B.Sc Physics Syllabus and Subjects


3 Years

Average Fees

INR 10K - 1 LPA

Roumik Roy

Updated on Jun 6, 2023 by Roumik Roy

Roumik Roy

Updated on Jun 6, 2023 by Roumik Roy

B.Sc Physics syllabus is based on the foundational areas of physics and natural science. The B.Sc Physics subjects include the study of mechanics, waves and optics, electricity and magnetism, digital systems and applications, thermal physics, quantum mechanics, kinetic theory, and thermodynamics.

BSc Physics syllabus is industry-oriented and equips students with the necessary knowledge and expertise to work in research centers and educational institutes and other sectors based on similar scientific study. Hence, The B.Sc Physics job scope is vast in terms of providing potential career prospects to students.

Table of Contents

Semester Wise B.Sc Physics Syllabus

The BSc Physics syllabus consists of a systematic and multidisciplinary curriculum that involves both theoretical and practical study of the physics. B.Sc physics syllabus for each semester contains theory, lab, and practical examinations. The following is a tabulated breakdown of the general BSc Physics syllabus semester-wise:

First Year BSc Physics Syllabus 

The table below represents the first-year BSc Physics subjects:

Semester Ⅰ

Semester Ⅱ

Language (Regional) Language (Regional)
English Langugage English Langugage

Properties of Matter and Mechanics 

Oscillations and Thermodynamics 


Electricity and Magnetism 

Practical topics in First Year BSc Physics Subjects

Some of the practical topics in the first-year BSc physics syllabus are given below:

  • Range and least count of Instruments, measurements using various instruments and error analysis
  • study damping of a bar pendulum
  • study oscillations of a rubber band and to draw potential energy curve for it
  • Surface Tension- Capillary rise method
  • Thermal conductivity of a bad conductor by Lee’s disc & Fobes method
  • Verification of parallel and perpendicular axis theorem

Second Year B.Sc Physics Syllabus

Some of the BSc Physics subjects in the second-year are given below:

Semester Ⅲ

Semester Ⅳ

Language (Regional) Language (Regional)
English Langugage English Langugage

Sound waves, Applied acoustic, Ultrasonic and Power supply 

Solid state physics, X-ray and Laser

Physical optics and Electromagnetic waves

Solid state electronics, and Molecular physics

Electives Electives

Practical topics in Second Year BSc Physics Subjects

The practical topics in the 2nd-year BSc physics syllabus are given below:

  • Study the speed of waves on stretched string
  • Identification of unknown element from line emission spectra
  • Verification of Newton's law of cooling and Stefan's law of radiation
  • Goniometric study of crystal faces using models
  • Newton's rings - determination of radius of curvature of a lens surface
  • determine the energy gap of a semiconductor using four probe method

Third Year BSc Physics Syllabus

The third-year BSc Physics subjects are given below:

Semester Ⅴ

Semester Ⅵ

Language (Regional) Language (Regional)
English Langugage English Langugage

 Thermal Physics and Statistical Mechanics 

Relativity, Nuclear physics and BioPhysics

Quantum mechanics, Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology

Electronics, Fiber optics, Communication and Digital electronics



Practical topics in Third Year BSc Physics Subjects

Some of the practical topics in the 3rd-year BSc physics syllabus are given below:

  • Estimate the temperature of sodium flame by studying the reversal of the spectral lines
  • Refractive index of a liquid – by Newton’s Rings method
  • Determination of crystal constant by analysis of diffraction pattem obtained by Laue's method
  • Wavelength of light using Biprism
  • Inverting and non inverting amplifier
  • Construction of regulated IC power supply and analyzing the fault in the power supply

B.Sc Physics Subjects

BSc Physics subjects includes the scientific study on composition, makeup, and characteristics of matter and energy. The subjects in BSc physics covers several areas of modern and classical physics.mThe following is a list of the topics covered under the B.Sc Physics syllabus. 

