GATE Exam Pattern 2025: Marking Scheme, Negative Marking

Exam Date 03 Feb '24-11 Feb '24
Result Date 16 Mar '24
Hafsha Qureshi
Hafsha Qureshi

Updated on - Feb 22, 2024

Latest Updates for GATE

GATE exam pattern 2025 will be released by the conducting body for all 30 papers at gate2025.iisc.ac.in. The paper pattern of GATE 2025 consists of MCQs, MSQ, and NAT questions and GATE exam duration is of 3 hours (180 minutes). Distribution of marks in papers AR, CY, DA, EY, GG, MA, PH, ST, XH, and XL will be for General Aptitude, which is 15 marks, and for subject questions, it is 85 marks.

The test will consist of 65 questions. Total marks in GATE is 100. General Aptitude and Engineering Mathematics will account for approximately 28% of the full marks in the papers. There is a GATE negative marking for wrong MCQ answers. For 1-mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted, and for 2-mark MCQ, 2/3 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.

Practice Now: GATE Previous Year Question Paper

Refer Now: GATE Negative Marking

Table of Contents

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 Highlights

The GATE exam pattern 2025 will be available at gate2025.iisc.ac.in by IIT Roorkee. GATE exam time 2025 will last for 3 hours, according to the most recent paper pattern. GATE paper total marks is 100 for 30 papers.

GATE Exam Pattern 2024

The questions will be separated into General Aptitude and core courses. Candidates must check on the GATE exam pattern 2025 details shared below.

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 Highlights
Particulars Details
Exam Mode Online - Computer-Based Test
Number of Questions 65
Total Marks 100
Number of Subjects (Papers) 30
Type of Questions MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions), Multiple Select Questions (MSQ), and NAT (Numerical Answer Type)
Language English
Number of Sections General Aptitude+ Candidates selected Subjects
Name of the Sections General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics* and Subject Specification Section* In place of Engineering Mathematics, Chemistry will be compulsory for Life Science (XL) Paper
Marking Scheme Questions carry 1 mark and 2 marks
Negative Marking

For a wrong answer chosen in an MCQ, there will be a negative marking.

For 1-mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

For 2-mark MCQ, the 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

NO negative marking for MSQ & NAT.

Must Read: What is a Good GATE Score?

GATE 2025 Exam Pattern: Paper-Wise

It is very important that all candidates aspiring to appear for the exam have a clear understanding of the GATE paper pattern. Candidates should look at the detailed GATE exam pattern 2025 marks for all 30 subjects.

GATE General Aptitude Exam Pattern

General aptitude will account for 15% of the total marks on papers with the codes AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, ST, XH, and XL, while the subject paper will account for the remaining 85% of the total marks. General Aptitude questions carry a total of 15 marks throughout all papers.

GATE Exam Pattern in Detail
Subject Number of Questions Total
General Aptitude 5 for 1 mark 5
5 for 2 marks 10
Total 10  + 5 15

GATE 2025 Exam Pattern for Engineering Mathematics

There are three engineering mathematics for GATE sections in the question paper for paper codes AE, AG, BM, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, ES, IN, ME, MN, MT, NM, PE, PI, TF, and ST. The marks weightage for the same is shared below.

GATE Exam Pattern Paper Codes
Sections Marks Weightage
General Aptitude 15%
Engineering Mathematics 13%
Core Discipline 72%

Quick Link: GATE 2025 Registration

GATE Exam Total Marks for Engineering Mathematics

There will be 55 questions from core subjects and engineering mathematics in addition to the 10 questions in the section on GA. GATE maximum marks are 100. The first 25 questions will be for 1 mark, while the latter 30 will be worth 2 each.

GATE Exam Pattern Marking System Paper Codes
Subjects

AE, AG, BM, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, ES, IN, ME, MN, MT, NM, PE, PI, TF, and ST

Total
Number of Questions 25 for 1 mark 55
Total Marks 25 +60 85

GATE 2025 Pattern for CY, EY, MA, and PH

General Aptitude and Core Discipline are the two portions found in the GATE papers with the codes CY, EY, MA, and PH.

