M.Phil is a two-year postgraduate academic research degree that deals with aspects of human life and beliefs with inputs from technology and research. An aspirant can pursue an MPhil degree in various specializations such as biotechnology, commerce, botany, English, mathematics, history, Tamil, sociology, computer science, economics, etc. After completing the M.Phil course, students will have various job opportunities such as Teacher, Speaker, Social Service Worker, Editor, Research Assistant, Consultant, Assistant Professor, Scientist, etc. According to Payscale, the average M.Phil salary in India is INR 4.92 LPA.
|Full Form||Master of Philosophy|
|Duration||Course Duration of Master of Philosophy [M.Phil] is 2 Years.|
|Age||No age limit|
|Subjects Required||Completed M.Com / MIB / MHROD / MFC / MBA / M.Sc / MA or equivalent|
|Average Fees Incurred||INR 2,000 to 1 LPA|
|Average Salary Offered||INR 4.92 LPA [Source: PayScale]|
|Employment Roles||Assistant Professor, Postsecondary / Higher Education, Research Scientist, Quality Control Analyst, Project Manager - Software Development, Psychologist, High School Teacher etc.|
|Placement Opportunities||Sigma Aldrich Corp, Scientific Publishing Services, High Schools, Colleges and various other Institutions.|
M.Phil Latest Updates:
Merriam Webster defines Philosophy as ‘a discipline comprising its core logic, aesthetics, ethics, metaphysics, and epistemology.’
M.Phil course duration is 2 years and is an ideal course for candidates who want to pursue careers as Lecturer, Teacher, Research Assistant, Assistant Professor, Scientist, Editor, etc. M.Phil full form is Master of Philosophy. Therefore, the structure of the curriculum is orchestrated in a manner to comprehensively provide students with the best theoretical, practical outlook inculcated with research findings. M.Phil over 4 semesters focuses on various core and elective subjects. Some of the core subjects are Philosophical Foundations of the Subject, Study of Relevant Discipline to the subject of study, Analysis and Domain Study, Review of Origin and Development of the Subject, etc.
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M.Phil eligibility for admission requires students to complete their master's degree with a minimum mark of 55% from any recognized institution. There is no age limit for the candidates when applying for the M.Phil course. Along with basic M.Phil eligibility criteria, some institutions conduct an M.Phil entrance exam for the selection process. Students need to provide a sound performance in the M.Phil entrance exam to be eligible for admission.
To be eligible for MPhil admission, students must ensure they satisfy the basic eligibility criteria. The selection process for MPhil courses can be based on two ways. While some colleges offer MPhil admission based on merit, others conduct an entrance exam for the same. In certain government colleges, there may be a quota for the selection of candidates for admission into the M.Phil course. Application for the M.Phil admission process may be availed from the college portal or by directly visiting the college admissions office. The details of the Mphil admission 2021 process are listed below:
MPhil course details can be availed by the candidate by visiting the college website through which the aspirant can begin their application process. Along with applying through the online mode, the aspirants of 2 years M.Phil courses duration can also apply offline by visiting the admissions office of the respective institution. Students applying for the M.Phil course, either offline or online mode are required to provide all the valid documents to verify themselves for the admissions process. After the submission of the application, students will receive further correspondence from the college.
The selection criteria for MPhil admissions 2021 in some colleges are conducting a personal interview round for candidates having the basic eligibility criteria. Various other colleges conduct the M.Phil entrance exam in addition to the basic eligibility criteria to ensure they selected the best suitable candidate with the comprehensive knowledge and skill set. For the entrance-based selection process, admissions are strictly offered to candidates who pass a particular M.Phil entrance exam such as MPhil Entrance Test, JNUEE, CUCET, BHU RET, UGC NET, GATE, etc. The admit card and other relevant details are published on the college website beforehand. Students can view their admission results on the college portal or receive them via email.
M.Phil is a full form of master of Philosophy. M.Phil is a 2 years research-based postgraduate degree course offered to candidates who wish to pursue a career in research or teaching.
After the completion of their Master’s Degree candidates can start their M.Phil programs.
