MBBS is a 5-and-a-half-year course with a one-year residency internship compulsory for all the students. The course syllabus is intended to improve instructional, clinical, and interpersonal skills in preparation for various career opportunities in the Medical and Surgical departments. The MBBS course instructs students on Medicine, Surgery, and Human Anatomy. After the completion of the course, students are presented with a lot of MBBS job scope and opportunities owing to the relevance of the course.

MBBS Semester Wise Syllabus

The MBBS course syllabus is designed to provide students with knowledge of medical science advancements, human anatomy, and surgical training. They place a premium on practical experience and skills. The MBBS course syllabus is designed to provide students with all the information they need to meet the industry's demands. The MBBS subject list syllabus is divided below into semesters:

MBBS First Year Syllabus

The table below contains the MBBA subjects of the first year:

Semester I Semester II
Anatomy- Microanatomy, Gross anatomy, Embryology and Genetics, and Neuroanatomy. Biochemistry - Cancer and cancer makers, Biomolecules, Enzymes, Food assimilation, and nutrition.
Biochemistry - Molecular Biology, Hormones Physiology - Respiratory System, Nutrition, Kidney

MBBS Second Year Syllabus

The table below contains the MBBA subjects of the second year:

Semester III Semester IV
Community Medicine - Infestations, Ineffective dermatoses, Allergic disorders, Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections, Allergic disorders Pathology - General Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical.
Forensic Medicine- Toxicology, Forensic Medicine. Pharmacology - General Pharmacology, Cardiovascular system, Autacoids, Hormones, Miscellaneous, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system

MBBS Third Year Syllabus

The table below contains the MBBA subjects of the third year:

Semester V Semester VI
Microbiology - Bacteriology, Microbiology Community Medicine - Community Medicine deals with the health system of the overall population of a community.
Clinical postings in Wards OPD

MBBS Fourth Year Syllabus

The table below contains the MBBA subjects of the fourth year:

Semester VII Semester VIII
Medicine and allied subjects - Clinical Pharmacology Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Obstetrics, Neonatology, and Recent Advances

MBBS Fifth Year Syllabus

The table below contains the MBBA subjects of the fifth year:

Semester IX
Paediatrics -Immunisation, Fluid-Electrolyte, Paediatrics Emergencies Surgery and Allied Subjects, Clinical postings

MBBS Subjects

The course duration in India for MBBS is 5.5 years, each focusing on the specialization chosen by the student. At the end of the MBBS course, students have a one-year long residency programme which is compulsory for the MBBS students. The course imparts knowledge on various parts of anatomy, disease, cure and diagnosis.

The course is broken down into nine compulsory subjects and eight electives. The following are the subjects in MBBS:

Core Subjects

Below are the MBBS core subjects:

  • Community Medicine
  • Medicine
  • Surgery including Orthopaedics
  • Gynae- Including Family
  • Paediatric
  • Ophthalmology
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Casualty

Elective Subjects

Below is the list of MBBS elective subjects:

  • Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Psychiatry
  • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
  • Anaesthesia
  • Radio-diagnosis
  • Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
  • Blood Bank and Transfusion Department

19 Subjects of MBBS

MBBS includes different types of subjects in all areas. NMC prescribes the whole MBBS syllabus, and the institutions work accordingly with the prescribed syllabus. Following are the 19 compulsory subjects of the MBBS course:

  • Microbiology
  • Community Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Community Medicine
  • Orthopaedics
  • Pathology
  • Anatomy
  • Biochemistry
  • Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
  • Clinical postings inwards
  • OPD
  • ENT
  • Ophthalmology
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology and Venereology
  • Paediatrics
  • Anesthesiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

MBBS Specialisations

There are 23 specialisations offered by MBBS. The following are:

  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Paediatrics
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Dermatology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Orthopaedics
  • ENT
  • Psychiatry
  • Anesthesiology
  • Plastic Surgery
  • Neuro Surgery
  • Cardio-Thoracic surgery
  • Continuous Urinary surgery
  • Paediatric Surgery
  • Gastroenterology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Haematology
  • Nephrology
  • Cardiology
  • Immunology
  • Craniologist
  • Pathologist

MBBS Syllabus - Medicine Subjects Phase wise details

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is a 5.6 year-long undergraduate course with a one year of compulsory rational internship in any hospital or health care centre.

MBBS course is divided into 9 semesters, with each semester having 6 months. The course contains 120 days of teaching every semester. The syllabus of the MBBS course is decided by the National Medical Commission (NMC).

Phases of MBBS Syllabus

There are three phases for the MBBS syllabus as prescribed by NMC; Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical and Clinical. The subjects focusing on the phases are such as  anatomy, biochemistry, microbiology, physiology, and so on.

The details of the phases are given below: 

Phase Semester Details
Phase I Semester 2 Pre-Clinical Subjects
Phase II Semester 3 Para-Clinical and Clinical Subjects
Phase III Semester 4 The study of clinical subjects for 7 semesters after passing semester I

Division of MBBS Syllabus

The syllabus of MBBS released by NMC is divided into 3 phases. The whole syllabus is divided into 9 semesters, each semester lasting for 6 months.