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 CY, EY, MA and PH Paper Codes
Sections Number of Questions Marks Weightage
General Aptitude 15 15%
Core Discipline 55 85%

Quick Links:

GATE Total Marks for AR, CY, EY, MA, and PH

Below is a summary of the detailed marking criteria for the GATE AR, CY, EY, MA, and PH papers:

GATE Total Marks for AR, CY, EY, MA, and PH
Subjects Number of Questions Total Marks
AR, CY, EY, MA, PH
25 - 1 mark 25
30 - 2 mark 60
Total 55 85

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 for Architecture and Planning (AR)

GATE AR exam pattern will include three sections: GA (General Aptitude), Part A, and Part B. All applicants must complete Part A of the exam, while Part B is further separated into Sections B1 (Architecture) and B2 of the exam (Planning).

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 AR Paper Codes
Sections Type of Questions and Marks GATE Total Marks
GA 10 = (5 x 1) + (5 x 2) 15
Part A (mandatory) 39 = (18 x 1) + (21 x 2) 60
Part B: Part B1 (Architecture) or Part B2 (Planning) 16 = (7 x 1) + (9 x 2) 25
Total 55 100

Practice Year-Wise Papers:

GATE Exam 2025 Pattern for Geomatics Engineering (GE)

IIT Roorkee is introducing a brand-new paper for the GATE exam pattern 2025 called Geomatics Engineering. The question paper for geomatics engineering has three sections: GA, Part A, and Part B.

 GATE Exam Pattern 2025 GE
Sections Type of Questions and Marks GATE Total Marks
GA 10 = (5 x 1) + (5 x 2) 15
Part A (mandatory) 36 = (17 x 1) + (19 x 2) 55
Part B: Section I or Section II 16 = (8 x 1) + (11 x 2) 30
Total 55 100

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 for Geology and Geophysics (GG)

GATE exam pattern 2025 for Geology and Geophysics (GG) papers involves General Aptitude, Part A, and Part B, with Section 1 (Geology) and Section 2 within Part B (Geophysics). Part A and the General Aptitude part must be completed, and applicants must select either Section 1 or Section 2 from Part B.

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 GG
Sections Type of Questions and Marks GATE Total Marks
GA 10 = 1/2 marks 15
Part A 25 = 1 mark 25
Part B (Geology and Geophysics) 30 = 2 marks 60

Must Read: Benefits of Writing GATE Exam 2025

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 for Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering (NM)

IIT Roorkee has also added the papers of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering to GATE 2025. There will be two sections in the paper: GA and Main Subject.

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 for Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering
Sections GA Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering
Number of Questions 10 55
Marks per Question (5 x 1) + (5 x 2) (25 x 1) + (30 x 2)
Total Marks 15 85

GATE Engineering Sciences XE Pattern 2025

The following table lists the specific marking criteria for the XE paper:

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 XE
Section Type of Questions and Marks GATE Total Marks
GA

5 (1 mark)

5 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 10 

15
Section A (Engineering Sciences)

7 (1 mark)

4 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 11

15
Section B (Any two of these)

9+9 (1 mark)

13+13 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 44

 

35+35 = 70
Total

Total Marks = 30 (1 mark)

Total Marks = 70 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 65

100

Also Read: Is GATE Exam Tough?

