MCA Syllabus and Subjects


3 Years

Average Fees

INR 30,000 - 2.4 LPA

Lisha Gupta

Updated on Jan 5, 2023 by Lisha Gupta

Lisha Gupta

Updated on Jan 5, 2023 by Lisha Gupta

The MCA course has a duration of over three years and the syllabus is divided into six semesters. The MCA specializations syllabus includes networking, systems management, application software, AI,business programming, etc. The MCA job scope expands to various opportunities with employment roles like software developer, web designer, system analyst, etc.

Table of Contents

Semester-Wise MCA Syllabus

The semester-wise MCA syllabus focuses on studying the subjects of computer programming, software development, database management, C++ etc. The 6 semesters in the MCA course syllabus introduce students to the theoretical tenets of computer science along with a practical pedagogy regarding the various applications of the subject matter. Below is a semester-wise breakdown of the MCA syllabus:

MCA First Year Syllabus

The table below contains the MCA first-year syllabus:

Semester I Semester II
Mathematical Foundation Operating Systems
Fundamentals of Computer Organization Probability and Combinatorics
Web Technology Unix and Windows Lab
Elements of Basic Communication InfoSystems Analysis Design and Fundamentals
Data and File Structure Oral and Wireless Communication
Programming Fundamentals Business Programme Lab

MCA Second Year Syllabus

The table below contains the MCA second-year syllabus:

Semester III Semester IV
Statistical Computing Network Lab
Database Management Systems Organizational Behavior
Object-Oriented Analysis and Design CASE Tools Lab
Computer Communication Networks Network Programming
Management Support System Software Engineering I
DBMS Lab Elective I & II

MCA Third-Year Syllabus

The table below contains the MCA third-year syllabus:

Semester V Semester VI
Software Engineering II Project
AI and Application Lab Seminar
Industrial Project -
Optimization Techniques -
Elective III -
Elective IV -

MCA Subjects

The MCA subjects provide students with an in-depth understanding of computer science fundamentals and their applications. The subjects in MCA are a mix of classroom lectures with seminars, projects, applications, and lab practices.

MCA course subjects not only provide a modern or an industry-oriented understanding of the application concepts but also prepare the students for the demands of the job industry. Before joining the MCA course, students should download the MCA syllabus PDF in order to prepare themselves firsthand for the demand of the course. The MCA subjects list is listed below:

Core Subjects

Below are the core MCA subjects:

  • Computer Programming with C
  • Discrete Mathematical Structure
  • Database Management System
  • Unix and Shell Programming
  • Software Engineering & TQM
  • Operation Research & Optimisation Techniques
  • Object Oriented Programming with Java

Elective Subjects

Below are the elective MCA subjects:

  • Advanced Database Management Systems
  • Operational Research
  • Numerical and Scientific Computing
  • Distributed Systems
  • Software Project Management
  • Organizational Behaviour
  • Multimedia Technologies
  • Advanced Computer Architecture

IGNOU MCA Syllabus

IGNOU MCA course presents an overview of Computer Organization. After going through this course, one will not only acquire the conceptual framework of Computer Organization and Architecture but also would be able to use the concepts in the domain of Personal Computers. The syllabus of the course is given below.

Semester 1 Semester 2
Design and Analysis of Algorithms Data Communication and Computer Networks
Discrete Mathematics Object-oriented Analysis and Design
Software Engineering Web Technologies
Professional skills and Ethics Data Warehousing and Data Mining
Security and Cyber Laws OOAD and Web Technologies Lab
DAA and Web Design Lab Computer Network and Data Mining Lab
Software engineering Lab -
Semester 3 Semester 4
AI and Machine Learning Digital Image Processing and Computer Vision
Accountancy and Financial Management Mobile Computing
Data Science and Big Data Project
Cloud Computing and IoT -
AI and Machine Learning Lab -
Cloud and Data Science Lab -

NIT MCA Syllabus

An introduction to computer organisation is given in the NIT MCA course. One will graduate from this course with a conceptual understanding of computer organisation and architecture, as well as the ability to apply those concepts to the field of personal computers. Below is a list of the course syllabus.

