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HP Board Syllabus 2021

HPBOSE will reduce the syllabus from class 9th to 12th courses for the academic session 2020-21 due to the academic loss incurred due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The board will decide on the syllabus concerning the HPBOSE class 10th syllabus published on the official website. Get the essential information on syllabus/topics for each subject in class 10th and 12th here. The updated syllabus will help the candidates for board examination preparation.

How to Download HP 10th Syllabus 2021

The step by step procedure to download HPBOSE 10th syllabus 2021 is given here.

Step 1: Visit the HP board's official portal -

Step 2: Click on the "Downloads" section at the top of the homepage.

HP 10th Syllabus 2021

Step 3: Candidates are required to click on the "Syllabus" option under the "Downloads" section.

HPBOSE 10th Syllabus 2021

Step 4: Click on the "Syllabus for matric class" options on the syllabus page.

HPBOSE 10th Syllabus 2021 .a

Step 5: A new window pops up with syllabus PDF, download, and saves the PDF for future reference.

How to Download HP 12th Syllabus 2021?

Step 1: Visit the official website of the HP board-

Step 2: Click on the "Downloads" option and then select "Syllabus" in the primary menu of the home page.

HP Class 12th Syllabus 2021

Step 3: On the syllabus page, click on the "Plus Two Syllabus" option to download the syllabus in PDF format.

HPBOSE 12th Syllabus 2021

Step 4: Download and save the HPBOSE 12th syllabus 2021 for further reference. 

HP 12th Syllabus 2021 PDF Download


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HP 12th Syllabus 2021

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HPBOSE 10th Syllabus 2021 Highlights

HPBOSE 10th Syllabus 2021 Highlight

Board Name

Himachal Pradesh Board of Secondary Education


 HBOSE 10th Syllabus 2021

Exam Date

 13th April 2021

Result Date 

June (Tentative)


HPBOSE 12th Syllabus 2021 Highlights

HPBOSE 12th Syllabus 2021 Highlight

Board Name

Himachal Pradesh Board of Secondary Education


 HBOSE 12th Syllabus 2021

Exam Date

13th April 2021

Result Date

June (Tentative)


HP Board 10th Science & Technology Syllabus

HP Board 10th Syllabus Science & Technology
Part 1: Chemical Substances
  • Nature and Behaviour

    Acids, bases, and salts: General properties, examples, and uses. Chemical reactions: Types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation, and reduction in terms of gain and loss of oxygen and hydrogen. Metals and non-metals: Brief discussion of basic metallurgical processes. Properties of common metals. The elementary idea about bonding.

Part 2 Carbon Compounds Carbon compounds, an elementary idea about bonding. Saturated hydrocarbons, alcohols, carboxylic acids (no preparation, only properties). Some important chemical compounds: Soap-cleansing action of soap. Periodic classification of elements: Gradations in properties: Mendeleev periodic table.
Part 3: Our environment

Our environment: Environmental problems, their solutions. Biodegradable, non-biodegradable, ozone depletion. Life Processes: ''living" things; the Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport, and excretion in plants and animals. Control and Coordination in plants and animals: Tropic movements in plants; Introduction to plant hormones; control and co-ordination in animals; voluntary, involuntary and reflex action, nervous system; chemical coordination: animal hormones.Reproduction:

  • Reproduction in plants and animals. Need for and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV /AIDS. Childbearing and women's health.Heredity and evolution: Heredity; Origin of life: brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution.
Part 3: Effects of Current
  • Potential, Potential difference, Ohm's law; Series combination of resistors, the parallel combination of resistors; Power dissipation due to current; Interrelation between P, V. I and R.

    Magnets: Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current-carrying wire, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on the current-carrying conductor, Fleming's left-hand rule. Electromagnetic induction. The induced potential difference, Induced current. Direct current. Alternating current; frequency of AC. The advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.

Part 4: Convergence and divergence of light.  
  • . Images formed by a concave mirror; related concepts; a center of curvature; principal axis. Optic center, focus, focal length. 

    Refraction: laws of refraction.

    An image formed by a convex lens; Functioning of a lens in the human eye; problems of vision and remedies. Applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.

    Appreciations of a concept of refraction; the velocity of light: refractive index. a twinkling of stars; dispersion of light. Scattering of light.

Part 5: Conservation of natural resources
  • Management of natural resources. Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wildlife, coal, and petroleum conservation. People's participation. Chipko movement. Legal perspectives in conservation and international scenario.

    The Regional environment: Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.

    Sources of energy: Different forms of energy, leading to different sources for human use: fossil fuels, solar energy, biogas, wind, water, and tidal energy; nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources.


1. To find the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator.

(i) Dilute Hydrochloric acid

(ii) Dilute NaOH solution

(iii) Dilute Ethanoic acid solution

(iv) Lemon juice

(v) Water

(vi) Dilute Sodium Bicarbonate Solution

2. To study the properties of acids and bases HCI & NaOH by their reaction with

(i) Litmus solution (Blue/Red)

(ii) Zinc metal

(iii) Solid Sodium Carbonate

3. To determine the focal length of

(a) Concave mirror

(b) Convex lens by obtaining the image of a distant object.

