B.Arch is a course entirely dedicated to building, construction process, and its design involvement. The course consists of 5 years with ten semesters, each with a course plan that, put together, helps develop the thinking and logical skills and creative process of the aspirant, thus, finally evolving them into good architects, designers, or other professionals.

Important Facts for B. Arch Syllabus

The B.Arch programme is a five-year undergraduate programme. This course covers the theoretical and practical aspects of planning, designing, executing, and building physical structures using the necessary techniques and principles. Here are some key facts about the subject:

  • This is a five-year programme with ten semesters. Each semester, students are graded and credits are awarded for a set of subjects and projects.
  • Each year, new phases are introduced to help students develop the skills required to succeed in this highly competitive field.
  • Environmental issues, architectural graphics, geometric techniques, quality, pricing and cost estimation, building codes and regulations, structural theory, urban design, interior design, and housing are all covered in this course.
  • Depending on the subject and project, each semester consists of 26-30 credits. Students must achieve the minimum required score to pass this course. The grading system differs from one university to the next. 

Semester Wise Bachelor of Architecture Syllabus

The B.Arch course consists of core and elective subjects. The B.Arch course aims to ensure that the students have access to all the vital information they need. The course syllabus slightly differs according to the universities/colleges, but the main focus of the syllabus is standard- planning and designing. The subjects start from basics and go to an advanced stage with each semester. This helps in developing the students' logical thinking and creativity gradually.

The semester wise courses are as follows:

First Year Syllabus

Below is a table of the First-Year B.Arch Syllabus

B.Arch First Year Syllabus
Architectural Design I Architectural Design II
Visual Arts and Basic Design I Visual Arts and Basic Design II
Computer Applications I Computer Applications II
Building Construction I Building Construction II
Theory of Structures I Theory of Structures II
Environmental Studies Climate-responsive Design
Model making and Workshop Surveying and Leveling
Human Settl. & Vernacular Arch. History of Architecture I
Professional Communications I Sociology and Culture
- Professional Communications II

Second Year Syllabus

Below is Second Year B.Arch Syllabus

B.Arch Second Year Syllabus
Semester III Semester IV
Architectural Design III Architectural Design IV
Visual Arts and Basic Design III Visual Arts and Basic Design IV
Computer Applications III Computer Applications IV
Building and Construction III Building and Construction IV
Theory of Structures III Theory of Structures IV
Water, Waste, and Sanitation Electrification, Lighting & Acoustics
Site Planning and Landscape Studies Solar Active and Passive Systems
History of Architecture II History of Architecture III
Art and Architectural Appreciation I Art and Architectural Appreciation II
Research Elective I Research Elective II

Third Year Syllabus

Here is a table of the third-year B.Arch Syllabus

B.Arch Third Year Syllabus
Semester V Semester VI
Architectural Design V Architectural Design VI
Building Construction V Building Construction VI
Theory of Structures V Theory of Structure & Design II
HVAC. Mech. Mobility & Fire Safety Green Systems Integration
Energy System & Renewables Sustainable Urban Habitats
History of Architecture IV Specifications & Contracts
Design Methodology II Contemporary Architecture
Art and Architectural Appreciation III Architectural Theories
Arch. Research- Elective III Art & Architectural Appreciation IV
Arch. Research- Elective IV -

Fourth Year Syllabus

Below is a table for the fourth-year B.Arch syllabus:

B.Arch Fourth Year Syllabus
Semester VII Semester VIII
Architectural Design VII Practical Training
Working Drawings -
Project Management -
Architectural Appreciation IV -
Arch. Research Seminar -
Arch. Research- Elective V -
Arch. Research- Elective VI -

Fith Year Syllabus

Below is the fifth year B.Arch Syllabus:

B.Arch Fifth Year Syllabus
Semester IX Semester X
Architectural Design IX Architectural Design Thesis
Professional Practice Thesis Design Research
Urban Design Studies Professional Practice
Arch. Research Dissertation/ Art Thesis -
Arch. Research- Elective VII -
Arch. Research- Elective VIII -

Bachelor of Architecture Subjects

The subjects taught in the B.Arch course are mostly similar for all the colleges, but it varies depending on the institution's course module. But, the overall subjects are quite similar but put in a different order, depending on the teaching method. The subjects are all very important when making an architect who is good with creativity and design and even logical thinking and communication skills.

