Exam Date

May 22, 2021

Result Date

Jun 5, 2021

Apr 7, 2021 | Architecture, Arts

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Syllabus for GAT Exam is decided by GITAM University. You should go through the syllabus of your desired course to get an insight into GAT Exam Pattern.

## GITAM GAT 2021 Syllabus

Syllabus of GAT exam is different for different courses and detailed specification of the syllabus includes subjects like Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics prescribed by CBSE for XIth and XIIth standards. However, extensive preparation on topics is required to be done by candidates to crack GAT 2021.

### Syllabus UGTP Programs

Mathematics Syllabus:

• SETS, RELATIONS, AND FUNCTIONS: Sets and their representation, Union, Intersection and Complement of sets, and their algebraic properties, power set, Relation, Types of relation, Equivalence relation, Functions, one-one, into and onto functions, composite functions.

• MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION: Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications. MATHEMATICAL REASONING: Statements, Logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if. Understanding of tautology, contradiction, Converse, and Contrapositive.

• QUADRATIC EQUATIONS & THEORY OF EQUATIONS: Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions. Reminder and Factor Theorems, common Roots, General Quadratic expression, Finding a range of a function, Location of roots, Solving inequalities using the location of roots. THEORY OF EQUATIONS: Relation between roots and coefficients in an equation; Solving equation when two or more roots of it are connected by certain relations; Equations with real coefficients, imaginary roots occur in conjugate pairs and its consequences; Transformation of equations, Reciprocal equations.

• BINOMIAL THEOREM AND ITS SIMPLE APPLICATIONS: Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.

• SEQUENCES AND SERIES: Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers.  The relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum to n terms of special series, Arithmetic - Geometric progression.

• PERMUTATIONS & COMBINATIONS: Definition of linear and circular permutations; To find several permutations of n dissimilar things taken ‘r’ at a time. To find the number of Permutations of n Dissimilar things taken ‘r’ at a time when repetition of things is allowed any number of times.; To find the number of circular permutations of n different things taken all at a time.; To find  number of Permutations of ‘n’ things taken ‘r’ at a time when some of them are alike and  rest are dissimilar; To find  number of combinations of ‘n’ dissimilar things taken ‘r’ at a time;

• MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS: Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants, and matrices of order two and three. Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, an area of triangles using determinants. Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, Test for consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices, and rank of a matrix.

• VECTOR ALGEBRA: Algebra of Vectors - the angle between two non-zero vectors – Linear combination of vectors – Geometrical applications of vectors. Scalar and vector product of two, three and four-vectors and their application.

• THREE DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY: Co-ordinates of a point in space, Distance between two points, Section formula, direction ratios, and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, Coplanar lines.

• TRIGONOMETRY: Trigonometric ratios, Compound angles, multiple and sub-multiple angles, Transformations, Trigonometric expansions using Demovier’s Theorem. Trigonometric equations, Inverse Trigonometry and Heights and distances(only 2D problems).

• PROPERTIES OF TRIANGLES: Sine rule, cosine rule, Tangent rule, projection rule, Half angle formulae and area of a triangle. In-circle and excircle of a Triangle. Pedal Triangle, Ex-central Triangle, Geometry relation of Ex-centres, Distance between centre of Triangle. m-n Theorem, problems, and quadrilateral, regular polygon,  solution of Triangle (Ambiguous cases). COMPLEX NUMBERS: Definitions, Integral Power of iota(i), Algebraic operations with complex numbers, square root of a complex number, Geometrical representation of a complex number, Modz, Arg of Z, polar term of Z, Euler form of Z, Conjugate of Z, Properties of a conjugate, solving complex equations, Demovre’s Theorem, Properties of √1 3, √1 4, √1.

BOTANY Syllabus:

• UNIT – 1 Diversity in the living world: What is living? Biodiversity, Need for classification. Three domains of life. Taxonomy & systematic concepts of species and taxonomical hierarchy. Binomial nomenclature tools for the study of Taxonomy, Herbaria, Botanical gardens.Five kingdom classifications, Silent features and classification of Monera, Protista, and Fuji into major groups. Salient features and classification of plants into major groups. Algae (Spirogyra) Bryophytes (Funen), Pteridophytes (Pteris), Gymnosperms (Cycas).

• UNIT 2: External morphology: Root, Stem, Leaf, Inflorescence, Flower, Fruit and Seed.

