Ph.D. for Philosophy is a doctorate course pursued in the Philosophy and its applications stream. The course duration is from 3-6 years, depending upon the syllabus depth and the institute adopting the syllabus. The syllabus is basically full of research-based study and thesis proposition, however, in order to strengthen the basics as well as to strengthen the application studies, there are some subjects included in the course of study. The minimum eligibility required to pursue this course is 50% in postgraduate studies such as M.Phil or M.A in a Philosophical or Literature study, preferably Philosophy studies from a recognized university. Doctorate studies are the most valuable certification in any field of study and it might add up to wider job scopes after completion. Doctorate studies encourage students to perform research-oriented studies and come out with thesis and patents which will help them to gain a degree in ease. The job opportunities for the graduates of this course are very higher in the Market Analysis domain with often high payscales owing to their seniority in knowledge and experience on the field.

PhD Philosophy Fees in India:

Students who are interested in joining the Ph.D. in Philosophy course should be aware of the fees of the course. The course fees may vary based on the universities/colleges. The average Ph.D. in Philosophy course fee is INR 50K - 2 lakhs per annum.

PhD Philosophy  Salary in India:

Owing to their knowledge depth and experience in the field, graduates of this course are often offered higher job roles with the often high pay scale. The starting salary of Ph.D. in Philosophy graduates will vary from one candidate to another as it depends on the skill, knowledge, the thesis proposed and the experience one has gained while getting graduated in Doctorate Studies. The average salary the companies offer to the Ph.D. graduates is INR 6-20 lakhs per annum.

Ph.D Course Details

Degree Doctorate
Full Form Doctorate of Philosophy in Philosophy
Duration Course Duration of Ph.D (Philosophy) is 8 Years.
Age No age limit
Minimum Percentage 50% in Post Graduate Studies
Subjects Required Basics of Indian Philosophy, Basics of Western and Modern Philosophy
Average Fees Incurred INR 50K to 2 L per Annum
Similar Options of Study Ph.D. Physics, Ph.D. in Computer Science
Average Salary Offered INR 6 - 20L per annum
Employment Roles Chief Research Scientist, Senior Research and Development Manager,Data Analyst, Political Advisor, etc
Placement Opportunities Mathworks, Archaeological Survey of India, Election Commission of India, CNN, BBC, Dr.Reddy's Laboratories, etc

Ph.D. Philosophy Course:

Ph.D. Philosophy is a 3 to the 6-year long course in Philosophical studies and research-based studies that focuses on advanced philosophical research and application of the same in several real-time scenarios. The doctorate in Philosophy course involves the development and research of several thesis such as Indian Philosophical studies, Western Philosophy, Modern Philosophy, etc. Their role is central to ensuring the safe, timely and well-resourced completion of projects and development of thesis from research works which involve major component research and development in many areas, especially in the areas of the history of Ancient Indian Sciences, Indian Economic Studies, and Comparative Studies of Indian economy against other countries.

 The Ph.D. Philosophy provides a platform for a world-class research-based study in several domains of  Philosophical studies and several other specializations under philosophical studies depending upon the student’s interest. Syllabus of Ph.D. Philosophy consists of subjects that lay greater emphasis on undergraduate/ masters studies. The course consists of subjects such as:

  • Philosophy of the engineering sciences 
  • Philosophy of statistics
  • Philosophy of the computer and information science
  • Indian and Western Ethics

However, the course duration and the subjects pursued will vary from one university to another depending upon the curriculum they follow and the depth of knowledge they’re willing to impart. In standard universities such as IIT and IISc, the course is pursued for 5 years with greater emphasis on theosophical learning.

The minimum eligibility criteria required for the candidates is that the candidate must be a holder of any master's degree(Preferably M.Phil or M.A) with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized university preferably Philosophical Studies background. The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 50,000 and 2 Lakhs per annum, depending upon the infrastructure and facilities offered. 

Ph.D. Philosophy is offered by various colleges in and around India. Some of the top Ph.D. Philosophy colleges in India are:

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University, Delhi
  • Ashoka University, Haryana
  • Amrita University, Coimbatore

Jobs for Ph.D. Philosophy graduates are available in plenty owing to their seniority in terms of education and their in-depth knowledge  The average salary offered for the graduates of this course in India may range from INR 6 lakhs to INR 20 lakhs depending upon the candidate's experience and skillset.

Ph.D. Philosophy Quick Links:

What is a Ph.D. Philosophy?

The PhD Philosophy program is designed in a manner in which the subjects and the modules have a greater emphasis on fundamentals learned during the Postgraduate Philosophical studies course. Candidates who are interested in pursuing this course will get a greater amount of exposure both theoretically and practically on various philosophical and theosophical studies and research of several types of philosophical specializations that can be deployed in several domains. 

