# VTU ULRAT Syllabus 2023: Subject-wise Syllabus PDF

Rajalakshmi BK

Updated on - Nov 23, 2023

The syllabus for VTU ULRAT 2023 was determined by the official authorities responsible for organizing the VTU ULRAT exam.

## VTU ULRAT 2023Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc

The syllabus for VTU ULRAT 2023 preparation for getting admission for Ph.D and M.Sc. courses were as given below. This syllabus was common to all streams of Engineering/ Physics/ Chemistry/ Mathematics/ Computer Application/ Geology/ Nanotechnology.

The common questions for all courses are as given below.

• Aptitude section
• Data Sufficiency & Data Interpretation
• Logical Reasoning
• Computer Awareness

### Mathematics Section Syllabus

The topics and contents for the Mathematics section of the exam are as given below.

 Topics Contents Matrices Definition Rank of Matrix Systems of 'm' Linear Equations with 'n' Unknown Eigen Value and Eigen Vectors of a Square Matrix. Differential Calculus Limits and Continuity Differentiation and its Applications Partial Derivatives (Basic) Integral Calculus Reduction Formulae Definite Integrals Properties and Multiple Integrals Vector Algebra and Complex Numbers Definitions Vector Products Properties Amplitude & Modules of a Complex Number De Moivere’s Theorem and Examples. Applied Mathematics Laplace Transforms (Elementary Transformation) Fourier Series Basics Definition and Examples Half Range Fourier Series and Harmonic Analysis. Numerical Analysis Numerical Solutions of Algebraic and Transcendental Equations Finite Differences Interpolation for Equal and Unequal Intervals Numerical Solutions of First Order Differential Equations Numerical Integration Statistics and Probability Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion Curve Fitting by Least Square Methods. Correlation and Regression Analysis Probability: Axioms, Conditional Probability Probability Distribution-Binomial Poisson and Normal Distribution.

### Discipline Oriented Section Syllabus

This section is for testing the existing knowledge of the candidate about his trade. The candidates will be asked domain specific questions. The topics and their contents from which the questions were asked for each discipline are as given below.

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Civil Engineering Science

The topics and contents for Civil Engineering Science are as given below.

 Topics Contents Structural Analysis Structural SystemsMethods of Joints and Sections and Truss AnalysisStrain EnergyArches and Cables Fluid Mechanics Open Channel FlowWater HammerDimensional AnalysisImpact of Jets on VanesTurbinesCentrifugal Pumps Concrete Technology Fresh Concrete and Hardened ConcreteMix DesignSpecial ConcretesNon-destructive Testing of Concrete Design of Concrete Structures Principles of Limit State DesignServiceability LimitsEffective LengthsDesign LoadsAnchorage of BarsLateral Stability of Beams Geotech Index Properties of SoilClassification of SoilsSoil StructuresCompaction of SoilConsolidation of SoilsShear Strength of Soil Transportation Highway Planning and AlignmentDesign PrinciplesPavement Materials and ConstructionWind Analysis and Site Selection for Airports Irrigation Engineering Water Requirements of CropsCanals, Diversion WorksGravity and Earthen Dams Steel Structures Steel Structural Fasteners Tension – Compression – Flexure MembersConnections Theory of Elasticity Plane Stresses and Plane StrainPrincipal Stresses and Principal StrainsStrain Displacement RelationshipEquilibrium and Boundary ConditionGeneralized Hook’s Law

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Mechanical Engineering Science

The VTU ULRAT syllabus for Mechanical Engineering Science is as given below.

 Topics Contents Prime movers (I.C. Engine) Classification of I. C Engines2 Stroke & 4 Stroke Petrol & Diesel EnginesConcept of Mechanical Efficiency BHP & IHLaws of Ist & IInd Thermodynamics, Zeroth Law Applications. Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning Properties – COP Unit of RefrigerationRefrigeration EffectTonne Refrigeration Manufacturing Process Part of a LatheOperation in a LatheTypes of Drilling MachineOperation a Drilling MachineTypes of Milling MachinesOperation on Milling MachinesGrinding Machines, Bonding Materials, Grinding TerminologyType of Grinding MachineSoldering, Brazing & Welding Classification & TypesLubrication & Bearing Types. Power Transmission & Mechatronics Belt DrivesGear DrivesIntroduction to Mechanics- Open Loop & Closed LoopControl System Advantages & Disadvantages. Heat Treatment of Metals AnredingNormalizing HardingTempering, Carburizing, Cyaniding, Nitriding and Flame HardeningIron, Carbon Equilibrium Diagram.Composite Materials – Types of Martin MaterialsFRP & MMC Advantages & Applications.