• UNIT 3: Internal Morphology: Histology: Meristems, Simple tissues, Complex tissues, and Special tissues. Tissue System: Epidermal, Ground and Vascular tissue systems. Anatomy: Anatomy of Dicot and monocot root, dicot and monocot stem, dicot and monocot leaf, secondary growth in dicot stem and dicot root.
• UNIT 4: Cell Biology: Cell theory and cell as a basic unit of life. Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell, plant and animal cell. Cell wall, cell membrane, cell organelles structure and function 1 chromosomes. Biomolecules: Structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, enzymes. Cell division: Cell Cycle, Mitosis, and meiosis.

• UNIT 5: Plant Taxonomy: Introduction: Principles of plant classification, a brief account of Bentham & Hooker’s system. Families: Fabaceae, Asteraceae, Solanaceae, Liliaceae Poaceae.
• UNIT 6: Reproduction: Reproduction organisms, Modes of reproduction. Asexual and sexual. Asexual reproduction – Binary fission, Sporulation, Budding, gemmule, Fragmentation, Vegetative propagation in plants. Sexual reproduction flowering plants. Development of male and female gametophytes. Pollination-types, agents. Outbreeding devices, Double fertilization, post-fertilization changes. Development of endosperm, embryo, and seed. Apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony.
• UNIT 7: Microbiology: Bacteria and Viruses, Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.
• UNIT 8: Human welfare: Improvement in food production. Plant breeding, tissue culture, single-cell protein, Mushroom cultivation, Biofortification.
• UNIT - 9 Biotechnology and its applications: Principles and process of Biotechnology, Genetic engineering. Application of Biotechnology in Agriculture and health. Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy, Genetically modified organisms, Bt. Crops, Transgenic animals, Biosafety issues - Biopiracy and patents.
• UNIT 10: Plant Physiology: Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; cell to cell transport – Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; plant-water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long-distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation. Transpiration – Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (Brief mention). Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients, and their role; Deficiency symptoms: Mineral Toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism; Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation. Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition, Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non-cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis. Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations-Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient. Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators – auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.

ZOOLOGY Syllabus:

• UNIT 1: Animal Classification: Salient features (3 to 5) and two examples of Non-chordate phyla. Salient features (3 to 5) and two examples of chordate classes.
• UNIT - 2 Structural Organisation in animals: Cockroach: Brief account of morphology, anatomy, and functions of digestive circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive systems. Animal Tissues: Epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues.
• UNIT 3: Human Physiology-Digestive and Respiratory systems: Digestive System: Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; the caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders-PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, Jaundice, diarrhoea. Respiratory system: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans - Exchange of gases; transport of gases and regulation of respiration; Respiratory volumes; Disorders related respiration-Asthma Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.
• UNIT 4: Human Physiology: Circulatory and Excretory Systems: Circulatory System: Composition of the blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of the human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, Cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of Cardiac activity, Disorders of the circulatory system – Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure. Excretory System: Modes of Excretion – Ammonotelism, ureotelism, Uricotelism; Human excretory system – Structures and function; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of Kidney function – Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor; ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uremia, Renal Failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial Kidney.
• UNIT 5: Human Physiology–Locomotion & Movement and Neuro-Endocrine System: Skeletal System and its functions: joints; Disorders of the skeletal system – Osteoporosis, Arthritis, Gout. Nervous System: Neurons and nerves; Nervous system in humans – central nervous system, Peripheral nervous system, and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs: Elementary structure and function of eye and ear. Endocrine System: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system – Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo and hyperactivity and related disorders(e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, cretinism, goitre, exophthalmic goitre, diabetes, Addison’s disease).
• UNIT 6: Human Physiology – Reproduction: Human Reproduction: Male and Female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis – Spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual Cycle; Fertilization, Embryo development up to blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea). Reproductive Health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); Birth control – Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT ( Elementary idea for general awareness); Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement – ciliary, Flagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle – Contractile proteins muscle contraction; Disorder of muscles. Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy.
• UNIT 7: Genetics: Heredity and Variations: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviation from Mendelism – Incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome Theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination – In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex-linked inheritance – Hemophilia, Colourblindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans – Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s Syndromes. Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription; genetic code; translation Gene expression and regulation – Lac operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA fingerprinting. Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidence for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular, evidence - Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic Theory of Evolution, Mechanism of evolution – Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift, Hardy – Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.
• UNIT 8: Human Health and Diseases: Pathogens; Parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis, Typhoid Pneumonia, Common Cold, Amoebiasis, Ringworm). Basic concepts of immunology – Vaccines; Cancer, HIV, and AIDS. Adolescence, Drug and alcohol abuse.
• UNIT 9: Ecology and Environment: Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and Ecological adaptations; Population Interactions – Mutualism, Competition, Predation, Parasitism; Population attributes – Growth, birth rate, and death rate, age distribution. Ecosystem: Patterns, Components; Productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of numbers, biomass, energy, Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; plant communities; Ecological services – carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release. Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots; endangered organisms, extinction; Red Data Book; Biosphere reserves, National parks, and sanctuaries. Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive Waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warming; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

