The Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay has announced the GATE exam pattern 2022. There were a few changes in the pattern of the GATE 2021 exam, which includes MCQs and numerical answer type questions. As per the new GATE exam pattern 2021, the number of Engineering Mathematics questions were increased by 3 and the paper subject questions were reduced by 3. The GATE exam pattern 2022 includes all the information regarding the mode of examination, the number of questions that will be asked in the exam paper, the marking scheme, etc. This will eventually help the candidates to score well in their examination. For this academic year, the examination authority has released two more papers  ES (Environmental Science and Engineering) and XH (Humanities and Social Sciences).
The GATE exam pattern 2022 will be released through the official brochure. The marking schemes for different exam papers might vary from each other. The General Aptitude subject will be common in all the question papers. To get detailed information about the GATE 2022 exam pattern, read the belowgiven article.
GATE Exam Pattern 2022 Highlights
GATE marking sceme varies from paper to paper except the General Aptitude which is common for all. Detailed exam pattern is given further ahead for candidates' reference, meanwhile, all candidates can refer to the below table to know about the GATE 2022 exam pattern highlights.
Particulars  Details 
Mode of Examination  Online 
Number of Questions  65 
Total Marks  100 
Type of Questions  MCQs and NAT 
Language  English 
Number of Sections  3 
Name of the Sections  General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics* and Subject Specification Section*In place of Engineering Mathematics, Chemistry will be compulsory for Life Science (XL) Paper 
Sectional TimeLimit  Not Applicable 
Detailed GATE Exam Pattern 2022
It is very important that all candidates aspiring to appear for GATE 2022 have a clear understanding of the paper pattern specific to the papers that they plan to appear for. To have a better look at the GATE Exam Pattern 2022 in a detailed format, candidates can refer to the belowlisted points.
GATE 2022 Exam Pattern for Humanities and Social Sciences (XH)
 Applicants who have opted for Humanities and Social Sciences subject will also have to attempt for the Reasoning & Comprehension section as a compulsory rule.
 The Reasoning & Comprehension section consists of a total of 15 questions, for a total of 25 marks. Out of that, 5 will be for 1 mark and 10 will be for 2 marks each. The questions will be of both NAT and MCQ types.
 General Aptitude is a compulsory subject which will be for a total of 15 marks.
 During the time of registration, candidates will have to select one section from C1 and C6.
Each of the section for the XH subject will be of 60 marks and will have the following GATE exam pattern:
Particulars  Details  

