CLAT Syllabus 2021: Maths, Logical Reasoning, GK, Current Affairs, Quantitative, Legal Aptitude

Apr 30, 2021 | Law


The Consortium of National Law Universities has formulated the syllabus for CLAT 2021. CLAT 2021 will be held as an offline exam, that will cover 5 sections, namely; English Language, Current Affairs (Including General Knowledge), Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative Techniques. With the help of the CLAT 2021 syllabus, candidates can get an idea of what they need to source in terms of the study materials required, which are reference books, sample papers, and CLAT previous years' question papers.

It is important that candidates appearing for the CLAT exam are well aware of the syllabus of the exam as it will help them prepare for the same. Candidates should note that the CLAT syllabus 2021 and LLB and LLM are slightly different. Every year, the Consortium of NLUS makes changes to the CLAT syllabus. The aspirants must go through the contents of this page meticulously, to know about the changes which have been made to the CLAT UG Syllabus for 2021. The highlights and other important aspects of the syllabus related to the CLAT 2021 exam are mentioned below.

CLAT Syllabus 2021 Highlights

The Consortium of National Law Schools and Universities is the conducting authority that decides the syllabus for CLAT 2021. Every year, the CLAT syllabus goes through slight modifications. The subjects covered under the CLAT syllabus 2021 are mentioned below:

  • English Language
  • Current Affairs (including General Knowledge)
  • Legal Reasoning
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Quantitative Ability
Conducting Authority The Consortium of National Law Universities and Schools
Sections The most important topics to be studied based on past examinations are English Language, Current Affairs (Including GK), Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative Ability
Maximum Marks 150 Marks
Negative Marking Every incorrectly answered question will lead to a deduction of 0.25 marks from the candidate's total score.
Duration 2 Hours
Format Multiple Choice Questions

CLAT Syllabus 2021: English Language

The English Language section in the CLAT exam is designed to test the candidate's reading ability. Candidates will have to attempt 4 to 5 comprehension passages of 450 words each, the contents of which will be derived from fiction and non-fiction writing from contemporary and historical sources. Following the passages, 4 to 5 objective-type questions will be asked that will test the following skills of the candidate:

  • Understanding of the main point discussed, along with the arguments and viewpoints discussed in the passages.
  • Draw conclusions and inferences based on the contents of the passages.
  • Draw a summary of the passages.
  • Identify, compare, and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints given in the passages.
  • Vocabulary
  • Understanding of phrases

CLAT Syllabus 2021: Current Affairs (including General Knowledge)

This section will test the candidate's knowledge in current affairs, as well as the candidate's general knowledge. Like the English Language section, this section will also have 450-word comprehension passages. This section will also have objective questions following each passage. The Current Affairs section will have around 35 and 39 questions, which makes up for 25% of the paper. Candidates will have to read up on the following topics to stay on top of their preparation for this section:

  • News and Events (from India and around the world)
  • Legal Editorials
  • Legal Opinions
  • Journals
  • Non-fiction writing
  • Art and Culture
  • International Affairs
  • Historical Events (of continuing significance)

CLAT Syllabus 2021: Legal Reasoning

The Legal Reasoning section will also have 4 to 5 comprehension passages of about 450 words each. Like the Current Affairs section, this section will also make up for 25% of the overall questions asked in the paper. The contents of the passages may be drawn from various factual scenarios or events involving legal matters and questions, public policy questions, and moral philosophical inquiries. For this section, it is imperative that candidates have some prior knowledge or understanding of the law. A basic understanding or awareness of legal and moral issues will be helpful in attempting this section. The questions that may be asked will revolve around the following themes:

  • Identify the rules and principles mentioned in the passage and draw an inference
  • Use the rules and principles in the passage to factual situations
  • Understand how a change in the rules and principles can alter the applications of the same to factual situations

CLAT Syllabus 2021: Logical Reasoning

The Logical Reasoning section is designed to test the critical and analytical thinking abilities of the candidate. This section will have between 28 and 32 objective-type questions that will require the candidate to demonstrate the following:

  • Being able to recognize arguments, the premise of the arguments, and drawing conclusions.
  • Being able to critically examine the pattern of reasoning, and drawing conclusions based on assessing evidence and premises.
  • Drawing an inference from reading the passages and applying the same to new situations.
  • Assessing the effectiveness of the arguments, drawing relationships and analogies, and identifying contradictions and equivalence.

