M.Sc in Geography is a postgraduate program for the duration of two years that deals with the study of earth and its relation with humans. This program covers people, attributes, Earth-the land, and topography. The students with M.Sc in Geography degree hold a wide variety of job opportunities with job titles as Geography Professor, Geo Analyst Trainee, Geographic Information System - Technician, Business Development Executive, Management Trainee.

M.Sc Geography Course Details

Degree Masters
Full Form Master of Science in Geography
Duration Course Duration of Master of Science [M.Sc] (Geography) is 2 Years.
Age 22-27
Minimum Percentage 50%
Subjects Required BA with Geography or B.Sc with Geography
Average Fees Incurred INR 30,000 - 1 LPA
Similar Options of Study MA (Geography), M.Sc (Marine Biology), M.Sc (Biology) etc.
Average Salary Offered INR 4 LPA [Source: Glassdoor]
Employment Roles Research Fellow, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Analyst, Geographer, Cartographer, Marine Geologists, Oceanographers, Lecturer, Operations Manager, Senior Executive Assistant etc
Placement Opportunities Research Institutes, Government Agencies, Private Companies, Schools, Colleges etc

About M.Sc Geography

The Master of Science in Geography is the full form of M.Sc Geography. It is a two-year post-graduation that mainly focuses on training geographers to play active roles in this modern era. The students who have completed Bachelors in Geography can apply for the M.Sc Geography.

According to Wikipedia, “Geography is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and planets. Geographers study the space and the temporal database distribution of phenomena, processes, and features as well as the interaction of humans and their environment. ”

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Eligibility Criteria for M.Sc Geography

The students who want to do M.Sc in Geography must satisfy certain eligibility criteria in order to get admission. The minimum M.Sc in Geography course eligibility requirement includes, students must have pursued an undergraduate degree. No limit for age is the eligibility for M.Sc geography and the students are asked to appear for the entrance examinations conducted by several universities.

How To Get Admission in M.Sc Geography?

The Master Of Science in Geography students must satisfy some eligibility criteria to get admission to the university or an institution.  The admission process is very similar to other courses that fall under the umbrella of M.Sc. The application form and its details for M.Sc Geo are both online and offline. The details for the M.Sc Geography admission process are given below: 

How to Apply?

M.Sc Geography course details are available on the university website. The candidates who are interested in M.Sc in Geography can fill the application form with all the necessary details. The post-graduation program admission is conducted via entrance exams offered by various universities and colleges. The candidates can also visit the university or college directly and collect the application form for the admission process.

Selection Process

The selection process for M.Sc Geography is done primarily on the basis of the aspiring students’ academic marks obtained while studying for the Bachelors'. Additionally, the entrance exam plays an important role in the final merit list for the students. The merit list is prepared with a list of shortlisted candidates and is notified on the respective websites of the universities.

For the M.Sc Geography candidates, the entrance exams are conducted for the students to obtain admissions. There are a possibility for national level, state level, or college level examinations to be conducted by some institutions. Some of the popular M.Sc In Geography entrance examinations are:

  • JNU Entrance Exam
  • Delhi University Entrance Exam
  • All India Entrance Exams
  • Jamia Millia Islamia Geography Entrance Exam

A Quick Glance at the M.Sc Geography Entrance Exams

It is a must for the candidates who are interested in M.Sc in Geography to prepare well in advance. Timely preparation helps students in many ways while appearing for the entrance examinations. It is also important to know the exam syllabus and pattern. 

  • The questions will be multiple-choice based questions.
  • The total number of questions will be 120 for two hours.
  • The total mark for most entrance exams is 360. Each question carries +3 marks and one mark will be deducted for an incorrect answer.
  • The mode of examination is both online and offline.
  • The questions will be from the concerned subjects of the graduation.

Top 10 M.Sc Geography Colleges in India

M.Sc Geography colleges are located all across the country in different regions. Students can choose the best college depending upon their marks scored and specialization needed. Some of the top colleges for M.Sc Geography in India are listed below: 

M.Sc Geography Colleges


Name of College


NIMS University, Jaipur


Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh


S S Jain Subodh PG College


Stani Memorial PG College, Jaipur


Mehsana Urban Institute of Sciences, Mehsana


Jawaharlal Nehru Rajkeeya Mahavidyalaya, Port Blair


DBS PG College, Dehradun


University of Kalyani, Kalyani


University of Rajasthan, Jaipur


Pragyan International University, Ranchi

Fee Structure for M.Sc Geography

The average fee structure for M.Sc in Geography is around INR 50,000- 1 LPA in private sectors whereas the average M.Sc Geography fee is INR 3,000-10,000 PA in public organizations. Here are some of the best colleges for M.Sc Geography in India providing admissions with a fee structure.