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Electrical Engineering Sciences

The syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc. in Electrical Engineering Sciences is as given below.

• Fundamentals & AC Circuits Network Theorems.
• Electrical Machines AC & DC, Transformers
• Diode Circuits – Amplifiers, OP – Amp Applications.
• Simplification of Boolean Expressions: Karnaugh Maps Combinational Logic Design.
• Sequential Logic Circuits: Flip Flops & Counters, Shift Registers.
• Time Response of Second Order Control Systems Nyquist Criteria – Bode Plots, Phase & Gain Margins.
• Thyristors: Choppers & Inverters.
• Field Theory: Electric & Magnetic Fields, Maxwell's Equations.
• Microprocessors: Architecture, Operation, Programming and Interfacing.
• Transducers

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Computer Science Engineering

The VTU ULRAT 2023 syllabus for Computer Science Engineering is as given below.

• Discrete Mathematical Structures (Set Memory Fundamentals of Logic, Relations Functions)
• Computer Organization
• Data Structures using C (Stack, Recursion, Queues and Lists, Trees, Sorting, Searching)
• Operating Systems
• OOP with C++
• DBMS
• Analysis & Design of Algorithms
• Object Oriented Analysis & Design
• Software Engineering (Overview, Requirements of Engg, Software Design, Verification & Validation)

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Silk/ Textile Technology

Some of the important topics and contents which are part of the VTU ULRAT syllabus for Silk/ Textile Technology are as given below.

