B.Tech Civil Engineering is a four-year undergraduate course that deals with the study of materials, structural design, construction, technologies, software, and all other fundamentals in civil engineering. Students completing the B.Tech Civil Engineering course can work in the construction industry and top companies in multiple fields. Some of them are site engineers, consulting civil engineers, water engineers, design engineers, aerospace industry, shipping industry, and transport engineer.
|Full Form||Bachelor of Technology in Civil Engineering|
|Duration||Course Duration of Bachelor of Technology [B.Tech] (Civil Engineering) is 4 Years.|
|Age||No specific age limit|
|Average Fees Incurred||INR 40K to 2 LPA|
|Average Salary Offered||INR 2.4 LPA [Source: Payscale]|
|Employment Roles||Civil Engineer, Structural Engineer, Structural Design Engineer, Project Manager, Design Engineer, Construction Manager, Project Engineer, Safety Officer, etc.|
Civil engineering is one of the core disciplines of engineering. According to the Cambridge English Dictionary, “Civil engineering is defined as the planning and building of things not used for religious or military purposes, such as roads, bridges, and public buildings.”
Civil engineering subjects such as civil and architectural engineering, minerals and statics, geomechanics, and structural mechanics provide the students with a solid foundation to plan, build, oversee, and maintain durable structures in public and private sectors.
As for the job scope, civil engineering graduates work in various exciting job profiles and fields impacting both public and environmental health. Essential tools and technologies used by civil engineers:
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For admission to B.Tech Civil Engineering, it is important that students are aware of the different eligibility criteria they need to follow. The aspirant should have passed 10+2 with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) as compulsory subjects. Students should have secured a minimum aggregate of 50% - 60% in their board exams post, which they are required to qualify any one of the national/state level entrance exams to get admitted for B.Tech in Civil Engineering. The minimum age to apply for the course is 17 years.
Admission to the B.Tech Civil Engineering course is done in two ways. Based on their entrance exam scores students are taken in through merit quota. Each college has its own cut-off. The category a student belongs to is also one of the factors influencing admission. The other way of admission to private colleges is through management quota, seats of which are limited in numbers. So after the declaration of entrance exam results, universities and colleges will announce their cut-off to start with the admission process. The course falls under the umbrella of B.Tech and therefore, follows a similar admission procedure. Though the admission process varies from one college to another, below mentioned are the steps that one commonly goes through to get admission:
Considering the COVID situation, the colleges are taking admissions online. Students need to visit the college’s official website they want to apply to and submit their name, contact details, course of interest, etc; as per the instructions.
For offline registration, the students need to visit the college, fill out the application form and submit the required documents.
Upon successful acceptance of the application, there may be a final round of interview or group discussion. This step differs from one college to another.
Engineering is one of the highly sought after courses by students in India. The basic screening process entails national and state-level entrance exams in India. The students who have completed their grade 12 with physics, mathematics, and chemistry as compulsory subjects are eligible to appear for these entrance exams.
The entrance exams for B.Tech Civil Engineering are the same as those for other specializations of Engineering. However, the score cut-off criteria differ for each discipline and college. Students can choose the colleges they would like to get admitted to based on their entrance exam scores. Students are expected to secure good ranks to get into premium institutes of India.
After the test, a merit list of qualified applicants is prepared, and aspirants are invited for the admission process by the respective university or college. After the admission process, the final allotment of seats occurs, and the aspirants need to deposit the fee for the course and register for the respective academic year.
Some of the most popular engineering entrance exams are listed below:
Eligibility criteria for the entrance exams mentioned above are varied since they are dependent on the respective bodies conducting each of them. The following are a few commonalities between the popular entrance exams:
Below is the list of the 10 best B.Tech Civil Engineering Colleges in the country, according to NIRF:
|NIRF Ranking||Top Colleges for B.Tech Civil Engineering|
Tech Civil Engineering fees vary among colleges based on the college infrastructure and facilities. The average course fees range from INR 25K to 2 LPA. The fee payment can be made semester-wise or yearly as specified by the university.
|1||Indian Institute of Technology, Madras||INR 9.1 Lakhs|
|2||Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur||INR 8.38 Lakhs|
|3||Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur||INR 9.14 Lakhs|
|4||Indian Institute of Technology, Patna||INR 8 Lakhs|
The syllabus for B.Tech Civil Engineering includes a credit-based curriculum and electives chosen by the aspirants. It typically includes core subjects, some common engineering subjects, practicals, and projects. Below is a list of generic subjects covered during the BTech Civil Engineering course based on the curriculum and syllabus of the B.Tech Civil Engineering course details given by various universities.
Read More about B.Tech Civil Engineering Syllabus and Subjects
For those who marvel at well-built structures and systems and are interested in learning how these are built, BTech Civil Engineering is a great choice. With the following sub-questions, the answer to “Why Choose B.Tech Civil Engineering?” can be simplified.
B.Tech Civil Engineering is a four-year-long undergraduate course structured on mathematics, science and other core civil engineering subjects. Other subjects such as communication, project management, costing and analysis help the aspirants gain skills necessary to carry out real-world engineering projects. All in all, this course prepares the aspirant to plan and design durable designs, solve problems, and manage projects based on scientific concepts and engineering principles with relevant skills.