M.Sc Geography Course Fee


Name of the college

Average Course Fees


Presidency College, Chennai

INR 92,500 PA


Queen Mary's College, Chennai

INR 62,200 PA


Lady Brabourne College, Kolkata

INR 34,267 PA


Nirmala College for Women, Coimbatore

INR 28,550 PA


S. S Jain Subodh PG College, Jaipur

INR 19,000 PA

Syllabus and Subjects for M.Sc Geography

The M.Sc Geography duration is two years which has four semesters in it. It aims to provide a deeper understanding of geographical problems and methods, knowledge of theoretical debates within the discipline, and practical training in the use of geographical techniques. This program consists of both core and elective subjects. The course focuses on some of the core subjects, such as:

  • Nature Conservation,
  • Environmental Reporting,
  • Global Change Study,
  • Spatial Planning and Urban Planning,
  • Regional Development,
  • Administrative Organization

Read More: M.Sc Geography- Syllabus & Subjects

Why Choose M.Sc Geography?

Students often wonder about M.Sc Geography course details before choosing the course. Before deciding on a career, students come across queries like, "What is M.Sc in Geography?" and "Why choose M.Sc in Geography?”. To clearly understand answers to these questions, we have framed the following three pointers:

What is M.Sc Geography All About?

M.Sc Geography is a postgraduate degree program of 2 years that deals with the study of earth's atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere and its relation with the people. The college students are taught to investigate the styles in all of the spheres, take a look at the ancient and current modifications withinside the natural environment, and research associated with the socio-cultural aspects, useful resource economy, and burning troubles like floods, deforestation, and environmental degradation on the local level.

What Does a M.Sc Geography Graduate Do?

The opportunities for M.Sc Geography graduates to get placed are higher in both public and private organizations. The M.Sc Geography graduates can get jobs such as GIS Analyst, Cartographer, Geoscientist, Urban and regional planner, and High school teacher.

Role of Geoscientist: Geoscientists usually have work in fields. They collect a few samples by traveling to a particular location and study it. By creating a regular record and aerial photographs, they keep updating their skills. They explore natural resources, observe and record natural hazards in the atmosphere to conduct research on it.

Reasons Why M.Sc Geography Can Fetch You a Rewarding Career?

M.Sc in Geography can be a rewarding career for graduates as it trains students for exciting and successful careers in Geography. Geographers can work in many fields such as Pollution Control Boards, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Geological Survey of India.

Career Scope and Options: The M.Sc Geography graduates can work in government-run fields of urban and regional planning. They also have the opportunity to become a teacher in schools or as an assistant professor in colleges. They are majorly found in consulting firms to conduct geological innovative research.

Preparation Tips for M.Sc Geography

The M.Sc in Geography is an excellent career option for freshers and the candidates have to prepare well for the examinations before joining the course. Some of the important tips for students who wish to get admission in M.Sc Geography are: 

Study About The Course: once the candidates find their interests, the first step is to identify the syllabus of the course. Then, do some research on the topics that are covered under the syllabus. 

Improvise Your Skills: It is important for geologists to have knowledge of mathematics. Therefore, problem-solving and analytical skills should be developed to achieve a good performance all over the course. It is also advisable to enhance communication skills to get better opportunities in the future.

Be Proficient: The candidates should have the capabilities to get admission for post-graduation programs under physical and mental pressure and should have the ability to work in a team.

Scope For Higher Education

Similarly, the graduates can work as well as prepare for higher education in parallel. Obtaining higher education can help the students learn about subjects and topics in greater depth and detail. This can help them create a career in the research field. The higher studies that M.Sc Geography graduates can do are:

  • Certified course in Geography
  • M.Phil
  • PhD

Salary of a M.Sc Geography Graduate

The average salary for an M.Sc Geography graduate is around INR 5-8 LPA [Source: PayScale]. The salary range increases with an increase in experience and skills.

Career Options After M.Sc Geography

The graduates can work as a hydrologist, town planning, urban and regional planning, cartographer, Climate change analyst, geomorphologist, climatologist, geospatial analyst, etc. they could find job opportunities among various fields such as environmental management, geographic information systems, meteorology, urban planning, teaching, and research.

A few career options that an M.Sc Geography graduate would hold are:

  • Climate Change Analyst
  • Climatologist
  • Emergency Management Specialist
  • Geomorphologist
  • Geospatial analyst
  • GIS specialist
  • Hydrologist
  • Location analyst

Skills That Make You The Best M.Sc Geography Graduate

M.Sc Geography graduates should develop good mathematical skills and should be creative in bringing innovative ideas. Some necessary skills for M.Sc Geography graduates are:

  • Complex Problem-Solving Skills
  • Strong Analytical Skills
  • Good Technical Skills
  • Team Management
  • Critical Thinking
  • Strong Risk Assessment Skills 

See Various Master of Science [M.Sc] (Geography) Colleges in India

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