CLAT Syllabus 2021: Quantitative Ability

The Quantitative Ability section will have questions that will be asked from Class X Mathematics. Most questions from this section will be asked from short sets, facts or propositions, graphs or text, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical formations. Using the information derived from the facts, diagrams, passages, graphs, and other representations, candidates will have to apply Mathematical formulas and operations while answering the questions. This section will have between 13 and 17 questions. Candidates will have to study the following topics closely:

  • Ratios and Proportions
  • Basic Algebra
  • Mensuration and Statistical Estimation
  • Percentage
  • Profit and Loss

CLAT Syllabus 2021: Subject-wise distribution of marks

Each section in the CLAT 2021 exam has a set weightage set by the exam conducting authority. The subject-wise distribution of questions and marks in the exam as per the CLAT syllabus 2021 is as follows:

CLAT Syllabus 2021: Subject-wise Distribution of Marks
Subject Expected No. of Questions Expected Marks
English Language 28 - 32 28 - 32
Current Affairs (including GK) 35 - 39 35 - 39
Legal Reasoning 35 - 39 35 - 39
Logical Reasoning 28 - 32 28 - 32
Quantitative Ability 13 - 17 13 - 17
Total 150 150

CLAT 2021 Exam Preparation Tips

Candidates should follow the points mentioned below while preparing for the CLAT 2021 exam:

  • Go through the Syllabus and Exam Pattern thoroughly: This is, perhaps, the most important step that candidates have to begin with. Having a good knowledge of the syllabus and exam pattern will give candidates an idea as to what the important topics are that they have to focus on. They will also be able to strategize writing the paper for maximum marks.
  • Prepare notes while studying: Candidates must make it a point to make notes while studying, especially during the initial round of studying each topic. This will help candidates recall the topics studied better, and will also immensely help candidates during their revision process.
  • Practice mock tests and sample papers: Practicing mock tests and sample papers, as well as question papers from the previous years, can give candidates a serious edge in the CLAT 2021 exam. This practice will provide first-hand information about the exam pattern, as well as the type of questions that can be asked. By doing this, candidates will be able to assess their weaknesses and work on them.
  • Have ample revision time: It is ideal for candidates to finish their preparation process well in advance of the CLAT 2021 exam. It is recommended that candidates complete their preparation process at least a month before the date of the exam as they can use that time to revise all the topics. The revision will only reinforce everything that the candidate has studied, which will ease anxiety and boose the confidence of the candidate.

CLAT Preparation Books 2021

CLAT is attempted by lakhs of aspirants every year. To prepare for the exam, candidates must study hard and practice mock tests and previous years' question papers. They need quality study material, which would help them understand all the concepts clearly and solve all their doubts. Some of the best CLAT reference book, recommended by top scorers of the exam are tabulated below:

Book Title Author/Publisher Subject/Domain
Word Power Made Easy Norman Lewis English
The Pearson Guide to CLAT Pearson's English
Current Affairs Yearly Arihant Publications General Knowledge
Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Exams Pearson's Quantitative Aptitude
Verbal Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal Logical Reasoning
A Modern Approach to Logical Reasoning R.S. Aggarwal Logical Reasoning
Objective Legal Aptitude R.S. Aggarwal Legal Reasoning
Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning Pearson's Legal Reasoning
CLAT Reference Books 2021

CLAT 2021 FAQs

Q. Can you give some preparation tips for a 12th class student to crack CLAT 2021?

Ans. It is important for the aspirants to study the exam pattern in detail, and prepare the entire CLAT syllabus given on this page, one topic at a time. Candidates should work on their reading speed, as they will have to read various comprehensions and answer the questions that follow, in the CLAT question paper. The candidates must give each section equal importance and time, at the time of preparation. Solving the mock tests and previous year's question papers is an important step that every aspirant must reserve the last two weeks for.

Q. How can a candidate prepare for CLAT in 3 months?

Ans. Most of the candidates start their preparation at least 1 year before the exam. The candidates who are starting their preparation in the last three months must devote at least 7-8 hours of their day to CLAT preparation. They should be familiar with all the current affairs related to finance, business, sports, politics, etc. Candidates who are in class 12 will also have to prioritize their board exams as scoring well in the Senior School Certificate Examination is equally important. Apart from the reference books, they should also go through the YouTube lessons.


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