NEP 2020 has proposed to phase out the M.Phil degree, but the course remains popular amongst the candidates who want to pursue research courses after the completion of the postgraduate degree. The course can be pursued either as a full-time course or as a distance or part-time correspondence course by the working professionals.
A full-time M.Phil is a two-year research course that can be pursued by the candidates after the completion of their post-graduate degree.
The MPhil duration in India is 2 years and divided into 4 semesters. There are various options available in the M.Phil course that students can pursue following their professional needs. M.Phil is either structured on a research-based or coursework-based structure with emphasis given on research findings and establishing a pedagogy in both theoretical and practical frameworks. Students are moulded with a research-oriented skill set that prepares them for various research-based and academic roles and also industrial demands. An M.Phil course is available at almost every private and public institution in India making it very easily accessible to students. Listed below are some of the top M.Phil courses offered to students in India:
This M.Phil is a nine-month course that can be done from October to June. It is directed by the Cambridge Digital Humanities with links across a wide range of faculties and units at Cambridge.M.Phil Courses in Humanities:
|M.Phil History||M.Phil Economics||M.Phil Linguistics|
|M.Phil English||M.Phil in Geography||M.Phil in Sociology|
|M.Phil in Political Science||M.Phil Hindi||M.Phil Public Administration|
|M.Phil in Humanities & Social Science||M.Phil in Human Development Studies||M.Phil Social Work|
|M.Phil in Applied and Regional Economics||M.Phil + PhD in Arts|
It is a postgraduate course whose duration is a minimum of one year. It is an intermediate degree between a master's and doctorate. Given below are some of the popular M.Phil courses in Science:
|M.Phil in Biology||M.Phil in Chemistry||M.Phil Physics|
|M.Phil in Life Sciences||M.Phil Biotechnology||M.Phil Botany|
|M.Phil in Computer Science||M.Phil in Zoology||M.Phil in Clinical Psychology|
|M.Phil in Mathematical Sciences||M.Phil Degree in Aquatic Biology and Fisheries|
Commerce courses at UG, PG and PhD levels. Bachelor’s and Master’s degree courses are available for both times. Certificate courses such as CA, CS, and CFA are also available in part-time mode and are very popular Commerce courses in India.
M.Phil is usually done in a relevant subject in which students have done their Masters. Following are a few of the popular M.Phil specializations done in India:
M.Phil in Psychology is a postgraduate course which is of 1 -2 years. However, the M.Phil Duration can be extended by another 1 year. This course helps to understand the human mind and behaviour on an advanced level.
The course M.Phil in Psychology covers subjects such as social development, human development and its effect on the environment, etc.
|Admission Process||Merit-based or Entrance-Based.|
|Entrance Examination||JNUEE, UGC NET, GATE, etc|
|Top Colleges||Savitribai Phule Pune University, University of Madras, etc.|
|Syllabus||Philosophy of research, Psychotherapy, Psychological testing A, etc|
|Average Course Fee||INR 2,000 – 2 LPA|
|Average Salary||INR 3 LPA – 8 LPA|
|Job Profiles||Child psychologist, Psychologist, Psychology consultant, etc.|
M.Phil in English is a 2 years postgraduate course for students who want to attain comprehensive knowledge of the English language and literature. M.Phil in English include subjects like Elizabethan, Jacobean, etc.
|Admission Process||Merit-based or Entrance-Based.|
|Entrance Examination||RET, UGC NET, GATE, etc|
|Top Colleges||The University of Hyderabad, Calcutta University and Mumbai University|
|Syllabus||Mechanics of Research, Critical Essays, etc|
|Average Course Fee||INR 10,000 - INR 2 LPA|
|Average Salary||INR 48 LPA|
|Job Profiles||Assistant Professor, News Writer / Editor, etc|
A Master of Philosophy in Management is a one-year postgraduate degree in the management field. Candidates who have passed the master's degree with 55% can register for the course.