PHYSICS Syllabus:

• UNIT 1: UNITS AND DIMENSIONS: Units for fundamental and derived quantities; Systems of Units; SI system of units – rules for writing unit, derived units, multiple units and submultiple units in SI system; Measurement for a quantitative study, Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; Errors due to external causes – constant type, systematic type and environmental type; Errors due to imperfections in experimental techniques/procedure/personal/observation – random errors, gross errors, absolute errors, mean absolute error and relative error percentage error; errors due to addition, subtraction, multiplication division and powers of observed quantities; Significant figures, Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional formulae, applications and limitations of dimensional analysis. ELEMENTS OF VECTORS: Classification of physical quantities as vectors and scalars Geometrical representation of vectors – Addition and subtraction of vectors. Laws of the addition of vectors – Equal and null vectors. Unit vectors – Unit vectors in a Cartesian coordinate system – position vector and its magnitude. Parallelogram law of vectors – Expression for resultant vector. Triangle law and polygon law of vectors – a concept of relative velocity- application to the relative motion of a boat in a river. Multiplication of a vector with a scalar – a Scalar product with examples of work and energy – Vector product with examples of torque and angular momentum – Vector and Scalar product of unit vectors.
• UNIT 2: KINEMATICS: Force and Inertia, Newton’s Law of Motion, Momentum, Impulse. The concept of the resultant force, an equilibrium of concurrent forces. Force of Friction, Types of friction, Types of Coefficient of friction. An angle of friction, Angle of Repose. A motion of a body on a smooth and rough horizontal surface. A motion of a body on a smooth and rough inclined plane. Law of Conservation of Linear momentum and its applications. Motion in a straight line, speed, and velocity. Uniform non-uniform motion, average speed, and instantaneous velocity, Uniformly accelerated motion. Position-time graph, Velocity-time graph, Acceleration-time graphs relation for uniformly accelerated motion. A motion of freely falling body Vertically projected body. Projectile motion. WORK-POWER-ENERGY: Work was done by a constant force and a variable force. Power, Types of Energies: Mechanical Energy, Potential energy and Kinetic energy. Work energy theorem. Conservative and Non-Conservative forces. Conservation of Mechanical energy.  the potential energy of a spring.
• UNIT 3: CENTRE OF MASS: Introduction, Centre of mass, the difference between the centre of mass and centre of gravity. Co-ordinates of the centre of mass. Centre of the mass of particles along a line, centre of mass of the system of particles in a plane, a centre of mass of the system of particles in space. Centre of the mass of the rigid body with homogenous distribution of mass of a thin rod, circular ring, disc, and sphere. A motion of the centre of mass (Velocity and acceleration of the centre of mass) characteristics of the centre of mass, laws of motion of the centre of mass, velocity, and acceleration. Explosion - the motion of the centre of mass of the earth-moon system. COLLISIONS: Introduction - Elastic and inelastic collisions. Collisions in one dimension (elastic and inelastic) body at rest, bodies moving in the same direction and opposite directions. A coefficient of restitution definition. An equation for height attained for the freely falling body after the number of rebounds on the floor. Two-dimensional collision.
• UNIT - 4: ROTATORY MOTION: Introduction, uniform circular motion, the concept of angular displacement, angular velocity, and angular acceleration, the relation between linear velocity and angular velocity, centripetal acceleration and Centripetal force, torque, couple. Moment of Inertia: Perpendicular axis theorem. Parallel axis theorem. MI of a thin rod, uniform disc, rectangular lamina, solid and hollow spheres, circular ring and cylinder. Angular Momentum: Relation between angular momentum and torque, t law of conservation of angular momentum with examples. Motion in a vertical circle. Rolling without shipping and toppling. GRAVITATION: Basic forces in nature;  Universal law of gravitation; Nature of gravity; Relation between Universal gravitational constant (G) and acceleration due to gravity(g); variation of “g” with altitude, depth, latitude, and shape of earth; Limitations of Newton’s Third Law. The idea of inertial and non-inertial frames – Inertial and gravitational masses – Gravitational Potential and Gravitational Potential Energy. Escape velocity, orbital velocity, and the relation between them – Geostationary Satellites, their uses.
• UNIT 5: ELASTICITY: Elasticity & Plasticity – Stress and Strain – Hooke’s Law, Moduli of elasticity (Y, n, K) – Poisson's ratio – definition and it's limit; behaviour of wire under gradually increasing load – elastic fatigue, strain Energy. SURFACE TENSION: Surface tension – definition and applications, Molecular theory of surface tension, surface energy. An angle of contact, Capillarity Determination of surface tension by capillary rise method - theory and experiment. Effect of temperature on surface tension, and Excess pressure in liquid drops and soap bubbles. FLUID MECHANICS: Introduction, Principle of Buoyancy, pressure due to a fluid column. Pascal’s Law and its applications. Streamline flow, Turbulent Flow, Reynolds number, Bernoulli's theorem. Applications- aerodynamic lift, the motion of a spinning ball. Viscosity, a coefficient of viscosity, Effect of temperature on viscosity, Poiseuille's equation. The motion of objects through fluids, Stoke's law, terminal velocity.