 Topics Contents Introduction to Monomers PolymersHistory of PolymersClassification of PolymersIntroduction to Various Fibre Forming PolymersApplication of PolymersStudy of Various Methods of Polymerization viz AdditionChain, Co-ordination Polymerization.Study of Various Types of Initiators.Techniques of Polymerization.Copolymerisation.Nature of Polymeric Fluids.Flow of Polymeric FluidsTheology of Polymers – Derivation of Various Laws to Flow of Polymeric Fluids.Mechanical Behavior of Polymers- Tensile Behavior.Time-dependent Behaviour and Temperature Dependent Mechanical Behaviour.Thermal Analysis of Polymers – Glass Transition Temperature of Polymers.Determination of Glass Transition Temperature.Free Volume Concept.Time-Temperature Superposition in Polymers.Study of Thermal Characterization by DSC, DTA and TGA. Introduction to Textiles Brief introduction to Textile Materials.Brief History on the Origin of Textiles.Introduction to Textile Fibers, Basic Requirements of Textile Fibers.Geographical Distribution, Cultivation & Grading of Cotton, Wool, Silk, & Jute Fibers.Brief Study of Physical & Chemical Properties of Cotton, Wool, Silk & Blast Fibers.India’s Position of Natural Fibers in Global Scenario. Introduction to Regenerated Fibers Chemistry and Physics of Viscose Rayon Production.Production of Modified Viscose Rayon, Brief Outline on the Production of Acetate & Cuprammonium Rayon.Manufacture of Tencel, ‘Modal’ and ‘lyocell’ Fibre. Modern Developments in the Blowroom Machinery Evaluation of Blowroom PerformanceCalculation Regarding Blowroom Line. Need of Blending Process Modification Required in Blowroom for Processing Various Blends like Polyester/ Cotton, Polyester/ ViscoseSilk and its BlendsTypes of Blending Operation and Blending Procedure. Various Quality Control Studies in Blow Room Like Alp Rejection PercentageCleaning Efficiency within and between Lap Variations. Carding Objects of CardingDetailed Study of Working of Revolving Flat CardCard Clothing AutolevellersSetting of Different Parts and Effect of Changing the Setting on Sliver QualityMethods of GrindingStripping Calculation of Production, Draft etc. in CardingDevelopments in Modern Carding such as Developments in Preceding Zone, Speeds, Efficiency etc.Developments in Post Carding Zone.Modern Cards, their Applications – Tandem Card, Various Quality Control Studies in Carding. Winding Objects and Principles of WindingClassification of Winding Machine.Derivation of Expression to Find Winding Speed and Surface SpeedCone Angle, Coil Angle and Angle of Wind and their Importance.Methods of Increasing Angle of Packages.Controlling of Ballooning Tension, Types of Balloon Breakers.Precision and Drum Winders.Yarn Clearers, Types and SettingTensioning DevicesUser Classimat and its Usefulness in Selecting Optimum Clearing.Study of Automatic Winders viz. Auto Coner and Uniconer.Winding Faults and Remedies.Identification of ConesMaterial Handing, Measurement HandlingMeasurement of Package Density and their Efficiency. Warping Objects and Systems of Warping.Different Types of Modern Creels.Study of Modern, Friction Driven and Spindle Driven Beam Warping Machines.Study of Different Types of Sectional Warping Machines and their Salient Features.Special Warpers for Polyolefin Filament Yarns.Special Requirements of Yarn Preparatory for Shuttleless Weaving Machine.Production Calculation of all Machines. Sizing Objects of Sizing. Study of Ingredients Used for Size Preparation. Size FormulationMixing Vessels Viz. Pressure Cookers, Injection Cookers, Homogenizers, Agitators and Storing Becks.Techniques of Sizing, Sizing of Natural, Man-made Fibres and their Blends. Size Pickup, Size Add-on, Salient Features of Modern Sizing Machines. Creels Sow Box, Drying Principles – Multicylinder Drying, Hot Air Drying, Radiation Drying.Concept of Single End Sizing. Headstock Dry Splitting Comb, Drag Roll.After Waxing, Cut Mark Motion, Beam Pressing, PIV and Friction Clutch.Controls in Sow Box – Stretch and its Control, Moisture Measurement and Temperature Control.Recent Trends in Sizing Viz. Foam Sizing Solvent Sizing.Hot Melt Sizing, High-Pressure Squeezing, Migrating Behaviour of Warp Ends, Dead Loss, Hard Waste.Production and Efficiency Calculations.Sizing Defects and Remedies. Post Sizing Operations Drawing–in, Leasing, Knotting, Automatic Drawing in MachineChemicals and Auxiliaries used for Textile Wet Processing and their FunctionsIntroduction to Shearing and Cropping.Objects of Shearing and Cropping.Objects of Singeing, Methods of Singeing by Various Singeing Machines, Precautions to be taken During Singeing, Latest Developments in Singeing.Objects of Desizing, Methods of Desizing, Continuous Desizing, Desizing of Cotton and other Blends. Latest Developments in Desizing.Objects of Scouring, Mechanism of Scouring, Methods of Scouring, Scouring of Natural Cellulose Fabrics, Degumming of Silk, Scouring of Wool and Jute, Scouring of Synthetic, Modifications Required to Scour Knitted Fabrics, Latest Developments in Scouring.Objects of Bleaching, Mechanism of Bleaching, Methods of Bleaching, Bleaching of Cellulose Fibres, Fibres, Bleaching of Natural Protein Fibres, Bleaching of Common Manufactured Fibres, Bleaching of Common Whitening, Optical Whitening Process for Common Fibres. Chemistry of Optical Whitening Agents. Objects of Mercerization, History and Developments of Mercerization, Physical and Chemical Changes in Cotton due to Mercerization, Various Factors Affecting Mercerization, Methods of Mercerization – Yarns and Fabrics, Machines Used for Mercerization, Slack Mercerization, Hot Mercerization, Faults in Mercerization and their Remedies, Test Methods for Mercerized Materials. Latest Developments in Mercerization.Characterization of Solid State Structure of Textile Fibres using X-rays IRS, NMR, UVS, SEM, TEM & DGC. Various Two Phase Models for Studying Two Phase and One Phase Physical Structure Fibres. Description of the Physical Structure of Cotton, Wool, Silk, PET, Nylon and Acrylic Fibres. Moisture Relations Concept of Moisture EquilibriumMoisture HysteresisMoisture Regain Heat of AbsorptionSwelling of Textile Fibres.Effect of Moisture on Various Property of Fibres. Mechanical Properties Stress and Strain Behaviour, Factors Affecting Tensile Behaviour, Structure and Tensile Property Correlation, Elastic Recovery and Weaklink Effect.Stress Relaxation, Creep, Factor Affecting Stress Relaxation, Dynamic Mechanical Properties and their Application.Flexural and Tensional Properties, Frictional Properties, Amontons Laws of Friction, Deviation of These Laws in Fibre Friction, Bowden and Tabors Theory of Friction.Optical Properties, Measurement of Birefringence, Luster. Importance of Optical Properties. Electrical Properties Electrical Resistance, Static Electricity, Dielectric Properties. Measurement of these Properties. Thermal Properties Thermal Conductivity, Specific Heat, Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Expansion. Introduction to Synthetic Fibres. Production of Raw Materials for Synthetic Fibres Study of Production of PET by DMT & TPA Routes. Study of Production of PolyamidesNylon-6 Effect of Various Parameters on Nylon-6 Production Study of Semi-continuous & Integrated Continuous Process for Production of Nylon-6Production of Nylon-66. Introduction to High-performance Fibres Study of Production of Carbon, Boron, Silicon, Carbide, Alumina & Glass FibresStudy of Production of Aromatic Polyamides viz. Nomex, Kevlar, Technova.Concept of Liquid Crystal, Thermotropic & Leo Tropic Polymers & FibresStudy of Production of LDPE, HDPE, by GEL Spinning TechniqueProduction and Properties of PBZT AND PBZO Fibres.

