MBBS Subjects and Syllabus:

The subjects mentioned in the curriculum for students who wish to pursue or are in the process of pursuing an MBBS are:

Sl.No. Subjects
1 Human Anatomy
2 Human Physiology including Bio-Physics
3 Biochemistry
4 Introduction to Humanities & Community Medicine
5 Forensic Medicine Including Toxicology
6 Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
7 Orthopedics
8 Radiotherapy
9 Ophthalmology
10 Obstetrics and Gynaecology
11 General Medicine
12 General Surgery
13 Pediatrics
14 Obstetrics & Gynaecology
15 Dermatology
16 Ophthalmology
17 Orthopedics
18 Ear, Nose, and Throat [E.N.T.]
19 Psychiatry
20 Anaesthesiology

The MCI Regulations establish a mandatory training period for MBBS aspirants:

Every student must undergo a period of certified study extending over 4½ academic years divided into 9 semesters, (i.e. of 6 months each) from the date of commencement of his study for the subjects comprising the medical curriculum to the date of completion of the examination and followed by a one-year compulsory rotating internship.

Each semester will consist of approximately 120 teaching days of hours each college working time, including one hour of lunch. The period of 4½ years is divided into 3 phases as follows:

Phase-I (two semesters) 

  • It consists of pre-clinical subjects (Human Anatomy, Physiology including Bio-Physics, Biochemistry, and introduction to Community Medicine including Humanities).
  • Besides 60 hours for the introduction to Community Medicine including Humanities, the rest of the time shall be somewhat equally divided between Anatomy and Physiology plus Biochemistry combined (Physiology 2/3 and Biochemistry 1/3).

Phase-II (three semesters)

  • It consists of paraclinical subjects. During this phase teaching of para-clinical and clinical subjects shall be done concurrently. The para-clinical subjects shall consist of Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Forensic Medicine including Toxicology and part of Community Medicine. 
  • The clinical subjects shall consist of all these detailed below in Phase III. Out of the time for Para-clinical teaching, approximately equal time is allotted to Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology and Forensic Medicine and Community Medicine combined (1/3 Forensic Medicine and 2/3 Community Medicine).

Phase-III (continuation of the study of clinical subjects for seven semesters after passing Phase-I) 

  • The clinical subjects to be taught during Phase II and III are Medicine and its allied specialties, Surgery and its allied specialties, Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Community Medicine.
  • Besides clinical posting as per schedule mentioned herewith, the rest of the teaching hours be divided into didactic lectures, demonstrations, seminars, group discussions, etc. into various subjects.
  • The Medicine and its allied specialities training will include General Medicine, Pediatrics, Tuberculosis and Chest, Skin and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Psychiatry, Radio-diagnosis, Infectious diseases, etc.
  • The Surgery and its allied specialities training will include General Surgery, Orthopedics Surgery including Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Anesthesia, Dentistry, Radiotherapy, etc.
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology training will include family medicine, family welfare planning, etc.

The first 2 semesters (approximately 240 teaching days) shall be occupied in Phase I (pre-clinical) subjects and introduction to a broader understanding of the perspectives of medical education leading to the delivery of health care. No student shall be permitted to join the Phase II (Pare-clinical/clinical) group of subjects until he has passed in all the Phase I (Pre-clinical) subjects for which he will be permitted not more than four chances (actual examination), provided four chances are completed in three years from the date of enrollment.

After passing pre-clinical subjects, 1½ year (3 semesters) shall be devoted to para-clinical subjects. Phase II will be devoted to para-clinical and clinical subjects, along with clinical posting. During the clinical phase (Phase III) pre-clinical and para-clinical teaching will be integrated into the teaching of clinical subjects where relevant. Didactic lectures should not exceed one-third of the time schedule; the two-third schedule should include practical, clinical or/and group discussions. The learning process should include living experiences, a problem-oriented approach, case studies, and community healthcare activities.

Universities shall organize admission timings and admission processes in such a way that teaching in the first semester starts by the 1st of August each year. The supplementary examination may be conducted within 6 months so that the students who pass can join the main batch and the failed students will have to appear in the subsequent year.

The detailed syllabus for an aspirant of MBBS throughout his or her curriculum is as follows:

MBBS Syllabus
Sl. No Subjects of Study
1 General Medicine
2 Pediatrics
3 Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases
4 Skin & STD
5 Psychiatry
6 Radiology
7 General Surgery
8 Orthopedics
9 Ophthalmology
10 Ear Nose And Throat
11 Obstetrics and Gynaecology including Family Welfare Planning
12 Community Medicine
13 Casualty
14 Dentistry

An internship is a phase of training wherein a graduate is expected to conduct the actual practice of medicine and healthcare and acquire skills under supervision so that he/she may become capable of functioning independently. Time allocation to each discipline is approximate and shall be guided more specifically by the actual experience obtained.

Thus a student serving in a district or taluk hospital emergency room may well accumulate skill in surgery, orthopedics, medicine, obstetrics and Gynaecology, and Paediatrics during even a single night on duty. Responsible authorities from the medical college shall adjust the intern experience to maximize the intern’s opportunities to practice skills in patient care in a rough approximation of the time allocation suggested.

Subjects Duration
Community Medicine 3 months
Medicine 2 months
Surgery including Orthopaedics 2 months
Obst./Gynae. Including Family 2 months
Welfare Planning 15 days
Paediatric 15 days
Ophthalmology 15 days
Otorhinolaryngology 15 days
Casualty 1 Month

The elective subjects allowed for aspirants of MBBS are:

  1. Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  2. Psychiatry
  3. Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
  4. Anesthesia
  5. Radio-diagnosis
  6. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  7. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
  8. Blood Bank and Transfusion Department

MBBS Specialisations:

Some major MBBS specialization areas are:

  1. General Medicine
  2. General Surgery
  3. Pediatrics
  4. Obstetrics and Gynecology
  5. Dermatology
  6. Ophthalmology
  7. Orthopedics
  8. ENT
  9. Psychiatry
  10. Anesthesiology
  11. Plastic Surgery
  12. Neuro Surgery
  13. Cardio-Thoracic surgery
  14. Continuos Urinary surgery
  15. Pediatric Surgery
  16. Gastroenterology
  17. Endocrinology
  18. Clinical Hematology
  19. Nephrology
  20. Cardiology
  21. Immunology
  22. Craniologist
  23. Pathologist

Other Related Course Syllabus:

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