• UNIT 6: THERMODYNAMICS: Thermal Equilibrium, Zeroth Law of thermodynamics. Heat internal energy and work. The first law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic processes – Isothermal, Adiabatic, Isobaric, Isochoric, Quasi-static processes. The second law of thermodynamics; Reversible and Irreversible processes. Carnot engine and refrigerator. KINETIC THEORY OF GASES: Gas Laws, ideal gas equation, Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, a pressure of an ideal gas. Kinetic interpretation of temperature, RMS speed of a gas molecule. A degree of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy. Specific heats of gases. Mean free path, Avogadro’s number. THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER: Temperature and heat, measurement of temperature. Thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Specific heat capacity, Colorimetry, change of state, latent heat, Triple point. Heat transfer, Conduction, Convection, and Radiation. Black body radiation, Stefan’s Law, Wien’s Displacement Law, Newton’s Law of Cooling.

• UNIT 7: SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION: Periodic motion – Period, Frequency, Displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion and its equations, phase. Oscillations of a simple pendulum, Oscillations of a spring – Restoring force and force constant. The energy in S.H.M – Kinetic and potential energies. Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance. WAVE MOTION: Longitudinal and transverse waves, Equation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves. Formation of stationary waves on a stretched string. SOUND: Characteristics of sound - the speed of sound in solids, liquids and gases Standing waves in Organ Pipes - Open Pipes, Closed Pipes, Fundamental frequency, Overtones, Harmonics, Beats. Doppler Effect: Applications and limitations of Doppler Effect. Echoes. RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS: Reflection of light, Reflection of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula. Reflection of light, Snell’s Law, Total internal reflection. Lens formula, the Magnification power of a lens, the combination of lenses, Culling of a lens, Silvering of a lens. Refraction through a prism. The microscope and astronomical telescope and their magnifying powers. WAVE OPTICS: Huygens Principle and wavefront. Law of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference of light, Young’s double-slit experiment, Fringe width. Diffraction of light, Diffraction due to a single slit, Width of central maxima. Resolving power of a microscope and telescope. The polarization of light, Plane of polarized light. Brewster’s law. Polaroids and their uses.