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Chemical Engineering

The syllabus for Chemical Engineering for courses in doctoral and postgraduate level are as given below.

 Topics Contents Process Calculations and Thermodynamics Laws of Conservation of Mass and EnergyUse of Tie ComponentsRecycle, Bypass and Purge CalculationsDegree of Freedom Analysis.First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics and their ApplicationsEquations of State and Thermodynamic Properties of Real SystemsPhase EquilibriaFugacity, Excess Properties and Correlations of Activity CoefficientsChemical Reaction Equilibria. Momentum Transfer and Mechanical Operations Fluid StaticsNewtonian and Non-Newtonian FluidsBernoulli EquationMacroscopic Friction FactorsEnergy BalanceDimensional AnalysisShell BalancesFlow through Pipeline SystemsFlow Meters, Pumps and CompressorsPacked and Fluidized BedsElementary Boundary Layer TheorySize Reduction and Size SeparationFree and Hindered SettlingCentrifuge and CyclonesThickening and ClassificationFiltration, Mixing and AgitationConveying of Solids. Heat Transfer Conduction, Convection and RadiationHeat Transfer CoefficientsSteady and Unsteady Heat Conduction, Boiling, Condensation and EvaporationTypes of Heat Exchangers and Evaporators and their Design. Mass Transfer Molecular Diffusion in FluidsMass Transfer CoefficientsFilm, Penetration and Surface Renewal TheoriesMomentum, Heat and Mass Transfer AnalogiesStagewise and Continuous Contacting and Stage EfficienciesHTU & NTU Concepts Design and Operation of Equipment for Distillation, Absorption, Leaching, Liquid-liquid Extraction, Crystallization, Drying, Humidification, Dehumidification and Adsorption. Chemical Reaction Engineering Theories of Reaction RatesKinetics of Homogeneous Reactions, Interpretation of Kinetic Data, Single and Multiple Reactions in Ideal Reactors, Non-ideal ReactorsResidence TimeNon-isothermal ReactorsKinetics of Heterogeneous Catalytic ReactionsDiffusion Effects in Catalysis. Instrumentation and Process Control Measurement of Process VariablesSensors, Transducers and their Dynamics, Dynamics of Simple Systems, Dynamics such as CSTRsTransfer Functions and Responses of Simple SystemsProcess Reaction Curve, Controller Modes (P, PI, and PID)Control ValvesAnalysis of Closed Loop Systems Including Stability, Frequency Response (including Bode plots) and Controller Tuning, Cascade, Feed Forward Control. Plant Design and Economics Design and Sizing of Chemical Engineering Equipment Such as Compressors, Heat Exchangers, Multistage ContactorsPrinciples of Process Economics and Cost Estimation including Total Annualized Cost, Cost Indexes, Rate of Return, Payback Period, Discounted Cash Flow, Optimization in Design. Chemical Technology Inorganic Chemical IndustriesSulfuric Acid, NaOH, Fertilizers (Ammonia, Urea, SSP and TSP)Natural Products Industries (Pulp and Paper, Sugar, Oil, and Fats)Petroleum Refining and PetrochemicalsPolymerization IndustriesPolyethylene, Polypropylene, PVC and Polyester Synthetic Fibers.

