B.Ed Syllabus and Subjects

Duration: 2 Years
Avg Fees: ₹10K - 1 LPA
Sakshi Chaudhary
Sakshi Chaudhary

Updated on - Feb 2, 2024

Latest Updates for B.Ed

  • 21 April 2024 :

    UGC NET Application Form 2024 is out. The last date to apply is May 10, 2024 (up to 11:50 PM).

  • 19 April 2024 :

    UP B.Ed JEE 2024 application form last date has been extended till Apr 30, 2024.

  • 01 April 2024 :

    APSET 2024 exam date has been scheduled for Apr 28, 2024.

  • 07 March 2024 :

    TS EDCET Application Form 2024 is out. The last date to apply is May 6, 2024.

B.Ed syllabus spans a duration of two years and is divided into four semesters. B.Ed syllabus engages in both theoretical coursework and practical teaching experiences. B. Ed syllabus consists of both the core and elective courses as part of the curriculum and is framed to meet the psychological temperament of the students.

B.Ed subject list helps the students with their specialization and can help them build a career in teaching. B.Ed syllabus includes subjects such as learning and teaching, education in contemporary India, pedagogy of school subjects, creating an inclusive school, etc.

The B.Ed course covers various aspects of teaching, including educational psychology, curriculum design, pedagogical methods, and classroom management. Due to the demand for teachers, the B.Ed job scope is very vast in India in terms of getting appropriate career opportunities.

Table of Contents


Semester Wise B.Ed Syllabus

B.Ed subjects are designed to introduce the students to all the essential concepts related to teaching and learning, the psychology of children, and more. The B.Ed subjects list depends on the specialization that the students intend to choose. With every specialization, the B.Ed subject will change. There are core subjects that all students have to study, B.Ed 2nd and B.Ed 3rd semester syllabus changes according to the specialization that the students choose to pursue.

B.Ed First Year Syllabus

The B.Ed first year syllabus aims to equip future educators with essential skills and knowledge for future educators across multiple semesters. Here is a table of the first-year B.Ed syllabus:

B.Ed First Semester Syllabus

B.Ed 1st sem syllabus covers basic topics like principles of educational technology, pedagogical studies introduction, basics of teaching methodologies, etc. Here is a table for the first-semester BEd subjects:

B.Ed 1st Sem Subject Name

Practical Topics

Childhood and Growing Up

School Exposure

Contemporary India and Education

Engagement with the Field: Tasks and Assignments for Courses 

Language Across the Curriculum


Pedagogy of School Subject-1-Part I


Pedagogy of School Subject-2- Part I


Understanding ICT and Its Application


B.Ed 2nd Semester Syllabus

BEd second semester syllabus is focused on how to develop effective lesson plans, engaging learning resources, and how to use differentiated instruction to address the various requirements of students. Here is a table for the B.Ed 2nd sem subject name list:

B.Ed 2nd Sem Subject Name

Practical Topics

Learning and Teaching

School Attachment

Pedagogy of School Subject-1 – Part II

Community Living Camp

Pedagogy of School Subject-2 – Part II

Engagement with the Field: Tasks and Assignments for Courses

Knowledge and Curriculum 


Assessment for Learning


B.Ed Second Year Syllabus

The B.Ed second year syllabus covers advanced pedagogy techniques, theories related to student learning and development, design instruction advanced methods, curriculum development, assessment techniques, and practical classroom experience. The following sections details the second-year B.Ed syllabus:

B.Ed 3rd Semester Syllabus

B.Ed third semester syllabus focuses on understanding inclusive practices, evaluation techniques, content knowledge development, developing research skills during pre-internship school training, etc. Here is a table for the BEd 3rd semester syllabus:

B.ed 3rd Semester Subjects

Practical Topics

Gender, School and Society

Engagement with the Field: Tasks and Assignments

Reading and Reflecting on Texts 

Pre Internship

Arts in Education 


Understanding the Self -I


Creating an Inclusive School


Health, Yoga and Physical Education 


B.Ed 4th Sem Syllabus

B.Ed fourth semester syllabus is divided into final internship and advanced topics along with the opportunity to enhance teaching skills through micro-teaching sessions consisting of observed and reflective teaching.  Here is a table for the fourth-semester BEd subjects:

B.ed 4th Sem Syllabus

Practical Topic

School Internship

Engagement with the Field: Tasks and assignments related to internship

Understanding the Self-II


Reflective Teaching

Micro Teaching Session

B.Ed Subjects

B.Ed course subjects depend on the specialization that the students choose to pursue and focus on. The core B.Ed courses are subjects that the students study irrespective of their specialization, as they lay the foundation of teaching methodologies. The elective subjects focus on the specialization that the students choose to pursue. 