Core Subjects:

Listed below are some of the core BSc Physics subjects

  • Classical Mechanics
  • Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
  • Electromagnetism and Photonics
  • Relativistic Mechanics
  • Quantum Mechanics, Atomic Physics, and Molecular Physics
  • Optics and Acoustics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • High-energy Particle Physics and Nuclear Physics

Elective Subjects:

Listed below are some of the elective BSc Physics subjects

  • Materials Science
  • Astrophysics
  • Energy Physics
  • Electronic Communication Systems
  • Non Conventional Energy Sources
  • Digital Signal Processing
  • Computational Physics Skills
  • Renewable Energy and Energy harvesting

BSc Physics Subjects in Detail

BSc Physics syllabus is diverse and includes wide range of scientific study on optics, particle & nuclear physics, quantum mechanics, electromagnetism, etc. A detailed view of some of the BSc Physics subjects are given below:

BSc Physics Subjects  Topics Covered
Properties Of Matter And Mechanics Elasticity, Viscosity, Surface tension, Mechanics, Waves And Oscillations, Acoustics &ultrasonics
Electricity And Magnetism Electrostatics and Magnetostatics, Motion of Charged Particles in Uniform electric & Magnetic Fields, Integral Calculus, Curvilinear Coordinates
Thermodynamics Conversion of heat, Laws of Thermodynamics, Clausius theorem, Entropy, Nernst heat theorem, Low temp physics
Optics Fresnel’s & Fraunhoffer diffraction, Michelson Interferometer, Fabry-Perot interferometer and etalon, Polarization
Solid State Physics Introduction, Crystal structure, ntroduction, discrete and continuous X-ray spectra, Introduction to LASER, Reciprocal lattice
Quantum Mechanics Planck’s radiation law, Compton Effect, Wave particle duality, Schrodinger’s equation, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

B.Sc Physics Course Structure

B.Sc in Physics syllabus is a three-year undergraduate program divided into six semesters that provide in-depth knowledge of scientific and technical aspects of physics through problem-solving & hands-on exercises, study visits, and projects, and other activities.  The general course structure is given below:

  • VI semesters
  • Practical
  • Project Submission
  • Lab experiment

B.Sc Physics Teaching Methodology and Techniques

B.Sc Physics course curriculum include a variety of techniques are used in laboratories to aid learning. Forensic science laboratories, community ventures, and other action-based learning approaches are used in addition to conventional lecture-based instruction. These techniques include inductive, discovery, scientific method skills, technical skills, and deductive methods. Some effective learning techniques are given below:

  • Demonstration
  • Hypothesis-making and discussion
  • Experiment
  • Problem-solving exercises

B.Sc Physics Projects

B.Sc Physics syllabus include several projects to provide a hostitc idea on the several practical implementiaons of the course outcome. These projects expose students to undertake industry-relevant measures and knowledge. Popular B.Sc Physics projects are given below:

  • Study on the effect of solar power
  • The Phenomenology of jets in astrophysics
  • Construction and Application of heat sensor
  • A Study into energy gap in superconductor
  • Design and Construction of an antenna booster

B.Sc Physics Reference Books

Refreence books in BSc Physics syllabus helps students to gain in-depth knowledge and score well in the exam. The following is a list of the most recommended books for a B.Sc Physics course:




G. Kaur and G.R. Pickrell

Modern Physics

John R. Taylor, Chris D. Zafiratos

Quantum Physics

E.H. Wichman

Waves and Oscillations

N K Bajaj

Concepts of Modern Physics

Arthur Beiser

B.Sc Physics Fee Structure


What is the 1st year syllabus of BSc Physics?

The 1st year syllabus includes subjects like Properties of Matter and Mechanics, Oscillations and Thermodynamics, Electrostatics, etc.

What are the core subjects in BSc Physics?

The core subjects are Classical Mechanics, Relativistic Mechanics, Optics and Acoustics, Condensed Matter Physics, etc.

What are the elective subjects in BSc Physics?

A few of the elective subjects are Materials Science, Astrophysics, Energy Physics, Digital Signal Processing, etc.

What are the BSc Physics projects?

Some popular BSc Physics project topics are Study on the effect of solar power, The Phenomenology of jets in astrophysics, Construction and Application of heat sensors, etc.

What are the important books for BSc Physics?

A few popular reference books include Optics by G. Kaur and G.R. Pickrell, Quantum Physics, by E.H. Wichman, Waves and Oscillations by N K Bajaj, etc.

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