BSc MLT Syllabus and Subjects 2024

Duration: 3 Years
Avg Fees: ₹50K - 2 LPA
Thasleen Mohideen
Thasleen Mohideen

Updated on - Nov 7, 2023

BSc MLT syllabus is divided into six semesters focusing majorly on Human Anatomy, Biochemistry, Cell Physiology, Respiratory System, Cardiovascular System, Blood Composition, Endocrine System, Excretory System, etc. The B.Sc MLT course program specializes in understanding the human system and its function to perform laboratory-related diagnostic tests to treat any medical cases.

The core BSc MLT subjects include Fundamentals of Medical Laboratory Technology, Histopathology & Histotechniques, Cytology & Cytotechnology, Principles of Lab Management & Medical Ethics, etc. 

In addition to core topics, students can select elective subjects like Communication and Soft Skills, Computer Applications, Health Communication, etc. The teaching methodologies include practical training in areas such as blood banking, immunology, and diagnostic techniques.

Table of Contents

BSc MLT Semester-wise Syllabus

BSc MLT syllabus focuses extensively on understanding the functions and structure of human anatomy and physiology to help the students perform diagnostics tests related to various medical conditions. The course covers both fundamentals and skill-based subjects. Listed below is the semester-wise syllabus for BSc in MLT course:

First-Year BSc MLT Syllabus

The BSc MLT syllabus 1st year focuses on Human Anatomy, Pharmacology, Human Physiology, Biochemistry, Bio-Medical Waste Management, etc. Tabulated below is the semester-wise syllabus for BSc MLT 1st year:



Fundamentals of Medical Laboratory


Fundamentals of Medical Laboratory

Technology & Biomedical Techniques

Human Anatomy-I 

Human Anatomy-II

Pharmacology Theory

Bio-Medical Waste Management

Human Physiology -I

Human Physiology -II


General Microbiology and Immunology Theory

B.Sc MLT First Year Syllabus Practical Subjects

Some of the practical topics in the BSc MLT 1st year subjects are given below:

  • Human Anatomy and Physiology-I Practical
  • PC Software Lab 
  • Human Physiology-I Practical

Second-Year BSc MLT Syllabus

The BSc MLT 2nd year syllabus includes subjects such as General Hematology, Pathology, Systemic Bacteriology, Virology, Mycology, etc. Listed below is the semester-wise breakdown of the B.Sc MLT second year syllabus:



General Hematology

Pathology II


Histopathology & Histotechniques -II

Parasitology and Entomology

Systemic Bacteriology, Virology and Mycology 

General Bacteriology

Study Tour

Histopathology & Histotechniques

Environmental Sciences

B.Sc MLT Second Year Syllabus Practical Subjects

Some of the practical topics in the B.Sc MLT second-year subjects are given below:

  • Clinical Haematology-I Practical
  • General Bacteriology-Practical
  • Microbiology, Immunology & Serology-II Practical

Third-Year BSc MLT Syllabus

The B.Sc MLT third-year syllabus focuses on subjects such as Immunohematology and Blood Banking, Preventive and Social Medicine, Clinical Endocrinology and Toxicology, etc. The table below consists of the BSc MLT 3rd year syllabus:




Cytogenetics & Tissue Culture

Immunohematology & Blood Banking

Diagnostic Molecular Biology

Preventive and Social Medicine

Advanced Diagnostic Techniques 

Basic Tissue Pathology

Clinical Endocrinology & Toxicology

Diagnostic Cytology


B.Sc MLT Third Year Syllabus Practical Subjects

The practical subjects for the BSc MLT third-year syllabus are as follows,

  • Immunohematology & Blood Banking Practical 
  • Clinical Enzymology
  • Cytology & Cytotechnology-Practical 

BSc MLT Subjects

BSc MLT course subjects foster a holistic understanding of Human Anatomy, Human Physiology, Biochemistry, and Pharmacology to prepare the students for collaborative practice in various fields.