GATE Humanities and Social Sciences XH Pattern 2025

The portions of General Aptitude and B1 (Reasoning and Comprehension) are required, and candidates must select 1 out of C1 through C6. Below is a summary of the detailed GATE XH marks distribution:

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 XH
Section Type of Questions and Marks GATE Total Marks
GA

5 (1 mark)

5 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 10 

15
B1* (Reasoning and Comprehension)

5 (1 mark)

10 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 25

25
C1-C6 (Any one of these)

20 (1 mark)

20 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 40

 

60
Total

Total Marks = 30 (1 mark)

Total Marks = 70 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 65

100

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 for Life Sciences (XL)

There are three sections on the GATE XL paper. Candidates must attempt Section P (Chemistry) and General Aptitude, and they must select TWO questions from Sections Q through U. Below is a summary of the detailed GATE XL marks distribution:

GATE Exam Pattern 2025 XL
Section Type of Questions and Marks GATE Total Marks
GA

5 (1 mark)

5 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 10 

15
Section P (Chemistry)

5 (1 mark)

10 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 25

25
Section Q-U (Any two of these)

20 (1 mark)

20 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 40

 

60
Total Questions

Total Marks = 30 (1 mark)

Total Marks = 70 (2 marks)

Total Questions: 65

100

Also Read: Opportunities After GATE Exam

GATE Exam Format 2025 - Paper Codes

GATE paper codes with the codes AE, AG, BM, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, ES, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF, and XE, General Aptitude will be weighted at 15%, Engineering Mathematics at 13%, and subject paper at 72%.

GATE Exam Foram 2025- Paper Codes
Paper Code GATE Subject Weightage
CE, CS, EC, AE, AG, BT, CH, ME, MN, MT, EE, IN, TF, XE, PE, ST, and PI

GA (General Aptitude): 15

Engineering Mathematics: 13 question

Subject of the Paper: 72 question

AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH, and XL

GA (General Aptitude): 15

Subject of the Paper: 85

GATE Exam Pattern Marks 2025

To understand the GATE exam pattern 2025 marks distribution and marking scheme more easily, candidates can take a look at the table below:

GATE 2025 Exam Pattern Paper Codes
GATE Paper Code Subject Marks
AE, AG, BM, BT, CE, CH, CS, CY, EC, EE, ES, EY, IN, MA, ME, MN, MT, NM, PE, PH, PI, TF, ST 85
AR [Part A + Part B (B1: Architecture or B2: Planning)] 60 + 25
GE [Part A + Part B (Section I or Section II) 55 + 30
GG [Part A + Part B (Section 1: Geology or Section 2: Geophysics)] 25 + 60
XE (Section A + Any TWO Sections) 15 + (2 x 35)
XH (Section B1 + Any ONE Section) 25 + 60
XL (Section P + Any TWO Sections) 25 + (2 x 30)
CY, DA, EY, MA, PH, ST 85

GATE Marking Scheme 2025

The GATE exam paper pattern has 65 questions with a total weightage of 100 marks for each of the 30 disciplines. GATE full marks are 100 for all subjects. The GATE exam time duration is 3 hours.

  • GATE subject-wise weightage for General Aptitude and Engineering Mathematics will be mandatory sections, with each 15% of the total marks.
  • This exam section will be applied to codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF, and XE.
  • The remaining 70% of the weightage will be assigned to the student's chosen subject.
  • In the case of the question papers AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, ST, and XL, a compulsory portion of GA (15% of total GATE marks) would be included.
  • The picked subject will receive the remaining 85% weightage.

GATE 2025 Negative Marking

The GATE marking system of all GATE exam structures is shared below. Candidates must have a look at the table shared.

  • NAT and MSQ questions have NO negative marking.
  • However, there will be a mark reduction for each wrong MCQ response. The following table lists the standards for negative marking on multiple-choice questions in the GATE 2025 exam:
GATE 2025 Negative Marking
Type of Question 1 Mark Questions 2 Marks Questions
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) 1/3 mark 2/3 mark

Multiple Select Questions (MSQs)

Numerical Answer Type (NATs)

No negative marking No negative marking

Read More: GATE Negative Marking

GATE Question Paper Pattern 2025

The following are a few crucial details concerning the GATE exams for 2025 that candidates should be aware of:

GATE GE Exam Pattern 2025

The GATE exam question pattern details of all the papers are listed below for the candidates.

