B.Tech Mechanical engineering is a 4-year undergraduate course and is a branch of engineering that deals with the design, development, building, simulation, and control of machines. Graduates of this course have a wide variety of opportunities in this technology-driven world. Mechanical engineers primarily work in domains such as the manufacturing, assembling, and R&D industries.

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Course Details

Degree Bachelors
Full Form Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical Engineering
Duration Course Duration of Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Mechanical Engineering) is 4 Years.
Age No age limit
Minimum Percentage 45%-50% in 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects
Subjects Required Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
Average Fees Incurred INR 4 - 10 Lakhs
Average Salary Offered INR 3.4 LPA [Source: Payscale]
Employment Roles Mechanical Engineer, Design Engineer, Mechanical Design Engineer, Project Engineer, Production Engineer, etc.

About B.Tech Mechanical Engineering 

According to Oxford Languages, mechanical engineering is “the branch of engineering dealing with the design, construction, and use of machines.” It is a versatile engineering branch that contributes to improving the lifestyle and mechanics of the world. 

Mechanical engineering subjects like automotive systems, fluid mechanics, production technology, robotics, and automation are highly knowledge-based modules that prepare the students to develop products based on engineering analysis and technology. Mechanical engineering graduates have diverse job scope and a rewarding career.

Mechanical engineers use basic technologies along with tools like computer-aided design and product lifecycle management to:

  • Design and analyze manufacturing plants
  • Industrial equipment and machinery
  • Heating and cooling systems
  • Transport systems
  • Building aircraft parts
  • Watercraft
  • Robotics
  • Medical devices
  • Weapons and others

Table of Contents

Eligibility Criteria for B.Tech Mechanical Engineering

For admission in a college of their choice, in B.Tech Mechanical Engineering, students must ensure that they are aware of the eligibility criteria for courses.The students should have passed 10+2 with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) as compulsory subjects. Students should have secured a minimum aggregate of 45-50% in their board exams post which they are required to qualify any one of the national/state level entrance exams to get admitted for B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering. The minimum age limit for the course is 17 years.

How To Get Admission for B.Tech Mechanical Engineering?

Admission to BTech Mechanical Engineering course is done in two ways. Students are taken in through merit quota based on their scores in national and state-wise entrance exams. The cut off for these would vary based on the college one chooses, the category they belong to, etc. Students are also admitted to private colleges through management quota, seats of which are limited in numbers.So after the students have attended the entrance examination and the results are declared, universities and colleges will be announcing their cut-off to start with the admission process. The course falls under the umbrella of B.Tech and therefore, follows a similar admission procedure. Though the admission process varies from college to college, below mentioned are the steps that one should go through generally to get admission:

How to Apply? 

Most colleges are taking their admission process entirely online, especially considering the COVID situation. Students are required to visit the official website of the colleges they are interested in and start the application process by giving out their name, phone number, email address, course they are interested in, etc. For offline registration, the students must visit the respective college and fill out the application form by attaching the required documents.

Selection Process

Once the application is accepted, based on the college, there might be a final round of group discussion or personal interview before confirmation of admission.

Engineering is one of the highly pursued courses by students across the country. As a primary screening process, there are national and state-level entrance exams in India. The students who have completed their higher secondary education with physics, chemistry, and mathematics as compulsory subjects are eligible to take part in these entrance exams. 

The entrance exams for B.Tech Mechanical Engineering are generic and are not based on the specialization that one would like to opt for during the course of B.Tech. Students can choose the colleges they would like to get admitted to based on their entrance exam scores. Some of the most popular engineering entrance exams are listed below:

A Quick Glance at the B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Entrance Exams

The eligibility criteria of the above-mentioned entrance exams are entirely dependent on the conduction body; hence it varies. Below listed are some of the similarities between the popular engineering entrance examinations :

  • The exam pattern includes logical, reasoning, and knowledge-based questions. The mode of the test will be both online and offline.
  • The papers would be objective, and questions asked will be from physics, chemistry, and mathematics.
  • The duration of the test is two-three hours approximately depending on the conducting body.
  • The exam will be offline, OMR sheet based paper, or online.
  • The syllabus, mode of examination, and question pattern may change according to a university/conduction body.

