The GATE syllabus for ECE 2023 has been released by IIT Kanpur on the official website. Understanding the ECE syllabus will help candidates focus on the important topics and concepts and enable them to crack the paper with flying colours. Here we have provided the detailed ECE syllabus for GATE 2023 along with the downloadable PDF link for students' convenience.
Table of Contents
GATE 2023 Syllabus for ECE
Candidates seeking admission to ECE (Electronics & Communication Engineering) through GATE must be aware of the syllabus, for it consists of sectionwise topics. It is advisable to have a thorough knowledge of the subject before preparing for the exam. Displayed below in a tabulated form is the GATE syllabus for ECE 2023:
GATE Syllabus for ECE 2023
Section 
Topics 
Subtopics 
1

Engineering Mathematics

 Linear Algebra: Vector space, basis, linear dependence and independence, matrix algebra, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, rank, solution of linear equations existence and uniqueness.
 Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, line, surface and volume integrals, Taylor series.
 Differential Equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, methods of solution using variation of parameters, complementary function and particular integral, partial differential equations, variable separable method, initial and boundary value problems.
 Vector Analysis: Vectors in plane and space, vector operations, gradient, divergence and curl, Gauss's, Green's and Stokes’ theorems.
 Complex Analysis: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, sequences, series, convergence tests, Taylor and Laurent series, residue theorem.
 Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode, standard deviation, combinatorial probability, probability distributions, binomial distribution, Poisson distribution, exponential distribution, normal distribution, joint and conditional probability.

2

Networks, Signals and Systems

 Circuit analysis: Node and mesh analysis, superposition, Thevenin's theorem, Norton’s theorem, reciprocity. Sinusoidal steadystate analysis: phasors, complex power, maximum power transfer.
 Time and frequency domain analysis of linear circuits: RL, RC and RLC circuits, solution of network equations using Laplace transform.
 Linear 2port network parameters, wyedelta transformation.
 Continuoustime signals: Fourier series and Fourier transform, sampling theorem and applications.
 Discretetime signals: DTFT, DFT, ztransform, discretetime processing of continuoustime signals. LTI systems: definition and properties, causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeroes, frequency response, group delay, phase delay.

3

Electronic Devices

 Energy bands in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, equilibrium carrier concentration, direct and indirect bandgap semiconductors.
 Carrier transport: diffusion current, drift current, mobility and resistivity, generation and recombination of carriers, Poisson and continuity equations.
 PN junction, Zener diode, BJT, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, photo diode and solar cell.

4

Analog Circuits

 Diode circuits: clipping, clamping and rectifiers.
 BJT and MOSFET amplifiers: biasing, ac coupling, small signal analysis, frequency response. Current mirrors and differential amplifiers.

5

Digital Circuits

 Number representations: binary, integer and floatingpoint numbers.
 Combinatorial circuits: Boolean algebra, minimisation of functions using Boolean identities and Karnaugh map, logic gates and their static CMOS implementations, arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders.
 Sequential circuits: latches and flipflops, counters, shiftregisters, finite state machines, propagation delay, setup and hold time, critical path delay.
 Data converters: sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs.
 Semiconductor memories: ROM, SRAM, DRAM.
 Computer organisation: Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU, datapath and control unit, instruction pipelining.

6

Control Systems

 Basic control system components; Feedback principle; Transfer function; Block diagram representation; Signal flow graph; Transient and steadystate analysis of LTI systems; Frequency response; RouthHurwitz and Nyquist stability criteria; Bode and rootlocus plots; Lag, lead and laglead compensation; State variable model and solution of state equation of LTI systems.

7

Communications

 Random processes: autocorrelation and power spectral density, properties of white noise, filtering of random signals through LTI systems.
 Analog communications: amplitude modulation and demodulation, angle modulation and demodulation, spectra of AM and FM, superheterodyne receivers.
 Information theory: entropy, mutual information and channel capacity theorem.
 Digital communications: PCM, DPCM, digital modulation schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK, QAM), bandwidth, intersymbol interference, MAP, ML detection, matched filter receiver, SNR and BER.
 Fundamentals of error correction, Hamming codes, CRC.