These course details are given below:
|Admission Process||Merit-based or Entrance-Based.|
|Entrance Examination||UGC NET, GATE, CUCET etc|
|Top Colleges||RKDF University, DY Patil University, CMJ University.|
|Syllabus||Advances in Management, Strategic Management, etc|
|Average Course Fee||INR 20,000 - INR 2 LPA|
|Average Salary||INR 5 LPA - INR 9 LPA|
|Job Profiles||Economist, Consultant In Management, etc|
M.Phil in Education is a one-year postgraduate that allows the candidates to understand research techniques, and a knowledge of the literature applicable to their specific educational domain.
M.Phil in Education include subjects Academic Writing, Content Analysis, etc.
|Entrance Examination||UGC NET, CUCET etc|
|Top Colleges||Annamalai University, Christ University, Savitribai Phule Pune.|
|Syllabus||Paradigms in Educational Research, Grounded Theory, Ethnography, etc|
|Average Course Fee||INR 80,000 PA|
|Average Salary||INR 5 LPA - INR 6 LPA|
|Job Profiles||Project Fellow, Project Officers, Guest Lecturer. etc|
M.Phil Economics is a postgraduate academic course for one year.
M.Phil in Economics includes subjects: Contemporary Economic Issues, Issues in Indian Economy, etc.
|Entrance Examination||UGC NET, SLET etc|
|Top Colleges||Jamia Millia Islamia, Mumbai University, etc.|
|Syllabus||Econometric Methods, Probability Distribution and Testing of Hypothesis, Etc|
|Average Course Fee||INR 1 LPA|
|Average Salary||INR 5LPA - INR 6 LPA|
|Job Profiles||Economist, Assistant Professor, Risk Advisor, etc.|
M.Phil in Clinical Psychology is a two years postgraduate course that would enable us to understand human psychology, which affects the mood, behaviour, and emotional states of a human being.
M.Phil in Clinical Psychology subjects are Biological Foundations of Behavior, Behavioral Medicine, etc
|Admission Process||Merit or entrance based|
|Entrance Examination||BHU RET, CUCET, NPAT, AMU Entrance Exams|
|Top Colleges||Government Medical and college, Chandigarh, etc|
|Average Course Fee||INR 25 LPA - INR 20 LPA|
|Average Salary||INR 15 LPA - INR 4 LPA|
|Job Profiles||Clinical data analyst, Counseling officer, etc.|
Below are M.Phil Specializations for popular subjects:
|M.Phil (Physical Education)||M.Phil Sociology|
|M.Phil in Law||M.Phil Social Work|
|M.Phil Physics||M.Phil Math|
|M.Phil Computer Science||M.Phil Chemistry|
|M.Phil History||M.Phil in Sociology|
|M.Phil in Human Development Studies||M.Phil in Applied and Regional Economics|
|M.Phil in Life Sciences||M.Phil Botany|
|M.Phil Biotechnology||M.Phil Commerce|
|M.Phil in Human Development Studies||-|
For admissions into M.Phil in India, the basic M.Phil eligibility for most colleges is merit-based selection followed by a personal interview. However, most colleges conduct an entrance-based selection process to find the best suitable candidate for the M.Phil course. Students must prepare for the M.Phil entrance exam along all the lines of requirements. Aspirants should study closely the question paper pattern from previous years and prepare adequately. M.Phil entrance exam for various colleges in India is listed below:
MPhil full form is Master of Philosophy, which at the sound of it can be sometimes confusing for students to understand what the course offers. Questions such as ‘What is MPhil’ are common statements coming from aspirants that help them in understanding the course. Students should start preparing adequately by analyzing the M.Phil details such as previous years’ papers and their patterns. This ensures timely preparation for the entrance exams. Listed below is the standard pattern for the M.Phil entrance exam:
An M.Phil college is one of the most in-demand institutions in the country offering students a wide range of M.Phil course specializations and job opportunities. Listed below are the top M.Phil colleges in India:
|Sl no.||Name of the Institute|
|1.||Banaras Hindu University|
|3.||Maharshi Dayanand University|
|5.||Jawaharlal Nehru University|
|6.||Stella Maris College|
|7.||St. Xavier’s College|
|8.||University of Mumbai|
|10.||University of Calcutta|
The table below shows the top M.Phil colleges in Delhi:
|SI.No.||Top M.Sc Colleges in Delhi|
|1||Delhi School of Economics (DSE)|
|2||Jamia Hamdard University|
|4||Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)|
|5||Delhi University (DU)|
Read More: Top M.Phil Colleges in Delhi
The table below shows the top M.Phil colleges in Chennai:
|SI.No.||Top M.Sc Colleges in Chennai|
|1||Madras Christian College (MCC)|
|3||Stella Maris College|
|4||Women`s Christian College (WCC)|