4. To trace the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, an angle of refraction, an angle of emergence, and interpret the result.

5. To study the dependence of current (1) on the potential difference (V) across a resistor and determine its resistance. Also, plot a graph between V and me.

6. To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series.

7. To determine the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in parallel.

8. To prepare a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.

9. To show experimentally that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.

10. To study (a) binary fission in Amoeba and (b) budding in yeast with the help of prepared slides.

11. To determine the percentage of water absorbed by raisins.

12. To prepare So2 gas, observe its following properties and draw inferences in respect of

(i) odor

(ii) solubility in water

(iii) effect on litmus paper

(iv) action on acidified potassium dichromate solution.

13. (a) To observe the action of Zn, Fe, Cu, and AI metals on the following salt solutions.

(i) ZnSO4 (aq.)

(ii) FeSO4 (aq.)

(iii) CuSo4 (aq.)

(iv) Al2 (SO4)3 (aq.)

(b) Arrange Zn, Fe, Cu, and Al metals in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.

14. To study the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid).

(i) odor

(ii) solubility in water

(iii) effect on litmus

(iv) reaction with sodium bicarbonate.

HP Board 10th English Syllabus




Section-A: Reading


Two unseen passages of a total of 500 words with a variety of questions including 4 marks for vocabulary.

 Only prose passages will be used.

 One will be factual and the other will be literary.

 1. Passage 1-200 words (7 marks)- Four or five comprehension questions

 2. Passage 2 - 300 words (10 marks)- Four or five comprehension questions and two questions on vocabulary Marks for vocabulary does not exceed 4 marks.


17 marks/30 periods

Section-B: Writing

3. Letter Writing-One letter based on provided verbal stimulus and context. (6 marks)Types of the letter: Informal: Personal such as family and friends Formal: Letter of complaints, inquiry, requests, applications.

4. Writing a short paragraph on a given outline/ topic in about 60 words. (4 marks)

5. Composition: A short writing task based on a verbal and/or visual stimulus. (diagram, picture, graph, map, chart, table, flowchart, etc.) (6 marks)


16 marks

Section-C: Grammar

Question No. 6-11

A variety of short questions involving the use of particular structures within a context. Text types used include cloze, gap-filling, sentence completion,sentence-reordering, dialogue-completion, and sentence transformation (including combining sentences).

The Grammar syllabus will include the following areas for teaching :

1. Use of non- finite.

2. Sentence connectors: as since, while, then, just because, just, unit.

3. Clauses with what, where, and how.

4. Past Tense.

5. Modals: can, could, may, must, might.


15 marks

Section-D: Text Books

Question12 & 13

 Two extracts from different prose lessons included in Textbook (Approximately 100 words each) (5x2=10 marks)

 These extracts chosen from different lessons will be literary and discursive.

Each extract will be of 5 marks. One mark in each extract will be for vocabulary. 4 marks in each passage will be used for testing local and global comprehension besides a question on interpretation.

 14. One out o two questions extrapolative in nature based on any one of the prose lessons from Textbook to be answered in about 80 words (05 marks)


15. One out of two questions on Drama Text (local and global comprehension question) (30-40 words) (3 marks)


Poetry (8 marks)

 16. One extract from a poem from the prescribed reader followed by two or three questions to test the local and global comprehension of the set text. The extract will carry three marks. (3 marks)

 17. Two out of three short answer type questions on the interpretation of themes and ideas contained in the poems to be answered in 30-40 words each. (5 marks)


Supplementary Reader

 18. One out of two questions from Supplementary Reader to interpret, evaluate, and analyze character, plot, or situations occurring in the lessons to be answered in about 100 words. (5 marks)

 19. One out of two short answer type questions of interpretative and evaluative nature based on lessons to be answered in 30-40 words. (4 marks)

 20. One out of two short answer type questions based on factual aspects of the lessons to be answered in 20-30 words. (2 marks)



HP Board 10th Health Education and Physics Syllabus

HP Board 10th Syllabus Health Education and Physics
1. Athletics
  • (a) Running Events - Sprints (including hurdles) and middle and long-distance events Emphasis is to be laid to correct starting and finishing techniques, running action including foot plantation and body carriage.

    (b) Jumping Events-Consolidation of a shot put and discus throw techniques and an introduction of fundamentals of javelin and hammer throw.

    (c) Participation in exercise schedules for improving different motor components namely speed, strength, endurance, flexibility, and coordinative abilities.

    Note:-(i) At this stage the student has to aim for his performance attainment and hence he should select one event for specialization. More than one event be chosen only if a logical relationship exists between them.

             (ii) Introduction of basic rules related to the events.

2. Gymnastics
  • Boys

    (a) Repetition of previously learned skills.

    (b) Skills (floor Exercises)

         Head Spring

        Round of

    (c) Vaulting Horse

        Straddle vault on broad horse

        Handspring on a broad horse.

        Take off and sitting on the long horse

        Straddle from the standing position on a long horse

    (d) Parallel Bars.

