Medical Courses: Eligibility, Admission, Syllabus, Placements

Surobhi Chatterjee

Surobhi Chatterjee

, Feb 28, 2023

Aspirants in India have many Medical stream courses that they can pursue. All Medical courses in India present students with very promising career options and rewarding salaries. The Medical course duration depends on the type of course that the student chooses to pursue.

All medical courses listed include job-oriented courses that are offered at UG, PG, and Doctorate levels. Some of the top Medical courses include Medical Nursing Course, Medical Research Courses, Medical Laboratory Course, Medical Terminology Course, Medical Electronics Course, Medical Law Courses, and Medical Management Course.

The Medical course details for the students depend on the exact course that the students are applying for. The Medical courses in college that are taught to the students are designed keeping the needs of the industry in mind. Hence, students can expect to gain a lot of knowledge and exposure when pursuing medical courses.

Table Of Contents:

Medical Courses List

Medical courses can be accessed by students at various levels of study. There is scope for the students to pursue Medical courses after 12th, after graduation or PG. Additionally, students can enrol on some diploma courses as Medical courses after the 10th. 

The Medical courses list is very diverse and flexible for the students to pursue. Hence, every student can gain the exposure that they wish to pursue. Some of the unique but popular Medical field courses include specialisations in Medical Physics Course, Medical Representative Course, Medical Science Courses, Medical Technology Course, Medical Technician Course, Medical Administration Course And Medical Billing Courses.

Given below are different types of Medical courses that the students can pursue:

Undergraduate Medical Courses

There are a lot of options for students when it comes to undergraduate courses in the Medical field. UG Medical courses aim to introduce students to all the important and vital concepts related to the field. They give students an introduction to all the important concepts in the field. For admission to these courses, entrance exams play an important role. Hence admission is possible for most Medical courses with the NEET exams.

These courses are provided to the students in a wide range of specialisations and sub-fields. There are many options for Medical courses without MBBS degree as well.

Some of the Medical courses after the 12th include:

Postgraduate Medical Courses

There are plenty of PG Medical courses that can be pursued by the students. These PG courses give an in-depth understanding to the students in their chosen field of specialisation. These medical courses' duration tends to be of two years, and the primary means of admission to these courses is entrance exams.

Given below are some of the popular postgraduate Medical courses list that the students can enrol in:

Diploma/ PG Diploma Medical Courses

Many students may choose to apply for short-term courses in the Medical field such as Diploma courses. These diploma courses are also often Medical courses after 12th without NEET, making them accessible for a lot of students in India. The Medical Diploma courses are designed to introduce students to a very specific topic in a time-saving and affordable way.

Some of the best diploma Medical courses, universities in India provided are listed below:

Certificate Medical Courses

There are many Medical certificate courses that the students can enrol in. The primary purpose of a certificate course is to help the students gain in-depth knowledge in a specialised field in a short period of time. The certificate courses are often provided by industry-relevant employers or educational institutions.

Given below are some of the top online certificate Medical professional courses that the students can take:

  • Anatomy Certificate By Coursera
  • Introduction to Biology Of Cancer By Coursera
  • Introduction to Psychology by Coursera
  • Anatomy: Know your Abdomen By Future Learn
  • Causes of Human Disease: Nutrition and Environment By Future Learn
  • Causes of Human Disease: Transmitting and Fighting Infection By Future Learn
  • How to read chest X-Ray By Udemy
  • Emergency Medicine By Udemy
  • Cardiac Anatomy & Physiology By Udemy

Doctorate Medical Courses

The Doctorate in Medical course is pursued by students who wish to enter the research field. The minimum duration of the doctorate course is 2 years and it could be extended as per the demands of the research. Candidates who have completed doctorate courses have the option to become teachers or lecturers in colleges.

  • PhD in Medicine
  • DM

 Eligibility for Medical Courses

The Medical course eligibility depends on the type of course that the students have applied to. The best Medical courses in India expect students to give the NEET exam. Given below are the general requirements for each course:

  • Certificate courses: Certification medical courses are done with no entrance test and will be conducted during the admission process. The admission will be completely merit based on the marks obtained in the 10th or 12th examination.
  • Diploma Courses: Admission to a diploma in medical courses is completely based on the merit of class 10th and 12th and for PG Diploma, graduation marks are considered.
  • UG Courses: All the colleges follow entrance-based admission and provide admission based on the marks secured by the candidates in the state level or national level entrance examination. Students appearing for the entrance examination should have passed 10 + 2 from a recognized board with 50% marks in aggregate.
  • PG Courses: Almost all the colleges provide admission on an entrance basis, based on the marks secured by the candidates in the state level or national level entrance examinations. Students appearing for the entrance examination should have graduated in the relevant stream from a recognized University or Institute with 50% marks in aggregate.

