Syllabus for UGC NET 2021 is based upon the existing knowledge of the candidate. For different subjects, the syllabus for the exam would be different. UGC NET Eligibility is given differently for every category. If one attempts this exam without being eligible for it, their candidature will be cancelled when found out.
Candidates who are giving the UGC NET 2021 should be aware of the syllabus. They should choose a subject which they have studied in their Master's Degree program, or which is relatable to them. UGC has revised the syllabus of all NET subjects (including Paper I on General Awareness).
- UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus: This paper is designed to test the candidate’s teaching and research ability.
- UGC NET Paper 2 Syllabus: Paper 2 will be subject-based. Candidates will have to select one subject for NET Exam preferably the subject of their post-graduation.
NOTE: There are slight changes in the UGC NET 2021 Exam Pattern. Hence, you should go through the revised pattern to prepare accordingly.
UGC NET 2021 Syllabus for Paper I
UGC NET 2021 Paper-1 intends to test the aptitude of the candidates in terms of teaching and research. The questions will be generic in nature and not core subject-oriented. It will test the comprehension, reasoning ability, general awareness, and the divergent thinking skills of the candidates. Paper-1 will access the cognitive skills of the candidates. Paper-2 will be subject-oriented and it will test the core subject knowledge of the candidates.
Candidates can go through the below units and topics under each for UGC NET 2021 Paper I:
Unit-wise UGC NET Paper I Syllabus 2021
The first paper of UGC NET shall have questions based on the below-mentioned topics:
Unit I: Teaching Aptitude
- Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based
- Evaluation systems: Elements and types of evaluation, evaluation in the Choice Based Credit System in higher education, computer-based testing, innovations in evaluation systems.
- Teaching: Concept, objectives, levels of teaching (memory, understanding, and reflective), characteristics, and basic requirements
- Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment, and Institution.
- Methods of teaching in institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. learner-centred methods; offline vs. online methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs, etc.).
Unit-II: Research Aptitude
- Research ethics
- Steps of research
- Application of ICT in research
- Methods of research: Experimental, descriptive, historical, qualitative, and quantitative methods
- Research: Meaning, types, and characteristics, positivism and post-positivistic approach to research
- Research Ethics
Unit-III: Research Aptitude
- A passage of text is given. Questions will be asked from the passage to be answered
- Mass-media and society
- Effective communication: Verbal and non-verbal, inter-cultural and group communications, classroom communication
- Communication: Meaning, types, and characteristics of communication
Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
- Number series, letter series, codes, and relationships
- Mathematical aptitude (fraction, time & distance, ratio, proportion and percentage, profit and loss, interest and discounting, averages, etc.)
- Types of reasoning
Unit-VI: Logical Reasoning
- Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference)
- Venn diagram: Simple and multiple uses for establishing the validity of arguments
- Indian Logic: Means of knowledge
- Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning
- Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication), and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension)
Unit-VII: Data Interpretation
- Data and governance
- Graphical representation (bar-chart, histograms, pie-chart, table-chart, and line-chart) and mapping of data
- Data interpretation
- Quantitative and qualitative data
- Sources, acquisition, and classification of data
Unit-VIII: Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
- ICT and Governance
- Basics of Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio, and Video-conferencing
- Digital initiatives in higher education
- ICT: General abbreviations and terminology
Unit-IX: People Development and Environment
- Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment.
- Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.
- Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear, and Forests
- Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies
- Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance
- Environmental issues: Local, regional and global; air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), climate change, and its socio-economic and political dimensions.
Unit-X: Higher Education System
- Policies, governance, and administration
- Oriental, conventional and non-conventional learning programs in India
- Value education and environmental education
- Evolution of higher learning and research in post-independence India
- Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India
UGC NET 2021 Chapter-wise Syllabus
Candidates can go through the chapter-wise syllabus for Mass Communication and Journalism Syllabus below:
Unit 1: Introduction to Journalism and Mass Communication
- Journalism and mass communication, mass communication in India.
- History, growth and development of print and electronic media. Major landmarks in print and electronic media in Indian languages. Media’s role in the formulation of states of India.
- Media criticism and media literacy, Press Council and Press Commissions of India, the status of journalism and media education in India. Media policies of the Government of India since Independence.
- Models and theories of mass communication, normative theories, administrative and critical traditions in communication, media and journalism studies, communication and theories of socio-cultural, educational and agricultural change. Technological determinism, a critique of Marshall McLuhan’s views on media and communication and Marxist approaches. Information and knowledge societies.
- Indian traditions and approaches to communication from the Vedic era to the 21st century. Western and Eastern philosophical, ethical and aesthetic perceptions of communication - Aristotle and Plato, Hindu, Buddhist, and Islamic traditions.
- Media and culture - a framework for understanding culture in a globalised world. Globalisation with respect to politico-economic & socio-cultural developments in India.
Unit 2: Communication for Development and Social Change
- Concept and definition of development communication, the role of media and journalism in society, characteristics of Indian society – the demographic and sociological impact of communication, media and journalism. Media and specific audiences.