|5||Anna Adarsh College for Women|
Read More: Top M.Phil Colleges in Chennai
The table below shows the top M.Phil colleges in Bangalore:
|SI.No.||Top M.Sc Colleges in Bangalore|
|3||MS Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences (MSRUAS)|
|4||Jyoti Nivas College (JNC)|
|5||National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS)|
Read More: Top M.Phil Colleges in Bangalore
The table below shows the top M.Phil colleges in Mumbai:
|SI.No.||Top M.Sc Colleges in Mumbai|
|1||L.S. Raheja College of Arts & Commerce (LSRCA)|
|2||KPB Hinduja College of Commerce|
|3||University of Mumbai (UM)|
|4||Ramniranjan Jhunjhunwala College (RJC)|
|5||Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI)|
Read More: Top M.Sc Colleges in Mumbai
Studying M.Phil courses in foreign countries is an excellent academic record. The candidates are required to pass their post-graduate level exam with a minimum percentage of 60-80% from a reputed university. Candidates are required to score 70% in higher secondary level exams with 65% in math and English.
The following are the some of the general details:
Candidates who want to study in the UK should keep in mind before applying for the M.Phil courses:
|College/University Names||Average Fees|
|Bournemouth University||INR 15 LPA - INR 17 LPA|
|University of Cambridge||INR 28 LPA - INR 37 LPA|
|University of London||INR 11 LPA - INR 16 LPA|
|University of Manchester||INR 20 LPA|
|University of Greenwich||INR 15 LPA|
|Oxford University||INR 25 LPA|
|University of Hull||INR 15 LPA - INR 17 LPA|
Candidates who want to study in Australia should keep this in mind before applying for the M.Phil course
|College/University Names||Average Fees|
|Australian National University||INR 2 LPA Per Term|
|James Cook University||INR 21 LPA - INR 22 LPA|
|Bond University||INR 2 LPA|
|Griffith University||INR 17 LPA|
|University of Sydney||INR 2 LPA|
|University of Melbourne||INR 2 LPA|
Candidates who want to study in New Zealand should keep this in mind before applying for the M.Phil course
|College Names||Average Fees|
|AUT University||INR 20 LPA|
|Massey University||INR 8-14 LPA|
|Victoria University of Wellington||INR 23 LPA|
|University of Waikato||INR 15 LPA.-INR 19 LPA|
The average MPhil course fees in India range from INR 2,000 to 1 LPA. The varying range of MPhil fees in colleges may depend on the institutional facilities, faculty, prestige, infrastructure as well as government quotas. Listed below is the MPhil admission fees structure for various colleges in India:
|Sl. No.||Name of the Institute||Total Fee Structure|
|1.||Calcutta University, Kolkata||INR 3,400 PA|
|2.||Lucknow University, Lucknow||INR 36,000 - 46,000 PA|
|3.||CUSAT, Kochi||INR 5,900 - 6,500 PA|
|4.||Rabindranath Tagore University, Bhopal||INR 54,200 PA|
|5.||TISS, Mumbai||INR 1.75 - 2 LPA|
|6.||Christ University, Bangalore||INR 30,000 PA|
The M.Phil course is orchestrated in a manner so that students get an answer to the question of ‘What is an M.Phil course?’ MPhil's full form is Master of Philosophy and as the same suggests, is concerned with an epistemological approach to the research-oriented syllabus. M.Phil's duration is 2 years divided into 4 semesters. Some of the popular subjects for M.Phil are listed below:
M.Phil is a philosophical approach to the comprehensive intricacies of human life and the study of existential beliefs. Research in the M.Phil course is carried out with help from past research inputs and technological help. M.Phil's full form is Master of Philosophy. The Master of Philosophy course is, therefore, concerned with providing its students with an epistemological approach to their area of research. Further career options in the field of research and academia are also available to M.Phil graduates in the form of a PhD. To understand ‘Why to Choose MPhil’, we can make it simpler by breaking it down into the next three questions:
M.Phil full form Master of Philosophy is a 2-year duration master's program that focuses on imparting a variety of key research and aptitude skills to students in the study of intricacies of human life and existing beliefs. M.Phil is purely a research-based degree and is based entirely on an independent thesis. The students are imparted with a variety of comprehensive research and management skills that prepares them for further studies such as a PhD and also to meet the demands of the job industry. The Master of Philosophy course aims to sculpt the graduates into individuals able to face real-world management problems or provide further research progress in the world of academia.