The duration of the course isn’t fixed as the depth of research-based study in the philosophical research science domain is much deeper and the course duration depends on the course structure followed by the university. Ph.D. Philosophy scopes aren't restricted to only research and development but it also expands to applications in literature and data science domain. The course emphasizes on the basic Philosophical studies and contemporary studies along with applications and allows the candidates to specialize in any of specialized Philosophy courses depending upon the candidate's interest. The concepts that are pursued provide a wide learning forum that can be used to analyze various philosophical studies and provide in-depth analysis and even can be used to substantiate a thesis based on various real-time applications.

The research-based programs will have limited coursework, that will be sufficient enough for them to brush up the basics and lay the main emphasis on developing a research-based thesis. However, in a broad subject such as Philosophy and its applications, candidates will be offered various elective streams, from which they can choose one for specialization purposes. The difficulty and the standards of this course is very high and hence it’s not as simple as an undergraduate course. This makes them more supreme compared to others in the domain and will land plenty of job opportunities for the graduates. PhD Philosophy jobs are always of higher proficiency and hence explain their higher pay scale.

Why Choose a Ph.D. Philosophy?

Students who are willing to venture into research-based studies and advanced theosophical and research-oriented studies in the field of Philosophy and its applications can opt for this course which will provide them a more detailed insight into research-based thesis development and also an in-depth study of the specialization fields present in philosophy and their applications in day-to-day lives.

The basic eligibility criteria to opt for this course is a minimum of 50% in master’s studies only from Philosophical studies background. Graduates of Literature Studies / any other Philosophy related course such as nuclear science graduates who are very much research-oriented can opt for this course. A Ph.D. in any field is the most valuable course in the particular domain and the graduates who hold a Ph.D degree are very much entitled to receive numerous job opportunities with a higher payscale.

Some of the job opportunities that are available for a graduate of Ph.D. Philosophy course are:

  • Senior Research scientist
  • Assistant Professor
  • Head of the educational department
  • Philosophical/ Literature Researcher
  • Senior Market Analyst

A graduate of a Ph.D. Philosophy course is entitled to receive a higher pay scale as they rise in ranks from any organization they work owing to practical experience and in-depth knowledge associated with the job. They earn up to 20 L per Annum.

Ph.D. Philosophy Course Preparation Tips:

Some of the Essential course preparation tips are listed below:

Make a Plan: Make a course plan that can help the student to plan according to the study of the work which enables them to keep both balanced.

Connect With Fellow Students: Start connecting with peers who can help you with providing an exchange of knowledge that might help you to reduce stress at the time of examination.

Interact with Professors: The interaction with the professors can bring in a new insight into the subjects for the course.

Look on to Journals: Since the course involves a lot of research-based studies, candidates can subscribe to weekly journals to keep themselves updated on the field.

Ph.D. Philosophy Subjects:

Even though the majority of the course lays a greater emphasis on research-based studies, there are some areas of studies that are included in their brief syllabus so as to broaden their vision of learning. The course structure isn’t always fixed for a Ph.D. course as it depends upon the syllabus structure followed by different universities. The course consists of 2 mandatory papers and one optional stream where the students can choose from various specialization streams. The subjects that are pursued in this course are:

PhD Philosophy Syllabus
SI No Subjects
1 Introduction to Research Methodology
2 Literature Survey
3 Data Collection and Organization
4 Principles of Thesis Preparation
5 Research tools and studies


PhD Philosophy Syllabus
SI No Subjects
1 Theory of knowledge
2 Advanced course in philosophy of science
3 Advanced course in logic
4 Advanced course in formal methods
5 Philosophy of statistics
6 Philosophy of the computer and information science
7 Decision theory
8 Philosophy of mathematics
9 Value theory
10 Philosophy of language
11 Philosophical aesthetics
12 Art Technology
13 Critical Reading in Philosophical Texts
14 Political philosophy
15 Environmental philosophy
16 Philosophy of language
17 Philosophy of Social Sciences


PhD Philosophy Syllabus
Paper-3 Elective(Indian Philosophical Studies)
SI No Subjects
1 Nagarjuna- Mulamadhyamikakarika
2 Sankara’s Commentary on first Four Sutra
3 Isvarakrishna- Samkhyakarika
4 Carvaka- Lokayata,
5 Jaina- Pancastikayasara
6 Early Buddhism
7 The Nyaya Theory of Knowledge
8 Vaisesika Sutra
9 The First and Last Freedom
10 Reason and Tradition in Indian Thought
11 New Perspectives in Indian Philosophy Chapters


PhD Philosophy Syllabus
Paper-4 Elective(Western Philosophical Studies)
SI No Subjects
1 Kant- Critique of Pure Reason,
2 Plato
3 Wittgenstein- Philosophical Investigations
4 A Treatise of Human Nature Book
5 Logical Atomism
6 Some Main Problems of Philosophy
7 How To Do Things With Words
8 Concept of Mind
9 ‘Freedom and Resentment’ and Other Essays
10 Being and Nothingness
11 Being and Time


PhD Philosophy Syllabus
SI No Subjects
1 Thesis presentation
2 Comprehensive Viva Voce

Ph.D. Philosophy Course Fees:

The course fees for Ph.D. in Philosophy courses may vary based on the University/college that is offering the course. The average course fees may range from  INR 50,000 to 2L per annum depending upon the facilities and infrastructure offered by the college/university. 