Total Questions  40  
Total Marks  60  
Marking Scheme 

GATE 2022 Exam Pattern for Environmental Science and Engineering (ES)
 Applicants who have opted for ES should note down that the Engineering Mathematics section will be a mandatory section.
 ES section will constitute a total of 15% (15 marks) of total GATE marks.
 General Aptitude is a compulsory subject which will be for a total of 15 marks.
 The remaining 70 marks will be given to the subject paper which will be of a total of 85 marks
 The examination will be of a total of 100 marks
 Candidates will have a total of 180 minutes to write the exam
GATE Exam Pattern for ECE, ME, CE, CSE, EEE, AE, AG, BT, XE, CH, CS, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF Papers
 For all the papers which are mentioned above, Engineering Mathematics is a mandatory subject and carries 15% of the weightage of the total marks.
 The questions will be based on the specific subject/discipline of the exam that will have 70% of the total weightage (70 Marks).
 The remaining section of the GATE exam paper pattern would include General Aptitude questions carriers 15% of the GATE total marks.
GATE Exam Pattern for AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, ST, and XL Papers
 The General Aptitude section for all the abovementioned papers carries 15% of the total marks.
 85% of the total marks will be based on the different topics of all these papers.
 No questions from Engineering Mathematics will be asked in these papers.
GATE Exam Pattern for GG Paper
 GA – General Aptitude section for this paper will carry 10 questions a total of 15 marks.
 The GG question paper consists of two parts: Part A and Part B.
 Part A is common for all applicants.
 Part B consists of two sections:
 Section 1 (Geology)
 Section 2 (GeoPhysics)
 All candidates will have to attempt all the questions in Part A. In Part B, candidates must attempt either Section 1 or Section 2.
The GATE marks distribution for the GG papers is described below:
 Part A includes 25 MCQs and carries 1 mark for each question so the total 25 marks. (Few questions may be NAT questions)
 Part B consists of 2 sections and consists of 30 MCQs Type of 2 mark each question so the total 60 marks. Whereas some questions may be NAT questions.
GATE Exam Pattern 2022 for XE
The GATE Exam pattern 2022 for XE is tabulated below. Candidates are highly advised to refer to the below table so that they do not face any problems while solving the examination paper.
XE Paper Sections  Codes 
Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory)  A 
Any 2 optional sections  
Fluid Mechanics  B 
Materials Science  C 
Solid Mechanics  D 
Thermodynamics  E 
Polymer Science and Engineering  F 
Food Technology  G 
Atmospheric and Oceanic Science  H 
The GATE exam pattern 2022 for XE has the following sections:
 GA – General Aptitude section will carry 10 questions a total of 15 marks.
 Section A is a mandatory section and consists of questions based on Engineering Mathematics.
 Applicants can opt for two sections from B to H (as mentioned in the above table) during the examination after viewing the questions.
 Apart from the GA Section, the XE paper contains total of 33 questions for a total of 50 marks.
GATE marking scheme for the XE paper
The GATE marking scheme for the XE section is given below:
For Section A Engineering Mathematics
This particular section will contain 11 questions carrying a total of 15 marks in which:
 Consists of 7 questions of 1 mark each (subtotal 7 marks)
 The remaining 4 questions carrying 2 marks each (subtotal 8 marks)
 Some questions may be of numerical answer type.
For Any two of the XE section from B to H
XE paper from section B to H contains a total of 22 questions carrying a total of 35 marks from which:
 Of which 9 questions carrying 1 mark each (subtotal 9 marks)
 and the remaining 13 questions of 2 marks each (subtotal 26 marks).
 Some questions may be of NAT.
 GATE Exam Pattern 2022 for XL Paper
The GATE exam pattern 2022 for XL is tabulated below. Candidates are highly advised to refer to the below table so that they do not face any problems while solving the examination paper.
XL Paper Sections  Codes 
Chemistry (Compulsory)  P 
Any 2 optional sections  
Biochemistry  Q 
Botany  R 
Microbiology  S 
Zoology  T 
Food Technology  U 
GATE Exam Pattern 2022 for XL paper has the following sections:
 GA – The General Aptitude section will be carrying 10 questions a total of 15 marks.
 Section P– Chemistry is a mandatory section.
 Applicants are allowed to select two sections from B to H (as mentioned in the table) during the examination after viewing the questions
 Apart from the General Aptitude section, XL paper contains a total of 35 questions of a total of 55 marks.
GATE marking scheme for the XL paper
The GATE marking scheme for the XL paper is listed below:
For Section P Chemistry
This section will contain 15 questions carrying a total of 25 marks in which:
 5 carrying 1 mark each (subtotal five marks)
 10 carrying 2 marks each (subtotal 20 marks).
 Some questions may be of numerical answer type.
For Any two of XL Sections Q to U
XL paper from section Q to U will have 20 questions carrying a total of 30 marks in which:
 10 carrying one mark each (subtotal ten marks)
 10 carrying two marks each (subtotal 20 marks).
 Some questions may be of numerical answer type.
GATE Exam Pattern 2022 Types of Questions
The GATE paper pattern consists of 2 types of questions MCQs & NAT. To know detailed information about the same, candidates can refer to the below points.
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
 For MCQs, applicants are given four choices, and out of that, they have to select one correct answer.
 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) will be carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all the papers and sections.
 There is a GATE negative marking for every wrong answer:
 For MCQ carrying a total of 1 mark, a 1/3rd mark will be deducted for marking a wrong answer.
 For MCQ carrying a total of 2 marks, the 2/3rd mark will be deducted for selecting a wrong answer.
Numerical Answer Type (NAT)
 As per GATE Exam Pattern 2022, Numerical Answer Type (NAT) will carry 1 or 2 marks.
 NAT consists of questions with a value or an actual number as their answer.
 NAT's questions will be mentioned with the number of decimal places that the candidates need to make an answer.
 The solution for NAT should be entered using the mouse of the computer system.
 There will not be any choices for these.
 Candidates must note that using the keyboard is not allowed, as it will lock your answer panel.
 GATE does not have any negative marking system for a wrong answer in NAT questions.
GATE Marking Scheme 2022
In order to understand the examination paper, it is essential for all the candidates to know about the GATE marking scheme and marks distribution. The GATE examination paper covers 65 questions of 100 marks for each of the 24 subjects. Each paper is further divided into subsections, and based on that GATE marking scheme is designed.
 As per the exam paper pattern, from 100 marks, there will be 10 questions which will cover the entire GA section.
 The General Aptitude section will consist of 5 Questions of 2 Marks each and 5 Questions of 1 Marks.
 Engineering Mathematics section will cover approximately 13% weight out of 100 marks for all these papers AE, AG, BM, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, ES, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF, and XE
 The subject of the paper acquires the remaining 72% weight of total marks.
 For the paper codes like AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, ST, XH, and XL, the GA section will cover 15% out of 100 marks, the subject of the article will cover the other 85% of the total question paper.
To understand the GATE marks distribution and marking scheme more straightforwardly, candidates can take a look at the below table:
Paper Code  General Aptitude (GA) Marks  Subject Marks  GATE Total Marks  Total Time (Minutes) 

For subjects like AE, AR, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, CY, EC, EE, ES, EY, IN, MA, ME, MN, MT, PE, PH, PI, TF, ST, and BM  15  85  100  180 
For GG [Part A + Part B (Section 1 Geology OR Section 2 Geophysics)]  15  25 + 60  100  180 
For XE (Section A + Any TWO Sections)  15  15 + (2 X 35)  100  180 
For XH (Section B1 + Any ONE Section)  15  25 + (1 X 60)  100  180 
For XL (Section P + Any TWO Sections)  15  25 + (2 X 30)  100  180 
GATE Negative Marking 2022
 There is no provision of negative marking in the examination for NAT.
 For MCQs carrying one mark each, 1/3rd marks will be deducted as a penalty for marking the wrong answer.
 For the MCQs carrying two marks, 2/3 marks will be deducted for marking the incorrect response.
 If, in the case of NATs and MSQs, no negative marking will be applicable for wrong answers.