MBBS is a 5-and-a-half-year course with a one-year residency internship compulsory for all the students. The course syllabus is intended to improve instructional, clinical, and interpersonal skills in preparation for various career opportunities in the Medical and Surgical departments. The MBBS course instructs students on Medicine, Surgery, and Human Anatomy. After the completion of the course, students are presented with a lot of MBBS job scope and opportunities owing to the relevance of the course.
The MBBS course syllabus is designed to provide students with knowledge of medical science advancements, human anatomy, and surgical training. They place a premium on practical experience and skills. The MBBS course syllabus is designed to provide students with all the information they need to meet the industry's demands. The MBBS subject list syllabus is divided below into semesters:
The table below contains the MBBA subjects of the first year:
|Semester I||Semester II|
|Anatomy- Microanatomy, Gross anatomy, Embryology and Genetics, and Neuroanatomy.||Biochemistry - Cancer and cancer makers, Biomolecules, Enzymes, Food assimilation, and nutrition.|
|Biochemistry - Molecular Biology, Hormones||Physiology - Respiratory System, Nutrition, Kidney|
The table below contains the MBBA subjects of the second year:
|Semester III||Semester IV|
|Community Medicine - Infestations, Ineffective dermatoses, Allergic disorders, Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections, Allergic disorders||Pathology - General Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical.|
|Forensic Medicine- Toxicology, Forensic Medicine.||Pharmacology - General Pharmacology, Cardiovascular system, Autacoids, Hormones, Miscellaneous, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system|
The table below contains the MBBA subjects of the third year:
|Semester V||Semester VI|
|Microbiology - Bacteriology, Microbiology||Community Medicine - Community Medicine deals with the health system of the overall population of a community.|
|Clinical postings in Wards||OPD|
The table below contains the MBBA subjects of the fourth year:
|Semester VII||Semester VIII|
|Medicine and allied subjects - Clinical Pharmacology||Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Obstetrics, Neonatology, and Recent Advances|
The table below contains the MBBA subjects of the fifth year:
|Paediatrics -Immunisation, Fluid-Electrolyte, Paediatrics Emergencies||Surgery and Allied Subjects, Clinical postings|
The course duration in India for MBBS is 5.5 years, each focusing on the specialization chosen by the student. At the end of the MBBS course, students have a one-year long residency programme which is compulsory for the MBBS students. The course imparts knowledge on various parts of anatomy, disease, cure and diagnosis.
The course is broken down into nine compulsory subjects and eight electives. The following are the subjects in MBBS:
Below are the MBBS core subjects:
Below is the list of MBBS elective subjects:
MBBS includes different types of subjects in all areas. NMC prescribes the whole MBBS syllabus, and the institutions work accordingly with the prescribed syllabus. Following are the 19 compulsory subjects of the MBBS course:
There are 23 specialisations offered by MBBS. The following are:
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is a 5.6 year-long undergraduate course with a one year of compulsory rational internship in any hospital or health care centre.
MBBS course is divided into 9 semesters, with each semester having 6 months. The course contains 120 days of teaching every semester. The syllabus of the MBBS course is decided by the National Medical Commission (NMC).
There are three phases for the MBBS syllabus as prescribed by NMC; Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical and Clinical. The subjects focusing on the phases are such as anatomy, biochemistry, microbiology, physiology, and so on.
The details of the phases are given below:
|Phase I||Semester 2||Pre-Clinical Subjects|
|Phase II||Semester 3||Para-Clinical and Clinical Subjects|
|Phase III||Semester 4||The study of clinical subjects for 7 semesters after passing semester I|
The syllabus of MBBS released by NMC is divided into 3 phases. The whole syllabus is divided into 9 semesters, each semester lasting for 6 months.
Each semester will contain approximately 120 days of the teaching period. This course division will also include one year of rational internship for students. Refer to the following table for a better understanding of the division of the MBBS syllabus:
|Pre-Clinical||Two Semesters 1 - 2||Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology|
|Para-Clinical||Three Semesters 3 - 5||Pathology, Forensic Medicine Pharmacology, Community Medicine, Clinical postings inwards, Microbiology|
|Clinical||Four Semesters6 - 9||Medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Paediatrics, Community Medicine|
|Surgery and allied subjects||-||Ophthalmology, Anesthesiology, ENT,, Orthopaedics|
Students wanting a detailed version of the syllabus with all the subjects and semesters can refer to the below table:
|Pre-Clinical||Anatomy||Gross anatomy, Microanatomy, Embryology, and Genetics, Neuroanatomy|
|Para-clinical||Toxicology & Forensic Medicine||Toxicology, Forensic Medicine|
|Clinical||Anesthesiology||Skills I/V, Cannulation, Preoperative evaluation & optimization, Bag-Mask Ventilation|
MBBS course comprises a one-year compulsory rational internship in any hospital or health care centre. This internship plays a vital role in providing hands-on experience to students and enhancing their skills.
During the internship period, students learn to work on their interpersonal skills and communication skills. They learn to talk with patients and solve their problems with their professional knowledge.
The concerned department of medical will be providing the logbook for each student. The posting will be changed during intervals and will be notified by the department. The posting period is specified in the below table:
|Obstetrics and Gynaecology||1 month|
The Preclinical phase is the first phase of the MBBS course.
The para-Clinical phase is the second phase of MBBS that starts from the second year.
The third phase of MBBS is also the continuation of phase II, as follows:
The MBBS course subjects and syllabus cover twenty-three specialisations, nine compulsory subjects, and eight electives. The course's theoretical component focuses on human anatomy, medicine, and surgeries.
The course structure initially focuses on familiarising students with advanced medical terminology and training them on surgical fundamentals. Internships are heavily promoted in the course to help students understand surgeries, medical procedures, and patient care management.
Internships and workshops are held each semester to prepare students for careers in the healthcare industry. The following topics are covered in the MBBS course:
The subjects and syllabus for the MBBS course include nine compulsory subjects. The course's theoretical component focuses on medicine, human anatomy, and surgeries.
The course structure is intended to familiarise students with the fundamentals of surgery through hands-on experience assisting during major surgeries.
Internships are heavily promoted throughout the course to assist students in understanding surgeries, medical procedures, and patient care management. Each semester, internships and workshops are held to prepare students for careers in the healthcare industry.
The MBBS course is primarily project-based. A candidate for this course must be hands-on and always prepared to face the challenges of working in the healthcare industry. They are taught to focus on the course's practical aspects from the start. This is the process of preparing them for the demands of the industry. Some of the MBBS Project topics are as follows:
There are various books that touch on different topics on MBBS. These books provide guidelines and basic information on dialysis and its techniques. Listed below are some MBBS books for reference:
|Name of Book||Author|
|Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine||K.Park|
|Basic and Clinical Pharmacology||Ph.D. Katzung, Bertram G., M.D. and Ph.D. Vanderah, Todd W|
|Handbook of General Anatomy||BD Chaurasia|