BA LLB Subjects and Syllabus

Duration: 5 Years
Avg Fees: INR 3,000 - 4,50,000 Per Year.
Ayesha Taneem
Ayesha Taneem

Updated on - Mar 13, 2024

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The BA LLB syllabus is a mix of Arts and Law subjects like the Law of Contract, Legal Method, General Principles of Political Science, Cyberlaw, Environmental Law, and Human Rights. The BA LLB subjects are spread over five years broken into ten semesters with internships, project work, and mock court sessions. 

The core BA LLB subjects include Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Contracts, Law of Torts, Sociology, Tax Law, Family Law, History, etc. Moreover, the students can also choose elective subjects such as Alternative Dispute Resolution, Banking and Finance Law, Media and Entertainment Law, Health Law, etc. 

The BA LLB course emphasizes teaching students skills related to criminal law, family law, advocacy, and other areas, so they work as legal managers, attorneys, lawyers, general counsels, and advisors.

Table of Contents

BA LLB Subjects - Core and Electives

BA LLB course subjects list include two kinds of subjects: core and elective subjects. The core subjects in the BA LLB syllabus include Legal Method, Law of Contract, General Principles of Political Science, General Principles of Economics etc. Moreover, they also focus on elective subjects like Cyberlaw, Environmental Law, Human Rights, etc.

The electives offered to candidates are based on their interests, scope, and career goals. Given below are the core and elective subjects in BA LLB:

Core BA LLB Subjects

The foundational subjects of BA LLB give students a solid understanding of many aspects of the arts and law. Tabulated below are the core BA LLB subjects and the topics covered:

Core BA LLB Subjects Topic Covered
Legal Method Introduction to Legal Method, Sources of Law, Basic Concepts of Indian Legal System, Legal Writing and Research 
Law of Contract Formation of Contract, Consideration and Capacity,  Validity, Discharge and Performance of Contract, Remedies and Quasi Contracts  
General Principles of Political Science Nature and Significance of Political Theory, Power and Authority, Citizenship, Rights and Liberty, Equality and Justice, Democracy Development and Welfare State, Theories of Social Change
General Principles of Economics Economics as a Science and its relevance to Law, Methods, Nature and Scope, Thoughts, Free Enterprise, Planned Economics and Mixed Economics, General Principles of Economics, International Comparisons of Developmental, Strategies and Experiences Theories of Economic Growth and Problems of Development, Control of Monopolies and Prevention of Economic Concentration
General Principles of Sociology Fundamentals of Sociology, Basic Concepts in Sociology, Sociological Theories, Social Institution, Social Inequality, Social Control, Social Change
Law of Torts General Principles, General Defenses, Parties and their capacity,  Masters and Servants, Joint Tortfeasors,  Remedies, Remoteness of Damage - Novus Actus Interventions, Successive actions on the same facts - Effect of Merger and Death, Specific Torts, Discharge of Torts
Sociology Meaning and Definitions of Sociology, Nature, importance, and Scope of Sociology, Sociology & its Relationship to other Disciplines, Relevance of Sociology in the Study of Law
Tax Law Introduction to Income Tax,  Agricultural Income, Residence and Scope of Total Income,  Heads of Income
History Early Developments, Evolution of Law and Legal Institutions: Constitutional Developments and Framing of Indian Constitution, Modern and Contemporary India, 
Family Law Meaning and definition of Hindu, Hindu Philosophy, Sources of Hindu Law, Marriage and Divorce, Family courts, Hindu Succession, Maintenance, Guardianship

BA LLB Elective Subjects

BA LLB elective subjects are optional subjects that students can select based on their fields of interest, making the course more flexible and learner-centered. Listed below are some of the BA LLB elective subjects and the topics covered:

BA LLB Elective Subjects Topics Covered
Cyber law Legal Writing and Research, Private and Public International Law, Transnational Laws, Laws on Banking and Insurance Jurisprudence
Environmental Law Corporate Law, Intellectual Property Law [IPR]
Human Rights Criminal Law, Constitutional Law, Legal Philosophy, Contracts, Legal, Psychology, Maritime Law Agricultural and Food Regulations
Political Science Energy and Land Laws, Poverty and Development
Alternative Dispute Resolution Evolution of ADR, ADR in India, Advantages & disadvantages of ADR, ADR Processes PretialMediation, Mediation, Negotiation, Conciliation, ADR in family disputes, Conciliation under CPC, 
Banking and Finance Law Overview of Banking System, Regulatory Framework and Compliances,  Legal Aspects of Banking Operations, Banking and Finance Related Laws
Competition Law Introduction and Development of Competition Law,  Important Definitions, anti-competitive agreements, Regulation of Abuse of Dominant Position
Media and Entertainment Law Evolution of Media, Media and Pre-Independence, Television: Incarnation Of New Media, Digital Era
Health Law Introduction to Health Care Law, Global Health Care Protection, Clinical Investigation Laws, Medical Negligence and Malpractices, Remedies for Medical Negligence