• UNIT 9: ELECTROSTATICS AND CAPACITORS: Charges - conservation of charge and additive property of charges. Coulomb's Law: Permittivity of Free Space and Permittivity of Medium - Force between two point charges. Force due to multiple charges - Principle of Superposition with examples. Electric field - Electric lines of force, their properties - Electric intensity definition – Electric intensity due to isolated charge and due to -multiple charges. Electrostatic Potential - Definition of Electrostatic Potential in an electric field - Potential due to the single charge - multiple charges – Electrostatic potential energy - Relation between electrostatic potential and electric intensity. Electric Flux Definition, Gauss’ Law - Statement of Gauss’ Law, Application of Gauss’ Law to find electric intensity and electrostatic Potential due to continuous charge distribution of Infinite Long wire, Infinite Plane Sheet and Spherical Shell. Capacitance - Definition of Electrical Capacity of a Conductor - Capacitance - Dielectric constant - Definition of Condenser, its uses - Parallel plate Condenser - Formula for Capacitance of Parallel Plate Condenser, Dielectric - Dielectric Strength - Effect of dielectric on the capacitance of capacitors. Capacitors in series and parallel - derivation of equivalent capacitance for the above cases. Energy stored in a Condenser - Effect of dielectric on Energy Condenser - Types of capacitors - their uses. CURRENT ELECTRICITY: Electric current - Flow of Electric charges in a metallic conductor – Drift velocity and mobility - Relation between electric current and drift velocity. Ohm's Law: Ohmic and Non-Ohmic elements with examples- conductance-specific resistance-variation of resistivity with temperature-variation of resistance with temperature – thermistors, Colour code for resistors. E.M.F. of Cell - Internal resistance and back E.M.F. - Difference between EMF of a Cell and potential difference. Electrical energy, Power definition of KW hr. Kirchhoff's laws: Statement of Kirchhoff's voltage law - Kirchhoff's current law - Application to Wheatstone bridge - condition for balancing - Meter bridge - Determination of resistance of a conductor using meter bridge. The principle of Potentiometer determination of internal resistance and E.M.F. of a cell using a potentiometer. Series and parallel combination of cells - Derivation of equivalent EMF for the above cases. CR CIRCUITS (DC ONLY): Growth of charge in  C-R series circuit. The decay of charge in  C-R series circuit. A time constant of C-R circuit.
• UNIT 10: ELECTROMAGNETISM: Biot-Savart Law – Ampere Law – Magnetic field near a long straight wire and magnetic field at the centre of a circular coil carrying current (with derivation) – Field on the axis of a circular coil carrying current (with expressions only)Tangent Galvanometer – principle and working – Definition of reduction factor – force on a moving charge in a magnetic field – force on a current-carrying conductor in a magnetic field – force between two long straight parallel conductors.

### Syllabus for PGTA

1. Quantitative Aptitude: Data Interpretation, Decimal & Fractions, HCF & LCM, Mensuration – Cylinder, Cone, Sphere, Numerical Reasoning, Probability, Problems on Ages, Profit & Loss, Ratio & Proportion, Percentage, Sequence & Series, Time & Distance, and Work & Time.

2. Reasoning: Alphabet Series, Arithmetical Reasoning, Blood Relations, Clocks & Calendars, Coding-Decoding, Cubes and Dice, Directions, Inserting The Missing Character, Logical Sequence of Words, and Number Series.

3. Verbal Ability: Adverb, Antonyms, Articles, Comprehension, Analogy, Sentence Completion, Conclusion, Critical reasoning, Grammar, Idioms and Phrases, Synonyms, Verb, Vocabulary, and Word groups.

### Syllabus for PGP

1. (Section A) PHARMACEUTICS: Physical Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Engineering, Pharmacy Practice, Pharmaceutical Technology, Biological Pharmacy, and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics and their importance in the formulation.
2. (Section B)Pharmaceutical Analysis and Quality Assurance: Fundamental of pharmaceutical analysis, Theoretical consideration, application in drug analysis, Chromatographic methods of pharmaceutical analysis, Instrumental methods of pharmaceutical analysis, and Quality assurance.
3. (Section C) Pharmacology: Pathophysiology of common diseases; Basic Principles of Cell Injury and Adaptations, Fundamentals of general pharmacology, Pharmacology of Peripheral Nervous System, Pharmacology of Central Nervous System, Pharmacology of Cardiovascular System, Drugs Acting on  Hemopoietic System, Drugs acting on the urinary system, Autacoids, Drugs Acting on  Respiratory System, Drugs acting on  Gastrointestinal Tract, Pharmacology of Endocrine System, Chemotherapy, and Principles of Toxicology.
4. (Section D)Pharmaceutical Chemistry: Pharmaceutical inorganic chemistry, Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry, and Biochemistry.

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