  • The General Aptitude (GA) part, relevant to all GATE 2025 examinations, is included in the GE Paper and carries 15 marks.
  • The remaining two sections of the GATE GE Paper, Part A (55 marks) and Part B, cover the syllabus (30 marks).
  • All candidates must complete Part A.
  • Section I and Section II are two optional parts of Part B. During the exam, candidates must select one of these options.

GATE NM Test Pattern 2025

GATE test pattern details for the NM paper for the year 2025 are listed below as pointers for the candidates.

  • The General Aptitude (GA) portion, which is 15 marks in length for all GATE 2025 exams, is included in the NM Paper.
  • The remaining 85 marks on the GATE NM Paper will cover the syllabus.

GATE AR Exam Pattern 2025

The GATE exam pattern 2025 includes the General Aptitude (GA) portion (15 marks), which is expected for all GATE 2025 papers.

  • Part A (60 marks) and Part B (25 marks) of the GATE pattern cover the GATE 2025 syllabus.
  • Part A is required for all candidates.
  • Part B includes two optional sections: B1 (Architecture) and B2 (Planning).
  • During the examination, candidates must select one of these options.

GATE XL Paper Pattern 2025

The GATE exam pattern for the XL paper is listed below for the candidates for the year 2025.

  • Chemistry (Section P) is required with 15 questions for 25 marks.
  • The paper also includes a General Aptitude part worth 15 marks.
  • Aside from Chemistry, candidates must select one more section from Q through U. Each part, from Q to U, contains 20 questions worth 30 marks.

GATE 2025 Paper Pattern for Life Sciences

Below listed are details regarding the GATE exam pattern 2025 for Life Science paper. Candidates must check on the GATE paper pattern details.

  • XL-Q: Biochemistry
  • XL-R: Botany
  • XL-S: Microbiology
  • XL-T: Zoology
  • XL-U: Food Technology

GATE 2025 Papers (Except GG, XE, XL)

GATE 2025 papers will contain 45 questions, 15 of which will be worth one mark and 30 of which will be for two. The GATE paper will have multiple-choice questions as well as numerical answer-type questions.

GATE GG Pattern 2025

The GATE Geology and Geophysics Paper will be divided into A and B halves.

  • Part A is required, while Part B is divided into geology (Section I) and geophysics (Section II).
  • Part A has 25 questions, each worth one mark. This section will also include numerical response questions.
  • Part B (Sections I and II) contains 30 questions for two marks each.

GATE 2025 Engineering Sciences (XE)

This GATE paper will include one essential section all candidates must complete: Engineering Mathematics.

  • Another mandatory subject is General aptitude, which is worth 15 marks.
  • Section A contains 11 questions worth a total of 15 effects. The paper may also include some numerical response questions.
  • Candidates can select any of the sections from B through H.
  • The sections (B through H) contain 22 questions, each worth 35 marks.

GATE Exam Subjects and Code

Different subjects have a different pattern of GATE exams for the year 2025. The GATE topic paper codes for each of the 30 GATE subject papers are listed below.

GATE 2025 Codes
Paper Code
Architecture and Planning AR
Biotechnology BT
Aerospace Engineering AE
Agricultural Engineering AG
Chemical Engineering CH
Civil Engineering CE
Computer Science and Information Technology CS
Electronics and Communication Engineering EC
Electrical Engineering EE
Chemistry CY
Ecology and Evolution EY
Statistics ST
Environmental Science and Engineering ES
Naval Architecture & Marine Engineering NM
Geology and Geophysics GG
Mathematics MA
Physics PE
Engineering Sciences XE*
Life Sciences XL**
Instrumentation Engineering IN
Mining Engineering MN
Mechanical Engineering ME
Textile Engineering and Fiber Science TF
Production and Industrial Engineering PI
Petroleum Engineering PE
Metallurgical Engineering MT
Humanities and Social Sciences XH
Geomatics Engineering GE

