Are you confused about IIT Vs NIT? Get Eligibility, Admission Procedure, Colleges List, Ranking, Cutoff, and Placements.
A question that may be prickle as a thought for every student experiencing this thing in their 12th standard in identifying which is better, IIT or NIT? IIT and NIT are the same level of institutes one desires to aim for. But there are a few major differences between IIT and NIT. Both institutes offer quality education the key difference between them: are the number of IITs and NITs, admission process, facilities and infrastructure, and placements. More than 6 lakh students appear for JEE Main entrance exams to take admission in premier engineering colleges every year.
Table of Contents
- About IIT
- About NIT
- Number of Institutes
- Admission Procedure
- Courses Offered
- Facilities and Infrastructure
- Co-Curricular Activities
- Cultural Fests and Sports
- Placements and Packages
- Entrepreneurs and Alumni List
Key Difference Between IIT and NIT
Both NIT and IIT are well-noted for their exceptional standards of education. IITs and NITs play a vital role in fostering the education structure in India. IITs and NITs have immensely boosted the country's education norms. They have played a significant role in India's growth in technology and science at the global level. The comparison will show which is best; it is also required to be unbiased while differentiating the supremacy of one institution over the other. Following are the key highlights of the difference between IIT and NIT.
|Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)||National Institute of Technology (NIT)|
Number of Institutes
|There are 23 IITs in India||There are 31 NITs in India|
|IIT comes under the Institute of Technology Act 1961||NIT comes under the National Institute of Technology Act 2007|
|IIT are governed and maintained by Central Government||NIT are governed and maintained by the state government|
|Students can take admission in IIT after clearing JEE Advanced||Students can take Admission in NIT after clearing JEE Mains|
What is IIT
The Indian Institute of Technology is an autonomous public institute for higher education. IIT comes under MHRD, governed and maintained by the Central Government. There are 23 IITs in India. IITs come under the Institute of Technology Act, 1961, which declared IIT an institute of national importance. The first IIT established in India was in 1950 in Kharagpur. And in 1960, 4 new campuses were inaugurated in Bombay, Madras, Kanpur, and Delhi. The following IITs are established in the following years.
- IIT Guwahati in 1994
- IIT Roorkee in 2001
- Five colleges were converted into IITs in 2003
- In 2008, eight new IITs were established
- In 2015, six new IITs were established
What is NIT
The National Institute of Technology is an autonomous public higher education institution governed and maintained by the state government. NIT comes under the National Institute of Technology Act, 2007, which declared them an institute of national importance. There are 31 NITs in India. NIT was previously called Regional Engineering College, established during the second 5-year plan. Other NITs established are listed below.
- 17 REC was established in 1959 in each major state
- In 1967, six more NITs were established
- In 1985-1986, 2 new NITs were established
- In 2002 all REC became NIT
Number of Institutes
The government establishes the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), an association of educational institutes in India to provide high-quality education. There are 23 IITs and 31 NITs in India. IIT comes directly under MHRD, governed and maintained by the central government. NITs are maintained and governed by the state government. Both are autonomous. The following are the total institutes in NIT and IIT.
There are two entrance exams for admission to NIT and IIT for engineering. The exams are IIT JEE Mains and IIT JEE Advanced. The aspirants who pass JEE Mains will be qualified for NITs only. To get admission to IIT, students must also pass JEE Advanced.
Aspirants must know about IIT JAM if seeking admissions in IITs for Post-Graduation Programs such as M.Sc. This exam is intended for people who want to pursue M.Sc. from IITs or NITs. Concerning admissions in NITs & IITs, the significant difference seen in the JAM exam is that the applicants who don’t get admission in IITs by JAM counselling must appeal for CCMN counselling to hold their seats in NITs.
It is understood that IITs' educational standards are far better than NITs as they embrace a curriculum from scratch to the edge. The excellent teachers of IITs have various & innovative teaching techniques that help candidates with a remarkably unique and exciting variant of education.