M.Phil can be one of the most fulfilling careers for a student with a variety of avenues available after graduation. There is a varying range of job roles that are available after the completion of the 2-year M.Phil course duration.
Research Assistant: The job of a research assistant includes carrying out experiments and research. They follow certain methodologies and protocols to give academic legitimacy to their research. Collection and logging of data, conducting statistical analysis, and providing open-ended conclusions are some of the features of a research assistant.
M.Phil has become one of the most lucrative career paths today because of the legitimacy it provides to the research ability of an individual. Industries and institutions lookout for individuals that have originality and can toil hard on individual prospects, and the M.Phil criteria ticks many of these boxes.
Research Oriented: Graduates of M.Phil go through a tedious process of conducting research and providing solutions to pain points over their 2-year duration. It enables a sense of legitimacy among recruiters who would want to hire an individual who had completed an MPhil. Research and management skills come in handy for career opportunities as their trust is built on their capability to finish a project within the speculated time.
Read More: M.Phil Jobs
Aspirants of the M.Phil course should prepare for the M.Phil entrance exam along all the lines of requirements. This requires going through a detailed process of analyzing the question papers from the previous years and trying to understand ‘What is M.Phil’ and its requirements. Listed below are some of the preparation tips for the M.Phil entrance exam:
Time Management: M.Phil requires a deep understanding of concepts by the individual. A well-timed preparation can only ensure that the students provide a sound performance.
Regular Practice: Students should complete all the syllabus portions required for M.Phil eligibility. This can be achieved only with regular practice during the full course of the preparation process.
Below is a course comparison between M.Phil and other courses.
A lot of students get confused about whether to opt directly for a PhD degree or get an M.Phil course first. Both are research-based degrees, PhD is for Doctorate qualification and M.Phil is of PG qualification. Following are the comparison shown to them:
|The main aim of the Study||To allow a student to master a particular subject and provide more relevant information for further research.||To offer an opportunity to the student to add something new to the already existing knowledge|
|Full-Form||Master of Philosophy||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Duration||1.5-2 years||3-4 years. Sometimes even 5 years|
|Coursework||Balance of theory subjects and experiments||2-3 theory subjects with a major focus on experiments and research methodology|
|Eligibility||Graduation from any college/university with a minimum of 55% (relaxable for reserved category candidates) marks at the UG level.||55% for General candidates in PG 45% for SC/ST/OBC/specially-abled category in PG|
|Admission Process||Merit-based / Entrance Test||Entrance Test based/Merit-based|
|Average Fee||INR 30,000 -1 LPA||INR 50,000-2 LPA|
|Top Colleges||Jawaharlal Nehru University, Banaras Hindu University, etc||Indian Institute of Technology Madras- [IITM], Chenna, Indian Institute of Science, etc|
|Average Salary Package||INR 5-6 LPA||INR 4-15 LPA|
|Job Profiles||Civil Servant, Assistant Professor, Economist, etc||University professors, Industrial R&D Lab professionals, etc|
Read More: PhD
Candidates can get an MSc course in various specializations after completing their Bachelor's degree course. We have systematically shown the courses based on different parameters so that the candidates can make an informed decision on M.Phil vs MSc which is given below:
|Full-Form||Master of Philosophy||Master of Science|
|The main aim of the Study||This allows the candidates to master the subject before opting for a PhD Course.||This allows the candidates to gain specific knowledge in different science subjects.|
|Duration||1.5-2 years||2 years|
|Coursework||You have to balance the theory subjects and do research.||Mainly Theory work and relevant practicals|
|Eligibility||Post Graduation from any college/university with a minimum of 55% (5% relaxable for reserved category candidates).||Graduation with at least 50-60% marks from a recognized university. (5% relaxation for reserved categories)|
|Admission Process||Merit-based / Entrance Test based||Merit-based / Entrance Test based|
|Average Fee||INR 30,000 - INR 1 LPA||INR 6,000 - INR 1 LPA|
|Top Colleges||Jawaharlal Nehru University, Banaras Hindu University, etc||Jawaharlal Nehru University, Banaras Hindu University, Jadavpur University,etc|
|Average Salary Package||INR 5-6 LPA||INR 5 to 12 LPA|
Read More: M.Sc
Below is a college comparison between M.Phil in JNU and BHU.