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Biotechnology

The VTU ULRAT syllabus for Ph.D and M.Sc. in Biotechnology is as follows.

 Topics Contents Basics Of Unit Operations Basics of Sedimentation, Setting, Filtration, Size Reduction, and Mixing.Basic Modes of Heat Transfer, Uni-layer, Multi-layer, and Steady State Conduction.Principles of Diffusion, Distillation, Drying, Evaporation, Extraction, Adsorption and Iron-exchange Operations. Fundamental Of Momentum Transfer Euler Equation, Momentum BalanceFlow through Circular and Non-circular SectionsHagen-Poiseulles EquationsLosses through Pipe and Fittings, Turbulent Flow, and Friction Factor. Basic Biochemistry Structure and Properties of Mono, Di, and PolysaccharidesStructure and Properties of Fatty Acids, Neutral FatsPhospholipids, Glycolipids and SteroidsStructure and Properties of Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins.Biologically Important Peptides.Structure and Properties of Purines, Pyrimidines, Nucleosides, Nucleotides, Ribonucleic Acids, Nucleoprotein Complexes. Fundamentals of Cell Structure And Function Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic CellsPlant and Animal CellsTypes of Cell FunctionsCell Division, Mitosis and Meiosis.Formal Structure in the Cytoplasm, Nucleus, Mitochondria, Ribosome, Golgi Bodies, Lysosomes. Endoplasmic Reticulum, Peroxisomes, Chloroplast and Vacuoles.Cell to Cell Integration, Cell Locomotion (Ameoboid Flagella, Cillar). Muscle and Nerve Cell. Structure and Functioning of Endocrine Cells including the Neuro-Secretary Cell. Basics Of Biophysical And Biochemical Techniques Rayleigh ScatteringUltra-centrifugationViscometry, CrystallizationX-ray CrystallographyNeutron Diffraction,NMR SpectroscopyElectron MicroscopySTM, AFM, LuminescenceFluorimeter, Falme, PhotometryOptical Activity, CD, UV, IR, Laser Raman and ESR, EPR. Calorimetry, DSC, Spectrophotometry, Mass Spectrometry, LC-MS, MALDI-TOF, Chromatography, Electrophoresis. Fundamentals Of Thermodynamics System, Surrounding and ProcessClosed and Open SystemState and PropertiesIntensive & Extensive PropertiesState and Path FunctionsEquilibrium State and Phase RuleZeroth Law of ThermodynamicsHeat Reservoir and Heat EnginesReversible and Irreversible Processes. General Statement of First Law of Therodynamics, First Law for Cyclic Process, Non-Flow Process, Flow Process, Heat Capacity. Basic Genetics and Genetic Engineering Nature of Genetic MaterialDNA ReplicationMendelian Laws of InheritanceMonohybrid and Dihybrid InheritanceLaw of Segregation and Independent AssortmentGene Interactions, Supplementary Genes, Complementary Genes, Epistasis. Identification of Genetic Material, Classical Experiments- Hershey & Chase, Avery McLeod etc. Multiple Alleles and Groups Antigens. Role of Genes within Cells, Genetic Code, Genetic Elements that Control Gene ExpressionMethods of Creating Recombinant DNA MoleculesVectors in Recombinant DNA Technology, Biology and Salient Features of Vectors, Types of Vectors-plasmids, Cosmids, Phages and Viruses. Gene Transfer Techniques, Genetic Engineering of Plants and Animals, Structure and Functions of T-DNA in the Expression of Genes, Ti Plasmid-mediated Gene Transfer. Introductory Bioinformatics Databases Sequence DatabaseStructure DatabaseMedical Databases. Sequence Alignment and Database SearchesOptional AlignmentDatabase Similarity Searching, FASTA, BLAST. Aspects of Multiple Sequence Alignment. Phylogenetic Analysis: Tree- Building Methods, Evaluating Trees and Data. Predictive Methods for Detecting Functional Sites in the DNA. Predictive Methods for Secondary Structure, Tertiary folds from Protein Sequences. Plasmid Mapping and Primer Design. Bioprocess Principles Concept of Mole and Molecule, Composition of Mixtures of Solids, Liquids and Gases.Composition of Mixtures and Solutions- Percentage by Weight, Mole and VolumeNormality, Morality, Molality, and ppm, pH and pK Buffer Calculations. Outline of an Integrated Bioprocess and the Various (upstream and downstream) Unit Operations Involved in BioprocessesGeneralized Process Flow Sheets. Process Flow Sheet and Unit Operations in Chemical and Bioprocess IndustriesGeneral Material Balance Equation for Steady and Unsteady States. Basic Concepts of Energy Balance. Couples Reactions and Energy Rise CompoundsReaction StoichiometryCriteria of Biochemical Reaction EquilibriumEquilibrium Constant and Standard Free Energy ChangeEffect of TemperaturePressure on Equilibrium Constants and Other Factors Affecting Equilibrium Conversion, Liquid Phase Reactions, Heterogeneous Bioreaction Equilibria, Phase Rule for Reacting Systems.