Semester Wise BA LLB Syllabus and Subjects

The BA LLB syllabus combines law with several topics, including administrative law, sociology, law & economics, and political & constitutional law. There are mock sessions, internships, and dissertation submissions in the course's final year. Here is the BA LLB syllabus semester-wise; the BA LLB 1st semester syllabus is given below:

First-Year BA LLB Syllabus

BA LLB 1st year syllabus focuses on topics such as Legal Method, Law of Torts and Consumer Protection, General Principles of Economics, etc. Listed below are the BA LLB subjects 1st year including BA LLB 1st sem and BA LLB  2nd sem syllabus: 

Semester Ⅰ Semester Ⅱ
Legal Method Law of Contract -II
Law of Contract-I Law of Torts and Consumer Protection
General Principles of Political Science Political & Constitutional History of India
General Principles of Economics Sociology-II
Sociology-I Indian Economy
Law of Contract Legal Language and Legal Writing
Law of Torts including Consumer protection laws and M.V. Accident Law and Society

Second Year BA LLB Syllabus

BA LLB 2nd year syllabus focuses on topics such as Family Law-I,  Constitutional Law-II, Law & Economics, Sociological Thought, etc. The BA LLB 3rd semester syllabus and BA LLB 4th semester syllabus is given below:

Semester Ⅲ Semester Ⅳ
Family Law-I Family Law-II
Constitutional Law-I Constitutional Law-II
International Relations Political Thought (Indian and Western)
Law & Economics History of Courts 
Legal Method  Logic & Scientific Method
Institutional Economics Sociological Thought
Case Study and Report Writing Environmental Law

Third Year BA LLB Syllabus

BA LLB 3rd year syllabus focuses on topics such as Law of Evidence, Company Law, International Law, Indian Public Administration, Law of Property,etc. The BA LLB 5th sem syllabus and BA LLB 6th semester syllabus is given below:

Semester Ⅴ Semester Ⅵ
Law of Evidence Company Law
Corporate Law International Law
Indian Public Administration Property Law
Law of Property Family Law – II 
Women & Law (Elective) Professional Ethics, Bar Bench Relations and Accounts for Lawyers 
Criminology & Penology (Elective) Indian Economy
Professional Ethics & Professional Accounting System Interpretation of Statutes

Fourth Year BA LLB Syllabus

BA LLB 4th year syllabus focuses on topics such as Labour Law-I,  Drafting, Pleading & Conveyance, International Criminal Law, etc. Listed below are the BA LLB subjects 4th year: 

Semester Ⅶ Semester Ⅷ
Labour Law-I Land Laws
Tax Law Labour Law-II
Banking Law Drafting, Pleading & Conveyance  
Administrative Law Gender justice & Feminist jurisprudence (Elective)
Arbitration, Conciliation & Alternate Dispute Resolution System  International Criminal Law (Elective)
Cyber law (Elective) Comprehensive Viva

Fifth Year BA LLB Syllabus

BA LLB 5th year syllabus focuses on topics such as Legal Ethics and Court Crafts, Law and Disability, Drafting, Pleading and Conveyancing,etc. Below is a fifth-year syllabus of BA LLB:

Semester Ⅸ Semester Ⅹ
Legal Ethics and Court Crafts Law and Disability
Drafting, Pleading and Conveyancing Offenses Against Child & Juvenile Offence (Elective)
Criminal Procedure Code Moot Court Exercise and Internship
IPR (Elective) Criminology & Penology
Competition Law (ELective) Moot Courts/ General Debats
Public Interest Litigation & Legal Aid Service Project Work/ Dissertations

College-Wise BA LLB Syllabus

The BA LLB syllabus differs for each institution, but the subjects and ideas remain the same. Students can obtain the BA LLB syllabus PDF from the college's official website to gain a better grasp of the subjects offered by a particular institution. The following are the BA LLB syllabus from top colleges in India:

National Law University, Delhi  BA LLB Syllabus

The BA LLB syllabus in National Law University focuses on subjects such as Legal Method, Law of Torts, Political Science, Family Law, Sociology, International Law, etc. 

Tabulated below is the semester-wise BA LLB syllabus at National Law University:

Semester-I Semester-II
Legal Method Law of Contract –I
Law of Torts Law of Torts –II
Political Science-I English-II
English-I Political Science-II
Semester-III Semester-IV
Family Law-I Constitutional Law-I
Sociology-II Jurisprudence-I
Law of Contract –II CPC & Law of Limitation
Family Law-II Administrative Law
Semester-V Semester-VI
Constitutional Law-I International Law
Jurisprudence-I Jurisprudence-II
. Administrative Law Clinic –I (ADR)
CPC & Law of Limitation Labour Laws
Semester-VII Semester-VIII
Corporate Law-I Corporate Law-II
Environmental Law Cyber Laws
Intellectual Property Rights Law Taxation Laws
Banking Law & NegotiableInstruments -
Semester-IX Semester-X
International Trade Law Law of Insurance
Clinic-III Human Rights, InternationalHumanitarian & Refugee Law
Judicial Process & Interpretation ofStatutes -

Nalsar University of Law BA LLB Syllabus

The BA LLB syllabus in Nalsar University of Law focuses on equipping the students with knowledge and understanding related to various subjects such as Micro Economics, Macro Economics, Indian Economy, etc.