        Different kinds of mounts and dismounts

        One bar roll

        Shoulder stand

        'L' position hold

    (e) Horizontal Bar

        Different types of grips

        Back turn over

        One leg circle forward

        Simple swing

    B. Girls

    (a) Repetition of skills learned in the previous class.

    (b) Skills (Floor exercises)

        One hand cartwheel

        Round off

    (c) Balancing Beam

        Dancing movements

        Running movements

        Fount roll and back roll

        Different balances

    (d) Vaulting Horse

        Straddle vault on broad horse

        Wolf vault (side vault)

        Cat spring and jump on a long horse.


 3. Yoga
  • Dhanurasana






    Supt-pawan Muktasana





    Surya Namaskar.

4. Major Games (Any two to be chosen from the following)
  • (a) Cricket

    (b) Football

    (c) Hockey

    (d) Basketball

    (e) Volleyball

    (f) Handball

    (g) Kho-Kho

    (h) Kabaddi

    (i) Table Tennis

    (j) Badminton

    (k) Wrestling

    (l) Judo

    Emphasis is to be laid on the consolidation of technique and learning of basic tactical patterns. These games are Played in full-size fields, if available. In case only a small play area is available, these games are played in modified form.

    Participation in exercise schedules for improving different motor components namely speed, strength, endurance, flexibility, and coordinative abilities.

    Introduction of basic rules related to the games.
5. Swimming
  • (a) Emphasis is to be laid on the consolidation of techniques of all strikes and learning of basic tactical patterns, using competitive distances.

    (b) Participation in exercise schedules for improving different motor components related to swimming.

    (c) Consolidation of water polo skills and dives.

    (d) Introduction to basic rules of swimming, water polo, and diving.

    Note: At this stage, the student has to aim for high-performance attainment, and hence he should select one event for specialization. More than one event be chosen only if logical

HPBOSE 12th Syllabus for Mathematics

Unit Number


Part I: Number system

Euclid's division lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic-statements after reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of results-irrationality decimal expansions of rational numbers in terms of terminating / non-terminating recurring decimals.

Part II: Algebra 

Polynomials: Zeros of a polynomial. The relationship between zeros and coefficients of a polynomial with particular reference to quadratic polynomials. Statement and simple problems on the division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients.

Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables:  Pair of linear equations in two variables. Geometric representation of different possibilities of solutions inconsistency. Algebraic conditions for the number of solutions. The solution of the pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically by substitution, by elimination, and by cross multiplication. Simple situational problems must be included. Simple problems on equations reducible to linear equations may be included.

Quadratic Equations: Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2 + Bx + c = 0. The solution of the quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization and by completing the square, i.e by using the quadratic formula. A relationship between discriminant and the nature of roots. Problems related to day to day activities to be incorporated.

Arithmetic Progression: The motivation for studying AP. Derivation of standard results of finding the nth term and sum of first n terms.

Part III: Trigonometry
  • Trigonometric Ratios: Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios, whichever are defined at 0° & 90°. Values (with proofs) of the trigonometric ratios of 30°, 45° & 60°. Relationships between the ratios.

  • Trigonometric Identities:  Pro and applications of the identity sin2 A + cos2 A = 1. Only simple identities to be given. Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles.

  • Heights and Distances: Simple and believable problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation/depression should be only 30°, 45°, 60°.

Part IV: Coordinate Geometry
  • Lines (In two-dimensions):  Review the concepts of coordinate geometry done earlier including graphs of linear equations. Awareness of the geometrical representation of quadratic polynomials. The distance between two points and section formula (internal). Area of a triangle.
Part V: Geometry
  • Triangles Definitions, examples, counterexamples of similar triangles

    1. (Prove) if a line a drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect to the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.

    2. (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel to the third side.

    3. (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar.

    4. (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.

    5. (Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.

    6. (Motivate) If a perpendicular is drawn from the vertex of the right angle of a right triangle to the hypotenuse, the triangles on each side of the perpendicular are similar to the whole triangle and each other.

    7. (Prove) The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares on their corresponding sides.

    8. (Prove) In a right triangle, the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides.

    9. (Prove) In a triangle, if the square on one side is equal to a sum of the squares on the other two sides, the angle opposite to the first side is a right triangle.

  • Circles: Tangents to a circle motivated by chords drawn from points coming closer and closer and closer to the point.

    1. (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

    2. (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.

  • Constructions:  

    1. Division of a line segment in a given ratio (internally)

    2. Tangent to a circle from a point outside it.

    3. Construction of a triangle similar to a given triangle.


Part VI: Mensuration 

1. Areas of Plane Figures: Motivate the area of a circle; area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter/ circumference of the above-said plane figures. (In calculating an area of the segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to a central angle of 60°, 90° & 120° only. Plane figures involving triangles, simple quadrilaterals, and circles should be taken).

2. Surface Areas And Volumes: Problems on finding surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres, and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone. Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems. (Problems with a combination of not more than two different solids be taken)

Part VII: Statistics And Probability

 1. Statistics: Mean, median, and mode of grouped data (a bimodal situation to be avoided). Cumulative frequency graph.

   2. Probability: Classical definition of probability. Connection with probability as given in Class IX. Simple problems on single events, not using set notation.

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