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Chemistry

The syllabus for VTU ULRAT Ph.D and M.Sc. in Chemistry are as follows.

 Topics Contents Periodic Properties Atomic Radii Ionization Energy in Groups and Periods Electron Affinity Chemical Bonding Organic Chemistry Classification and Nomenclature of Organic Compounds. Electronic Effects and Reactive IntermediatesPrinciples of Purification of Organic Compounds Halogens Cycloalkanes Aromatic Hydrocarbons Elimination Reaction Organo-metallic Compounds Alcohols ,Phenols Carboxyl Compounds Carboxylic Acid Hydroxy AcidsAmines Diazonium Compounds. Active Methyl CompoundsCarbohydrates Stereochemistry Amino Acids Peptides Proteins, Oils and Fats Waxes, Dyes, Terpenes. Drugs, Hormones and Vitamins. Inorganic Chemistry Molecular Orbital TheoryGeneral Characteristics of s- block and p- block Elements Gravimetry Statistical Analysis of Results of Quantitative Measurements (Errors – Accuracy – Precession etc). Nobel Gases Non-aqueous Solvents Ion Exchange Metallurgy Gaseous Fuels. Physical Chemistry Liquid Mixtures Properties of Liquid Mixtures Colligative Properties Chemical Kinetics Colloids Emulsions Crystallography. Electrochemistry Hydrolysis of SaltsIonic Equilibria. Distribution Law. Nuclear Chemistry Fundamental Properties of Nucleons Isotopes Nuclear Stability Binding Energy Nuclear ModelsFission and Fusion Nuclear Transmutation Radioactivity Nuclear Reactors Accelerators Application of Nuclear Chemistry. Thermodynamics Gas Laws Thermodynamic Processes State Function Laws of Thermodynamics Heat Engine Free EnergyEntropy Phase Equilibria.

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Physics

The VTU ULRAT 2023 syllabus for Physics for Ph.D and M.Sc. are as follows.

 Topics Contents Mechanics and Properties of Matter Frames of ReferenceRigid Body Dynamics Moment of Inertia Laws of Conservation. Elasticity, Viscosity and Surface Tension. Heat and Thermodynamics Kinetic TheoryLaws of RadiationThermodynamics Liquification of Gases Entropy Heat Engines and Refrigeration. Thermal Conductivity. Waves Acoustics Progressive Waves Superposition Doppler Effect Acoustics of Buildings Fourier Transforms Ultrasonics. Optics Theories of Light Interference Diffraction Polarisation Optical Instruments Resolving Power.Laser - Production, Properties and Applications. Electricity and Magnetism Electrostatics Galvanometers - Measuring Instruments Alternating and Direct Current Generation and Analysis – Thermoelectricity – Electromagnetism. Atomic and Molecular Physics Electron: Atomic Models , Atomic Spectra, Molecular Spectra and Related Measurements. Zeeman Effect. X- Rays - Crystallography. Nuclear Physics Nucleus Nuclear Models Mass Spectrographs RadioactivityAccelerators Nuclear Detectors Nuclear Reactions Cosmic Ray Mossbauer Effect Magnetic Resonance - Applications Elementary Particles. Solid State Physics Relativity Special and General Theories of Relativity Statistical Physics Specific Heats of Solids Band Theory of Solids Classification of Solids Electrical Conductivity in Solids Dielectric and Magnetic Properties Specific Heats of Solids Semiconductors - Applications Semiconductor Devices Transistors, Amplifiers, Oscillators, Digital ElectronicsSuperconductivity. Quantum Physics Failure of Classical Physics DualityWave FunctionSchrodinger Wave Equations. Solutions Eigen Values. Recent Trends in Physics Liquid Crystals Optical Fibers Smart Materials NanoMaterials.