- Development and social change. Issues and post-colonial conceptions.
- Deconstruction of the dominant paradigm of communication and development. Responses and critique of dominant models.
- The corporatisation of development - Corporate Social Responsibility, non-state actors in development, mass campaigns by NGOs, Government of India, international agencies and corporates. Paradigms and discourse of development communication.
- The emergence of global civil societies, public sphere, global communication system - nation state-universal, national communication policies.
- Leading influencers of social reform in India - Raja Rammohan Roy, Pandit Madanmohan Malviya, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, Mahatma Gandhi, Acharya Vinoba Bhave, Dr B. R. Ambedkar, Deendayal Upadhyay, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia etc.
Unit 3: Reporting and Editing
- News-concepts, determinants (values), structure and perspectives. Reporting for print, radio, television and digital media. Types of reporting. National and international news agencies and feature syndicates, functions and role.
- Writing for print, electronic and digital news media. Translation and transcreation.
- Editing and presentation techniques for print, television and digital media.
- Journalism as a profession, reportage of contemporary issues, ethics of reporting
- Critique of western news values, the effect of new technology on global communication flows.
- Niche Reporting.
Unit 4: Advertising and Marketing Communication
- Definition, concept, functions, types, the evolution of advertising, standards and ethics in advertising. Theories and models of communication in advertising.
- Brand management.
- Advertising management - agency-role, structure and function, client-agency relationship, media planning and budgeting.
- Advertising and creativity, language and translation.
- Advertising campaign and marketing.
- Advertising and marketing research.
Unit 5: Public Relations and Corporate Communication
- Public Relations and Corporate Communication - definition, concept and scope.
- Structure of PR in State, Public, Private and non-government sectors.
- Tools and techniques of PR and Corporate Communication
- Crisis communication and crisis communication management
- Ethics of Public Relations.
- International Public Relations, communication audit
Unit 6: Media Laws and Ethics
- Concept of law and ethics in India and the rest of the world.
- The Constitution of India, historical evolution, relevance.
- Concept of freedom of speech and expression in the Indian Constitution.
- Defamation, Libel, Slander-IPC 499-502, Sedition IPC 124 (A), Contempt of Courts Act 1971, Official Secrets Act 1923, Press and Registration of Books Act 1867, Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1955, Wage Boards, Law of Obscenity (Section 292-294 of IPC); the Miller test, the Hicklin test, Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act 1986, Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, Parliamentary Privileges. Famous cases involving journalists and news media organisations.
- Right to Information Act 2005, Copyright Act 1957, Intellectual Property Rights, Cable Television Network (Regulation) Act 1995, Information Technology Act (relevant) 2000 and cyber laws, Cinematograph Act 1952, Film Censorship, Press Council Act as amended from time to time, IPR, ASCI, Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act, 1954, Various regulatory bodies for print, TV, Advertising, PR, and the Internet.
- Rules, regulations and guidelines for the media as recommended by the Press Council of India, Information and Broadcasting ministry and other professional organisations, the adversarial role of the media, human rights and media.
Unit 7: Media Management and Production
- Definition, the concept of media management. The grammar of electronic media.
- Communication design theories and practice.
- Media production techniques – print and electronic.
- Digital media production techniques.
- Economics and commerce of mass media in India.
- Principles and management in the media industry post liberalisation.
Unit 8: ICT and Media
- ICT and media - definition, characteristics and role. Effect of computer-mediated communication. Impact of ICT on mass media. Digitisation
- Social networking
- Economics and commerce of web-enabled media.
- Mobile adaption and new generation telephony by media, ethics and new media.
- ICT in education and development in India, online media and e-governance
- Animation - concepts and techniques.
Unit 9: Film and Visual Communication
- Film and television theory.
- Film and identity in Indian film studies, leading film directors of India before and after Independence. Indian cinema in the 21st century.
- Approaches to analysis of Indian television.
- Visual Communication. Visual analysis.
- Basics of film language and aesthetics, the dominant film paradigm, evolution of Indian cinema-commercial and ‘non-commercial’ genres, the Hindi film song, Indian aesthetics and poetics (the theory of Rasa and Dhvani).
- National cinema movements: Soviet Montage cinema, German Expressionistic cinema, Italian Neo-Realistic cinema, French New Wave cinema, British New Wave cinema, Indian New Wave cinema, Period cinema. Cinema in the new millennium.
Unit 10: Communication Research
- Definition, concept, constructs and approaches to the communication research process.
- Research Designs - types, structure, components, classical, experimental and quasi-experimental, variables and hypotheses; types and methods of research; basic, applied, descriptive, analytical, historical, case study, longitudinal studies.
- Research in journalism, Public Relations, advertising, cinema, animation and graphics, television, Internet, social media practices, magazines, children’s media. Communication, journalism and media research in India.
- Levels of measurement: sampling-probability and non-probability, tests of validity and reliability, scaling techniques. Methods and tools of data collection-interviews, surveys, case studies, obtrusive and non-obtrusive techniques, ethnography, schedule, questionnaire, dairy, and internet-based tools, media-specific methods such as exit polls, opinion polls, telephone, SMS surveys and voting with regard to GEC (general entertainment content).