Top 10 B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Colleges in India 

Below is the list of the 10 best B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Colleges in the country according to NIRF:

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Colleges in India
NIRF Ranking Top colleges for B.Tech Mechanical Engineering
1 IIT Madras
2 IIT Delhi
3 IIT Bombay
4 IIT Kharagpur
5 IIT Kanpur
7 IIT Guwahati
25 IIT Ropar
26 IIT Patna
30 BITS Pilani
35 MIT Manipal

Fee Structure for B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering 

The course fees for B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering may vary based on colleges. The fees differ based on college infrastructure and facilities. The average course fees range from INR 4-10 Lakhs. The fees can be paid semester wise, and in some cases, it’s supposed to be yearly.

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Fees Structure
S.No College Fee Structure
1 Indian Institute of Technology, Madras INR 9.1 Lakhs
2 Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur INR 8.38 Lakhs
3 Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur INR 9.14 Lakhs
4 Indian Institute of Technology, Patna INR 8 Lakhs
5 Manipal Institute of technology, Manipal INR 16 Lakhs

Syllabus and Subjects for B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering course comprises a choice based credit system where the students can opt for their elective subjects. The course includes a structured pattern of core, elective,lab subjects and projects. After referring to the curriculum and syllabus of BTech Mechanical Engineering of various universities, we have listed below the generic syllabus which will be covered during the course:

  • Strength of Materials
  • Fluid Mechanics 
  • Thermal Engineering
  • Engineering Drawing 
  • Mechatronics 
  • Turbomachines 
  • Thermodynamics
  • Heat Transfer
  • Control Systems
  • Power Plant Engineering 

Read More on B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Syllabus and Subjects

Why Choose B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering? 

The answer to “Why choose B.Tech Mechanical Engineering?” can be made simpler by breaking it down to the following three short questions:

What is B.Tech Mechanical Engineering All About?

BTech Mechanical Engineering course is a four-year long undergraduate course. The course structure is built on the principles of science and math and other engineering subjects, including fluid mechanics, product design, thermodynamics, control, and product design. The syllabus also includes courses like communication, business, social science, and other technical subjects. Overall, the course prepares the aspirants with a strong knowledge of mechanics to solve engineering and scientific problems, and it involves specialized training and learning of skills for analysis.

What Does a Mechanical Engineer Do?

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering students have various job opportunities to pursue, and some of the most common functional areas include technology and the automobile industry. Now, let's dive deep into the standard functions:

Research and Development: Coming up with discoveries and solutions to human needs and improving older methods.

Designing Product: Mechanical engineer designs products that are based on mechanical motion, and it includes the act of developing products that range from gasoline-powered engines, automobiles, biomedical devices, aircraft engines, and other machinery. 

Systems Management: This involves acquiring the skill for analyzing & problem-solving to handle everyday engineering challenges with keen technical supervision of large systems.

Marketing: Distributing the products through channels, cost structuring, modifying or determining the need for the modification or redeveloping the product and checking the product availability, and delivering the electrical power.

Reasons Why Mechanical Engineering Can Fetch You a Rewarding Career?

Demand: Since the industrial revolution, we are heavily dependent on machines to make our lives easier. As a result, there is a huge demand for mechanical engineers who can create compelling visual simulations and design, build, and test them, which reduces product development cycles and cost to the company.

Decent Salary and Job Growth: According to Payscale, the average salary of a B.Tech Mechanical Engineer in India is 3.4 LPA, and the highest package is 9.8 LPA, which is dependent on the experience of the employee. 

Apart from this are enormous opportunities for B.Tech Mechanical Engineers in countries like Canada, New Zealand, Japan, Switzerland, China, etc.

Read More on B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Jobs

Preparation Tips for B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering

Below are some preparation tips made by our experts for aspirants who want to pursue B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering :

Know the Syllabus: Get to know the syllabus in advance will help students focus on important areas during the lectures and examinations.