8

Electromagnetics

 Maxwell's equations: differential and integral forms and their interpretation, boundary conditions, wave equation, Poynting vector.
 Plane waves and properties: reflection and refraction, polarisation, phase and group velocity, propagation through various media, skin depth.
 Transmission lines: equations, characteristic impedance, impedance matching, impedance transformation, S parameters, Smith chart.
 Rectangular and circular waveguides, light propagation in optical fibers, dipole and monopole antennas, linear antenna arrays.

Click Here: GATE Syllabus for ECE 2023 PDF
GATE 2023 Exam Pattern
All candidates need to know the GATE exam pattern for 2023. There will be questions involved from the GATE syllabus for ECE 2023. In case of an incorrect answer, there will be a deduction of marks. Check out the detailed exam pattern of GATE 2023 below:
GATE 2023 Exam Pattern
Particulars 
Details 
Exam Mode 
Online 
Total Marks 
100 
Total Questions 
65 
Type of Questions 
 MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions)
 Multiple Select Questions (MSQ)
 NAT (Numerical Answer Type)

Answering Medium 
English 
Marking Scheme 
Questions carry 1 mark and 2 marks 
Negative Marking 
 For a wrong answer chosen in an MCQ, there will be a negative marking.
 For 1 mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.
 For 2 mark MCQ, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.
 No negative marking for MSQ & NAT.

GATE ECE Syllabus SectionWise Weightage
The question of marks distribution is always worrisome; therefore, here we have provided you with the previous years' GATE subjectwise weightage distribution for your reference. This will further help you to acquire an awareness of the detailed GATE syllabus for ECE in each section.
GATE ECE Syllabus Sectionwise Weightage
Section 
The weightage (Marks) 2021 
The weightage (Marks) 2020 
The weightage (Marks) 2019 
The weightage (Marks) 2018 
Analog Circuits 
7 
10 
12 
10 
Communications 
13 
11 
12 
10 
Control Systems 
5 
12 
11 
10 
Digital Circuits 
9 
9 
8 
12 
Electromagnetic 
9 
9 
14 
13 
Electronic Devices 
6 
12 
14 
14 
Engineering Mathematics 
13 
15 
15 
15 
Networks, Signals & Systems 
12+10 
6+6 
6+8 
9+7 
Read More: GATE 2023 Syllabus
GATE Syllabus for ECE 2023: Best Preparation Books
There are several books in the market, and a candidate can't possibly read through all. To make the process simpler and easy, we have provided you with the list of books that covers the GATE syllabus for ECE 2023, along with the author's name. These books can add value to your knowledge and help in enhancing the GATE preparation for ECE.
GATE Study Material for ECE
Books 
Authors 
Higher Engineering Mathematics 
Dr B.S. Grewal 
Network Theory 
Alexander Sadiku 
Integrated Electronics 
Jacob Millman & Christos C. Halkias 
Signals & Systems 
Alan V. Oppenheim 
Automatic Control Systems 
Benjamin C. Kuo 
Analog and Digital Communication System 
Simon Haykin 
Elements of Electromagnetics 
Matthew N.O. Sadiku 
Semiconductor devices 
David Neamen 
Read More: GATE 2023 Books
Q. Where do I find the study materials for the GATE exam?
A: There are several coaching centres that provide study materials at a cost. You can refer to the books mentioned in the article too.
Q. Which subject should I begin with to prepare for my GATE exam?
A: You can start with the easiest subject, like general aptitude, as it helps you build confidence, and then you can slowly move on to the tougher subjects like mathematics and ECE.
Q. What is the approximate time taken to finish the syllabus if I selfstudy?
A: It depends on the candidate's capabilities, like basic knowledge of subjects, aptitude, concentration level, and most importantly, the hard work they put into ace the examination.
Q. How to start GATE preparation for ECE?
A. Start the preparation by analysing the GATE 2023 syllabus for ECE. Then proceed to take help from the GATE study material for ECE listed in the article above.
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