  • History of Architecture
  • Types of Structures
  • Design Applications
  • Building Construction
  • Building Science & Services
  • Architectural Design Studio
  • Computer & Software Lab
  • Interior Architecture & Space Programming
  • Workshop Practice

B.Arch Core Subjects

Common branch subjects include architectural drafting, art and design, building construction, and structural theory. These are covered throughout the course to provide a solid foundation for further study in various aspects of architectural research.

  • Visual Arts and Design
  • Building Construction
  • Theory of Structures
  • Theory of Structures
  • Building Science & Services
  • Architectural Design
  • Design Applications
  • History of Architecture

B.Arch Elective Subjects

The B.Arch syllabus is primarily based entirely on a choice-based totally system in which students select from a set range of optionally available topics primarily based entirely on their interests. Electives topics are primarily drawn from six fantastic streams as detailed below:

  • Humanities
    • Art Appreciation
    • Behavioural Studies 
    • Gender and Architecture
    • Architecture Photography Journalism
  • Technology
    • Facade Engineering
    • Tall Buildings
    • Modular Coordination
    • Earthquake-resistant buildings
    • Construction Mechanism
  • Environment
    • Environmental Impact Assessment
    • Solar Design
    • Renewable Energy Systems 
    • Energy Simulations
    •  Climate Change and Cities
  • Design
    • Urban Planning 
    • Hospital Design 
    • Campus Planning 
    • Interior Design 
    • Industrial Design
    •  Exhibition Design 
    • Theatre and Set Design 
  • Emerging Concerns 
    • Parametric Design 
    • Biomimicry in Design 
    • Smart Buildings 
    • Urban Resilience 
    • Disaster Risk Management
  • Professional Practice Management
    • Information Systems 
    • GIS Applications 
    • Architectural Entrepreneurship 
    • Design Outreach as Social Responsibility 

Detailed Syllabus for B. Arch

The B.Arch curriculum at various universities varies according to the semester schedule and other factors. The following are some of the most common subjects taught in most universities, divided into semesters.

Detailed Syllabus For B.Arch
Semester Core/Elective Subject Title Subject Details
1 Core Mathematics-I One of the simple and complex mathematical concepts presented in this subject are Derivatives, Harmonic Analysis, Fourier Transforms, and Gamma And Beta Functions.
    Architectural Graphics This topic covers fundamental concepts such as geometry, orthographic projections, planes, and solids in various positions.
2 Core Building Materials This course introduces the concepts of building material properties, classification, durability, and structural aspects through the testing of cement, stone, concrete, paint, and glass.
    History of Architecture The subject deals with the history and evolution of architecture.
    Theory of Structures The subject focuses on the introduction of forms of structure and their application in the process. 
3 Core Theory of Design In the subject, a historical narrative has drawn toward architectural theories in regards to concepts of structure, spatial systems, etc.
    Structural Design In the subject, the focus is on the concepts of methods of mixed designs, fundamentals and principles of simple pre-tensioned and post-tensioned beams, etc.
4 Core Building Construction II A more hands-on approach with an introduction to concepts of finishing, flooring, detailing, and escalating fabrication and erection techniques.
  Elective Water Supply and Sanitation As the name suggests the primary goal of the subject is to make students familiar with water supply techniques, plumbing systems, drainage facilities and wastewater management. 
5 Elective Architectural Acoustics The focus of the subject is mainly on basic concepts of architectural acoustics, construction details and sound behaviour in closed spaces.
  Core Environmental Studies for Architecture Architecture also focuses on the environmental aspect, the impact of raw materials, deforestation and many other topics concerning the environment.
6 Core Estimation, Costing and Valuation In the subject, the concepts of quantity surveying and abstract are focused on equal importance to detailed estimates of building work, and valuation and cost analysis principles.
    Interior Design In this part, students are taught the aesthetics of the interior, spaces and sound of the environment. The focus of the course is the ambience of the interior. 
7 Core Landscape Architecture The course also focuses on the landscape of the area and the garden aesthetics of an area. It touches on the element of landscaping, design process and patterns.
    Housing The prime matter of the subject is to deal with housing problems in India and the policies derived to combat the problem.
8 Core Computer Application in Architecture The main topic of discussion is the use of computer-aided architecture applications and their rationale.
    Architectural Design and Field tour Urban-scale design development is considered from socioeconomic, environmental, and behavioural perspectives in the field of study. 

