TOEFL 2019 Exam Pattern

The TOEFL tests a candidate in 4 different aspects of English Language, viz. his/her reading ability, listening and understanding, speaking proficiency and writing mastery. Check the TOEFL Syllabus for understanding what all the things do the Exam consists of.

Sections in TOEFL Exam

To test the candidate's English language ability the TOEFL has been divided into 4 skill areas, with a  separate score from 0 to 30, for each section. Details of the test pattern are given below:




0 - 30


0 - 30


0 - 30


0 - 30

Total Score

0 - 120

  • The total TOEFL score is the sum of scores of all 4 skills. To receive a score, it is compulsory to attempt at least one question in the Reading section by writing at least 1 essay and the Listening section by completing at least 1 speaking task.
  • The TOEFL duration may vary from 3 Hours and 10 Minutes (190 Minutes) to 4 Hours (240 Minutes), with an additional 10 Minutes break between Listening and Speaking sections. 
  • Time is varied because the Reading section may take 60 to 80 Minutes and the Listening section may take 60 to 90 Minutes. Below is a table of sections with the respective number of questions and tasks.






60–80 minutes

36–56 questions

Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions. Each passage contains 12-14 questions


60–90 minutes

34–51 questions

Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answer questions. Each one contains 5-6 questions


20 minutes

6 tasks

Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.


50 minutes

2 tasks

Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.
  • Native-speaking English Accents: Since after the exam you will be joining Universities abroad, where you will encounter English speaking people of various accents, some such accents have been added in the Listening and Speaking sections.
  • Negative Marking: There are no negative marks for wrong answers in the TOEFL Exam.
  • Additional Questions: There can be additional questions that would be present in the examination such as in the Reading or Listening, which are not actually considered for scoring. They are simply to test the new questions functionality. Still, the candidate is expected to attempt all of the questions, because we cannot know which among the questions is not considered for marking.


There is a mandatory break between the first two and the second two sections. The break is of 10 minutes.

Now that you know how the exam pattern will be, you can look at TOEFL Eligibility Criteria to see what are the general criteria for the exam and also, what are all the things that you should take to the exam.

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