B.Tech Civil Engineering students have many job opportunities to choose from, and the most commonly known functional area is construction. Now let’s dig deep into the functions of a civil engineer:
Survey and Analysis: Civil engineers understand surveying, enabling them to analyze the land to plan a project.
Planning: Civil engineers meticulously plan both long-term and short-term projects with respect to environmental health and safety, costing, rules and regulations, etc.
Project Designing: Civil engineers carefully design crucial systems that affect public health directly. A few examples are transport systems (roadways, airways, and waterways) and water supply systems.
Management: It is the civil engineers who oversee projects, manages resources, and coordinate with the team members, which includes architects and other employees so that the project is carried out successfully.
Repair and Maintenance: Existing systems and structures are bound to go through wear and tear. Civil engineers work on restoring these systems and structures and ensure that they perform optimally.
Research: Developing new solutions and testing technologies to resolve critical problems is another area where civil engineers work.
B.Tech Civil Engineering is one of the most popular engineering streams with a stable job market . Let's find out why civil engineers have a rewarding career in the job market.
Salary: According to Payscale, the average salary of a B.Tech Civil Engineer in India is INR 3.08 LPA and the highest package being INR 7.7 LPA. The salary increases with an increase in experience of the civil engineer. The salary package also depends on additional factors such as communication skills and know-how of relevant tools and technologies.
Job Growth: Civil engineers take three common paths. Civil engineers who work as project engineers can grow to senior project engineers, project managers, or senior software engineers. Serving as a senior civil engineer will eventually lead to a contract manager or construction project manager position. In contrast, construction project managers can get promoted to higher functions, such as senior project managers (construction).
The Requirement for Civil Engineers: According to an article by the Vellore Institute of Technology, there is a huge supply and demand gap for talented professionals in the civil engineering industry. In short, highly skilled civil engineers are sure to get a rewarding job and make a great career.
Read More about B.Tech Civil Engineering Jobs
For aspirants interested in studying B.Tech Civil Engineering, here are some expert tips to prepare for the same:
Plan: Knowing strengths and weaknesses and planning the study schedule will ensure higher chances of success in B.Tech Civil Engineering.
Syllabus: Getting familiar with the syllabus will help identify and plan the subjects that need more attention.
Fundamentals: B.Tech Civil Engineering aspirants should make sure to strengthen their fundamentals, especially Maths and Physics form the foundation for the Civil Engineering syllabus.
For those interested in taking up further education, B.Tech Degree in Civil Engineering will serve as the basis for specializing and researching in a specific area. B.Tech Civil Engineering graduates can pursue both long-term and short-term courses. Some of them are listed below:
Job-oriented short-term courses are another option for BTech Civil Engineering graduates. For instance, software training like STAAD PRO training and TEKLA. B.Tech Civil Engineering graduates who are interested in pursuing a career abroad can go for a 2-year Masters (MS) in Civil Engineering. Alternatively, B.Tech Civil Engineering graduates can opt for Management programs such as:
B.Tech Civil Engineering fresh graduates get an average salary of INR 2.4 LPA. However, this package may vary concerning the city, company, job title, etc. For instance, the average salary for the civil engineer title is INR 3 LPA. In comparison, a structural engineer draws INR 6.1 LPA on average, and the same for a construction project manager is INR 9.4 LPA.
Read More about B.Tech Civil Engineering Salary
Career opportunities after B.Tech Degree Civil Engineering are plenty because of the sheer number of available sub-specializations and how demanding these roles are. On successful completion of B.tech in Civil Engineering, graduates can choose to take up government jobs. Some of them are:
The private sector companies also offer jobs for BTech Civil Engineering graduates. These jobs are in the following fields:
It is a prevalent assumption that civil engineers work only in the construction space. But that is not the case. The companies mentioned above and multiple fields show how civil engineers have diverse and crucial roles to play. These require specialized skills such as the following:
What after Undergraduate in Civil Engineering?
Graduates have several options to pursue after the completion of the civil engineering course. Graduates can opt to pursue higher studies such as M.tech/M.E in several Indian Institutes and abroad. Students can also take up research-based studies offered in several research institutes across the country.
Why a career as a Civil Engineer?
Civil engineers today are designing methods and facilities to improve the quality of life in
communities throughout the world. Their main role is designing and improving roadways,
replacing deteriorating bridges, easing traffic congestion, meeting energy needs, recovering
from floods and earthquakes, redeveloping urban communities or designing new light-rail
lines, being an engineer means working to make things better. Job scopes for civil engineers are much abundant these days owing to demands in improving infrastructure.
What companies offer a technical role for civil engineers?
Many private companies that are into machinery manufacturing will offer a technical role for civil engineers. Companies such as L&T, Gewalt etc who manufacture heavy machines for construction offer technical jobs for civil engineers.
What are frequently asked questions for a civil engineer in core companies?
Students will initially be questioned about their experience in the subject. The methodology of questioning will depend on how strong you're in fundamentals and will also depend on your knowledge about their organization and operations. Chances of asking subject-based questions are however very less, but the students must be ready for all.
What is the responsibility of civil foreman?
The basic responsibility of a civil foreman is to inspect the work on the site. There are different types of works of a civil foreman like project evaluation & staff work coordination