GATE 2025 Paper Codes for XH

The topics listed under Humanities and Social Sciences Exam consist of the following papers which are listed below:

GATE 2025 XH Codes
XH Paper Sections Code
Reasoning and Comprehension (Compulsory) 25 marks B1
Any of the following Optional Subjects (60 marks)
Economics C1
English C2
Linguistics C3
Philosophy C4
Psychology C5
Sociology C6

GATE 2025 Paper Codes for XE and XL

The topics listed under Engineering Science and Life Science consist of:

GATE 2025 XE and XL Codes
XE Paper Sections Code
Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory) A
Fluid Mechanics B
Materials Science C
Solid Mechanics D
Thermodynamics E
Polymer Science and Engineering F
Food Technology G
Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences H
XL Paper Sections Code
Chemistry (Compulsory) P
Biochemistry Q
Botany R
Microbiology S
Zoology T
Food Technology U

GATE Exam Format 2025: Types of Questions

The three main types of GATE 2025 questions are as follows:

Questions with Multiple Choices (MCQs)

GATE questions pattern details for MCQ questions are listed below.

  • Candidates are given 4 options for MCQs, only one of which is the right response.
  • A candidate must select the appropriate option by clicking the button next to it.

Multiple Selection Questions (MSQs)

Candidates must check on the GATE MSQ question pattern details shared below.

  • Each of these GATE question patterns is objective in character and offers 4 possible responses, one or more of which is/are accurate.
  • In GATE MSQ marking, there is no negative marking for incorrect responses.
  • However, there is no partial credit for making a single incorrect option or combinations of half-accurate choices.

Numerical Answer Type (NAT)

The candidate must enter answers to NAT questions using the virtual numeric keypad on the monitor.

  • These questions won't have any options.
  • The solution could be a decimal integer.
  • The questions will specify how many decimal places the applicants must round their answers to.
  • An acceptable range will be taken into consideration as the right response for NATs to prevent round-off penalties.

Also Read: GATE Exam Attempt Limit 2025

FAQs

How many questions are asked in the GATE exam pattern 2025?

Based on the GATE 2025 exam pattern, the paper entails a total of 65 questions for 100 marks. Candidates will have 3 hours (180 minutes) to complete the exam.

What are the types of questions asked in the GATE 2025 exam pattern?

GATE 2025 paper will contain 3 types of questions - Multiple-Choice Questions, Multiple Select Questions (MSQ), and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions.

What is the standard time limit GATE 2025 pattern?

GATE 2025 exam is conducted for a duration of 3 hours (180 minutes). Candidates must also note that there is no section time limit, hence, candidates can attempt the question from any section.

Is there negative marking in GATE 2025?

Yes, there is a GATE exam negative marking for every incorrect MCQ question. However, negative marking is not applicable for MSQ's and NATs. The GATE negative marking system involves 1/3 mark deduction for 1-marks MCQ questions, and 2/3 mark marks deduction for 2-mark MCQ questions.

How many questions in GATE exam are asked?

There are 30 subjects, the paper comprises a total of 65 questions and the total marks of GATE exam is 100.

How many papers are in GATE exam 2025?

GATE 2025 is conducted for 30 papers and one can attempt any one or two of these papers. The detailed explanation about the exam pattern of all the papers are shared in the page.

How many marks are there for the GATE exam?

The GATE exam marking scheme involves a total score of 100. The GATE exam questions will be relevant to the GATE exam syllabus. The GATE 2023-24 exam format calls for two sorts of questions: multiple choice questions and numerical answer type questions.

What are GATE 2025 paper codes for XE and XL?

GATE XL stands for Life Science and GATE XE stands for Engineering Science. GATE paper codes for XL are P,Q,R,S,T and U. GATE paper codes for XE are A,B,C,D,E,F,G and H.

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