Given below is the semester-wise BA LLB syllabus at Nalsar University of Law:

Semester-I Semester-II
Legal Method Law of Contract –I
Law of Torts Criminal Law
Political Science-I/ Sociology-I  Family Law
History-I / Economics-I History-I /Economics-I 
Moot Clinic Political Science-I / Sociology-I
Semester-III Semester-IV
Law of Contracts – II Law & Poverty 
Criminal Law – II Political Science / Sociology
Family Law – II History/Economics
History/Economics English – II 
Political Science / Sociology -
Property Law  
Semester-V Semester-VI
Law of Evidence Company Law
Constitutional Law-I  Constitutional Law-II
Civil Procedure Code and Law of limitation Administrative Law
International Law Taxation
Social Sc. Seminar Social Sc. Seminar
Semester-VII Semester-VIII
Intellectual Property Law 5 Labour Law-I 
ADR Clinic Drafting, Pleadings & Conveyance Clinic
Elective Course Elective Course
Seminar Course Elective Course
Social Sc. Seminar Seminar Course
Semester-IX Semester-X
Labour Law-II Environment Law 
Ethics & Accountancy Clinic Elective Course
Elective Course Elective Course
Elective Course Elective Course
Seminar Course Seminar Course

BA LLB Course Structure

BA LLB syllabus focuses on building holistic learning of law. The course structure comprises case studies, court rulings, documents, and paper extracts. In short, the course structure includes the following:

  • Projects
  • Research Papers
  • Surveys
  • Seminars
  • Practicals
  • Thesis Writing
  • Dissertation

BA LLB Teaching Methodology and Techniques

The BA LLB syllabus teaching methodology is groundbreaking since it uses a dialectic style of mooting and debate. It encourages the growth of legal expertise and skill. In short, the teaching techniques are:

  • Moot Courts
  • Dissertation
  • Group Debates
  • Case Studies
  • Lectures
  • Field trips
  • Practical Learnings
  • Problem-based
  • Projects
  • E-learning

BA LLB Projects

Candidates must complete BA LLB projects in family law, economics, political science, and tax law. The following subjects are some of the most popular ones for a project in this area:

  • To what extent should judges be able to make decisions on political grounds? A Feminist Treatise on Political Decisions in the Judiciary
  • How has the decision of Harrison V Gibson changed the law on the certainty of intention?
  • Does Rawls provide a model of the law that successfully balances individual wants and the needs of the greater good?
  • Is there a place for Morality in the Rule of Law?

BA LLB Reference Books

The best books for BA LLB guide the students to grasp all of the concepts and topics covered in the course syllabus. The BA LLB books broaden their knowledge and vision of the various topics presented in their studies. Listed below are some popular reference books for the BA LLB syllabus:

Books Topics Covered Authors
Learning the Law  Crimes and civil wrongs, Appeals to the Supreme Court, Courts with criminal jurisdiction, The classification of Offenses Glanville Williams
Introduction to the Constitution of India Nature of the Constitution, The philosophy of the Constitution,  The Union Executive, The Union Legislature,  D.D Basu
Organizational Behaviour What Is Organizational Behavior?, Responding to Global and Cultural Diversity, Foundations of Individual Behavior, Perception and Individual Decision Making Stephens P. Robbins
Introduction to Law and Legal Language The Legal Concept of Law, Basic Philosophical Conceptions of Law, Validity and legitimacy of law, The norm from the linguistic point of view Stefania Kolarz Emilia Kopeć
An Introduction to Sociology Basics Of Sociology, Socialization, Social Process, Culture Personalization and Society Bhushan V


Is BA LLB a difficult course?

Yes, it is a course that is challenging as it is a combination of two disciplines: arts and law.

How many subjects are there in BA LLB 1st year?

Each semester contains six subjects, with the exception of semesters nine and ten, which each include only five.

Is BA LLB helpful for UPSC?

Yes, the course covers a wide range of topics that aids in the study of UPSC examination.

Are internships mandatory in a BA LLB program?

Yes, the law graduates in India must complete internships, as mandated by the Bar Council of India and the National Education Policy of 2020.

What is the importance of moot court sessions in BA LLB?

Moot courts are important for law students because they provide legal skills, courtroom experience, and opportunity to improve research, oral advocacy, and writing ability.

How is the BA LLB syllabus structured over the five years?

The program is typically divided into foundational subjects in the initial years, followed by more specialized and elective subjects in the later years. The structure aims to provide a comprehensive legal education.

How are assessments conducted in BA LLB subjects?

Assessments can include a mix of written examinations, research projects, presentations, and moot court exercises. The evaluation methods can vary depending on the nature of the subject.

Can I specialize in a specific area of law during BA LLB?

Yes, BA LLB allows students to concentrate in a certain area of law right from their undergraduate level such as cyber law, intellectual property law, alternative dispute resolution, etc