 Medical Courses Admission

For Medical courses admission, students need to research both the merit-based selection process and the entrance requirements. Many institutes in India conduct entrance exams to select their final list of students. The students can avail themselves of admissions through both online and offline methods.

For the online method, students must enquire at the official website of the colleges they are applying to. For offline means, they would be required to visit the college's admission office in person.

 Medical Courses Entrance Exams

There are very few Medical degree courses in India that the students can enrol in without giving an entrance exam. The best course in the Medical field requires students to participate in entrance exams as these exams function like a screening process for the final list of students.

These entrance exams can be conducted at a national level, state level or college level. Given below are some of the top exams that are conducted for admissions to the different Medical colleges in India:

UG Medical Courses Entrance Exams

PG Medical Courses Entrance Exams

 Top 10 Medical Courses in Demand

Given below are the top ten medical courses in Demand:

Name of Course



5 Years

MD General Medicine

2 Years

MS General Surgery

2 Years

MD Anatomy

2 Years

MD Respiratory Medicine

2 Years

MD Immunohematology and Blood transfusion

2 Years

MD Infectious Diseases

2 Years

MD Geriatrics

2 Years

MS Respiratory

2 Years

MS Infectious Diseases

2 Years

Medical Courses After 12th without NEET 

Most of the top medical courses can be pursued by candidates only if they can crack the NEET entrance examination. Specialisations like Medical Coding Course, Medical Lab Technician Course, Medical Transcription Course, Medical Scribing Course, and Medical Writing Courses require students to give NEET to pursue the course. 

However, few medical courses can be pursued by candidates who have not appeared for the NEET examination such as BPT, BVSc and a few more.

Read More: Medical Courses After 12th Without NEET

 Medical Course Syllabus and Subjects

The Medical course syllabus is designed to ensure that the students gain all the vital knowledge they need to get to build a rewarding career path for themselves. Although the detailed syllabus of every Medical course will vary as they are of different duration and value, they all contain the important Medical course subjects.

It is important for the students to note that medical courses are considered very tedious and difficult courses, hence, preparation for the course is important. It is recommended that students invest in Medical course books as they can be very useful when pursuing these courses.

Given below are some of the generic topics that the students may be taught during their Medical course education:

  • Introduction to Psychology
  • Anatomy: Know your Abdomen
  • Causes of Human Disease: Nutrition and Environment
  • Causes of Human Disease: Transmitting and Fighting Infection
  • How to read chest X-Ray

 Top Medical Colleges in India

The Medical course fees in India are not fixed and can depend on many factors. Some of these factors include the type of the course, the location of the college and if the college is private or public.

Given below are the top colleges along with their Medical course fees in India:


College Name

Fees (INR)


CMC, Vellore

INR 80,000


Delhi University

INR 30,000


Galgotia University

5 Lakhs


BHU, Varanasi



AMU, Aligarh



JSS Medical College, Mysore



PSG Institute of Medical Science & Research, Coimbatore



Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi



SRM IST, Chennai

5 Lakhs


AIIMS, New Delhi


Medical Course Jobs and Salaries

Medical courses in India have a lot of job scope and opportunities for graduates. The Medical courses and salary depend on the specialisation that the students choose to pursue. Some of the specialisations that the students can pursue include Medical Allied Courses, Medical Engineering Courses, Medical Imaging Technology Course, and Medical Microbiology courses.

Listed below are some of the popular job roles along with their average salaries:

Job Profile

Average Salary (INR)


2.8 LPA

Physical Therapist

2.5 LPA


10 LPA

General Surgeon

11 LPA

Clinical Forensic Medical Examiner

15 LPA

Hospital Administration


Scope of Medical Course in India

Medicine is a technical stream and it requires candidates to have good knowledge and great patience. The Medical course scope is very attractive and promising in India. With the growing need for doctors in India, Medical students have a number of career options. 

Medical is a popular career option in India that provides aspirants with the opportunity to work in a wide number of fields including research firms, large Pharmaceutical companies and hospitals. 

Top Recruiters

Medical courses in India provide students with ample job opportunities with a very bright future. Listed below are some of the top recruiters in India.

  • Max Hospitals
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • LYF Hospitals
  • NHS

Skills Required For Medical Courses

Given below are some top skills that would help the students ace the medical courses in India:

  • Empathy
  • Communication Skills
  • Teamwork
  • Work Ethic
  • Stress Management
  • Positive Attitude
  • Flexibility
  • Time Management

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Browse Medical Courses

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