B.Ed Core Subjects

B.Ed core subjects aim at the understanding of the foundation of education, psychology of learning and development, pedagogy of school subjects, philosophy of education, etc. Below listed are B.Ed core subjects:

  • Development of Learner
  • Education in Contemporary India
  • Learning & Teaching
  • Language Across the Curriculum
  • Reading and Reflecting on Texts
  • Basics of Knowledge and Curriculum 
  • Assessment for Learning
  • Pedagogy of Disciplinary Stream
  • Understanding Disciplines and Subjects
  • Gender, School and Society
  • Pedagogy of School Subject
  • Understanding the Self
  • Understanding the ICT and its Applications

B.Ed Elective Subjects

B.Ed elective subjects depend on the specialization chosen by the student and the interest area. Below listed are B.Ed elective subjects:

  • Special Education
  • Language Education
  • Mathematics Education
  • Science Education
  • Social Studies Education
  • Physical Education
  • Computer Education
  • Environmental Education
  • Educational Leadership
  • Counseling Psychology
  • Early Childhood Education
  • Global Education
  • Art Education
  • Literacy Education

B.Ed Subjects in Detail

B.Ed subjects focus on understanding the sociology of education, curriculum development and planning, legal aspects of education, subject-specific methods of teaching, education management and administration, comparative education, etc.

The important subjects covered in B.Ed syllabus are explored in detail in the following table:

BEd Subjects

Topics Covered

Childhood and Growing Up

Learner as a Developing Individual, Development and Learning, Understanding Childhood in Socio Cultural Perspectives, Adolescence: Issues and Concern, Stages of Child Development: Implications for Teachers

Learning and Teaching

Understanding the Learner, Understanding Learning, Learning in ‘Constructivist’ Perspective, Understanding Teaching, Teaching as a Profession

Knowledge and Curriculum

Knowledge and Knowing, Forms of Knowledge and its Organisation in Schools, Curriculum Determinants and Considerations, Curriculum Development (at School Level), Curriculum Implementation and Renewal

Creating an Inclusive School

Understanding Inclusion in Education, Understanding Physical, Psychological and Social Cultural Diversity, Addressing Learners’ Diversity

Gender, School and Society

Gender Issues: Key Concepts, Socialization Processes in India: Family, School and Society, Creating Gender Inclusive Classroom

B.Ed Distance Education Syllabus

The BEd distance education syllabus course structure is flexible and the outline is similar to the regular B.Ed syllabus. The course structure is divided into foundation courses, core education courses, language proficiency courses, and elective courses. Below listed is the B.Ed syllabus for top distance education college in India IGNOU:

IGNOU B.Ed Syllabus

IGNOU B.Ed syllabus is excellent for future educators and is attained by many students across the country due to its low fee structure. The college offers 2 school internships to students where the first internship is for 4 weeks and the second internship is for 16 weeks. The following section details the IGNOU B.Ed syllabus over the two years:

IGNOU B.Ed First Year Syllabus

The IGNOU first year B.Ed syllabus consists of 16 core course credits divided into content-based methodology courses, workshops, internship-I, and enhancing professional capacity courses. The table below contains the subjects of the IGNOU first-year syllabus:

IGNOU BEd 1st Sem Syllabus

IGNOU BEd 2nd Sem Syllabus

Core Courses

Methodology Courses

Childhood and Growing Up

Pedagogy of Science

Contemporary India and Education

Pedagogy of Social Science

Learning and Teaching

Pedagogy of Mathematics

Language Across the Curriculum

Pedagogy of English

Understanding Disciplines and Subjects

Pedagogy of Hindi

Workshop Based Activities

Reading and Reflecting on the Texts

Practical Courses

Application of ICT

Internship 1


IGNOU B.Ed Second Year Syllabus

The 2nd year B Ed syllabus at IGNOU consists of a total of 12 credits divided into core courses, elective courses, Internship-II, and enhancing professional capacity courses. The table below contains the subjects of the IGNOU second-year syllabus:

IGNOU BEd 3rd Sem Syllabus

IGNOU BEd 4th Sem Syllabus

Core Courses

Optional Courses

Knowledge and Curriculum

Open and Distance Education

Assessment for Learning

Guidance and Counselling

Creating an Inclusive School

Adolescence and Family Education

Gender, School, and Society

Vocational Education

Drama and Art in Education

Information and Communication Technology

Practical Courses

Understanding the Self and Yoga

Internship 2

Workshop Based Activities

B.Ed IGNOU Subjects

The B.Ed syllabus offers a wide range of subjects to impart knowledge and information about the program such as education technology, teaching methods, inclusive education, along with teaching micro sessions. Below are some subjects from the IGNOU B.Ed program:

  • Learner as a Developing Individual
  • Development and Learning
  • Understanding Childhood from a Socio-Cultural Perspective
  • Understanding the Learner
  • Understanding Learning
  • Learning from the ‘Constructivist’ Perspective
  • Tasks and Assignments in Different Courses
  • School Internship
  • Courses on Enhancing Professional Capacities
  • Gender Issues: Key Concepts

The IGNOU B.Ed syllabus during the first semester also allows teaching exposure by some universities. This is also considered a part of the B.Ed syllabus and holds weight in the final evaluation.

