CBSE Class 12th Geography Syllabus 2024-25: Download PDF

Result Date: 13 May '24
Annesha Deb
Annesha Deb

Updated on - Apr 3, 2024

The CBSE class 12th Geography syllabus 2024-25 released by CBSE constitutes the detailed course structure for theory as well as practical exams of Geography. The theory syllabus includes Part A: Fundamentals of Human Geography and Part B: India- People and Economy. Further, the third part (Part C) of the syllabus involves the practical component.

At the Senior Secondary level of CBSE, Geography is introduced as an elective subject. Therefore, students planning to major in Geography must have a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of the field to pursue their academic interests. Find below the detailed syllabus to prepare for the CBSE class 12th exam for the Geography subject.

Table of Contents

CBSE Class 12th Geography Syllabus 2024-25: Download PDF

The CBSE class 12th Geography syllabus 2024-25 includes the coursework for theory and practical exams. The theory exam contains a total of 70 marks and the rest of the 30 marks are assigned to the practical exam. Students can obtain the syllabus in PDF format and check chapter-wise topics under theory and practical exams. 

CBSE Class 12th Geography Syllabus 2024 PDF
Particulars PDF Link
CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2024-25 Download Now

CBSE Class 12th Geography Syllabus 2024-25: Course Content

Geographical knowledge is helpful in daily life since it is an effective teaching tool for students. Its usefulness comes from the knowledge, thought processes, abilities, and values that Geography promotes, which aids students in better exploring, understanding, and evaluating the environmental and social aspects of the world.

The syllabus is divided into three parts. The first part contains three units and 8 chapters including map work. The second part consists of five units and nine chapters including map work. The practical exam contains a total of three chapters. Candidates can refer to the table below and know the course content of the CBSE class 12th Geography syllabus 2024-25.

CBSE 12th Geography Syllabus 2024-25 (Chapters & Topics)
Parts Units Chapters
Fundamental of Human Geography Unit I Chapter - 1 - Human Geography
Unit II Chapter - 2 - The World Population Density Distribution and Growth
Chapter - 3 - Human Development 
Unit III Chapter - 4 - Primary Activities
Chapter - 5 - Secondary Activities
Chapter - 6 - Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
Chapter - 7 - Transport, Communication and Trade
Chapter - 8 - International Trade 
Map Work ( (Based on the identification of features on World Political Map) )
Book - India People and Economy Unit I  Chapter - I - Population Distribution Density Growth and Composition
Unit II  Chapter - 2 - Human Settlements 
Unit III  Chapter - 3 - Land Resources and Agriculture
Chapter - 4 - Water Resources
Chapter - 5 - Mineral And Energy Resources
Chapter - 6 - Planning and Sustainable Development in the Indian Context
Unit IV Chapter - 7 - Transport and Communication 
Chapter - 8 - International Trade
Unit V Chapter - 9 - Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems 
Map Work (Based on Marking and labeling on a political Map of India) 
Total
Geography Pratical - II - Chapter 1: Data-its Source and Compilation
Chapter 2: Data Processing
Chapter 3: Graphical Representation of Data
Spatial Information Technology
Practical Record Book and Viva Voce

CBSE class 12th Geography syllabus 2024-25 For Map Work

A total of 10 marks are assigned for the map work. The map work is included under Fundamental of Human Geography and India People and Economy. Check the table below to know the chapters which contain map work. 

CBSE 12th Geography Syllabus 2024-25 (Map Work)
Chapters Topics
Chapter 4 -Primary Activities Areas of subsistence gathering (Fig 4.2)
Major areas of nomadic herding of the world (4.4)
Major areas of commercial livestock rearing (4.6)
Major areas of extensive commercial grain farming (4.12)
Major areas of mixed farming in the World (4.14)
Chapter - 7- Transport, Communication and Trade  Terminal Stations of Transcontinental Railways– Trans-Siberian, Trans
Canadian, Trans-Australian Railways
Major Sea Ports
Major Airports
Inland Waterways

CBSE Class 12th Geography Syllabus 2024-25 Marking Distribution

Students can go through the CBSE class 12th Geography syllabus 2024-25 and chapter-wise marking distribution to prepare efficiently and focus more on important chapters:

CBSE 12th Geography Marking Distribution
Parts  Units Chapters Marks
Fundamental of Human Geography Unit I Chapter - 1 - Human Geography 3
Unit II Chapter - 2 - The World Population Density Distribution and Growth 8
Chapter - 3 - Human Development 
Unit III Chapter - 4 - Primary Activities 19
Chapter - 5 - Secondary Activities
Chapter - 6 - Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
Chapter - 7 - Transport, Communication and Trade
Chapter - 8 - International Trade  10
Map Work ( (Based on the identification of features on World Political Map) ) 5
Book-India People and Economy Unit I  Chapter - I - Population Distribution Density Growth and Composition 5
Unit II  Chapter - 2 - Human Settlements  3
Unit III  Chapter - 3 - Land Resources and Agriculture 10
Chapter - 4 - Water Resources
Chapter - 5 - Mineral And Energy Resources
Chapter - 6 - Planning and Sustainable Development in the Indian Context
Unit IV Chapter - 7 - Transport and Communication  7
Chapter - 8 - International Trade
Unit V Chapter - 9 - Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems  5
Map Work (Based on Marking and labeling on a political Map of India)  5
Total 70 Marks
Geography Pratical-II - Chapter 1: Data-its Source and Compilation 18
Chapter 2: Data Processing
Chapter 3: Graphical Representation of Data
Spatial Information Technology 7
Practical Record Book and Viva Voce 5
Total  30 Marks

CBSE Class 12th Geography Syllabus 2024-25 Prescribed Books

The following Geography books are prescribed by CBSE for students to study:

  1. Fundamentals of Human Geography, Class XII, Published by NCERT
  2. India - People and Economy, Class XII, Published by NCERT
  3. Practical Work in Geography Part II, Class XII, Published by NCERT

Explore Colleges In India VIEW ALL

Entrance Exams after 12th Boards

JEE Main

Exam Date: Apr 4, 2024

Result Date: Apr 25, 2024

JEE Advanced

Exam Date: May 26, 2024

Result Date: N/A

VITEEE

Exam Date: Apr 17, 2023

Result Date: Apr 26, 2023

BITSAT

Exam Date: May 20, 2024

Result Date: N/A

NEET

Exam Date: May 5, 2024

Result Date: N/A

NATA

Exam Date: Apr 6, 2024

Result Date: Jun 13, 2023

Explore Articles on Board Exams

Loading...