineering Colleges

BTech Electrical Engineering course is offered by prestigious institutions such as IIT Madras, Anna University, IIT Kharagpur, etc. Listed below are the BTech Electrical Engineering colleges and their average fee details:

Name of the College

BTech Electrical Engineering Fees Per Year

IIT Madras

INR 2,10,000

IIT Delhi

INR 2,30,000

IIT Kharagpur

INR 2,23,000

Anna University

INR 61,000

Jadavpur University

INR 1,00,000

Top BTech Civil Engineering Colleges

The BTech Civil Engineering colleges in India are Delhi Technological University, IIT Madras, NIT Rourkela, etc. Listed below are the top BTech Civil Engineering colleges in India and their average fee details:

Name of the College

BTech Civil Engineering Fees Per Year

IIT Madras

INR 1,25,000

IIT Delhi

INR 2,20,000

IIT Bombay

INR 2,00,000

DTU

INR 1,50,000

BHU

INR 1,25,000

Read More: Top BTech Civil Engineering Colleges

Top BTech Electronics and Communication Engineering Colleges

BTech Electronics and Communication Engineering course is offered by top colleges such as IIT Kharagpur, IIT Roorkee, IIT Hyderabad, etc. Listed below are the top colleges in India offering BTech ECE and their average fee detail:

Name of the College

BTech ECE Fees Per Year

IIT Roorkee

INR 2,21,000

IIT Hyderabad

INR 2,14,000

IIT Kharagpur

INR 78,000

VIT Vellore

INR 2,55,000

NIT Trichy

INR 1,25,000

Read More: Top BTech Electronics and Communication Engineering Colleges

Jobs and Salary Based on Top B.Tech Specializations

The BTech jobs and salary vary based on the specialization, type of course, experience, domain knowledge, location, etc. The average BTech salary ranges from INR 2.5-6 LPA. BTech CSE is among the top specializations with the highest salary ranges from INR 4-10 LPA in job roles such as Junior Software Developer, UI/UX Designer, Web Designer, etc.

Listed below is the BTech job and salary based on various specializations.

Highest Paying BTech Specialization in India

In India, some of the highest-paying BTech Specializations are Computer Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering and Civil Engineering. Listed below is the BTech specialization list and their average salary details:

B.Tech Specializations

Job Offered

Average Annual Salary

BTech Aeronautical Engineering

Technical Specialist, Aviation Specialist, Design Engineer

INR 4-12 LPA

BTech Automobile Engineering

Automobile Designer, Process Engineer, Production Engineer

INR 5-10 LPA

BTech Biotechnology

Drug Safety Associate, Quality Assurance Engineer, Biomedical Engineer

INR 3-8 LPA

BTech Civil Engineering

Civil Engineer, Structural Engineer, Structural Design Engineer, Project Manager

INR 3-8 LPA

BTech Computer Science and Engineering

Software Engineer, Software Developer, Programmer

INR 3-9 LPA

BTech Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Electrical Engineer, Software Engineer, Senior Software Engineer, Senior Electrical Engineer

INR 3-8 LPA

BTech Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineer, Design Engineer, Mechanical Design Engineer

INR 4-7 LPA

BTech Electronics and Communication

Software Developer, Systems Engineer - IT, Network Engineer, Sr. Software Engineer

INR 3-6 LPA

BTech Robotics and Automation Engineering

Robotics Engineer, Design Engineer, Software Development Engineer

INR 4-10 LPA

BTech Software Engineering

System Analyst, Software Engineer, IT Sales Manager

INR 3-5 LPA

BTech Biochemical Engineering

Field Service Engineer, Healthcare Product Manager, Associate Business Analyst

INR 3-9 LPA

BTech Genetic Engineering

Medical Writer, Production Control Analyst, Research Scientist, Technical Writer

INR 2-10 LPA

BTech Marine Engineering

Nautical Engineer, Project Engineer, Navigation and Shipment Engineer, 

INR 2-7 LPA

BTech Petroleum Engineering

Reservoir Engineer, Process Engineer, Business Consultant, Senior Project Engineer, 

INR 3-7 LPA

BTech Nanotechnology

Application Engineer, Holography and Optics Technician, Design Engineer

INR 3-6 LPA

BTech Artificial Intelligence

Data Interpreter, Data Analyst, Data Information Scientist

INR 4-10 LPA

BTech Plastic Engineering

Plastic Design Engineer, Product Developer, Process Engineer

INR 1-6 LPA

BTech Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural Managers, Research Analysts, Agronomists

INR 5-7 LPA

Read More: Jobs Scope of B.Tech in India

Top Recruiters for BTech Specialization

BTech graduates are hired by various public and private sector companies such as Wipro, Cipla, Nestle, BNY Mellon, Accenture, etc. Listed below are the top recruiters for BTech graduates based on top specialisation:

Specialization

Hiring Companies

BTech Computer Science Engineering

Cognizant, Wipro, TCS, IBM, Accenture

BTech Electrical Engineering

Reliance Industries, L&T, Siemens, Schneider Electric

BTech Mechanical Engineering

Tata Motors, Ford India, Larsen & Toubro

BTech Electronics and Communication Engineering

Qualcomm, Ericsson, Intel

BTech Civil Engineering

Tata Projects, Gammon India, Simplex Infrastructure

Also, Check: B.Tech Placements

BTech Fee Structure

FAQs

Which is the best specialisation in BTech?

The top 5 BTech specialisations are Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Computer Science, Aerospace Engineering and Civil Engineering based on their placement package and career prospects.

Which BTech branch has the best career prospects?

B.Tech. CSE, BTech AI and ML and BTech ECE are the most in-demand specialisations as they offer unique job opportunities and hold immense potential for career advancement.

Which branch of BTech has the highest salary?

BTech CSE has the highest salary ranging from INR 10-70 LPA with 3-5 years of experience in the software industry.

Which is the easiest branch in B Tech?

BTech Architecture Engineering, BTech Agricultural Engineering and BTech Environmental Engineering are considered the easiest branch of BTech

What are the eligibility criteria for BTech specializations?

The candidate must have completed 10+2 with atleast 50% aggregate marks with PCM or PCB from any recognized board or institution. The candidate must also qualify with the required cut-off in entrance examinations such as JEE, JEE Advanced, BITSAT, OJEE, etc. as per the college admission criteria.

Can I change my BTech specialization after admission?

Yes, most colleges and universities allow the candidates to change their specialization based on the minimum CGPA as fixed by the college

Are there scholarships available for BTech specializations?

Yes, scholarships are offered by various colleges and organizations almost for all BTech specializations based on certain criteria such as the CGPA, merit score, annual income, etc.

Which BTech branch is best for a career in artificial intelligence?

For a successful career in Artificial Intelligence, candidate can choose a BTech specialization such as BTech in Artificial Intelligence, BTech Artificial Intelligence and Data Science, BTech Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning and BTech Computer Science Engineering

What are the differences between BTech and BE specializations?

BTech specialisation varies from BE specialization as it focuses exclusively on the practical aspects of the branch whereas BE specialization focuses majorly on the traditional concepts with scientific and engineering applications.

Are there any emerging BTech branches or specializations?

Yes, BTech specializations such as BTech Chemical Engineering, BTech Robotics and Artificial Intelligence, BTech Electronics, BTech Aeronautical Engineering, and BTech Automobile Engineering are emerging BTech specializations.

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