Make a Plan: Students should have a concrete study plan that will help them to study according to the syllabus and cover it before exams.

Strengthen Your Fundamentals: The course requires the student to be more focused on the basics of physics and mathematics to grasp the concepts quickly. So brush up on basics from 10+1 and 10+2 textbooks.

Scope For Higher Education 

Mechanical engineering graduates who aspire to pursue higher education have plenty of options to choose, starting from short-term courses to post-graduation. They can also choose to do a diploma/ certification in CAD, pipe engineering, etc., or pursue full-time/part-time masters in technical or business fields. 

If one aims to pursue M.Tech in Mechanical Engineering, they can appear for entrance exams like GATE, OJEE, IPU CET, SRMJEEE PG, etc. Some of the other courses to pursue after B.Tech Mechanical Engineering are:

  • MBA Operational Management
  • MBA Project Management
  • Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering
  • M.Phil Mechanical Engineering
  • M.Tech Mechatronics
  • M.Tech in Manufacturing Engineering

Salary of a B.Tech Mechanical Engineer

According to Payscale, the average salary of a B.Tech Engineer is 3.4 LPA in India. This value varies depending on the city, years of experience, the job role, etc.

According to Times of India, a B.Tech Mechanical Engineering graduate can earn somewhere between INR 1.5 - 8 LPA handling the roles such as Project Engineer, Design Mechanical Engineer, etc.

Read More on B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Salary

Career Options After B.Tech Mechanical Engineering

After completing B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering, an individual can work both in public and private sectors depending on their preferences.

Listed below are the popular industries that employ mechanical engineering:

  • Shipping Industries
  • Auto-Mobile Industries
  • Steel Plant 
  • Thermal Plant
  • Robotics
  • Aerospace Industries

Listed below are the public sectors that offer employment for mechanical engineers in India.

  • Indian Railways
  • Indian Armed Forces
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
  • State Wise Road Transport board
  • Indian Oil Corporation (IOC)
  • BHEL, and many more.

Skills That Make You The Best Mechanical Engineer

Most industries use machines; hence, mechanical engineers are required not only for managing the functioning and maintenance of devices but also to reduce the production cycle and, therefore, the cost.

Mechanical Engineers can get into government and private enterprises such as railways, defense, etc. Some of the skills that make will make one the best mechanical engineer are listed below:

  • Commercial Awareness
  • Team Working Skills
  • Verbal Communication Skills
  • Written Communication Skills
  • Creativity
  • Problem-Solving Skills
  • The Ability to Work Under Pressure
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Technical Skills

Frequently Asked Questions


Can I take direct admission for Mechanical Engineering?

It depends on colleges. Some colleges accept admissions without any entrance exams.


What can I do after completion of B.Tech Mechanical Engineering?

You can start doing the job or you can pursue a higher degree in M.Tech and MBA.


Why is mechanical engineering considered a royal branch?

Mechanical Engineering is one of the oldest branches in the engineering circuits along with civil engineering and electrical engineering. The department of Mechanical keenly focuses and encourage engineers on research involving the areas of Materials, Tribology, Thermal Engineering, and Fluid Mechanics. These are required for every domain in today's world, which provides numerous opportunities to the graduates of this course. Thus it is considered the Royal Branch.


What are the Career prospects like for Mechanical Engineers?

Employment prospects for mechanical engineers are very good because engineering graduates and apprentices are in high demand. Engineering companies are expected to have 2.74 million jobs opening of which 1.86 million will be roles requiring engineering skills.


What makes mechanical engineering interesting?

Mechanical engineers are just not as versatile or multi-talented people because they have a proficient degree in hand but also occupational knowledge in various fields such as mathematics, electricity, computer application and so on.


What subjects and qualifications do I need to become a mechanical engineer?

For most university courses in engineering, math and physics A-levels are required. For apprenticeships, good GCSEs in maths and science are needed

See Various Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Mechanical Engineering) Colleges in India

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