After the conclusion of the first year, it is necessary for every disciple of both the Institutes to begin a subject from other branches like - humanities, social sciences & management. The difference between IIT and NIT can also be based on these institutes' subjects and courses.
Facilities and Infrastructure
The infrastructure of IITs is advanced in technology, comprehensive, and outfitted. They have excellent classroom facilities and functional labs.National Institutes of Technology campuses are also equipped with various amenities that are modernized. Still, in comparison to the Indian Institutes of Technology, the infrastructure of NITs is yet in a development state.
The match with IITs for extracurriculars is relative to NITs. How astounding it is that IITs & NITs conduct the hostel competitions each year under the sections of sports & various other extracurriculars! It’s truly an incredible chance for able pupils to participate in such liveliness & showcase their most skilled expertise. Hostels provide private bands, dance clubs, sports teams, drama units, etc. Associations of co-curricular in IIT are more productive in comparison to NIT. They hold one or two diplomats for each cultural commission from every hostel.
Summing up to almost ten students from the various hostel, about 130 students give their time & abilities in the extra-curricular activities such as,
- Literature Club
- Hindi Samiti
- Student Welfare
Cultural Fests and Sports
Both NIT and IIT boost sports activity as a crucial thing. Different cultural fests and sports activities are organized in both institutes to promote extra-curricular activities in these institutes. The sports activities and cultural fests are also at massive range in those Institutes. Both institutes hold various inter-college contests, but IITs carry more sports matches and cultural fests than NITs. Some of the cultural fests held in IITs & NITs are given below.
Placements and Packages
When it comes to the placements & packages, the main difference between IIT & NIT, we should have to assert that the function of Institutes is solely to carry one to the gate of opportunities & formulate their primary educational reputation.No matter in which institute one studies. It is entirely up to them whence they would apply their skills to seize the position that resembles their expectations. Be it any IIT or NIT.
Most IITs have greater possibilities and payroll packages corresponding to NITs. Mostly IIT pass-outs work abroad for huge packages beginning from 2 lakhs or more rhythmic packages by the university placements. The job openings in NITs start with a package of 8,00,000 or higher, including the chances of foreign jobs anticipated in NITs. Several students hold a job package higher than an IIT holder. Students are placed in utmost identified MNCs only by their abilities & expertise.
Entrepreneurs and Alumni List
There have been many founders of businesses in India and abroad from IITs and NITs. Both are regarded as a precise benchmark by their institutes to determine their preferred over the others. The analysis carried out in the US confirmed that IITians are amongst the front founders of the top startups in America. IITs are the single non-US university with the most number of founders of firms in the US.
IIT and NIT have given many business founders to India and abroad. One of the studies found that the IITians are among America's topmost startup founders.
NITs are also in the race to produce heads. The students from different NITs have also established many startups and earned huge packages in India and overseas.
|Alumni of IIT||Alumni of NIT|
|Sachin Bansal, Co-Founder of Flipkart||Natarajan Chandrasekaran,Chairman of Tata Sons|
|Binny Bansal,Co-Founder of Flipkart||Shyam Srinivasan, CEO of Federal Bank|
|N. R. Murthy, Co-Founder of Infosys||C. P. Gurnani,CEO of Tech Mahindra|
|Chetan Bhagat, Author||Akash Khurana, Actor and Screenwriter|
|Anurag Dikshit, Party Gaming||Nalini Ranjan Mohanty,Indian bureaucrat|
|Raghuram Rajan, Professor of Financeat the University of Chicago Booth School of Business||Sandip Das,Indian corporate executive|
IIT or NIT-Which is better
If we compare all the aspects of IIT and NIT, it is evident that IIT has the edge over NIT. The placement, infrastructure, Alumni network, courses offered, etc., are way more advanced at IIT than at NIT. Whichever would you be moving to seek? IIT or NIT! Make sure your scores are quality in these institutes to live your dreams.
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