MCA First-Year Syllabus

The table below contains the MCA third-year syllabus:

Semester 1

Semester 2

Problem Solving and Programming

Data Structures and Applications

Mathematical Foundations of Computer Applications

Database Management Systems 

Computer Organization and Architecture

Operating Systems 

Accounting and Financial Management

Object-Oriented Programming

Probability and Statistical Methods

Resource Management Techniques

Programming in C Laboratory

DBMS Laboratory

Business Communication 

Data Structures Laboratory

MCA Second-Year Syllabus

The table below contains the MCA third-year syllabus:

Semester 3

Semester 4

Data Mining Techniques

Organizational Behaviour

Graphics and Multimedia

Information Security

Software Engineering

Distributed Technology

Computer Networks

Object - Oriented Analysis and Design

Design and Analysis of Algorithms

Elective I (from List A)

OS and Networks Laboratory

Distributed Technology Laboratory

Graphics and Multimedia Laboratory

Information Security Laboratory

MCA Third-Year Syllabus

The table below contains the MCA third-year syllabus:

Semester 5

Semester 6

Web Technology

Project Work

Cloud Computing


Elective II (From Lists B and C)


Elective III (From Lists B and C)


Elective IV (From Lists B and C)


Web Technology Laboratory


Mini Project Work


MCA Course Structure

The MCA 2 years course subjects are structured in order to not only provide an in-depth understanding of the computer application prospects but also to develop soft skills among candidates in order to be an asset to the industry in the future.

The MCA syllabus not only includes lectures and lab practice but also seminars and industrial projects.

An experience that a student would gain in a workshop or a seminar brings them closer to the ground reality of the computer application industry. The final semester of the MCA course syllabus is completely devoted to enhancing the pragmatic understanding of the candidate in the form of projects and seminars. Listed below is the MCA subjects course structure:

  • VI semesters
  • Core subjects
  • Elective subjects
  • Practical work/ Lab training
  • Individual Project
  • Group Project
  • Seminars
  • Workshops

MCA Teaching Methodology and Techniques

MCA syllabus teaching methodology and techniques are generally more pragmatic than theoretical in nature when compared to other courses. One-to-one mentoring, audio-visual training and counselling sessions form a core part of the MCA subjects.

Along with traditional lecture-based teaching and theoretical learning, the syllabus of MCA also focuses on certain non-conventional methods to ensure the students develop certain soft skills and an individual USP. listed below are some of the teaching methodologies and techniques in the MCA course syllabus:

  • Audio learning
  • Visual training
  • One-to-one mentoring
  • Counseling sessions
  • Online added computer materials
  • Industry-related projects
  • Practical/Lab work

MCA Projects

With the IT industry being one of the lucrative career aspects, the MCA syllabus ensures that students develop a certain set of skills and hone them adequately in order to be suitable workforce candidates. The MCA subjects not only demand a theoretical understanding of computer application subjects but also a pragmatic aptitude with respect to those MCA course subjects.

Students are required to produce MCA projects during the 3-year tenure of the MCA course syllabus. These MCA projects perform like a starting pad for the aspirants of the IT industry.

Recruiters look into the dynamism and the aptitude prevalent in these projects that the students produce with their understanding of the subjects of MCA. Listed below are some of the popular topics taken up by students during the MCA syllabus duration:

  • SMS-based alert app and enhancement of women's security
  • Agricultural app to aid farmer’s needs and demands
  • Overcoming the penalty collection and management for the traffic department
  • Digital book tracing for the Police Department
  • Loan application and verification management system
  • Ayurvedic recommendation app for the general public
  • Seminar hall booking app for college exams

MCA Reference Books

The reference books of the MCA subjects list are available to students through both the offline and the online modes. The MCA syllabus has a plethora of specializations and the students need to make an informed decision while making the purchase. 

Listed below are some of the popular reference books for the syllabus of MCA:

Name of the Books


C Programming


Fundamentals of Data Structures

Horowitz and Sahani

Object-Oriented Programming in C++

Nabajyoti Barkakati

Fundamentals of Computers

V Rajaraman

Computers and C Programming

Bajpai, Kushwaha, Yadav

Computer Database Organization

James Martin


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