B.Sc Biotechnology syllabus provides students with an in-depth understanding of biology and computer science, biological chemistry, microbiology, molecular biology, genetics, analytical techniques, bioinformatics, computer programming, and other topics are included in the B.Sc Biotechnology syllabus. This syllabus entails a thorough examination of the cellular and biomolecular processes involved in creating a wide range of innovations and products that help people live better lives and have better health. This course's sole purpose is to provide students with advanced biological process knowledge for industrial and other purposes.

Semester Wise B.Sc Biotechnology Syllabus

B.Sc Biotechnology course syllabus consists of a systematic and multidisciplinary curriculum involving theoretical and practical study over six semesters and three years. The following is a tabulated breakdown of the general B.Sc Biotechnology syllabus by semester:

B.Sc Biotechnology First Year Syllabus

Semester 1

Semester 2

Macromolecular Structure and Analysis

Organic Mechanisms in Biology

Biophysics & Instrumentation

Principles of Transmission Genetics

Cell Structure & Dynamics

Principles of Microbiology

Biomathematics – I

Biomathematics – II


Introduction to C-Programming & Digital Logic

B.Sc Biotechnology Second Year Syllabus

Semester 3

Semester 4

Microbial Genetics

Molecular Genetics

Principles of Immunology

Computational Biology & Bioinformatics

Plant and Animal Tissue Culture Techniques and applications

Biodiversity & Taxonomy

Plant Biotechnology

Animal Biotechnology

Introduction to Data Structure & Computer Organization

Introduction to DBMS, Computer Network & Numerical Analysis

B.Sc Biotechnology Third Year Syllabus

Semester 5

Semester 6

DNA Typing, Proteomics & Beyond

Model Organisms in Human Genome Project

Recombinant DNA Technology

Elements of Management Introduction and Entrepreneurship

Environmental Biotechnology

Medical Biotechnology

Industrial Biotechnology

Biotechnology- Social, Legal and Ethical issue

B.Sc Biotechnology Subjects

B.Sc Biotechnology subjects focus on studying living organisms or biological systems and applying elective advanced technology to those studies. The program aims to train professionals who can improve human life and the health of the world. The following is a list of the topics covered in the B.Sc Biotechnology program's curriculum:

Core Subjects:

  • Introductory Biological Chemistry
  • Biodiversity and Taxonomy
  • Microbiology and Macromolecule
  • Biostatistics
  • Animal and Plant Physiology
  • Recombinant DNA Technology
  • DNA Typing, Proteomics and Beyond

Lab Subjects:

  •  Plant tissue culture lab
  • Sterilization techniques for glassware
  • Genomic DNA isolation from plants
  • Paper Chromatography
  • Estimation of purity of DNA

Elective Subjects:

  • Nanotechnology
  • Biofertilizer Technology
  • Ecology
  • Biotechnology for Forensics
  • Scientific Writing

B.Sc Biotechnology Course Structure

B.Sc in Biotechnology is a three-year undergraduate program divided into six semesters that offers in-depth knowledge of biomolecular and cellular activities and information on the various technologies used to research them. It encompasses a wide variety of topics such as genetics, molecular biology, and chemistry. The course structure is:

  • VI semesters
  • Practical
  • Project submission
  • Lab experiment

B.Sc Biotechnology Teaching Methodology and Techniques

B.Sc Biotechnology can be taught in a variety of ways. In addition to traditional lecture-based teaching, forensic science labs, group projects, and other action-based learning techniques are used. In labs, a variety of methods are used to aid learning. Inductive, discovery, scientific method skills, technical skills, and deductive methods are examples of these approaches. The hypothesis-driven laboratory methodology, which has recently gained popularity, assists students in honing their research abilities.

Some techniques are given below:

  • Tutorial Problem Solving exercises
  • Industrial/research institute Internship
  • Evaluation Procedures
  • Research and Development

B.Sc Biotechnology Projects

Biotechnology aims to create drugs by culturing living organisms such as bacterial cells, yeast, mammalian cells, and others to generate pharmacologically active substances, such as monoclonal antibodies for tumour treatment. Most of the projects deal with such problems to develop the proper skills in the graduate.

Popular B.Sc Biotechnology projects are:

  • Extraction from microbes any useful components
  • Extraction of chemicals from inedible peels of fruits/vegetables which can be used as food additives etc
  • Bioinformatics any simulation, modeling of proteins, or any DNA sequencing
  • Biodiesel from wastes
  • Study of the effect of Biopesticides/ biofertilizers

B.Sc Biotechnology Reference Books

For students pursuing a B.Sc. in Biotechnology, experts have put together a list of the best reference books. Biotechnology students at top universities worldwide and students at various institutions and schools use these books. The following is a list of the most recommended books for a BSc Biotechnology course, as shown in the table below:

B.Sc Biotechnology Books




B. D Singh

Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry

David L. Nelson

Molecular Biology of the Gene

J D Watson

Principles of Gene Manipulation and Genomics

Sandy B. Primrose, Richard M. Twyman

Gene Cloning and DNA Analysis

T. A. Brown

A Problem Approach

Pranav Kumar & Usha Mina

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