Read More: B.Ed Distance Education Syllabus and Subjects

Other Topics Covered in B.Ed Syllabus

  • Gender, School, and Society: Gender Issues; Creating Gender-inclusive Classrooms.
  • Arts in Education: Visual Arts and Crafts, Performing Arts, etc.
  • Introduction to Understanding the Self: Professional Self and Ethics, Role of Teacher in Development, etc.
  • Creating an Inclusive School: Understanding Inclusion in Education, Understanding Diversity, Addressing Learner’s Diversity. 
  • Reading and Reflecting on Texts
  • Health, Yoga, and Physical Education

College Wise B.Ed Syllabus

The subjects and syllabus for B.Ed can differ across institutions based on their educational objectives. To download the B.Ed syllabus pdf, students can access the official website of their selected university and download the pdf directly. Here's a general outline of the syllabus of the B.Ed colleges in India.

Sikkim University B.Ed Syllabus

Sikkim University's B.Ed syllabus is thoughtfully structured, starting with learner development, curriculum basics, and teaching methodologies. Semester three emphasizes subject-specific pedagogy and inclusive education, followed by practical school internships in semester four, preparing students for their roles as educators.

The B.Ed syllabus is detailed in the table below:

Sikkim University BEd 1st Sem Syllabus

Sikkim University BEd 2nd Sem Syllabus

Development of Learner

Basics of Knowledge and Curriculum 

Education in Contemporary India

Assessment for Learning

Learning & Teaching

Pedagogy of disciplinary stream

Language Across the Curriculum

Understanding Disciplines and Subjects

Reading and Reflecting on Texts

Developing Creative Skills

Sikkim University B. Ed 3rd Sem Syllabus

Sikkim University BEd 4th Sem Syllabus

Pedagogy of a school subject (any two)

School Internship

Gender, School, and Society

Inclusive Education


Understanding the Self

School Internship


Critical Understanding of ICT


University of Allahabad B.Ed Syllabus

The University of Allahabad's syllabus covers philosophy, sociology, subject knowledge, pedagogical methods, curriculum development, assessment techniques, psychology of learning, and educational technology. The program culminates in the fourth semester with school internships and community involvement, allowing students to apply their knowledge in real classroom settings. The B.Ed syllabus is outlined in the table below:

Semester I

Semester II

Philosophy and Sociology of Education

Subject Knowledge 

Development of Learner

Pedagogy of School Subject I 

School Curriculum Development

Pedagogy of School Subject II 

Principles and Methods of Teaching

School Internship – I (Management of School Activities) 

Personality Development & Yoga

School Internship – I (Learner Assessment)

Semester III

Semester IV

Assessment of Learning

Psychology of Learning 

Educational Technology & ICT

Education in Contemporary Indian Society 

School Internship – II Subject I (20 Lesson Plans + 1 Final lesson plan teaching) 

School Management

School Internship – II Subject II (20 Lesson Plans + 1 Final lesson plan teaching)

Action research

School Internship – II (Community Work)

Language Across the Curriculum

Specialisation-Wise B.Ed Syllabus and Subjects

B.Ed syllabus has evolved to keep up with the changing times and education systems around the world. The B.Ed 1st-year syllabus focuses on the core foundational knowledge that the students must know about related to the teaching and learning methodologies in children.

Whereas, from the B.Ed 3rd semester onwards, the education starts focusing on the specialization that the students choose. The B.Ed 4th-semester syllabus has a research project part of its syllabus which helps the professors access the students' understanding of the syllabus.

B.Ed Special Education

B.E Special Education is a course that focuses on the training of candidates who want to take up teaching specially-abled kids. Special Education is the branch of education that uses instructional material, special instructional methodology, learning-teaching aids, and such equipment to meet the educational needs of children with specific learning disabilities.

Read More: B.Ed Special Education Syllabus and Subjects

B.Ed Computer Science

Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) (Computer Science) is a professional degree that prepares students to work as teachers in schools, about Computers and their contemporary applications and various aspects of the computing world. The B.Ed (Computer Science) degree is mandatory for teaching at the secondary (classes 6 to 10) and higher secondary (10+2 or classes 11 and 12).