- Data analysis, testing, interpretation, application of statistical tests-parametric and nonparametric, tests of variance-univariate, bivariate and multivariate, tests of significance, computer-mediated research.
- Ethical considerations in communication, media and journalism research, writing research reports, plagiarism.
UGC NET 2021 Subjects
UGC NET is for professors who lays the foundation for the career of students. It has been formed as one of the toughest exams in India. There are almost 81 subjects for the candidates to choose which are as below:
Subjects: Subject Codes
- Adult Education/Continuing Education/Andragogy/Non-Formal Education: 46
- Anthropology: 07
- Arab Culture and Islamic Studies: 49
- Buddhist, Jaina, Gandhian and Peace Studies:60
- Comparative Literature:72
- Comparative Study of Religions:62
- Computer Science and Applications:87
- Defence and Strategic Studies:11
- Dogri: 33
- Economics: 01
- Education: 09
- Electronic Science: 88
- English: 30
- Environmental Sciences:89
- Folk Literature:71
- Forensic Science:82
- French (French Version):39
- Home Science:12
- Human Rights And Duties: 92
- Indian Culture:50
- Labour Welfare: 55
- Law: 58
- Library and Information Science: 59
- Linguistics: 31
- Maithili: 18
- Malayalam: 22
- Mass Communication and Journalism:63
- Museology & Conservation:66
- Performing Art - Dance/Drama/Theatre:65
- Persian: 42
- Philosophy: 03
- Physical Education: 47
- Political Science: 02
- Politics: 90
- Population Studies: 15
- Psychology: 04
- Public Administration:14
- Rajasthani: 43
- Russian: 41
- Sanskrit: 25
- Sanskrit traditional Subjects: 73
- Santali: 95
- Sindhi: 101
- Social Medicine & Community Health: 81
- Social Work: 10
- Sociology: 05
- Spanish: 40
- Tamil: 26
- Telugu: 27
- Tourism Administration and Management: 93
- Tribal and Regional Language/Literature: 70
- Urdu: 28
- Visual Art: 79
- Women Studies: 74
- Yoga: 100
UGC NET 2021 Subject-wise Syllabus
The Candidates should refer to their subject-wise syllabus as per the subject they have chosen to write their Paper 2 on. The subject-wise syllabus for UGC NET 2021 is given below:
|Subject||Syllabus Download Link|
|UGC NET 2021 General Paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude (Paper -I)||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Economics/ Rural Economics/ Co-operation/ Demography/ Development Planning/ Development Studies/ Econometrics/ Applied Economics/ Development Economics/ Business Economics||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Political Science Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Philosophy Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Psychology Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Sociology Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 History Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Anthropology Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Commerce Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Education Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Social Work Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Defence and Strategic Studies Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Home Science Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Public Administration Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Population Studies Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Music Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Management (including Business Administration Mgt./ Marketing/ Marketing Mgt./Industrial Relations and Personnel Mgt./ Personnel Mgt./ Financial Mgt./ Co-operative Mgt.)||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Maithili Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Bengali Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Hindi Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Kannada Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Malayalam Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Oriya Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Punjabi Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Sanskrit Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Tamil Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Telugu Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Urdu Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Arabic Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 English Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Linguistics Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Chinese Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Dogri Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Nepali Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Assamese Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Gujarati Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Marathi Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 French (French Version)||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Spanish Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Russian Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Persian Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Rajasthani Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 German Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Japanese Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Adult Education/ Continuing Education/ Andragogy/ Non Formal Education||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Physical Education Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Arab Culture and Islamic Studies Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Indian Culture Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Labour Welfare/ Personnel Management/ Industrial Relations/ Labour and Social Welfare/ Human Resource Management||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Law Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Library and Information Science Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Buddhist, Jaina, Gandhian and Peace Studies||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Study of Religions Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Mass Communication and Journalism Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Performing Arts - Dance/Drama/Theatre Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Museology & Conservation Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Archaeology Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Criminology Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Tribal and Regional Language/Literature||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Folk Literature||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Comparative Literature Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Sanskrit traditional subjects (including) Jyotisha/ Sidhanta Jyotisha/ Navya Vyakarna/ Vyakarna/ Mimansa/ Navya Nyaya/ Sankhya Yoga/ Tulanatmaka Darsan/ Shukla Yajurveda/ Madhav Vedant/ Dharmasasta/ Sahitya/ Puranotihasa/ Agama).||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Women Studies Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Visual Arts (including Drawing & Painting/ Sculpture Graphics/ Applied Art/ History of Art)||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Geography Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Social Medicine & Community Health Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Forensic Science Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Pali Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Kashmiri Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Konkani Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Computer Science and Applications Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Electronic Science Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Environmental Sciences Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Politics (including International Relations/ International Studies including Defence/ Strategic Studies, West Asian Studies, South East Asian Studies, African Studies, South Asian Studies, Soviet Studies, American Studies)||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Prakrit Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Human Rights and Duties Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Tourism Administration and Management Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Bodo Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Santali Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Yoga Syllabus||Download PDF|
|UGC NET 2021 Sindhi Syllabus||Download PDF|