BSc MLT subjects in 1st year include topics such as Human Anatomy, Anatomy of the Endocrine System, Anatomy of the Cardiovascular system, Anatomical terminologies, etc. B.Sc in MLT subjects are bifurcated into core subjects and electives, the details of which are given below:

Core B.Sc MLT Subjects

The BSc MLT core subjects focus majorly on the theoretical and practical aspects of the course which include understanding the diagnostics techniques, report generation, General Microbiology and Immunology, Lab Management and Ethics, etc. Listed below are the core subjects of the BSc MLT course:

  • Fundamentals of Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Human Anatomy
  • Microbiology
  • General Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Histopathology & Histotechniques
  • General Microbiology and Immunology
  • Systemic Bacteriology, Virology and Mycology
  • Cytology & Cytotechnology
  • Principles of Lab Management & Medical Ethics

BSc MLT Elective Subjects

The students are allowed to choose the elective subjects of their choice based on various factors such as placement opportunities, scope for higher studies, demand in the market, etc. Listed below are the elective subjects for B.Sc in MLT courses:

  • Communication and Soft Skills
  • Computer Application
  • Value and moral education
  • Health Education & Health Communication

BSc MLT Subjects in Detail

BSc in MLT syllabus covers basic and advanced topics related to various aspects of the course to enable students to work in different fields in Medical Laboratory Technology such as optical Laboratory Technician, MRI Technician, Dental Machine Technician, Radiology Technician, and CT Scan Technician. Tabulated below are the important subjects in the B.Sc MLT course along with the topics covered:

BSc MLT Course Subjects

Topics Covered

Introduction to Health

Concept of Health, Concept of well-being, the standard of living, Quality of Life, Hygiene, Dimensions of Health, Positive Health, The Spectrum of Health, Spectrum of Disease, and Responsibility for Health.


Introduction to Clinical Biochemistry and Role of Medical Lab Technologist, Glassware & Plastic Ware used in the Lab, Calibration of Volumetric Apparatus, Cells and Functions, Atomic Structure

Human Anatomy & Physiology

Composition of Blood and Muscle, Gastro Intestinal Tract, Excretory System, Endocrines System, Reproductive System, Cardio Vascular System, Respiratory System, and Central Nervous System.

Fundamentals of Medical Laboratory Techniques and Biomedical Techniques

Common Lab Accidents and Ways for their Prevention, Common Laboratory Hazards, Medico-Legal Aspects of Lab Technology, and Methods of Qualitative Analysis.

Bio-Medical Waste Management

Bio-Medical Aaste – Concepts and Perceptions, Waste Generation, Segregation, Disposal, Training, Occupational Safety and Health Issues.


General Pharmacology, Drugs Acting on the Central Nervous System, Drugs acting on the autonomic nervous system, Drugs acting on the respiratory system, and Drugs acting on the cardiovascular system.

College-Wise BSc MLT Syllabus

The B.Sc MLT syllabus may differ from college to college depending on the curriculum and program objectives. To access a particular college syllabus, students can visit the college's official website and download the B.Sc MLT Syllabus 2023 PDF. Listed below is the B.Sc MLT syllabus from top colleges:

JIPMER BSc MLT Syllabus 2023

The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research BSc MLT syllabus focuses on developing skills related to handling lab equipment, biomedical safety, waste disposal, healthcare communication, lab readings, etc. Listed below is the semester-wise breakdown of the JIPMER B.Sc MLT syllabus:



Anatomy Theory

General Biochemistry Theory

Physiology Theory

General Biochemistry Practical

Physiology Practical

Pharmacologist Theory

Anatomy Practical

Pharmacologist Practical



General Microbiology and Immunology Theory

Systematic Bacteriology, Virology and Mycology

General Microbiology and Immunology practical

Systematic Bacteriology, Virology and Mycology practical

Parasitology and Entomology Theory

Hematology and Blood Banking Theory

Parasitology and Entomology Practical

Haematology and Blood Banking Practical



Preventive and Social Medicine Theory

Clinical Biochemistry Theory

Preventive and Social Medicine Practical

Clinical Biochemistry Practical


Histopathology and Cytology Theory


Histopathology and Cytology Practical

B.Sc MLT Syllabus MGR University 2023

The B.Sc MLT syllabus for MGR University focuses on both theoretical and practical aspects of the course with hands-on practicals, clinical workshops, etc. The semester-wise breakdown of the MGR University BSc MLT syllabus is given below:

First Year
Fundamentals of Chemistry General Methodology Basics
Human Biology Basics of Physics and Principles of Instrumentation
Laboratory Work/Practical Principles of Instrumentation Practical/ Laboratory Work
Second Year
Fundamentals of Biochemistry-I Fundamentals of Clinical Pathology
Histopathology and Cytology Techniques Basics of Hematology
Minor Project Work Entomology and Microbiology Basics
Practical/Laboratory Work Practical/Laboratory Work
Third Year
Advanced Microbiology Fundamentals of Coagulation
Biochemistry-II Transfusion Medicine Concept
Elective-I Project Report
Elective-II Viva/Voce
Practical/Laboratory Work -

BSc MLT Project Topics

As a part of the B.Sc MLT syllabus, students should submit project work during their final year on topics related to medical laboratory technology. Given below are some of the trending project topics for BSc MLT students

  • Anaemia in Pregnancy
  • Automated data analysis of test report results and their scientific  interpretation
  • Chemical Quality Assessment and Production of Aspirin
  • Physicochemical Analysis of different types of paracetamol
  • Microbial Evolution Of Raw Milk From a Dairy Farm
  • Comparative Analysis of Microbial Load Of Enugu Main Water Production and Water Availability to IMT Campus

BSc MLT Course Structure

The B.Sc MLT course structure is designed to provide the students with all the required knowledge and practical skills required to work in healthcare settings. Below listed is the BSc MLT Course Structure:

  • VI Semesters
  • Core Subjects
  • Elective Subjects
  • Practical Lab Workshops
  • Projects
  • Internships

BSc MLT Teaching Methodology and Techniques

For a well-rounded education, B.Sc MLT subjects encourage students to participate in internships, workshops, etc to impart practical knowledge and hands-on experience along with traditional classroom lessons. Here are the teaching methodology and techniques for BSc MLT courses:

  • Educational Technologies
  • Traditional Classroom Based Teaching
  • Project Based Learning
  • Guest Lectures
  • Workshop
  • Webinars
  • Group Discussion

BSc MLT Books

Apart from the BSc MLT subjects covered in the syllabus, students can refer to books by famous authors on topics related to medical laboratory technology to gain in-depth knowledge about the subjects. Listed below are some of the B.Sc MLT books:

Reference Books for BSc MLT Course


Topics Covered

Medical Laboratory Technology

Ramnik Sood

Clinical Immunology and Serology, Mathematics for the Clinical Laboratory,

Phlebotomy Essentials, etc.

Urinalysis and Body Fluids

Susan King Strasinger

Quality Assessment and Safety, Urine Specimen Types, Collection, and Preservation, Routine Urinalysis Physical Examination, etc.

Informatics for the Clinical Laboratory: A Practical Guide for the Pathologist

Daniel Cowan

Computer-Based Patient Records, Electronic Health Records, and Networked Healthcare Systems, etc.

BSc MLT Fee Structure


What are BSc MLT core subjects?

The BSc MLT course subjects include subjects such as Fundamentals of Medical Laboratory Technology, Human Anatomy, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Human Physiology, etc.

What are the passing marks for B.Sc MLT?

The candidate must secure atleast 35% marks in theory and practical examination individually in each subject.

Does pursuing a BSc in MLT make you a doctor?

No, a Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology is a professional undergraduate course for Medical Lab Technicians or paramedics.

Is BSc MLT hard or easy?

The course requires passion and hard work to learn the diagnostic techniques, Laboratory results, equipment, medical conditions, etc. The course is considered an easy one comparatively and is one of the best to get into the healthcare industry.

What is the focus of BSc MLT subjects in first year?

BSc MLT subjects first year focus on understanding of topics like anatomy and physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, hematology, and pathology.

Is there maths in BSc MLT?

No, the B.Sc MLT course curriculum does not include mathematics.

Is BSc MLT better than Nursing?

The BSc MLT course curriculum is only restricted to medical lab technology and diagnostic studies whereas BSc Nursing courses focus on all aspects of healthcare including patient care, medical procedures, assessment, diagnosis and management.

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