For government-aided institutions such as IIT or IISc, graduates receive INR 20,000 as stipend per month for research-based study apart from their scholarships in course fees.

Ph.D. Philosophy Eligibility :

The minimum eligibility criteria to secure a seat in Ph.D. in Philosophy course is 50% in Postgraduate Arts or philosophical study in Philosophy or any specializations of Literature or philosophical sciences from recognized universities.

Apart from basic eligibility, the candidate should also appear for national levels/university levels examinations such as IIT HSEE, Amrita Entrance Examinations, Delhi University Entrance test, Indian Institute of Science test, Pune University Entrance exam, etc which will determine candidate’s proficiency and technical ability required to pursue this course. Based on the scores obtained in the entrance exam combined with scores obtained in under graduation and other national level exams the university will release a rank list, based on which students are called for a counselling session.

There is also a relaxation of 5% in the total aggregate marks in the 10th class i.e  45% marks are enough for the SC/ST category candidates.

Some Universities provide admissions via direct method/ management quota, which is based on skills possessed and marks obtained at the undergraduate level.

Ph.D. in Philosophy Admissions:

Ph.D. in Philosophy admissions are not quite complex as it seems to be. The admissions can be done both online and offline methods. Candidates are required to fill the form and submit it before the deadline date. The admission process varies from university to university, some conduct PhD Entrance Exams while others take direct admission.

Most institutes offering the course admit students based on performance in a relevant entrance test. Most of the institutes consider the scores and ranks obtained in national level examinations such as IIT- HSEE, IGNOU Entrance exam, etc and some universities conduct their own entrance examinations like IISc Entrance exams, Amrita Entrance Test, etc based on which admission process is initiated.

Some institutes admit students through the direct mode of admission, that is, on the basis of grades obtained in M.A/M. Phil Philosophy course. Students should have at least 50% of marks of aggregate marks in their undergraduate studies and Master’s studies.

Certain Private colleges have a direct admission method where the students are called for counseling sessions based on their application form and undergraduate scores along with skills possessed.

Ph.D. Philosophy Job Opportunities:

It is always essential to remember that a doctorate in any domain is the highest form of studies and it’s a worldwide respected course. Hence, the job scopes for the graduates of this course are generally higher and will be a walk in and take method in any core related organization.

Job Opportunities are available in plenty for a graduate in Ph.D. in Philosophy in both the public sector as well as the private sector. Ph.D. in Philosophy Jobs are widespread and aren’t confined to one field of study. The Job roles offered will be of the highest level of employment owing to their knowledge and research-based experience that makes them qualified to handle job roles of higher magnitude. The most common roles the graduates work as are:

  • Senior Research Scientist
  • Educational Head
  • Senior Marketing Analyst
  • Philosophical Research Scholar
  • Director of Research and Development 
  • Professor/Lecturer
  • Senior Data Analyst

Ph.D. Philosophy salary:

Ph.D. Philosophy salary may vary based on the experience gained in the field and based on the skill set possessed. On average, graduates are entitled to receive a salary package ranging between INR 6L - 20 LPA in the initial stages and are subject to regular appraisals based on the experience gained and the role they work on.

Ph.D. in Philosophy Colleges:

Sl. No. Name of the College
1 Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
2 Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
3 Indira Gandhi National Open University, Delhi
4 Amrita Vidya Vishwa Peetham, Coimbatore
5 Delhi University, Delhi
6 Indian Institute of Science, Banglore
7 Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani

Other Related Courses:

Frequently Asked Questions

The course duration ranges from 3-6 years and sometimes even to 7 years depending upon the institute that is offering this course and the students ability of reserach work.

Yes,  top IITs provide a Ph.D. course in a combined Mphil + Ph.D. Philosophy course with several specialization streams under the course structure that the students can choose from. Generally, the course duration is from 5 to 7 years in a combined course of study.

Graduates can get placed as market analysts, data analysts, and much more technical role in IT companies. Graduates can also join in as professors and heads of the departments of several educational institutes such as IIT in a higher job role.

Any postgraduate doctorate courses will be challenging for the students to formulate a well-structured thesis based on intensive research. However, graduates with determination and perseverance to complete the course shall find it easy and less competitive.

The graduates of this course can have a salary package ranging from 6-20 LPA based on their experience and job roles.

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