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Business Administration

The modules and contents for VTU ULRAT syllabus in Business Administration are as given below.

 Modules Contents Management Definition, Nature, Purpose and Functions. Principles of Management. Planning: Nature-type-stepsOrganizing: Organization StructureSpan of ManagementCentralization, Decentralization. Staffing: Overview.Directing and ControllingMBO. Organization Behaviour Nature: Learning, Personality: Definition-Traits-Determinants. Perception; Meaning, Factors Influencing Perception, and Decision making. Marketing Management Meaning Importance Marketing Management ProcessMarketing Mix. Human Resource Management Definition, NatureScope-Managerial and Operative Functions of HRM. Objections of HRM. Financial Management Definition, Scope, Functions, Objectives, Time Value of Money. Latest Management Concepts in all the Above Modules.

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Polymer Science and Technology

The syllabus for Ph.D and M.Sc. in Polymer Science and Technology is as given below.

 Topics Contents Fundamentals of Polymer Science Definition to Polymer/ Macromolecules, Copolymer, Blends, Composites, Fibres, etc. Classification of Polymers, Functionality of Monomers. Explain the terms Crystallinity, Amorphous, Tacticity, Stereoregularity, Tg/Tm, Configuration/ Conformation.Chemistry and Mechanism of Polymerization Methods of Polymerization Bulk, Solution, Suspension, Emulsion, Solid Phase, Gas Phase Polymerizations Molecular Weight and Size Concept of Molecular Weights Number Average, Weight Average, Viscosity Average and Z Average Molecular Weight - Definitions and Mathematical ExpressionMolecular Weight Distribution (MWD) & Its Importance and Polydispersity. Polymer Properties Approach and the Concept of Chemical Structure of Polymers. Polymer Testing/ Characterization Density, Bulk Density, UTM, Stress-strain Curves (Types)Definition for Tensile Modulus, Impact StrengthThermal Methods-DSC and TGA (Basics), the Melt Viscosity (MFI) Chemistry, Properties and Uses of Some Polymers Types of Polyethylene (LDPE & HDPE), Nylons, PP, PS, PAN, PMMA, PET, PC, NR, SBR, Epoxies.

#### VTU ULRAT 2023 Syllabus for Ph.D & M.Sc in Architecture

The VTU ULRAT 2023 syllabus for Ph.D and M.Sc in Architecture is as given below.

 Topics Contents City Planning Historical Development of City PlanningPrinciples of City Planning, New Towns, Survey MethodsSite Planning and Planning Regulations and Building By-Laws. Housing Concept of ShelterHousing Design and PoliciesRole of Government AgenciesFinance and Management. Landscape Design Principles of Landscape DesignLandscape Elements, Materials, Planning Design Visual and Urban Design Principles of Visual CompositionProportion, Scale, Rhythm, Symmetry, Asymmetry HarmonyThe Balance of Form and Color, Sense of Place and SpaceThe Division of Space, Focal Point Vista, Visual Survey. History of Architecture: Indian - Indus Valley, Vedic, Buddhist, Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Mughal PeriodsEuropean - Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Medieval, and Renaissance Periods. Development of Contemporary Architecture Development and Impact on Society Since Industrial RevolutionInfluence of Modern Art on ArchitectureWorks of National and International ArchitectsPost-Modernism in Architecture. Planning Theory Planning ProcessComprehet1sivc PlanningLand Use and Density in Residential and Non-residential AreasCentral Place TheoryRank-size RuleSettlement PatternLand Utilization, and District Level Planning. Techniques of Planning Application of Remote Sensing Techniques in Urban and Regional PlanningPlanning Surveys, Methods of Preparation of Urban and Regional Development Plans. Structure Plans, Strategy Plans etc. and Site Planning Principles and Design. Introduction to Research Science and Common Sense. Four Methods of Knowing, Science and its Functions. Scientific Explanation and Theory, Scientific Research- a Definition. Problems and Hypotheses, Problem Values and Definitions. Generality and Specific Problems and Hypotheses.

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