Each semester will contain approximately 120 days of the teaching period. This course division will also include one year of rational internship for students. Refer to the following table for a better understanding of the division of the MBBS syllabus:

Phase Semesters Subjects covered
Pre-Clinical  Two Semesters 1 - 2 Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology
Para-Clinical Three Semesters 3 - 5 Pathology, Forensic Medicine Pharmacology, Community Medicine, Clinical postings inwards, Microbiology
Clinical Four Semesters6 - 9 Medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Paediatrics, Community Medicine
Surgery and allied subjects - Ophthalmology, Anesthesiology, ENT,, Orthopaedics
Clinical postings - -

MBBS Syllabus - Division of Subjects Covered

Students wanting a detailed version of the syllabus with all the subjects and semesters can refer to the below table: 

Phase Subject Topics
Pre-Clinical Anatomy Gross anatomy, Microanatomy, Embryology, and Genetics, Neuroanatomy
Para-clinical Toxicology & Forensic Medicine Toxicology, Forensic Medicine
Clinical Anesthesiology Skills I/V, Cannulation, Preoperative evaluation & optimization, Bag-Mask Ventilation

MBBS Syllabus - 12 Months Rotatory Internship 

MBBS course comprises a one-year compulsory rational internship in any hospital or health care centre. This internship plays a vital role in providing hands-on experience to students and enhancing their skills.

During the internship period, students learn to work on their interpersonal skills and communication skills. They learn to talk with patients and solve their problems with their professional knowledge.

The concerned department of medical will be providing the logbook for each student. The posting will be changed during intervals and will be notified by the department. The posting period is specified in the below table:

Speciality Duration
Medicine 1.5 months
Surgery 1.5 months
Rural 3-month
Paediatrics 1-month
Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1 month
Casualty 1-month
Anaesthesiology 15 days
Ophthalmology 15 days
Elective 2 months
Total 12 months

MBBS Pre-Clinical Phase

The Preclinical phase is the first phase of the MBBS course. 

  • This phase consists of 2 semesters consisting of 6 months each.
  • It includes the study of subjects like anatomy, biochemistry, etc.
  • Preclinical phases consist of practicals on gross anatomy, microanatomy, genetics, etc.

MBBS Para-Clinical Phase 

The para-Clinical phase is the second phase of MBBS that starts from the second year. 

  • This phase consists of 3 semesters: the 3rd, 4th, and 5th semesters, all consisting of 6 months each.
  • The subjects included in these semesters are Microbiology, pathology, toxicology, etc.
  • During this phase, students are introduced to community medicines.
  • During this phase, students are authorised with the responsibilities of OPD in different wards of the hospital.

MBBS Clinical Phase 

The third phase of MBBS is also the continuation of phase II, as follows:

  • In this phase, students continue to study community medicines.
  • In this phase, they learn allied MBBS and medical subjects like dermatology, Psychiatry, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, etc.
  • Students also learn about surgery and allied fields.
  • The clinical posting of students continues in this phase.

MBBS Course Structure

The MBBS course subjects and syllabus cover twenty-three specialisations, nine compulsory subjects, and eight electives. The course's theoretical component focuses on human anatomy, medicine, and surgeries.

The course structure initially focuses on familiarising students with advanced medical terminology and training them on surgical fundamentals. Internships are heavily promoted in the course to help students understand surgeries, medical procedures, and patient care management.

Internships and workshops are held each semester to prepare students for careers in the healthcare industry. The following topics are covered in the MBBS course:

  • Five and half years
  • Twenty three Specialisation
  • Nine Compulsory Subjects
  • Eight Elective Subjects
  • Projects and Dissertation
  • Practical Sessions
  • Internships And Workshops
  • Conferences

MBBS Teaching Methodology and Techniques

The subjects and syllabus for the MBBS course include nine compulsory subjects. The course's theoretical component focuses on medicine, human anatomy, and surgeries.

The course structure is intended to familiarise students with the fundamentals of surgery through hands-on experience assisting during major surgeries.

Internships are heavily promoted throughout the course to assist students in understanding surgeries, medical procedures, and patient care management. Each semester, internships and workshops are held to prepare students for careers in the healthcare industry.

  • Case Studies
  • Paper Presentation on Conferences
  • Practical Sessions
  • Real-time Surgery Projects
  • Internships

MBBS Project

The MBBS course is primarily project-based. A candidate for this course must be hands-on and always prepared to face the challenges of working in the healthcare industry. They are taught to focus on the course's practical aspects from the start. This is the process of preparing them for the demands of the industry. Some of the MBBS Project topics are as follows:

  • Epidemics versus pandemics
  • Child health care
  • Medical humanitarian missions in the developing world
  • Homoeopathic medicines – the placebo effect
  • Virus infections – causes and treatment

MBBS Reference Books

There are various books that touch on different topics on MBBS. These books provide guidelines and basic information on dialysis and its techniques. Listed below are some MBBS books for reference:

MBBS Reference Books
Name of Book Author
Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine K.Park
Basic and Clinical Pharmacology  Ph.D. Katzung, Bertram G., M.D. and Ph.D. Vanderah, Todd W
Handbook of General Anatomy BD Chaurasia

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