Specialisations offered in B. Arch

B.Arch is a subject that requires good drawing, writing, and exploration skills on a given topic based on the needs of the client. The primary goal of the subject is to provide students with knowledge of identifying, analysing, and solving problems, as well as architectural presentation skills.

Specialisations Offered in B.Arch
Specialisation Subjects Subject Details
Design Architectural Designing, Visual Arts and Basic Design Other simple and complex subjects include design principles, spatial clarity, drawing visualisation of basic structures, and 2D graphic design, to serve as a central means of communication in architecture. I'll go over a few methods.
Technology Theory of Structures, Electrification, Lighting and Acoustical Design These courses cover architectural design theories such as structural, electrification, lighting, and acoustics.
Humanities Art and Architecture Appreciation, Urban Design Studies These topics introduce the fundamental concepts of city design, knowledge of the city, and resolving issues related to building interfaces. These topics also include appreciation for structure, colour, new designs, and so on.
Environment/Sustainability Wastewater Management, Climate-Responsive Design These themes highlight various aspects of climate and how architecture responds to changing climatic conditions. It also teaches students about building bioclimate design, drainage and water supply codes and standards, and building installation design considerations.

Bachelor of Architecture Course Structure

The B.Arch course is designed to enable learning space management for maximum utility and architectural planning and design. This field has very little use of core mathematics. The course involves subjects which include aspects like

  • Design
  • Software
  • History/Tradition
  • Structures
  • Environmental Science/ Connections/Supply

Bachelor of Architecture Teaching Methodology and Techniques

Teaching and learning strategies have different implications for courses, which occasionally result in overloading. The teaching methods include assigning tasks or study aspects and designing communication techniques. The teaching involves a creative way, where instead of a book or a scheduled teaching method, it happens gradually along with a learning process. As the course involves workshops and seminars, it thus even includes a hands-on learning technique, thus making the student equally involved in the process. When the course ends, the student would be a professional with experience from the entire course.

Bachelor of Architecture Projects

The Bachelor in Architectural Studies aims to teach young, ambitious individuals to build the proper skill set to become professionals capable of facing real-world challenges. Thus, the course module includes internships, seminars, and projects. The projects are of two types. One is the prolonged project taken for the entire semester. The other one is a time problem that has to be completed in a specific duration of time. This makes them capable of time management, getting involved in the project, and getting the required knowledge. A few famous projects are:

  • Mount Lico for a life that adapts to extreme conditions in Aknar, Tamanrasset by Touahri Meriem
  • The Idea Market - Creative Trading Hub in Port Fuad, Egypt by Ahmed Samy
  • A villa in a cave designed by Alessandro Pagliuca

Bachelor of Architecture Reference Books

B.Arch course is the one meant for the specialization in the field of architecture. The topics taught in the course module are very much enough. But, to get a deep or in-depth knowledge, there are certain books published by the architect-authors, who have opened up about their thought process, and thus helps in being more creative and involve more aspects in the design and logical thinking, thus helping the aspirants become perfect architects or designers.

B.Arch Reference Books
Name Author
101 Things I Learned in Architecture School Matthew Frederick
Architecture: Form, Space, & Order Francis D.K. Ching
A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction Christopher Alexander, Sara Ishikawa
Yes is More. An Archicomic on Architectural Evolution Bjarke Ingels
Bjarke Ingels Rem Koolhaas

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