Below is a table of college comparisons between JNU and BHU in M.Phil
|Parameters||M.Phil JNU||M.Phil BHU|
|College Overview||Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) is one of India’s top-ranked universities for postgraduates. It offers MSc courses in Biotechnology, Environmental Science, etc||Banaras Hindu University (BHU) is a central university and is situated in Varanasi. It offers MSc courses in Botany, Zoology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Mathematics, Home Science, etc.|
|Average Total Fees||INR 1,391||INR 3,256|
|Average Placement Package||INR 16 LPA||INR 14.75 LPA|
|Top Recruiting Companies||TCS, Hitachi, Barclay, etc.||Accenture, Blue Star, Cognizant, etc.|
Various career alternatives are available to graduates of M.Phil who do not wish to enter the job industry immediately after graduation. Higher education and research imply a higher pay scale when entering the industry later. This is because of a higher set of knowledge and skills that the candidate acquires. Listed below are some of the scope for higher education after the M.Phil course:
According to Payscale, the average salary offered to an M.Phil graduate in India is INR 4.9 LPA. Different positions provide different salaries depending on various factors such as the individual’s skill set, knowledge, aptitude, level of the job, demands of the job, etc. Higher education after M.Phil ensures a higher pay scale when entering the job industry. As the candidate becomes more experienced in their field, they receive some of the most lucrative salaries in India.
Read More About M.Phil salary
Careers after M.Phil's duration in India are available to graduates in both the public and private sectors. The specification of the job and the industry depends on the specialization of the student while pursuing M.Phil. Apart from job opportunities; various academic prospects such as Diploma courses, MBA, or a PhD are available to graduates upon completion of the M.Phil course. Listed below are some of the career roles after my M.Phil:
M.Phil duration is a very tedious process that demands a lot of research and writing skills from the graduates. Apart from the detailed study of the M.Phil syllabus, the students should also possess a certain set of hard and soft skills that would enhance their potential to be a positive M.Phil prospects. Some of the skills that make one an asset in M.Phil are:
Is an MPhil better than a M.Sc?
The M.Phil is research work done at the same quality and academic rigour of a Ph.D, albeit shorter in length. Hence the MPhil is seen as a higher degree than an M.Sc by Research
Is it necessary to do MPhil before Ph.D?
No, an M.Phil is not necessary for applying for a Ph.D. However, it is better for an aspirant to finish his or her M.Phil before pursuing a PhD as it teaches the aspirant about the basics of research.
Is M.Phil a good degree?
Yes, M.Phil is a very prospective and exciting degree as it adds a lot of value to your research fundamentals and helps in your future prospects.
Bsc aggregate is considered for the admission with 50% marks
There is no entrance exam.
Eligibility criteria for MPhil is 60% aggregate marks in MSc along with 10th to graduation 1st class career and admission procedure is entrance exams with written and viva voce. It depends on your performance and selected by the respected lecturer of that institute. I have applied for UGC NET for environmental science and also admission entrance test for MPhil. Generally cut off for UGC net environmental science especially for general category is 60%.