Read More: B.Ed Computer Science Syllabus and Subjects

B.Ed English

B.Ed (English) full form is Bachelor of Education(English). After B.Ed (English) students can consider a Master in Education (M.Ed.) in English at Indian universities. Generally, to apply for a Bachelor of Education candidates are required to secure a minimum of 50% in graduation. B.Ed (English) eligibility criteria vary from college to college.

Read More: B.Ed English Syllabus and Subjects

Other Important B.Ed Syllabus and Subjects:

B.Ed Entrance Exam Syllabus

Admissions to the B.Ed are based on merit and entrance exams. The B.Ed entrance exam syllabus is similar to all B.Ed entrance exams. The main sections to cover to get good grades in the B.Ed entrance exams are-

  • General Knowledge
  • Verbal Aptitude
  • Teaching Aptitude
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Quantitative Aptitude 

The B.Ed Syllabus for the Entrance examination is mentioned below in detail. 

Main Section

Important Topics


General Knowledge



Current Affairs

General Science

Verbal Aptitude


Paragraph Based Puzzles

Seating Arrangements

Bar, Pie, and Line chart Data Interpretations

Teaching Aptitude

Nature, Objective, Characteristics, and Basic Requirements of Teaching

Factors Affecting Teaching

Teaching Aids

Methods of Teaching

Logical Reasoning

Series Completion

Substitution and Interchanging

Tests of Alphabet

Principle of Classification

Quantitative Aptitude



Ratio & Proportion

Profit & Loss

B.Ed Course Structure

B.Ed course structure consists of both the core and elective subjects. The B.Ed 4th-semester syllabus consists of elective subjects that introduce the students to all the important subjects related to the specific subject or specialization they might choose.

Additionally, practical workshops give the students a chance to learn about the specialization in greater detail. The B.Ed course structure is:

  • IV Semesters
  • Core Subjects
  • Elective Subjects
  • Practical Workshops
  • Seminar

B.Ed Teaching Methodology and Techniques

B.Ed teaching methodologies and techniques consist of both traditional lecture-based training as well as practical forms of teaching methods. The main aim of the practical form of teaching methods is to introduce students to the concepts with real-life problems and scenarios.

The traditional methods, on the other hand, give the students a chance to ask any questions or queries they might have.

  • Traditional Classroom-Based Teaching
  • Practicals Workshops
  • Inquiry-Based Learning
  • Flipped Classroom

B.Ed Projects

During the B.Ed first year, the syllabus focuses on the primary concepts that are essential for the learning of the students. Whereas, in the B.Ed 4th Sem, syllabus the students are expected to work on a research project. These research project helps universities and colleges assess the student’s understanding of the subject.

Students choose the topic of their project based on the specialization they pursue. Listed below are some of the popular research projects that are undertaken by the students.

  • Examine the effects of various classroom management techniques on student conduct and academic achievement.
  • Study on how technology is used in the classroom and how it affects learning objectives and student participation.
  • Analyzing methods for fostering an inclusive learning environment in the classroom.
  • Study the function of play in the education of young children.

B.Ed Reference Books

B.Ed syllabus books help students understand the concepts of psychology, pedagogy, assessment, technology integration, inclusive education, curriculum development, etc. Below listed are a few important B.Ed books along with the respective subject and authors:

B.Ed Subjects

BEd Books


Childhood and Growing Up

The Development of Children

M. Cole and S.Cole

Learning and Teaching

Methods for Effective Teaching

Paul R Burden and David M. Byrd

Knowledge and Curriculum

The Concept of Knowledge

P. Butchvarov

Creating an Inclusive School

Index for Inclusion: Developing Learning and Participation in Schools

M.Ainscow and T.Booth

Gender, School and Society

Gender and Violence in Schools

M. Dunne

B.Ed Fee Structure


Which is better B Ed or BTC?

Those who have education backgrounds are eligible to apply for both primary and upper primary teaching positions. Candidates who have earned a B. Ed. have an advantage over those who have earned a BTC.

What are the benefits of B Ed course?

Candidates with a B.Ed degree can find employment in educational consultancies, coaching centres, schools, and departments of education.

Is B Ed enough for teaching?

Yes, for candidate wishing to teach higher or secondary grades, B Ed is compulsory.

Do we have to choose subjects in B Ed?

In order to be admitted to the B Ed programme, students must choose certain subjects, and admission is based on the stream they graduated from.

What is the focus of inclusive education in BEd syllabus?

Inclusive education in B.Ed syllabus focuses on meeting the various needs of students with disabilities, encouraging inclusive teaching methods, and creating an inclusive learning environment.

What is the objective of the pre-internship in B.Ed third semester syllabus?

Pre-Internship in B Ed 3rd semester syllabus focuses on students learning about the roles and challenges involved in teaching to prepare for their final internship in the fourth semester.